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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 1, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPAflTMEHT OF HISTORY AND DES 1A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL in Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five a MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 1 1916 This Paper Consists of Two DRAFT NEW PACT ON STEEL CEASE FIRE ORDER Chun Chinese nationalist representative signs cease fire order at Chung king to bring an end to civil strife in China Gen George C Marshall right special II S envoy to China and Gen Chou EnLai communist representative look on AP Wirephoto K and A engr Chiang Sees Leadership End As China Gains Full Freedom Chungking of Chinas millions from civil strife I into a day of full freedom for all political parties was viewed Fri day by Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek as possibly foreshadowing an end to lijs leadership The man whose 1party rule has continued for 18 years said frankly that from now on the heavy task of rebuilding the nation rested not alone on the Kuomlntang na tionalist party much less on me as an individuaL Whether in the government or out of it he told Thursday nights closing session of the historic po litical consultation conference he would sincerely work for peace and solidarity He pledged that all the far reaching decisions of the unity conference would be carried out These included Free and open ac tivities by all political parties na tionalization of the army nation wide compulsory education and economic reconstruction Chou EnLai No 2 communist helped reach the unity con erence accord Friday expressed full confidence that there will be no more civil strife in China lie said that apart from minor clashes in Shantung and the East River district of Kwantung near Can ton peace prevails throughout the country He affirmed that the communist party is prepared to carry out fully all agreements reached at the con ference Chou said communist forces would be reduced to 20 divisions which would entail demobiliza tion of about threefourths of its army He added that the military committee of three dealing with reorganization of Chinas army would settle down to serious busi ness soon President Trumans special envoy General Marshall is a member of the committee which also includes government and communist representatives Chiang personally regarded the new program as affording a most SPLIT LOOMS IN CONGRESS OVER CASE MEASURE Republican Members Disagree on Tough Terms of Strike Bill Washington IP Republican s fell out Friday over just how tough the house should make the sweep ing new strike control legislation it hopes to pass in a matter of days There was cold comfort for the administration in that for consid eration of the bill represented a sharp setback The house took it up in preference to an anemic ver sion of the fact finding measure asked by President Truman Some of the house GOP contin gent said privately they believe the pending proposal of Rep Case H S should be modified con siderably but other party mem bers thought it would go through without much rewriting Republicans lined up almost sol idly when the house voted 258 to 114 Thursdayto give the Case measure immediate right of way Only 15 republicans were record ed against the move Later however several influ ential minority members an nounced that they had supporte the Case proposed only to insur speedy action to curb andhel settle industrial strife They told newsmen they consid ered the Case measure too strin gent They objected parlicularl to provisions which would perm injunctions against unions an which would deny collective bar gaining or reemploymenl rights t workers resorting to boycotts o violence in picketing Backers of the bill remaine confident of success however an hpus e leaders speaking private to newsmen backed them up Th leaders made it clear that som modifications are likely but sa they expected few basic changi in the final version Rep Marcantonio ALNY said in an interview that it looks like the Case supporters have enough backing to beat us He promised a determined fight however and voiced confidence that neither the senate nor President Truman Bevin Lashes Russians in UNO Meeting London Secretary Beviri told the united nations se urity council Friday that Mos cow and communist party propa anda endangered world peace This he said was the real dan ger to peace Bevin made this statement in blasting back at Russian charges hat Britain imperiled world se curity by maintaining troops which the soviet said supported fascist and promonarchist ele ments in Greece Countering the charges of soviet Vice Commissar Andrei Vishinsky that a white terror exists in Sreece Bevin said British troops had supported the right of all fac tions to a voice in Greek affairs and had refrained from imposing on the country a minority govern ment We could have done what Mr Vishinsky did in Homania he said We could have put a min ority government had the power But we did not We let the Greeks have their own govern ment We believe that democracy must come from the bottom up not from the top Pounding the table