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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 28, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North iowqs Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home LOBE E T H E N E W S P A PER T H AT M A K I S A L L NORTH 1 O W A N S N E I G H 8 O S HOME EDITION VOL LX Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 28 1953 This Paper Consists of Two No 47 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Again Why Balk at Progress QFFHAND can you tell me what day of the week Christ mas will fall on next year This year it was on Friday Or can you tell me what day the Fourth of July will fall on next indeed what day it fell on this year just ending To make it downright embarrass ing Ill ask you to tell me on what day of the week you celebrated your last birthday Unless youve clone some special checking you probably dont know the answer to any of these ques tions And I hasten to assure you that the fault isnt yours The blame is on the outmoded calen dar we use Its been referred to as a grass hopper calendar for the reason that the days of the week and the dates of the month bear almost no logical relationship one with the other They skip around like a grasshop per Only because Ive been checking on the matter Im able to tell you that next year well be observing Christmas and New Years on a Saturday These two holidays are always just a week apart of course No Rhyme Nor Reason But this year both fell on Fri day while last year 1952 Thurs day was the day And that suggests that each year its jiist one day later It isnt however that simple for in 1951 Christmas and New Years both fell on a Tuesday Wednesday got skipped Why Leap year picked up the extra day in 1952 The Fourth of July this year was on a Saturday Next year it will be on a Sunday But I must leave it to you to figure out the day of the week for your own birthday These things I am fully aware are only minor irritants Its of no great consequence to you and me that Christmas and New Years hop about from day to day from year to year or thatwe must con sult the calendar each year to know what day our Birthdays will fall on But the lets us down relatively unimportant matters also proves deficient in matters that really do count Some of those deficiencies actually take money out of our pockets as I shall point out later in this little visit with you Its Accepted Elsewhere And what makes it the more frustrating is that a calendar which eliminates all of these short comings is ready and waiting for our use It has the blessing of about a scoreof other countries none of which we Americans would concede are as progressive and forwardlooking in most things as the United States The proposal for the adoption of that improved called The World been be fore the United Nations for sev eral years but the United States has played the role of chief ob structionist Weve been repre sented at least so far as this one area is concerned by men of little courage or little maybe both Ournext Congress could find no better way to implant itself in the everlasting gratitudeof the people peopleof the world no less than the people of this than to take action directing our UN spokesmen to work toward adoption of the World Calendar so that it can be made effective on Jan 1 1956 New Years Always on Sunday Under the World Calendar every year opens with a Sunday and 1956 happens to be the next year when New Years on our present calen dar falls on a Sunday The transi tion from Gregorian to World Cal endar therefore could be made with a minimum of adjustment What is there so wonderful about that new calendar Lets answer that one by setting it down along side our present calendar for com parison Our present calendar has un equal 93 92 and 92 days respectively while the other meaning the World Calendar has equal days for each one Business can make precise quarterly comparisons from year to year something that now has to be approximated Our present calendar has months of irregular and illogical length the World Calendar has a rhythmic pattern days Our present calendar has months varying from24 to 27 business days the World Calendar has 26 business days in every month Our present calendar as Ive al ready demonstrated has grasshop per two years in a row on the same CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Suggests Counter Measures ExRed Tells About Spy Groups in US WASHINGTON Igor Gouzenko whose testimony cracked a Soviet spy ring in Canada says he thinks there may be hundreds of Red agents operating in the United States And he recommended in a copyrighted interview with the magazine US News and World Report made public that the government make it worth while for some of them to quit and come out with their documents That is what Gouzenko himself did in 1945 He was then a code clerk in the Russian Embassy at