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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ARCHIVES UCMNES I A VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY iaiXJUWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 2 1943 MIS PAPER COASTS OPTWO SECTIONSxm ONE NO 99 F R MAIN WAR STRATEGY MAPPED Pace for RUSSIANS LESS THAN 40 MILES FROM ROSTOV Events Shape Up for Coming Offensive by Allies Into Europe By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor Prime Minister Churchills weekend trip to Turkey with a message from President Roosevelt and probably clear guarantees of allied aid appeared Tuesday to have been a diplomatic master stroke to safeguard the eastern for the com ing allied attack into Europe The quickening pace of the campaign for a cleanup in Tu nisia and he relentless drive which carried the Russians to less than 40 miles from Rostov and virtually doomed the weakening German grip in the Caucasus moved the allied armies steadily into position for that offensive American British and French forces were striking out in three sectors ot the western Tunisian while the axis battled des perately to keep its coastal stand from being pinched in two An American raiding force drove the Germans from the village of Sened in a thrust close to Malc nassy 33 miles from the Tunisian east coast repulsed a eounterat tack and on orders after rhission nounced that the Russians had broken into the last bastion of Ine nazi suicide army at Stalingrad the Berlin radio said two more generals had been killed in the debacle The Russians announced in their noon communique that resistance has been broken in the sector where their forces broke through Mechetins kaya to within 40 miles of Ros tov along the railroad from Salsk and they said the Germans are retreating under the blows oE our troops The destruction of the German sixth army at Stalingrad per haps the greatest single disaster in the history of German was in its final hours The German high command announced that the defensive ring of the last of the trapped troops had been breached and that the Russians had broken into the Jast bulwark of the defenders The Russians announced their closest penetration to Rostov with the occupation of Zernovoy and Verblyud in the thrust up the railroad from Salsk through the town of Mechetinskaya The noon communique that re sistance was collapsing indicated that the sweep toward Rostov was gaining momentum in sharp men ace to the last land escape corridor lor perhaps 200000 Germans hurled back into the northwest Caucasus Tlie red army also drove within miles of Krasnodar G5 miles of Kursk and 75 miles of Kharkov One Russian force was 56 miles northeast of Krasnodar one of the nazis last bases in the western Caucasus in a thrust down the rail line from Tikhoretsfc Another driving up from the Maikop oil fields was 30 miles southeast of the base Kursk fortified link between the German central and south ern front defense lines was menaced anew by a frontal drive which the Russians said carried through Kshen halfway to Kursk from Voronezh This xvas an 18mile advance from cap tured Kastornaya The salient was widened by the red armys occupation of the town of Yasl rcbovka JO miles south of Kshen W Tightening the pincers closing upon Khadkov the main German stronghold south of Kursk the Russians seized Svatova 95 miles beyond previously recaptured Stsrobelsk Kharkov also was threatened by another red army column at Ura jpva 7a miles due east of the German base On the Tunisian front United were closing in on Maknassy in a thrust that might cut off the coastal road along the wilt of Gabes and pinch the axis position in two A spokesman at allied head quarters announced that the Americans had captured Ihc village of Sened reported Mon CONFER ABOARD U S DESTROYEROn deckof a United states destroyer in th 5S per Nata1 Brazi1 a conference it Oeft to r K Him day to have been bypassed by advance units of a force driving inward Maknassy from northeast of Gafsa At that time n second American force was reported pushing south ward toward Maknassy from the vicinity of Sidi Bouzid Maknassy is 33 miles from the eastern Tunisian coast where the axis was trying desperately to hold open a line of withdrawal for Marshal Rommel Heavy fighting also was report ed on two other sectors of the western Tunisian battlefront Americans flanked by French were fighting against heavy Ger man resistance in an effort to win back Faid Pass which the Ger mans captured earlier in a six mile thrust toward Sidi Bouzid north the British were opposed by German troops support ed by 52ton tanks in fighting along a road leading from Pont dii Fans An allied communique said the enemy made a slight gain in the hills southwest Pont du rv Reports were heard In London that the Xorth African campaign might be unified under Lieut Dwight D Eisenhower who would be elevated to full