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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES VOL U THE NEWSFAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION United Pna mil Leuzd Wita MASON ciry IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER SB 1944 Ttm Paper Consists ol Two Jff 71 NAZIS ATTACK IN BASTOGNE SECTOR Japan Reports Large American ands on Mindoro Isle CLAIM PLANES TAKE BIG ML Nimitz Declares Japan Must Occupied for to Win Peace By UNITED PRESS The Tokyo radio saidSaturday that an American convoy had put in at Mindoro after sailing west ward through the Phili ppines to the Sulu sea under Japanese air attacks which sank 70 per cent of the ships Japanese broadcasts said the re ported existence of has not been confirmed by any American bent on supplying and reinforcing the Mindqro garrison rather than making a new Invasion venture A TokyoBroadcast in Italian I beamed to Europe said thecon yoy had reached Mindbro and that only 8 or of an original about port Thiis can say the propa gandists reported that 70 per cent of the convoy has been sunk by our heroic activity Adm Chester W Nimitz mean time returned to Saipan from an inspection tour of Pacific forward areas and warned that be prepared to invade Japan by assault He said that Japan definitely have to be occupied by IT S forces to winthe peace and noti f fed the Japanese tlutthebomb inr of their homeland Is jnst commencing and Is doe to be intensified On the continent American flyers were revealedto have de stroyed or damaged 202 Japanese and 48000 tons of ship Ping In one week of raids throughout Asia They shot down enemyiplanes ata rate of 40 to 1 Allied forces continued their drive through Burma and were reported less than 80 miles from Mandalay A Japanese communique claimed IT ships including a cruiser and a destroyer had been sunk in at tacks Wednesday through Satur day and the official Dome agen cy suggested the convoys main objective was to replenish Min doro rather than an attack on the west coast of Luzon Domei called the convoy a great fleet Japanese planes intensified their attacks prt the convoy Thurs day night and all day Friday sinking 4 more large transports and a torpedo boatand damaging 2 other large transports a cruiser and a destroyer theenemy com munique said The1 communique boosted the numberipf vessels claimed to have iceri sunk since the convoy first was brought underattack in the Mindanao sea south of Leyte Wed nesday night to transports and a torpedo the num ber damaged to 6 including the 2 warships The convoy originally reported by the Japanese to include at least 30 transports and 20 escort ing cruisers and destroyers ap parently was traveling the same eSOmileroute fromXeyte as the ISOship armada which landed invasion troops on Mindoro Dec Earlier Japanese broadcasts had reported that the American forces on Mindpro were making no at tempt STenlarge their bridgehead andsuggested that Gen Douglas contemplating an imminent invasion of Luzon site of the capital city of Manila Americanairfields on Mindpro lie only 145 miles south of Manila the northern coast of jVIiri doro extends to within 9 miles of the Luzon at the narrow Verde island straits The Japanese communique ac knowledged that four Japanese planes had been lost in the latest attacks on the convoy MacArthnrs daily communique remained silent on the Japanese claims biit reported that his med itun bombers had heavily damaged a 7000ton freightertransport in a raid on enemy shipping in Lingayen gulf a little more than IW miles north of Manila on the west coast of Luzon Twentythree Japanese planes attacked American airfields and shipping at Mindoro Wednesday Tiight causing some damage Mac Arthur said but eight of the raid ers were shot down No enemy ground activity was reported on Mindoro ARCHBISHOP TO BECOME GREEK REGENTPrime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Bntam and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden are shown witliTchbishop Darnas kinos of Athens during conferences with a committee of which the archbishoD is man effort to bring about civil peace in Greece Churchill and Eden have left Ath regency Kilig of Greece to approve a Gredan HaltOutput of Civilian Ammunition Washington war pro luction board Saturday called a halt on all production of civilian ammunition At the same tuile the agency moved toconserve present stocks of ammunition for essential uses Sunday is the final day for the manufacture of ammunition for any except government and milji tary use Manufacturers stocks will be frozen pending develop ment ot distribution controls de signed to place ammunition in