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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H I STOilY MQINES CQMP F AflCH 1 I A V MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Paper Consists ol Two Section 68 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO HUOD City Ills p m WTAD Qotacr III Uon p ra W01 Amn Tntidiy m m WSUl Cltj P m As Another Year Passes Into History THOSE among us who expected prosperity and peace to re turn to the world in full measure during 1946 must be disappointed as they look back over the past 12 months Certainly their high hopes have not been fulfilled While actual warfare has been pretty much restricted to China and the middle east the world has been torn by dissension The evidence is too plain that the na tions have not put force behind them as the ultimate determiner of international controversies America is the only country which can be said to have enjoyed anything resembling prosperity And with us that prosperity has been of a flimsy and spotted va riety Short a ges industrial troubles and uncertainties still plague us on all hands All in all the picture hasnt been too rosy But those who viewed the scene realistically a year ago have been neither surprised nor disappointed by the developments 1946 Just about everything that has hap pened has had an explainable cause A FOREMOST consideration in appraising the contemporary scene is a fact attested to a hun dred times in mankinds history namely that a war creates more problems than it solves Stated another way war of and by it self never provides a complete solution to any problem It is utterly illogical to assume that a great war based on mass destruction of material and spirit ual values would or could have the effect of ushering in an era of universal peace and prosperity A war which left untold mil lions of humans without homes in which to live or factories in which to earn their livelihood should not be counted on by thinking people to nurture hap piness for mankind Moreover the assumption that people who have been taught by war to hate their neighbors would overnight and automatically start loving their neighbors is without any basis in logic With these things in mind it would have been possible last January to look out upon the world scene with a clearer per spective There might even be a point in looking back over the past year from that point of view for a general evaluation of what has taken place in the world na tional and home areas Suppose we do that very thing for the next few minutes MOST important of all the questions facing mankind to day is this Are we moving to ward the elimination 01 wars Its the most important question because all except dreamers now know that what passes for stand up under the impact of an other war Even in their present state of development atom bombs could be joined with radiocontrolled rocket propelled missiles to bring complete destruction to the worlds remotest areas Those in highest authority are agreed that the only defense against this type of attack is just not to be there In this Im talking about present development Im not talking about what scientists may have up their sleeve for tomorrow I wont need to labor the point that science doesnt stand still Always unfortunately for mankind the advances of science are far great er than mankinds capacity for absorbing and dealing with those scientific advances SO I COME to the question Are we nearer or further away from the likelihood of war than we were a year ago this day If I had been called upon for an answer to this Question last August Im afraid my answer would have been a little on the pessimistic side At this moment however the outlook is ever so much more hopeful At the Paris peace conference which dragged out through most of the summer Russia seemed bent on scotching every endeavor by this and other countries to ad vance world understanding In re cent weeks however at the Unit ed Nations conference in New York there been what ap pears to be an almost complete reversal of Russian attitude WHAT lies at the base of this change is anybodys guess And my own guess is that it started with the speech given by Secretary State Byrnes at Stutt gart Germany in the later stages of the Paris conference In that speech Mr Byrnes let it be known that America was all through ap peasing It was more than hinted by our foreign secretary that if Russia was insistent on dividing the world into 2 armed on CONTINUED ON PAGE Zt SEE U S ATOM PLAN APPROVAL 3 lowans Die as Mercury Tumbles to 21 Below DEC OR AH HAS LOWEST MASON CITY 12 BELOW State Temperatures to Skid Even Lower Expect 15 Below Here Frigid by De corahs 21below zero temperature into Iowa over the week end particularly in the northern section It was the first touch of real winter weather this season and left a toll of at least 3 deaths at tributed to the cold snap Many other communities felt the icy blast Mason City reg istered a low of 12 below early Monday morning It was 14 below at Spencer and Cherokee Esther ville and Fort Dodge recorded a 13 reading and Waterloo and Marshalltown had