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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 31, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT Or HISTORY ANO ARCHIVEj A THE NEWSPAPER THAT ASSOCIATED PRESS MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 31 1942 gtujrAooai 31 1942 PAPEn CONSSTS OK TWO ONE JJO 71 LIQUIDATE NAZIS AT STALINGRAD 12 Seized for Plot to Kill Giraud Murphy LEADER ISSUES CALL FOR UNITY BY FRENCHMEN Giraud Strikes Quickly r at Those Making Trouble Behind Front ALGIERS Henri Honore Giraud successor to the slain Admiral Jean Darlan as high commissioner of French Africa announced Wednesday night the arrest of 12 four police connection with an alleged plot to assassinate Robert Murphy President Roose velts persona representative and high French officials Giraud who declined to disclose the names of those arrested inti mated he believed his own life also had been in danger Asserting that he ignored po litical considerations in his awift action General Giraud said he struck at those who were nuking trouble behind the front with only one win the war He acknowledged that some of those arrested helped thc Ameri cans to land in North Africa last month but said he ordered the arrest only of those who were act ing carelessly The police officers arrested he said knew Darlan was going to be murdered and did not warn their superiors Weve arrested people who helped us land but we have also arrestedthose who helped toe at a conference called fiumedly T rumorsof the arrests spread ugh Algiers It was lehably reported that only two of those ai rested actively aided landings the allied Answering a question concern ing the assassination plot an nounced just six days alter Ad miral Darlan was shot to death by a 22 year old French national whose mother lives in Italy Gi raud said i It was not a question of my self I have been wounded too many times already But it af fected others including Mr Murphy did not elaborate further but said some of my best friends were included among those ar rested Asked if the men held would be shot the general said Dont worry they wont said I would rather prevent than You are giving a grea deal of importance to something that isnt worth it v Giraud took advantage of the occasionto call for unity ot al Frenchmen including the Fighting French led by General Charles De Gaulle To me there is but one en is the Germans Gi raud said Ido not want any thing that might help the Ger mans to be left unpunished On Ihe day when all French Rick Back on Job SEE STORY ON PAGE 5 Capt Eddie Rickenbacker found quite a welcoming committee awaiting him at his New York City office the iirst day he returned to work Among the welcomers were photographers witlj whom he is seen displayingsome ol the humor which stood him in good stead for the 4 Hays he was lost in the south Pacific Phonephoto Times Square to Be Dinimed Out but enemy which has the most mod ern tanks and airplanes Fortun ately the American and British armies are helping us They have given to General Alphonse Juin who represents me there anti lank and antiaircraft weapons for a modern army to i unite whether they are theseserving with General De Gamlle those who are prisoners Germany those in France m north we wfll be shown victory AVhen told that the political sit uation in north Africa bad caused a storm of controversy and asked WlJ 5TlaQs slayer hatl subjected to a summary court martial which condemned him to quick death Giraud replied It was certain that the mur derer did kill Darlan I punish murderers in the way they should be punished There you are Referring to Darlans slayer the high commissioner said he thought it pitiful that there should be such a fuss over one man rightfully shot when hun dreds of soldiers arc killed every day at the when this young man could have joined to fight with th Giraud said his government e from on the nght and thc left politically Algiers press avoided any reference to the arrests M prophet he I stall win At the moment I w speahlnf severe fighting is hi which French troops time I have hi nilslT110 Those Frenchmen who have no nodern equipment arc facing an needed fight But if the battle is hard thc results are good However if one is to fight at the front there must be complete order behind he lines Now order cannot be called complete when a high commissionersuch as Darlan can be murdered leaving the question ot the ar Giraud then made an in formal statement which follows in part Gentlemen of the press you have a great duty to perform Jn your countries you have armies which are to fight but can only do so when armed in the modern manner Youmust say to America that the French army is waiting impatiently for the equipment which you promised us I saw too frequently in 1940 what it meansto fight with anti quated armament against an enemy who hns superior arms When I entered Holland with the army I was commanding we had only 31 planes against an enemy with 200 We put up a good show m Holland but oiir losses were heavy because we had no antiaircraft or antitank guns Whtn I was called to the Meuse I found it even worse The poor devils there had no modern equipment at all Write that in your news papers Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Little change in tempera ture Thursday night and Friday forenoon except not quite so cold in north central portion Thursday night MASOtf CITY Warmer Thursday afternoon and Thursday night temperature 28 not much change in temperature Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon