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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1957, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T M E M E C A B E v u W THI THAT MA K I S ALL NORTH IOW N S N E I G H B 0 R S HOME EDITION VOL LXIV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Seven Cents copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 30 1957 This Paper Consists Two SectionsSection One No 9 Approve Billion Education Program One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE SSI What Lies Ahead in Desegregation A the sleppedup cold war between the free world and a hepped up Kremlin will un doubtedly have top billing in the of Ameri new year interest and concern cans as we enter a there are a few domestic prob lems that will be more within focu because they are closer at hand For one thing everybody is go ing to be scanning the economic sky to see whether that little cloud labeled as a slight reces sion takes on the dimensions of a storm cloud or proceeds to blend into the blue sky of pros perity unlimited Another item of concern wil be President Eisenhowers health One doesnt need to accept the gloomy pronouncements of our Wayne Morses and others given moie to talking than thinking to recognize that Ikes illnesses of the past two years are of the re curring kind Theres a greater probability theyll be more seri ous than they will be less serious Unfinished Story Andthen theresthe unfinished story of desegregation which en tered a new phase in a Supreme Court decision of May 1954 Whether what has happened in re cent months at Little Rock Ark is going to have the effect o hastening or retarding progress toward integration of the rates in our public schoolsis a cloudec question at this moment Maybe the next 12 months will bring some signs of what lies ahead Down through the years Ive been rather close to this issue I number among my warmest friends some men and women in the Deep South some men and women of the border states or Near South and some men and women of the Negro race I think I have sensed their respective points of view rather accurately Only recently I spent some time in New Orleans at an Associated Press managing editors confer ence On our formal program and in the informal sessions in rooms and hotel lobbies the racial ques tion was discussed with an al most dreary completeness II any aspect of it was neglected I cant imagine what it might be And there was no pulling of punches I can assure you The reasoning among editors is that debatable questions should be debated Southern Attitude Theres always a danger in generalizing but I think he over all attitude toward desegrega tion in the South can be stated in this manner In the border Tennes see Kentucky Maryland Ar kansas there is a rather wide1 spread assumption that integra tion is going to come some day in the more or less distant future but not tomorrow or the day after Although geographically they are more classifiable as Deep South than Near South this is the going point of view in North Car olina Florida and Texas What I have in mind here is often re ferred to as gradualism Against this give us a little time please school of thought is the unyielding insist ence among the whites of Geor gia Alabama Mississippi Vir ginia and South Carolina that de segregation shall never come to pass These stales were the heart of the Deep South back in the days of the Confederacy they still are just that Negro Viewpoint Among my Negro friends there is a wide range of opinion with respect to how soon there can be a fulfillment of the desegregation implicit in the Supreme Court de cision of almost four years ago Some say tomorrow or the day after by force if needs he some say lets take a little lime if it will lessen tensions some not very many but a few arc con tent to let nature take its course CONTINUED ON PAGE 2J Prime Minister David BenGur ion above and hs fiveparty coalition government resigned Monday in a bitter fight over cabinet responsibility BenGur ion had been unable to resolve the crisis started when the left wing Ahdut Avoda Parly leaked plans for a top secret arms mis sion to West Germany His for mal resignation will be submit ted to President Itzhak BenZvi not later than Tuesday morning But the President is expected to ask BenGurion to form another government Cold to Stay in Iowa for Rest of Week Frigid arctic air covered Iowa Monday bringing an end to the warm spell which had predomi nated for some time The cold weather was expected to continue for most of the rest of this week Temperatures dropped to above zero at Mason City early Monday with Spencer reporting 6 and Waterloo 9 Other lows ranged up to 23 at Burlington and Ottumwa The Weather Bureau said it would be colder in the extreme west and south Monday afternoon with highs of 12 to 18 in the north and 18 to 25 in the south Highs Sunday ranged from 15 at Mason City to 40 at Burlington There was some light snow in eastern Iowa Sunday and more was likely for the northeast Mon day The same also was likely in the southeast Monday night and Tuesday Lows Tuesday morning were due to range from zero to 15 above Sioux City Woman Burned to Death SIOUX CITY WClara Schra der 50 burned to death Sunday in a fire