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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1944, Mason City, Iowa V s NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF H I ARCHIVES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWAHS NEIGHBORS VOL L Press and United Prcu Full Leased Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 2 HOME EDITION fimri SEVERAL MILES Of GUSTAV LINE ARt DESTROYED Allied Invasion Troops TJirbw Back Counter Drive Near LJttoria By EDWAKD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers and French troops joriverging north of Caasino have lorn away several miles of the lazis strong Gustav line and are Idvancing deeper in a grim slrug tle allied headquarters an nounced Wednesday To the west on the Anzio Bridgehead allied invasion troops fiirew back astrong German Jeounterattack w es of LHtoria by tanks artillery nd advanced in some areas British troops are fighting bard Luear Campoleone only 16 miles ttelow Borne and American units ire at grips with the enemy near 2isterna 14 miles northeast of A headquarters officer vde pared the Germans still are rebuilding up a large force nearthe and a heavy counter may be expected Allied reinforcements are pour ing into the beachhead now 14 miles long and 8 miles deep on the average with some prongs running considerably farther in land t On the main oth army front i American and French troops are fighting side by side as the spear heads of their attack join in the area above the bastion of Cassino They advanced a mile seizing more heights and O S unite now are within a mile of Terelle some J5 miles northwest of Cassino rFrench forces took 100 prisoners and Americans caplurec 50 more A battle nowis raging on Mt Manna southeast of Ter elle aud German pockets in nearby areas are being mopped UP American troops attacking be llihind tanks entered the northern half of some old Italian barracks near Cassino transformed by the j Germans into a bulwark of the fj Gusta v line and took priso ners I pushed to I within Points Needed for Groundhog Chicago of the most ssential things to know about roundhog day is that the ground hog makes good eating and re uires no ration points Otherwise he groundhog doesnt have much o offer particularlywhen it omes to weather forecasting This being groundhog dayMiss rOraine Lloyd specialist on ro ents for the ChicagoMuseum ot Natural History put the ground wg in his is a hole n the ground The groundhog she said is no orecaster Hes only a first cousin o a rat Miss IJoya offered this thumb nail sketch of thegroundhog He and the woodchuck are the ame animal He is an aceom lished hibernator and during the time he spends in the ground he comes closer to death than any other animal His temperature drops to just a bit above freezing His heartbeat sows and he sleeps When the weather warms up a t the groundhog feels it in his jole and comes up for a look If the outside world still feels too cold he goes back for a nap He doesnt know whether it willbe 6 weeks or 6 months until spring He makes a Being about as big as a terrier with a head resembling that of a rat He can whip a dog in a fight and can climb a tree if he feels like it And he can whistle at a shril pitch which some people think is melodious The superstition that spring is still 6 weeks away if the ground log sees his shadow on Feb 2 is something you cant blame on the groundhog Miss believes hat started among slaves in the deep south rbut fife squads left jn the town to 5 Slelay the allied advance and den vise of the main road to Rome i highwayNo 6 passing through I Cassino Evidencing the intensity I fishtins on the Cassino front 1 French Gen Paul Devinck chie I of Gen Henri Girauds persona Ii staff said French losses in 2 I months in Italy had equaled thei flosses for the entire Tunisian cam paign Devinck returning after a Yfct front said imporlan hadbeen inflicted 01 the Germans but the French hat 1 suffered higher losses j No additional details were an pounced on the bridgehead area Sighting The sector there in alliet hands is smaller than the Tobrul chunk in Africa which was hek in the western desert for 7 month in 1941 before being relieved Radio France at Algiers said the main coastal railway supply ing Germans in the Cassino are had been cut by allied force which battled their way to Camp oleone A Berlin broadcast estimate 250000 men were engaged 01 both sides in the Kalian bridge head One hundred allied gur are lacing a single German di vision alone another broadcas said i V The part of the Gustav line nea I f X7assin6 through whicn the allie have smashed consisted of dug outs pillboxes minefields an barbed wire entanglements on th slopes running down to the Rapid river Farther back were observa ft lion posts fromwhich the nazi poured