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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPART WENT OF AND IKES I COMP VOL XLVIII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES Alt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS fVLL LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 30 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 69 ALLIES RUSHING AID TO PHILIPPINES U Airmen Wildly Cheered as They Reinforce Luzon Front HELP FROM AIR IS NO WIN LUZON FIGHTING AREA American Forces Fight Off Strong Japanese Artillery Infantry By FRANZ WEISBLATT United Press Staff Correspondent WITH U S ARMY ON NORTH LUZON FRONT deiense forces fought otl Japanese artillery and infantry at tack about 60 miles north of Manila Tuesday as United States army planes appeared over the north Luzon fighting front Appearance of the American planes suggesting that air re inforcements may have reached the Philippines was erected with cheers in the battle zone A communique issued by Major Gen Jonathan Wainwright said that fighting had been in progress all night and continued Tuesday in the Cabanatuan sector which lies due north of the capital Cabanatuan is the capital of Nueva Ecija province It is an im portant communications center Three main highways from the east and west coasts and from Manila join there and it is the end of a railroad line from the south The town is on the Pam panga river During the night of Dec 2930 the Japanese shelled Cabanatuan with medium artillery and on a onemile cpmiiiunique said 1 heldtliehj lines are contianine to attack with strong forces today on our right flank The communique said that the deiense forces in north Luzon had readjusted and shortened their lines No developments were re ported from the southeastern Lu zon front fThe communique did not make clear how the Japanese had reached the Cabanatuan sector which lies about 60 miles inland from their main landing point at Lingayen bay The defense lines apparently had been drawn back in line with an announcement Mon day indicating that the American strength was concentrated Pampanga province which ex tends about 40 miles north and west from Manila Arrival of the American army planes was one of the most dra matic incidents I have witnessed at the front I was driving through this cen tral sector where heavy fighting is in progress There were air raid warnings in effect in all of the towns through which I passed The people sought cover in one town as planes were sighted circling high overhead They came lower and lower and the towns people crouched in their inade quate shelters Then there was a great shout of joy On the win tips of the circling planes we saw not the red symbol of the rising sun but the insignia of the United States armyThe people ran into the street and the cheers rivaled the roar of the motors overhead These people have been hard pressed but their morale was good even when they believed that they were in for an enemy air attack After they recognized the Ameri can planes their spirits mounted tremendously War Correspondent Describes RETALIATION IS Treachery of Japanese Fifth nu Columnists at Pearl Harbor UKhtU UN JAPi BY MACARTHUR EDITORS NOTE Secretary of Navy Frank Knox in his re port on Pearl Harbor said the Japanese attack was aided by the most effective fifth column activity since Norway He offered no details but the following dispatch passed by army and navyoffi cials tells of Japans amazing espionage organization in the islands It ivas written by Wallace Carroll London bureau manager of the United Press who stopped at Honolulu shortly after the Pear attack on the last phase of a trip around the world Carroll a seasoned newspaperman with years of experience as a foreign correspondent spent days in Hawaii collecting the information presented in this dispatch interviewing persons from all sections of the population He came to the United States by way of the far cast after releasing a series of dispatches on the soviet dictingthat Moscow would survive the nazi at tracted wide attention in American newspapers By WALLACE CARROLL United Press Staff Correspondent Copyright by the United Tress NEW YORK fifth column and espionage network patiently organized over many years paved the way for Japans surprise blow at Pearl Harbor The full story of the fifth col umn which Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox described as the most effective since Noiway probably cannot be told until official in quiries have been completed But during my recent visit to Honolulu 1 learned 1 That bis arrows pointing to military objectives were re ported to have been cut in the sugar cane on plantations in the islands a few hours before the Japanese struck 2 That a Japanese who was arrested for allegedly operating a shortwave transmitter dur ing the Pearl Harbor attack was a businessman ivho for 29 years had been a frequent visitor at Schofield Barracks the U S army post dealers bad aiunncanny hnack of knowing about movements in and out of port of units oEthe American navy because they delivered their produce to the ships 4 That advertisements inno cent looking and accepted by newspapers in good faith may have contained code messages to the fifth columnists This is not intended as nn in dictment of all Japanese in Hono lulu On the whole they were in dustrious dependable and well behaved But enough of them were fifth columnists to make the attack successful Facts if presented to the American people now may help put them on the alert iu other potential areas of danger Here was the situation on the weekend of the attack Early Sunday morning the dawn patrol went out o ornin n its r egular sur Iowa City Man Gets Five Year Sentence WASHINGTON Iowa trict Judge