the tiands of essential users such as farmers ranchers and public protection agencies said its action was prompted by a sudden increase in military requirements for small arms ammunition The agency requested wholesal ers to stop at midnight Sunday certain sale of ammunition pre viously allowed under a relaxation order This order had permitted extra sales ot ammunition to farmers and ranchers and allowed sales to hunters The effect of the request will be to cut off all sales to hunters and to reduce the amounts of ammunition available to farmers and ranchers Greek King Under Pressure Names Archbishop as Regent II U George of Greece Saturday proclaimed Arch bishop Damaskmos regent of Greece calling upon him to restorTor der m the warring country i ramie or rule until ihe Greek people have democratic opportunity to decide whether they wish the kins to re turn The regency proclamation was interpreted In competent quarters as a sort of half abdication George issued M with great re luctance and under the pressure of the fall weight of the British government Bysigning it the king placed in extreme jeopardy his chance of ever returning to Greece as sov ereign since it was regarded as a foregone conclusion that the left ist EAM forces will do everything they can to keep the people from calling him back The king wrote the proclama tionto be broadcast to the world at 9 pm 4 p m CWT Premier George Papandreou was expected to resign soon after the archbishop is sworn in as re gent thus clearing the way for the formation of a new govern ment Athens said Damaskinos was expected to be sworn in Sun day and revealed he was suffer ing from an undisclosed ailment which confined him to his home and required a blood transfusion Saturday The EAM national liberation front parent body of the armed forces was demanding 40 to 50 per cent membership in the new government appointing a regent the Greek kine capitulated to a de mand by Prime Minister Winston Churchill on his return from Greece Earlier an Athens report said the king had messaged Premier George Papandreou his approval of the establishment of a regency and the appointment of Damaski nos Damaskinos became archbishop of Athens soon after the Germans occupied Greece Under him the church played its traditional role as the center of resistance to for eign suppression He defied the nazis many times and repeatedly protestsagainst lodged public their activity On one occasion he was re ported to have visited German authorities to protest against the execution of hostages He was said to have offered anotherlist of men ready to be shot in their stead On the list were the names of himself and other church leaders The king called on Churchill at his 10 Downing street residence Friday night shortly after the pnme minister had reporteS to his cabinet at a 90minute meet ing on his efforts to solve the Greek crisis The cabinet met within an hour after Churchills return from Athens Appointment of a regent per mits the immediate formation of a new Greek government includ ing representatives of the rebel lious leftwing ELAS The pres ent premier George Papandreou already has submitted his resig nation King Georges acceptance of the regency demand was expected to include the provision that the regent would act only until a plebiscite has been held to de termifie whether the Greek peo ple wish to continue as a mon archy In Athens British and Greek government forces in a new gloves off offensivecleared nearly a square mile of southeast Athens of ELAS troops Friday bringing nearly one half the Greek capital under their control British troops captured Ardittos hill after a brisk artillery bar rage then chased rebel units from an adjoining cemetery in a battle among the tombstones with rifles and tommy guns From the cemetery the British swerved southwest and were with in a couple of hundred yards of linking up with another British column moving in from the south A Greek mountain brigades at tack from the east bogged down at least temporarily against stub born resistance in the Kaisariani area and British artillery was called in to shell ELAS units en trenched in workingclass houses British paratroops cleared1 the PiraeusAthens road as far as the Omonoias square in northern AthensThe square itself was a ho mans land Mother 3 Children Die as Eire Sweeps Through Residence Philadelphia mother and her 3 children were burned fatal ly and 2 other persons were in jured when flames swept a 3story home in suburban Haverford early Saturday The dead Mr Grace Morrissey 46 Robert Morrissey Jr 15 James Momssey 13 and Mary Frances Morrissey U Robert Morrissey 46 a Phila delphia broker