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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPAftTU HISTORY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOMEEpmON VOL LI FMv United Pran XuO MASON CITY IOWA 8ATVKDAT FEBKUAKY 3 IMS NO m INSIDE WASHINGTON George Bill Postage to Pave Way for Wallace Fren SUM the greatest show on Capitol Hill since the midget sat on the lap of J P Morgan political observers are certain that congress will pass the George bill and then the senate will confirm exVice President Henry A Wallace as secretary of commerce The legislation introduced by Sen Walter George D of Geor gia sheets away from the commerce de partment c o n trol over the govern m e n ts multi billion dollar lending agen cies These w e r e transferred t o commerce by congress Senator George when towering Jesse Jones became secretary several years ago Wallace to make a place for whom President Roosevelt fired Jones from the cabinet would inherit the dicta torship over the worlds greatest banking operation But the senate commerce com mittee has approved the George bill and the senate and house are almost certain to follow suit in the next few days That puts the shaggybrowed Wallace definite ly out in his prospective role as caliph of world finance Should the George bill fail of passage a remote chance in Wallace might not be con firmed by the senate for the cab inet job Despite labors vociferous de mands that the cost of living be rolled back all was not serene whenWPB and OPA announced the program to save consumers 500 milliondollars annually by forcing production of lowcost clothing and textiles Spokesmen for Dave Dubinskys Ladies Garment Workers ATI and Sidney Hillmans Clothing Workers CIO protested that the program might have a repressive CLAIM RED ATTACKS REPULSED Yanks Speed Toward Manila Fall Imminent effect on wages Then beef Now that high price clothing producers will be required to start turning out sun ple serviceable lowrcost mentsthe wagev SAY FORWARD FORCES CLOSE IN ON CAPITAL MacArthur Believes Uberation Will Be Accomplished Soon General MacArthurs Head quarters Luzon Doug las MacArthur in a visit to his front line troops battling toward Manila said Saturday he believed that American forces would reach the Philippines capital Sunday a front dispatch reported I believe we will make it Sun day MacArthur said So far out the battle has been bridges bread and bullets The general made his observa tion as he again went all the way to the front lines of American troops advancing toward Manila Other front dispatches said that forward American elements were closing in on Manila The smoke of Japanese demolition fires al ready raged and dispatches said that our entry into the city can not he lonp delayed Japanese mortars fell near Mac Arthur while he looked over the lines of the victorious Yankee troops bent on the Uberation of the capital the dispatch said Caught off balance by the mul tiple American attacks and with their main forces pinned down impotehtly in the northern hills around Baguio the Japanese ap parently had little or nothing to oppose the armored columns sweeping down on the capital Motorizedoutriders of the US Hickenlooper Criticizes Foreign Policy New York that tremendous secrecy surrounds the administrations activities in international relations Senator Bourke B Hickenlooper RIowa Saturday criticized what he termed the failure of the presi dent and the administration to make clear just what their for eign policy is In a speech prepared for deliv ery at the 24th annual luncheon the Womens National Repub lican club Hickenlooper said We have had too many exam ples recently that indicate that we have no strong foreign policy that would compare in any way There were a number of signs I to the objectives and purposes of that the longawaited meeting fi SAY BIG THREE TALKING TERMS OF ARMISTICE Unconfirmed Reports Claim Conference Has Already Begun London Roose velt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin were believed studying armistice terms for Ger many three Saturday at conference their big our major allies Another speaker Rep Clare Boothe Luce that if the American people are forced to chopse between the po litical freedom of the individual and the economic security of the nally had begun with proval of terms for a the ap defeated reich the most urgent item of the agenda Though official secrecy cloaked the site of the meeting uncon firmed reports placed it some individual as they may well be if where in southern Russia A we cannot give them both they Tokyo broadcast however said will choose economic security thret allied leaders were re declii e k If youre thinking ofgetting that living room furniture re upholstered or buying new dra peries youd better move fast Thesupply of the fabrics is get ting short and will not be re plenished for a considerable time Bugs will be tighter too be come more and more scarce as lomic security The former Iowa governor said