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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 1, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVf DCS UOINtS THE NCWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 1 1944 If MOUSE REJECTS ROLL CALL ON SOLDIERS VOK Advocates of Rights Get Upper Hand as Debate Opens i Washington aside resident Roosevelts suggestion lat members stand up and be mnted the house refused Tues Jiy to provide a roll call vote on jgislation to create uniform fed ballot machinery for the services representing a severe setback y federalballot forces the vote i whether to have a record roll Jl on the uniform ballot bill was Jetted 233 to 160 Thus advocates of a states ihts bill held the upper huud I the house began 4 hours of de jte on the sizzling issue A de jsivevote was likely Wednesday lesenate has passed a measure issing the soldier vote problem to ft states but now is considering iiw legislation the house had ordered a sep pate vote on the Dorley D Tex 11 it would havedeparted from istom since the rules do not pro de ordinarily lor records on how ich member stands on proposed Tiendments or substitutes to lending legislation The federal ballot Worley ill will be offered as a substiute r the states rights bill reported y the house elections committtee his is a modified form of the previously passed by the jriate Democrats arid republicans I lashed in the senate over respon ibility lor delaying a vote on the dministrations war ballot bill or the armed services On the house side meanwhile linority Leader Martin of Massa husetts predicted that the major ty ol republicans would oppose a pecial roll call vote on the wai oiallot legislation Majority Leader Burkley u Ijiy declared in the senateat Jhe pace were going the soldiers IHIU be lucky to vote in the presi jletatial election of 1972 Sen Taft immedi fately counteredwith an assertion iflhatdemocratic J in the 4or hoi This Consists of Two On e i speaker anq majority lea der 1 floor nsideration until Tuesday of a jiatepassed states rights bill rijga hich President Roosevelt de HftKl ounces last week fraud Rep Martins statement cams ter a conference of republicat embers of the house Martir id it would be an extraordinary ocedure to adopt a special rul r a record vote on the uniform deral ballot bill after approva 1 the house elections committee a states rights measure The senate wrangle came a bate was reopened on a bill b 3nators Green D H I and icas D 111 which would senc uniform absenteefederal ballo everjone in uniform The bit almost identical to one defeate the senate in December whei le states rights measure wa IiSassed leaving absentee up to the states 1 An assertion by Taft that Presi dent Roosevelt had impugned th motives of all senators who op pose the federal ballot touchei 1 off heated exchange between him and Senator Lucas Lucas strode into the well o the senate and shouted to Taft Did you go out to Ohio ai make a couple of speeches ac 1 cusing the backers of the Green Lucas bill of frauctt I Yes I did Taftjsnapped Then Taft explained he ha Said that the federal ballot i a fraud on the soldiers of th United States But he added g said nothing about any membe of the senate Well whos responsible fo the bill Lucas demanded I isnta clear implication o fraud Against those who voted lo iff I it then I dont understand th English languageI dont like i ViSJ and Im not going to take iff without protesting iM Lucas added that lfc like Taf M believed the president wa jyj wrong in referring to th S3j states rights bill as a fraud as ift sorting 13V i so stated on the floor of th If senate but that didnt satisf 4 the senator from Ohio He wen out and made the same kind o f charge He wants to get in the J same boat as the president He ji Taft is a candidate now for presidentof the United States NO 1M MARINES GUARD THEIR the casualties are brought down to the beach left squads of riflemen accompany them in event the Japs attacking in over whelmingnumbers should penetrate the marine line of this raid behind enemy lines on Bougainville But the marine line held despite repeated Japanese efforts to pierce the position Allied Troops Smash Ahead on New Italian Beachhead REACH EDGE OF TOWNWITHIN16 MILES OF ROME Americans Hammer Out New Gains on Main Front North of Cassino Allied Headquarters Algiers Allied troops bursting for ward in a blg offensive from their day night headquarters con tinued On the 8th army front Cana dians attacking in clear weather with strong tank and artillery support advanced against heavy German opposition from dugin positions German fighter planes twice were repulsed in raids on allied positions in the Orsogna area Eighteen nazi planes fell to al lied sharpshooters