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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 31, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Mrt ARCHIVES I A NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL Lm and United Prcu Full teased rive Cents a Copy MASON City IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 31 1946 This Paper Consists of Two One PRESIDENT FFICIALLY ENDS WAR LOOK INSIDE FOR GOP Landslide Top News Sforyof 1946 10 Top News Stories for 1946 1 Republican election landslide 2 OPA decontrols 3 Coal strike 4 Atomic bomb tests 5 Nuernberg trial i 6 U S Get Tough policy Russian change oFattitude 7 Railroad strike 8 Wave of strikes 9 hotel fire 10 Wallace resignation By SHUSTY AUSTIN GlobeGazette Telegraph Editor The republican election landslide into control of both the house and senate after taking a back seat to the democrats for 16 years was the outstanding news story of 1946 according to a poll of editors and reporters of the GloberGazette and KGLO news staff Jjince1930 the GOP party had been in a minority on national political front but this year the elephant stepped out in front of the donkey and also into the position for the 1948 presidential race The re publicans picked up 54 seats in the house of representatives mak ing a total of 245 to the demo crats 188 The victors also hold 51 out of 96 seats in the senate OPA DECONTROLS ranked 2nd in the poll When President Tru man refused to sign a bill extend ing the OPA powers the country was free of controls for the first time since the start of thewaf Then a new bill was passed and signed a month later But decon trol pressure mounted during the meat shortage arid Truman let down the bars holding curbs only on rents sugar and rice THE COAL STK1KE rated 3rd on the list John L Lewis yelled strike in April and 400000 soft coal miners helped open the fish ing season Then the government seized the mines and all was quiet on the coal front until Nov 15 when Lewis announced was terminating the contract as of Nov 20 The miners went bear hunting Federal Judge T AlanGoldsbor aiigh put himsell books by issuing uponrapiestan injunction against the miners Lewis refused to budge and was haled intocourt tried and fined He appealed the conviction and a day later ordered the miners back to thff pits The case is now before the supreme court ATOMIC BOMB TESTS placed next on the list The 2 tests at Bikini lagoon one in the air and the other under water gave the public a peek at the worlds great est power The 3rd test was aban doned for the present Mr and MrsJohn Q Public wondered why this great power couldnt be harnessed for human good The United Nations are still trying to answer that question THE NUERNBERG TRIAL marked the end of the road for the 11 riazi bigwigs and set a precedent for trying persons who conspire to make war on others Hermann Goering put the surprise in an ex pected had his last grimjoke hangman by swallowing poison US GET TOUGH POLICE AND R U S S IAN ATTITUDE CHANGE was voted nextAfter playing a patient1 hand in world affairs James Byrries secretary of state put on boxing gloves and soon Russia did an almost about face in the United Nations poli tics The eastwest split gradually narrowed THE NATIONAL RAILROAD STRIKE had the country par alyzed until President Truman clarhpea down andvirtually forced the 2 unions back to work by going to a receptive congress with a strong antilabor legisla tion which nevermaterialized A WAVE OF STRIKES hit the United States during 1946 The year started with the auto work ers striking and this was followed by walkouts in almost every in dustry Shipping was tied up Communications were crippled and meat supplies were hit by packinghouse shutdowns When it all quieted down wefound work ing time lost in strikes almost tripling the peak for past years Stoppages duringthe first 11 months of 1946 cost 104475000 mandays of work THE WINECOFF HOTEL FIRE cost 119 lives and the toll was the greatest in the history of hotel blazes Atlanta Ga will never forget thescreams of the trapped victims and the sight of persons leaping to their deaths Investi gators finally decided a carelessly tossed cigaret on a mattress started the holocaust THE RESIGNATION OF HENRI WALLACE barely nosed out several othernews stories to grab the last spot on the poll As secretary of commerce Wallace talked against Byrnes get tough1 foreign policy Truman looked over the manuscript beforehand and approved it but evidently did not look at it close enough be cause a split in the cabinet im GlobeGazette Photo Mason Cityans were prepar ing Tuesday to see the old year out in the midst of a cold wave that sent thermometers far be low the zero mark Traffic wasnt heavy in the business section of the city as Jerry Kin vig 204 Jefferson N W hur ried to the Blanchard jewelry store where he is employed While it was ending in a rugged mood 1946 has generally been good to Mason City It brought high business activity Factories operated at capacity New in dustries were established