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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 3, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MARLON C MIST UEU A 0 E P T OF 1 0 tt OES fcOl THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 3194T MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT U1US PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE JJ Of TWO SECTIONS nn SECTION ONENO 98 SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS WAGE LAW A 1 11 w IZ Aid Bill to Involve U S in War Fish Says SABATH CLAIMS MEASURE WILL PREVENT WAR La Follette Testifies Daladier Expected U S to Send Money Men WASHINGTON AP Representative Fish RN Y opened opposition debate to the aid to Britain bill in the house Monday with a predic tion that the United States will be involved in war in Eu rope and Asia within six months if the measure is ap proved without change He also predicted that the government would take over vital industries that civil rights would be suspended and that we will have a dictatorship in America comparable to the nazis and communists Fish spoke a few minutes after Philip P La Folletteformer gov ernor oi Wisconsin had testified before the senate foreign rela tions committee that Edouard Daladier former French premier Jiad told him in 1933 that France expected the United States to aid it with money materials and men La Follette said he had called on Daladier in March 1933 and asked him just what aid they expected from us hesitation the witness recount ed that they expected money materials and men And he said that we are going to need them and expect them soon Fish was the first republican speaker after Chairman Sabath DIH of the house rules com mittee formally opened a week of debate on the measure with the assertion thai it was purely a defense measure rather than a war bill I am absolutely certain anil positive that this is not a war measure but a bilt 0 prevent war Sabath said It is tiurc v a defense the defense oi lie United Slates Senator Johnson RCil asked La Foifelte whether the French expectations have been justified by events The money and materials are in this British aid La Fol lette replied and f have no hes Jtancy in saying that the presi dent would be justified in regard ing his legislation not as an au thorization but as a mandate to carry out the full implications of entrance into war Previously La Follette had old the committee that the legislation i would rest in one man the deci sion over peace or war in thi country1 He declared hat the bill also defines weapons of war so broadly as In include virtually every piece of property in this country and allows the presi dent lo acquire this property and dispose of it o foreign countries on any terms he sees fit This bill La Follelte contin ued confers the most far reaching grant of power ever proposed for one man i With his brother Senator La Follette listening at the committee table the former governor declared that the logical consequence of American foreign policy would be the convoying of shipments to Great Britain He added If the convoy ot shipping de manded by the British public docs not involve us in it is difficult to see how any other consequence is on exactly the same logic md rea soning shall be urged and yes expected to go lo war when nur Hessians arc exhausted and cin fight no longer alone La Folfette said he used the word Hessians in the sense that the British now are fighting our battle as Hessians fought for Brit ain during the revolution I wantto underline my he witness continued to those who not selfishly but unwisely would launch this nation on a course whose only logical out come can be out total involve ment in war in Europe The house plunged into an orai toncal battle royal Monday on the Rush Planes to Training Centers fac administrations historic bill to supply allout aid to Great Brit in Administration leader mani festing unshaken confidence in the outcome kept energetically at their faehindthelines campaign lo guarantee victory for the islation by the weekend without major alterations and with a substantial majority Well before the navel fell to open the debate Representative Bolanfl the democratic whip disclosed that his aides had occn busy for days can vassing party sentiment Al though no formal poll was tak en he predicted house approval for the is by a com fortable margin Discounting such adverse fore cases opposition forces led by Hepresentative Fish RN Y were primed for a determined fight to curb the loo broad heir which the bill would confer upon President Roosevelt As specific objectives thcv sought to have the bill changed to limit the cost of British aid to 52000000000 and lo cut Ihe lend Icasc program to one year instead of two as now provided Rousing as the house battle promised to be all signs pointed to a more intense fight when the measure reaches the senale One blunt foe of the program