except not quite so cold southeast por tion Thursday night occasional light snow north and central portions Thursday afternoon through Friday forenoon and light freezing drizzle southeast portion Thursday afternoon IN MASON CITY JIobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 23 Minimum Wednesday night 15 At 8 a m Thursday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Night ClubsPredict Capatity Crowds for Annual Celebrations NEW YORK imes Squar 10 01 wont be lit up Thursday night hut on the other hand there are the people The dimout will engulf hilari ous thousands who will jam this mecca of fun to howl hello to on past New Years eves it wont dim the tradiliona gayety Although the Times Square throngs were expected to be smal ler than in past years because of wartime conditions there was no doubt that they would have more money to spend Heads of night clubs hotels restaurants and theaters predicted they would be filled to capacity Scores of parties and dances are scheduled for service mcn At dawn Friday the Rainbow room famed Rockefeller center night club 65 floors up will for the wars duration West Coast Spots Close at SAN FRANCISCO h a t balladof bygone New Years eves ue wont be home until morning and maybe not at all a melodic heaveho just about everywhere revelers gather along the west coast Thurdsay night to greet 1943 From San Diego to Los Angeles to San Francisco to Portland they s be going home before morn ing In fact many of them will be at home all evening Behind the drawn shades of dimmed out homes the wartime celebrants can do what the liquor boards have forbidden parties at bars and night their martinis and old fashioneds and egg nogs to the New Year at 1201 i m Thc night clubs will do a business So will thc bars But new regulations require that those gay spots must close promptly al the stroke of 12 Not only that but any drinks remaining in the glasses down the hatch the drain Seattle is the big exception Even there the bygoneleniency of 3 a m alcoholic sales will iay a midnight deadline But the gay folks if they bring along their own bottles may stay on ana toast the newcomer Northwestern U to Get 20 Million From Estate EVANSTON in western university will receive more than 520000000 for its tech nological institute from the estate of the late Walter P Murphy railway supply manufacturer President Franklyn B Snyder an nounced the bequest which is one of the largest single gifts over granted a university FLOODS RECEDE ON UPPER OHIO RIVER VALLEY Destructive Overflow Spread on Other Towns in High Water Path By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Flood crests which reached near disastrous peaks swept down many streams east or the Mississippi Thursday bringing relict to many new dangers to communities others The Ohio spread its destruc tive overflow 250 miles below Pittsburgh where a high mark of 366 feet at dawn Thursday gave Die Steel City its worst flood since the SI Patricks day inundation of 1936 The waters began receding there at the junction of thc Mononga hela the Allegheny and Ihe Ohio rivers Farther down the Ohio how ever 1500 families already had been made homeless in the Buck eye state Deep water was ex pected in thc business district of Marietta a city of 14000 The army thc Red Cross the coast guard and other agencies were co operating in rescue and relief U01lC Pbmcroy Ohio a town of 3500 anticipated inundation all its business district and a third of the residential area The rvicr ncared a peak of 48 feet above flood stages at East Liverpool At Pittsburgh where the crest had passed thousands were made homeless traffic xvas disrupted as the muddy waters surged into the streets and activities of many busi ness firms and war plants were interrupted The industrial city of Wheel ing in West Virginia was en tirely isolated except for a shuttle train operating to su burban Elm Grove Elsewhere in Ihe state water was eight to 10 feet deep in some streets of Point Pleasant thousands abandoned homes along the Ohio river val ley and war plants suffered Water in the upper river was expected to start receding Thursday afternoon The Red Cross reported it was caring for 7500 persons in Alle gheny county Pittsburgh alone but there were only two deaths traced to flood conditions in Penn sylvania in contrast to the 80 who died m the 1936 disaster Safe guards set up since then saved many plants from additional dam age The Connecticut river rose 89 feet near Greenfield Mass since Wednesday but was still 94 feet below flood stage In southern New York one town had been evacuated but there too the waters apparently had reached Ihe peak stage All Ihe residents of Vestal in Ihe Susquehaniu river valley were reported taken to high ground when water swept through the streets Many highways were in undatrd At least one deaih was attributed to flood conditions In the south loss of four lives had been traced to floods low lands were inundated scores of families forced from homes but damage was reported not heavy An earth slide in Smyth county Virginia pushed four express cars from tracks and forced rerouting of some trains from Washington to New Orleans and Memphis PREDICTS IN TEMPERATURE DES MOINES weath er is not likely to give a repeat performance Thursday night and nday or the show it put on for Rowans a year ago The weather bureau forecast rising temperatures for the state Thursday and Thursday night after the mercury dipped to 9 abovc at Fort Dodge Wednesday night