down accurate artillery fire Tne 8th army won position jjbpmmanding a crossroads jus f southeast of Tollo 5 miles inlan from Ortona 16 REPUBLICS IN RUSSIA GIVEN ADDED POWERS Can Deal Directly With Other Countries and Raise Own Army Units Moscow 16 individual within the soviet union vere empowered to deal directly vith other countries and raise heir own army units under a historymaking plan adopted unanimously by the supreme sov Consists ot Two NO Ill et Russian parliament Tuesday night after a 4 hour debate The proposal was placed be fore the su preme soviet by Foreign Com missar Vyache s 1 a v Molotov who told the delegates that it marked a new step forward in the solution of the nationality question thd problems ot the numerous na tionalities in the soviet union MOLOTOV Headon Railway Crash Injures 3 Hear Clear Lake Three men were slighliy injured when the crews of 2 enginesof the Milwaukee road were forced to jump before a headon collision a the Clear Lake Country club golf course 17 miles west of Clear m Tuesday Theengines drawinga ligh extra 802 west bound were badly damaged Two cars of the freight also were badly damaged Creivmen who were injuref were AW Kleinow Mason City fireman oft the light extra who received a sprained ankle T E Raffertv fireman on No 94 who received slight injuries to his hip and S E Steece Spencer headeni brakeman on the way freight who received a wrist injury They were aken to a physicians office in Clear Lake treated and late taken to the Park hospital in Ma son City The collision occurred at a point where the Clear Lake Country club golf course crosses the Mil waukee tracks The castbound train was on a grade and the west bound engine was coming through a cut when the crews jumped Bouncing apart from the impact of the crash the engines came to a stop about 75 feet apart The tender and cab of the light extra telescoped and the first car of the freight was demolished A car loaded with shelled corn also was damaged Investigation is being conducted by the railroad companylinto the cause of the accident Traffic on the road from the west was held up Tuesday night No 22 eastbound night train for Chicago was dctoured at Spencer bjr way of Des Moines No 11 westbound morning train was de layed on account of the accident A Wrecker arrived at the scene of the accident from Sioux City and began the work1 of clearing the tracks Officials of the road expected the way to be cleared by 2 p m Wednesday so that the eastbound No 22would be on time Wednesday night The road bed was torn up somej what and would need repairing according to officials and was made possible through the successes of the soviet union as a whole in the war against the invader1 The reconstruction involving revision of the 1936 constitution gives each republic its own com missariat of national defenseand foreign affairs Some idea of the effect of the changes was provided by Dr Jo hannes Vares president of the Estonian republic who asserted in approving the plan that the diplomats of the national republics Revelation of More Facts Is Awaited by Hull Washington of State Cordell Hull asked about the soviet unionsdecision to give each of its 16 republics an inde pendent voice in foreign affairs Wednesday advised questioners to await revelation of all considera tions relative to whatthe USSR Honor Among 1st to Reach Tarawa 5th of a series of community receptions for local boys returned from combat duty was staged at the school audi torium here Tuesday night with Marine Pvt Lowell Bud Koci son of Mr and Mrs John Koci residing near Grafton the spe cial guest of honor The program presided over by be Rev L E Sarchett was ighted by an interview talk by vt Koci in which there was a detailed description of the beach head action at Tarawa in the Gil rt islands in which the Graftou boy was 1 of the 20 survivors of the first wave of 760 Ameri can invaders The interview with Pvt Koci vas conducted by Earl Hall of City following a brief talk by the Mason City editor In an swer to questions the marine traced his service since enlistment a year and a half ago The arm wound which hospital ized him and resulted in his pres ent extended leave for convales cence occurred several hours after the Tarawabeachhead had been established He was on sentry duty out ahead of his comrades foxhole line As the moon came up out the bay he related I heard some movement and saw some forms out beyond me Although a machinegunner Iwas armed at that time with a Browning Themove had observers as aneffort to obtain for Russia a stronger hand at the peace table and to matclvthe votes which the United States and Brit ain could muster in any postwar world organization Hull told his press and rpdio conference that he had only seen some news reports which appear to indicate that it