a 10 The mercury was expected to slide even lower by Tuesday morning in Iowa A low of 15 be low was forecast by the Iowa weather bureau for Mason City and vicinity The 3 deaths attributed to the weather John Ryan 75 frozen to death at Fort Dodge Saturday night George Dowcll 85 Washington died of a heart attack while shov eling snow at his home Sunday William Spellman SS Orient farmer killed when his car went over an embankment near Creston during a sleet storm Saturday The Iowa State Safety patrol reported light snow in the central portion of the state Monday morn ing although highways were near ly but slippery in spots due to packed snow Highways hi the northeast part of the state were slippery in spots There light snow in the north west but highways were nearly normal There was some packed snow in spots and the highways were slippery in other spots In the southeast there was also light snow and highways were packed and slippery Highways in the southwest part of the state were nearly normal Many accidents were reported throughout the state Most serious accident in Mason City Saturday and Sunday was the smashing of a new 1946 Chev rolet owned by R W Ellis 1205 2nd S W when it was struck by a Rock Island freight engine Ellis was driving on 6th S W just before noon Sunday when he saw the engine approaching the crossing He applied his brakes and the car slid halfway on the tracks and stalled With no time to get the car started again Ellis grabbed his 4 year old daughter from the seat beside him and jumped from the car The slowly moving train hit the front endof the car and crumpled radiator grilles fenders and hood police said Mrs E C Gage and her mother Mrs Jessie Turner of Des Moines were recovering Monday in the Steele Memorial hospital at Bel mond from injuries suffered when their car left Highway 69 and rolled over south of Belmond Mr Gage who was driving was un hurt The car was badly wrecked Mrs Gage suffered a fractured shoulder and Mrs Turner several fractured ribs and a back injury They were on their way to Clear Lake when the accident occurred An International truck driven by Charles R Keen of Mason City and a car driven by Paul E Kiar of Clarion collided headon 6 miles south of Clarion on highway 69 The drivers escaped serious in jury but both vehicles were dam aged An auto accident near Ottunuva was fatal to John F Russell 66 of Burlington who was a passen ger in an auto driven by John Snyder Seaton 111 Coroner Gor don Traul said Russells grand son Dennis Russell 2 and Sny der were in serious condition at an Ottumwa hospital The Minneapolis weather bureau predicted the mercury would plunge to a low of 30 de grees below zero in northern Min nesota and at least to 15 in the southern portion of the state Mon day night Bcmidji was the coldest spot in the state Sunday night with 30 below while International Falls had 23 Dululh 20 and Alex andria Zl Three persons died from the 3 day storm Twins Marry Twins Bluffington Ind and Paul Weidler twins married the twin daughters of Mr and Mrs Ernest Hofstreeter of Gen eva Ind in a dpuble wedding cer emony AP Wlrtphoto PVT JAMES HILL AND FIANCEE Why He Missed Wedding GI Stops Payroll Robbery Misses Own Wedding Date Hamilton Field Cal Pvt James Hill Robinson I11 explained to his fianceeMonday why hehad to break their wedding was too busy routing a bandit gang which was after a 000 army payroll Hill 17 a veteran of 3 months in the army fought a gun battle with 6 bandits saved the payroll but missed his wedding He was to have married Rosemary 17 San Francisco Saturday night but instead he got stuck with sentry duty In the cold rainy hours before dawn Sunday he routed 6 gunmen who tried to break into the air base finance office Monday he Woman Hurt Kept Warm by 2 Dogs Council Bluffs Julia Miller 83 related Monday from icr hospital bed how her 2 dogs snuggled up beside her to keep ler warm in nearfreezing tem peratures as she lay in her front yard for 30 hours her hip frac ured from a fall She was found by a letter car rier the day before Christmas and now is recovering and in good condition attendants said Mrs Miller who lives alone on a small outlying acreage carried out some ashes a week ago Mon day She slipped and fell The fall paralyzed her and she couldnt move Mrs Miller related The wind was in the wrong direction for anyone to hear her calls she added Her long haired farm dogs Prince 2 and Pulley more than 20 years old sat down beside her They barked everytime a car passed but the road was about a block away Mrs Miller lay on the ground until Paul Perkins a rural mail carrier discovered her plight Tuesday noon The dogs snuggled up to me all through the night and I didnt get cold Mrs Miller related The temperature Tuesday morn ing dipped as low as 35 degrees Dr E C Magaret said Mrs Miller might have suffered from exposure or pneumonia had the dogs not kept her warm spruced up in his best uniform to appear before his commanding of ficer for a special citation The wedding has been set ten tatively for New Years day Hill said Its all right being a hero he said but I was supposed to be a