suffered head foot and hand bums shock and ex posure Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and somewhat colder Saturday night and Sunday with a few snow flurries Lowest Saturday night in Mason City Iowa Light drizzle changing to snow Saturday night Sunday snow flurries Colder Sunday and in northwest and extreme west portions Saturday night Shippers Forecast Northwest 10 above northeast IS southern half 20 Minnesota Cloudy with snow flurries Saturday night and Sunday Colder northwest and much colder northeast portion Saturday night Colder east and south portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday sleet Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 31 25 30 inch 20 inch 42 13 NAZIS MAY TRY BLOWS IN ITALY Allied Front Altered to Face Possible Move army front was altered Saturday against the possibility the enemy may at tempt to follow up the western of fensive with a drive aimed at un balancing the allied armies in Italy as the Germans renewed their attacks along the Serchio nver near the Ligurian coast The new attacks were on smaller scale Friday and head quarters described the situation in the area as fluid American troops which were forced to withdraw in the first days of the offensive held com manding positions on high ground south of Gallicano and were main taining active patrols Indications that the Germans intend to increase the scope of the assault were seen in in creased movements in the sector between the Serchio river and the sea Patrol activities increased on the 8th army front around Faenza Four miles west of the city a Ger man patrol crossed the Senior river and forced withdrawal of a British outpost which had been shelled previously Popularity of U S Troops in France Is Sent to New Heights Paris The American suc cess in turning back the German counterblow in Belgium has sent the popularity of American troops 111 France soaring to new heights The newspaper Combat told the Irertch to remember that the Americans had given France their lives as a Christmas present in warding off the German push In an editorial in the Paris Presje Philippe Banes said The sacrifices undergone by our allies have not only contrib uted to the forthcoming victory they have also given new mean ing and a supplementary richness to that long standing sentiment which makes us shout today Vive LAmerique Churchill Allies Should Find 1945 Year of Victory London Minister Churchill expressed the cautious hope Saturday that Germany will be finally beaten in 1945 In a New Years message to members of the Primrose league a conservative group of which he is grand master ho observed that the allies were entering upon a year that should bring us victory in Europe Before many months have passed he said the evil gang that has long dominated that un happy continent will be wiped out that end has beeji achieved there can be no return to our normal habits It wiH be tragic folly to pro long by any slackening in the last phase the agony that megalo maniac ambition has loosed the world Aircraft Plant Work for Jockeys aro The Chicago Douglas aircraft plant says it has work for many of whom Will be out of jobs next week be cause of the closing of race tracks The aircraft industry needs persons of small stature and light weight the company said in a telegram to Jockey Bobby Per mahe and other riders at the Tropical Park track in Coral Gables Fla The company said jockeys and other small persons can work on aircraft fuselages in small quar ters that larger people cannot enter Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Norwegians Report 30 Quislings Killed by Patriots in 6 Weeks London official Nor wegian source said Saturday that 30 quislings had been assassinated in Norway in the past 6 weeks He said patriots in the country had declared an open season on traitors and hardly a day passes without some quisling creature who has worked for the Germans being shot or liquidated The Norwegian government charged Saturday that the Ger mans were staging commando raids against defenseless villages which they had already evacuated along the coasts of northern Nor way Not content with evacuating the greater part of the population of north Norway and destroying most of their homes and mean of existence a government spokesman said the Germans are sending back raiding parties to finish off the work Goering Promises Germans Victory Is Still Around Corner London leaders In cluding longsilent Beichsmarshal Hermann Goering issued New Years proclamations through DITB Saturday promising war weary Germans that victory is still around the Goerings proclamation which was not delivered in person