during the day The weather limited allied operations to 800 sorties under the number they have been fly ing in widespread activities Four allied ships were lost Photographs showed 80 planes were destroyed on the ground in allied raids on German air v b ases Mistakes False Teeth for Ash Tray Bums Hole in Upper Plate New Brunswick N J local lady with 85 years and a number of young ideas to her credit had her answer all ready when friends asked why she was stepping out without her upper dental plate She put the denture on a window sill she said while she sat back one aflernoori and enjoyed a cigaret in secret Then Eiic mistook the plate for an ash tray and burned a hole clear through the middle of her uppers theoutskifts of Gampoleorie only 16 miles southeast of Rome and also to the edge of Cistcrna com munications town on the Appian way 14 miles northeast of Anzio headquarters announced Tuesday Campoleone is 15 miles above the invasion port of Anzio American troops attacking on the main front north of Cassino have hammered out new gains meanwhile and seized 250 prison ers from the German 41th infantry division A field dispatch said German defenses in the corridor above Cassino were beginning to crumble U S units striking northeast of Anzio have reached within halt a mile of Cisterna a key vail and road junction and large air base They found the Germans well dug in on the border of the city and resisting strongly British forces pushing north ward carried ahead in a coor dinated assault to the edge of Campoleone The twin attacks were the first big offensive since the landings An allied officer said the nazis brought troops from the area north of Rome to meet the allied blows But the navy said that al lied landing of reinforcements and supplies vw ere proceeding on schedule under favorable condi tions American heavy bombers reached into Austria seeking to destroy German air strength pounding the air base at Klagen furt The bombers also smashed at fields at Aviano and Udine in northern Italy A field dispatch dated Monday from Associated Press Corre spondent Hal Boyle said the Americans of the 5th army who drove a wedge into the nazis Gustav line were pursuing the retreating nazis through the hills north of Cassino Tuesday as the entire enemy defenses in this key corridor to Rome began to crumble The nature of extensive and powerful enemy fortifications was disclosed with capture of numer ous German troops including of ficers Boyle added Some prisoners complained they had been in the line 2 days with out food indicating that air Si tacks on Geiman communica tion lines were giving the nazis a major supply problem Boyle said Patrols said the town ot Cas sino itself still was strongly held by the enemy British forces in the lower Garigliano valley to the west made short advances capturing Ml Natale northwest of Min turno and winning 1000foot Mt Purgatorio northeast of Castcl fortc The allied consolidated positions on Mt and re pulsed counterattacks in the Castelforte sector headquarters I said French troops made local ad vances in the hills above Cassino American artillery fire drove off I two German counterattacks Sun 5 days bt air war to 251 German planes wrecked in the air and aground A Berlin broadcast said ex tensive fires were started at Udine and other northern Italian cities by the heavy bombers Flying fortresses with P3B lightning and P47 thunderbolt es corts caught German defensas flat footed at Klagenfurt covering the field hangars and with a shower of bombs They did not meet a single fighter or any flak and pilots said many fires were started with 3 hangars probably destroyed Other flying fortresses and lib erators with lightning and thun derbolt protectors shot down 16 enemy planes in blows at Udine 60 miles northeast of Venice and Aviano 45 miles above Venice It was the 2nd consecutive attack upon Udine Sixteen other planes were de stroyed aground These 3 bases are of vital im portance to nazi longrange fight ers and bombers There was little air activity Monday over the invasion beach head but allied planes hit heavily at enemy that area communications neni Crisls Is Reported Brewing in Argentina Montevideo Uruguay lPi A government crisis is brewing in Argentina as a result of her break witli the axis private re ports said Tuesday but predicted that President Gen Pedro Rami rez would remain in power with a reshuffled cabinet PRESSURE IS PUT ON FRANCO Doubt Spain to Sever Relations With Axis London proFranco md antiFranco elements among Spaniards here expressed doubt Tuesday that Generalissimo Fran cisco Franco would go to the ex tent ol breaking off Spains diplo matic relations with the axis de spite AmericanBritish economic anddiplomatic pressure j A diplomat in