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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 4, 1941, Mason City, Iowa I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 41941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OV TWO SECTIONS BIG GUN QUIVERS Supporting Cables Help Reduce Muzzle Lash A German Bir Bertha with a barrel so loner and narrow that it quivers like a fishrod after each shot fires a shcl across the Enslislt channel toward England Supporting cables help reduce the muzzle lash Willkie de Valera Confer on Problems Arising in War American Says He Does Not Want to Influence Eire In Any Way BULLETIN was George VI and Queen Elizabeth Tuesday and after the audi ence he told reporters Britain Ij almost miraculously fortun ate in her leadership Willkie returned io London from a fly ing trip to Dublin DUBLIN URWendell L Willkie conferred with Eamon dc prime minister of Eire on the war and the problems aris ing from it De Valera received Willkie in his office in the government buildings soon after Willlues ar rival at Dublin airport at a M a m CST from Man chester Willkie chartered a commer cial plane for the trip His de parture from Manchester had been unexpected Before leaving he said J want it understood thai I shall not attempt to influence de Valera in any way I merely want to ask questions and talk Id him acrossa desk so I can have a full and complete pic ture of the war situation There is an awful lot I feel he can tell me that would hn of srcal in terest in the United Willkie eagerto get home to testify before a senate committee on the aid to Britain bill planned to fly from Dublin to London late Tuesday andleave there for New York via Lisbon Wednesday It had been part of his original plan in his visit lo England to go to Dublin But he had given up hope of getting there because of the limited lime at his disposal He left Manchesterat a m a m CST without an nouncement accompanied by J C Dulonty Eire high commis sioner lo Britain and a party of friends EAMON de VALERA ASK PARLIAMENT FOR 4 BILLIONS British Government Requests Credit for War Expenditures LONDON The British government will request of parlia ment another vote oC credit in the sum of 1000000000 pounds ap proximately S4 000000000 to de fray wnr expenditures during the year ending March 31 1942 K was announced Tuesday The government also is re questing 600000000 pounds ap proximately S2400000000 for costs to March 31 of this year NO 99 CLASH OVER AID TO BRITAIN President Suspends Guarantees of Civil Liberty for 15 Days HAVANA fti gencio Batista Monday night sup pressed an incipient revolt plans of which included an attempt to assassinate him it was learned Tuesday Stern action taken by Batista during the niffht included the arrest of army and navy chiefs and supension of civil liberty guarantees for the next 15 days The revolt allegedly was planned by supporters of Col Angel A Gonzalez chief of the navy staff who objected to Batistas ordeijs to return to civil administration government departments which for some years have been under naval control Gonzalez was said io have boon supported by Col Jose Pcdraza chief of the army staff Friday night Batista summoned Gonzalez io the presidential palace in an effort lo negotiate an ami cable settlement During the con ference supporters of Gonzalez fearful that he wouldbe detained al the Palace thcatencd lo fire the guns of La Punta fortress at the entrance to Havana harbor on Batistas headquarters unless the naval chief were released al once it was sai1 i Batista it was milled Gonzalez to depart Mov insr swiftly o crush opposition Batista then demanded and ob tained the resignation Saturday of Col Bernardo Garcia chief of the national police V Without for BatislaV ap pointment of a successor lo Pcd raza Ihe army chief of slaff as sumed command of the national j LOOK INSIDE FOR 1OSUKE MATSUOKA Leans to Axis Wants U S Friendly Relations PAGE 2 Farmers Institute at Luverne 2 Days PAGE 8 Proposes Assembly Investigate IHSAA SPORTS PAGE BACK TO VICHY Believed to Carry Conditions for Laval to Return to Cabinet police Late Monday night Batista who uas represented as feeling secure in having the support of most of ficers in the armed forces drove to Camp Columbia army head quarters outside Havana accom panied by Ivo officers One was Col Manuel Bcnitcz chief1 of the Pinar Del Rio military district At Camp Columbia Batista in formed the troops that he had tak en personal command Pedrara who resigned at Camp Columbia left his headquarters and went in search of Gonzalez for a confer ence But Batista sent officers to apprehend Pedraza and take him back to Camp Columbia VICHY France Term DaiJan left The house of commons made available a tolal of 2700000000 pounds about 510800000000 in three credit authorizations in 1910 The last of these on Oct 16 was