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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1964, Mason City, Iowa The UN and its troubles Snarled and complicated By JAMES MARLOW Associated News Analyst WASHINGTON AP The 115raember United Nations is doing business by pantomime Its snarled in back dues voting rights and facesaving The basic question Does the Soviet Union have a right to vote in the General Assembly until it pays its share of the UN peacekeeping costs The roots of the trouble go back 14 years to 1950 when the North Korean Communists in vaded South Korea The 11member Security Council went into session Five of these members are perma nent The United States the So viet Union Britain France Na tionalist China Anyone of the five has the veto power to kill any severe action by the council But just then by a freak the Soviet Un ion was boycotting the group The council promptly voted to fight the invasion with UN forces The Soviet Union re turned too late to undo this and tried to be a bottleneck Then the United States thought it time to shift some of this absolute power away from the council It proposed that the Genera assembly made up of all the UN members and with no one holding a veto should be able to take action against an aggres sor The vote was 52 to 5 The United Nations was a lot small er then The five dissenters were the Soviet Union and the Soviet bloc Years passed anc more trouble came In 1956 the General Assembly voted to send a UN peace keeping force into the Middle East to prevent trouble between Arabs and Israelis In 1960 i a peacekeeping force into the Congo The Soviet Union opposec both moves France opposed the Congo action But sustaining a UN armed force costs millions The Soviet Union and France fell behind in their share Thats a rough sketch of the background The story gets a little technical now because Ar tide 19 of the UN Charte says If a member falls behinc for two years in what it owes toward UN expenses it shal have no vote in the assembly By the time the General As sembly began its winter session this year on Dec 1 the Sovie Union was behind million altogether 15 nations were be hind and so was Franc which paid its share of Middle East costs but not those for th Congo But France wont become two years behind until Jan 1 and therefore until now hasnt been in a position to force a test o Article 19 Could it vote afte being two years behind in dues The United States insisted with approval by Congress tha the Soviet Union should b made to pay its dues or be pre vented from voting The International Court o Justice two years ago uphel Article 19 but no one in the Unit ed Nations has to abide by th courts decision and the Sovie Union ignored it The Soviet Union argued th UN operations in the Middl East and the Congo were bot illegal It says only the Security Council where it has a veto and not the assembly has au thority to vote funds for peace keeping Too much of a showdown be tween the United States and th Soviet Union could wreck th world organization So when the United Nation opened Dec l there was a kin of general tippytoeing in search for a solution and thi was the embarrassing part of it This country insisted the So viet Union couldnt vote in th assembly till it paid its bill Th pantomime began when the as had to elect a presiden How could it do that withou voting A way was found new president Alex Quaison Sackey of Ghana was chosen b acclamation arranged before hand Then came another problem Four new members of the Secu rity Council had to be elected b the assembly All the counc members except the big fiv which are permanent hold thei seats for a limited time More pantomime The UF members avoided a conflic over voting by filing into th presidents office and markin ballots This was prearrangec too North Iowa Weather outlook Clearing and colder Wednes day night 1424 Thurs day partly cloudy and lift warmer highs In mid 30s Weather on page 2 The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 1M MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 1H4 UOe Paper ConiUU at Two Aiwclated PrtH Full LUM Wine No 278 Phototax JOHN GOES THE EASY Kennedy Jr is safe in the arms of his mother as she and daughter Caroline make their way through the heavy snow during their Aspen Colo vacation Mrs Kennedy and her two children spent part of the morning tramping through the snow near their lodge 13 Yanks now missing Heavy loss as Viet town is recaptured By MALCOLM W BROWNE SAIGON South Viet Nam AP Government forces re captured the district capital of Jinn Nghia Wednesday but the Viet Cong captured two US en isted men and wiped out nearly wo companies of government roops Two other US soldiers mem ers of the Special Forces were killed Tuesday night in another action 30 miles