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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L1V Assodatw I Ufllted Press Full Leased wires Five CeoU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 29 1947 This Paper Consists ol Two One HOME EDITION U1J11I JJ 6 99 PUBLIC OFFICIALS MARKET One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor KGLO Mason City p m WLCX Crosse Sunday p m WITAD Quiney Tuesday p m WOI Ames Tuesday a m WSUI Iowa City Itjorsday p m All Doubt Removed as to Russian Aims IT isnt quite accurate to say that the recent conference of Big 4 ministers in London was en tirely barren of results Its true that no peace treaties grew out of the meeting and its true that the meeting adjourned without agreement on any of the issues which were supposed to be settled Likewise however its true that we learned the truth about Russias aims There can be no doubt about them on the part of any realistic person so long as the present gang holds sway in the kremlin rpHE thing made clear is that i Russia doesnt want peace in Germany or Austria She wants neither peace nor prosperity any where in the world not under communistic domination Her actions at the London con ference constituted conclusive evidence that she is seeking world domination through the only means known to her the promo tion of hunger and suffering throughout the world It is only under such conditions that the ideology known as com munism assumes a plausibility Humans turn to it as a drowning man clutches a straw NATURALLY Molotov opposed any plan looking to an eco nomic rehabilitation of Germany He wanted to loot western Ger many as eastern Germany has been ravaged by the Russian oc cupational forces The undermining of our Mar shall plan is off the same bolt ol goods An economic restoration of Europe along democratic lines just doesnt fit into the Moscow pattern And so we must recognize the situation for what it is By Rus sian insistence the world today has been divided into two parts with communism squared off against democracy in a fight to the finish IN this commentary Id like to visit with you about this contest What are our chances of vic tory What can we do as a nation anc as individuals to insure victory These are a couple of the ques tions Id like to consider with you AT the outset it might not be a bad idea to take a look at our adversary Failure to dp this ap pears to have been a principa mistake made by Champion Joe Lewis in advance of his fight with Jersey Joe Walcott The worlds population is slight ly in excess of 2 billion Roughly a quarter of these people are in the Russian orbit counting Rus sia her satellites in central Eur ope her following in western Europe and the communists o northern China This would seem to indicate a considerable predonderancc for our side on a strictly numerica basis IT must be remembered how ever that communism is some thing of a religion and that it followers are zealots With ni more than 1 communist out of persons in Russias neighboring states communism has been abli to take over the government com pletely We must therefore not be guilty of underestimating our op ponents strength By the sam token however it would be a mistake to ascribe to communism a strength which it does not pos sess FOR many months this contes between communism and de mocracy has been referred to a a cold war Moscow and Ameri ca have been jockeying for posi tions as they moved toward showdown Not long ago Walter Lippman one of the ablest observers of worlc affairs of our times returnee from Europe with the unqualifie report that communism had los this cold war Herbert Hoove voiced a like view Some of the facts they had i mind in arriving at such a con elusion were these TN no case where the people of country were given an hones chance to express their will hav they elected to turn to commun ism In France and in Italy in re cent weeks communist trouble makers have suffered a pronounce setback Their attempts to pro ducc industrial chaos have bee CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 TRUMAN PLANS APPROVAL FOR GOP PRICE BILL Assails Measure as Pitifully Inadequate to Deal With Peril Washington resident ruman promised to sign into law the republican antiinfla ion bill but he branded pitifully Inadequate to itas deal ith the grave peril confront ng the nations economy Several key republicans struck ack with angry words of their wu in defense of the voluntary eps which form the backbone of IB GOP measure Thus the high cost of living and ow to bring it down sizzled as IB major political issue to start ff the 1948 election year Mr Truman took the unusual ourse of issuing a Sunday state nent to announce his decision and o declare that if congress does ot give him better weapons to ight inflation the country may ace a serious depression Be left the actual signing until londay at an hour which the white house did not specify The measure becomes effective taune liately once it is signed The first official actionto carry ut its provisions appeared likely 0 be an order to distillers to hold heir grain consumption to 2500 100 bushels a month during the 1 weeks the bill revives Mr Tru mans wartime powers over vhisky making A 60day voluntary distilling program came to an end Christ mas eve with the government and major distillers at odds over a new conservation program The bill also extends the presi dents controls over exports and transportation and pro rides for voluntary food programs t does not give him the standby iricewage control and rationing lowers he asked for In his 10 loint program laid before the spe cial session Hence Mr Truman said he was cting reluctantly and with a sense of deep disappointment hat the congress has seen fit to ake such feeble steps toward the control of inflation Centering his fire on the