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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARION e R HIST Ufll in T or COUP DCS to OI M S It v HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKK ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 30 1940 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT Tins PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 69 ITALY T R LEADS UNDECLARED WAR Many London Buildings Burn After Fierce Raid LANDMARKS BY SCORES HIT BY NAZIS BOMBS Staff of Associated Press Moves When Building Is Destroyed BV THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The smashed black ened ruins of many buildings littered Londons ancient city the heart of the capital Monday after nazi bombs had rained down through the night in the fiercest 1irc raid of the war Scarcely a street in the busy business district stretching eastward from the Strand was unmarked by fire or undam aged by high explosives Scores ot landmarks were damaged or destroyed Among them were the Guildhall and the church of St Lawrence Jewry in the Chri Die the first few minutes afterthe air alarm sounded three bombs thudded on the roof of the Associated Press building at 20 Tudor street in the city near the Thames By morning the top lour iloors of the fivestory struc ture were burned away Although Hie staff was at work and part of it went to the root to battle tbe flames there were t no Injuries and imme diately in other quarters Greeks See British Mechanized Force Kesdenls lhe streets of a Greek city to look at a British mechanized column which passed throurh o bolster forces opposing the Italians in Albania rch of St Lawrence Jewry 1 T the Guildhall yard which Sir I nfYllCQnriO fYT tVQ71 I istopherVi en built and where lllUUodllUbUl 1N dZl 1 1 UUDo Whittington worshipped I i 1 T t Move to Bulgarian Borders Estimates Put 600000 for Possible Invasion of Greece or Turkey Not Enough Aid Going to BritishF R TEXT OX PAGE 2 WASHINGTON Roosevelt told the people of the United States Sunday night that they faced nn emergency com parable only to war and that thus far all efforts for defense and aidtoBritain were not enough The businessasusual idea would have to be abandoned he declared if those efforts were to he juccessful Speaking with great seriousness in a much awaited radio broadcast that went round the world chief executive linked the the na At that it was Royal Air Force night fighters who were credited with saving London from still bombers first and scattered flew over the city their incendiaries fcnses shot up craft barrage But their guns ceased firing as the glow of fires began to light the sky and tile roar of fighter planes was heard high in the air swooping in to smash and scat ter the German iormations While firemen and police bat tled the flames with dynamite and tons of water the RAF pa By The ASSOCIATED PRESS In southeast Europe Balkan nerves frayed Monday as thou sands of GJerman troops moved across Rumania right up to the h gateway to Greece to Turkey or to the Russiandominated Black sea Estimates of nazi troops in volved in the huge scale maneuver simultaneously leaped from the original 300000 to 600000 began mobilizing nev F R Pleased by Reaction in U S WASHINGTON dent Roosevelt is tremendous ly pleased by the response lo his proclamation of an emer gency as serious as war itself and his pledge of allout ma terial aid for Britain the white house said Monday Fresiden tial Secretary Stephen T EarJy said the chief executive was es pecially pleased because some republican as well as democratic leaders agreed with him He made no comment on the angry reaction to t h eviinsIdentttT speechbyspokesmen for the axis powers Leon Frost Mason city aviation enthusiast was only slighllv jr i p jured when his plane hit FOUnd in UUmD line as he preparing Lo lanrf AIRPLANE HITS WIRE CRASHES Mason Cityan Slightly as Plane Noses Over land near Eldora Sundayafternoon ground dei I0lsancis ol was rej I was flying across thc field at T i t Independence heavv ant air I poltcd to be effect to low altitude aim an I lal mobilization by Jan 15 Budapest dispatches said the action interpreted in some quarters as another move in Ger man preparations for war in the Balkans this winter with Hun gary possibly supporting the Ger man flank sgainst soviet Russia while Hitlers armies strike south toward Greece and Turkey fore landing I was familiar with the field however having landed there some time ago Unfortunately I did not know that the power line had been erected meanwhile and my plane wheels struck it while I was looking over the field The plane was not seriously Start Treasure Hunt lions future security with Brit ains ability to achieve victory The British people battlingihe axis he said were fighting an unholy alliance of power which seeks to dominate and enslave the human race Our ourn future security is greatly dependent on the out come of that fight