north of Saigon Their deaths brought to 241 the number of Americans killed in combat since December 1961 Thirteen Americans now are missing Six US servicemen also were wounded in the threeday battle or Binh Nghia 40 miles east of Saigon Fighting still flickered Wednesday evening but the Viet Cong was believed to have made its final onslaught on the own Living costs show increase WASHINGTON costs heavily influenced by strikes in the automobile indus try rose twotenths of one per cent last month the Labor De partment reported Wednesday The increase was caused in arge part by higher prices for new and used cars stemming from the strikes against Gener al Motors and Ford the Bureau of Labor Statistics said The increase brought the gov ernments consumer price index o 1087 This means it cost last month to buy goods that cost in the 195759 base period At the peak of the fighting some 1200 government troops faced about the same number of Communists making it one of he largest engagements in Viet Mam in the past four years Three US helicopters were shot down Tuesday The town jammed with 6000 Roman Catholic refugees from Communist North Viet Nam was occupied by the Viet Cong on Dec 5 but government forces drove them out A powerful Viet Cong unit overran Binh Nghia again Mon day Two government Ranger companies tried to reenter the town but were driven out US helicopters poured in troops Tuesday for the final assault In a seething battle around the town Tuesday 175 battle hardened Vietnamese Rangers were pinned down by the Viet Cong This unit suffered at least 24 killed and an unknown num ber of wounded and missing Many of the missing were seen being led off as captives of the Viet Cong Among them were two American advisers In Saigon a number of offi cials said they believed another coup attempt was afoot Outwardly things appeared peaceful as negotiations contin ued on the dispute between US authorities and Lt Gen Nguyen Khanh the armed forces chief over military intervention in South Viet Nams civilian gov ernment But there was wide spread fear apparently based on inside information that a new and possibly violent plot was about to hatch Khanh and his staff continued conferring at the sea side resort of Cap St Jacquc not far from beleaguered Bin Nghia US Ambassador Maxwell D Taylor conferred with civilian Premier Tran Van Huong N break appeared in the 11day old deadlock However Secretary of State Dean Rusk was reported t have told President Johnson Tuesday that the next few day may see steps in Viet Nam to ward establishing a measure o unity in the divided govern ment In Washington Sen Richan B Russell DGa chairman o the Senate Armed Service Committee said he wants a re evaluation of the US position ir South Viet Nam Movie hero Wayne licks cancer By JAMES BACON HOLLYWOOD AP Movie hero John Wayne conqueror of Iwo Jima thousands of movie Indians and Western bad men says he now has conquered the great killer cancer Big Duke 57 once a five packaday smoker of unfiltered cigarettes said a recent hospi tal stay was for removal of a lung malignancy The official statement at the time was that an abscess had been removed from his lung I licked the Big C the all time movie box office king grinned Tuesday Thats what my doctors tell me I told them Dont lie to me And they know me darn well enough to know they hadnt better They say they got all of it because they found it early enough The always honest Wayne re fused to abide by the Hollywood code that cancer or any other serious illness could destroy a box office image But he doesnt smoke anymore My advisers all told me that the public doesnt want its mov ie heroes associated with a seri ous illness like cancer It de stroys their image I say theres a heck of a lot better image when John Wayne licks cancer I didnt squawk much when I was sick but now Im on my feet feeling better than ever so Im telling the world I had can cer and licked it Ive never been sick a day in my life but I go every year to Scripps Clinic in La Jolla for a checkup This time they found a spot on my lung It was a tumor and malignant I caught it early I dont if I never sell another ticket at the box office Id rather tell my story so that some poor soul some place can get a checkup with his doctor and be as lucky as I was Wayne returns to work Jan 4 in Durango Mexico on The Sons of Katie Elder You know Im in good shape because this is a typical John Wayne Western with lots of rugged action I never got fa mous making drawing room comedies Wayne entered Good Samari tan Hospital in Los Angeles Sept 16 for what was then de scribed as an old ankle injury A few days laler it was dis closed that he was being treated for an abscess in one lung JOHN WAYNE Soon to go back to work Dad 3 children safe Car falls into lake A Mason