here Best of all the boys came back home from the war fronts and despite interferences of OFA and other restrictions most peacetime activities were re sumed And even the OPA went out before the year ended Stories about 1946 will befound on inside pages mediately arose After a trans Atlantic talk with Byrnes Tru man handed walking papers to Wallace and peace returned to the presidents circle So ends another the world struggles on 75 Routed by Hotel Fire in Des Moines No Injuries Reported Des Moines ly 75 guests were routed from the Lloyd hotel into subzero weather at a m Tuesday by fire Fire Captain E B Fisher said no one xyas injured and the flames were controlled before they coulc spread beyond the basement o the 3story brick structure Fisher said the rnajority of the guests were able to leave by way of the lobby stairs but that about 35 or 40 were removed by lad ders Specific origin of the fire hac not been determined Fisher added He saiddamage was con fined largely tt the basement and first floor with some smoke dam age to the upper stories One woman guest became slightly hysterical and we hac quite a time getting her out Fisher said Surplus Instruments to Vets Washington veteran administration is requisitioning about half of the government S250000 stock of surplus musica instruments for disabled veteran in hospitals it was annbuncec Tuesday NAMED STATE SAFETY WorW War II Veteran Takes Post Vacated byDeathofWilkins Des Moines Alfred W Kahl 36 Council Bluffs veteranof World war II s state commissioner of public afety was announced Tuesday by Gov Robert Kahl succeeds the late Fred L Winlkins 52 of Boone who died f a heart attack Oct 28 Theappointment is effective Wednesday for the remainder of 4 year term ending next June 30 he position pays a year The appointee willcarry an act ng commissioner title technically mtil the appointment has been cted upon by the 1947 state enate Kahl served 5 years in World war II including 25 months in the acific theater 18 months as an ntiaircraft artillery officer He ntered the service as a first lieu enant and held the rank of col mef when he was discharged last uly 20 first assignment in serv ce was atLowery fieldDenver le served 6 months there as trial udge advocate and about a year is staff judge advocate He was graduated from high ichool at Irwin in 1928 and re eived a bachelors degree from the University of Iowa in 1932 He was raduated from the Iowa law col ege in 1935 From 1936 until he entered the army Kahl was in civilian con iervation corps work He started organizing a camp near Deer liver Minn and later was in charge of 14 camps in thatarea His last CCC assignment was in St Paul Minn where he or ganized and directed a course of training fprCCCcampsupervisors Krahlis niarf led but has no chilr dren His parents areMrvand Mrs reti Kahl of Harlan As safety commissioner Kahl will be in charge of the department which has several divisions antl employs a total of about 300 per sons Gov Blue recently placed Chief S N Jespersen of the state high way patrol in temporary charge of the department owa Traffic Death Toll Reaches 515 Des Moines loll of raffic deaths on Iowa streetsand highways in 1946 stood at 515 Tuesday as the old year waned ompared with 366 last year and iOl in the record year of 1941 the tate division of safety education The figure for 1946 will not be omplete for several Jon J Steele division director This is because some of those in lospitals from previous accidents may yet have to be accounted for n the death balance sheet And we probably will have several deaths from crackups Tew Years eve The increase thus far for 1946 iver 1945 is 149 Every month except 3 this year showed an in irease in fatalities over the cor period last year So ar for December the count is 18 jehind the same m6nth in 1945 The toll in October was 7 AP Wirepholo ALFRED KAHL Safety Head SOLDIER ADMITS ROBBERY HOAX Hero of Hour Becomes Armys No 1 Sad Sack Hamilton Field Cal Jimmy Hill 17 Mondays hero o the hour was the armys number 1 sad sack Tuesday his story o the great payroll robbery an ad mitted hoax Hill went on the carpet before his commanding officer Tuesday not for the commendation he was scheduled to receive as a hero bn to straighten out the story He hoped his superior officers had a sense of humor I guess it happened a little dif ferent than I said he confessed The truth is I accidentally poksc out a window in the finance offio with the end of my gun Then got scared and started shooting so I could claim robbers had done it Set Institute Dates Des Moines for thi 13th annual midwest institute o international relations have been announced as May 31 to June 7 The institute held on the Draki university campus is sponsored by the American friends service com mittee and Drake university U S Toll Chicago nations traffic death toll in 1946 the National Safety council estimat ed Tuesday will be approxi mately 34000 as compared to the 28600 killed in motor acci dents in 1945 when wartime re strictions limited travel Al though