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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 1, 1940, Mason City, Iowa HAR LOU E HIST A AR T NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PBESS FULL LEASES WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY THE BRIGHT k SPOT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 11940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 100 JAPAN STUDIES NEW PLAN ON ARMS Demos Eye Ballots in North By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist Its a funny thing that the supporters of southern presiden tial possibilities are advertis ting their candidates as prospec tively excellent votecatchers in the northJand And boosters for northern possi b i 1 i t i e s are bragging about their various candidate s supposed popu larity in Dixie For instance State Secretary Cordell Hull of Ten n e s s e e is perhaps the Coraell Hull democrats out standing white house hope if we discount a Rooseveltian t h i r e nomination for 1940 And Vice President Garner Some few ob jections are raised to him but no objections to him are based on the ground that hes from as far south as Texas On the republican side Senator Robert Tafts backers speak o the asserted by them fact that the Ohio statesman should have so strong an appeal to the electo rate on the lower side of the Ma sonDixon line Tom Dewey like wise is publicized by his friends for his alleged acceptability to southern he lives in New Yorkand is a native Michi gan der I can understand that Hull 01 Garner undoubtedly would be highly satisfactory to the southern states but that isnt what theii advocates urge they take it fo granted as unquestionably theyre sure to be Their tea argument though is that eithe one of the pair wouldbplenty strong in the northern half of the How About Vaudenberg And whats the ground for the Taftites1 and Deweyitcs conten tion that either one of their tw would be especially well liked by southerners If so why cant th same thing be said of Senato Vandenberg of Michigan Yet hi partisans havent suggested it yet I suppose that Taftites and Dew ryites simply happened to thini of the idea first Maybe the Van lenbergites will get around to i later Of course its true that north crners regularly have been electee to the white house ever since Civi war days However when theyve bee republicans the south has bee against them Its just been out voted because the north is mor populous than the south is To b sure there always have bee rome northern democrats but no enough of them to offset th northern preponderance of re publicans over the combine southern and northern demo cratic lineup Also a few democrats have wo the presidency but all have bee northerners The southernei have supported them but the supported them as the best demo crats the south could get They have preferred southerners b u they didnt nominate em becaus they weve sure theyd be beaten a the polls if they did Chamberlain Wont Name Economics Minister No Use Says Hull Not so many years ago Secre tary Hull then a senator to me Theres no use in talkin presidentially about a southerne in my time Were not far enoug from the secession period I guef he was riyht then Bu he was mistaken in saying as t HIS time At the present wri ing he himself is copiously talkc about Hull and Gamer are a trifle ol hut theres no tendency to dis cximinate against them as south erners Nor do Taft and Dewey cln us particularly antiDixie On th contrary the G O P plugs fo them as proDixieites How it will work is proble malic This is the first time in two oir three generations that sectional ism hasnt figured presidentiaily in precampaign calculations Has It been wiped off the slate as an election issue Were liable to get a couple of plates thatll tell us in Novem ber Imagine a democratic ticket making a bid for the northern vote And a republican ticket LABOR PARTYS DEMAND MEETS QUICK REFUSAL Prime Minister Would Then Have Nothing Left to LONDON Minister Chamberlain in the house of com mons Thursday rejected an op position demand that he include an economic dictator in his war cabinet Replying to a motion by Labor te Herbert Morrison for such 3 subject of sharp po itical h e prime minister retorted It seems to me the cxislence of a minister who would lie Hie dictator over all economics departments the right honorable member described would change the position of the prime minister and I do not sec what the prime minister would have left to do by the time this gen tleman had given his orders to all departments Chamberlain earlier announced hat terms of a financial agree ment between the governmen md Ihe nations railways woulc 3e outlined in a white paper probably next week He said the government was entering into a large number of financial agreements of all kinds Laborites in the demand for ap pointment of an economic min ister to the war cabinet held tha organization of the phase of the struggle with Ger many had lagged behind the res of the countrys war activity Support for the cabinet change cut across all party lines with the even strongly pro government London Times joining in the chorus calling for correction of what it called inadequate rcprescnlafioii of the economic side of Ihe war cabinet f T On the physical side of the war the latest reported British losses credited to torpedoes anc bombs were the 5063ton steamer Vaclite and the 1178 ton steamer Highwave the former torpedoed in convoy and the latter bombe off the British coast The entire crew of 18 of the Highwave reached the Nether lands Wednesday night two of them wounded by machinegun fire They told how a German plane dropped 20 bombs at their ship