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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 1, 1917, Mason City, Iowa i op VOL XXIV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY I 1917 NO 67 and Lansing in Con ference Over Future Course of U S UV BREAK WITH TEUTONS d3 IF AMERICAN RIGHTS J ON SEAS INFRINGED ayThought Possible Some Action 7Sii Has Already Been Ttaken H But Not Made Public it Washington Feb Wilson and Secretary Lansing discus sed the submarine situation for an hour today after Secretary Lansing worked all the morning oil a docu ment which lie took with him to the fjl White House After the conference the secretary refused categorically to say what had been decided upon A warning to Germany that sever ance of diplomatic relations will fol low putting into effect of such a campaign of ruihlessness as she an nounced or actual severance on Ger manys announcement as it stands are the possibilities of steps the gov ernment may take Tlieeris noofficial ground how ever tor stating that either of thesd courses has been selected although jfijone is generally expected IK r Washington Feb submarine warfare inaugurated to day by Germany brings the United States face to face with what Presi dent Wilson has solemnly declared to he the only alternative to recogni tion of American rights on the high break in diplomatic rela tions with its accompanying grim possibilities After hours of conference between President Wilson and Secretary Lan it became known today hat tire German situation is viewed with ex reme gravity and the American oyernrnent has already begun to ormulatc definite steps It is regarded as not impossible that action of some kind already has teen taken but there is no indica tion of its nature Passports for Count Von Berns torff and orders for recall of Ambas sador Gerard and solemn warning to Berlin that a breach of her pledg es means a severance of diplomatic relations or tense waiting for an A overt act which would sweep aside diplomacy and bring the American lAgovernment to a point of action arc among the contingencies which fill the situation today The president conferred withCol M House his friend and ad viser who was hurriedly summoned K from New York fl An evidence of the efforts of the embassy here to keep relations tran f quil is found in comparison of the note handed yesterday to Secretary Lansing by Von Bernstoiff with tlie Vfi one handed by the Berlin foreign of fice to Gerard The note published at Berlin announced in bold terms the determination of Germany to wield every weapon at hJicommand while the note presented the Ameri can department says the same tiling in softened language How it is frankly disclosed that TirpitK who originated the cam paign of ruthlessness instead of be i ink forced from his posltior to pre serve good relations with the United States was deposed because lie did not carry the campaign fare enough There are also indications that no announcement of the course of the government will lie made until cer tain steps have been taken through the navy department and the treas ury for safeguarding American ports and other interests it is disclosed that President Wilson and Secretary Lansing had a conference last night although it was denied then Early today President Wilson had not call ed any meeting of the cabinet nor any conference with the foreign af fairs committees of congress wlu1 had been assured of being taken into his confidence before diplomatic re lations were broken off Just before noon Secretary ing went to the White House for a conference He would not discuss the situation and refused to answer the question whether any action was taken American officials are not convinced Germanys announcement of a campaign of ruthlcnsuess reveals the entire situation Intimations of diasentiou between the Entente Al lies are officially denied and other circumstancesin possession of the American government not disclosed ive ground for tlie possibility that the new submarine policy is only the forerunner of something else equal ly startling German officials here unhesitat ingly announce the pirn to starve England with a fleet of from to 000 submarines They think the food supply can he complete ly cut in sixty days Berlin Feb official state nent issued by the German govern ment announces that neutral ships plying within the new barred zones will do so at their own risk Precau tions will be taken to protest neu tral ships which sailed for those zones prior to February Neutrals are urgently advised to warn vessels on the way to ports in the barred zones and direct them away from these areas Neutral ships in port within barred zones will be given until Feb sail and must take the shortest route out of the re stricted areas Washington B Feb manys declaration of unrestricted naval warfare assumed to mean the sinking without warning of passen ger and freight course which the United States in the Sussex negotiations gave warning would cause tho American government to sever re ceived here vi ih the most profound surprise There had been no offi cial hint that such a development was President Wilson was in his office when the text of the German note began coming on The Associated Press wires and copies were sent to him as received He would see no callers Xo Comment Given The slate department closed for the day soon after Ambassador von BerristorEt