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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1952, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited foe MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION I VOL L1X AuocUted and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 29 1952 This Paper Consists oi Two Ono NO a One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Why Do We Balk at Progress I couldnt think of a more timely topic for the New Years season than our sys tem of measuring time And by measuring time I mean breaking it down into seconds minutes hours days weeks months and years even into centuries In short I plan to visit with you about that useful article known as a calendar Once I had high hopes that by now wed be making use of a new calendar which by any and all tests than can be applied is su perior to the one currently inuse But now Ill be willing to settle for three years from now Jan 1 1956 when the first day of the year next falls on a Sunday You see I once had the notion that just because this new calen the World Calen so obviously better than the f one which has been employed since its inauguration by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 A D that the wprld under American lead ership would just automatically turn to it But now Ive wised up on the subject a little Ive been reading up on calendar history in my spare time And I realize that moving into a reforni such as this isnt something accomplished overnight and by the turn of the wrist A Job for Dictators This has been the case even in those earlier days in history when men inunbounded authority such as Julius Caesar or Pope Gregory put their influence behind a cal change Now of course dic tatorships are at low ebb and re forms have to be brought about under the ever so much more de liberate processes of democracy By taking a jaunt back over the path of history we make the in teresting discovery that the cal endar ofv today imperfect though it may be is the product of a greal many centuries of patient study and of Through most of the years of re corded history its to benoted the prime problem of timereckoning has been merely to make the years come out even Both the sun and the moon have been used as anchors in this process individ ually and in combination By pro cess of that trial and error Ive referred to the sun proved itself to be the more reliable The earliest known calendar was that of Egypt at a period more in advance of the Birth of Christ than the present day antedates that one most important event in recordet history Curiously enough the Egyptians had a solar calendar not too different from ours 5000 Years for Error to Grow But the Egyptian calendar hac one great shortcoming It calle for a year of exactly 365 days That meant an error of about a quarter of a day every year or a full day every four years Am there was no provision for a leap year When you consider that this calendar limped along for some 5000 years with priests andordinary people opposing every effort at correc tipn or improvement it has a tendency to make you more pa tierit with the current reform effor which actually got under way jus 118 years ago That was in 1834 When Julius Caesar took over in Rome he knew only the old Ro man calendarwhich like mos timetables of the world in tha day was based on the movement of the moon It had originally con tained 10 lunar months from Marcl to December but one of Juliu Caesars predecessors Numa Pom pilius in about 672 B C tossed in a couple of extra lunar months January and February He Took Some Liberties It was that old boy Numa Pom pilius who dreamed up the stun of inserting a few days here ani there or even an extra month s as to harmonize the lunar month with the cycle of the sun thu tying an essentially lunar calen dar to the seasons In 452 B C the Roman Su preme Court of 10 judges hence known as Decemvirs placed the months in the order they are known to us today Later a churcl body threw in a thirteenth month of 22 or 23 days called Mercedon ius Ttere wasnt any particula rhyme or reason to it All in all things were in a heck of a mes when Caesar happened along As a means of starting with wha he hoped would be a clean slate Caesar by ipyal proclamation pro duced a year containing 445 days That was to rectify the accumula tton of errors piled up under tha CONTINUED ON PACE 2 McCarthy to Search for School Reds WASHINGTON CflSen McCar hy KWis said Monday that one the first things he will do ih he new Congress will be to inves tigate the nations colleges in a earch for subversive influences It will be un leasant task he said observing hat he expects all hell to break oose and that there will be screaming of interference with icademic freedom Pressing Interest But McCarthy indicated he be ieves it is of pressing interest to oot out what he called Commu list thinkers from the nations olleges He said hed rather use hat expression than the bald word Communists McCarthy told interviewers for he weekly news magazine U S STews World Report that this vas the first time he had discussed his projected plan of going into he educational system The magazine published Monday a copyrighted account of its inter with McCarthy and other anking Republicans who will head major committees in the 83rdCon ress which opens its session Sat urday McCarthy will be chairman f the Committee on