J G Patterson sen tenced John Fesler 22 of Iowa City to not more than five years at the Anamosa reformatory Mon day after Fesler pleaded guilty to a charge of taking S62 from the Forrest Taylor home near River side Iowa WINNERS in FINAL WEEKS PICTOQUIZ CONTEST 1st Place Winner of Miss Gladys M Torney Osage Iowa Rt 2 2nd Place Winner of Mrs Claude Whitney 677 E State Mason City Iowa 3rd Place Winner or Clarence Rhutasel Chapin Iowa vey and reported nothing unusual was happening in the area cov ered by its flight Shortly after a sabotage the Japanese struck Bombs fell on hangars crowded vith planes Empty hangars were ignored The Japanese knew precisely when to attack and where their objectives were Some of Die Japanese aviators shot down were wearing the rings of Hon olulu high schools and Oregon State Some of the Japanese agents caught during or after the raid had been trusted fig ures in Honolulu for 20 years or more The stiipngth and importance of Ihe Japanese community on the Hawaiian islands has hitherto passed without notice on the American mainland The Japanese form the biggest racial group in the islands ac counting for 155000 of the tola population of 414000 and out numbering both the native Hawaiians and Americans of while stock Many of the Japanese resi dents arc America citizens with the right lo vote Politi cians in the islands could not afford to overlook or offend this important bloc of voters Partly for this reason Japanese of American nationality infiltrator into the police department anc obtained jobs as road supervisors sanitary inspectors or minor gov ernment officials Many went to work in the post office and telephone ideal posts for spies Some workec their way into the electric and gas companies and other public utili ties vital to defense and civilian needs As American citizens they were admitted to the territoria guard which was assigned lo pro tect key points in any emergency Even after evidence of treach ery had accumulated old Ameri can residents refused lo question the loyally of many of Ihcir JapancscA m e r i e a n friends Army and navy officers con tinued to keep Japanese servants in their homes The wife of one officer told me she still had two Japanese servants We havent the slightest doubt of their loyalty she said They lave been with us such a long they get along so well with the children if An American resident who had studied Japanese methods in Man churia and north China told me hat the Japanese fifth column and espionage organizations in the slands were similar to those which had been used lo undermine the hinese He said these organiza tions included 1 A general espionage and sabo tage network directed by the Japanese consul general at Honolulu clnded the roninVi sters recruited from the families of Ihe poorer farmers 2 Japanese army intelligence which directed a hos of spies chiefly proprietors of srnaj stores restaurants and cafes 3 Japanese naval intelligence which ran a much more exten sive organization Its agents in cluded fishermen and scamer who knew the Hawaiian seas and coasts hotel proprietors ane employes servants in private families important ol produce dealers who supplied fruits and vegetables to ships in Pearl Harbor am army posts Up to the time of the attack my informant said ship movements could be tracer through deliveries of these supplies They were or dered in the of a particula warship and dealers could judge the length of a prospective cruise or a stay in port by the supplies taken on board By piecing together the infor mation obtained from different Churchill Tide Has Turned dealers Japanese gence supposedly naval could intelli predict when the bulk of the battle fleet would be in Pearl Harbor Representative of foreign Bovcrnmcnts who investigated fifth column activities in Hono lulu anil other residents tr wliom I talked were convinced that a number of Japanese in the islands had been tipped in ad vance to be prepared for action on Dec 7 Whether or not this was true Japanese agents certainly swung quickly into action on the day of the attack Despite the fact that the dawn patrol which went up at 5 a m reported nothing abnormal Ameri can officers told me it was dis covered after the attack that huge swaths in the shape of arrows had been cut hi the sugar cane field pointing toward the objec tives sought by the Japanese air men This fifth column job would appear to have been accomplished between the time the dawn patrol returned and the attack which be gan just before 8 a m Japanese ham radio opera tors were caught apparently communicating with the aircraft carriers or planes Other Japa nese were seized photographing damage lo naval and military objectives Japanese ruck drivers I was told drove from side to side of the road from Honolulu to Hick am field to delay American pilots who were frantically trying to reach their planes This and other tricks showed an intimate knowledge of the habits of American army and navy of ficers It was of course well known that many officers went to par lies in Honolulu on Salnrday nighl and spent the night in own It also was known that warships in harbor opened their watertight doors for cleaning purposes early in the morning making tliem more vulnerable lo torpedo attack U S Genera at Head of Philippines Flays Bombings of Manila i WASHINGTON fP General Douglas MatArthur urged Tues day that retaliatory measures be aken against the Japanese for the bombings of Manila which ie characterized as completely violative of all the civilized pro cesses of international law An official war department communique said a survey of damage lo undefended Manila by the repeated senseless and savage bombing by Japanese indicates that churches and other centers of Christian