Buentts Aires had weeic and bath axis and neutral sources told of a hurst ofdiplomatic activity at Madrid It had been expected British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden would make a statement in com mons Tuesday on BritishSpanish relations but by midafternoon he had nol appeared and it was un likely he would Tuesday Francos adherents who proless neutrality argued that the Ger mans across the border in France are a more serious immediate menace to Spain than are the United States and Britain at a distance even with their power of blockading Spain from the sea Opponents of Franco added to this that he is ideologically pro German and hopes for a German victory They said a Spanish rup ture with tile axis seemed prob able if Franco were forced out by a faction or coalition which was convinced the allies will win the war Among the developments in the situation was a broadca Germancontrolled radio saying the allies had threatened to cul off Spains food supplies and told Franco he must submit or fight In Madrid newspapers carriec on their front pages a brief Wash ington dispatch that the Ameri can department of state in accord with the British government gave an order for shipments of petro leum for Spain in the month of February to be suspended ac cording to an official communi que The newspapers made no com ment and gave no further details REDS CONTINUE DRIVES NEARER ESTONIAN LINE Fight Nazis in Streets of Kingisepp City at Gateway to Baltic London army troops on the northern front have cap tured Kingisepp last German stronghold barring the way to Es tonia Soviet Premier Josef Stalin announced in an order of the day Tuesday London red army con tinued its steady drive toward the Estonian frontier Tuesday tvith units of Gen Leonid A Govorovs Leningrad army battling stubborn German troops in the streets of Kingisepp gateway to the Baltic and 13 miles from the ancient for tified city ot Narva 5 miles inside the Estonian border Both the Moscow communique and front line dispatches reported continuing Russian successes ail along the northern front Soviet troops crossed the Luga river 27 miles southeast of Kingi sepp and captured the town of Lipa 2 miles further west in ad dition to forcing the water barrier at several other points and south Kingisepp German broadcasts said the Russians made further advances in a few sectors between Lake llmeri and the Gulf of Finland The communiciue reported a strong Russian breakthrough at the Nikopol bridgehead in the Dnieper bend and southwest of Dnepropetrovsk Jn addition to his frontal at tack on Kingisepp and other en emy positions along the prewar Estonian border between the Gulf of Finland mid Lake Pcipus 30 niles to the south Govorov sent another force down the Lenin gradPskov railway toward Luka capturing Divinskaya on the way Here Govorovs spearheads ivere less than 37 miles from a junction with Gen K A Meret skovs Volkhov front army mov ing up from the Lake Ilmen dis trict This pincers movement hasalready isolated therblea1 and east the communique reported Meretskov was battling deter mined enemy resistance the Rus sians said but his men overran 40 towns and villages during Mondays advance including Za U S INVADES MARSHALLS Prewitt Editor of Forest City Summit Is Found Dead Forest R Prewitt 75 editor and coowner ot the Win nebagoTHancock Summit weekly newspaper died of a heart attack at his home Monday afternoon He had been ill for about 2 weeks The body was found at his lome by a roomer while Prewitts only child Lester and wife were at Algonn attending the funeral of the hitters father Lee O Wolfe who also was a newspaper man Editor Prewilt had been in For est City since 1915 ami served as postmaster for 10 years He had been a publisher for more than 50 years Funeral services will be held Thursday afternoon at the Meth odist church the Rev C H Pet tersen officiating Burial will be at Marensro Friday beside his wife who died in 1925 Mr Prewitt was born at Free born in Owen county Indiana July 11 1068 son ofD W ann Elizabeth Light Prewitt He came to FonlaneJlc lowi in a covered wagon with his parents 187C He entered the newspaper busi ness in October 1885 as a printer apprentice on the Fontanelle Ob server Jn 1889 lie established the Journal at Irwin and a year lator went to Gilmorc City wherehe established the Globe In 1892 he went buck to the Fontanelle Observer Shortly afterwards lie sold that paper and went to Oklahoma taking part in the opening ot the Cherokee Strip Returning to Jowa he was mar ried to June Ringler at Marengo in 1898 She died in 192ft Mr Prewitt then published the Index at Victor and the Sentinel at Onawa where he was postmds ter for B years j Clly where he boiisrht the Summit Irim William Potts He