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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI FHM wd Bolted Pim YuH MASON crrr IOWA WUDAY FEBKUABY z 1945 tbta Fwr COMiKj Two Strtlco OM NO II INSIDE WASHINGTON Navy Surgeon Generals Wife Teach Blind Br HELEN ESSJUtf Central rresj Ccluubt Vice Adm Ross T Mclntire surgeon general of the United States navy and also special physician to the president of the United States has a friend ly and charmingwiferPolly Polly Mclntire is popular wherever she goes Particularly so at the hos pitals where she has been work ing with convalescent war vet erans who do not know her name and important place in the capital Mrs Mclntire is an expert on Braille and has helped teach men witheye wounds to read with their fingers To one of these last war victims she said the other day Im sorry I cant come here but once a week I have a lot to do somewhere else The soldier disappointed at the prospect of losing Mrs Mclntire demanded to know what work could be more importantthan helping him and his kind if you insist said the enthusiastic Polly am house keeper for Adm Mclntire I cook for him I sweep dust and mend his socks and buy his food SMASH ACROSS ODER Yanks Converge On Manila From 2 Sides OUTFLANK JAP LINES Humph thoughtfully said the soldier Is that so Well if you do all that work why dont you divorce your husband and marry the old goat Note Adm Mclntire is a handsome fellow and one of the youngest admirals in the navy Hardly more than a kid He is the story on himself with much pleasure H The army intelligence is natur ally empftatic in urging everybody in its to be careful not to say anything that could pos sibly give information to the en emy That there are spies in Washington is accepted as a fact A contingent WACs training in the capital for military intelli gence was warned so many times to be cautious in their conversa tion Hhat when one of the WACs was given 2 dogs the corps chris May Already Have Reached Manila Bay General Mac Arthurs Head quarters Luzon UPJ American tanks and infantrymen converged on Manila from 2 sides Friday Thecapital and the entire Japa nese defense system in southern Luzon were outflanked with a surprise landing 13 miles below the mouth of Manila Bay Amphibious forces of the U S 8th army knifing into tbe enemys thinlyheld west coast defenses for the3rd time in 48 hours swarmed ashore early Wednesday at Na sugbu Bay 11 miles southwest of Manila I The landing was completed tened the Shush hounds Hush anfl An informal estimate of the parties incidental andcoincidental to tthe inauguration indicated that persons went tosome fHiirt Washington inaugural celebration The fivertenthsr or half a person referg stp the man Who was sliced m 2 trying to get inside a revolving door There iare those criti cs who might say there are not 99087645 residents of the capitalThere fore this number is exaggerated To explain many capitalites and visitor guests ot caoitalites went to 5 and 6 parties a day on Friday Saturday and Sunday respective ly What was eaten and drunk at these parties by the hungry thirsty millions Ah theres an other matter The white house food was quite properly meager But some of the others particu larly the big Saturday eve feast of Democratic National Committee Chairman Robert Hannegan served such lush buffets and such sparkling still evil whisky that the republicans are pointing with pride to these menus Ha they say This serves the country right for electing a demo crat again I mean a new dealer Where does all the money come i from And what about the black market At the white house luncheon however I heard several anti new dealers say while glaring at their spoonful of chicken salad At least if youd have let the republicans in you would have had something to eat at an in augural luncheon Mr Lincoln must have been right You cant please all the peo ple hardly any of the time The white house is settling down after its weekend commo tion The mud dropped from in augural visitors feet has been swept out And the last damp ball of paper napkins has been picked up Among the linen napkins there is only one missing I heard a luncheon guest say as he grabbed the napkin froma messy plate This here goes straight in my pocket Its my first souvenir of Washington The white house wont see this no more without loss and at last reports the Americans were advancing in land through weak opposition at a pace that may already have car ried them to the shores Manila Bay within artillery range of Corregidor The new thrust broke open the back door to Manila already menaced by US 6th army veter ans moving down from the north The 6th armys 37th Buckeye division was reported 20 miles or less north of the capital on and probably beyond the Angat river line below Calumpit Gen Doujlas MacArthurs com munique said the 37ths patrols were operating freely throughout