the 1946 total will sur pass last years rtoll by more than 5000 the council said the figure is substantially below the alltime high of 1941 when 39969 occurred ast year aiid that for January was exactly the same as last year Biggest increase was in Febru ary at 34f Other increases were 17 n March 21 in April 10 each in May arid June 23 in July 26 in August 24 in September and 9 in November The toll by month this year January 32 February 54 March 33 April 34 May 41 June 37 July 48 August 51 September 53 ober 42 November 49 and ithus far 41 sSeveii Iowa counties had no fa talities so far this year and 2 ol them had none lastyear The are Dickinson and Taylor The other 5 are AUamakee Ap panoose Keokuk OBrien and Page Harrison county showed the greatest percentage of increase this year It has had 11 traffic deaths this year and had only one last year NEGRO ADMITS FIGHTING MAN Omahan Held in Probe of Iowa Dealers Death Omaha Inspec tor Fred Franks said Tuesday Or ville William Jones 26yearolc Omaha Negro admitted he pushed James Esden out of the latters car after a fight near Fort Cal houn Nebr Saturday night The frozen body of Esden Shcnandoah Iowa auto dealer was found Monday in a farm driveway near Fort Calhoun Inspector Franks quoted Jones assaying that after the fight he Jones drove away in the lowans car leaving Esden beside the road Franks said Jones signed statement setting out details of the incident Washington County Sheriff W D McDonald assisted in question ing Jones who was arrested at St Joseph Mo Monday and who was returned to Omaha Tuesday after waiving extradition on car thef charges Tuna the largest member of the mackerel family is found in all warm ocean waters and is particu larly important in theMediterran ean and in the North Seas AP EARLY the well dressed New Years baby will be wearing is displayed by 18monthold Pamela Jane OReilly during a preview of infants wear in aChicago store Pamela evidently is getting ready to bid goodbye to that old man with the whiskers U S Urges Top Priority for Atom Issue in Security Body Lake Success N Y United States in a surprise maneuver proposed Tuesday that the United Nations security councilgive top priority to the atomic energy problem in its questfor worldwide arms limitation Herschcl V Johnson United States chairman of the council laid a brief resolution before the delegates as they met to consider a Russian resolution calling for thdj council to tackle the whole problem of general arms limitation witj the utmost speed The councilwith soviet in agreement decided to take up the wtt yesolutiorr at a rrieeting to be held not later than next Tuesday At that time it will have before 1 A sweeping general assembly resolution calling for worldwide arms limitation and reduction of armed forces 2 The Russian resolution asking quick implementation of the as sembly proposals 3 The United States resolution seekingto put atomic control at the top of the list 4 A request from the foreign ministers council for the security council to start considerationof Trieste over which the United Nations will have general super vision With the major business out of the way Johnson paid tribute to the delegates of Mexico Egypt and The Netherlands whose terms end1 Tuesday They will be re placed Wednesday by Colombia Syria and Belgium United Nations observers said the council would not deal Tues day with the formal report sub mitted by the United Nations atomic energy cqmmission after more than 6 months of intensive work1 The commission by a vote of ip to 0 and Poland abstaining sent its 1st report to the council Monday afternoon s Iti was expected that the report would be taken up as early as pos sible One informant expected thai Jan 6 might be the date of 1st consideration of the report The Russian request before the council made 2 specific requests li That the council proceed at once with work on practical mea sures to implement the resolution on arms limitation adopted by the United Nations general assembly 14 21 That the council to 27 Below atDecorah By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS dropped to record lows of the winter in Iowa Tues day and hit a bottom of 27 below zero at Decorah The weather bureau predicted the states mean temperature would average from 5 to 15 de grees below the state normal of 20 above zero over the next 5 days although a rising trend was indi cated beginning Saturday The Decorah reading was re corded at the state fish hatcherj there Lansing reported a readin ol 24 below and the lowest re corded by points which repor daily to the weather bureau in De Moines was 22 below at Spencer There were snow flurrie throughout the state Monday th weather bureau said and addi tional light snow is expected Wed nesday in northern Iowa Subzero readings were the rul throughout Iowa Tuesday mornin and as skies cleared during th night the mercury dropped to 1 below at Mason City 17 below a Fort Dodge and 16 below at Siou City Charles City and Waterloo In extreme southeastern Iowa the low was 2 above