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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, February 03, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 3, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES MOUE5 I A THE MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY J o 131O lAHCK CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS TT OKE NO 100 100 BLOCKBUSTERS STRIKE COLOGNE JP y JapUb Fleets Skirmish Off Solomon Is IPS Food ifiwinia KNOX DECLARES FORCES FEEL HIT STRENGTH Navy Declares Nippon Claims of Sinkings Are Grossly Exaggerated WASHINGTON major sea battle involving what may be the largest United States naval force yet to right the Japanese in the Pacific was indicated Wed nesday in a report from Secretary Knox of preliminary skirmishes with an enemy fleet off the Solo mon islands The Japanese fleet steamed toward the southeast Solomons last week apparently in a new effort to regain those important south Pacific islands far the secretary of the navy told a press conference the fighting has been a process of feeling out onboth sides Knox described as incorrect any assumption in a navy communi que Tuesday night that a major engagement already is underway In that communique the navy re ported the increased activity on the part of the Japanese indi cated a major effort to regain control of the entire Solomons area The communique Knox said might better have told of the increased activity and added this could be an indication of enemy effort to regain the area V It is not true Knox said that a great big fight is going oh There are a lot of prelimi nary dispositions and preliminary moves But there is no really pitched battle as yet He asserted that the Japa nese in making reports of a sea battle in the Solomons area were on a fishing expedition and replying to inquiries about the extent of the fighting tiled the communique and declared Youll have to be satisfied with that The outcome o hc seaair fighting which may mark the cru cial point in a long struggle for control of the south Pacific archi peligo remained in doubt here but the navy said both sides have sui fered losses In a communique late Tuesday the navy explained details were withheld because their disclosure at this time would affect adversely future operations in the area Knox added that in the Solo mons area generally there is a longtough hard fight ahead of us Of Guadalcanal itself with its allimportant Henderson airfield Knox said that were in complete possession and control we com pletely dominate the Guadalcanal area Replying ID comments in Aus he might have been too optimistic the secretary said he felt that after personally viewing conditions he was in a better position to judge the situ ation than anonymous spokes men in Australia Referring again to the reported seaair battle Knox said that the action might lead to a major en gagement but that any such a U S Fleets Skirmish Off Solomon Isles SAYSPOHTCTO INVADE EUROPE WERE TAKEN UP PILOTS FOR F R Pilots of the Clipper ship in which President Roosevelt flew to his conference with Pr me Minister Churchill at Casablanca review the flight on a globe at their New York City base Capt Howard Cone Kih d yi ge the fying boat wasassisted by Capt a series of air and sea fights had been under way for several days Reports from Australia indicated that Gen Douglas MacArthurs planes were taking part in the battle by raiding enemy bases on New Britain island Until the direction of the Japa nese movesbecomes more defi nitely known Authorities said their immediatestrategy cannot be determined Their general purpose undoubtedly is to maneuver de fending American forces into such positions that heavy reinforce ments can be delivered to be leaguered Jap troops on Guadal canal The latest battle is the seventh of Ihe Solomons campaign which began with American invasion the GuaualeanalTulagi area Aug 7 the previous six however only three involved forces pro portionate in size to the indicated strength of the fleets noiv en jaged The three largest previous battles were one fought con siderably eastward of the Solo mons Auff 2325 the battle of Santa Cruz islands Oct 26 and the battle of Guadalcanal Nov 1315 The American high command has felt certain all along that sooner or later a new enemy of fensive would be launched and Secretary Knox made it clear late m November that American plans were being made accordingly A i Wednesday naval statement was based wholly on indications Ashed if he still felt as he said in a Pearl Harbor interview Jan 29 that the Japanese had given up efforts to reinforce Guadalcanal he said that he would stand on that statement A navy spokesman asserted however that Japanese claims of having sunk two battleships and three cruisers and of having dam aged another battleship and cruis er were grossly exaggerated At the same time he described as an understatement the Japs claim of having lost only 10 planes While the limits of the battle lone were not clearly defined the navy said that the extent and fnry ol the Japanese actions Indicated that a concerted new effort retrain control of the southeast Solomons had been undertaken A Tokfo report broadcast Monday fixed the scene of one action as the vicin ity of Rennel island about IM miles south of Gnadalcanal but that was without confirmation The Japanese said the Rennel engagement was fought Friday and Saturday but this too lacked confirmation information from American sources being only that Authorities said that a considerable undoubtedly had been concen trated in readiness for the thrust the Japs now have mtulc The Japanese these authorities said would normally expect such a concentration and would try