delivered the note identi cal with that handed Ambassador Gerard at Berlin Secretary Lan sing went home without seeing the president or making any comment The decision as to what the course of the American government shall he lies with the president who in the final note on the Sussex ease said If it still is the purpose of the imperial government to ciite relentless and indiscrimin ate warfare against vessels of commerce by the use of sub marines without regard to whut the United States must consider the sacred ami indisputable rules of international law aid the uni versally recognized dictates at humanity the government of the United States is nt lust forced to the conclusionHint there is but one source it can puistie Unless the imperial govern ment should now iminedialely declare and effect an abandon ment of its present methods of submarine warfare against pns and freight carrying ves sels the government of the Unit States can liave no choice but to sever diplomatic reliitions witi the icriiiuii empire alto gether This urCion he govern ment of he United States con templates with the greatest re luetanre but feels ronsfmined to take in luluiH of humanity and the rights of neutral na Preliminary reading of Iho Ger man note by officials was followed by expressions which guve the im pression that he resulting situation was viewed with extreme gravity Prompt action was expected OX HOSPITAL SHUS Cicrmany Will Not Vessels tnrrying Wounded in Kuluro Berlin Feb admiralty to day made the following announce ment The German government has convincing evidence in hand that hos tile hospital ships frequently are mis used for the transportation of ammu nition and troops The government has communicated these proofs to the British and French governments by diplomatic means At the same time it declared that hospital ships passing on the military route of the hostile army engaged in France and Belgium within the lines of Flain borough HoadTerachelling on the one hand and the ThainesLandsend on the other shall no more be treat ed na such Hostile powers are free to use hospital ships for the trans portation of wounded and sick army members on ways outside this dis trict The barring of other sea routes is reserved in case of fur ther misuse of hospital ships In vio lation of international Kulcs for Xcistrals Neutral ships plying within tho barred zones do so at their own risk Although precautions are being taken to spare neutral ships which on Fet I are on tho way to ports on the liar red zone during an appropriate de lay yet it is urgently to be advised that they should be and di rected to other routes by all means available Neutral ships lying in ports of tiie barred zones can with the same safe ty abandon the barred ones if they sail before Feb 5 and take the short est route into the open district Must Have Special Signal Traffic of regular American pas senger steamers can go on unmo lested if Falmoiith Is taken as the port of destination and if On tho going and return journey tho Scllly Islands as well as the point 0 degrees north 20 de grees west to he steered on Along Continued on Page TKXT OF GE Following is the text of the Ger man note in reply to President Wil sons peace address handed to Am bassador James Gerard Berlin yesterday Your excellency had the kindness to communicate on the twentysecond of this month the message which the president of the United Statea on the same day addressed to the American senate The imperial government took knowledge of the contents of the message with that earnest at tention which is becoming to the explanations of the ed by IHf in nac U uer great satisfaction to state that the general lines of this remarkable manifestation in tho widest sense agree with the princi ples and wishes of Germany and her allies To theae belong in the first Place the right of selfgovernment and the eaual rights of all nations Recognizing this principle Ger many would gladly welcome it if na tions like Ireland and India which do not enjoy the blessings of an in dependent state should now obtain liberty Alliances which drive nations in to competition for hegemony and in cline them towards any selfish in trigues are likewise refused by the German people On the other hand It is enthusiastic for cooperation in all endeavors which aim at the pre vention of future wars The free dom of the seas as a preliminary con dition for free and peaceful inter course between nations as well us open dor for trade always have been guiding principles of German policy Relations With JiciKhuu in pence becon cluded with Belgium wanted to lake precautionary measures 30 that tmt country with which trie imperial gov ernment wishes 10 live jn good neighborly relations could not be ex ploited by adversaries tr the promo tion of hostile attempts Such a piv cautiou is all the r urgently need ed since hostilo n power HI repeated speeches aud especially in the resolutions of the Palis econom ic conference dsclarod their unveiled intention even atitr the peace not to Germany as of equal right hut rather comiuue to fight in systematic fashion Tieattempt of tin four allied polvers to bring about poacc failed on account of the lust for comiuest of their adversaries who do not want peace Underthe pretext of the prin ciple of nationalities they uuveiled as iheir war aims opposition to and dishonor for Germany AustriaHun gary and