the area indicating that the Japa nese were nuking no attempt at a determined itond avl Caught between the 2 American columns the Japanese in faced the prospect of retreating southeastward around the shores of Laguria De Bay within the next few days or being trapped and annihilated inside the city Their only other alternative was a flight to Corregidor for a death stand on The Rock As the battle for Manila moved into its final stage there was fierce fighting in the foothills of the Zambales mountains 50odd miles to the northwest where several thousand Japanese were being bombed and shelled their hilltop positions just west of Clark field and Fort Stotsenburg At last accounts American Planes and artillery were cutting the enemy force to pieces with an almostcontinuous bombardment clearing the way for an infantry assault to dislodge tbe Japanese survivors The communique said another 60 enemy artillery pieces of vari ous calibers had been captured or destroyed in the Fort Stotsenburg area in addition to those already reported the 18 mile wide base of Bataan peninsula from the recaptured Olongapo naval base at the head of Subic bay Vanguards of the eighth army were reported near ing Dinaluhipan 13 miles east of Olpngapo where they were ex pected to seal off the peninsula by joining sixth army forces moving down from Lubao 10 miles to the northeast Far to the north other sixth army forces beat down savage Japanese opposition northeast and east of the Lineayen gulf beach leads An enemy columnwas am mshed and destroyed on the Um inganBalunKao road near the eastern end of the American line Che Japanese suffered heavy cas ualties and eight of their medium anks eight artillery pieces 15 vehicles and many supply irucks were destroyed or cap tured In the upper Agno river sector 10 miles north of Unungan Amer ican troops drove lour miles east of Tayug to the Nativad area while three miles farther north they captured San Nicolas after a six mile advance eastward from San Manuel American heavy bombers dropped 152 tons of bombs on Cor regidor and the Cavite naval base in Manila bay while other raiders swept the enemys road lines and airfields in northern Luzon de stroying five grounded planes at Loag and Taguegarao aircrromes and sinking a small freighter and eight barges off the islands north coast Fishierescorted PT sank another coastal vessel two barges and tivo small craft in a sweep SENATE GROUP DELAYS VOTE ON MANPOWER Agrees to Centralize Control of National Service Under Byrnes Washing toft senate military committee voted Friday manpower Mobilizer around the coast of Luzon American destroyed Considerably weaker resistance faced the U S eighth army spear heads advancing eastward across to centralize coercive controls under War Byrnes but delayed until Satur day a final vote on its adoption of limited national service legisla tion The house in passing I Is bill Thursday to keep men 18 to 45 in essential jobs or force them to take such jobs under penalty of induc tion fine or imprisonment pro vided that the controls should be administered by local draft boards The senate committee however adopted a series of amendments which Chairman Thomas b Utah said would have the gen eral effect of giving Byrnes of fice overall control The reason for that Thomas said is that it is deemed by everybody that this is a national endeavor and should be directed by a national institution Thomas told reporters after the closed committee session that the bill probably will be reported fav prsbly Saturday but better nndeneore ESCAPED FROM BEHIND NAZI LINES IN YUGOSL AVIA U S air force combat crewmen who escaped from behind iiazi lines in Yugoslavia are shown as they arrived safely at a U S air field in Italy on their way to a replacement center The men are Lt Carl H Voss of Philadelphia Sgt Harold Sykes of Stelton N J and Sgfc Fred A Dodge of West Point Pa They are wearing blankets given them by the Yugoslavs Yank French Troops Storm Into North End of Col mar By JAMES M LONG Paris and French troops broke into the northern end of Colmar provincial French capital 40 miles south Strasbourg at noon Friday after clearing 30 miles of the left bank of the Rhine and laying siege to the light sweep by e r other raiders set fire to 10000 tori enemy tanker south of the Sakish ima islands Tokyo broadcasts recorded by FCC Monitors in New York said Japanese submarines torpedoed and probably sank two large American transports agd an oil tanker off the west coast of Luzon Tuesday and that an American submarine was sunk by air action somewhere in the western Pa cific Chicago Health Columnist Dies Chicago Irving S Cut ter 69 health editor of the Chi cago Tribune and former dean of Northwestern university medical school died Friday at Passavant hospital where he had been arpa tient several weeks Cutter was known as an advo cate of moderate