was a matter within the exclusive jurisdiction oj the soviet government will be guided in their work fay the general principles of soviet di plomacy N M Pouomerenko secretary of the communist party in White Russia Alexander Bogomlets president ot the academy of sci ences of the Ukraine Latvian Representative Wilhelm Lazis and Eustace Faleekis president ol the Lithuanian soviet republic also indorsed the plan Lazis asserted that the Unilec States still recognized the olc fascist regime of Latvia anc sad Latvias position was not un derstood abroad despite the 1940 plebiscite by which it was joinec to the soviet union Nikolai Gretchuka president o the Ukrainian republic declarec that certain western neighbors ot the Ukraine had unjustificc claims to part of its territory am asked the soviet government to bear in mind the desires of the people in handling this question He evidently referred to the so vietPolish border problem In a 48 minute speech outlin ing the plan Molotov said i demonstrated the strength of thi soviet onion adding that no every state would make such a venture He declared that na tiona units of the red army pre viously had lacked full opportu nity for national development anc said that now they can be pu on a firm footing GET 10 MARSHALL ISLE BEACHHEADS automatic When I thought the right time had come I let go with 4 clips And in the exchange I was struck in the arm by either a 25 or a 31 caliber bullet It went through my arm and lodged in the butt my gun I dropped down in my foxhole and waited out the night When all other means of stopping the blood flow failed J packed a lot ot coral sand into my improvised bandage around my wound That I think saved me frohi bleeding to death Three other service men home on leave in the Plymouth com munity were introduced and spoke briefly These included Don Harmon Keith Efclers and Eu gene Ward The crowd which filled the school auditorium to overflowing was made up mostly of Plymouth and Grafton people but there were representativesifrortua halfcdozen otljiar NortrL Bblan andMasbrTCity The program was opened with a concert by the Plymouth high school band under the direction ot Adrian Stevens himself a high school student The invocation was by Father C A Ferring of Manly the benediction by the Rev Paul Hegstead of Plymouth Musical entertainment included numbers by a womens quartet from Grafton consisting of Mrs Roy Buechele Mrs Armond Walk Mrs Leo KerchgoHer and Mrs Walter Wagner with Mrs John White Jr at the piano Solos during the evening were given by Bob Molsberry his sis ter Pat Molsberry aiid little Jun ior Hedegard Billy Hunches and Margaret Peterson and a chorus directed by Dorothy Hunches pro vided one of the hit attractions of the evening Mayor Ren Snell presented a specially made key to the city to Pvt Koci and as a closing event on the program a well fillefl purse was presented to him by Mr Sarchett withthe explanation that he didnt know how much was in didnt want to know Such n purse of indisclosed value has been presented on 4 previous like occasions to Donald Wilford Harold Pedclty Harold Buell and Howard Hedegard These welcoming receptions fol lowed a giant memorial service held for Lelaiid Factor Plymouth boy killed in the Jimmie Doolit tle raid over Tokyo Food for the buffet supper was provided by those participating in the feed The kitchen detail in charge was drawn from the wom en of the Free Methodist church Buy War Savings Bonos and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy RONGELAP WO THOS AILUK S AIUNGLAPALAP 50 STATUTE MILES WHERE YANKS HAVE left indi cate Kwajalein atoll and Roi island where U S troops have made initial landings in their invasion of the Mar shallislands Underlined Jap bases were heavily pounded by a U S naval task force prior to the landings Americans Open Heavy Assaults on 3 Major Japanese Strongholds Pear Harbor T H of 30000 U S ma rines and armj troops in a 500mile amphibious jump along the invasion route to Tokyo have seized 10 islet beachheads m the Marshalls and begun major assaults on the main strongholds of Kwajalem Hoi and Namui1 islands front dispatches revealed Wednesday Swarming ashore under the protective fireof the largest naval striking force ever assembled assault troops quickly established their ootholds in the Kwajalem atoll Monday against light or non existent resistance More than 40 Japanese were slain and a num ber captured while American casualties were extremely light The Japanese stunned and decimated by a record 11495ton aerial and naval bombardment Invasion Is Made by Back Door Route JAPS SUFFER LOSS IN ATTACK Allies Control Most of ojersiclie Advanced AlKed Headquarters New Guinea of most of the underside of New Guinea was indicated Wednesday in an official report that the Jap anese had