Senator Nye RN Dak dismissed as entirely meaningless the feu changes the bills supporters made in it before bringing it to the house floor and he asserted anew that senatorial opponents would strive with all our power to defeat the whole bill Petain Seeks Settlement of French and German Deadlock Some Quarters Think Crisis Connected With Invasion Preparations The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Monday night and Tuesday slightly warmer north east portion MINNESOTA Partly cloudy not so cold east ami central Monday night Tuesday fair somewhat warmer extreme cast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 31 M 15 ByUNITED PRESS A new crisis arose Monday as Great Britain went on the alert against an ex pected early nn7i allout attack on the British IsJci There was belief in sonic quar ters that the French crisis was related to German preparations for the attack on Britain Hitler it was believed desires to bolster his advanced striking forces in France to the greatest possible strength before launching his big offensive Marshal Henri Philippe pc tain sent his most trusted col laborator A it m i r a 1 Francois Darlan to Paris Monday in an apparent effort to brine an end to the deadlock in FrancoGer man relations German quarters intimated and press of Germancontrolled Paris stated flatly that only the return to power of Pierre Laval case ousted vice premier would the growing tension and make ne gotiations possible There were suggestions that Laval might reenter the cabinet as head of a triumvevate under Petain or that he might be named the agent of the Vichy govern ment to handle all dealings with Germany Whether Petain would yield lo such a solution was not certain There were some suggestions that Darlan might be snubbed at Paris by Otto Abclz Adolf Hitlers agent unless he was prepared to otlcr full restitution lo Laval V As Darlan entered negotia tions at Paris a French news paper published an interview in which he was quoted as declar ing the French fleet would de fend itself against attack from any quarter and protect the overseas French empire against any challenge He said flatly that the fleet would slay under French control This assertion appeared to be a flat answer to the constantly recurring report that Germany is anxious to obtain the fleet and FRANCOIS OAKLAND in Paris French bases on both shores the Mediterranean in order challenge British sen power there Pressure on the Vichy govcrn Frcnch capital At Ihe same time Admiral William D Leahy United Slates ambassador focusscd attention on the French troubles in the far cast He called on Foreign Minister Pierre Eticnne Flandin to discuss reports that the Jap anese seek vast rights in French Indo China including the use of the halffinished French naval base at Camranb Tension in the far east was in creasing generally as Japan clearly was moving to concentrate her at tention on expansion in the south Pacific a move which brings he more and more in conflict will f 11J V 11 U I I mcnt for a settlement with Gcrests iillint ritish and United States inter Mackenzie Doubts If U S Can Do Much Before Swords Cross in Battle of Ages By DEWITT MACKENZIE News Analyst Secretary of the Navy Knoxs statement before the senate toreign relations committee that he is eravelv con cerned as to whether we are too late to save Still since he left il to us lo figure out for ourselves there are useful deductions which we can make from the situation When Senator Nye asked the secretary whether we can act in time to save Britain if this a w I u 1 crisis predicted for the near future comes to pass Colonel Knox replied Frankly I dont know I am tremen dously u r ncd The crisis lo which the sen of course Ihe offensive against ERITREAN FORT IS CAPTURED BY BRITISH FORCE Italians Reported in Full Retreat Along Ethiopian Frontier CAIRO Egypt iff British forces occupied Bavcntu strategic stronghold in Italian Eritrea Sun day after the town uad been many is increasing A rival po litical body has been set up at Paris as i challenge to Petains new oneparty regime and it was learned that as many as 100 po lice officers have been arrested in the Paris area on charges of sympathy with Gen Charles dc abandoned by its defenders Brit ish headquarters announced Mon day On lie northern sector of the Eritrea battlefront Mondays war bulletin said British forces pushing beyond captured Agorcral about 40 miles north of Barentu were pressing hard on the heels oi fascists retreating toward Cheren miles jn side Eritrea and 50 mlies north west Asmara the Eritrean capital British troop were reported taking many hundreds nf pris oners The fall of Agordaf announced Sunday after two days sharp fighting capped a scries of week end successes claimed by the British on all fronts of the far flung African war zone In northern Ethiopia the Ital ians were reported in full re treat toward Gondar closely pursued by fast