to put against it an even laraer num ber of ships The Japanese choice of Guadal canal as their objective again ests that they are still concerned primarily with an attempt to reach the string of island the New Hebrides Fijis andSa guard the com munication lines to Australia Their investment in the Solo mons to date has been extremely high and their return to that area offers another proof that they never quit short of their own de struction As against 28 Ameri can ships lost prior to the present battle they have had 57 ships sunk 7 probably sunk and 101 damaged Their loss ot planes in combat alone totaling 732 has been estimated at four or five times that of the American forces Nazis Report Turkish Minister Received Ambassador Von Papen NEW YORK Berlin radio reported Tuesday that Franz von Papen the German ambassa dor to Turkey had been received by Turkish Foreign Minister Nu man Mencmenioglu The broadcast was recorded by the Associated Press Von Papen was reported to have been seen skiing near An kara the Turkish capital while the conference between Prime Minister Churchill and President inonu of Turkey was in progress on Sunday REDUCE NEXT COFFEE RATION WASHINGTON fice of price of administration Wednesday reduced the next cof fee ration from one pound every five weeks to one pound every six weeks Stamp No 25 the next coffee stamp in war ration book No 1 becomes valid on Feb B and will be good for the purchase of one CQfree through midnight Stamp 28 valid since Jan 4 ex pires at midnight Feb 7 OPA said reduced coffee inven tories in the hands of wholesalers and retailers made necessary the reduction in the next ration The egepcy said an increase in military requirements for ship ping and the need for maintaining imports in strategic war materials were m part responsible for the reduced inventories for the next ration period Charge Violation of Rent Ceiling Prices PES MOINES petition Germanys Greatest Single Military Disaster Recorded as Stalingrad Battle Ends Allies Turning More Strongly to Offensive in Tunisian Campaign ByJAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor The battle of Stalingrad took its place Wednesday as a possible turning point in the war as the Russians announced the collapse of the last resistance there with 503650 killed aiid captured in the greatest single military disaster in the history ot German arms That toll since the start of the red armys counter offensive in midNovember a v i 1 y out weighed the total Ger man casualties of Verdun blood pool of the first World tvar Added to the uncounted thou sands of dead who paved the way for the German thrust to the Volga late last fall the price the Ger mans paid in vain probably sur mcunted the loss of both sides at casualties As the shock of the loss came home to Germany the Rhineland thundered with a ruinous 20min ute night attack in which the RAF loosed 100 twoton block busters and incendiaries by the thousands oi Cologne laid waste last May in one of the British at tacks VS COMBAT FORCE REPORTS SENED CAPTURED On the Tunisian front an Amer ican combat force captured Sened and has dugin a mile east of the town nassy 33 miles from the Tunisian east coast where the axis stand in Tunisia might be pinched in two An allied spokesman said that the American thrust originally had been reported prematurely as a raid but that the which had planned to withdraw was instead holding its ad vanced positions A communique said two days ol attack against strong German pos itions at Faid Pass north of Mak nassy had been unsuccessful The spokesman said the action there had been broken off tem porarily after a fierce attack by American armored forces failed to dislodge the Germans from artil lerysupported positions on heights dominating the westward ap proaches to the pass The Germans seized the pass over the weekend in a six mile thrust through French defenses Allied bombers blasted air dromes at Sfax setting fires vis ible 30 miles Fourteen enemy planes were destroyed Tuesday and the night before the com munique said and 13 allied planes were lost Buy War Savings Bonds and stamps from jour carrier boy damages for alleged violation of rent ceilings was filed here Tues day In the action Mrs Helen Larsen and Mrs Frances Haase accused Mrs Mary Wachterof charging a month above the OPA ceiling of last March 1 for a threeroom apartment The plaintiffs asked 200 damages and attorney fees troops broke into axis positions in the central scclor of the Tu nisian front but reported that the gap had been closed by a coun terattack There was no confirmation from the British eighth army or an Al giers radio report that its patrols were operating in the vicinity of Ben Gardnnc axis airport just in side the Tunisian border and at about repairing a bridge and ford vital to allied transportation near The enemy had dynamited both in retreating and tried with bonlbs and shells to prevent their being repaimt asan But the men stripped to work in the rivfr stopped only to carry out their casualties such as the man pic tured here who had been hit by a bomb fragment Mafmala west of the Mareth for tifications A Cairo communique announced the occupation of Zclten 15 miles west of Zuara and said the eighth army was in contact with retreating axis forces between Zelten and the frontier less than 20 miles to the west NAZIS BROADCAST EPITAPH TO LOST GERMAN ARMY The Russian high command an nounced the end of lie 1G2 clay siege of Stalingrad in a trium phant special communique which said the last of he Germans sur rendered at 4 p m Tuesday It reported 91000 prisoners taken since Jan 10 when the Germans rejected an ultimatum to surren der This added to 100000 Ger mans killed