bridegroom by now Hills bulletbattle with the burglars ina predawn driving rain Sunday was a typical army heroism and GI efficiency story The gunmens surprising raid on a tightlyguarded and patrolled military base and their myster ious disappearance without visible means of locomotion other then their feet was the problem of the FBI and army police authorities It was the 2nd time in 24 hours that the FBIhad been calledinto an army base in theSan Francis co area on a burglary case Satur day the Presidio finance office safe was blown open by bandits who made off with in cash Top Grade Butter Down 33A Cents New York for top grade butter declined 3J cents a pound Monday in the New York wholesale market approximately wiping out last Fridays advance and leaving the postChristmas drop of from 9 to 10 cents still in effect Heavy shipments of butter from the midwest in order to take ad vantage of the disparity between New York and Chicago prices op erated to drive the price down here Grade AA 92 score butter sold for 76i cents a pound and 92 score grade A for 74J A New York slate agricultural experiment station has increased beet production in one instance by applying salt to the land ARREST JEWS FOR FLOGGING Reprisals Threatened by Underground Gang Jerusalem UR British troops and police in a house to house search of the Lydda district Mon day arrested a number of Jews suspected in the kidnapflogging of 4 British soldiers Sunday Pamphlets distributed in the name of theIrgun Zvai Leumi un derground organization said death wouldbe the retaliation hence forth for flogging of Jews The at tacks on the British Sun day were in reprisal for such a sentence by a military court Despite the troubled situation the British command Monday con firmed the sentencing of another Jewish youth to 12 lashes with a cane The fjgun warning of the death sentence in retaliation for any more lashings of Jewish prisoners was assumed to be an effort to head off the sentence confirmed Monday Gen Sir Evelyn Barker Brit ish commander in Palestine an nounced the confirmation of a military courts verdict that Arran Cohen 17 be lashed for carrying pamphlet bombs last month Three months imprisonment to whicl Cohen also has been sentenced was suspended Here and There Iowa was shiv ering in its coldest weather of the winter word comes from Pvt Richard Kyhl at Fort Field Panama slating Albrook he has been released from a hospital where he has been a patient for a week suffering from sunburn Seek Miss Slick Chick of 47 Chicago nationwide contest to select the most beautiful hen in the United States was announced Monday by the poultry and egg national board Board Secretary Glenn H Campbell said the Slick Jhick of be selected entirely on the basis charm personality and sex appeal He said judges will be looking for coquettishness of eyes contour of figure and sweep of tail It doesnt matter the hen cant lay an egg Beginning Jan 1 judges will scout the henhouses and scrutinize pictures of entrants submitted by their owners Five regional winners will be chosen from the flocks of more than 5000000 poultry raisers Campbell said On March 10 they will be taken to a yet feted at a chicken feed banquet where final selections will be made The Slick Chick will receive a furlined nest and a golden grade A size Her owner will get S500 Tobey Challenges Eight of Republican Senators to Act FLAMES OUST 200 SOLDIERS 1 GI Receives Minor Burns at Fort Crook Omaha early Monday destroyed the center section of a huge brick barracks building at Fort Crook Nebr and about 200 soldiers had to evacuate One soldier Pvt Claude E French was hospitalized for minor burns received while helping to fight the blaze The building normally housed about 500 soldiers and contained induction center offices A boiler room containing a central heating plant was swept by the fire and the lack of heat made the entire building even the undamaged portions unusable Monday The origin of the fire was not immediately determined but it appeared to have started in bowl ing alleys located in the basement It destroyed the center section and spread into both wings of the blocklong structure before post firemen assisted by Omaha fire companies brought it under con trol Convicted Slayef Gets 99 Years at Hard Labor Anamosa Larson 21 convicted earlier this month on a 2nd degree murder charge was sentenced in district court here Monday to 99 years at hard labor in the Fort Madison peni tentiary Larson who was serving a sen tence in the reformatory here for larceny from Fort Dodge and Louis Hofer another reformatory inmate killed John Hinz 49 in a from the reformatory last June Hofer was convicted of murder in the first degree and sentenced to be hanged He is now in death row at the peniten tiary Set New Nazi Trial Berlin British mili tary government announced Mon day that 27000 former members of Hitlers gestapo nazi leadership corps and the S declared criminal by the Nuern berg be tried be fore 100 special German courts be ginning in February Expect Vandenberg and Taft Appeals to Put Down Insurrection Washington repub licans went ahead with