that unfortunately the much discussed subject of foreign pol icy has been abused and confused I think much of this abuse and confusion is the direct result of failure of the president and the administration to make clear just what their foreign policy is Hickenlooper added We dont know whether or not pur par ticipation in this war carried with it any definite agreements on the part of our allies to establish and maintain certain objectives of freedom and selfdetermination we dont know whether the ad ministration will Insist upon any particular line of settlement rug looms are converted to cotton duck program the d1st cavalry sums ohlyscattered resistance in their parallel ad vance throughthe northern ap proaches to Manila and there was e very prospectthat their battle flags would be raised over the city before the close of the week end An unknown motorist proved that anything can and happen in wartime Washington The driver aiding sorely pressed transportation in the capital of fered a ride the other day to sev eral government workers on their way home from the office Elated at their good fortune the federal workers hopped in the car To their amazement the driver pulled out a guest book ex plaining as he busily collected their autographs that he always had his guests sign that he refused to take no for an answer a Members of congress want more money for representing the folk back home All they get now adays is 510000 a year How much do they want Well it varies Rep Emanuel Celler DO of if New York says a year will do the job But thats not enough for Rep Carl Vinson D of Geor gia who says is his mini mum requirement And Rep Adolf J of Illinois I went have to have a S2500 tax exemption for the solons c Thenavy for the first tune since the war began lifts the cur tain on some of the armament secrets of its mighty new ships The most modem battleship class the deoartment says packs a terrific wallop with nine 16inch puns in triple mount 20 fiveinch double purpose guns in twin mounts and many smaller anti aircraft weapons Heavy cruisers like the Balti more carry nine eightinch guns in threes 12 fiveinch ackacks and many smaller types Destroyer fire power remains a closely guarded navy secret the three allied leaders were re portedly in session in Cairo The Japanesecontrolled Sing apore Tadio guessed the meeting was being held at a Romanian Black sea port The European advisory commis sion was understood to have drafted armistice terms for Ger many for final approval of Mr Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin Washington sources said the terms were put in textual form and in itialed by the commission some weeks ago Nature of the terms was not known As in trie case of Italy they probably will not be pub lished immediately if at aJL While Lthere was no indication i no v information ws no indication collapseit mitments orin fact administration was believed the three Pussyfoot Johnson Prohibitionist Dies BingharntonN illiam Official headquarters reports admittedly lagging more than 36 hoars behind the event said the 37th bad finally worked out of the swampy bottleneck at Calompit and poshed on more than 5 miles down highway 3 to the Malolos area 17 miles north of Manila by Thursdaynight A few miles to the east veteran troopers of the 1st cavalry were pushing down highway 5 below sSabang 23 miles north of Manila after a breakneck 57mile ad vance in 24 hours The 1st cavalry entering the battle of Luzon for the first time Wednesday night struck east ward along the Manila north road from Guimban and then south into highway 5 Cabanatuan Santa Rosa and Gapan all fell in swift succession completely severing communica tions between the Japanese forces in north and south Luzon Strong armored patrols raced 24 miles past Gapan to reach Sabang by nightfall Thursday The stiffest Japanese resistance was met at the Pampanga river crossings just above Cabanatuan where some 300 enemy troops supported by light tankettes put up a short sharp battle that ended in their destruction almost to a man American losses in the fight were described officially as small The Manila bound Yanks pushed past Cabanatuan without entering the prison camp 6 miles to the northeast from which 510 American and British captives were rescued last Tuesday Field dispatches said the ter rific impetus attained by the first cavalry was expected to carry them into Manila before the 37th which had been hampered by the difficult terrain around Calum pit There still were no reports of Japanese destruction inside Ma nila and it was believed that only a relatively few key objectives such as the Pasig river bridge supply dumps and military in be blown up before the enemy abandoned the capital Headquarters said plans already are being made for MacArthur and other high American officers o enter the city ax soon as pos sible after its capture Far to the north troops of the objectives Tremendous secrecy is surrounding our operations in this field Asserting