living a pioneer in urging airconditioned eomMitteriS TOJeft with bridge from a mile away At 6 p m supreme headquar ters said the allies had reached the center of Coltnar and were fighting in the streets On the central front where the American first and 3rd armies sector The house passed its to 165 Even before the senate commit tee met there had been indica tions of a movement to centralize authority House military committee mem bers who wrote the measure men tioned this They said they under stood the war and navy depart ments and the WMC were backing the drive Such a move said Chairman Waterloo Boy Acts as Human Gun Mount With U S 7th Army attack on a 45th division company command post was beaten back recently with help of a machine gun fired from the back of Cpl Willard Gabriel Waterloo We had to fire the machine gun out a window Gabriel ex plained but there was nothing to rest the gun on I slung the barrel on my shoulder placed my self at the window andjold one of the boys to start shooting The lowan was a success as a human gun mount Although out numbered the Americans had ac counted for 16 Germans killed 6 wounded and 15 captured by the time the clash ended ings as a health measure and was credited a leader in bringing the battle against syphilis into the Damort SFabian Daoupan SAN FERNANDO May DKy of the house mili tary committee will be resisted when the bill goes to conference to compose any differences be tween the 2 branches of congress The House specifically and em phatically refused to give the WMC broad authority over the job movements of men Italso rejected but only by a 10vdte margin a proposal to sub stitute a voluntary manpower re cruitment plan for the coercive features of the May measure hrough lines of dragon teeth bar ers 4 miles east of Krinkelt No lermans were found Thursday ight but Friday morning mortar irewas encountered The 8Znddivision took tiny ientiof at the southern cdft of in the line vision advanced 3 eastward toward the village of Schoonesci feca 10 miles inside Germany and 20 southwest of the Important traffic center of Euskirchen German defenses however were stiffening The doughfeet crossed the Ger man border south of Monschau and fought into the streets of Un derbreth a village in the Sieg fried line itself Nearby Rams theid and Neuhof were captured The Germans started fighting from some of the thick concrete pillboxes many of which had been abandoned The best weather in 10 days al lowed hundreds of fighter bomb seU The Vcipture wav quarter mile advance just after daylight North of the 40mile section of he Siegfried line under attack a 7mile string of the fortifications Iready had been captured This tart of the line extended from lorthwest of the Roer river town f IJnnich to the Monschau sector outheastof Aachen At points opposite the Ardennes mountains the 3rd army had ad vanced 4 miles into Germany roops neared Belialf 6 miles rom Prum and 3 inside the reich the controversial anti closed shop and antidiscrimination amendments so bitterly contested the bill represented a triumph for the democratic leadership A breakdown of the house vote showed 65 republicans and one minor party member joining 180 democrats in favor of the bill Lined upin opposition were 116 republicans 48 democrats and one minor party member Briefly the bill authorizes the director of war mobilization to designate essential industries and empowers local draft boards to freeze into existing jobs or to or der into more essential work all men of draft age Failure of a man to heed a draft board direc tive could result in his immediate induction or in a 510000 fine and 5 years in prison The legislation provides appeal procedure requires draft boards to give meiv a reasonable choice of employers and allows payment of travel costs for men taking as signed jobs away from home It also gives them reemployment priorities in their old jobs pro tection from mortgage foreclos ures and other obligar tions if the job shift impairs their financial condition Bay Tour IVar Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ALLIED CAPTIVES FREED LUZON GAINS and circle locate Cabuwhere an American raid ing party struck behind enemy lines on Luzon to free 513 alhed captives from a Japanese prison camp Arrows indi cate American drives to clear Luzon heavy lines show penetration Latest major gainsare the capture ofOlpri gapo and Subic Bay and art advance to Calumpit north of I Manila Another allied force made a landing Thursday No Shadow for Mr Groundhog Mason Citys official groundhog beat a hasty retreat back in his hole Friday but there was no doubt about Iowa will have an early spring The little furry fellow came out yawning early in the morning only to find the ground covered with a fresh inch of snow and more coming But despite practi cal indications to the contrary the old prognosticate said that spring would