as serted It is our duty and our task in the coming year to carry war again into the enemys coun try He said the way will be hard but promised the Germans one thing is also we will achieve victory and with it peace under the leadership of Adoll Hitler RETIRED MINISTER DIES Glenwood Rev How ard Mintle 73 of Glenwood who had served pastorates in Ralston Adel Cambridge and Seymour Idwa died Friday in a Rochester Minn hospital He was a retiree minister of the United Brethren church TRAMPLED BY COW Sioux City t Waples 69 farmer near here diec Friday of injuries suffered 5 weeks ago when he was trampled by cow RUSSIANS LASH AHEAD AIM FOR AUSTRIAN LINE Battle Rages Along Streets of Budapest Against Trapped Nazis L o n d o n Russian troops plunged forward Saturday in new gains after lorcmg strong nazi defenses above he Danube and crossing the Hron river while to the south oloody fighting in the streets ot Budapest raged with increased fury In the Buda section of the tol tenng Hungarian capital Rus sian shock battalions were slaugh tering the trapped nazi garrison in handtohand fighting In Pest on the east bank of the Danube nazi and Hungarian de fenders fought desperately to stave off powerful Russian armor that already had penetrated the first of 3 inner defense rings Still other Russian units tight ened the death trap on German and Hungarian troops caught in thePilis hills north ot the city killing 2500 of them Friday aft er capturing 2200 the previous day The Russians crossed theSHron river one the last water Rur dles before the Bratislava plains leading to Vienna sped 2 miles beyond and captured Nana and Parkany near the Hrons conflu ence with the Danube Units of MarshalFeodoi Tol bukhins 3rd Ukraine army al ready have outflanked the point ol confluence of the 2 rivers west of the big Danube bendand were driving along the approaches to Komaron situated 53 miles southeast of Bratislava and 81 miles from Vienna The the Hron the Bratislava and 105 miles from Vienna Other sections 0f the samearmy arrayed along the east bank of the Hron to thenorth were only 64 miles from Brati slava In another important gain red army units drove within 9 miles southeast of Losonc Hungarian annexed defense poini m southern Slovakia 60 mile northeast o Budapest Leysen Urges All Out War Production Davenport the pall of gloom cast upon the nation on he eve of Christmas lifting as U 5 forces drive von Rundstedts urmored forces back Americas Mo 1 resolution for the new year must be war production as will make impossible another such threat declared Leysen managing editor of the Daily Times who returned Saturday from a 2 months stay in the Unit id Kingdom and France Americas bounty is fantastic measured by the standards pre vailing anywhere in Europe We can still sacrifice many of our comforts and enjoy a standard living undreamed abroad It is only as one travels about sharing in remote manner the rou tine of the soldier or the fjyer that he can evaluate the hard ships and sacrifices they have em braced The Red Cross is doing a grand job everywhere The greatest miracle of this war is the care which the wounded are receiv ing We havent failed them there but if they are to return to us soon it means more of everything that goes into the war effort Military figures aboard the ship which brought some 3000 Americans and Ccnadians home for Christmas were less disturbed by von Rundstedts breakthrough which they expected to be re paired than the engrossment of America m its postwar planning and its squabbles on the home front1 2 Mighty British Fleets Assembled to Make Pacific Attacks London mighty Brit ish fleets with greatly increased carrier strength are being as sembled by the royal navy to help the Americans overpower the Japanese in the Pacific in 1945 il was announced Friday night An official approved review of the royal navys activities said Ad miral Sir Bruce Fraser comman der in chief of British naval forces in the Pacific is in full accord with the American strategy o using a large number of aircraft carriers Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy IOWA DRIVING Highways Layer of Ifce Des Moines Joiva high ways were coated with a thin lay er of ice Saturday and the state highway commission said driving was hazardous Hills and curves were being sanded in some sections and poor visibility due to overcast skies and mist added to the motoring hazards in others Virtually all sections of the state had light precipitation over night and the weather bureau forecast colder weather over the weekend with a few snow flur ries Sunday The lowest tempera lure early Saturday was 24 at Spencer and the high