Our ability to keep out of war is going to be affected by that outcome For us he said this is an emergency as serious as uar it self We must apply ourselves to our task with the same resolution the same sense of urgency the same spirit of patriotism and sac rifice ns we would show were we at war AH our present efforts are nol enoufrh he asserted at an other point We must have more ships more guns more of everything This can only be accomplished if we discard the notion of busi ness as usual This job cannot Jbe supcrlmpos int on the faciliiies the added mcnts for defense Mr Roosevelt coupled his for virtual wartime munitions Australasia 5050 RULE FOR AID TO BRITISH THOUGHTENDED Decision for Upward Revision Is Believed Indicated by F R WASHINGTON Roosevelts declaration that United States experts would determine how best to use the nations arma ment production to defend his hemisphere gave rise Monday to belief that an upward revision was contemplated in the present 5050 formula governing aid to Britain The decision as to how much shall be sent abroad and how much shall remain at home Mr Roosevelt said in his address Sun Hitler Keeps Nazi Reaction to Himself By LOUIS P LOCHVER BERLIN German reaction to President Roosevelts fireside talk Sunday night is Adolf Hitlers own persona secret and j until he chooses to break his si lence no even officials usually well pre dict what Germanys attitude will be it was indicated Monday This stand was evident to cor respondents attending the daily press conference Monday No sooner had the expected question about the Roosevelt talk been asked than a Wilhclmslrasse spokesman said emphatically un derscoring every word Ich habc Iceineriei stcllungiialime abzugc ben literally 1 have no an nouncement whatever to make of the position taken but Ihc wording also permits of the trans GAYDA TRACES QUICK CHANGES IN U S POLICY Circles Declare Axis Not Unduly Worried by American Actions ROME Virginio Gayda authoritative fascist writer wrote Monday in the Giornale D Italia that President Roosevelt as the result ot Sunday nights speech is the man leader of an undeclared war against the axis atic Japan side by side with England late statcment Those precm may not concerning make any Ihc reac concluded that day night must be made on the basis of our overall military nec essities Heretofore a rule of thumb1 i limited British aid to approxi mately 50 per cent of U S arms production and the in timation that this policy mislit he abandoned for a higher per centage was one point com manding congressional attention as legislators studied and com mented on the speech Those believing the 5050 for mula was due for discard cited another passage of the speech which they considered pertinent In this Mr Roosevelt said It is a matter of most vital concern to us that European and require should not gam the oceans which lead to this hemisphere x x x If Great Britain goes down the axis trolled the sky and gave them a Renewed Russian military acti chance to work unmolested by the high explosive bombs throvTi into a fire area usually Broad areas of London were hit but the raid centered on the city The government described the assault as a deliberate at tempt to bum out Britains hub of empire x Bythe time dawn lifted the blackout from the night of horror all the fires were con trolled and only charred girders I plosives tftnnlrincr nr VUIT viiy was also reported British warplanes countered the devastating attack on London by raiding unspecified targets iu Germany as well as again pound ing the nazi invasion ports and struck at Naples Italy Premier Mussolinis high com rnand reported seven persons killed and several wounded as the British bombers roared over Naples in two waves dropping j propaganda leaflets as well as ex smoking heaps of rubble anil bleak blackened walls marked what had necn scores of build offices stores and others T active in But the British mobilized I harassing fire their lirefighting reinforcements Monday and said they were ready for any German effort to devas tate all London as a prelude to an invasion attempt The defense forces were con fident they could repeat what ihey called a successful battle against Sunday nights conflagra tion even though a sudden intcnl Mfication of the aerial war vvasi forecast by some observers J Both Britain and Germany ex perls said probably will go all out in coming a i r assaults Neither side they pointed out has begun to use up ils aerial re sources and both now are produc ing far more planes than hey are losing i In the two weeks old siege of j Bardia Libya where 20000 Hal I fans still held out British general j headquarters reported fascist de fense guns were somewhat more damaged he said although the propeller was broken and Ihc fabric torn when it nosed over He was cut on the right eyelid and the right ear lobe but walked from the plane unassisted GREEKS POUND ALBANIAN LINE Only One Height Is