plans for election of officers Monday despite a challenge from Senator Tobey R N H of their authority to act until congress actually meets Informed by reporters of Tobcys stand Senator Taft R chairman of the steering commit tee replied I have no doubt of the right of the elected republicans to caucus in advance of taking their oaths and decide what they are going to do Tobey argued that the rules of the republican conference organi zation of senate G 0 P members provide for the election confer ence chairman and appointment of a new steering committee and committee on committees only after the new session of congress has convened The 80th session starts Friday noon Taft who probably will also head the new steering committee presided at a 2hour session of the outgoing steering group Tuesday morning as plans were laid for the general conference of 51 republi can senators and senatorselect Monday afternoon The gathering of all G O P sen ators was called to agree on or ganization of the senate branch of the new congress and parcel out choice leadership posts There were reports that Sen ators Vandenburg and Taft planned personal appeals in an ef fort to put down the insurrection against the committee on commit tees The Michigan and Ohio sen ators each slated for dual roles in the new senate leadership in dicated they would fight to the last ditch a move headed by Sen ator Reed of Kansas to bar Sen ator White of Maine from becom ing both floor leader and chair man of the new Commerce com mittee Senator Butler pre dicted to a reporter that a firm stand by either or both of the leaders would crumble any ef fort to upset the working assign ments laid out in advance by Whites committee on commit tees The senate republicans who go to bat in a party conference of all of their 51 members Monday were notalone however in their pre occupation with organization con troversies House republicans will meet Thursday to decide a 4way battle for majority floor leadership un der the general direction of Rep Martin of Massachusetts who is expected to be chosen speaker without party opposition Wrapped up in the leadership fight are some of the ambitions of various potential GOP presi dential candidates in 1948 Ice to Cover World 200000 Years Chicago Andrew C Lawson professor emeritus of ge ology at the University of Califor nia believes the world is due to be covered with ice again It may not make any difference however It will probably take 200000 years and there may be no one here to see it Lawson said in an address over the weekend that the world was only temporarily basking in the sunshine of a period between gla cial ages that couldnt last for ever I believe the ice is going to come again he said When or how extensive it is impossible to say but it wont be very long ge ologically speaking Actually all the ice from the last glacial period isnt gone yet In the far north there are several large glacial deposits and they might start growing very gradual ly almost any century Four times in the history of the earth ice has crept down over most of the planet wiping out all life in its path then retreating to the poles leaving behind great bodies of water from which land masses gradually emerged Plant and animal life flourished again but new animals become domi nant I see no reason why we should expect the pattern to change Lawson said The coming of the ice and its withdrawal are imperceptible to anyone but geologists And we have a hard time observing changes they occur so slowly he said If ice masses grow at the rate of 1 foot a century we think thats pretty fast So nobody needs to worry about the ice coming again in his lifetime or his childrens lifetime In fact by the time the ice gets here again there might not be any people at Critical Condition of Crew Members Delays Airplane Crash Probe Ennis County Clare Eire An inquest into the deaths the 12 victims of the TWA Constella tion crash at Shannon was ad journed Monday until Jan 28 when injured members of the crew are expected to be able to testify Before the adjournment Sgt John Hickey in charge of the Irish civil guards at Shannon tes tified that it was very dark anc cloudy with a slight mist anc rain when the airliner crashec on the island in the Shannon river Eaturday Dr J B MacClancyT count hospital surgeon said the 12 vic tims died o shock resulting from the mangling injuries they re Saturday Vandenberg Taft EXPECT VERDICT ON NEW AIRLINE Proposals Include Line by Way oi Mason City Washington Rep Cas RS Dak has been notified tha the civil aeronautics board will announce a decision on the north central case Monday or Tuesday Chairman J M Landis of th CAB told Case the decision wil dispose of the many individua airline applications which havi been involved in hearings and in vestigalions more than 2 years Among others is a request by the Black Hills airlines lor a lin from Chicago to Billings Mont by way of Mason City Iowa anc stopping in South Dakota at Sioui Falls Mitchell Rapid City anr Spearfish Western airlines has asked fo an extension from Pierre S Dak to Minneapolis via Brookings S Dak MidContinent