be early this year Reason No shadow Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy ers to batter German railroads While the Americans were ham mering the main Siegfried fortifi cations at several paints south ol the 31mile Aachen gap Gen Eis enhower and Lt Gen Omar N Bradley commander of the 12th army group completed a mysteri oos 24hour conference on cur rent operations The fact that supreme headquarters made the announcement appeared to be a lip that something was brewing A dispatch from Field Marsha Montgomerys 2Ist army group headquarters in the north saic there were indications the battle for the Siegfried defenses in the Monschau sector would be heavy and long German guns in the double line of fortifications increased shelling of the Americans who were ad vancing through deep slush Thi guns had been mostly quiet unti the assault troops reached main defenses which were unde incessant bombardment from large American cannon North of Strasbourg Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs 7th army troops who fought across Mo der river contained a Germa tanksupported counterattack in side Oberhoffen Another raidin force crossed the Moder betwce Haguenau and fechweighouse an inflicted heavy losses Continued thaws slowed some what the American 1st and 3r army onslaughts along a 40mile section of the Siegfried line op posite the erased Ardennes bulge Despite their apparent weakness in the line the Germans still were moving troops eastward and allied air power late Thursday banged at Rhine bridges and railyards to disrupt the flow toward the east ern front The Americans widened their stand inside Germany by captur ing Laudesfeld 6 miles east of St Vith JTid a little more than 7 from the heavily fortified rail center of Prum The U S 3rd army advanced up to 2 miles inside Germany beyond the Our river below St Vith cap turing Heckhuscheid Grosslang enfeld Winterscheid and several other German hamlets west of I Prum The 1st and 82nd divisions of the 1st army resumed their prob ings of the west wall to the north and found a few pillboxes manned The 1st division went APPROVE INCOME TAX FORGIVENESS Legislature Passes Two Expect Blue to Sign SUBS SINK 10 ENEMY VESSELS Navy Announces Actioh in Far Eastern Waters Washington States submarines have sunk 10 more en The navy announcing this Frl emy vessels in far eastern waters day said the toll Included Z me dium cargo transports 2 medium ankers 3 small cargo vessels a large transport a medium trans port and a small tanker The announcement raised to 9B9 the tola of Japanese ships sunk by submarines including 104 combatant and 885 noncom batant ships Submarine sinkings announced since the first of this year have totaled 65 ships including 5 com batant vessels a cruiser a de stroyer and 3 escort craft U Ssubmarines lost from all causes since the start of the war have totaled 36 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with occa sional light snow and slowly rising temperature Low Friday night 15 Iowa Cloudy with occasional light snow or freezing drizzle Friday night and Saturday Rising tem peratures Minnesota Cloudy with occasion al very light snow south and central portions with some freezing drizzle southwest por tion Friday night and Saturday rising temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 13 Minimum Thursday 7 At 8 a m Friday 10 Snowfall l Inch YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 28 Precipitation Trace ture completedactldnoa troversial state income ftaxibill Friday by approving a measure extending for2 more years the present 50 per on tax payments The bill now goes to Gov Robert D Blue for his expected approval The house payed the way for final action by voting 88 to 16 for the 2year extension of the 50 per cent rate and the senate a few minutes later placed its stamp of approval on the bill with a 44 to 2 vote The senators opposing the mea sure were Ralph W Zastrow R Charles City and J Kendall Lynes both among the supporters of the Iowa Farm Bureau bloc urging 100 per cent tax payments The the bill last week extending the halfrate for 3 more income earned in 19444546 Subsequent to that action the house ways and means committee had approved the 50 per cent forgiveness for 1944 in comes only Owing to the differences In the bill as passed by the 2 chambers the measure had to return to the senate for its consideration of the house provisions The final vote in the house came after the representatives voted 63 to 42 to make the extension for 2 years instead ot one as recom mended by the ways and means committee Gov Hobert D Blue said in his inaugural address that he favored no additional taxes and no new taxes during the war emergency While he since has declined to amplify his position he has said that anyone who wouldread his entire address would know his po sition on the forgiveness contro versy