wor ship and culture were deliber ately selected as special targets for enemy attacks The damage said the depart ment extended to the great ca thedral of the Immaculate Con ception the historic college of San Juan Lateran two convents a hospital and at least five other churches and three colleges sup ported by religious institutions message 19 the war department said enemy merci lessly bombed the open city of Manila using 63 bombers Damage has been severe anil includes all types of civilian in stallations such as churches the cathedral convents business and private dwellings It is notable that before Ma nila was declared an open city and before our anti aircraft defense evacuated therefrom he the enemy had abstained from at tempted bombing of anything in Manila except military installa tions present actions can only be deemed completely violative of all the civilized processes of interna tional law At the proper time bespeak due retaliatory meas ures The text of the wav depart ments communique number 35 outlining the situation as of a m Eastern Standard time I Philippine theater A survey of the damage done to undefended Manila by the re peated senseless and savage bombing by Japanese aircraft after it had been declared an open city has been practically com pleted This survey indicates that churches and other centers of Christian worship and culture were deliberately selected as spe cial targets for enemy attacks These edifices were of a distinc tive type of architecture and their character could not have been mistaken Before the brutal as saults were begun Japanese bombing planes low over the city obviously selecting the buildings which were subsequent ly bombed In many of the churches at tacked devout residents of Ma nila had gathered for sanctuary and solace within the hallowed cloisters Among the buildings destroyed were churches and shrines where many generations had worshipped for centuries The beautiful old church of Santo Domingo with its priceless art treasures and vener ated relics is now a heap of smoking ruins before which re lays of blackrobed priests are continually praying for their people The great cathedra of the Im maculate Conception was a special targetfor Japanese bombs It was sought out and attacked on three successive days The college of San Juan Lateran with its irre plicable library of original man uscript was likewise attacked Repeated attacks on successive days were made on Santa Rosa convent and Santa Catalina con vent The San Juan Dedios hos pital was also the object of vi cious attacks and three colleges supported by religious institu tions were either destroyed or damaged in the air raids Tells Canada j Free Peoples to Beat Axis BULLETIN OTTAWA Minis ter Winston Churchill said Tuesday in a snecch to the Canadian parliament that Now the tide has turned against the Huns OTTAWA Minister Winston Churchill Tuesday assert ed that Adolf Hitler and his gang will reap the whirlwind and that if anybody likes to play rough we can play rough too Tlie British prime minister addressing a special assembly uf the Canadian parliament pre mised the final extirpation of the Illltcr tyranny the Japanese frenzy and Mussolini Hop He asserted that the axis foes shall be hurled into the pit o death by the worldwide forces now arrayed against them In an address breathing confi dence in the allied war effort and paying tribute to the part played by Canada in strengthening Brit ains defense he declared that Hitler and his nazi sanjf have sown the wind Let them reap the whirlwind Neither the length of the struggle nor any form it may assume will make us weary He declared that the allied forces will not stoop to the treach Only 5 of 29 Japs in Iowa ForeignBorn WASHINGTOK of the 29 Japanese foreign born according to figures released by the census bureau here The 24 born in the United States or its territories are citi five Iowa are Some Chicken Same Neck f OTTAWA Min ister Winston Churchill said Tuesday that the French gen erals told Die fore the French in three weeks England would have her neck urungr like a chicken Some c h i c k e n Churchill added tartly Some neck crous uncivilized measures ol waging war introduced by the axis But he said with emphasis if anybody Jikes to play rough we can play rough too He declared that the end of the conflict would not be reached until these bandits have been purged of their crime There must be not a single mo ment of relaxation in the war ef fort he insisted The enemies ranged against us out for total war he said Let us make sure they get it Winston Churchill told parlia ment that we know you are re solved to do whatever more is possible to assure a victory ovei the axis powers Churchill said that it is ex tremely unlikely the war will be ended before the Canadian army comes to clnse quarters ivllli the Germans as the World war Canadian forces did at the Somme and Vimy Ridge A big crowd cheered Cluirchil as he arrived A guard of honor including armed forces stood out side the house of commons as Churchill walked up the steps and was greeted by Prime Minister W L Mackenzie King Churchill in spected the guard of honor before entering the big doorway with the prime minister f The British prime minister en tered the chamber through a smal door behind the speakers chair The speaker did not wear hi robes because the session was no a formal meeting of parliament The crowded chamber cheered as Churchill entered at p m with Mackenzie King who intvo duced the British prime minister I bring you the assurance of goodwill and affection from every one in the mother land We arc most grateful for all you have done ami we know you are resolved lo do whatever more is possible Churchill began at p m Canada occupies a unique posi