at Burlington Highways in northwestern low were reported hazardous due to coating of rough ice on the pave ment Tuesdays 27 reading at Deco rah was colder than any tempera ture of the 194546 winter season Iowas alltime low was 47 at Washta in Cherokee county o Jan 12 1912 11nation commission set up an with in structions to submit a draft plan forarms reduction and regulation within one or 2 months and not later than 3 months Dies at 114 San Diego Cal Al caraz who claimed to be 11 years old died Monday He ob served his 114th birthday las October 31 his family said of Sweating Fish Wins Liars Contest Burlington Wist a Texas fish fights a line he really fights i Atanacio Garza of San Antonio Tex wonthe title of Champion Liar of 1946 Tuesday with his story fish that broke out in a sweat while battling to shake out a hook Garzas award was announced Tuesday by 0 C Hulett president of ttie Burlington Liars club which conducts an annual contest for Jhe best tall tales of the year Galas fish story as told in a let ter ito Hulett follows fl leeve in San Antonio Tex I have been for the last 15 years I like to fish a lot and have seen a lot of peculiar things in my life during the fishing season I was fishing on one occasion and caught 1 fish on my hook but he try tn away from my line It took me about 45 minutes to get him away from the surface He w6rfc so hard that when I get him in the boat he was sweating J Nedrow of Anchorage Alaska and Robert Kleinstuber of Suffern N Y won honorable mentions for their tall tales A farmer friend of Nedrows angered an Alaska mosquito one day while sinking fence posts The mosquito went off to get his gang and when they returned 1 peeled off in a terrific power dive at Nedrows friend who side stepped just in time The mosquito was going so fast that he couldnt pull out in time and rammed his stinger into the frozen ground That gave the farmer an idea He began moving around the field ducking every time a mosquito dived at Each wnnnri up him with his proboscis sticking in th ground When all were trappe the farmer shot them sawed o their stingers and strung his fenc wire to them Kleinstubers story told of th remarkable hybrid animal bred b a friend It seems the frien crossed 2 Beagle hound with torn cat The result was a weir animal that looked a little like dog but meowed like a cat The dogcat has proved invalu able for catching catfish stands near the edge of the watc and meows The catfish com into shallow water to investigat While they are assembling th dogcat swims around betwec them and deep water Then h barks like a dog and the frigh encd fish leap onto dry Ian where the animal trees them the nearest Price Support Ends Dec 311948 Washington Tru ans proclamation Tuesday end g hostilities limits government sponsibility in supporting prices many farm products to only 2 and 1948 Had the proclamation not been sued until Wednesday govcrn ent support would have been rc uired for 3 years 1947 through 949 estimated that the upport program might be worth etween and 10000000 a year to farmers by 949 Here is the background ol this tuatibn In 1941 congress passed legisla the agriculture de artment to maintain floors or inimum prices of not less than 0 per cent of parity on many farm roducts for the war period and 2 ull calendar years after the presi ent or congress proclaimed hos lities at an end The purpose was to encourage armcrs to expand production to icet heavy war needs and to give reducers time after the war to adjust their production to peacc me markets without running the anger of a sharp price drop dur ng the readjustment Parity is a theoretical standard or measuring market prices to de ermine the degree of their fairness o producers Under farm legisla on parity prices are declared to e fair to producers and consurn rs alikc The price support legislation ap lies to farm commodities in 2 the socalled basic ommodities which are wheat otton corn rice tobacco and eanuls for nuts and 2 the so alled Steagall commodities he latter were named for former Congressman Steagall DAla who sponsored the legislation The Sleagall commodities in lude hogs eggs chickens over 5 pounds live weight trukeys milk and butter fats dried peas certain varieties edible beans of certainvarieties soy beans used or oil peanuts used for oil AmericanEgyptian potatoes and weet potatoes As a result Mr Trumans ac tion the price support program expire on the Sleagall com modities at the end of 1948 Price supports will continue at he 90 per cent parity level for he basic commodities except cot on through 1948 The cotton sup jort level must not be less than 125 per cent of parity through the same year 18 EMERGENCY POWERS WIPED OUT BY ACTION 33 Other Wartime Laws Face Automatic End in 6 Months or Soon After i Washington President Truman released part of the gov ernments extraordinary wartime powers Tuesday by declaring the period of hostilities ended at language congress used statute He made clear owa Boy 3 Burns to Death in Home Blaze D e n i s o n Andrew Hansen Threeyearold