Monday before a direct hi sent her under Apparently also lost was the 4634 ton British steamer Roya Crown with 12 of her crew Fif teen men who abandoned the ship Tuesday in the North sea when bomb struck amidships rcnchec the British coast in a lifeboat Wednesday A second lifeboat was missing They said a German plane first machinegunned the decks killing the ships anliaircraft runner before he could get inlo aclion Four members of the crew were killed oulrigtit and eight othqrs were drowned Britain already has s minister of economic warfare but iie is not a member of the war cabinet He is Ronald Hibbert Crass and his main work is breaking down Germanys trade The proposed ministerial job would entail building up Britains trade Also outside the war cab inet are the secretary of Die board of trade the secretary of over seas trade and the minister ot shipping all of whose work is part of the general economic ef fort Negotiations for Honorable Peace Offered to Russians by Finnish President Kallio War Diet Hears Leader Promise Not to Bow to Imperialistic Aims H E LXS I N K I if President Kallio in an impassioned speech in a solemn final session of the war diet repeated Thursday Finlands offer to negotiate an honorable peace with Russia but said that Finland would not bend oefore imperialistic aims We are forced to destroy people innocent of this war people we have no reason lo hate as a nation the president said For this reason we regard this barbarous altack as senseless and are ready to negotiate an honor able peace Russia ignored the previous of fer of peaceful negotiations broadcast by Foreign Minister Vaino Tanner on Dec 15 in an appeal addressed to soviet Premi erForeign Commissar Molotoff The day after the appeal how ever an authorized statement is sued in Moscow and based on Russias expulsion from the league of nations asserted the soviet union was not waging or interested in waging a war against Finland The aged whitehaired presi dent speaking with a firm voice expressed Finlands thanks for foreign aid and added We sincerely hope the term humanitarian help may be made to cover civilian air defense and antiaircraft equipment and that such help might le given us for protection of the popula tion behind the an aggressor who uses tfie air force in a most inhuman man ner against civilians Kallio mentioned particularly our neighbor Sweden who he said has shown her identity of fate with us x x In addition to her boun tiful material help wellequipped volunteer forces have come from there to help us He reviewed the negotiations preceding the invasion of Finland by soviet Hussia and said Finland was ready to make even heavy sacrifices to preserve peace but two weeks after the negotiations came to a standstill the soviet government unilaterally violated every agreement concluded with Finland and invaded our coun try The president praised the unanimity of the diet and gov ernment and said a more harmonious page has surely never before been written in the lusfory of the Finnish parlia ment We who are primarily re sponsible before the nation and before history for the decisions we have made as well as their consequences he said luive had an unshakable inner conviction tluil the heart of Ihe people in de lense of our rights has beaten in time with ours closed with a prayer for Finland LOOK INSIDE FOR JOI13V BARRYMORE Daughter and Estranged Wife Fight Over Him PAGE 2 Mason City Cagers in Three Tough Contests PAGE 13 PLEASANTVILLE SCHOOL BURNS LOSS IS No One Hurt Firemen Unable to Check Fire in Iowa Structure PLEASANTVILLE rag ing fire destroyed the threefloor brick high school building here Thursday morning causing a loss estimated by Supt Loren Bane at more than Bane said Ihe blaze was dis covered at oclock Thurs day morning and burned al most unchecked for two hours to destroy the 25 year old struc ture No one was injured The Knoxville fire department sent its equipment on a fast 11 mile journey to help the Pleasant ville department battle the con flagration The superintendent said the fire may have started in the wiving School officials said high schoo classes would be resumed next Monday somehow They indi cated that some effort may be made to crowd a few classes into the grade school building loeatec on the other side of town V The higrh schools enrollment is approximately 20D De stroyed alons with all the school supplies were student be longings football and basketball equipment and band uniforms I Wheu the alarm firs Eburiaea Bane saia the Build ing was so full of gas that w couldnt recover a thing The structure contained abou 25 rooms Pleasantville is in northwcs Marion county 27 miles south west of Des Moines Emmetsburg Farmer Is Attacked by Cow PAGE 11 E Plane Sees Victim According to the Germanapproved caption this picture shows a British suinin Hie North seaas a Gernwn bombrne which this picture into a dive and let the machine gun speak its own language across the deck of the boat The cap tion continues The Briifsh understand stop and take io boats making cmc a bid for the southern In a queer fashion it would im ply that were reunited Dr Kiger Declares Man Reaches Peak Mental Age After 50 LOS ANGELES reaches his top mental age after 50 says Dr YV H Kiger of Los Angeles Dr Kiger former president of the California state medical asso ciation in a paper presented at the western section meeting of the American college of surgeons said former estimates that man reached his mental peak between 40 and 50 had been revised He added that when a man gets past the 501060 physical danger age his life expectancy increases going up to 15 years after 60 and to 16 years at the age of 65 WOMAN WRITER