gen eral Groundhogs Afraid He Will Be Seized in Meat Shortage But He Doesnt Believe Rationing of Weather Has Been Started Yet By MILLIARD A SCHENDORF SUCCASUNNA N J groundhog adjusted his pine net and buried his nose in the front page of a newspaper Rationing he mused But they coulfjjil have rationed the weather It was getting laic The ground hog was due to make his tradi tional first appearance of the year then cither dive back into bed or comb his hair to stay topside for a while Only a groundhog never did know anything about the weath er the marmot lisped softly lest someone hear IF it did would it be only a groundhog Where was the weather All these years the groundhog had been basing his predictions on the weather reports in the papers An adventurcus pixie hung by its feet from the electric light overhead Whais the matter G H asked the pixie Its the weather grunted G H I cant find it The pixie grinned Theres a war on Havent you heard The weathers gone with the gasoline Unbelief was registered on the sensitive face of the stocky little animal The weather gone Ca lamity had struck Tragedy had visited the little home Thc groundhog thumbed the newspaper sadly Suddenly he stiffened His red dishbrown fur stood on end elec trically It wasnt the weather that did it He leaped into bed in a series of amazing gyrations IIORSERURGERS POPULAR IN SHORTAGE OF MEAT Washington Finds Muskrat Tasty Substitute for Scarce Beef Pork and VeaL Thus spake the headlines What an escape quavered the stricken beast Anything could happfrn even It was just tco much And so gentfe reader lliat is why the groundhog failed to show up in 1943 CAIRO gigantic grand strategy program ncarecl the action stage Tuesday alter a secret visit by Prime Minister Winston Churchill to the middle east climaxed by a twoday con ference with President Ismet Inonu and other Turkish political and military leaders It was revealed Monday that Churchill had come to Egypt aft his momentous Casablanca inference with President Roose D Q at which the basis was laid to provide a 19 per cent for allied offensive action to Opposes Rural Plan to Skip One Year of Liability for Levy WASHINGTON UP Enact ment of payasyougo tax legis withholding tax alter deductioiis for millions of Americas income tax payers was urged Tuesday by the treasury It flatly opposed the Ruml plan to skip one year of tax liability to make income pay ments current Randolph E Paul treasury gen eral counsel stressed the import ance of prompt action as he told the house ways and means com mittee that a 19 per cent with holding tax equivalent to the levy provided for by the normal six per cent income tax plus the 13 per cent surtax rate on the rollection problem and avoid un necessary refunds The normal tax and first brack et of surtax income includes the first 82000 of taxable income alt er deductions W Paul said the proposed with holding rate would make fully current in their income tax payments about 70 per cent of the estimated 44000000 tax payers He proposed that con gress provide for deferment of tax liabilities during the period of transition to the new Paul told the committee that inauguration of the collection at the source system should cer tainly not begin later than July 1 of this Opposing the proposal of Beardsley Ruml New York de partment store executive to put taxpayers on a current payment basis by forgiving all 1942 taxes Paul said In the light of the revenue needs of the government and the equitable distribution of the tax burden complete forgiveness seems very undesirable Complete doubling up payment of two years taxes in one would un doubtedly be too harsh for some taxpayers Accordingly deferment of payment of taxes for the transi tion year to the extent necessary to relieve such hardships appears to be desirable The treasury tax official read a 17page statement to the commit tee Discussing the effect ot for giveness on federal revenues he said The tax liability of the tax Payer is an asset of the govern ment although it is not counted as such in the general accounts of the government Forgiving a years tax would wipe out as sets of this kind amounting o close to ten billion the estimated amount of individual tax liabilities on 1942 income The government by forgiving a years tax liabilities would be discarding assets as a businers would that canceled its accounts receivable from customers Such a business might be able to main tain its receipts by going on a cash sales basis Yet no one would say that the business had not lost as sets to the extent of the accounts canceled Paul said that it seems impera tive that the collection at the source system should be based oh marital and dependency exemp tions allowed under the law Paul was called as the commit tees first witness on the payas yougo tax proposals Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night low temperature Tuesday night 12 not much