British mech anized units while intensified patrol operations were said to have caused a scneril falling back of fascist forces on the bomaljlaud frontier In North Africa the British said the concentration of their lorces west or captured Derna was pro ceeding smoothly presumably in preparation for an assault on Bengasi capital of eastern Libya The Italian high command Sunday reported hard fightin around Agordat and the area to the south in which fascist war planes were said to have partici pated ceaselessly with attacks on British ground forces Action in Libya was limited largely ID aerial operations the Italians sniri Germans reported their combat planes in the Mediterran ean on Saturday attacked with great success several harbors on the North African coast serving as British supply bases Three merchant ships were said to have been sunk nnd three others dam aged The Italian high command also reported that on Friday Ger man air units sank a IOOODton ship in the port of Bardia one of the Libyan strongholds the Brit ish have won from the Italians Capture of Affordat where the Italians were said lo have offered stubborn resistance placed Ilic British about 70 miles from Asmara and 100 miles from Alassaua important Red Sea port Agqrdat 80 miles from Ihe MacKENZIE ator referred is Projected nazi JHilJJlsl rn1 y alr and by submarinc coupled will im attempt at in vasion Since the Germans have promised it and the British be lieve it is coming l see no rea son why we should quarrel with me probability Further concrete indication of how seriously the Britons regard the situation is u be seen in the big daylight aerial attack agaimt the nazis Sunday by the Royal Air i orce The raiders devoted their assaultto the channel ports which not only but will unleash the invasion fleet if and when the Germans strike The urerency of the position is shown by this during reversion to daylight raiding which has been avoided by both sides for many weeks because of the heavy casualties suffered when the protection of the cloak of nichl is lackiiiE The point in at tacking by day is obtain ffrcafer accuracy in bbmbinff since locating objectives and shooting i he iark is hazard As regards whether we are in lime to save Britain it looks to me like this The help which we already have given England may be sufficient to enable her to meet this im mediate crisis Thais on Ihe knees of the gods Many neutral ob servers believe she has a chance to win but most of them also realize fully that Hitler may be able to cut loose an avalanche that will crush her quickly If the aid which we already have sent to Britain isnt to save her in the blitzkrieg then as I see it she is finished banin one America should decide to grant the British desire for further naval aid or urn over to them a sec tion if our readymade air fleet In nthcr words the bailie of llin aKcs is about to be joined ami there isnt much more we can dn in the way of production and shipment before lie swords arc crossed But that isnt Ihe whole story if Britain is able to meet the fierce shock at the height of the e crss with Die resources which she al ready has on hand then a stream of fresh supplies from America might indeed enable England to hurl the enemy back and proceed of and by rail A town with normally a population of about 2000 it also is strategically im portant as the hub of a network of motor highways leading cast west north and south A terrific aerial bombardment paved the way for the capture of the town by British and Indian troops British reports said Within a few hours after its fall the British said their mechanized units were in close pursuit of the retreating Italians who were re ported withdrawing toward Keren 40 miles east Military circles in Cairo sail that the British proRress from Ayordal toward the Red sea might be slowed however be cause of the hilly terrain which lends itself readily to defense toward the ultimate winnin the war Thus if il is decided that we are to pursue the allout program of aid the matter of speed on our part is still 0 the utmost import ance It isnt so much n qucsttion of saying England n the immediate crisis as pulling her through alter the crisis has been met Weeks Leader of Orchestra Recovering After Auto Accident MARENGO Ic h t r a leaner Anson Weeks was reported improving Monday at a Marengo hospital from injuries suffered when a bus in which he was rid ing with members of band col lided with the wreckage of two trucks Weeks suffered a fractured left arm and head injuries Five other Prsns lwo of tnem members of Weeks orchestra were hurt slightly in the accident Saturday Hospital authorities feared that the multiple fracture of Weeks arm may hamper his piano play LOOK INSIDE FOR KGON L S IIANFSTAENGI Son of Exiled Nazi Leader Joins Army PACE a Corn Show Institute Will Open at Garner PACK s REAR ADMIRAL PEOPLES DIES Native Icnvan Handled Purchases Running Into Billions