that had been made by the Dumbarton Oaks proposals Hickenlooper stated thereis no substantial rea son why the United States Rus sia and England cannot make a mutual declaration of their future objectives including participation by the othernations Mrs Luce asked Can any po litical party In this nation promise and give the individual citizen both freedom and security she added If republican leaders cannot make that promise effec tively and sincerely then we must face the plain fact that the re publican party will come to power never again Bit by bit Hickenlooper told the republican women the Atlan tic Charter has been discarded wished to be prepared in the event that the Germans decide to ca pitulate when the red army reaches Berlin The lightninglike soviet drive into eastern Germany gave the armistice question precedence over pressing political problems affect ing Poland Greece and Yugo slavia The German press saw the meeting as a prelude to an allied propaganda campaign to break Germanys morale and hasten her surrender Scare headlines in Ber lin newspapers warned the Ger man people against listening to surrender demands Adolph Hitlers newspaper Vol kischer Beobachter carried a ban ner headline asserting that a gi gantic deceit is planned while the Nachtausgabe saw a new big humbug maneuver in the making RUSSIAN GAINSIN 3 the red armies mass for the final assault on Berlin the shaded area on this map shows territory taken in that have elapsed since the start of the Russian winter offensive Jan 12 Dates indicate week by week movement pf the 1 st Army Smashes Into Final Western Defense ZHUKOV FORCES NEAR STETTIN ON BALTIC SEA Threaten to Cut Off German Troops Join Berlin Attack London attacks on the Oder river have been repulsed the German high command de clared Saturday as American air fleets rocked Berlin with 3000 tons of bombs in aid to soviet troops massing along the river 40 miles east of the capital One Berlin broadcast said Mar shal Gregory Zhukovs troops had won but later lost a bridgehead over the Oder near Kustrin The Moscow1 radio declared one of Zhukovs columns had speared to within 11 Vi miles of Stettin on the Baltic A plunge to Stettin would lop off 13500 square miles of northeastern Germany the Po lish corridor and the Danzig area Kustrin is on the Oder 4C miles east of Berlin A huge battle was reported raging farther south 4 miles east of Frankfurt on the listoric Kundersdorf battlefield first bloodied in the era of Fred erick the Great The rain of bombs from more than 1000 U S Flying Fortresses crashed on the refugee choked Yanks Saw Reds London air force fighter pilots flew east of Berlin to the Oder river area Saturday and saw the flashes of artillery fire across the river with indications that the Russians were battling for a crossing Wewent on past Berlin and could seethe Oder Mat Robert D Long of Coral Cabin said gjjliere were irlllli i fliinti ail both sides of the river r iar It looked like the pushed to the river bank There was a lot of activity of some sort which we couldnt make oat on the river bank We were then straight cast of Berlin and almost to Frankfort E Pussyfoot Johnson 82 who lor 50 years waged battle against drink in every port of the world except Alaska and South Ameri ca died Friday Johnson who retired in 1929 to his Smith ville Flats N Y home 1 1 represented the American Saloon league abroad and was a govern ment agent obtaining more than 87 per cent convictions in nearly 6000 bootlegging cases from 1906 03 U S 6th armys first corps who have borne the hardest fighting of the Luzon campaign secured the Americans east flank between San Nicolas and Nativad 27 miles inland from Lingayen Gulf and about the same distance south of Baguio center of Japanese re sistance in northern Luzon Nine miles below Nativad the Americans threw a road block across highway 8 Just south 6 Umingan and launched ah attack on sizeable Japanese forces dug DIRECT VERDICT FOR DEFENDANT Iowa Falls Fire Case Closed A motion by the defendant for a directed verdict was sustained Saturday morning in federal dis trict court here by Judge Henry N Graven closing the 512000 damage suit of the Highland Golf club of Iowa Falls versus the Sin clair Refining company of that City Judge Graven ruled in favor of the Sinclair after de nying a motion by the golf club for an amendment which would have allowed the introduction of new evidence designed to prove specific negligence on the part of the oil company The judge said that it was doubtful whether the plaintiff could prove such negli gence basing his opinion on the court records and on precedent Not a single act of negligence on the part of the defendant was proved Judge Graven saidin his opinion delivered extemporan eously from the bench This was a very difficult case because all the proof was in the hands of the defendant The jury was called at to hear the judges ruling and then dismissed Testimony in the case in which the golf club claimed that