served as post master from 1920 to 1930 W II PKEWITT Attack Victim jechye 3 miles from the Luga Pskov highway and 22 miles south of Luga Meretskov was apparently bypassing Batctskayn on the south in an effort to cut the LeningradPskov railway At the lower end of the 230 mile long northern front Gen M M Popovs 2nd Baltic army was registering steady gains in its drive toward Latvia from Novo sofcolniki the communique said Moscow however made no men tion of developments on the Ukraine front where Berlin claimed that 10 soviet infantry di visions and several tank corps were wiped out in a 6 day battle near Vinnitsa NOTED FAINTER DIES London Falcon 71 wellknown landscape painter died Tuesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer Tuesday night and Wednesday lowest temperature Tuesday night at Mason City 20 lotva Increasing cloudiness Tues day night Wednesday mostly cloudy with occasional light rain beginning over the west and south central portions in the afternoon warmer Wednes day and in the west portion Tuesday night Minnesota Mostly fair Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy to cloudy occasional light rain or snow extreme southwest portion Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITV GlobeGazettr weather statistics Maximum Monday 36 Minimum Monday night 11 At 8 a m Tuesday 15 YEAR AGO Maxipiuin i 16 Minimum Minus 9 Man Who Began at 6 to Be Firebug Says He Started 200 Fires Los Anjeles 40 year old hotel night clerk who would rather set fires than get married was held Tuesday after confess ing starting more than 50 blazes in this area Arrested during Members of Ottumwa Police Interviewed in Alleged Payoff System Ottumwa of the Ottumwa police department were interviewed as County Attorney John D Moon continued an in vestigation of an alleged liquor and gambling payoff system here The probe Moon said might cover the last 2 or years It would nol be reasonable to attempt to go too far into the his tory of gambling rackets in thi city he added State statutes limit such action to A years G E Rhoads Ottumwa public safety commissioner and Herbert Bagg were arrested last week in connection with the investigation Moon asserted that Bagg a former hotel clerk said in a sworn state ment that he had beerr a col lector from operators of gam bling devices who were seeking protection and that most of the money collected was turned ovei to Uhoads fire at a hotel where he was working Clarence Everett Steepleton said he should have been in Las Vegiis Nov getting married but decided to stay here and set the fire instead He started firebugging when he was 6 he said but burning a shanty back of his Empire Ohio home and working up through the chicken coop and more shan ties to a livery stable in Sisters vilJc Va Eight horses died in that one he said I laid off for a while after that He computed his to tal at over 200 No one ever was hurt in his hotel fires ho related explain ing he had an urge to toss burn ing papers into unmade beds He was arrested during the 2nd such blaze at the hotel where he was employed and In 3929 his son Lester tamo rom Osage to nssist as publisher hey purchased the Winnebago Republican a half dozen years ago Survivors are the son Lester vho is in Red Cross work sta ioned at the Great Lakes navai raining station at Chicago and a brother Wilson Prewitt of Ex celsior Springs Wis Mr Prewitt was n 32nd degree Mason an Odd Fellow a Knight of Pythias and a member of the M E A IOWAN DIES IN TRAIN CRASH 2 M St L Freights Collide at Searsboro Scarsboro Iowa 3eorge Robinson of vas killed and 3 other trainmen vere injured in the crash of L Vlinneapoiis and St Louis freigh trains here Monday afternoon L Eker of Marshalltown engi neer on the second locomotive of train on which Robinson was serv ingv wastaKten to an Oskaloos hospital but his condition was be lieved to be not serious Fireme on each of the engines were in jured slightly Coroner Walter Phillips said he did not obtain the name of the firemen related thiit th doublcheader train crashed int the caboose ot a train standing a the Searsboro station One o the doublcheader engine toppled into a nearby crcekbei and the other was derailed Phil lips said Ihe wreckage was si great that the tracks could not bi cleared before laic Tuesday at th earliest Carrier Ticonderoga to Be Launched Feb 7 Newport News Va h c aircraft carrier Ticondcroga sixth flattop to be launched here in 24 months will slide into the James river on Feb 7 at the plan of the Newport News Shipbuild ing and Dry Dock company PENICILLIN IS SOUGHT Des Moiiics smal amount of penicillin w a s being sought by officials ot the low state highway patrol for Palm Sgl Herbert Jennings seri ously ill in an Otlumwa Iowa hospital suffering