tion in the British Empire Churchill said it binds togethe the new world and the old in th war struggle Contributions from Canada in ships in materials and financi have been magnificent he said The Canadian armed force stand in a key position to strik at the invader should he land upon our shores Churchill said In a few months when the in vasion season returns the Cana dian army may be engaged in on of the mostfrightful battles th world has ever seen On the oihe hand their presence will deter th enemy from attempting to fign such a battle on British soil1 Britains Prime Minister Winston Churchill left ar rived the Canadian Prime Minister L Mackenzie at OttawaOntario Later Churchill praised ganadas magnificent effort in the war in a speech Report rOOijerrrian Soldiers Executed For Mutiny in Paris NEW YORK British radio said Tuesday that 100 Cer nan soldiers have been executed for mutiny in Paris since Dec 1 and 50 have committed sutcidc The broadcast heard here by CBS said two German colonels a major and a junior officer of the Paris garrison were shot at Vi cennes a week ago The bodies of suicides Ihe radio are now rotting in the open in iVo 12 ditch of the cemetery IvrySurSeine IS NAMED COUNCILLOR BALTIMORE Md C H Workman of Iowa State col lege Ames Monday was elected a councillor of the Society of American Bacteriologists which is meeting here EDEN RETURNS HOME LONDON Secre tary Anthony Eden is expected back from Moscow momentarily sources said Tuesday official night Weather Report FORECAST MASON Tuesday and Tuesday night occasionally heavy Tuesday cold wave Tuesday night and Wednesday temperatures lowest Tuesday night about 5 above falling lo zero during Wednesday wind velocity 20 lo occasionally 30 miles an hour stockmen take precautions IOWA Snow Tuesday and Tues day night occasionally heavy Tuesday colder tiortlt and west Tuesday cold wave Tuesday night and Wednesday lowest temperature rangingfrom near zero extreme northwest to 20 to 24 extreme portion Tucsdaj night Wind increasing to 20 MPH to occasionally 30 MPH Cautionary advice to stockmen and other interests MINNESOTA Freezing drizzle and snow changing to snow Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night colder extreme northwest portion and cold wave else where lowest temperature rang ing from 0 to 5 below northwest to 10 to 15 above southeast por tion Tuesday night Wind in creasing to 2030 MPH Caution ary advice to all interests IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 23 Minimum in Night 4 At 8 a m Tusday 23 Precipitation 11 Snowfall 2 inches YEAR AGO Maximum S3 Minimum 30 Precipitation trace Snowfall trace Union Pacific Will Drop Stewardesses So Girls Can Aid US OMAHA Union Pa cific railroatl announced Tuesday it will discontinue its nurse stewardess service Ian la as a ivar measure to release these lighly trained young women for more important duty President M Icffcrs said nearly 100 girls would be affected With the need for nurses to day so great he explained I am confident these fine upstand JAPS REPORTED 45 MILES FROM CITY OF MANILA Dutch Hear General Offensive Against Japs Coming Soon By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japans invasion armies were reported to have advanced within 45 airline miles of Manila Tues day as reports circulated in the Dutch East Indies that allied re inforcements were on their way to the Pacific and that a general of fensive against Japan could be ex pected soon The nese thrust toward the Pliilin pine capital came from the southeast in the Alimonan Mautin sector and that the invaders had registered a gain of 15 or more miles Dispatches from the fighting 7ono said the Japanese had reached Luisiana and Doloies each about 45 miles by air from Manila The Japanese however took a 10 day margin on an earlier boast Dial ihey would11 capture Manila before Ncu Years1 In the north the iicir Ameri can line shortened and consoli dated was described as run ning cast and west through Zarajoza 120 miles above the capital It was apparent that American and Filipino tropps defending the northern approaches to Manila have now withdrawn completely from the Lingayen gulf area ing bad about 45 miles to new positions V Jf Manila reports said the invad ers were believed lo be landing veteran troops used in the siege and capture of Hongkong rein forcing young illtrained Japanese who began the assault on Luzon island Gen Douglas MatArthur com mandcriiichicf of U S armed forces in the far cast urged that Ihc United States retaliate against Japan for the recent bombing of Manila after it had been declared Anamosa Operation Cost Was DES MOINES audi tors figures showed Tuesday op eration costs at the mens refor matory at Anamosa were 3358283 in 1941 compared will 5358784 in 1940 The number of inmates av eraged 1112 in the 1311 fiscal year and 1133 the previous yeai said I bespeak due retaliatory measures A war department communique said a survey of damage to Ma nila by the repeated senseless and savage bombing by Japanese aircraft indicates that church es and other centers of Christian worship and culture were delib erately selected as special targets for attacks by the pagan Japanese invaders From the nearest point the in vaders still had more than 50 CHINA SEA CORREGIDOR The United States war department said Philippine de fense forces had been consolidated in Pampanga province indicating a new defense line midway between Manila and the Lingayen gulf where the Japanese black ar rows have driven inland Manila heard a report that the Japanese were falling back from Taytig white Japanese reinforcements were reported landing on the southern front Observers saw the possibility of a de fense stand in Batangas province 4 if need should arise ;