Bulgaria To our desire for reconciliation they oppos ed their will They want to fight to the last Forces New Thus a new situation lias sprung tip which forces Germany also to new decisions For two years and a half England adopted political and nav al measures in a critical attempt to force Germany and AijstriaHungarv to subjection Brutally despite the laws of nations the group of powers marshaled by Kngiand not only pro hibits legitimates trade of its adver by reckless pressunre even on neutral states it stops all trade re lations agreeable to U or forces them to limit their trade according to or ders The American nation knows the moans taken in order to move Eng land and her allies to return to Ihe laws of nations and to respect the law of freedom of the seas The British government persists in its war of starvation whin7i certainly does not touch the military strength of its adversary but which forces women and children and sick aged persona to undergo painful privation for their countrys sake which are harming the national vitality All Illamo on KnglaiKl British imperioiisuess in cold blood accentuates the suffering of the world without regard for every command of humanity without re gard even for the silent longing for peace within the nations of its own allies Every day in which the fear ful struggle goes pri brings new de vastation new new deaths Every day by which the war is sliort will preserve on both sides the lives of thousands of brave soldiers and means a blessing for the tortures of tortured humanity The imperial government Leftfe its own conscience and before history would be unable to assume the responsibility it it left untried any one to hasten the end of the war Together with the president of the United Stales it had hoped to obtain this aim by negotia tion For Unrestricted Kca War The attempt to establish an un dertaking between tho adversaries having been answered by tho an nouncement of intensified warfare the imperial government must now continue lie war for existence onnc more forced upon it by using its weapons The imperial government therefore is forced to do away with the restrictions which until now it has impressed upon the use of its fighting means on the sea Trusting that the American peo ple and its government will be alivo to these reasons for this decision and for Its necessity the imperial govern ment hopes the United States will ap preciate the new estate of affairs from tho lofty and exulted stand point of the Imperial government and Port of New York Sealed by Order of Custom House Special to The GlobeGazette New York Keb being sealed all night by destroy ors mid coast Kimrd patrols the of New York wns opened today Customs officials took the stand thut till ships sail oil their Washington Feb 1 The treasury department olflcliaiy explained that ships were pre vented from leaving New York lust night liecncise of fog and denied the port had been closed Now York Feb port of New York sealed lost night by order of Dudley Field Mnlone collector of the port Vessels of every description in cludingtug boats were turned back ut quarantine ty torpedo boats stationed tliere to maintain the neutrality of the United Slntes Twentyfour steamers some of them tho liirftest in tho world owned by ieriuan inter ests are tied nt the pier on tho New Jersey side of HieHudson while three Austrian vessels arc docked at Brooklyn piers These boats have tJucn interned since the war Kffoct Kelt New York Feb effect of declaration of sea block ade of the entente nations fell today on every port of the Atlantic coast and owners and agents of vessels fly Ing neutral flags are in doubt as to future course of action and it is be lieved most of them will keep their ships in port until instructions are re ceived from their governments At British and French lines it waa said there would be no interruption Still IJoolc Passengers London Feb All steamship of fices both American and British which have ships billed to sail for America are booking passengers and freight today as usual The American linos received no in formation of any cuungs in sailing programs on account of the newly an nounced Germany naval policy Ieliiy Sailing New York Feb was made today by therepresenta tives of the ScandinavianAmerican line that the sailing of tho passenger liner Hellig Olav booked to leave al 2 p with 100 passengers and 1 cargo for Copenhagen via Kirkwall has been indefinitely postponed Itoston Still Open Boston Fob No action to ward restricting the movement of shipping at this port had been taken today in connection with the German note Deputy collector of the Port Perry said lie had issued no orders altering previous conditions One Ship to Sail New York Feb American line steamship St Louis will sail on Saturday as scheduled and no effort will be made to paint tho ship in conformity with ho regulations as piescribed by Hie German govern ment as a guarantee of safety of the American vessels according to offi cials of the line Admiralty Controls New York Feb rep resentatives here of the leading Brit ish and French allied shipping lines said today Ihoir vessels would pro ceed scheduled regardless of the Gorman note It Is understood on good authority that the movement of all ships will fromnow on be con trolled to an even greater degree Hut heradore by orders of he British admiralty TO I Special to The GlobeGazette