negli gence on the part of the oil com pany had resulted in a fire de stroying the clubhouse was com pleted Friday afternoon Allied Patrols Inflict Casualties on Nazis on Italian Front Rome patrols prob ing German defensive positions before the American 5th and Brit ish Sth army fronts inflicted casu alties on the enemy Friday at sev eral points allied headquarters announced Saturday A headquarters statement said a number of Silesian Poles from the German 148th division had desert ed to 5th army lines Despite unfavorable flying weather medium bombers of the Mediterranean allied tactical air force attacked rail bridges on the Brenner route into Germany and bridges in north Italy GAIN 3 MILES IN GERMANY Report Air Activity In Holland Along Roer Taris S first army doughboys smashing into the final west fall defenses Saturday in the VIonschau sector reached points ittle more than a mile from the ast concrete fortifications They had burst completely through the first pillbox belt of the double ACCENT AND ALL Harvard Nebr name of the newspaper at the Harvard Army Air Field installation is a Harvard Accent Siegfried line The Americans punched their in on the outskirts of the town Meanwhile elements of the newlylanded U S 8th army ad vanced 6 miles across the base of Bataan peninsula east of Olongapo Thursday and were approaching Dinalnhlpan where they were expected Juncture with 6th army niovint down from highway Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy slightly warmer Saturday night and Sunday with intermittent light snow Lowest about 24 In creasing winds Iowa Cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with snow changing to rain in extreme east portion Sunday Slightly warmer with increasing winds Minnesota Light to moderate snow night way into Bronsfeld slightly more than a mile from Schleiden which is on the eastern fringe of the Siegfried defenses They occupied Bronsfeld 9 miles southeast of Monschau Bereschied ard Drei born miles east of Mnschau towns controlling the main high ways to the communications cen ter of Schleiden Gains of 3 miles and more were registered as the second and ninth divisions pushed through open country into the final Siegfried belt The German high command re ported lively air activity and in creasing artillery fire in Holland and on the Tront along the Roer river in Germany amid rising in dications of an impending allied offensive Field Marshal von Rundstedt gave this cryptic command to his troops Orders for whatwe have to do have been given Comrades and now more than ever we must be fresh winds Saturday and Sunday Warmer northeast and north central por tions Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday 17 Minimum Friday 15 x At 8 a m Saturday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum 5B Minimum 25 watchful The Americans along a 40mile attack front have run into stiffen ing resistance Fighting forward east of Mons chau the first armys second in fantry division had cracked the west wall at one of its widest points 30 miles southeast of Aachen and driven 10 miles in side Germany Pushing on the second division seized Schoncseif fen and Harperscheid 3 miles from the Siegfried fortress of Schleiden and 32 miles from Bonn communications hub on the Rhine The second division already was through the first of two main de fense there but enemy op position stiffened Germans fought as bitterly against the U S third armys push farther down on the 40mile as sault front and hard fighting of Prtim a supply center for the defense line American and French troops battled to throw Germans from a toehold in Colmar on the southern end of the western front and broadened their grip on the Rhine south of Strasbourg to 35 miles Artillery pounded the Rhine bridge at Neufbrisach east of Col mar main escape route for per haps 25000 Germans in the Col mar area Allied troops reached the Rhine near Kuenheim north of Neufbrisach French and American tanks and infantry had driven to the center of Colmar meeting strong resist ance only in the eastern sector More than 25 French towns were taken Friday Americans of the 7th army aid ed at points by French units ad vanced in the area 15 miles north of Strasbourg and doughboys pushed back across the Moder riv er on both sides of Haguenau Allied planes struck repeatedly in support of ground troops They destroyed or damaged 64 locomo tives 1312 railway cars and 274 motor vehicles Friday British and Canadian patrols felt out German strength on the northern end of the front The American 1st and 3rd arm ies beat into the Siegfried line while the Sth army stood poised along the Roer river farther north with a gap already torn in the formidable defense chain The pattern of day and night attack began increasingly to seal off the whole battle zone from Dusseldorf to Coblenz perhaps preparing for a breakthrough bid for the Rhine First army troops were through the Monschau forest at places anc near its eastern edge elsewhere Below