bills provisions for voluntary agree ments in industry business and agriculture to share scarce mate rials without incurring the risk of antitrust prosecution the chief executive declared It is far too late in the fight against inflation to place our re iance upon voluntary action This bill fails to include the iey measures which are essential to an effective antiinflation pro gram Mr Truman asserted Rep Wolcott who sponsored the measure along with Senator Taft shot back that if living costs are not brought down the fault will be that of the president and not of congress Taft in Kansas City on a speak ing tour reserved comment but Senator BaU a fellow member of the senatehouse eco nomic committee headed by Taft said the presidents statement smells a bit of politics Predict Less Meat in 1948 for Americans Chicago American Meat Institute predicted Monday that in 1948 each American will have to be satisfied with 12 pounds less meat than he ate this year Per capita meat production however will be 5 pounds above the prewar average the institute said This year the average Amer ican ate 156 pounds of meat the largest per capita consumption in 38 years In a yearend statement John F Krey chairman of the meat institutes board of directors said that this years meat production totaled 23200000000 pounds He estimated next years pro duction at 21500000000 pounds Next year he said animals will be sent to market at lighter weights because of the need lor conserving grain There will be less finished beef for choice cuts of meat Krcy said Krey did not mention prices but he said that consumer pur chasing power for meat is expect ed to remain at a high level in 1948 Krey who is executive vice president and general manager of the Krey Packing company St Louis said that confusion con fronts the meat packing industry because of the threat of renewed rationing and price controls He warned against liquidation of livestock to save grain Even now when this country is engaged in a program to supply food for hungry people abroad livestock production does not re duce the food grain supply to any appreciable extent he said A distinction should be made between food grains such as wheat which provide human food and feed grains such as corn which provide feed for livestock1 Snow for Iowa Says Weatherman Des Moines will have some snow Monday night the weather bureau predicted Mon day The forecasting agency said storm gathering in western South Dakota would move into the state bringing light snow The states early morning low temperature was 13 at Spencer and Sundays high was 39 at Iowa City Thieves Are Robbed of Stolen Bill St Louis UR Three thieves said Monday they were robbed of their stolen bill Police said the trio admittec taking the grand John T Davis a fur niture dealer Before they coulc jet the bill changed to split the loot they said another crook held them up and took it from them The man with the bill still is at large Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and some what warmer Monday night Tuesday snow flurries and cold er Low 1520 High Tuesday 25 Iowa Cloudy and somewhat warmer central and east Mon day night with light snow north and west and light snow or freezing drizzle beginning south east portion Tuesday snow flur ries and becoming colder Low Monday night 2530 southeast and 1015 northwest Minnesota Light snow Monday night with considerable drift ing and blowing north and west portions Tuesday clearing west and light snow east portion Much colder northwest portion Monday night Colder all sec tions Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 21 Minimum 14 At 8 a m Monday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum 18 Minimum 3 GIoberGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 33 Minimum 11 At 8 a m Sunday 11 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 16 Exiled King of Italy Dies of Pneumonia Alexandria Egypt Emanuele III 78 the diminutive king whose 20 years of suber vience to Benito Mussolini led to the downfall of the House of Savoy and nearly brought about the ruin of Italy died in exile Sunday of pneumonia at his Alexandria villa Elena tall 74 year old wife of the former ruler was at his bed side when death came The former king was stricken with double pneumonia Wednes day while preparing to celebrate Christmas with his family A dispatch from Lisbon said that Umberto who succeeded his father as king for one month until the Italians threw out the monarchy planned to Alexandria leave Monday for Vittorio Emanuele esteemed by his people after World war I came under the domination of Mussolini in 1922 when the latter marched on Rome and the king summoned AP Wirqphoto DRIVER PINNED IN workers attempt to open door of truck cab in which Driver James F King 41 of Oklahoma City Okla was pinned for 40 minutes Sunday after the truck overturned when King swerved the vehicle to avoid hitting a car on the approach to a bridge near Peoria 111 King suffered minor bruises lim to form a cabinet At the time Marshal STORM BLOCKS ALASKA RESCUE 4 Known Survivors of Plane Wreck Marooned Nome Alaska Arctic blizzard with 40 mile winds that sent temperatures plunging to 30 degrees below zero blocked the rescue of 4 known survivors of a B29 who nave been marooned on desolate Mt Serpentine 100 miles north of here since Tuesday Air force officials said they would attempt to set up a base camp at the foot of Mt Serpen tine 4 miles from the wreckage and direct operations from there They hoped for a break in the storm so they could attempt an aerial rescue Monday but the brief Arctic any such attempt hazardous Aerial rescue attempts were called off Sunday night after a series of mishaps to both air and ground parties The worst acci dent occurred when a C47 tow plane and glider carrying dog sleds and troops were forced