IS PUT IN JAIL Takes Taxi and Is Charged With Driving While Intoxicated NEW YORK Rog ers St John the writer was ar rested early Thursday at the wheel of a taxicab and jailed on charges of driving while drunk passing a red light and driving without an operators license Her arraignment was scheduled later in felony court Benjamin Rosenfeld taxicab driver said Mrs St John had hired him to drive her to her home in Manbasset N Y and that on the way he had stopped to make a telephone call at a lunch wagon leaving her n the cab Parked nearby was a cab beglonging to Francis DAiello who was in the lunch wagon eating When Rosenfeld returned his cab was empty and DAiellos cab was disappearing down the road with Mrs St John driving he said Both drivers gave chase in Rosenfelds cab They caught up with her and notified Patrolman Harper Kitching who stopped and arrested Mrs St John She is 45 a writer of romance and thriller fiction She was in tlie news three years ago when her party was involved in a free forall brawl at a night club here By THE ASSOCIATED PEESS L O N D O battle in commons for in clusion of economics min ister in war cabinet minis ter disavows intention to limit United Slates and other powers in China war minister says Japanese remain alert against soviet in far east i n ni s h commander says previous ly determined defense lines are being held against Rus sia soviet raid kills 15 French pa t r o 1 s penetrate German lines gain valuable infor mation France says The Weather FORECAST IOWA Moslly cloudy Thurs day nielli and Friday some what colder Thursday night MINNESOTA Mostly clouds Thursday night and Friday somewhat colder in north and extreme southwest Thursday niffht IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Wednesday 31 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a m Thursday 27 The mercury soared to above the freezing mark Wednesday marking the complete end of the cold wave This January thaw cam as the month ended Barn yard weather forecasters mean while revived the groundhog tradition as they waited for the type of weather for Friday YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 10 Prccip 11 FINNS GIVE WAR REPORT Declare Huge Numbers of Reds Slain Much Booty Lost by Soviet SOMEWHERE IN FINLAND Finnish command sum marized the second month of the war Thursday in a statement which said the invading army of Soviet Russia had lost huge numbers of men and an immense amount of booty It did not give exact figures on Ihe soviet casualties but army communiques have specified a to lal of more than 12000 Russian dead to date and unofficial re ports have placed them far high er Some neutral observers have remarked that the reported Rus sian casualties are far in excess of those in other wars on the basis of numbers engaged General Hugo Oesterman Fin nish army commander received foreign correspondents at his field headquarters Wednesday but was silent on the number ol Russian and Finnish casualties Except for daily communiques which sometimes tell of heavy enemy losses hundreds of enemy killed and dead in heaps with specific figures mentioned at in tervals the Finns are keeping to themselves whatever information they have on losses suffered by both sides After two months of fighting the chief of the Finnish civil air defenses reported Tuesday tha 300 soviet planes had been shot down and 800 Russian Dirmen killed V Finnish civilian casualties were given as 400 dead and 930 wounded in 642 raids in which 20340 bombs were dropped on 207 localities Daytoday figures on the civ ilian air raid dead have totaled about 300 with the reports in many cases incomplete lending to confirm the air defense summary Fifteen were killed and 60 wounded Wednesday in a raid by 27 soviet bombers on Rovanienii in northwest Finland Russian officials have dealt in even more general trems than the Finns in describing their opera tions House Farm Bloc Expects Defeat on Appropriations Agriculture Chiefs Plan to Make Last Ditch Fight in Senate ARITA ASSERTS AIMS IN CHINA ARE INFLEXIBLE Exclusionist Policies of Some Nations Are Declared Bur to Peace TOKIO Army chieftains asked parliament Thursday at the outset of its new session foi for a new armament program The navy asked at the same time the modest sum of 000 27800000 yen for a five year program of rearming war ships now in service Tiie armys request was in two categories 11 2 00 0 0000 yen for a three year arma ment replenishment plant 514000000 yen for a five year armament improvement plan Requests for the appropriation came immediately after the pro nouncement at the new session of the keynote policy speeches by ministers of the new government of Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai Forcif u Minister Hachiro Arila in his speech pledged he nation to inflexible pursuit of its aims in China and warned that real world peace based on justice could not be attained as IOIIB as some nations adhered to exclusionist policies and an unjust status as regards race religion territory resources trade immigration and other matters General Shunroku Hata war minister charged in his speech that Russian troops had violated the Manchukuan frontier scores of times since the truce effected on the outer MongoliaManclm kuo frontier last September and sud that as the result the Japa nese army was not relaxing its watch He thai China had lost 3 000000 troops in lie ChinCc Japancso war W A S H 1 N GTON members from farm states decided Thursday to put a battle for several major items dropped from next years farm appropriation bill but they agreed their efforts prob ably were doomed to defeat The last ditch stand for a full schedule of farm