suffered a high per centage loss iii an attack at the mouth of Eilanden river Eight enemy barges brought troops to attack a post there manned by Dutch and Australian soldiers Four barges were sunk and 60 Japanese killed by the al lied ground force Gen Douglas MacArthurs communique s a id Australian flyers later bombed and strated the remaining 4 and qilots said they doubted that any of the enemy escaped Report of the action constituted the first headquarters revelation of the location of an allied post on the south New Guinea coast so far from Port Moresby The mouth of the Eilanden river is in Dutch New Guinea around 600 miles northwest of Port Moresby It also was the first report of Dutch troops being in action with Australians 38 Governors Assure Senate States Will Handle Absentee Votes Washington W Thirtyeight out of 40 governors who replied to telegrams assured members of the senate Wednesday that their states either have made or will make special provision for absentee bal loting by their citizens in the armed forces The question of whether states can provide the necessary machinery to record the votes of service personnel has fig ured in the senate debate on a pro posed federal war ballot bill Sen ator Byrd DVa placed the gov ernors telegrams in the record in support of his contention that the states are actin Waterloo Over Top in War Bond Campaign Waterloo went over the top Wednesday noon in the 4th war loan drive with a grand totalof of 31 OB8 over the quota Minneapolis Authorities said Wednesday death of John Carlso was probably due to a heart attack His body was iound in his room with the burner of his gas stove still lighted Officers said a pan of potatoes on the stove was burned to a powder He had been dead about 3 days Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday Warmer Wednesday night Low est temperature at Mason City Wednesday night35 Iowa Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday warmer ex treme east portion Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday Slightly Wednesday night and extreme southeast and extreme northeast portions Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 34 Minimum Tuesday night 28 At 8 a m Wednesday 30 Sleet trace Reports were that the ground hog had been tearing around so much in recent mild weather that ho was all tuckered out and might not be able to crawl out of his hole again Wednesday But if he did manage to struggle forth he would have been certain to have seen his shadow Wednesday Which would mean 6 more weeks of the kind of winter weather weve been having YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum Minus MEET HEADON AT pair of engines of the Milwaukee Road met headon Lake late Tuesda afternoon After the impact they settled io rest about to feet apart The engine on the left was a light extra westbound The engine on the right was eastbound hauling a way freight No one was seriously injured since the crews jumped before the collision A wrecker fromSioux City started clearing the tracks so that traffic would be normal Wednesday night Lock photos Kayenay engravings Pearl Harbor Bulwarked by more than 2000000 tons of naval might United States forces which successfully invaded Ja pans Marshall islands by ii bold backdoor route battled Wednesday for Kwajalein atoll a key position so strategic that its conquest may in due time topple the Nipponese from 800 square miles of the mid Pacific The invasion opened Monday against Kwajalein with fourth di vision marines goimr ashore on the north and XI S army veterans of Attu landing from the south They struck in the fortified center of the western RalilO line of Mar shall atolls The bypassed eastern Hadak line as well as those Atolls north and south of Kwajaleih iiatJpbsitionby the invasion stroke that Hear Adm Richmond K Turner commanding amphibious operations said We can either take them or let them wither on the vine Against strong opposiiion the marines under Maj Gen Harry Schmidt won islet positions near the enemys Roi air base on the northern end ol Kwajalein worlds largest atoll Nearly 60 miles to the south 7th infantry division veterans of Attu under Maj Gen Charles H Corlett landed closes to Kawaja lein islet a heavily defended ship ping seaplane and submarine base Sixty six mile long Kwajalein atoll is the hub of defenses among the 32 Marshall atolls which bar the way to Japans naval base of Truk more than 1200 miles to the southwest and to Tokyo 2700 statute miles to the northwest Under the overall command of Vice Adm R A Spruance the most powerful fleet assembled in cluding new battleships aircraft carriers and even secret type ves sels escorted the transports and landing craft to the invasion scene 2000 miles southwest of Pearl Harbor Before the landings guns oT the