down 60 miles south of the crash scene An air force ski plane made a daring rescue of the ground glider and transport troops Paratroopers jumped to the aid of the possibly vivors of the crash Sunday They carried medical equipment tents and emergency rations One of the paratroopers was a doctor The weather was so bad that the parachute team was un able to radio how many survivors ivere found in the bombers twisted wreckage Iowa Education Board Hits State Hospital Building Plan Believes Plan Is Adverse to SUI Medical Education Des Moines of the Iowa hospital pro gram drawn up by the state hos pital advisory council was voiced at a public hearing Monday by the state board of education and by Dr Frnk Bean a member oil the board of the Methodist hos pital at Sioux City The board of education which has supervision over the Univer sity of Iowa hospitals declared in a statement read before the meet ing that the council program has certain gross limitations and cer tain adverse implications to medi cal education at the State Univer sity of Iowa The statement argued that the council had failed to m a k e a a proper evaluation of the dis tribution of hospital and medical services now being rendered by the university hospitals through out the state Dr Bean said the program as outlined by the council did not take fully into consideration the value of existing hospital facili ties especially those at the state persons including PRINCESS RETURNS wishbone she received from Buckingham Palace with Fraser Morris in New York 4 year old Julie Anne Alloro of Brooklyn will have a happy New she gets her wish The bone crossed the Atlantic twice once in a 17 pound turkey Julie had saved 450 pennies to buy as a wedding gift for Princess Elizabeth and the 2nd time with a thankyou from one of the royal brides ladiesinwaiting Margaret Pey man university About 120 members of local hospital boards gathered at the statehouse for a public discussion of the proposed statewide program which would be carried out under a priority system during the next 5 years The plan calls for a total ex penditure of about for additional hospital facilities in Iowa in the next 5 years The federal government will put up for every put up by the com munity in the construction pro gram Under the program outlined by the council and still awaiting fed eral approval the state was di vided into 60 hospital areas Cer tain areas were given priority ratings for first call on the avail able funds A large part of the public dis cussion related to explanation oi how the priority system would work out Although he expressed no out right opposition to the proposed pain George Laub Cresco at torney and a member of the board of trustees of the Cresco hospital expressed fear that the program was a step in the direction of so cialized medicine In reply to this statement Dr Walter Bierring state health de partment commissioner said tha he foresaw no interference with the private practice of medicine and that the federal support pro gram originated not with congress but with the American Hospita association f The position of e board of education was formulated at a meeting of the board held here Monday while the public hearing was in progress SAME White flac means no trallio deata IB pan M boon GREEK TROOPS LIFT RED SIEGE Relief Column Hurled Into Northern Fighting Athens Government sources announced Monday that a jrigade of reinforcing Greek roops had fought their way through guerrilla siege lines anc entered the hardpressed city of tonitsa near the Albanian fron ier The relief column was believed jo be 3 part of the forces which he government announced Sun day had been hurled into a new offensive to smash the guerrilla drive on Konitsa guerrillas goal apparently was to seize Konitsa as the capita of the new independent commun st government recently pro claimed by their leader Gen Markos Vifiades Reports from the front indi cated the relief column hac smashed through guerrilla lines astride the MonitsaKalpaki road at a point about 9 miles southwes of Konitsa and had moved up thf highway to the beleaguered city The new government offensivi coincided with promulgation of i government decree outlawing th communist party and its sympa thizers and providing heavy pen alties for violators The new anticommunist decree was issued by the coordinating is empowered tc enact legislation when parliamen is not in became ef fective immediately upon publi cation in the government Ga zette The law which was drafted by the ministry of justice outlawed not only the communist party it self but also the leftwing EAM coalition and all those sympa thizing with such organizations Military courts were empowered to try offenders and to impos sentences ranging from 20 year imprisonment to death adoslio was reported to have sked the king to give him a few egiments to smash the black shirt prising but was turned down be mse the king wanted to avoid loodshed During the ensuing years the foot 3 monarch signed a lonj eries of fascist decrees Mussolini laced before him The picture finally changed in uly 1943 when allied victories the Mediterranean theater lowed Italys true weakness and Emanuele played a major ole in unseating the dictator to horn he had played yesman for o many years When finally he found asylum vith the allies Vittorio Emanuele enounced Mussolini and Hitler The Italians remembered too eenly his previous loyalties lowever and called for his ab dication In 1944 when the allies took Rome the king surrendered bis power to Umberto as lieutenant leneral of the realm a move vhich made him king in name mly Public feeling remained hostile and in a final move to save the louse of Savoy Vittorio Emanuele m May 9 1946 signed a document f abdication in favor of Umberto and sailed with his wife to Alex indria The move was too