announced by the Russians last Sunday and 173000 killed and 137000 captured an nounced Dec 31 as the toll since Nov 19 The German radio broadcast an epitaph for its sixth array which Adolf Hitler hurled at Stalingrad at the prompting of his left there as the price of his pride The Berlin broadcast said the last radio message from the rem nant of the army signed off with Heil Germany heil our fuehrer The German people were of fered this dubious consolation The nazi claim that the victory cost the Russians 300000 dead The cleanup freed powerful red army forces to reinforce the drive axis troops sUll were reeling back toward Krasno dar and the Black sea Rostov at the gateway to the Caucasus and the southern front bastions of Kharkovand Kursk The Russian midday commu nique announced the recapture of IS more towns in he light ening arc around Rostov and five more west of Voronezh In the thrust west of Voronezh the Russians were reported ad vancing steadily beyond Svatova to within 27 miles of the rail cen ter of Kupyansk In the Caucasus Russian col umns which captured Korenov skaya were within 37 miles of Krasnodar while others batllec within 40 miles southeast of Ros tov Caught between these offen sives a German force of perhaps a quarter of a million men withdrew in what the Germans admitted was a steady toward the dwindling corridor of land escape at Rostov or toward the narrow strait of Kerch for escape to the Crimea Nash Says Casablanca Parley Pretty Well Settled Landing Places WASHINGTON Walter Nash New Zealand minister said Wednesday that President Roose velt and Winston Churchill had discussed at Casablanca whether to strike at Germany from the Mediterranean or the whole At regions Nash talked to reporters after leaving tile first meeting of the Pacific war council sfnce the president returned from his his toric North African journey He said the time and place for invading Europe could not be pub lished in advance ol course since it would be valuable information for the enemy lo know but that it could be said the Casablanca meeting discussed all possibilities and which was the best place to strike first It was pretty well settled Nash added with further refer ence to the possible point of In vasion He described the Atlantic coast asthat region from the top of Norway to the bottom of the Bay of Biscay Describing the president as optimistic than he has been the New Zealander added You can strike another opti SULLIVANS ARE CARRYING ON Visit Vice President and Mrs Roosevelt WASHINGTON up nnd courage high Mr and Mrs Thomas F Sullivan of Waterloo Iowa told Vice President Henry Wallace Wednesday they were carrying on as their five missing sailor sons would want us to do Beginning a tour of war plants m the hope their fortitude in their time of sorrow might inspire workers to maximum production efforts the Sullivans were wished Godspeed by Wallace after an earlier call on Mrs Franklin D Koosevclt who pronounced the projected tour a grand idea Mrs Roosevelt was wonder ru Mrs Sullivan said She nought it was fine of my hus band to go to work immediately after receiving word our five sons missing after the sinking of the Juncau last November Sullivan a freight conductor said he felt it was not right to lay off and delay departure of us train and that he hoped to convince war workers they shouldnt lay off either The Sullivans will visit plants at Baltimore Thursday Philadel phia plants Friday spend Sunday n New York and then on next Monday to meet the Rogers family of Bridgeport Conn whose own lour navy sons are reported miss ng two on the cruiser Juneau After a rest in Waterloo they vill journey to Portland Ore for he dedication on Washingtons birthday of a navy tug in honor of their sons Germany is going to do to her but what ls going to happen to Finland if she is on the wrong side Ice Gorge Breaks Dike dney Highway Flooded SIDNEY section of highway near Sidney was flooded Wednesday as an ice gorge in the West Nislma river broke through a halfmile of dikes near the high way and river water flowed over hundreds of acres ot lowlands Heavy rains fell all over the countyTuesday night Canned Food Rationing to Be March 1 ByIRVING PERLMETER WASHINGTON The can opener will yield to the cook book after midnight Feb 20 From that time until March 1 when rationing starts there will be no canned fruits or vegetables sold Frozen fruits and vegetables dried fruits not dried vege and canned soups and canned baby foods also are in cluded in Jlie order issued Tuesday by the office of price administration With the armed forces and lend lease taking in some categories halt of the canned goods put up the government has ordered ra tioning to assure everyone a fail share fruits and vegetables will not be rationedXand one of the goals of the program will be to compel people lo do more real cooking and less canopening Home canning also will be en couraged because sucli goods will not be counted against ration cou pons Rationing will be by uojnls 48 points per person in Hie month of March regardless of age or occu pation Since canned baby foods are also on the list babies will get the same ration points as their elders Ill persons requiring spe cial diets will beable to get them on medical certificates Restaurants and other public eating places will be limited on canned goods but under present plans will not collect ration cou pons from their customers To bouse wives one big prob lem will be that of planning a month ahead For instance at 8 points per person a family of three will have 141 points lo spend in March lolt orpackageon the new ration list point value List of values wont be made public until after Fcb 20 The first losk of householders