Thursdays high reading vas 32 at Burlington A year ago snow began falling as lowans started out for thei New Years parties By morning the snow was so deep travel was difficult and on Now Years day the state was ripped by the most severe bliz ard of the winter sL nSte1 STIMSON ARMY IS CONFIDENT OF43 MISSION By LOUIS F KEEMLE United Press War Analyst In proclaiming allied air super iority over the axis the British air ministry in a year end review implies that in 1343 the united nations arc like ly to have comn plete dominance of the skies over Europe the M e d iterrancan and Africa T h e review says that this year will new planes and new bombs should Open the way to KEEIWLE complete and final victory It adds If had a sufficient scale of attack we could get Germany to the point where our forces could close for the kill without blood baths like Passchendaele A par ticularly sanguinary part of the battles of Ypres in 1917 The pattern suggested for vic tory js threefold Close coopera tion of the air arm with the land and naval forces incessant pound Jng of German industry by day and night aiding Russia to remain on thc offensive in the east The sufficient scale of attack seems likely to materialize in view of American and British airplane production According to the air ministry Britain atone Is stranger iii the air than Ger many and Italy combined That does not take into account thc United which not only lias a powerfnTraiirfdrce In the1 European and African theaters but is producinginore planes thanthe axis powers combined It will be recalled that after the start of the heavy raids last sum mer Prime Minister Churchill de clared that it was only an earnest of what Germany will receive city by city from now on Bombings on the scale ot the 1000plane raid on Cologne last May have been the exception rather than the rule The present size of the raids most probably will be stepped up however as the power ofthe RAF and the USAAF increases The German luftwaffe meanwhile is deteriorat ing Allied inability to pound Ger many even more severely in recent months is explained by the grow ing commitments of the air force such as the action in Africa Nevertheless Germanys pow er to make war has been stead ily sapped Hundreds of acres of her main industrial district have been destroyed or put out of production The morale of her workers has been weakened by the bombings and the demands of the Russian campaign The British estimate that the out put per unit of manpower in Germany is not over 60 per cent of the prewar figure The figures tell the story Fac tory areas destroyed or damaged in Cologne covered 600 acres The score for other main indus trial cities of the 28 attacked runs from more than 100 to more than 300 acres The effect is to seriously weak en Germany when she needs more strength not less to meet the al lied attack which is in preparation and has started its preliminary stage in Africa Meanwhile Rus sia alone is about as much as Hit ler can handle Urges Grocers List Persons Who Purchase Unreasonable Amounts DES MOINES Zeh secretary ot the Iowa Retail Gro cers and Meat Dealers association urged grocers to list persons who attemptto buy unreasonable amounts of items soon to be ra tioned He said the information might be helpful to government officials in any future action against hoard s Zeh said he had received reports indicating many persons have filled their basements attics and closets with such quantities of sup plies as to establish them defin itely as hoarders Some of these persons may be prosecuted if they do not make proper declarations when the ppml rationing system goes into effect he predicted Urges Decisions of Military Nature Be Made Only by Soldiers WASHINGTON of War Stimson in a New Years message said Thursday the army was moving into thc new 12 months confident and sure of its mission The war secretary at a press conference said lie was not boast ing in regard to future events but did find a great deal of encour agement in looking back over what had been accomplished Noting ihal it was the birth day of Gen Gcorjrc C Marshall Ihe chief of staff who was 62 Thursday he said he was proud of the magnificent work which had been accomplished by Mar shall and his associates Having thus deserved our con fidence lie said I know it would be of immeasurable value to them in thc discharge of their future critical duties to realize that they may rely upon our ap preciation of their work There will undoubtedly be proposals made during the coming winter which wculd radically modify or impair their plans Many of these proposals will arise from the purest patriotism on the part of those who make them 3t s try viewthatthe decision ofxVitalmaUers which are intrin sically military in character should remain the responsibility of our trained soldiers f Discussing the progress which has been made Stimson recalled that as short a lime ago as July 1340 the regular army consisted of only 250000 men and said that none of these forces were trained in modern war Further more he said there was practi cally no equipment except stores left over from the World war There was not in Ihe entire country he declared enough powder to last anything like a days warfare for the men now overseas Today he said the army was over 5000000 including an air force of 1000000 men and tens ol thousands of pilots This army ot ours is rapidly being equipped with the best air planes in the world today the best tanks on the ground the best eslfpropelled artillery and the best