to empha size an otherwise calmly delivered speech Bevin said he wanted from the security council a direct de claration not a compromise on the question Is the British government endangering the peace of the world He demanded a straight yes or no answer American officials said the council by adjournment would pass the issue over to another meeting Monday Russia through Vice sar Andrei Vishinsky argued for an hour before the council that British forces were contributing todisorder in Greece He said a white terror existed in that country and said the Soviet un TRUMAN MEETS WITH BOWLES FACT MEMBERS Report Administration Ready With New Plan to Settle Steel Strike Washington If President Truman Friday summoned the steel fact finding board and Price Administrator Chester Bowles to the white house amid reports that the administration is ready with a new proposition for settling the WAINWR1GHT VISITS PACIFIC HEROES Gen Jonathan M Wainwrightshakes ion demanded quick and imcon hands Gerald Lundquiat of St Paul Minn one of the survivors of Corregi ditional withdrawal of the troops dor and Bataan on ayisitio hospital in ChicagoThursda In back ground are fAP Wirephbfb and Aerigr new piugmiii ab ttituLuiiiK fitting bridge to the period of con would approve the tepslaboa stitutionalism Legion Asks Investigation Into Vets Administration Washington The American Legion called on congress Friday for an immediate investigation of what it called a tragic break down in the veterans administration under Gen Omar N Bradley who took over as chief less than 6 months ago John Steilc the Legions national commander made the demand for action in letters to all members of congress and said the law makers should see that their mandates are no longer ignored by the veterans administration VA officials reserved comment on the letter but Stelles aides said its release was preceded an acriminious telephone battle between Stelle and Bradley over major VA policies Stelles letter to congress claimed an inquiry was war ranted because 1 Between 300000 and 500 000 disability cases cannot re ceive proper compensation with out undergoing physical examina tions because of VAs failure to obtain adequate medical records from the army and navy 2 The hospitalization applica tions pf more than 7000 needy veterans await processing 3 Thousands of army hospital beds are not being utilized at a time when VA hospitals are badly congested 4 Unprocessed applications for education and training under the GI bill of rights total 102839 in addition to 20411 pending claims FG insurance premium waivers and 287000 unanswered letters from veterans seeking informa tion on various topics 5 VA has apparently failed to procure enough competent per sonnel and has continued to use The American Farm Bureau Federation threw its support be hind the Case plan House advocates had contended that farmers favored such action Edward A ONeal federation president made public a letter to all house members urging passage of the bill and inexperienced EASE DISCHARGE OF ARMY MEDICS Washington war de partment Friday eased the dis charge requirements for medical officers to permit the release of j 7000 additional doctors within the next 5 months By that time Secretary Patter son said aif but approximately 4000 of the 41000 physicians who were taken into the army during the war will be back home The new schedule reduces the discharge score by 5 points and trims three months from the length of service requirements Physicians and dentists except for some 800 scarce specialists will be released providing they have 60 points are 45 years old or have had 39 months active duty The department said credits for age and length of service will con tinue to accumulate Points based on service and dependency are calculated as of Sept 2 ARMY JOINS IN AIRPLANE HUNT Second Attempt to Scale Big Mountain Elk Mountain Wyo army troops and other mountain climbers using skis snowshoes and sleds joined Friday in an other attempt to scale the treacher ous 11125foot Elk Mountain where 21 persons were believed to have perished in the crash of a United Air Lines Mainliner It was the second party which had tried to scale the snowcapped mountain peak where the tem perature is below zero and driv ing snow blinds the searchers The first group was forced to descend after climbing to within 300 yards of the towering peak without sighting the wreckage Army alpine troops then were recruited at Fort Warren Wyo to join the search Members of the early party which bucked heavy snow drifts and galestrength winds gave up Pretender to Spanish Throne Enroute to Talk With Franco Restoration of Spains Monarchy Seen as Main Topic of Meeting Soon JOHN STELLE With Bradley imately 70 per cent of the 83000 veterans in its hospitals now have nonservice disabilities incompetent employes Stelle assorted the figures he cited were absolute minimum figures reflecting the extent o the neglect The sharp telephone clash be tween Stelle and Bradley Thurs day reportedly centered abou hospitalization policy Bradley has said that the car rent influx of veterans with serviccc onnecled disabilitic soon might reach the point where VA hospitals wouia be unable