Government Operations and the permanent Sen te Investigating Committee Will CoOperate Rep Velde who will head he House Committee on UnAmer can Activities aiso expressed a lesire to weed any Communists rotn the nations colleges and all ields of education This has been largely left un ouched up until now Velde said And he added I realize of course that were joing to have a lot of opposition rom various educators particu arly from the left wing educators but I believe that it is a very fertile ield for investigation and that i should done1 Congressman Recommended UN Commies NEW YORK WVPresidentelect Eisenhower meets Tuesday with Sen Robert A Taft of Ohio and other GOP Senate leaders to dis cuss the new administrations leg islative program including the question of whether to continue wageprice controls Eisenhowers press secretary James C Hagerty announced Monday that Eisenhower and the Senate leaders will get together at a luncheon conference at the gen erals Commodore Hotel head quarters Senate Rules In reply to questions Hagerty said he had no information regard ng a published report the senators All About The Weather Mason City Partly cloudy through Tuesday A little warmer Mon daynight Iowa Partly cloudy and a little warmer Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy Minnesota Partly cloudy and not so cold Monday night Tuesday mostly cloudy with light snow GlobeGazette weather data up to am Monday Maximum Minimum 7 At 8 am is YEAR AGO Maximum 28 Minimum 9 Ike Schedules Meeting With Taft plan to seek Eisenhowers views on the issue of changing Senate rules to make it easier to limit Senate debate Hagerty said that matter is not on the agenda and he suggested that newsmen ask the senators in Washington whether they plan to take the initiative in bringing up the debate limitation matter In Washington Republican Sen ate leaders let it be known they will discuss the whole subject of filibusters and civil rights legisla tion with Eisenhower In Clarksburg W Va Taft said the discussion with Eisenhower Tuesday probably will include pricewage controls and last weeks announcement by Premier Stalin he is favorably disposed to confer with Eisenhower Taft said he did not know all the probable topics of discussion adding The general will bring up the subjects we will discuss Other Conferees Besides Taft who is slated to be majority leader of thenew Repub lican controlled Senale Eisen hower will meet with Sens Styles Bridges of New Hampshire who will be president pro temporc of the new Senate Eugene D Millikin of Colorado chairman of the conference of all GOP senators Leverctt Salton stall of Massachusetts who was assistant minority leader in the last Congress and Milton Young of North Dakota a member of the Senate Republican policy commit tee Eisenhower met on Dec 18 with House Republican leaders for a discussion of the incoming admin istrations legislative program The generals headquarters said at that time that the conference with the House group and Tuesdays session with the Senate leaders would deal with several vital for eign and domestic issues includ ing the question of whether to con tinue wageprice controls MRS ELIZABETH MATERN Woman Dies Leaves 172 Descendants Elizabeth Mat era 89 mother of 1G children 14 ofwhom are living died at her farm home south of Wesley Sun day morning after several months illness She leaves 172 descendjintsj including 61 grandchildren 89 great grandchildren and eight great great grandchildren Funeral services will be held Tuesday at 9am at StJosephs Catholic Church the Rev Fr L N Klein officiating Burial in the church cemetery Mrs Ma tern was the widow of Michael Matern who died in 1927 She had lived on the farm where she died since 1898 Surviving children are Mrs Anna Kunz Des Moines Mrs Emma Sherman Fort Dodge Mrs Martha Sherman Des Moines Mrs Zita Studer Wesley Joe Matern Panora Julius and Adam Matern Wesley Mrs Hat tie Primising Melvin Mrs Stella Vogel Ann Arbor Mich Ben Matern Thornton Frank Matern CheyenneWyo and Venerable Sr M Hertpla Snyder Neb NANCY OAKES AND for their wedding Monday night in are Nancy Oakeg and Baron Ernst Lyssgard van Hoyingen Huene shown in Nancys Nassau home Guests for the wedding have ar rived from the U S Europe and Mexico New Record for Traffic Fatalities 581 Die Over Holiday Period By UNITED PRESS Traffic deaths during the four day Christmas holiday soared to an alltime record for any holiday period since the advent of the auto mobile a final count showed Mon day From G pm Christmas Eye to midnight Sunday night Americans were killed on streets and high ways at the rate of one every minutes The final United Press tabulation showed 581 killed in traffic seven in plane crashes 79 in fires and 97 Iowa Fatalities By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowas Christmas holiday death toll for theperiod since Wednes day crept up to 11 over the week end as three more persons died two in traffic accidents and one in a hunting mishap in miscellaneous accidents for a total of 7G4 The traffic total was nine short of the National Safety Councils ad vancc estimate of 590 The old record of 555 auto deaths was set last Christmas Theover all accidental death record also set last Christmas is 856 Although motorists wrote a bloody new page into the record books this year other types of ac cidents were below record propor tions It was not likely that the