which destroyed the small frame house where she lived alone Mrs Schraders charred body was found near a doorway by firemen Robert Milter assistant fire chief said cause of the fire had not been determined He said it may have resulted from a stove defect The Weather Mason City Snow Monday night continuing Tuesday Continued cold Low Monday night 712 High Tuesday 1520 Iowa Monday night and Tuesday casional light snow southeast Colder southeast Monday night low zero to 8 above north 815 south Continued cold Tuesday Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 4 to 8 degrees be low normal Tuesday through Prepare Record est in peacetime and comparable to the peak spending of the Ko rean War An official said Sunday the ad ministration still hopes to balance this replytoRussia budget for fis cal 1959 despite the current de cline in federal revenue by a business recession Some budget decisions remain to be made this high source in dicated including whelher to ask for a special military con tingency fund of perhaps 500 mil lion dollars to be used at Eisen howers discretion Such a fund was described as one of several proposals advanced with the aim of giving the Presi dent standby resources to exploit any promising advance in rocket weaponry Less Essential In nondefense categories little if any cost reduction is foreseen in spite of Eisenhowers Novem ber call for the outright elimina tion of some desirable but less essential programs The official suggested the ad ministration is trying to find ad ditional money for the missiles racepartijr from ex High Tuesday Is north or 15 f above south thc btatc Hllhway Patrol GlobeGazelle weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 am YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 15 4 11 34 25 Budget Billion Total Likely WASHINGTON un President Eisenhower is expectedto send Congress next month a budget ap Wants More Data WASHINGTON Rep Gross Rlowa said Monday more information is needed fore hell be convinced that Congress should approve addi tional defense spending Gross a consistent advocate of re duced government spending said if present plans are car ried out additional taxes or in flation could result and the na tion would be off on a new spending spree Instead he said the country should be cut ting back on spending and re ducing taxes to leave money in thehands of the people istmg military programs He gave this overall picture of the budget outlook as it stands today Spending apparently will be somewhere between 73 billion and 74 billion dollars but closer to he high figure Sharp Upturn Within the military budget there will be cutbacks in some areas and increased spending em phasis in newer areas Total pending will be higher On the civilian side the main idea will be to prevent any in crease The budget for the government year starting next July there fore will be sharply up from the 72billiondollar total officially scheduled for Ihis 1958 fiscal year sum which Secretary of De Considerable cloudiness fense McElroy has indicated may r I TI i actually rise one billion or so be cause of accelerated military spending Pafrol Chief Lauds lowans for Sane iv incMiay inrougn Saturday Normal highs 26 north Weekend On Roads to 34 s o u t h Normal lows 8 north to 15 south Not quite so cold middle of week but turnauto death was reported in Iowa ing colder again later in week Precipitation will average one tenth to twotenths of an inch occurring as snow intermittent Iy throughout the period Minnesota Partly cloudy cold for Saturday or Sunday in con trast with nine motor vehicle deaths the previous weekend The development brought a word of praise for Iowa motor sts from David Herrick chief of GlobeGazette weather data o 8 am Sunday Maximum 37 Minimum 3 Herrick said reports from pa rolmen indicate that drivers used less speed and more caution while driving this past weekend The patrol chief also had a caution He said he New Years holiday is coming up and tnless similar caution is used there may be as many as seven up highway deaths Herrick prom ised a severe crackdown on all type of driving violations during the holiday THEYLLTRY Members of the Austin Minn Rocket Society prob ably know how the U S Navy felt when its Vanguard satellite blew upThe young experimenters tried to launch two1 rock ets in face of considerable publicity and t 1 i Ap JPhototax each attempt ended in failure But they plan to try again Odeau Judd left ad justs the mechanism before one of the abortive launching attempts while Gary Solyst Archie Solyst and Sister Mary Duns Scotus school adviser looks on America Is Latest By JOSEPH NEWMAN New York Herald Tribum News Service BUENOS AIRES The Soviet Union is prepared to provide equipment and materials on at tractive terms for the develop ment of oil resources in the lead ing Latin American countries it has been learned The Soviet aim evidently is to establish an economic bridgehead Sales Tax Intake More Than Anticipated D E S MOINES WVT h e Iowa Tax Commission reported Mon day sales tax collections in the irst quarter since return to the two per cent rate totaled more than was expected Collections for the Julythrough September period totaled 744782 The commission had ex pected to receive only Collections