for 1000000000 pounds The government was given a blank check long ago so far as appropriations are concerned and parliament simply votes it money from time to time to pay the bills Irish ports and air bases which British Prime Minister Churchill said were vital to proper protec tion of British overseas trade routes AVIllkic had thoroughly fa miliarized himself with the Brit ish view Albert V Alexander first lord of the admiralty haii explained to him the importance which Great Britain attached lo Irish bases which would ex tend the convoy range of British warships and coastal command airplanes by 300 miles Willkie said he would discuss with dc Valera Eires position in light of the experiences of Hol land and Belgium fellow neutrals and sound out his attitude on American aid to Britain He indicated his discussion would cover tie Valeras attitude toward the possibility that Ameri can warships might some time enter convoy service as well as he possibility of American relief for Irish civilians Shipping Loss Reported by Britain j Is Below War Average LONDON British ships totaling 23514 tons were lost by enemy aclion during the week ended al midnight Jan 26 the admiralty said Tuesday The loss was below the weekly average for the entire war The admiralty said that during the period under review two al lied ships totaling 10090 tons also had been lost making the lotal tonnage lostduring the week 33064 During the previous week losses were 58212 tons The weekly average loss for the war up to Jan 12 was 62117 tons No neutral ships were reported lost during the week under re view During the week under Kvcn laic Monday night however Gonzalez at his head quarters at La Punta rejected Batistas orders to relinquish his command Most reliable quarters saiti that after Gonzalezs rejection Ralista threatened o fire on La Punla with the guns from Ca bana fortress across fhe har bor from La Tunta Gonzalez was reported to have surrendered at a m ending temporarily at least opposition lo Batistas regime Well informed quarters alleged that In opposing Batistas authority supporlers of Gonzalez and Pedraza had planned to do away with the pres ident Batistas quick positive ac tion however was said to have frightened supporters of the army and navy chiefs Assuming personal command of the armed forces Balisla estab lished headquarters at Camp Co lumbia the army bsse outside Havana and arranged to broadcast to the nation He called congress to meet at the end of a 15day period during which constitution al guarantees of civil liberties have been suspended and will ask congress to approve his action Heavy guards were thrown SOFIA Bulgaria Admiral Paris shortly before noon Tuesday to bring back to Vichy a message presumably from former Vice Premier Pierre Laval with whom he conferred Monday on Lavals conditions for returning lo a position in the French government i h formed sources here said He was re ported to be traveling alone Admiral Darliin French navy minister and envoy from Chief of State Philippe Petaih talked with Laval several hours in a move by the Vichy government to meet increasing German pres sure that Laval be returned to a position of authority Friends of Laval declared Mon day night the deposed vice pre mier once heir apparent to Pc tains post would want even broader power lhan he held until his dismissal from the cabinet last Dec 13 They said he would ask Inr I AM important cabinet port folio possibly his former job of foreign minister Full charge of Frances ne gotiations with Germany which have little progress since December and a definite agree ment within the French govern ment on what constitutes colla boration with the reich Control of all information services in France and of the police Changes in Petains national council of 51 set up last month French political circles expected the DarlanLaval conference to bring important changes broad ening FrenchGerman collabora tion and perhaps concentrating cabinet power in a triumvirate of ministers under Pctain Bulgarian Agriculture Minister Quits Over Nazi Troop Question around the presidential palace H was announced also at Camp Columbia that Lieut Col Gutier rez Velasquez commander of the first army regiment at Santiago at the eastern end of Ihe island had resigned and had been re placed by Chief Inspector Oscar Diaz who telegraphed Batista that everything there was normal It was understood that aBtisla surrounded by his aides at Camp view f1Vvman flii rej Columbia was busy dismissing i have lure Minister F Bagrianoff known as a staunch friend of Germany and advocate of Bulgarian co operation with the axis resigned suddenly Tuesday Informed sources sale he had disagreed wtili Premier Bogdan Phiioff over the question of pas sage for nazi troops through Bul garia Bagrianoff had been mentioned as a possible successor to Phiioff ns prime minister