Those in favor of continuing the forgiveness summed up Iheir ar guments in the house as follows The state treasury already has a sizable surplus federal taxes are burdensome and the 50 per cent ZHUKOV FORCES ON BOTH SIDES OF FRANKFURT Report Assaults on Kustrin Fortress Abo Underway London The Germans re ported Friday that powerful Rus sian forces massing along the Oder east of Berlin were trying to smash across that last big bar rier before the capital in the streets of which the terrified civil ians were throwing up barricades The German high command clamped a blackout on news from the sector as one military com mentator told of the attempted crossing in the area at Kustria 40 miles east of Berlin Berlin radio accounts said Mar shal Gregory Zhukov had brought up strong forces the Oder on both sides of Frankfurt and that assaults to reduce the fortress of Kustrin were underway The German communique how ever completely omitting mention of the sector said the1Russians everywhere else except in East Prussiahad been checked after hard fighting and Moscow dis patches said Zhukov had run into thick minefields and a hard shell of German armor along trie 90 mile front threatening the Ger man capital Declaring the capital could and would be defended Hitlers news paper said German armed forces are in a position to build barriers which the enemy who has crossed the Oder with very email forces only cannot even threaten Heavy fighting raged on a line from the area of Glogau on the Oder 115 miles southeast ot Bery lin to Kustrin in trie angleol the Oder andrWarthe easVanoY thejrituatioriat Germans Thursdaysaid sians drove into that highly tified point and reached the Oder just to the northwest in a sector 30 to 40 miles from the capital The Germans declared they had thrown the Russians out of Kus trin and that thousands of Ger man men women and children were being rushed io tbe east to dig a great system of trenches to make Berlin a bloody disappoint ment for the Russians Moscow dispatches reported however that Zhukov was work ing to bring up stronger forces was massing his infantry and storm guns close behind his tank spearheads and that the storm ing of the Oder is not too distant a project Fires raged in the threatened capital from an RAF night bomb ing heightened the confusion of the city and Russian ranged the roads from planes Berlin jammed with traffic bound for the front Although the Germans declared the Russians had been thrown out of Kustrin 40 miles from Berlin they referred to this as the first attack and Indicated that strong soviet forces might have been brought up for a full scale assault This centuries old town with its fortress built by Frederick the Great was within range of the guns of the Russians for the 2nd time in its history Moscow ac counts said The Russians stormed it in the 7 Years war The Russians now were inside Germany in Silesia Brandenburg and Pomerania on a front But it was the 375mile Germans who told of the closest approach to Berlin By Moscow account these were the distances of the red army from these immediate objectives on the Berlin front 11 miles from the sector southwest of Dnhrincs hof This would be about 51 miles from Berlin and the nearest ap collections produced nearly as proach vet reported in Moscow much in the last 2 years as the full rate tax did previous to that Those who wanted to let the tax go back to 100 percent or who wished to extend the forgive ness for only one year said the time to prepare for adversity is in the time of prosperity that if greater stnte aid is given to schoolsand state institutions are permitted to majce long overdue improvements the forgiveness must be held to not morethan one year Proponents of school code legis lation would increase the annual state aid to schools by about S12 000000 a year and the board of control and state educational in stitutions also want many lions for improvements mil CUT MEAT RATIOV Canberra Australia Minister John Curtin Friday an nounced a reduced civilian meat ration scale beginning Feb 26 be cause of a decline in production I as a result of a long drought dispatches Zielenzig in the Warthe Oder to 5 miles from the re on west ot Gleisen The Germans reported the Russians in the Zie enzig area several days ago Sternberg 7 miles south of Zie to 8 miles from west of Lagow Furstenburg on the Oder about 15 miles south of about 20 miles from the Griesel area Crossen on the Oder 30 miles southeast of miles from the Leitersdorf salient Moscow dispatches however said soviet tanks had knifed be tween these hot points and won significant victories The spearheads therefore were considerably closer to Berlin than the 51 to 80 miles indicated by these positions It was through these holes Moscow said that the most men acing threat was developing with some advance units perhaps with in 15 miles of the fortified city of ;