for any given quar er are made during the quarter following the one in which the sales took place The first quarter figure is 52856218 below the amount col ected for the same period last year when the rate was 2 per cent Gov Herschel G Loveless last ipring vetoed a bill to continue the 2Mi per cent rate Fred Campbell commission cashier said the increase over what had been anticipated probably can be credited to a rise in retail sales Under a two per cent rate hree years ago collections in he first quarter totaled 000 However this did not include a cigarette and beer sales tax which was imposed later in Latin America similar to the one it recently succeeded in erect ing in the Middle East Latin America is in some respects simi lar to the Middle East Both areas are poor underdeveloped dissat isfied with United States policy and vulnerable to attractive of fers from Russia and China The first big Soviet move is in Brazil largest country in the western hemisphere and poten tially one of the wealthiest in the world Moscow recently offered to supply Rio de Janeiro with ev erything it needs for its oil indus try The offer was made through Col Tito do Canto a Brazilian who had been set up as the man aging director of a firm called Torgbras which handles the sale of Soviet products in Brazil He has two Russian Man Injured in CarTruck Crash NEW Ar lingdale Waterloo Monday was in critical condition with internal injuries at the local hospital as the result of an accident four miles west of here Sunday A car driven by Arlingdale was headed west on Highway 18 It sides wiped a creamery truck driven by Otto Wedeking rural New Hampton The truck was eastbound Wedeking was not in jured The car driven by Aiiingdale was demolished SINGERS WED LAS VEGAS Nev Eydie Gorme and Steve Law rence are going to make it a duel They were married Sunday in Las Vegas where Miss Gorme is appearing in a night club Plowmans Odyssey Is Judged LIE OF THE YEAR BURLINGTON Wis The towering tale of a plowmans South Dakota odyssey was declared the lie of the land this year by the Burlington Liars Club Harry Berogan Mission S D reaped the rewards of prevari cation witft his story of a farmer who showed like Einstein that time is only a relative to a wife Berogan claimed We have a farmer out here who has a fietd so long that he started out last spring with a tractor plow and drill and was gone so long that his wife drew three widows pension checks She thought he had got plowed under But he got back the other day When he got to the other end of the field he traded his plow and drill for a combine and har vested on the way home Bereaani story didnt say what me farmer harvested erian K Odinthoff and Klimenty J Odintsoff Col Canto through his Brazilian army connections is negotiating the sale of 5000 Russianmade Moskvich auto mobiles to the Brazilian army club at prices undercutting other foregin manufacturers Drilling Equipment The Russians said they would supply Petrobars the Brazilian oil monopoly with the drills re fineries and all other materials which its requires and which it is unable to procure on satisfac tory terms from the United States Britain or other Western countries It is believed likely that the Russians will soon make a simi lar offer to Argentina if they have not done so already The Russians have again shown how astute they are by choosing oil as the arena in which to battle the IS in South America The US is particularly vulnerable in the oil field because many Latin American Ar gentina Brazil and to develop their resources as a na tional monopoly Private Interests This has led to acute differ ences with the US which is championing private oil compan ies on the ground that oil should be left to private interests Refusal by the US government to grant credits for developing oil of the big three South Ameri can countries has brought charges that Washington is try ing to sabotage their slate monopolies Russia itself has slate oil monopoly and there fore appears more than anxious to encourage a similar system in South America Some South servative businessmen as well as leftist welcome increased Soviet and Communist economic activity in L a t i America As Luis Batllc Bcr res former president of Uru guay once said thc best way to arouse interest in the US and secure significant American eco nomic aid is to establish a Com munist threat White SAME DATE 1956 724 mcnns no irafflo death past 21 in AT AUSTIN Mousenik II Fails to Get Off Ground AUSTIN Minn mouse scheduled to em bark on a perpendicular odyssey in a rocket made by the Austin Rocket a new lease on life Mousenik II never got off the ground At pm Sunday the group of high school boys headed by a Roman Catholic nun sent up a test rocket one of two sched uled to go up during the after noon Richard King society treas urer pressed the button The rocket blew up He exclaimed Holy cow Second Rocket But undaunted the society be gan preparing the second rocket one bearing little Ulysses At the second attempt was made But the electric ignition failed As about 50 persons looked on the boys worked frantically try ing to repair it Finally they tried to set it off manually Again it failed No one in the society had much to say The 11 teenagers and their Duns too