Held by Fascists lo Protect Valona Port INDEPENDENCE liP Thc treasure fever is over here but three people have been left happy Floyd Klotzbach Jr found S520 in old walkint bills in a through tin can the city while clump and at firsl decided to have some fun with that stage money But his father discovered it was real whereupon dozens of young sters raided the city dump but to no avail Klotzbach a tavern operator notified Deputy Sheriff Herbert Buckingham and County Attorney Jack Cherney If there is no claim ant when they have advertised their find according to the law Klotzbach said the moneywill be divided three his wife Floyd Jr and himself Mexican Bullfighter Is Gored to Death production with the pledge of multiplying assistance for Britain and n stern arraignment of what ho defined as thc axis philosophy of government The axis he charged not merely admits but thc axis pro claims that there can be no ulti mate peace between their philo sophy of government and our phil osophy of government Tiie presidents talk with the to have com manded the largest radio audience ever to hear any similar pro nouncements of on 10 major points In effect they were before since James town and Plymouth Rock has our American civilization been in such danger as now accelerated munitions production imperative even at the sacrifice ot luxury goods and nonessentials steady flow of increasing aid would continue to Britain as j powers will control the conti cLilli ncnts of Europe Asia Africa and flic high a vital part of the U S defense J hat the president takes to program resnrrlless of threats i bosom all of those who want and they will be in a position to bring enormous military and nav al resources against this hemis phere Senator Austin R the acting minority leader said his impression was that the president kept his hands untied on the amount of defense production to be sent to Great Britain and had left the administration free to take any position which our mili tary necessities make obvious Senator Wheeler D Mont who will discuss Ihc chief ex ecutives address in a radio speech Monday night p m C S T NBC declared he was surprised hat the presi dent intimated that everyone disagrees with him might be a fifth columnist or might be doing the bidding of the dicta tors it seems to me that is be neath the dignity of the presi dent Wheeler asserted last Friday his the spokesman failed Iu state re action not only because lie had no instructions about it as yet but because a strict injunction had gone out from tile highest quar ters that no one in official ur semiofficial position may say anything for the present Later attempts to elicit a reply by tackling the question indirectly i or from varying angles met with the same apparently memorized German words Afternoon papers carried a brief summary of the Roosevelt speech omitting the presidents prediction that the axis powers will lose the war They devoted about the same amount of space to Senator Bur ton K Wheelers address lo the National Youth Antiwar con gress Britain Cheered by F R Viewpoint BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS President Roosevelts address on world hostilities was greeted Mon day wilh outspoken satisfaction in London I British oflicial circles hailed the i speech as further proof of the courage and realism of the United Stales attitude toward the European conflict and us one of the most powerful logical indict ments ever spoken against ag gression Tins leadership in unite tlareci war is confirmed by his personal policy which rapidly passed from a phase of neutral ity to that of uonbelliscrcncy and then to that of socalled short of war which is already a form of clandestine but sub stantial intervention Gayda wrote Political circles here said the Italian attitude was that the Ilal ianGerman axis strengthened by the tripartile pact Gormany j ItalyJapan is certainly not un I duly worried regarding positions j taken by any outside nation They said Italyis engaged in a j life and deatli struggle but is con fident ot victory nlong with Ger many The first part of Mr Roosevelts speech was inaudible on short wave radio sets because of bad at mospheric conditions Comment here was based mostly on the last half of the speech It was said that official comment would be withheld until the text of the Rome speech was received in reply to our continued EUGENE CRAIG KILLED IN CRASH ATHENS Greece j MEXICO CITV Car Skidding on Ice at St Paul Results in Mason Cilyans Death pounded furiously Monday at both ends of the Albanian battle Lin on Lake Ohrid in the north east and the Adriatic port of Va lona in the southwest Greek patrols were reported op erating only half a mile south of j Lin on the eastern tip of the Soddu line guarding north Al banis A dispalch from Mary Merlin Uniled Press correspon dent in thcsouth coast sector said Balderas Mexicos matador was gored by a bull Sunday afternoon and killed Balderas 