New York Feb of the international situation the members of the leak committee said they probably will close tfie New York hearings today Continued on page Special to The GlobsGazette Green Kay jj Clifford of the Su perior division of the Chicago Mil waukee and St pjuil railroad died today German Freighter Sinks at Her Dock Special to The GlobeGazette Charleston S Fob The German freighter Lie ben f els tied here since the beginning of tiie war began sinking toaay and marine men believed she had boon scuttled Tho captain declined the aid of tugs in an hour lie bow was high in the water and the stern grad ually settling fcrnt the captain and six officers were still aboard The czvw were sent to their homes when the vessel tied up at the outbreak of be war Tilfttn STAKTS HOMK Special to The GlolieGnxette San Antonio Feb Third infantry ami brigade head quarters are scheduled to start for home today according o announce ment of southern department head quarters Big Main Building of Plant Is Gutted by Flames of Un known Origin Campaign Leaders Report SixtyEight New Memberships W ij Woodward Presents in Conned ion with Coninmnitv Club Work PLANT FAR BEYOND CITY WATER MAINS Intense Cold and Deep Snow Made Firemens Work Used Driven by a stiff blizzard wind from the north fire originating in the blacksmith shop of the main building completely gutted and al most totally destroyed plant No 2 of the American Brick Tile Co last night As Night Watchman Frank Humphrey cama out of the boilor room which forms a west wing of the large building ho saw flames leaping up the walls of the shop near a forge but whether or not the blaze was started by sparks from the forge is not known Blaze Spreads Fast When discovered the lames had gathered considerable headway and by the time the employes of the plnut were given the alarm tho fire had spread through the shop and into the second story The alurm was sent in Lo the fire station and employes were notified by blowing the factory whistle at oclock By oclock the fire had swept through the entire plant with the exception of the boiler room With the hard wind blowing from the north and little or no water supply the firemen and employesof the plant who vplun teerod their services were practically helpless in their efforts to check the flames but with the water which was finally forced through the pipes at 8 oclock they were able to keep tho flames from totally destroying the boiler room which adjoins the main building on the west Hut litte iresKiire After giving up all hopes of sav ing Che main part of the structure tlie firemen centered their efforts ou keeping the flames from gutting the west wing With the hydrant about half a mile away the fircincii were unable to reach the blaze with a sin gle line of hose until thirty minutes after the alarm had been turned in Once Ihey were forced to break their line of in order to let a switch engine inlo tlie yards to re move a car of coal stationed near the holler room After the line hud been laid there was little pressure the distance to the plant from the hydrant was too great and it was S oclock before the engine forced enough water through the pipes In be of any use Finally they wens able to roach the top of tlie west ad dition with a single line of hose which furnished enough water to keep tlie from destroying part of the building By this time the main part of the structure had been raxed with tho exception of the outside tottering walls SOMIO of which finally fell into the ruins before morning No HuiidiiiK As all tho brick kilns are on Ihe north side of tho buildings here were no other buildings near to catch fire from tho sparks which were thrown high in the air and carried a consid erable distance Some were soon burning on tlie ground over two hun dred yards from the building and tiie big firebrands would have been an added danger had there been build ings to the south near tho plant Worlc nt Stations Although many of them knew that the fire may cause their services to be discontinued for a time the many foreign laborers working at tho kiln took up their work after the first ex citRiuenl was over and took euro of their fires as usual as heir assist ance was unnecessary in combating tlie flames It was necessary to string hosfi most of the disUince across an open prairie and both trucks hud lo un load their supplies in order to jrot enough lo reach tho place While coining back to the hydrant after un loading its hose tho big firo onglno got into a drift from which it had to be shoveled which accounted for some of tho delay In getting onougn water This made no particular dif ference with the general result how over is the plant wns practically ruined in tho first fifteen or twenty minutes iifter tho firo was discovered One of he Host Hants The American plant which was de stroyed by firo is said to ho one ol Iho best if not the plants in the city With its electricity driven muchineiy which was ust recently installed tho company boanLed that it wis ono of but fenin this county that was operated by electric power This machinery will be saved to a cer tain extent it is located on tlte A meeting of tho team captains having the Chamber of Commerce membership iu charge was held fol lowing a luncheon lu the club rooms this noon for a report of tho results of the first day campaigning A to tal of sixty eight new memberships have been