to naval separation center at Great handle cases with nonservice NAVAL CENTER DISCHARGES 8 The following North lowans were reported discharged at the disabilities This rung counter to Legion policy that care should be pro vided for some veterans with non service disabilities particularly the needy VA estimates are that approx i Lakes 111 recently H O Vtldsr Dallas L Fhilpott Hampton Richard J nurd Charles O Gordon Lake Mills Arthur I SUmjns Mason City J Majewsfcl Mason Carlton H Malt Mason City Maynaxd Hannan Kew ilamptaiw IF I HIM MOKE THAN A THEN I CANT PAYMV TOMORROW Your Carrier cannot afford lo j credit anyone for more than on I week the search for the plane and its 21 passengers when their faces be gan freezing in subzero temper atures Undersheriff John Terrill o iawlins said a terrible blizzard lad halted the partys progress as t neared the top of the 11125foo leak Terrill a man over 6 fee all described the snow as abou vaist deep United Air Line officials In heyenne said a company plane vould attempt an aerial canvass of the fogshrouded mountain top if weather conditions permitted A party of soldiers from Fort Warren near Cheyenne also planned to join the search for the missing liner whose passenger 1st included 12 soldiers being de ployed from the west coast London Juan eldest surviving son of the iate King Al onso XIII of Spain arrived from Switzerland Friday enroute to j Portugal for a reported meeting with Gen Francisco Franco to discuss restoration of the Spanish monarchy Don Juan will proceed to Lis bon Saturday his secretary said The pretender to the Spanish throne a tall and handsome man of 34 wore a dark gray suit and brown suede shoes He traveled as the Count of Barcelona Simultaneously a United Press dispatch from Madrid said the Franco government was expected to adopt increasingly severe meas ures against armed opposition in Spain A Spanish army com munique conceded that a force of bandits was operating in the Gfjon area on the Bay of Biscay coast A Lisbon report quoted royalist sources as confirming that Don Juan and Franco will meet on the SpanishPortuguese frontier The 34 year old pretender to the throne was accompanied on his flight from Switzerland by his wife Dona Maria his political ad viser Eugenio Vegas Latapie and Viscount Juan Luis Rocamora Don Juan was traveling on a British transit visa and was not expected to do any political ne gotiating here Lisbon monarchist sources said Don Juan was clinging to his pre viously announced stand that he would ascend the throne only if assured that any invitation from Franco to do so had no strings at tached DON JUAN Weather Report IN MASON CITY Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday occasional light snow Saturday Colder Fri day night low near zero Iowa Generally fair Friday night with occasional light snow north east portion early Friday and light snow extreme north por tion Saturday Warmer Friday Little change in temperature Friday night and Saturday Minnesota Fair Friday night Colder south portion and con tinued very cold north portion Japanese Civilians Advocate Clemency for Condemned GI Tokyo from Japanese civilians urging clemency for Pfc Joseph E Hicswa condemned by courtmartial for the fatal stab bing of 2 Japanese were reported Friday by General MacArthurs headquarters None has urged his execution The Wallington N J youth was sentenced to be shot after con viction of the bayonet slayings during a drunken celebration of his approaching return to he SETUP RETAINS THRONE Cut Military Power in Constitution Tokyo IP The government has drafted tentatively a new con stitution stripping the emperor of his military command but specify ing that Japan shall retain the throne the newspaper Mainichi said Friday Chief Cabinet Secretary Wat am Narahashl denied however that the constitutional revision published by Mainichi was the one which the government was considering Malnichis report might Iiavc been compiled from reference material he told Kyoilo news agency but it is entirely separate from the one being de cided by the cabinet now Omitted in the text quoted by Mainichi was the clause The em peror is sacred and inviolable There was little other change however in the first 4 articles dealing with the throne The newspaper noted these other changes in the proposed draft The Japanese people were de clared legally equal and leudal istic rightsof the few were elimi nated Freedom of religion was pro vided and special rights given to Shinto shrines were abolished Rights and obligations of the people were recognized and the right and duty of every person to steel strike The white house announced that the fact finding board had been called to an afternoon con ference with Mr Truman An OPA official said that Bowles had been asked to cut short a vacation in South Carolina and return to the capital immedi ately He was expected late Friday or early Saturday Bowles who reportedly favors a ton increase in steel prices had intended to sta3r in South Car olina until Sunday or Monday The new plan for ending the 12dayold steel walkout was re ported in the hands of top level white house advisors but federal seizure of the industry was said not