and his rcsig sunk 23100 tons and the Italians claimed to have sunk 13000 tons of our shipping the admiralty said i iiin I1IIHJ31UI cum 1135 resig I some high army and navy officers nation was seen in some quarters j and promoting others whose loy as a temporary setback to Ger ally and discipline was unqucs man influence in this country ild vcorganizj Phiioff himself took over Bagri anoflK portfolio 22 Hurt as Locomotive Explodes DENVER least 22 per sons were injured some seriously by the explosion of a large Den ver and Rio Grande western rail road passenger locomotive Moiir day as it was being pushed into the railroads in the southwest in dustrial section Several of the persons injured were motorists who had stopped at the intersection of Thirteenth street and Osage avenue for the train to cross The boiler and cab of the lo comotive were lifted from the un dercarriage hurled 60 feet into the air and thrown upside down on an empty railway express car Before landing the boiler and cab arched over the locomotive im mediately behind Fireman Ray Schaffer mem ber of the first fire department rescue squad reaching the scene said We found people wander ing around over a whole square block so dazed they didnt know what they were doing We just put them in ambulances and automobiles and sent them lo hospitals Several of the dazed victims asked the firemen Whats hap pened around here Force of the blast blew win dows and bricks from the Western Elaterite Roofing company plant 25 feet from the tracks and swung automobiles out ol position Some members of a loading crew working on a track 50 feet away were injured Frank Hobbs an employe of the roofing company described the Axlosion as an eart Batista Nips Cuban Revolution ARRESTS ARMY NAVY CHIEFS TO AVOIDDISORDER as an earthquake and a powder plant explosion rolled into one About four of us were in the office joking and kidding be fore going to work Hobbs re lated All of a sudden a ter rific explosion knocked me backward Some of Hie furni ture flew around in the room and the walls seemed to jump was about 0 minutes be fore we could even see anything because of the dust and smoke and steam The explosion just seemed lo knock you backwards Several men fell lo their knees When we could see we ran outside Cars were blown around the street I was so dazed I couldnt even remember seeing any of the injured The trainwas heading south ward from the Denver Union sta tion to the D R G W Burn ham yards The engine that ex ploded was one of the largest used by the railroad It still had steam up after completing its run in from Salt Lake City Behind the large locomotive was another locomotive two railway express cars and two empty passenger cars After landing atop the first rail way express car he locomotive boiler slid lo the ground One trainman was reported lo have been hurled from the second lo comotive cab by the force of the explosion George F Dodge an executive of the companysaid there is no question but that the water was low in the boiler of the engine and added that this probably caused the explosion ins the whole high command Streamlined Diesel Freight Train Starts on Trip to West Coast CHICAGO new stream lined Dieselelectric freight loco motive will roll inlo Iowa at port Madison Tuesday night inaugu rating the Santa Fe railroads lat est application of lhat type of mo tive power to railroading A fourcar articulated power unit developing a total of 5400 horsepower from four 16cylinder Diesel engines thp 193foot loco motive is designed to pull a long freight train at maximum speeds of 75 miles an hour It has con trol cabs at each end The Santa Fc claims lo be the first railroad in the country us ing Diesel power in regular freight service The maiden trip crossing the southeast corner of Iowa will take a group of officals and newspaper men to the west coast The locomotive fitted out like a passenger streamliner carries a 500mile supply of fuel weighs 464 tons and can pull the aver age 100 car freight train the full distance without a stop Should one of he four Diesels fail the others work independently SENATE VOTES 500000 TO AID IOWA AGED Increase Expected to Keep Pensions About Same Rolls Larger DES MONIES bill ap propriating a year for the next two years for old age pensions passed the Iowa senate Tuesday by a vote of 47 to 0 The measure now goes lo the lower bouse where it is expected to encounter little if any opposi tion Governor Wilson recommended the figure for old age pensions in his biennial budget re port submitted to the assembly the first week of the session rf The stale appropriation is matched by federal funds The total which would thus be avail able to pay otd age pensions in Iowa for the next two years un der the bill as passed by the senate would be 517000000 a year The appropriations for old assislance comes from threepoint tax funds