expenditures for next year is evpecfcd la be made in the senate after the house has passed the bill late Thursday or Friday if Representative OkliO sponsor strategy meeting si Ferguson fD of Thursdays agriculture department priation bill appro This administration lias asked farmers lo curtail their acre age he said and has promised them parity pre1314 prices in return It is legally and morally bountl to give them parity Senator Russell D Ga termed action of the house appropriations committee in clipping the farm measure to as atroc ious and unpardonable They eliminated items which they know will have to be restored in order to dump Ihe responsibil ity on the senate and clothe them selves wilh the selfrighteous robes of economy Russell said Downtown Secretary Wailaco China Admiral Yonai the new pre mier emphasized Hie imporlance of Japans economic problems which now include a fuel and novver sliorlaje and expressed the covernments desire to keep out ol Ihe European war Tiie parliament liid been ad journed upon the fall last month of the government of General Nobuyuki Abe Foreign Minister Arita in hjs speech expressed regret that it had proved impossible to negotiate a new JapaneseAmerican trade treaty to replace that which the United States denounced because of ils displeasure with Japans course in China He siid Japan would do its best to respect interests of foreign group would support m amend ment by Representative Iacc D Ga for restoration of the single largest item cut out of the bill by the house appropriations commit lo supplement other appropriations for surplus crop disposal There were numerous expres sions however to the effect that this move was certain of defeat because of the parliamentary situ ation in the house The appropriations committee knocked the fund out ol the bill on the ground Unit congress had not previously authorized that ex penditure Fiscal authorities claimed that on that technicality they could block an effort to re store it The sroup composed ol more llian 40 members from 22 slates also agreed lo attempt to rein state other items totaling about 575000000 mostly for farm tenant loans and benefit pay ments lo sugar growers the i blasted it the house committee Ariias remarks on exclusion action with n statement lhat the cmc at llle ellti of ilis speech He IOWA ATTORNEY DIES RED OAK L Hazylett attorney here 25 years died after a six weeks illness Chairman Jones DTex of the house agriculture committee said the temper of that house was such that an effort to add for farm parity pay ments would be futile When voting on amendments began in the house farm mem bers succeeded however by a skimpy margin of ten votes in tentatively forcing a 5126828 in crease in a proposed 5100000 fund for dry land experiment stations i The teller vote was 106 to 96 Chairman Smith D S Car of the senate agriculture commit tee told reporters thai he would make i vigorous fight fo have proposed SI 54000000 reduction under budget estimates would in flict a grave injustice on farm ers and would impair industrial activity and employment Although telling reporters lhat he did not wish to criticize efforts toward economy Wallace said that an interesting political issue would be raised unless the cuts were restored I waul lo put the farmer on guard against attempts of some congressmen to scutllc the farm program lie said I would ask Ihe farmers this qucslion vhcn hey went lo vote Which way lire you must likely lo he taken care of in The house listened Wednesday to pleas of feirm leaders for res toration of funds deleted by the committee Leading the drive Jones D of the agriculture committee con tended that the tariff has unbal anced the relationship between in dustry and agriculture and that it is necessary for some sort of ac tion to be taken to bring back the balance The house expected to dispose of the agriculture bill Thursday or Friday and send it to the sen ate Olympus Region Is Shaken by Earthquake LONDON British news agency Reuters dispatch parity payments written into the1 houses collapsed from Salonika Greece Thursday reported some los of life1 in an earthquake which shoo k the Mount Olympus region Several had expressed displeasure at the yllied blockade lie said that Japan had decided at the outset to re main neutral but that it was rea lized that the European war must profoundly affect China and the stabilization of east Asia so that the government while watching the development of the war with grave concern is however de termined to take appropriate steps to meet any change in the situation International pence fails lo be maintained for various reasons But after all is this not largely due lo the fact that some nations insist upon trying to maintain an irrational and unjust status quo relative to race religion territory resources trade immigration and other matters by adopting exclu sionist policies or by abusing their superior positions Ueal world peace based on justice can not therefore be ex pected lo prevail unless and un til Ihesc causes arc thoroiiehly examined and Hie root of the evil is eliminated afler which all countries would be enabled to find each its proper place in the family of nations Additional significance might be attached to Aritas words because of the emphasis he put on Japans friendship for Germany and Italy two other nations which are de manding a larger share of the worlds goods Japans relations with Germany and Italy have grown increasing ly cordial ever since the conclu sion of ttic anticomintcrn agree ment he said Our nation is profoundly grateful to the gov ernments and peoples of those countries for the sympathy and support they have extended to ;