will be to inventory their pantries as of midnight Feb 20 Hesults of the inventory must be reported to HEAVY ATTACK IS COMPLETED IN 20 MINUTES RAF Drops Thousands of Incendiaries on German Metropolis urtc heavy force of RAF bombers Tuesday night attacked Cologne Rhineland in dustrial center droooinc inn twoton blockbuster bombs on an average of one every 12 seconds or less and scattering thousands of incendiaries in the exploding It was he 112th raid on the city which last Slay was the iirst German center to feel Hie weieht of a 1000plane raid in a single niKhi The principal targets include the factories which tun out Diesel entines ana batteries for submarines he Humboldt Dcutz motor works allli ihe Mauser arms Indications that the RAF was following up its night attack with a daylight raid on some part of the continent came before noon Wed nesday when several strong for mations were heard crossing the Strait of Dover toward Calais The heavy roar suggested that the for mations included bombers The foray was the first against Cologne since last Oct 15 and the entire load of explosives was dropped in less than 20 minutes Five bombers were missing aft er the raid an authoritative Brit ish announcement said indicating hat a flight of 100 of the RAFs biggest planes made the foray Since the 1000bomber raid on May 3031 last year in which factories were more or less seriously damagedgreat efforts nave been made to repair as many of these as possible the state ment said Repair work ot Cologne has been more intense than anywhere else A number ot the factories were engaged in work connected the clerk who will issue the rnI on way or another with a sub tion books during tlic six days beI marine campaign ginning Feb 22 There willbe 1500000 of these clerks stationed in schools church es and other public places One adult will register for the whole family witzer Is hrst War Casualty of Mclntire hasbeen re ceived from the war department by Mr and Mrs Earl Switzer that their son Pyt Vernon killed in action Switzer n New Guinea on Christmas day Switzer had been in service since Jan 3 1942 and is the first casualty re ported in this vicinity FAVOR PAY INCREASES SIOUX CITY UP Municipal and state employes in a mcetiii here Tuesday adopted a resolu tion favoring increases in pay tor municipal officers in citi 75000 or more The nrosress of the repairs was interrupted by the raid of Oct 151G and last nights at tack should have valuable re sults in this direction The October raid was the last sortie m force upon the historic city that had become an indus trial and rail center A force described as hundreds of fourmoigred bombers made Cologne the focus of an assault on the industrial Rhineland and the British reported losing 18 planes in the attack Great fires were left in the wake of the as sault Tuesday nights raid was the lllth made by the RAF on Co logne The RAFs saturation raid on Cologne look place last May 30 nnd figures from semiofficial lo an1 sources computed Ions after re nounce that he would retire from j amnaissaHcc and ufidcrciound public life at the end of his prcsreports from the affected term provided a basis GILLETTE WONT BE CANDIDATE Announces He Will Not Seek ReElection WASHINGTON IfP Senator Gillette paused on his 64th birthday Wednesday to lash out at government officials who arc too reluctant about admitting errors of decision and in cities of Weather Report FORECAST MASOIf CITY Rain Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night changing o snow flurries Cold er Thursday forenoonwith oc casional snow flurries and fresh winds Lowest temperature in Mason City 25 IOWA Light rain in the southeast and miNed rain and snow in the northeast Wednesday afternoon Occasional vdry light snow in me west and north portions Wednesday night Slightly colder late Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon snow west portion and moderate snow east portion Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Occa sional light snow Thursday forenoon Slightly colder Wed nesday night and Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 33 Minimum Tuesday night 27 At 8 a m Wednesday 32 Snow slush 5 inch PrecP 17 inch The mercury went above freez ng Tuesday night for the first imc since Jan 22 when a maxi mum of 41 was registered YEAR AGO Maximum 05 Minimum j haired dapper lowan whose he declared in an interview io admit an error of decision with A Free French report last sum the result that measures to for type of ocean going vessels Emphasizing he was not a cin nioate for reelection next year Gillette a conservative democrat who has been at odds often with the administration expressed a desire to go back to the farm Hitler Friend Charged With Draft Evasion LOS ANGELES fed eral bureau of investigation an nounced Wednesday the arrest of Gottfried Karl Hein 39 San Francisco bund leader and per sonal friend of Adolf Hitler and his companion Augusta Catherine Clauss 31 Hcjn was arrested on an indictment chavgim him with evasion of the selective service act Miss Clauss was accused of violating the enemy alien act in a presidential warrant day night than in any of the pre vious raids on Cologne Elmer Davis to Resume Broadcasts on War WASHINGTON Elmer Davis is going back on the air with weekly 15minutc broadcasts on the war situation Davis a ra dio commentator before he became director of the office of war in formation announced he would begin the broadcasts as soon as arrangements with the radio net works now under consideration arc wdrkcd out FLAV SALARY BOOSTS SIOUX CITY Ppians to give salary increases to all teachers at the beginning of the next school year were announced Tuesday by line Sioux City board of ;