30 had killed two bulls and was awarded the ear of ihe second for his excellent I performance But the third bull caught him on his horns and tossed him several times Emil Ludwig the biographer got his fill o lo cnl color in the fifth combat when the bull jumped the barrier and from dictators 4 Our national policy is not directed tmvari war Its sole purpose is to keep war away from our country and our peo ple by helpine make possible British victory Talk of plans for a present day American ex peditionary force is an un truth f 5 There would be no appease ment and no American efforts un der present circumstances to bring about a negotiated peace I Greeks captured new positions be charged bystanders and 6 British strength is gniw and shuns those who arc talking j of peace i Austin frequently a supporter j of sdministration foreign policies said the president had made clear it was for our own safety to give Britain all possible assistance troops Senator Unofficial Japanese sources in Tokio said they considered the presidents word as a commitment to further assistance to China These sources interpreted the speech further as indicating the United States is not disposed to ward conciliatory conversations when the new Japanese ambass ador Admiral Kichisaburo No mura arrives in Washington Some French official sources in Vichy described thc address as sensational others tended to minimize its significance with as sertions that thc president failed to presenl figures on United Stale1 defense production t prove that Americas bite equal her bark1 The press in neutral land which has been walking the tight rope of neutrality since the ars start carried full and direct Gayda first authoritative fas cist to comment in detail said Mr Roosevelts announcement of more intensified aid to Brit ain docs not come as a surprise The axis powers so far have lircn very tolerant hut there am limits to avis tolerance 3 American shipments which may attempt to force the line of coun terblockade under Hie American flag or cession lo the enemy nf German md Italian ships refuged in American ports would be in open violation of American neu trality They would mean open in tervention in war for which rn alibi could be created Gayda wrote Regarding the alleged axis menace against the United States and the western hemisphere fol loving an axis victory Roosevelt knows that this a grotesque fairy tale spread by Britain The axis war has welldefined boundaries in Europe and in Africa The war is being fought to free Europe of British domination just as the United Stales fought two wars of independence to frca their territory and seas of British dominion Gayda said the United States waomimiltiiiB a grave political emuin judging Europe many others look to their heels Britons expressed conviction that the nazis never woiiiJ be able to force withdrawal from London by an ordeal of fire The Associated PICES building low Logara pass and that only one height remained between the Greeks and Valona second largest i I Albanian port The Greeks still Eugene Craig JO son of Mr hact o Morm thc pass however and Mrs A W Craig 1148 first and thc Italians were said to have i street northeast was killed Sunreinforced it heavily and o have i day night at St Paul Minn when thc car in which lie was driving skidded on ice aand turned over three times Arnold Simpson 106 21st street southeast who was driving with Craig was not injured it has been ing I believe that the axis powers arc not going lo win this necessities set up strong gun positions and barbed wire entanglements A government spokesman said j Greeks had made considerable ad vances in the Mokra mountains around Lin but had not taken the reported was destroyed thc ancient Guild hall was damaged and St Pauls j cathedral was endangered bv I ounday night spreading flames Although thc by I l Hear sounded shortly before midnight the raid which started just after nightfall Sunday night caused more fires than any previous as sault on London town yet At Belgrade Jugoslavia thc The two men drove to St Paul I newspaper PolitiUas frontier cor I respondent reported that a Greek advance guard had entered Lin but had been thrown back halt a mile from the town and that the main Greek force was several miles back preparing a new at of th Crewe Simpson told police they had picked up a soldier at Farvnington to give him a ride to Fort Snell ing but the soldier disappeared and was not immediately located The Craig youth was employed at Cecil Boycrs Champlin station He is survived by his parents 0 Ks m i Ixirry and two sisters Jewell r Ann and Marylin Another sister Ram which swept over England i died three years ago as result of FORECAST IOWA Cloudy light rain Tuesday and Tuesday night and west p o rl i o n Monday night Wednesday cloudy no decided change in temperature MINNESOTA Cloudy light snow or rain Tuesday and Tues day night and west portion Monday night Wednesday clondy