rifles he said Stimson emphasized too the high moral standards of the army and its good assurances he was hapoy to be able to give the parents of sol diers Only 10 per ccm of lnc mcn m the army drink hard liquors he said adding that 50 per cent drink only soft drinks and about 40 per cent will take beer On the fighting fronts men just out of training have proved themselves to be the equals he added of the Japanese and the Germans A war department announce ment in connection with the sec retarys review said the United turning out machine gun ammunition each month to fire 83 rounds at every individual soldier in the axis army In the first year of war it said production of small arms ammunition has increased more than 550 per cent and ia still ris ing rapidly LONDON UR A long missing desert force advancing on Tripoli from the Like Chad area of trench Interior Africa is now in southern Libya at n point about miles south of Tripoli it was revealed Thursday General Lc Clevc leading the column and believed to have a powerful motorized force revealed his whereabouts in his flist com munique received by the FichtinR trench in north Africa Our motorized forces continue to advance in the southern Fcz zan Le Clerc reported The Fczzan is tlie desert area m southern Libya ThrouEh it runs the caravan trail to the norlh to Tripoli V if The Bielagnc squadron at tacked the airdrome at Scbha northeast of Munuik the com munique saitl number were on the ot enemy aircraft round when our en bombardment begun A lame fire was observed All our aircraft re turned to base The Brctagnc squadron is com posed ol Fighting French bombing and reconnaissance planes Murzuk the principal settle ment in ihe great southern area is 480 miles south of Tripoli and 2aO miles north of the Libyan The communique meant that Hie French planes were now op erating more than 9oo miles from the Fighlimr French base at Lake Chart whence Le lucres forte was reported o nave started soon after the start of the Tunisian campaign H was indicated that the French column was operating close behind its planes and that new air bases were being established as the mo RrirCh lCK P as the eighth army had done in 3 States was now enough rirle and REPORT NAVAL BATTLE IN NORTH British State Enemy Cruiser Is Damaged LONDON admiralty announced Thursday night that British warships made contact with an enemy force in northern waters early Thursday and an enemy cruiser was damaged and forced to withdraw in the ensuirc engagement An enemy destroyer also was severely hit and when last seen was m sinking condition the communique said H added tersely operations continue mer who was understudy u Eleanor Holm at the worlds fai aquacade Oh new WAAC Captain La Mannas daughter Eleanor 95000 NAZIS Force From Lake Chad u Pushes North 0LAIN 72 TAKEN CAPTIVE German counter the middle Don The column was the third ele ment m a triple threat to the axis moving up from the south as if was with the eighth army driving westward and the allies in Tunisia apparently organizing for a thrust to the east coast to build a barrier against an axis retreat from Libya into northern Tunisia Captain Swears In Pretty WAAC Then Gives Her Big Kiss NEW YORK in an army recruiting and induction center were startled when a cnp WAAC recruit planted a big on her face T offlccr was Capt Joseph J Manna the recruit Mrs Ed iwo uays aco ward Dissell 24 dancer and swim were reported to have captured Russians Report German Siege Armies Have Been Wiped Out MOSCOW AP A special soviet communi que said Thursday night that the German army in Stalingrad is liquidated completely The communique add ed Ninetyf i v e thous and Germans have been exterminated and 72 000 captured as prison ers of war In the course of the battle our troops com pletely destroyed the fifth sixth ninth 13th 14th and 15th Rumanian infan try divisions Another special communique announced that red army forces Thursday had occupied the rail way station ot Oblivskaya tak ing important booty including an echelon of aircraft Thc location of Oblivskaya was not immediately announced On the central Iront our troops continued to advance the communique added By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress The specter of nightmare dis asJeVwas more sharply ibr r in thcfading hours of 1942 Thursday as Russias armies swept 13 more towns into the net their great winter of fensive in the south arid crushed fierce new attacks on steppes British military observers said thc Russian drive back through thc Kalmyck rejion in the northeast Caucasus would probably force Ihe Germans to shorten their line of communi cations by 200 miles with a re Ireat to Ihe Kuban river Dispatches reported fresh suc cesses for the red armies on every sector of the 1000mile battle line from Rzev northwest of Moscow to the deep Caucasus Other soviet forces thrusting toward the Black Sea from Kotel mkovski which fell two days ago t0 atiother town and the Russian newspaper Red Star said a fierce battle was raging along the 42 mile rail line from Kotetnikovski to Zimovniki Frontline reports said thc Russians had driven past Russia has announced the capture of Kotelnikovski HP of ringed in black is the most active sector of the southern Russian front SnTinpl driV6S anwvs have cut some Ger west Vrf communion and encircled 22 nazt divisions vest of Stalingrad Broken line indicates comparatively Tlfe Ras lerovo fr Nalchik SOUth of this storm centei r Particularly hard against Mil CaucasusAnother red campaign drove at 3 ;