dejected according to onlookers Easy to Rebuild Society officials did say the rockets would be fairly easy to rebuild and might be ready in a couple of The launching which received almost as much publicityas its Cape Canaveral counterpart was not nationally televised as was originally hoped for How ever threefourths of the ob servers who numbered 108 at first but dwindled Constantly in the nearzero weather were thought to be newsmen In a test several weeks ago a mouse was sent up several thousand feet but it was killed when its parachute mechanism failed to function properly Teamsters Employers in Salary Pact CHICAGO Union leaders and negotiators for trucking operators in 12 Central states including Iowa disclosed Monday they had reached a ten tative agreement on new wage increases and other benefits However t h e which ended three days of closed door must be Approved by union members and employers 42 Cents Hourly James Hoffa Teamster presi dentelect and head of the unions Central States Council said the union got substantially what it asked package increase of 42 cents an hour over a three year period However an employer negotia tor Barney Cushman Chicago said increases wont reach that proportion Results of the negotiations will affect some 96000 cartage and in tercity drivers in the Central states They also are expected to sel the pattern for about 500000 other members of the giant union Fringe Benefits At the opening of negotiations Friday Hoffa said the Teamsters were seeking pay hikes of 15 cents an hour next year 10 cents an hour in 1959 and 10 cents an hour in 1960 They also asked for a boost of seven cents an hour in health welfare and pension ben efits Current base pay for drivers in volved is an hour Intercity drivers operate under a com bined hourly and mileage for mula Former KP Now Boss of Mess Sergeant ALONG THE TRUCE LINE Korea couldnt have lappened better in a dream for Richard Buxton Newly commissioned a second icutenant Buxton Monday as Digued to boss he mess sergeant Sfc Curtis L Miller under whom hes served KP as an ordinary GI V Answer to Russ Buildup To Provide Scholarships GETTYSBURG Pa A bil liondollar fouryear program to bolster education was approved Monday by President Eisenhow er It contemplates 10000 fed eral scholarships each year and 5050 matching grants to states The plan was released after Secretary of Health Education and Welfare Folsom conferred for an hour with the President Folsom said he had talked about the program to congress men and felt it would receive a favorable reception when it goes to Congress for approval JFolsom said the federal pro gram would try to correct defici encies in education which if al lowed to continue would serious ly weaken our national security effort and is an answer to Russias continuing buildup ia the science field Broad Coverage But in a news conference Folsom made it clear that sci ence and mathematics would not be stressed alone He said the scholarship program aims to bring thousands more students into colleges The program calls for Appropriation of 225 million dollars in the first year with a fouryear total of one billion dol lars Of this sum about 800 mil lion dollars is estiniated as part of the 5050 matching A increase thV appropriation for the National Science Foundation which n6vr has a budget of about 40 million dollars year Among other things the foundation seeks to improve research training and teaching in the sciences The amount to be asked for the foundation was not specified bub Folsom said that about 79 million dollars which he described as more than half would be for its science education activities Improve Teaching The proposed 5050 grants to states would be for such things as improving the teaching of sci ence and mathematics Folsom in dicated they could be made for construction of laboratories among other things On the scholarship programs Folsom said preference would be given to students with good back ground in science and mathema tics But the administration felt the idea mainly was to get more students into colleges where sci ence would then be able to get its fair proportion of recruits The amount of individual schol arships would vary according to financial need Folsom eslimated the average would be between It was anticipated this would mean some 40000 students en rolled on federal scholarships at the end of the basic fouryear pe riod Folsom said he hoped the pro gram might be adopted by Con ress in time for the scholarships to get into operation by the next academic year A M M Dornon 99 Dies at New Orleans NEW ORLEANS La Alex andria M M Dornon 99 promi nent Iowa educator and philoso pher died at his home here Sat urday following a short illness A native of Pennsylvania Dor non came to Iowa in 1879 and be gan teaching at Mediapolis Dur ing his teaching career he also served as superintendent at Vin ton Corning Osccola Morning Sun and Wapello Burns Are Fatal to Centerville Man CENTERVILLE Richard Peel 75 died Monday in an Iowa City hospital of burns suf fered Christmas morning in a fire which broke out in the small lome here where he lived alone Peel was dragged from the burning house when passersby discovered the blaze The fire ap arcnlly originated ia an over j heated stove ;