of Dollars WASHINGTON Ad miral Christian Joy ti4 who as head of Ihe procurement division of the treasury handled purchases running into tiie bil lions died Monday of pneumonia I He was born at Creston Iowa He was retired for age last No vjpmbciand since con nected with ihe Todd Shipbuild ing corporation His last govern ment assignment was ucneral in spector of the navys siippiv corps on Ihe west coast Admiral Peoples became an en sign in the navys supply corps in 1900 and advanced through Die grades to the rank of rear admiial in 1317 His exceptionally World war service in feeding and clothing the navy won him the Davy cross Bora iii Creslon Oct 17 1876 Peoples was 24 when through competitive examination he en tered the navy as an assistant pay master During the war ns chief ot the navysbureau of supplies and CHILD LABOR IN U S RULED OUT WITH DECISION Constitutionality of Hour Measure Given Unanimous Support WASHINGTON AP Constitutionality of the fed eral wage hour iaw was up held Mojulay by the supreme court in a unanimous decision which apparently save the government power to abolish child labor without adoption of the long ponding constitu tional amendment The hijjli tribunal specifically overruled a 1918 opinion which had held unconstitutional a sta tute prohibiting lie interstate transportation of child made goods V V This decision should be and now is overruled asserted the opinion delivered by Justice Stone Provisions regulating child la bor are contained in the wage hour act which fixes minimum pay and maximum work week for em ployes in interstate commerce The proposed child labor con stitutional amendment was sub mitted to be slates b3 congress in 1924 II has not yet been ratified by the required threefourths the slates Justice Stone asserted1 In the wagehoiu decision The act is sufficiently definite to meet constilional demands One who employs persons without conforming to the prescribed wage arid hour conditions to work on goods which he ships or expects to ship across state lines is warned that he may be subject to the criminal penalties of the act No more is The opinion van on a challenge of the farreaching legislation by Fred W Darby operator of a him account he worked such civiliai groups as the war indus tries board ber company at Stalesboro Ga In another important decision bearing on labor matters the court held that officials of the carpenters union are not liable for prosecution under the Sher man antitrust act for activities growing out of a jurisdiclional quarrel with another union In still smother labor case the court upheld an order issued un der the wagehour law fixing a minimum wage or 32 cents an hour for textile Justice Stone delivered the opinion on a challenge of the or der by a group ot southern cotton mill No dissent was announced in cither case CHR1STIAX JOY PEOPLES Hear admiral dies Woman 20 Executed in Germany as Spy BERLIN Ruth Schubert uer 20 of Hildesheim the first woman to be executed in Germany Vhis year died on tlie scaffold Monday blowing conviction of charges of espionage Karl Schappcr 62 who vas convicted of high treason was aehcaded at the same time Three persons were executed last montii on charges of espionage The justice department had asked in the wagehour con stitutionality case that the su preme court overrule the 1918 child labor decision and the 193Guffcy eoal act Those de risions held that manufacturing and mining were subject to state and nnl federal control V V Justice Stone iid that the rioc irine enunciated in Hie 1036 Guf Icy coal Hocion was limited in principle by later supreme court decisions Referring ii he child labiMde cision in the famous iane ot Ham nur vs Diigeiiluut Justice Stone saici I that rase it WHS held by a bare majority of the court over be powerful and mnv classic dis sent of Jlr Justice Holmes selling forth the fundamental issues in volved that congress was without power tn exclude the products child labor from interstate com merce The reasoning and conclusion of he courts opinion there cannot bp reconciled with the conclusion which we have reached that the power of congress under the com merce clause is plenary to exclude any arlule from interstate com merce subject only to the specific prohibitions if Iho constitution The inmlusion is inescapable Stone added that Hammer vs Itaccnharl was a departure from the principles which have pre vailed in the interpretation of me commerce clause both be fore and since the decision and that such vitality as a prece dent as it then had has long since been exhausted H should be and now is overruled The opinion on the carpenters activity bore vitally on the justice departmentscurrent antimonop oly campaign which has been di rected at union as well as business firms Such strife between competire unions Justice Frankfurter said ni the majority opinion has been an obdurate conflict in he evolu iion socalled craft unionism ;