Cityan and his three children escaped injury when the family car plunged through Clear Lake ice Tuesday evening that had miraculously held up as the car passed over deep er water a moment before Everett Walk 36 424 S Caro lina and his children scrambled out of the auto in about car windowdeep water between Mc Intosh Woods State Park and Lone Tree Point The car was at the edge of the channel there only about 100 feet from the sand bar that ex tends into the lake from Mc Intosh Woods Headed for shore it had passed over the deepest part of the channel a channel in which water movement nor mally erodes surface ice mak ing crossing treacherous The car was so near the drop off that it sank in about eight feet of water when a wrecker line disturbed its position in an attempt to pull it from the water I didnt hit the brakes or speed up Walk said describ ing the drive across the ice The first thing I knew the front end started to go down and I started kicking the door like crazy to get the kids out The children arc Tom 10 Mary 11 and Jeff 6 We were sort of frightened Mary said Wednesday But she said there was no particular trouble in their father getting Lhem out and in getting onto ice Mary and Jeff did have to climb over the seat added Tom who was in the front of the 1964model station wagon with his father when the car went down Fred Suntken Meservcy who was fishing at Lone Tree Point heard the crunching ice as the car went through at between Hundreds of Reds arrested NEW DELHI India AP Police arrested hundreds of Communists in raids across In dia before dawn Wednesday Communist headquarters in New Delhi claimed more than 1 000 party members were seized Prime Minister Lai Bahadur Shastris government said the Reds had been preparing for violence and acting as a fifth column apparently meaning they had been working for Com munist China The government which faces a close election contest with the Communists in Kerala State hauled Red leaders out of bed in closely coordinated raids all across the country and 6 pm He ran to the scene to give help to the Walks who were soaked to the waist by the frigid water Suntken took the family to the home of his brother Lawrence Suntken at 204 Glen Cove Drive in Clear Lake The Sumkcns rustled up dry clothes for the Walks along with some food Work was still being done Wednesday afternoon in an at tempt to get the Walk auto out of the lake After slipping into the deeper water it was about two feet below the water sur face Walk said he got off work about 4 pm Tuesday picked up his children at home and got to the lake about He drove onto the ice and found a spot to fish on the cast side of the It was quite dark before he began the drive to the west side of the channel where the car nosed into the water Walk said he had seen some fish houses in that area and was go ing to try his luck there Water is 18 feet deep at the deepest point in the channel which the car almost got across without incident While the aver age ice depth at the lake is about Government stymied in efforts to try Klansmen went through Harold Raster of nearby Kastcrs Kove said that ice is actually thinner than that at MACON Ga AP The fed eral government stymied in efforts to try six alleged Ku Klux Klansmen charged with conspiring to oppress Negroes may appeal the ruling of a dis trict judge to the US Supreme Court US Dist Judge W A Bootlc dismissed federal conspiracy indictments against the six Tuesday The federal charges were brought after two of the six were acquitted in a state court in the shotgun staying of Lemuel Penn Washington DC Negro educator Beetles ruling said enforce ment of general criminal laws is a local matter He referred to the state acquittal of murder charges for two of the six and said it is important that the fed eral court not usurp jurisdic tion where it has none Penn a lieutenant colonel in the Army Reserve was hit by shotgun blasts fired from a passing car in early morning darkness July 11 He was re turning to Washington with two other Negro officers after two weeks of active duty at Ft Ben ning Ga Cecil Myers and Joseph How ard Sims were acquitted of murder charges in the Penn slaying in a state court trial at Danielsville Sept 4 They were amony six later charged by the FBI with con spiring to injure and oppress Ne groes The other four are Den ver Willis Phillips George H Turner Herbert Guest and James S Lackey State murder charges arc slil pending against Lackey Clete Johnson state prosecu tor said Tuesday night he has not decided whether to press the murder charges against Lack ey PEASIZE MOTORS Tiny Votor each the size of a small pea and made of plastic move on tape through a firing device These motors thought to be the smallest in the world will be given their first trial in space next year as