reading Friday was 37 at Council Bluffs The highway commission gave these reports on road conditions in various sections of the state at midmorning Central Light mist High ways icy Hills being sanded Northeast Roads normal near Cedar Falls icy and hazardous near Marshalltown slippery in other sections Northwest Skies overcast and visibility poor Roads slippery Light mist Light mist Thin coating of ice on all roads Hill and curves being sanded Light mist Road slippery GERMAN SALIENT SHRlNKSBIack areaa have been recaptured by allied forces attaching the salient thrust into Belgium and Luxembourg by the German counter offensive launched Dec 16 Western tip of German drive has been beaten back to Rochefort On the south Ameri can troops widened their corridor to Bastogne Salient is narrowed to width of 13 miles between Bastogne and Manhay Shaded line is battlefront if GERMANS LOSE 3RD OF SALIENT TO US ATTACK Escape Gap Reduced to 13 Miles or Less as Americans Push In BULLETIN With U S Forces In Belgium Germans have launched heavy new attack on the Bas offtie corridor throwing 3 divi ions into an attempt to close the aP Paris counter tttacks have narrowed the deep Jeiman Calient into Belgium down o 13 miles at one point and won aack almost onethird of the area n Belgium and Luxembourg over run in the nazi winter offensive The hammer blows of the U S bird and first armies up to Friday morning had surged back as much s 13 miles or more from the and 10 miles from the north The German bulge into Belgium lad been narrowed to a width av irafinE 20 miles A front dispatch said this salient iad been reduced to 13 miles wide above Baslogne by Thursday La er developments at this potential trap thrust into the heart ot the enemy salient were not disclosed under the news security screen Field reports earlier had re Jflited the German corridor nar to 13 miles above Bastogne but supreme headquarters an icunced this was the result of an erroneous measurement at an army group headquarters and hat the distance actually at that Lime had been 16 hazardous enough to the whole jerrnan The 16 mile neck had been be tween GrandmeniV on the north and Lonechamps nearlyt mUea above Bastogne HeSqnShBw added that this did not represent a neiv drive northfrom Bastome Jy Friday since Longchamps had tteen held at the north end edge of he original Bastognc pocket A front dispatch Thursday eve ning declared U S infantry and irmor hitting the waist oE the jerman salient have narrowed the distance between the north and south flanks to such an ex tent that our gun batteries now command all bul about a mile of he enemy sector between Man lay in the north and Bastogne in Ihe south The deepest German plunges westward reaching within 3 miles of the been back 12 miles and dough boys had fought into the outskirts of fiochefort The corridor to Bastogue had again been widened and strength ened with armored elements ap parently pouring in assault forces to drive northward The Germans up to Friday had been held without gains for al most 4 full days headquarters disclosed r M efmans Friday stUl Had a foothold along a mile or 2 of the riighway below Bastogne to Ar lon but that this in no way cut the relief corridor to Bastogne nor represented any comeback gains by the Germans The 4th armored division headquarters explained had driven its wedge to Bastogne slightly from the southwest up secondary roads parallel to the mam highway along the last few miles The Germans steadily were being cleared from the main road Flying weather improved and up to noon the 19th tactical air command alone reported damag ing or destroying 13 tanks 59 mo lor transports and 32 railway cars The U S 8th air force sent 1300 longrange heavy bombers battering at railroad yards and bridges in Germany for the 8th successive day and reported rail lines cut between the German rear areas and the Ardennes wedge The positional advantage of American artillery plus the al ready proved superiority of that arm in weight and accuracy was bound to restrict the areas in which von Rundstedt can build up forces for a new thrust The most acute question Satur day was whether the German commander was pulling bis armor out Admittedly he still had enough armored power poised for an other blow and 48 hours of con cealing haze and mist had given him opportunity to bring up sup plies and regroup his forces But there was no immediate in dication that von Rundsledt waa prepared to risk his armies against the force General Eisen hower had assembled A Berlin broadcast said the Americans had thrown 25 divi sions against the German drive Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy ;