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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU L Associated Freu mat United Press Full Leased TVirei Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 3 1544 HOME EDITION iTTTTTTl iRMANSLOSE 10VNO LUTSK IN OLD POLAND I Stalin Announces 1st and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts Are Joined London JP In a triumphant irder of the day Marshal Stalin loimced Thursday the joining the first and second Ukrainian onts trapping 10 German divi ions after the German high com land had actepwledged the loss f Lutsk Luck and Rovno in old foland Stalinproclaimed the capture of mela rail center in the Dnieper laud and saidthe 2 mighty red italics of Gen Nikolai Vatutin indGen Ivan S Konev had made tains of up to 45 miles in a 100 mile breakthrough of the Ger man lines As a result of these operations troops of the second and first fronts joined up in the area of Zvenigorodka and Shpola iand thus closed a ring of encircle ment around an enemy group op erating north of this line num ibering9 infantry and one tank Stalin announced in his proclamation broadcast from jMoscow it Stalin did not mention Lutsk 70 miles inside the prewar Polish frontier or Rovno 30 miles west of the old border Evacuation of these places had been admitted pearlier in a sweeping acknowl edgement of losses by the German 1 high command broadcast in the daily German communique the north meanwhile the Russians had reached the Narova river within Estonia In the course of the Ukraine of tensive Stalin announced our tttroopscaptured more than 300 popuiatea places These included Zvenigbrpdka Sjbpola IDovfinskaya Svetkova and Jrtor ipnoykav Evacuation of Smela admitted by the Germans last jSaturday I The nazi withdrawal from was surprising since last previous reports from this sector at the eastern front had placed the fighting in the area of Rovno 10 miles to the east and there had een no indication that Lutsk was ret menaced The high commands commu ique broadcast in England by INB said Rovno arid Luxk were evacu ted in the course of embittered K2fensive fighting is the German spelling the Polish Lutsk an Angli vtized form j The evacuation of Lutsk indi I cated that Gen Nikola Vatutins Ukrainian army had advanced 50 i miles in a few days and was in a position to turn the German lines I all along the lower Dnieper river j and throw the nazis into Bessa rabia part of prewar Rumania Two days ago the Germans began reporting a new offensive 50 miles cast of Lutsk Moscow has not yet confirmed the advance British military circles saw no reason for serious doubt although one comment was that I naturally want to hear the Russians confirm U because there is a chance that the Ger mans might report a false with drawal and then claim a recap ture later The swiftadvance threatened completely to nullify Marshal Von I Mannstcins desperate stand jaround Vinnitsa and Uman in the I western Ukraine attacks which have been blocking the Russians from the Bessarabian border 60 to 70 miles away for several weeks Should Vatutin sweep down the railroad from Lutsk to Lwow the estimated 500000 Germans in the Ukraine could be extricated only through Rumania R From Lutsk Valutin also I menaces BrestLi to vsk one of the most important communication centers of prewar Poland and key to the entire White Russian front An earlier announcement by we Berlin radio said the course of German movements on the eastern from Rovno andLuzfc were abandoned by German troops Wednesday The German troops have taken up new positions west of the two towns Although the Russians them have not disclosed a new in this region Berlin re ported Wednesday night that an intensified soviet drive had been launched and said the red army had crossed the middle Gorin liver which tons west of Rovno Farther to the southeast the communique said the Russians were attacking Shcpetovka New soviet thrusts also were reported on the Nikopol bridgehead while southwest of Dnepropetrovsk the nazis admittedly were heavily en Close Trap on THREATEN CORE of Nazis LINE DEFENSES This Paper Consists of Two One Bergdoll Notorious Draft Dodger Freed From Prison Leavenuprth Kans in a government issued civilian suit Graver Cleveland Bergdoll 50 notorious draft dodger of World war I was released Thursday from the Ft Leavenworth disciplinary barracks where he served a 314 year term imposed by a military GROVEE BERGDOLL gaged against advancing soviet tank formations Lutsk lies but 60 miles cast of court A fellow prisoner who was re leased at the same time said Berg doll was met at the gate by his wife in a taxicab Mrs Bergdoll had with her the couples youngest child The 3 left by cab presumably to return to Kansas City where Mrs Bergdoll stayed Wednesday night Bergdoll was received at the prison Nov 8 1940 to serve a term at hard labor for desertfon and escaping from custody He was convicted after returning volun tarily from Germany where he had tied in 1920 He also had a 4yeav term from a previous conviction Bergdoll son oj a wealthy Phil a delphia brewer was 23 when World war I broke out He ignored his draft call and went into hiding spending most of his time at the huge home of his mother Mrs Emma Bergdoll Captured in 1920 he was sentenced to 5 years a hard labor After serving 6 months he received permission to leave the prison camp on the pretext that he buried some gold and wished line miles southeast of Berlin and 215 miles southeast of Warsaw A German military spokesman in a midafternoon broadcast from Berlin said V a dig it up He eluded his guards and sped to Canada sailing short ly for Germany After his voluntary return to at he visits at his mothers home While in Germany he was ed to Berta Frank daughter of a villager They have 6 children gress along alniost the entire length of the eastern front high command to abandon the viog own of Rovno and to lake po sitions farther to the west Lutsk alsowas abandoned s very Difficult to give a aetaUedpirture OatKeryariQus front Lutsk the Polish province of Volhynia is east of the Bug river which forms a por tion of the Curzon proposed by Russia as the basis for a postwar boundary with Po land Thus its capture would place the red army approximately twothirds of the way across the section Poland which the Rus sians expectto hold permanent ly Both Lutsk and Rovno are im portant rail and highway centers with prewar populations in the neighborhood of 3500040000 Loss of Lutsk would mean the Ger mans have lost the use of a major railway from Warsaw to Odessa although a more southern route still is available There was a possibility that the withdrawal from Lutsk meant the Germans already are preparing to take up positions alongtrie Polish Bug river 240 miles from the German frontier for a decisive stand TheGermans also were being pushed back inside Estonia where the red army driving alone the Gulf of Finland west of captured KlogJsepp reached positions along the Gulf of Finland west of captured Kingisepp reached po sitions along the Jfarva river northwest of the ancient seaport of Narva itself This indicated laht the Russians now are battling on Estonian soil While the Moscow advices did not specifically say that the old Estonian frontierhad been crossed the inference was im plicit for the Narya flows through Narva into the Gulf of well inside the for mer border Forty townsn o r t h w e s t and southwest of Kingisepp were cap tured by Gen Leonid A Govprovs Leningrad army Wednesday a Russian communique said They included at the mouth of the Luga river on the Giilf of Finland and Monastirek 17 miles below Kingisepp andja miles from the frontier i Capture of Kingisepp gave Gov orov control of the entire south em shore of the Gulf of Finland Red army troops took a heavy toll of the retreating Germans In Kingisepp sector More than 12W nans were killed theMos cow bulletin said West of the LeningradMoscow trunk rail line Russian mopping up parties killed another 1100 Germans and beat down several savage enemy counterattacks in the Novgorad area where Gen A A Meretskovs Volkhov army wai pushing west toward Lake Pel pus the soviet communique re ported WILL GO TO N T Des Moines Gen A uen Charles H Grain Iowa selective service director will leave Satur day for New York City to partici pate in a 10day naval indoctrina tion course for all stale directors in order to acquaint them fully with naval manpower require ments said Bergdoll had told him he planned to return to his 260acre Des Moines District OPAHead Is Promoted Washington Gil lette D Iowa said Thursday he had been advised of the appoint ment of Rae Waiters as regiona director of the office of price ad ministration in Chicago to succeec Raymond S McKeough resigned Walters is now Des Moines district OPA director in Iowa Americans Battle to Within 500 Yards of Cassino Stronghold BULLETIN LONDON MJR The allied controlled Cairo radio said Friday that 5th army troops have broken Into the streets of Cassiao and that the fall of that naziheld Italian tronghold is expected momentar ily By DOX WHITEHEAD Allied Headquarters In Italy troops had battled to within 500 yards of Cassino from the north Thursday and allied headquarters announced that the core of the Germans Gustax1 line was seriously threatened The Americans and French tore wide gaps in the Gustav line in bloody fighting in the mountains to the rear of the stronghold de spite a hail of fire from German 6barreled mortars and selfpro pelled runs manned by a last ditch garrison fighting from the ruins At the same time other Ameri cans were making a direct frontal attack on the ancient city guard ing the open Liri valley To the north meanwhile allied troops enlarged their Anzio bridge head in the face of desperate Ger man counterattacks and engaged in hard fighting in several sectors One of the German counterat tacks thrown back was just wesl of liittoria With their Cassino front near collapse the Germans were throw ing attacks against the beachheads with increasing strength as new elements arrived in the enemy line in an effort to seal off the most serious threat to Home On the comparatively quiet 8th army front along the Adriatic the allies bad the enemy jumpy anc nervous The nazis were shooting off flares frequently at night ant there was much movement of transport behind the lines German neirybusness frequent offensive Fighting grimlyto haltXt Gen Mark WClarks 5th army at Cas sino the Germans threw in coun terattack after counterattack 01 the American flanks But the Americans and Frencl to the north widened the breach in the Gustav line to 3 miles cap turing several heights near Terelle The Americans crossed the Cas sinoTerelle road and Terelle it self was almost surrounded after the capture of a series of heights on ML Castellone a 2300foo peak where 100 prisoners were taken Cassino faced encirclement the Germans continued to fight to the last man as they gave ever indication of doing The Ameri cans coming down from the moun tains were in a position lo cu highway No 6 o Rome behind the defenders The highway al ready was of little use to the Ger mans since it was under the com Walters whose home is Harlan Iowa formerly operated a render ing plant there A democrat he has been district director since last June He was away from his office in Des Moines Thursday ant not immediately available comment on the appointment The region the sixth of Iowa Illinois Nebraska Wis mand of allied artillery on th consin Minnesota and North and slopes above But threat from ev rowed in the ruins like the Rus sian defenders of Stalingrad They had to be cleaned out o caves and dugouts one by one ii the vicinity of Ml Manna and ou of the Monte Villa barracks to th north of the town From 50 to 100 bombs smashed into wireless installations at Dur azzo on the Albanian coast liveratbrs of the 15th air force sc out to wreck that nazi communi cation center in the Balkans TVIitchells blocked the Appiai way 11 miles south of Rome a Albano and warhawks bombe Cisterna where American troop fought on the outskirts of lha Appian way town In other operations warliawk attacked shipping off the Jugosla coast spitfires shot up trains am trucks moving along the Jugosla coast and night raiders hit Mari bor in Jugoslavia RAE WALTERS OPA Chief Frees Prisoner Who Served 4 Months for Stealing Watermelons Springfield III Gree uas freed a stale farm pris who served 4 months of a 9 month sentence for theft ot 4 watermelons The melons were not stolen with the intention of selling them but for the purpose of eating them the governor said The penalty was out of proportion The prisoner Cleius Womack 23 was ordered released imme diately Kay War Bonds and Stamps GlobeGazette carrier Weather Report FORECAST City Fair Thursday nigh and Friday colder Thursda night lowest temperature i Mason City 15 Iowa Fair Thursday night an Friday colder Thursday night and slightly colder in the c portion Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Coldc Thursday night and extrem southeast portion Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 50 Minimum Wednesday night 25 At 8 a m Thursday 25 YEAR AGO i Maximum 33 Minimum 27 Precipitation 17 Snowfall 50 Clapper Dies Air Crash on Marshalls Washington JPJ Raymond tapper the wellknown Wash igton columnist and political ommentator has lost his life in plane accident while covering e invasion of the Marshalls in he central Pacific A brief navy announcement ere said The commander in chief of ie Pacific fleet has reported that plane in which Mr Raymond Clapper was a passenger en aged in covering the Marshalls nvasion collided with another lane while forming up Mr flapper was in the plane with lie squadron commander Both lanes crashed in the lagoon here were no survivors The exact time and place of ie accident were not given Clapper long associated with he ScrippsHoward newspaper yndicate left here on Dee 28 oing to Honolulu and Australia nd subsequently joining the Fa ific fleet He was 51 years old a native of Ann county Kans and attended he University of Kansas before loing into newspaper work His vife and 2 children live here He began his distinguished ca eer as a reporter on the Kansas City Star in 1916 later joined the United Press in and was ssociated with that organization in assignments in Milwaukee St aul New York and Washington ecoming chief political writer for Jnited Press and manager of its Washington bureau Clapper subsequently became a pecial writer for the Washington 5ost and went to the Scripps loward newspapers in January 