airlines applica tion covers proposed new route throughout Iowa Minnesota ani Nebraska tying in with South Da kota feeders that would link Siou Falls Watertown and Mitchell Case told a reporter the north central applications were the re suit of an air mail study under taken at his request more than years ago Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Contin ued cold Low Monday night 1 below Iowa Mostly cloudy and continue cold Monday night and Tuesday with occasional light snow sout portion Monday night and south east portion Tuesday Low Mon day night 10 below north to nea zero south High Tuesday 8 to 1 above Shippers Forecast Northern hal 15 below southern half 10 belov Minnesota Fair continued ver cold Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night will rang from 20 to 30 below north to 1 below south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at oclock Monday morning At S a m Monday 3 Maximum 1 Minimum 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 29 Minimum 21 GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at oclock Sunday morning Maximum 18 Minimum 3 At 8 a m Sunday 3 Precipitation 13 in Snow 3 in YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 19 BUT REDS BALK AT VETO IN SETUP Russia Calls for Urgent Action by Nations to Outlaw Atomic Weapons Lake Success N Y ma ority the United Nations tomic energy commission over iding Soviet Russian objections xpressed approval Monday of the Jniled States plan for harnessing tomic energy but a formal vote emained to be taken The commission recessed at 2 m for an hour Soviet Russia charged bluntly londay that atomic energy is still cing used exclusively for pro duction of aggressive arms and ailed for urgent action to outlaw tomic weapons Simultaneously Russia flatly ejected the United States pro losal that the veto be waived on tomic matters attacking that sug gestion as actually a revision of he United Nations charter Russia in effect reinstated its ilan for controlling atomic ener y This asked the nations toout aw atomic weapons by treaty and destroy existing stocks of bombs Immediately after Russias po rtion was stated by Andrei A Gromyko newlyappointed deputy oreign minister Bernard A Ba uch United States delegate for mally moved that the United States plan incorporated in a re port submitted Monday to the commission be adopted as the r commissions report and sent to he United Nations security It is necessary Gronjyko said to distinguish the question con cerning the prohibition of atomic and ail other weapons adaptable to mass destruction in order to take an urgent decision on it since the atomic energy is still beingused exclusively for the production of armaments which by their na ure are the weapons of aggres sion and which by their very nature arc destined for an attack mainly on large cities with nu merous civil population Gromyko also declared that the Jnited States proposals in conflict with the arms limitation resolution adopted unanimously jy the United Nations general as sembly on Dec 14 He called for an iternbyitern discussion of the U S plan in or der to make absolutely necessary corrections and to proceed with out delay with preparation of the international convention on the prohibition of the production and use of atomic and other major weapons adaptable to mass de struction having in mind the draft convention submitted by the Soviet government on July 19 1946 this was the Russian plan for atomic Gromyko spoke first when the commission convened at a m He delivered his talk in English a rare thing for him His proposal for a detailed con sideration of the United States plan would have the effect of postponing the final decision by the commission for which the United States delegation has been pressing After attacking the United States proposals that the veto be removed from atomic punish ments as a revision of the char ter Gromyko said that the Soviet government had no objection to discussing the United States pro posals in detail The Soviet government con siders it necessary that the above mentioned and other defects in the American draft be removed and that the submitted draft be brought into conformity with the decision of the general assembly and with the charter of the Unit ed Nations he said The United Stales fought power fully Monday for a decision on an atomic control system which would permit no veto on the pun ishment of nations breaking an atomic code The problem was put squarely before the full United Nations atomic energy commission in the shape of an 89page report which laid in the groundwork of a com plete system of international con trol and inspection advocated by the United Stales Honey of Fire Carroll was a honey of a fire William Schreck who lives 7 miles south of here put the bee directly on a swarm of bees in his chimney for a fire at the rented home he occupies He said honey dripping on the stove pipe caused flames to shoot up through the ceiling and break out on the attic and roof A large hole was burned in the roof and the dining room was damaged We were pretty becsy for a while Schreck commented ;