stabilizing mo tors for a Tiros weather satellite A string of the expendable motors is mounted on tape that feeds through a halfpound triggering device Peterson to try to keep Gross from taking oath WASHINGTON AP Ste 14 inches it was only about phen M Peterson challenged three inches deep where the carlWcrmesday the reelection of one point the car crossed behers Monday jRcp H II Gross RIowa Ho said Gross will be asked to stand aside when the oath of office is given to House mem brc it went into the lake In spite of Walks trouble and good fortune in going hrough where a ledge supported he car autos were still going back and forth on the ice Wed nesday even in the area of the 300footwidc channel where thin spots arc a danger Inside The Globe Thats strictly nonsense to suggest that I stand aside Gross said Of course Im not going to do it I was elected and I have a certificate of elec tion Peterson said that a resolu tion asking Gross to step aside lo Ulc SGat until lhal time votes by a House administra tion subcommittee However Gross said at mid day that he had not yet re ceived the petition He said ha did not want to say anything further until he had seen tha document I certainly would not want to take this scat in Congress until it has been clearly established that I received a valid majori ty of the votes Peterson said I do not think that cither Mr1 Gross or myself has any right pending outcome of a challenge will be offered at the opening session of the new Congress He said it has not been decided yet who will make the move Gross was certified the win ner by 41 votes over Peterson The point at issue here ha added is simply whether or not we can obtain an honest and accurate account of the votes cast in the congressional elec tion Up until now we have not had any such count Waterloo Democrat in his bid Peterson said there is no pro society news 3for election to a ninth consecuvision in Iowa law for a re Clear Lake news 4 Comics 5 Mason City news 47 Latest markets 7 North Iowa news 8 Sports news 910 Transit timetable 12 Classified pages 1213 Editorials 14 Sooner than moon landing Sees cancer five term He was the only Re publican in the Iowa congres sional delegation lo retain his post in the last election Peterson said at a news con ference that both Gross and the House clerks office had been served with a 31page petition calling for a recount of the By FRANK CAREY Associated Press Science Writer MONTREAL AP An American cancer specialist forecasts that final break throughs toward controlling cancer by vaccines and miracu lous curative drugs will be achieved quicker than well get to the moon perhaps soon after 1970 Dr Jacob GershonCohen of Philadelphia said he based that prediction on his confidence that by that time breakthrough before 1970 1 Final proof will have been established that many if not most cancers are caused by viruses and Further devel opment will have been made on recent discoveries in under standing the structure of the basic core of all viruses spe cifically the nucleic acids DNA znd RNA He said these discoveries are probably more significant if less appreciated by the public than the unlocking of atomic energy GershonCohen radiologist of the Albert Einstein Medical Center spoke at a news confer ence prior to acting 3s chair man Wednesday of a symposi um on viruses and cancer at the 131st meeting of the American Association for the Advance ment of Science GcrshonCohcn also told news men Achievement of better con trol over ordinary viruses including those of the common cold may help reduce the danger of getting cancer It is possible some sttch viruses may be insidious helpmates of can cer causers or even cancer causers themselves The day will come when the taking of the temperature of specific areas of the body with devices based on infrared de tection techniques will be as important as Xray in helping detect ailments All people may be harbor ing latent nonactive cancer viruses with cancer devel oping only in those people ex posed to some triggering action such as excessive radiation certain chemicals or some in ternal disturbance I think well get positive re sults quicker than well get to the moon said GcrshonCohcn When reporter said the American space agency has its sights set on a moon landing by 1970 GershonCohen said he expected the cancer break throughs would be almost achieved by then In answer to another question he said that by then he expected the way would finally be open to perfecting vaccines and cura tive drugs He added that it would be only wild specula tion to hazard a guess on when such vaccines and drugs actual ly would be developed count of the voics The 27yearold Democrat contended that he was highly suspicious of what he called a PETERSON Continued on Page CROSS PETERSON SAME ;