change in temper alurc Wednesday forenoon IOWA Warmer in the north cen tral and cast portions Tuesday night Somewhat warmer in the southwest and extreme west portions Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 17 Minimum Monday night 5 At 8 a m Tuesday 2 YEAR AGO Maximum 4 Minimum R Cleanup in Tunisia Quickens Churchill Meets With HIGHLIGHTS OF PARLEY PAYASYOUGO Strategy Nears Action GIVEN TO PRESS nnnnnOll Says Problem in NortK crush the axis into unconditional surrender From Egypt after confer ences with allied military and political authorities and talks With Premier Nahas Pasha of Egypt Churchill held a drama tic twoday conference in a railroad train on a siding at the Turkish frontier station of Ycu idje with the Turkish chief tains Churchill and the military and political aides who accompanied him flew to Turkey in two giant consolidated liberator planes made in the United States The military staff talks between Turkish and British army men continued until Monday morning after proceeding all during the Churchilllnonu meetings Satur da3 and Sunday Returning here he issued his first statement since the con clusion of the Casablanca con ference to summarize the mo mentous 18 days starting Jan 14 when he met President Roosevelt world struggle is proceed ing with gathering i momentum toward its climax So far as we have gone we have every rea son to rejoice he said Radiating complete confidence that She allies were on the way to certain and complete victory Churchill said of his conference with the Turks It is clear that the ancient friendship between Great Brit ain and Turkey which was slashed across by the tragedy of the Jast war has been re vived in its fullest strength and sincerity Churchill summarized the two chief war theaters as follows A F R I C con s i d erable fighting must be expected in the next few months and weeks He was confident that the Germans and Italians would be removed speedily from the entire African continent and thus the menace in the south so grave when he was last in Cairo in August 1942 would be removed situation there may wellprove permanent and fatal for the axis The menace from the north has been removed by Russias spectacular victories The tremendous feats of arms performed by the Russians under Stalin a great warrior whose name will rank with those most honored in the history of the Rus sian peoples Of his conference with the Turks Churchill pointed to the joint communique which an nounced agreements on the present situationjn Europe and particularly those regions in which Turkey is directly inter ested the manner in which Great Britain and the United States would be able to help Turkey materially to consoli date her own general defensive security and on postwar problems I am sure the communique will show we had an important con ference which undoubtedly had a relation to general world condi he said It would not be wise to try to read in it anything other than what it says He cautioned newspapers against audacious speculation into the mysteries of the future But it was no myslorv that Adolf Millers logical paths if in his desperation hd essayed new attacks on neutral countries were in the direction of Turkey in the south and Sweden in the north Sweden has gone o great length in recent days to warn the world in general that any body who invades Swedish soil would get a fight It seemed hardly likely that the signifi cance of the AngloTurkish con ference would escape the Ger mans Turkey has always said it would Tight any invader wav to British British ri are always sending it aid whcro y icwly arrived for the Turkish air force It was revealed that Churchill liad come toEgypt and gone to Turkey that in of President Roosevelt and Premier Josef Stalin was formed in advance Both the president and Stalin are being informed directly the results Slalin is an important figure in any allied talks with Turkey bacause Russia is Turkeys neighbor and both the United States and Britain have been working for months to d I f h Wcrc 2D huinrpnr hiitcr planes ISMET INONU of Turkey the Cull knowledge Turkey accord bring and Russia into close Egypt also is important in the allied program which is shape rapidly now and taking at hi i njjiui j T U L 1115 press conference Churchill praised its role during the course of the once critical struggle in Africa McNutt Tells Plan to Meet Service Need WASHINGTON Man power Commissioner Paul V Me Kutt told the house military affairs committee Tuesday that by the Giraud said ne could end oC this year 10 out of every 14 250000 men with some m of ho ablebodied men between raining in the field but 18 and 38 will be in the armed McNult made the statement dur ing discussion of the college train ing program being worked out for the armed services In reply to questions of com mittee members he stipulated that the men in that age group would be serving as fighting men by the