936 as columist and political commentator He was a former honorary president of Sigma Delta Chi the national journalistic fraternity and one time head of the capitals Gridiron club He was the authoi of the book Racketeering ir IVashington As recently as last Friday Clapper said in his column ap pearing in ScrippsHoward news papers through the United Fea ures Syndicate that he felt his Pacific assignment was a success Kcause he had been able to ob tain a jungle knife for his young son William Raymond In characteristic human interes the wire lessed of jneettng an1 pi UhitiMrpress Huh Clement somewhere in New uinea and said him a very thought ful thing happened to me All the way along I had been trying to et a souvenir I once went to Hollywood and returned home vithout having seen Shirley Tem ple and I hard a hard time squar ing myself with my children were then small This time I ha peen ordered to bring back a iungle knife for my son I was having no luck at all is everybody was fresh out o knives But Hunt disappeared and brought back with him Lt F C Robinson Tacoma Wash an after we were introduced Robin on handed me a branclnev iungle knife which Pacific assignment n success a far as I am concerned Clapperbecame a notable figuvi n Washington journalism He es tablished and maintained a re markable association with th great political figures and late withthe military leaders of ou times He was assigned here dur ing the latter part of Woodrov Wilsons 2nd administration anc was on the job through Harding Coolidge Hoover and thus fa with President Roosevelt From the Hardin front porch campaign through the Scope monkey trial the oil scandals na val conferences the political con ventions 1st 2nd and 3rd deal the covere them all adding always disiinc tion o himself and to his profes sion Clappers colleagues were re membering things about bin Thursday in the offices where h had worked and was so we known The purple burst of pro fanity when things went wron and the quick soft word of apolog a moment after There was th time he sat for some 13 hours die tatinga running story from th press box of the 1932 democrat national convention and could no be persuaded to leave his chair He was essentially a shirt sleev journalist although the countr boy from Kansas did become polished cosmopolitan figure H lived in one of the most emphal ically modernistic homes in Wash ington Yanks Closing in on Heart of Jap Forces on Marshalls Lipstick Kisses Are Barred From VMail Chicago kisse may furnish just the right trim fo Valentine letters and they ma look good on some not on Vmail The army has note that such kisses create smudges o other letters For that reason say Maj Orman V Rowe lipstic traces have been barred from V mail Thus the best kisses for V mail are still made with cros marks x x Buy War Savings Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazett carrier boy NO J CAPTURE ROI S troops of the forces in vading the Marshall islands in the Pacific have captured Roi island of the Kwajalein atoll and its welldeveloped air strip Landings have been rnade on other parts of the Kwajalein with action progressing favorably Limiting of U S Ballot to Overseas Use Wins Support Washington a quick shift of strategy senate administra iori leaders agreed informally Thursday to accept an amendment o pending service vote legislation which would confine use of a iroposed federal war ballot y to members of the armed forces overseas Senator Lucas told a reporter he and othersof like icus would not oppose adoption of a revised amendment by Sen ator Danaher which would make state absentee ballots vatlable to most military person nelin this country The Danaher proposal would re ain the federal ballot for service men and women overseas andalso absentee ballots lo all men and women in uniform A coalition of republicans and iouthern them many of the men who beat thc administrations first war ballo proposal 2 months into the senate with their substitute proposition Wednesday The plan united in one camp the opposition to the GreenLucas proposal The substitute would retain th federal ballot but would authorize its useonlywhere the states fillet country whose states failed to pro vide adequate absentee voting fa cilities Lucas said the amendment would be accepted with an addi ional proviso that if a service man did not receive a state ballot which he had requested he could so state in an affidavit and then could use the federal ballot Danaher said he planned to re vise his amendment to add this provision Senator Taft one of he leaders in the fight against he administrations federal ballot proposal said he did not believe adoption of the Danaher amend ment would change many votes on substitute proposal which he antl some southern democrats are sponsoring The senates division on the lat ter proposal admittedly was so