late and a month later the Italians voted in a plebiscite for a republican form if government In Rome Prof Tullio Cavag naro former administrator of the royal private estates said that Vit orio Emanuele one of Europes wealthiest monarchs kept 000 worth of British bonds all dur ng the war It was believed the jonds would go to the new Italian republic Cold Debt Omaha Hoffmai walked down Omahas main street in a bathing suit Monday and thereby paid off a debt o honor Children giggled men smilet and women raised their eyebrows The 20yearold University p Omaha student wore brief satii bathing trunks He carried a sign Europe needs clothing I gav till it hurts It was the payoff on a bet Hoff man had made with Sam Max well of the University of Chieag and Warren Hudson of Iowa Stat college Maxwell and Hudso monitored the payoff stro from a slowmoving automobile Temperatures were in the hig 30s as a spell of unusually mil weather neared an end Hoffma shivered a little as he and hi friends shook hands and declare the debt paid Honor 82nd Airborne New York Univer sity of Nijmegen Holland will b rebuilt as a memorial to the 8C men of the 82nd airborne divisio who died there in Septembe 1944 it was announced here b Hugh Gibson former Unite States ambassador to Belgium Pictro UTAHGOVERNOR AND TRUMANS DOCTOR use Secretary Anderson Bares 3rd Report on Grain Market Traders Washington IP Brig Gen Wallace H Graham President Trumans personal physician and Gov H B Maw of Utah were among 99 public officials named by Secretary of Agriculture An derson Monday as speculating in grain last September The 99 included 80 federal gov ernment employes counting mili tary officers as federal employes The others work for state or local governments Graham issued a statement say ing his broker bought the grain for him without his knowledge and that when he learned of it he ordered it sold He said he had turned a very small saving over to his broker with instructions to handle his account as the broker thought best Neither he nor his family has any commodity holdings Gra ham said Graham said he ordered the wheat sold Oct 7 because of public discussion of grain rading That was 2 days after Truman in a radio Broadcast in connection with his ood conservation program said grain prices should not be sub ect to the greed ol speculators vho gamble on what may lie ahead in our commodity markets The cost of living in this country must not be a football to je kicked about by gamblers in grain Charles G Ross presidential press secretary said there would e no comment from the white louse itself Maw a democrat is now in the hirdj year of a 4year term as overnor of Utah In Salt Lake City Maw told reporters he had participated in market trading on and 00 for he past 20 years Maw added that such trading as perfectly legitimate and that thousands of businessmen the country traded in the VITTORIO EMANUELE HI Dies in Exile grain stocks and bonds markets Graham was reported to have leld 30000 bushels of wheat on the long side of the market and 20000 bushels on the short side on Sept 17 He also was reported to have sold 10000 bushels on Sept 19 Gov Maw was listed as having held 5000 bushels on the long side of the market on Sept 17 and to lave sold the same amount on Sept 18 Those on the long side of the market believe prices will go high er and accordingly buy grain for future delivery Those on the short side believe prices will go down They sell for future de livery hoping to gain by a price decline Mondays list of traders is the 3rd released by the department under congressional instructions growing out of charges by Harold E Stassen candidate for the re publican presidential nomination and others that government in siders have been profiting by speculation in commodities The agriculture department said 3 of its own employes were on the list released Monday The agriculture department em ployes include 3 Lee Zimmerman a soil surveyor of Lexington K Car He was reported to have bought 1000 bushels of wheat on Sept 19 Another was Donald J Smith farm labor supervisor of St Paul Minn He was listed as having bought 5000 bushels on Sept 19 The 3rd department employe was Ralph J Baker an employe at Lincoln Nebr He was listed as having bought 10000 bushels of wheat on Sept 19 and to have sold 5000 bushels on the following day Another government official listed was Harold B McDonald a clerk of the United States bureau of internal revenue at Washington The 2 lists of traders previously made public included only 1 per son who was identified by the de partment as a public official He is Edwin W Pauley assistant to the secretary of the army Pauley had told a congressional Prep Gridder Finds Snowman Too Tough Everett Mass 16year old member of the Everett higl school football squad doesnt think snowmen are very soft Bruce McLean Everett hig junior built the snowman an e lulu then decided to have a httle foot1 commmee of nis operations He ball practice Unaware that the snowman had become an iceman overnight he threw a hard block at it Instead of the snowman fallin IHMCdU Ot IUC auuwniait to the ground young McLean Jir said he went into the market while a private citizen and has taken steps to dispose of his holdings since accepting his government bone a fractured collar Iowa Clubwoman Dies Fairfieia Ellsworth Turney 75 prominent southern Iowa clubwoman died at her home here Sunday of a heart at tack She had returned from a Cedar Rapids hospital Saturday night She had lived in Fairfield for 25 years Most of the federal employes on Mondays list have jobs outside ol Washington Kcvenooer Nicked Atlanta Ga UR Marion H Allen U S internal revenue col lector who has taken in many thousands of dollars in liquor tax es forfeited of his own ings as bond for failure to appear in court oi charges of drunken ness ;