to be involved as yet Some form of showdown action is embodied in the new proposal according to an official who with held his name and it will be sub mitted to President Truman once its details are reviewed Mounting urgency spurred work on the new formula for govern ment aides are frankly concerned about the strangling effect of the steel shutdown on other industries Federal seizure of steel plants was ruled out for the present by Mr Truman Thursday when he told his news conference that such a step was not now contemplated The chief executive declined to predict a the steel stale mate although he did say in re sponse to a request for comment that he believes the general labor situation is improving all the time There was no indication what fresh steps jrovernment advisers were considering in the stee sit uation but persons close to policy makers explained ihat prices ob viously are the principal obstacles to a steel wage agreement The U S Steel corporation de clared Wednesday a steel price increase greatly in excess of 5625 a ton would be fore the industry could afford the cent hourly wage increase proposed by Mr Truman OPA in a new steel price study prepared at the presidents re quest still contends that 5250 a ton is all it will approve Other government agencies have dis cussed a figure of around S4 Pointing up the wageprice re lationship which rapidly is bring ing government deeper into labor disputes Mr Truman Thursday rejected a suggestion from Henry Ford II that price controls be lift ed from the auto industry and its suppliers Such a step the president told newsmen would lead to wild in flation Reveal Navy Intercepted Winds Note Washington L E Safford asserted Friday that in the Saturday mostly cloudy and I work was established week before Pearl Harbor the navy cold with light snow south por Election of the house of repre intercepted a Japanese Winds tion FORECAST GlobeGazette weather statistics lor 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 25 Minimum 1 above At 8 a m Friday 18 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 9 Minimum IS Butterflies said to be the most One letter signed by Citizens of Nara Prefecture where the slaying took place said Hicswa should be freed the 2 Japanese were no good Another urged Hicswas acquittal because the Japanese people are all guilty of disturbing the worlds peace As a rule American soldiers are very kind and gentlemanly said another message asking that Hicswa be returned to his family 4 It was addressed to General and Mrs MacArthur Another writer argcH commu tation of the sentence since in Japan the rule Is npt the death sentence for manslaughter Two others urged that the youth be frted for the sake of his mother who recently wrote Mac Arthur asking clemency The matter is in the hands of Washington authorities MacAr thur has announced farsighted movements away of insects can see five or six feet sentatives by secret ballot was specified Ministers were made respon sible to the diet instead of to the emperor and the diet was given the right to change the constitu tion The present system for creating a peerage was abolished The reported draft makes no reference to armed forces and de letes present authorization of the emperors command over the army and navy and his right to declare martial law Kyodo news agency commented that the government was disre garding the trend of public opin ion in its revisions STRIKES AT A GLANCE By UNITED PRESS Cutbacks caused by the steel walkout boosted the number of strik idled American workers to 1515000 Friday The major disputes Truman said he did not contemplate federal seizure of the steel industry crippled by a strike of 750000 CIO steel workers General Motors and the CIO united auto work ers agreed to settle contract differences before tackling the wage dis pute which had idled 175000 workers FARM CIO farm equipment workers con tinued their 12day strike against the International Harvester Co of an Ohio blackout lessened when CIO util ities workers reached a wage agreement with one company Unions continued negotiations with 2 other Ohio concerns and 2 companies serving parts of Kentucky and Virginia code message which meant and we knew it meant war Earlier this week Capt A II McCollum 1941 head of the far eastern section of the intelligence division testified that to the best of his knowledge it was not Safford however declared that from his recollection and from cir cumstantial evidence a winds ex ecute message was part of a news broadcast from station JAP To kyo at a m Washington time Dec 4 That broadcast he said prob ably was in Japanese Morse code and was intercepted by the navy radio station at Cheltenham Md was recorded on a special type writer which types the romanlet ter equivalents of the Japanese characters and was forwarded to the navy department by teletype transmitter When he first saw it Salford added it already had been trans lated by Lt Comdr Ahvin Kramer in charge of the translation sec tion of the communications intelli gence unit Pcnn Dies Chicago P Penn 51 president of the H O Penn Machinery company of New York and retiring president of the As sociated Equipment Distributors died Thursday ;