from a throat induced blood stream poisoning and a weak heart Warned to Quit French Mediterranean Coast London Vichy radi broadcast a warning Tuesday t all inhabitants of the French Mediterranean coast whose pres encc is not indispensable to mov inland immediately The broad cast said the evacuees could mak private arrangements with reia lives but must not go to anothe coastal area or towns o mor than 20000 population BEACHHEADSON SLE SEIZED IN HEAVY BAM Points Near Roi and Kwajalein Are Taken by U S Troops Pearl Harbor n i I e d Stales troops landed in the urshiiH islands near Roi and uajalem and have established Beachheads Mm Chester AV Nimitz rc wrted in a communiciue Tuesday Japanese are putting up strons opposition but initial in ormation indicates American casualties so far have been mod erate This is the first time invasion uis been attempted of any Icrri ory the Japanese held before Pearl HarborOur troops are fighting to take islands which the enemy has been preparing a quar ter of a century Admiral Niniilz said the fourth marines division headed by Maj Gen Harry Schmidt landed in the Roi island area and the th In fantry commanded by 3Iaj Gen Charles II Corlett landed in the Kivajalcin island area The plan of operation presum ably calls tor securing lightly de feuded islands near Kwajalein and Koi and then blasting at those Z strong points of Kwajalein atoll preparatory to capturing them Kwajateiu island has an excellent narborV seaplane bases and Roi probably the best airfield in the Marshalls fn theselandings covered by continuous heavy aerial bombard ment of the entire Marshalls group by carrier aircraft and surface forces the Americans have struck at the very heart of the archi pelago both geographically and from a vulnerable standpoint The push into the very heart ot the Marshalls possibly is the bold est big operation of the Pacific war but is not the suicidal strike it might appear For 4 weeks the 71h AAF nomli crs have struck daily and often also at night at Jap airfields in the Marshalls so consistently that Gen Willis H Hale recently re ported they all were neutralized from 20 to 80 per cent The past 3 days carrier planes laid hundreds of tons of bombs on these fields and supporting battle ships cruisers and destroyers went in close to bombard all in stallations on Kwajalein and Roi where marines and infantry were to hit CHARGED WITH CONSPIRACY I Chicago sub pcnas have been issued for the records of 2 Fort Dodge Iowa and 13 other scrum companies charged with conspiracy in re straint of trade Iowa Draft Call for March Double Light Quota of February DCS Moincs Gen Charles H Grahl stale selective service director said Tuesday Iowas draft quota for March is about double the February call The February quota was cut considerably because of the new preinduction examination system which formally became effective Tuesday Quotas were lightened waile the administrative changes were being worked out Grahl said The March call is a little more than the January call and a little less than the December call Ihe general said He termed next Buy War Savings Bonds Stamps from your GlobeGazette i view of the light February re carrier bor quirements months quola as not loo high in PATTON REVIEWS POLISH Gen George S Patton commander of the U S Seventh army reviews troops of the Polish armored regiment The Polish troops stationed in Egypt awaiting their call to action with allied forces against the nazis arc determined to gain revenge for the crimes committed against their people and home land 10 COUNTIES REACH QUOTAS State Headquarters Reports on Progress DCS Sloincs Iowa counties have reached or sur passed their subscription quotas in the Hh war loan drive the stale war finance committee an nounced Tuesday They included Van Buren quota of 5335000 Adah S530 000 Madison S532000 Allama kec S63fOOO and Pocahontas 3742000 Bond chairmen of the 5 other counties asked state officials to withhold announcement of their achievement until their canvasses were completed Figures released from the Fed eral Reserve bonk at Chicago showed that as of last Saturday Iowa had reached S 18500000 or 2G per cent of its E bond qvmta of S66nOO000 while sales to in dividuals including E bonds total ed Stale bond headquarters said it expected to see increased sales after Tuesday when corporations and insurance companies became eligible to buy special securities offered for the campaign These include the 2j per cent treasury bonds of 196570 2j per cent treasury bonds of 195659 and the Ts per cent certificates of in debtedness series A1S45 The slate soldiers bonus board purchased SI200000 of war bonds Edwin Curtis executive secretary said Buy Mar Savinss Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;