naval eseort churned Kwajalein and other atolls with a terrific bombardment Wherever we search the whole damn Pacific is filling up with warships a pilot exclaimed on returningHo his carrier while invasion force was Hearing the ob jective Constant support is being af forded the ground forces by land based AAF units ot Maj Gen Willis H Hale fleet air wing units of Rear Adm John D hundreds of planes from the carrier forces ot Rear Adm March Mitscher It is the same type of air mas tery displayed during more than 20 straight days of neutralizing raids prior to invasion In that pe riod more than 300 enemy planes were destroyed or damaged 11 of them on the last 2 days in the Marshalls More than 20 tons o explosives also hit Wake Islanc to keep that enemy air base from interfering Despite such massing of power the Americans were prepared for weeks of fighting if need be to put down Japanese resistance or ganized for a quarter of a century in the mandated Marshalls Jn doubtedly these defenses include strong underground fortifications The gravity of the action was recognized in Japan The Japanese homeland is di rectly linked up with these man dated islands which form the outer front line of the Japanese empire chronicled Mainichi one of Japans most influential news papers published in Osaka I added the enemy must be beatei back even rifice at the greatest sac Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your Globedazellc carrier boy all available forces and beraii a desperate defense how ever as the Americans turned heir full might against the iwajiileiu island naval base at he southern end of the 66 mile long atoll and the RoiNamur air base at the northernend A Japanese communique broadcast byVlhe Tokyo radio and recorded by CBS said Japanese troops had counterattacked arid furious fighting is now in Scores of guns hauled on to the newly established islet beach heads joined the 16inch rifles of Americas newest battleships oth er naval artillery arid swarms of bombers iri blasting at Kwajalein Roi and Namur islands The combined airsea bombard ment had been so effective that not a single1 enemy plane was sightedduringlanding in the Kwajalien island Front dispatches indicated that the marines and army troops were preparing to hurl everything from flame throwers to new type weapons never before used in the Pacific against fortifications built by the Japanese during the past 20 years to protect Kwajalieu atoll their greatest naval base east of Truk Hear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner commander of amphibi ous forces warned that the oper ation was going to be tough and we must expect losses while other high sources said all evidence iraued against any such quick victory as was achieved in the Gilbert islands which were con quered in 3 days last November at the highest cost of lives in marine history Speculation that additional landings may have beenmacle was touched off by the disclosure in Tuesdays communique from Ad miral Chester W Nimitz comman der of the Pacific fleet that the objective of the operation was to capture the entire Marshalls area The conquest of Kwajalein alone the worlds largest lagoon atoll would give the United States a nnval operating base capable of accommodating a huge fleet and lir bases within bombing range of Truk Japans Pearl Harbor It also would advance the United States Pacific war timetable by at least 6 months qualified naval souices estimated Japanese counterattacks were expected momentarily but Turner told newsmen who accompanied the largest invasion force ever mustered in Ihe pacific that we are prepared for any eventuality1 His words were backed up by the 16inch guns of some of Amer icas newest battleships and the massed fire and aerial power of hundreds of other ships in the vast naval armada Charles Arnot United Press war correspondent on Turners flag ship said there were ships as far as the eye can see in any direc tion The number of aircraft carriers participating exceeded even the unprecedented armada which screened the Gilberts inva sion Twentyfive days of army and navy air raids on the Marshalls climaxed by a combined air and naval bombardment Saturday and Sunday were believed to have neutralized at least temporarily the enemys air arm but reinforce ments were expected to be brought up from islands to the northwest Carrierbased planes alone were credited with destroying at least 33 and possibly as many as 123 Japanese planes in raids on Taroi and islands east of Kwai alein atoll Saturday and Sunday Ammunition and supply dumps and airdrome installations also were destroyed American losses were reported officially to have been minor In launching their main attack against Kwajalein atoll the Amer ican command thrust nearly 500 miles northwest of their nearest ;