end of this year He explained that his figures in cluded only those who can pass the physical requirements of the armed services Do you mean that three fourths of the able bodied men between 18 and 38 will be in the army or the navy asked Repre sentative Brooks DLa Yes sir McNutt replied He did not elaborate and committee members did not press him explaining later the meeting was to have dealt only with the college program Neither would McNiitt discuss the subject with reporters and when asked what proportion of men between 18 and 38 now were in the armed services he replied is a matter oC arithmetic Its a matter of record Committee members said they believed that ten out of every 14 ablebodied men between 18 and 38 without children already were in service the only ones in that group left in civilian life being those with children physical de fects or occupational deferments Any move for wholesale induction of men with children they said would face congressional opposi tion so long as men without chil dren were available Says Problem in North Africa Is Essentially a Military One WASHINGTON Roosevelt said Tuesday his Casa blanca conference with Winston Churchill was one to win the war and to fulfill the promise he made in his annual message to congress that the united nations would strike hard in Europe The chief executive talking at press conference spoke princi pally in generalities of the meet ing and supplied most of the new details in the nature of anecdotes But he did emphasize the words of his January message in which he promised new blows at the axiT in Europe and said that Jus parley with Churchill was in fulfillment of that declaration Mr Roosevelt said that he thought the highlight of the North Africa meeting the formal re emphasis placed on a belief that there should be no negotiated ar mistice only an unconditional surrender by the axis There were two highlights Mr Roosevelt said of his stop on the way home to talk with President Vargas of Brazil One he explained is the great ly increased effort Brazil is mak ing to combat submarines The second he said is an agreement that the peace to come must eliminate any future threat from the African coast to the portion of this hemisphere lying closest to Africa The president dwelt at some length on the situation in French Xorth Africa especially the po litical problems He said he thought things were going along preily well The problem in North Africa he said is essen tially a military one Mr Roosevelt said that anyone who tried to stir up talk of dis putes between Generals Charles De Gaulle and Henri Giraud French leaders was helping the cause of the enemy He volunteered the information that every effort was being made to supply modern arms fora French army under Giraud The chief executive remarked he could put military wkii ently had raised his sights since the Casablanca conference Since then Girnud has spoken of an army of 300000 After giving a word of praise to the press and radio for living up faithfully to the request of the office of censorship that secrecy be maintained about the move ments of his party the president noted that he never was out touch with Washington even while travelling by air He placed Ihc length ot his trip at 16965 miles The whole journey Mr Roosevelt said was essentially a military mission At Casa lilanca he said plans were drafted for winning the drafted as far ahead as possi in this case they cov ered the calendar year 1313 At thut point he read a para graph from his message to con gress the paragraph which he said the Casablanca conference was designed to fulfill It said I can not prophesy I can not tell you when or where the united nations are going to strike next in Man 70 Gets Divorce Wont Marry Again RENO N e v years Sokane a ec dchc just couldnt get along with his wifcCuertin vas granted a di VOlCC MondayWSi asked if he another marriage he replied I not Europe But we are oing to strike and strike hard I can not tell you whether we are going lo hit them in Norway or through the low countries or in France or through Sardinia or Sicily or through the Balkans or through Poland or at several points si multaneously But 1 can tell you that no matter where and when we strike by land uc and the British and the Russians will hil them from the air heavily and relentlessly Day in and day out we shall heap tons upon tons of explosives on their war factories and utilities and seaports Mr Roosevelt reported that he and Churchill and their combined staffs had reached unanimous agreement on how to fulfill that statement The conferees were in com plete touch with Joseph Stalin and Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek he added speaking with a measure of sarcasm about sug gcstioiis which he said came from certain people that those two lenders should have been on the parley He directed attention to llic fact hat Russia is not at war with ;