overall record would be surpassed The National Safety Council an ticipating the crush of holiday travel had predicted that 590 per sons would be killed on the high ways and streets this Christmas Ned H Dearborn president of the safety council said he believed that traffic deaths would not ex ceed the 590 prediction and had hopes that der that Texas led all the states with 57 traffic deaths and was the scene of Sundays two worst highway tra gedies Near Hawley Tex three persons were killed in a spectacu lar collision involving five auto mobiles and a crude oil truck Four persons were killed when a train smashed into their car near Arlington Two flying fox hunters were killed Sunday when their light plane skimming low over trees crashed near Albert Lea Minn while the sons ofone victim looked on Generally good weather across the nation lured motorists on to the jammed highways and the death toll jumped alarmingly Sunday Many of the accident reports will not come in until later Mon day The last day of the holiday is always worst Dearborn said An Illinois state highway police man was killed when his siren wailing patrol car went out of con trol and swerved into a ditch near Kankakee 111 The patrolman Glen Gagnon 28 had been chasing a traffic offender A fellow officer was injured in the accident it might even fall un SAME CBUck fUC raffle tat Zl Judge Rules Injunction Is Constitutional BUFFALO NY Wl Federal luclge John Knight Monday de clared constitutional the injunction jrovision the TaftHartley Labor Act His decision came as he granted he government an 80day injunc ion under the act restraining workers from continuing a strike at the Dunkirk plant of the Amur can Locomotive Co The action contested by the CIO Jnited Steelworkers Union was he first direct court lest of the TartHartley Acts constitutionality The government had sought an njunction to keep the supply oi iickclplatcd pipe vital to atomic energy work flowing from the Dunkirk plant Knight ordered the workers to stay on their jobs until March 2 Knight said the strike could noi continue because it affected the health and security of the tion AP Wireplibld SWEA CITYAN BAGS Lt Harold E Fisch er Jr of Swea City a Saber jet pilot with 51stFighter In terceptor Wing in Korea has shot down two Red MIGs and damaged another His latest kill was on Dec 22 Joint Committees Ask Unions to Throw Out Commies WASHINGTON Senate committee backed up by a House committee Monday in coupling a plea to unions to toss out any Communist leaders with a call for tougher law against subveisives in organized labor The Senate internal security subCommittee headed by Sen McCarran DNev sued its report to the Senate on a 4day hearing at SaltLake City last October into leader ship of the International Union of Mine Mill and Smelter Workers Statement In a statement from its head quarters the union accused Mc Carran of acting on behalf of big mine operators in a campaign to behead and dismember this union The union ndw unaffiliated was expelled by the CIO in 1950 on the ground that it followed the Communist party line The report exhort ed the 100000member union to rid itself of its present leader ship and called for a federal law to T Bar Communists from hold ing office in or being employed by any labor organization 2 Permit employers to fire work ers who belong to organizations designated by the attorney general as subversive Dies in Committee McCarran introduced such a bill in the last Congress but it died in a judiciary subcommiUee The McCarran subcommittee re port follows the final yearend re port to Congressreleased Saturday night by the House Committee on UnAmerican Activities The House committee denounced communism in some trade unions as a national disgrace and rec ommended repeal of a TaftHartley law requirement that union officials must file nonCommunist affidav its This provision of the law after a start as intended by its authors is now working to the benefit of members of the Communist party engaged in the field of labor the House committee said Boy Escapes When Car Strikes Train SPENCER 17yearold boy escaped injury Sunday when his car and a Milwaukee Railroad train collided a crossing in the out skirts of Spencer The car was badly mangled bu the driver Robert Hcin of Spencer was unhurt except for bruises Train Conductor William Collolon of Mason City said the car strucl the train at the rear of the firs Diesel engine unit SUPERINTENDENT DIES DES MOINES Goddard 76 former supcrinten dent of maiis at the Des Moincs postoffice died at a hospital her Sunday na Allies Smash Back Commie Ground Attack SEOUL Reds hurled their heaviest attack in two weeks against embattled Sniper Ridge Sunday night but the massed fire of dugin Allied infantrymendrove them back The crack of rifle and machine fire echoed across the frozen Kumhwa ridges on the Centra Front for five hoursin the frigit predawn darkness The Reds first attacked with twc platoons then built up to compan s t r e n g t 200 men Th Chinesetlost an estimated 42 men in their abortive assault on a spu of Sniper Ridge known as Rockv Point Only brief and isolated fight wfere reported elsewhere along thi front An officer on the western fron said the Chinese sharply increasec their artillery fire on that sector late Monday They have been un usually quiet on the Western Fron for several days Cloudy skies and snow squalls grounded most Allied