light rain or snow north liltle change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday 33 Minimum Sunday night I dictate the volume of future aid lo j aid to assertion some thought disapp presaged upward revision of thc did present 5050 formula facU nation expects our de shorl of sending Barkley D the majority leader told reporters that the talk was magnificent and clarifies more than anything else has the objectives of the American government and the American people Senator Ball I Alinn called the speech a very cunvincirR strong and logical argument or UoosevcH wants In believe in a British victory basin his be lief on documents furnished by Hritaiii although he is awarr that his aid arrived too late quotation but made no editorial I England can no longer win the comment Madrids only morning newspa per the Monday official bulletin j prominently displayed an account of the Roosevelt broadcast buln j i t r r war American aid would only be a certain loss and would not be pivcn without danffcr ultrafacist Tc summaiizcd Ml t h on the front page under 3 KO Chile prominently displayed smal hcildinc vcadii U Ii too reframed from comment vcrc su Lcadng newspapers m Sjantia speech Chile prominently displayed smal hlnc vcai e ro President Roosevelt s speech butj r Rooscvctt for aiding no official or press comment was KjRilmjother newVpapcrf con avauauic fincd vcpns f hc Bpcctll to in Informed circles at Ri ciro today believed that tack Lin the correspondent said I At S a m Monday from thc invasion strait after Londons water pressure began to fail at thc height ot thc lire fighting helped keep thc flames in i home was the cnccl from SI Paul Monday a severe scalding Funeral arrangements have not been marie The Patterson Funeral body was a nomansland thc Italians having withdrawn to strong posi tions outside the town Italian planes were said to have bombed Greek troops and supply columns heavilyall day Sunday Thc dispatch from Mary Merlin said the fate of Valona was ex pected to be decided in tiie battle i ranging alona a 2H mile front from 1 thc coasl to Klisura Know YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum in nielli Al S a m Sunday Precipitation Snowfall 31 Irace 21 9 Irace fense industries lo continue opera l i o n without interruption by strikes or lockouts wilh manage ment and worker adjusling any difference by voluntary or legal means forces arc already within our own gates seeking to foment dissension sometimes with the iimvitting help of American citizens redoubled defense ef fort see no governmental failure lo protect the economic wellbeing of all citizens The president spoke from thc quiet of ihc oval room at the white house Sarah where his mother D Roosevelt and Mrs PInRlnnd but idded he vas clro looa Believed that Prcs lointcd that Mr Roosevelt iidcnt Getulio Vargas will furnish nol give tiie public mOic 1 Brazil 5 official reaction U Prosi Jan side pages Prcs on it and did not comment on rnirpiescnproduio and what it should be Senator McCarran D Ncv opponent of some administration dent Roosevelts speech iu an dress thc Braxilian chief cxccviliv will make at i I Oimei l nwin c n lOWan IS in forces to 1 banquet of the M morrow There was I MbUll foieign policies remarked that immediate press or official had hoped Mr Roosevelt would j comment on thc speech although here be more explicit regarding the progress of national defense and as to what we vcrc doing to keep out o foreign wars Thc president McCarran added should have made a positive dec laration that thc United States would not become involved in foreign entanglements todays afternoon newspapers with Monday they had learned the exception or thc proaxis pa1 Raymond Brugcrc former Uui er Meio Dii displayed thc speech i vcrsity of Iowa French professor with banner is in a German prison camp I Previously it had been reported Brugcre lieutenant in the i IMC VVIININtrO ad bCC ki1Cd IS RENAMED CHAIRMAN WASHINGTON fed eral Home Loan bank Monday an nounced thc reappointmert of CharlesB Robbins Cedar Rapids as chairman of thc DCS Moincs other guests followed his address i Actually his audience was num Federal Home Loan bank i bcred in thc CStl 11 mate was that between 50000000 Portuguese and English carried his 21 and 80000000 persons heard himwords to South America The icxt in thc United States alone where and extensive summaries also Iri over 500 radio stations carried thc i went on the air waves lo Europe 2 i program Broadcasts in Spanish and the Orient THE WINNERS IN LAST WEEKS CHUCKLE CONTEST MRS H L ERICKSON 203 Clara St Clear Lake la MRS VIRGIL EVANS Ivl 3 Ciy In ANNA ORTHEL Brill Iowa No Comment by Wiilkie on Roosevelt Address HOBK HOUND tla Wendell Willkic listened to President Koocvelis speech but hud no comment to make It uis reported thai Willkic would discus Sunday nightspeech and Mr Hooevrlts message to con 2ic fin 6 soon after that dae in i naliomvidr radio address ;