added to Ihe association since the work wiis begun yesterday noon which Is an indication that the campaign may be closed on schedule time within three days It is the aim of the fifteen teams now operating to raise the numbor to a thousand mem berships Another luncheon will be held tomorrow noon at which time ft is hoped more of the campaigners will be present W j Woodward was present at this meeting and pointed out some of tlie problems which had comu up in connection with his work as head of the Community club From the standpoint of membership the club is now a success hut there are mat tors of drawing the line in the matter of attendance that must he thrashed out The fact that some of question able reputation as well as others of a troublesome character have been at tending the meetings has become an noying and how to do away with the patronage of these people was dis cussed a I length Xo definite plan was decided upon but something will probably be done before tiie next meeting BOTL1NES POSITION Washing n 1VI Follow ing n touferincc between Presi dent Wilson and Secretary Lnns iiif opinion Ijecame generally prevalent in orricial circles tlmt u lnojilc in rclntlonH with ioiniiiny is imvitalile tlioiifilt i proluililu an iiltiiiiatiim or warning to the lUrlin ifvprjinniit miglit re lliis action The view was taken widely in of final ters lint the Lnilvd States could not the sitnaUon stand nsnhal But One Passenger Train from North Since Early Yester day Afternoon NO TRAINMVENT EAST LAST NIGHT of Because of Delays Beyond Annulled Trains five raj OB whicl arueoh lg llle north and or ail ioporis reach UCiins l today u Cltr n to short one m aves tho n o iu r L and arrives UllOUgh With liM tho lalu Mly Tllal wa iuiv road llli north storm but L0 est today tllc nort1 Annul Special to The GlobeGazette Berlin via London Feb Chancellor von UetlimiiniiItoltweg and other ministers attended an im portant meeting of the ways ancl moans committee of the roichstag to day at which the entire war situa tion was gone over and now steps planned by the central powers con sidered In his address tho chancellor ex plained why in March and May lasi year he opposed unrestricted subma rine war and why again in Septem ber according to the unanimous judgment of the political military au thorities tlie intention was not con sidered ripo for The chancellor repeated his prev ious utterance I hat as soon he wan in agreement with the supreme army command and readied tlio convic tion a ruthless submarine war would bring Germany nearv victor ious peace then he submarine war would be siarled This moment has now arrived ho said Today the moment has conic wbon with the greatest prospect of success we can undertake tho en terprise We ciinnot wait and evorvthiuir ran i mere few and far between l from the south last uiglit s late this mornine the out out 11 J11 their 0 uock tl Special to The GlobeGazette London Feb German dec laration of unrestricted naval war Tare created a profound sensation in ICngland where it was unexpected All interest centers on tho policy which neutral maritime nations will adopt Tho decision of ho United States is awaited with intense Inter est HS H is recognized it will liavi a strong Influence on oilier neutrals and be the important factor in the solution of one of I lie most seri ous crises of II10 war west wing which for iho most part is standing Officers Away jJs H Keeier Ihe president and W K Milliiigtou plant superini oml ent arc in California and IS C Koel er secretary and treasurer was in Moinos the total damage to tho plant coiiltl not be ascertained but it is thought to be at least n C Kreler was expected home to day having been notified of the firn last nigh I Bailey assistant sec retary of he plant was in when tho fire broke out but arrived Hi the scone about 8 oclock Well Insured Burr C Koolor said Ibis rUlornoou that Ihe total loss run from to oxnct figures not being available mill iiuentonos Jiavo been chocked over ciiro fnHy The building anil machinery wore well insured The plant carried its iiiHiiranro on an eighty per cent co insurance plan so jiiiil of the loss nuiBt of course fall on tho rninixinv A largo proportion of lie fire in surance companies represented in the city are oil he risk the jiolieios lx ins distributed among four Ihofio of Kchanko ft Norrisfc Irons First Nnlional and Ma son City Loan Truat wrecks freight wreck mini V Ll Street Railway fs Able to Keep Going w r Hy keeping sweeper constantly in service yiste diiy and night Uie Mason fjt and Clear Lake railway Wls Lo hecp both local and interiirbati curs moving on close to schedule time Home trouble was experienced in fu ll O addition enough to stop any cars for very lung l n Tim snow plow reported finding some very deep drifts bulwivn here and Clear liul the snow was light enough so ihut they wcro cleared little As is usual after a storm th cleanly swept furnished a guild or rather center walk for this morning Many Frozen Faces and Ears Reported riay is white KUK a common salutation given by ppdrstriuns to m en strangers to Idfmor women this morning At the police station several Patrol iiiiii on both night and day for CM came in to the station with frosted nose and chcoka The worst aso pointed there was that of a Gufk wh came in this iiiornrng with whole whiles I In was thawed with snow and soon wna none Ilia the experience ;