warplanes A few US F8G Sabre jets patrolled MIG Alley deep in North Korea The Air Force said they failed to flush any red warplanes Marine and Republic of Korea ROK fighterbombers d a r t e c through lowhanging clouds in aft ernoon strikes against the Rec front lines The ROK pilots re ported 35 Communist soldiers killed or wounded A raid by Allied air craft Sunday blasted a sprawling troop center near the North Ko rean capital Pyongyang Sabre jets flying protective cover des troycd two Communist MIG15s probably destroyed a third anc damaged a fourth Juror Says Probe Is Hampered Wont Reveal Mans Name WASHINGTON New York cderal grand juror testified Mon day that four or five United Nations employes suspected of Communist leanings had been to the UN by member of Congress Joseph A Cahil the juror also said the jury felt there was a conspiracy by a subversive clique hat had been putting people in important places in the State De partment for over 20 years No Names Cahil declined however to name he lawmaker who he said probi ably was an unwitting tool in con piracy I would give his name in a minute if I thought he did it iri entionally Cahil said He enjoys a very good repu alion and for me to say anything as far afield as saying whether he s in the Senate or the House I lesitate to do Cahil bolstered the testimony of another witness Charles J Har sany assistant foreman of the Red itinting jury to the effect that the state and Justice Departments lampered the jurys investigation of subversives among American citizens employed by the UN They appeared before a House Judiciary Subcommittee investiga ting reports the Justice Depart ment interfered in the jurys in quiry Some Doubt Earlier Harsany said the FBI made investigations of UN per sonnel hut the jury had some doubt thafe State Department of ficials hatj relayed the reports to the UN He added that State and Justice Department officials labeled as confidential a list of State De partment officials who handled the FBI reports He said the jury was unsuccessful in efforts to get the names persons investigated or the names of Slate Department officials who handled the reports Harsanys jury disbanded Dec t with a recommendation that a new grand jury dig deeper into possible Communist infiltration of the UN staff He testified neither the State nor Justice Department seemed to ivant such a report filed He said Myles Lane U S attor ney for the Southern District of Mew Yock asked the jury to de lay its report when the jurors first discussed the idea of making a presentation last October Later Harsany said Lane told he jurorsif they made a finding which mentioned names they would subject themselves to Charges of libel Kerstetter Named Simpson President DES MOINES William E Kerstctlcr 39 of Hamline Uni versity St Paul Minn was chosen president of Simpson Col Icge Indianola at a meeting o the Board of Trustees here Moji day District Judge William P But ler of Mason City a member 0 the board of trustees attended the meeting Young Texan Crashes Plane in Successful Suicide Try SWEETWATER Tex wealthy young rancher sobbing over his airplane radio that everything is all messed ilp horrified ground observers for two hours with his suicide plans Sunday and then put his plane into a screaming death dive The victim William Cox 24 ignored the pleas of friends and of ficials watching helplessly from the ground and aimed his aircraft for the center of the gravel pit he had chosen as his suicide target Cox took off from Sweelwater Airport Sunday morning A few minutes later he radioed to the CAA control tower at Abilene Tex about 40 miles east of Sweelwater Im not going to land Im go ing to crash into the gravel pit He circled for more than four hours weeping into his radio trans mitter and resisting the frantic pleas of those on the ground As his gas ran low Cox crashed his 5place Cessna 170 headon from 400 feet into the Hillsdale gravel pit on the edge of Sweetwater Cox whose father operated a 10480acre ranch southeast of Mar athpn Tex owned a ranch himself near Sweetwater CAAofficials said ah investigation they planned would probably take about 10 days They planned to check into Coxs record as a pilot the condition of his plane and the reasons for his action Camera Damaged in Scuffle at Struck Newspaper ROCK ISLAND III The Rock Island Argus said a staff members camera was damaged Monday when he tried to photo graph a picket line set up at the Argus plant by striking AFL printers Some 125 members of the AFL International Typographical Union struck Dec 15 against the Argus the Moline Dispatch and the Dav enport la Times and Democrat TheArgus said five strikers at tempted to prevent the photo grapher Perry Mason from tak ing a picture of the picket line They blocked Masons view and the camera was damaged in an en suing scuffle the newspaper said Several other employes were shouldered and elbowed as they entered the plant the Argus said Preparing ior 30th ABlqst WASHINGTON UP Historys 30th atomic explosion apparently s being readied for the Las Vegas Proving Ground in Nevada Information from the West sug gests the possibility that a target city or battlefield is being built to test either a new Abomb model or an artillery or guided missile ivarhead Since the big test site was set ip in the desert some 75 miles rom Las Vegas in 1951 a score of atomic blasts haye rent the at nosphcrc there V ;