Jr burned to death Monday in a fire which gut ed the familys home while Mrs 3ansen visited a neighbor Two of the 3 small children who were alone in the house got out safely but Andrew could not be ocated as flames enveloped the louse His body was found later jehind a stove An oil stove was belived respon sible for the fire The Hansens lived on an acre age at the edge of Denison and Mrs Hansen was across the road at a neighbors house Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearand continued cold Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and somewhat warmer Low Tuesday night about 10 below Iowa Fair and cold Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudy and not quite so sold with snow flurries extreme north portion Low Tuesday night around zero west to 5 to 10 below east por tion High Wednesday 12 to 18 Shippers Forecast Northern half 15 below southern 10 below Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook The mean temperature will average 515 degrees below the state normal of 20 degrees above zero Below normal through the pe riod but rising temperatures Saturday and Sunday Snow flurries Wednesday and Thurs day not expected to add mate rially to snow depth Minnesota Increasing cloudiness Tuesday night and light snow Wednesday Not quite so cold west portion Tuesday night and rising temperature entire state Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 10 Minimum At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum 9 noon His action wiped off the statute books immediately 18 emergency laws and set 33 others for an au tomatic end 6months from now or later Ended at once was the govern ments power to seize privately owned plants and mines invoked often during wartime labor dis putes In 6 congress intervenes with new laws the government must turn back to the private owners the coal mines it now holds And after that date a series of emergency taxes will drop to old rates Among these are excise lev ies on liquor furs jewelry and other luxuries The liquor tax will drop from S3 to the proof gallon A drawback tax of a proof gallon affecting industrial uses of distilled spirits drops back to By acting before 1946 closed Mr Truman knocked one year off the governments guaranteed price supportprogram for farm prod ucts It will go on for 2 years But had Mr Truman waited until 1947 to act the program which might cost a billion and a half dollars in a big crop year would have ex tended through 1949 The law provides that it is to go on for 2 years beginning with the first day of January immediately after a proclamation ending hos tilities Mr Tzunians action does not affect many other powers There are more than 500 emer gency laws Some say they are to end with the end of the year or within some specified time thereafter Others say they are effective for the duration of the emergency Thus the period of hostilities as used by Mr Truman is largely a technical matter turning on in each that he was not proclaiming the war ended or the officiallydeclared emergency over Consequently the laws based on the duration oC the emergency or of the war are not affected The basic selective service law for drafting young men for in stance is hitched to duration of the emergency It is not affected by Tuesdays proclamation But many statutes affecting the army and navy are One is a law which exempted the war and navy departments from general restrictions on the number of civilian employes they may have There were indications at the Pentagon that the war department was somewhat surprised at the sudden announcement It touched off a series of top level conferences at the army headquarters to see how much of the huge machinery under which the army operated for more than 5 years would need resetting for peacetime operation Pending re sults from these first meetings army officials withheld comment The navy hastened to note that the service of naval reserve offi cers would not be affected Re serve officers were on duty for the duration of the emergency plus 6 months Mr Trumanmade public his proclamation at a news confer ence Will the combined chiefs of staffs and American be affected by this proclamation a reporter asked The president replied in the negative saying the cooperation would be continued for at least 6 months He did not clarify whether he meant 6 months after the formal end of the war One point was obvious By act ing now Mr Truman was putting pressure on the new republican dominated congress to speed con sideration of just what emergency powers it wishes to preserve for the government He said he would send congress recommendations on powers which should be continued in peacetime Some republicans have talked of repealing all quickly Senator Wiley K appointed by senate republicans to make a study of the matter reported Monday that he found it an ex tremely complex subject and that chaos might follow a sweeping repealer Commenting on the presidents move Wiley told a reporter he had no criticism and in fact I think we should approve it ;