the second divisions thrust the 9th infantry division reached Dreiborn after a 3mile advance First infantry division raged for Bleialf miles west men had a stiff battle at scheid after gaining 1000 yards Gen George S Faltons 3rd army men were 3i miles inside Germany at Blelalf but the Ger mans at late reports had kept them from expanding their front far ther Elements of Pattons 94th divi sion completed the clearing of the Campholz woods 3 miles inside Germany and 15 miles southeast of the city of Luxembourg Elsewhere along the 3rd army front the Americans retained de fensive positions and continued active patrol jabs Rain and mist returned to the 3rd army front Rising tempera tures accelerated the mudgener ating thaw 1000 BOMBERS STRIKE BERLIN Equals Biggest Raid on German Capital London heavy bombers more than 1000 strong Saturday struck at military objec tives in the heart of Berlin The Sth air force attack was in direct support of the red army columns hammering at the Oder river line only 33 miles to the distance readily visible from the height at which the American strategic bombers drop heir deadly cargo The Berlin assaull was the major effort of the U S strategic air force but more than 400 other liberators struck at the Brabag synthetic oil plant in Rothensee a suburb of MadgeBurg and at the Vladgeburg freight yards The American heavy bombers dropped between 2000 and 2500 tons of high explosives and incen diaries on Berlin in one of the heaviest daylight assaults ever delivered against the reich capital The huge fleet of American bombers was screened by swarms of Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters in anticipation that the luftwaffe would rise in challenge to the attack Nearly 2500 plane of the Sth air force were ooerating Saturday in excellent flying weather From midmorning until noon the Berlin Achtung service flashed warnings to the Germans every few minutes that groups of allied aircraft were heading for the area of the capital All radio services of the German news agency DNB apparently were affected b the attack After some crossing of beams both overseas and home transmitters either re mained silent or simply sent cal signs and test messages for nearly 3 hours Reconnaissance photo g i a p h show great areas oPBerlin burned out by earlier attacks but othe sections which are known to hav been heavily hit have een hastily repaired All of 103 factories re garded by the ministry of eco nomic warfare as of the highes importance to Germanys war ef fort or economic survival are re ported leveled or badly damaged Bur your Tiar Bonds an Stamps from your GlobcGazctt carrier boy capital which is within sound of soviet guns shelling nazi defenses on the western side of the Oder Zhukovs drive on Stettin 74 miles northeast of Berlin threat ened to cut off great German forces and to open Berlin for an attack from the north The Germans rushed fresh di visions up to the Oder river line The German Military Commen tator Col Ernst von Hammer de clared the western bank of the Oder has now been mopped up of Russian forces after one spear head had won a temporary bridge head near Kustrin Moscow dispatches said soviet artillerymen already were pump ing shells into Kustrin Kustrin and Frankfurt form the last major barriers before Berlin South of Kustrin other Russian vanguards plunged forward from captured Drossen 14 miles north east of Frankfurt and 51 miles ue east of Berlin The fall of this ommunications hub represented le greatest gain Friday for the ussians with a 15 mile plunge might through the heavily re nforced German lines The German radio which has onsistently placed the Russian dvance several miles ahead of joints announced officially by the oviet high command said the ed army was attacking Kustrin nd had reached the Oder river t new points only 38 miles from Berlin in the Frankfurt area The midnight Russian war bulle tin said the nazis were constantly eplenishing their shattered forces ast and northeast of Frankfurt but despitea stubborn resistance vere losing one position after an rther Another column of Zhukovs men coiling northwest around Custrin reached the Oder river at a point 39 miles from Berlin the Germans announced This ad vance threatened to outflank Kus trin and take it from the rear Moscows communique did not confirm that fighting was in pro gress at Kustrin itself It did an nounce the capture of Alt Limm ritz only 10 miles east of the city on the eastern side of the Oder at its confluence with the Warthe A late nazi broadcast said the Kustrin garrison was in close quarter combat with soviet units attacking the town along the northern bank of the Warthe Eight miles south of Alt Limm ritz lies Drossen in the capture of which the Russians bypassed Zielenzig a powerful German pos ition protecting Frankfurt In another 11mile advance the Russians seized Malsow 24 miles east of Frankfurt and four miles south of Zielenzig driving ahead of the lower end of the curving 55 ;