The slates contribution for old age assistance for the current bi ennium has been a year Chairman John P Berg R Cedar Falls of the senate appro priations committee said the larg er appropriation would maintain old age pensions in Iowa at about their present level Jor the next two years as the volls are grow ingat therateof 250 cases a month At the present time 5G495 pen sioners afe receiving an average of per month Berg told the senate By lune 30 1943 stale wel fare board officials estimate there will be 64116 names on the rolls and at the present rate of increase in the averane amount of benefits lliey would lie receiving S2231 per month Individual benefits liavc been increasing an average of S cents per month The old age pension appropria tion measure was one of 13 bills passed by the senate Tuesday be fore it adjourned until 10 a m Wednesday Bills passing the senate Tuesday included fhe house measure re quiring farmers whose crops are damaged by hail to give notice to Ihe insurance company within 10 days and the senate bill restrict ing use of white canes to blind persons Minors who arc 18 years old could buy life insurance under one bill which the senate passed Tues day Another would extend cov erage of he workmans compen sation act to members of the slate highway patrol New bills introduced in he senate Tuesday included one by Senatoi A K Augustine DOs kaloosa which would levy a S3 annual poll lax on all persons eligible to vote but providing for a remission of this tax if the per son voted at the last preceding general election Attack Argentine Livestock Shipment DES MOINES a dissenting voice the Iowa house Tuesday passed a resolution ask ing the United States senate to refnse to ratify a pending agree ment with the Argentine republic on shipment of livestock into this country The resolution akcd that em bargoes now in force be continued until such countries x x have established xx x adequate sani tary conditions lo prevent the spread of footandmouth dis ease Representative David A Dan cer R Lamoni one of the au thors of the resolution said foot andmouth disease costs the farmers of the United States S300 000000 a year Before adjourning until a m Wednesday the house 1 Amended and passed 95 to 4 a senate bill to allow farmers to include corn loans as gross in come in the year the corn is sealed rather than when the corn is de livered 2 Passed a bill providing for hens for the storage of boats boat engines and motors The vote was 100 to 0 The house was told that some such sort of action was needed in Dickinson county where Spirit lake is located and in Cerro Gordo county where Clear Lake is located Fund Being Raised for Guards Just about everybody has a deep sense of appreciation for the young men of this community who next week will enter the service of their country with the three National Guard companies Now a way has been provided for all who wish lo make tangible and effective that appreciation Between now and next Monday night when the induction inlo federal army service is to be ef fected a special mess fund will be completed for division among the three companies A minimum goal of S120U has been set If more is raised lucre will be a good use for it Beginning in the next issue and daily for the remainder of the moneyraising effort the Globe Gazette will print a list of the donors with the amount given In much the same manner lhat the annual Christmas Cheer Fund is handled Administration of Ihe fund will be directed by a committee of citizens made up of Harry W Ocile chairman M C Cap Lawson ami Walter 1C Bramhall There will be a quarterly re port from Camp Claibornc Louis iana on Ihe expenditure of Ihe money raised and at the close of the year there will be a busi nesslike audit The purpose of the fund is to provide for the Mason City troops a few of the comforts anil pleasures which would come to them in civilian life Maybe it will be fresh fruit in the field maybe a Sunday mess of chick en maybe something else H should bo made clear that no gift can be too large or too small whether i be 10 cents or All will be gratefully received and credited Contributions in currency or by checK maybe brought to the GlobeGazette business office 01 mailed to this address National Guard Fund GlobeGazette IMason City Iowa Donations will be turned ovei immediately to the committee in charge The total received each day will be listed and ihe full amount on hand will be formally transmitted lo the guardsmen Monday night as a feature of the special induction ceremony If you plan to it is hoped you you act at once It will help to gel the ball rolling The Mason City community has ihe reputation of never falling down on a worthy theres reason to believe lhat this effort will be crowned with suc cess BILL WILL PUT U S INTO WAR BEARD STATES Eliot Declares Change in Balance of Power Abroad