lose that administration leaders Lalked of the possibility of at tempting to get Senator Glass D to come to the chamber from a sick bed to vote Glass has said he is fqr the administration bill Administration senators spurned as meaningless a proposal by republicans and southern demo crats to substitute state for fed eral ballots states which mailing to the armed forces in time It would do no more for the soldiers than would the states rights bill now pending in the house declared Senator Lucas coauthor of the Green this November et them ready lor in Lucas bill to send uniform federal forabsentee voting ibj June Senator Byrd DVa an nounced the governors of 41 state said they either already hod o would make adequate provision ii time The substitute proffered b Senator Taft got a coo reception froin both sides of the soldier vote controversy in the house which may vote Thursday on a bill foleave the entire ab sentee voting job up to the states Although the service vote issue appeared to be at the showdown stage in the senate there was littl likelihood of a final vote befon Friday At the suggestion of Majority Leader Barkley DKy the son ate agreed to limit each speake to 20 minutes after 2 p m Thurs day REPORT DEBRIS LITTERS NAUR AND ROI ISLETS Troops Win 4Runway Airstrip to Aim New Assaults on Other Isles By MOK5ISLANDSBERG Associated War Editor American fighting men moving iwiftly against the surprised Japa icse defenders closed in on bomb avaged Kwajalein atoll Thursday n a successful flanking assault on he heart of the mandated Mar hall islands Marines who captured Kol islet mopped up on enemy remnants on adjacent Namur as the mid Pacific invasion campaign swept nto the 4th day Soldiers of the 1th army division seized at least i third of Kwajalein islet on the iotilheru and opposite end of the Jiff coral atoll Eyewitness accounts pictured Soi and Namur as littered with the wisted smoking debris of in lenselybombarded installations ind with the hundreds of Japanese soldiers But Roi gave ihe Americans a 4rumvay air strip to aim new assaults on oth er enemy bases where the Nip ponese apparently had expected the Marshalls invasion blow to fall Landings on Namur and Kwaj alein islets brought to at least 12 the number of beachheads estab lished about Kwajalein atoll Ten of these were set up on the open ing day of the invasion Landbased army and navy bombers showed no letup in thi systematic neutralization qt the eastern Marshalls cham ak grpuad forces fought foe controlqi excellent anchorage Naiis Report Tokyo Anticipates Prepares for Attacks From Air London DNB broadcas from Germany Thursday quotec the mayor of Tokyo as declaring that officials ot the city antici pate and are prepared for nir at tacks We are using not only the ex perience gained through the bomb ing of Berlin and other Germni cities but above all our own prac lical lessons learned from hi great earthquake o 1923 he wn quoted as saying Along with obvious air rain protection measures there also i a systematic dispersal of thepopu lation of this city of 8000000 mention in Wednesdays Pemrl1 Harbor communique of any Japa nese sea or ailopposition As yel no lasses among the hundreds of ships in the U S in vasion fleet have been reported and Admiral Nimitr let it be knoivn that troop casualties were It is now apparent that the attack took the enemy completely by surprise the central Pacific commander said The weak re sistance at Kwajalein asidefrom attesting to the effectiveness the preinvasion bombardment indicated the Japanese were not prepared to make a stand on the western line of the Marshalls Associated Press War Cor respondent Alva Dopking who landed at Namur with the ma rines said the Japanese must have deluded themselves into be lieving that we didnt have the power or the heart to knife at the center of their stronghold Roi was invaded Monday and its airstrip fell 4 hours later New landings were made the following day on Namur and Kwajalein islets The fall of Kwajalein and with it some 30 dependent islets appeared imminent f Allied forces made new proK rcss in he southwest Pacific of fensive against Madanff Japa neseheld key lo northern New Guinea Australians in the Ramu valley reported less than 35 miles soulh of the bin base On the coast Japanese troops fled into the mountains in an attempt to escape an allied pincers Many L LEAD INVASION OF are the men who are leading the invasion of the Marshall islands first time invasion has been attempted of any territorythe Japa nese held before Pearl Harbor Left to right they are Vice Admiral R A Spruance com mander of all American forces engaged in the giant assault on the Marshalls Maj Gen Harry Schmidt of the marines who commanded troops which seized the first beachhead in the Roi island area and Rear Admiral R K Turner commander of all amphibious operations ;