Threatens U S WASHINGTON OP Charles A Beard the historian told con gress Tuesday the Britishaid bill would involve us officially in war and he urged its defeat but George yielding Eliot the writer argued it should be enacted with certain proper limitations be cause of the world military situa tion The two men testified before the senate foreign relations com mittee which also received an nouncement of support for the bill ay eight southern governors while the house started the second day of debate on the administration measure The governors advised the com mittee they believed lhat passage of this fail at this time is essen tial to the safety of the nation Believe Des Moines May Be Considered Bombing Plant Site DES MOINES fPra Lane chairman of the Des iUoincs in dustrial defense committee told the committee the S 11000000 Martin bomber assembly plant as signed to Omaha had been de layed because of a shortage in housing Lane who said his in formation came from Mayor Mark Conkling public safety commis sioner Harold K Holdcn and Karl C Kastbcrg a member of the committee said other sites for the plant were being considered and expressed the opinion Des Moines might obtain consideration The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy west cloudy cast Tuesday nijrlil Wednesday fair amt somewhat warmer MINNESOTA Tartly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednes day slightly colder norlhccn tral Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday 25 Minimum Monday night in At 8 a m Tuesday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum in Minimum 20 Precipilalion 0 Snowfall 50 EXTENDED FORECAST CHICAGO Weather fore cast for the period from p m Feb 4 to p m Feb 3 in clusive Upper Mississippi Valley Iowa Illinois Wisconsin and Minneso ta except those portions that drain into the Great temperature will average above normal with only mild fluctua tions Little or no precipitation in dicated Eliot writer on military sub jects sail the destruction of the balance of power in Europe for the first time since the Napo leonic wars had brought about a condition filled with danger for the United Stales Ger manys gaining access to the Atlantic had wrecked I h c slralegic military setup of Ihe world he declared Beard proposed lhat instead of enacting the administrations bill congress should authorize the use of government credit to step up production of war supplies for Great Britain Eliot described as a limitation he would corsidcr proper a re striction on the length bftimeT the bill would Operate but he said that inclusion of a restriction against convoys was not proper Beard said enactment of the measure would engage our gov ernment in war activities involve us officially in the conflict of Europe and Asia and place in jeopardy everything we cherish in tiie United Stales Starlhijr off the house debate Ileprcsenlative Richards D S Car urged thai the legisla tion be considered from the viewpoint of preservation of national defense He criticized Britains failure lo nay her World war debts butdeclared he would not cut off my nose to spite mv face by opposing the present bill Leading the list of opposition orators Representative Vorys ROhio said the cential issue of the British aid argument was whether United States help should be limited or unlimited With creditable witnesses say ing I hat a military defeat of Hit ler will require American troops in Europe all out aid means war and aid short of war may mean aid short of success he said The senate committee was in formed that the eight governors who signed the statement support ing the legislation were Frank M Dixon of Alabama chairman of the Southern Governors confer ence B R Maybank of South Carolina 1 M Broughtoii North Carolina S L Holland of Florida Homer M Adkins of Ar kansas Paul B Johnson of Mis sissippi Sam H loncs of Louis iana and James H Price of Vir ginia Under qucstioninc by Sena tor Gillette Eliot said lie would rather sec the United States take the risk of convoy ins supplies to Britain than In see Britain destroyed Congress in voting on thr pending bill must decide Beard said whether it is prepared on ashowdown lo carry our coun try info war in Europe and Asia and thus set the whole world on fire nr is resolved to stay out to the last ditch and preserve the stronghold of order and sanity even against the forces of hel He said he wanted to see con gress resume the legislative power assigned o if and by spe cific legislation of its own draft ing authorize using the credit of Ibis government in the aid of American industries engaged in supplying Great Britain with goods under positive conditions coordinated with American de fense production Amid clashing opinions nn the j danger of an invasion of Ihe United States by a Iriumphanl axis house republicans fiphtins Ihe British aid bill sought io enlist demo ;