HAPPY ABOUT WITHDRAWAL PLANSThese happy American soldiers In e clasp hands in possible quick return to homes and families after re ceiving news of President Eisenhowers announcement that two US divisions will be withdrawn fromKorea South Korean officials have protested the order French Hit Red Positions Indochina French fighters and bombers plastered the Communistled invaders of Laos Monday and French ground de fenders of the little Indqchniese kingdom hastily strengthened key bases The French were reported con centrating south of Vietmirihheld Thakhek on the Thailand border French reconnaissance units Amov ing north from their base of Seno reported they had been unable to make contact with the rebel forces who lunged across Laos last week cutting Indochina in two for the first time in the 7yearold war The French announced they had lost two companies of their own and North African troops in the Vietminh attack The scouting units reported however they were rounding up soldiers of former gar risons in the area who had fled into the jungle at the Vietminh advance IOWAN KILLED FORT LEONARD WOOD Mo W Dale R Brewer 24 of Cres cent Iowa in Pottawattamie County was killed Sunday in an auto accident on Missouri Highway 17 on the military reservation of Fort Leonard Wood Ottawa He smuggled out docu ments which led to the cracking qj an atomic espionage ring Assumed Names Since that time he and his wife and two children have living in Canada tinder and with government The Senate Internal Subcommittee is now arranging to interview Gouzenko in secret in a search for leads in its search for subversion in the US government Sen Jenner the com mittee chairman said in astate ment Saturday night that on the basis of testimony from Ismael Ege a former Red intelligence of ficer there probably are 25 Sov iet spy rings operating in the United States Gouzenko asked to estimate how many Soviet agents might be work ing in the United States now re plied Work in Rings I think it might run into hun dreds As some indication they spend several million dollars in telegrams alone Many of the agents he said work through rings perhaps with embassy contacts and others are agents resident who would work independently and have direct con tact with Moscow by radio END OF THE UlS Navy plane on flight from its home near Manila burns at Hong Kongs Kai Tek airfield followinga crash landing Of aboard the plane only three suffered minor injuries The plane was atotal loss Forest Fire Threatens Famous Observatory 13 Deaths in Iowa 522 Die on Highways 2 Killed Near Cresco By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation counted a toll of 715 accident deaths during its 1953 Christmas holiday weekend The final tabulation Mondaylisted 522 traffic victims 82 who died in fires and 111 victims of all other types of Allies Lodge Protest Over RedMurder Russians Shoot German Youth BERLIN The Western Allies sharply demanded Monday that the Russians punish three Red army soldierswho shot a 16yearold German boy and seriously wounded his mother Angry West Berliners denounced he shooting as murder The West Berlin Senate opened accidents Lives lost on the streets nd highways exceeded a preholi day estimate by the National Safe y Council The council had cal ulatedthat 510 fatalities would oc cur during the 78hour period be ween G am Thursday and mid night Sunday 13 in Iowa Iowas Christmas weekend was ended Monday with a record of 13 notor vehicle deaths on the states lighways Included in this total were two ts session silence r Wirephblo Russell Jarvis 29 is being held in Indianapolis after being charged withthe 117 robbery of the Bondurant bank near DesMoines arid the bank at Mitchellville la on Dec 18 He i had been charged previ ously with the robbery of the First National Bank at Cannon Falls Minn He was arrested by FBI agents Check faith Healer Who Reveals Ills DES MOINES of the Iowa State Health Department say they are investigating the case of a DCS Moines man whom they describe as a faith healer He is Martis C Scalf 45 self styled evangelist Scalf said that through prayer tie is able to learn the nature of the illness of an ailing person He said he receives the information rrom the Holy Spirit and relays it to the person involved Scolf has said he told about 600 persons in Iowa and other states they have polio and a much larger number that they have cancer Scalf reportedly has operated mostly in North Iowa He received a new Chevrolet from followers in and around the North Iowa towns of Thornton Belmond Klemme loodell and Garner The health department officials stressed that they are not con cerned with Scalfs religious views but are interested in determining whether he is practicing medicine since he is not a licensed physi cian All About The Weather Mason City Turning considerably colder Tuesday afternoon Iowa Scattered snow flurries and turning colder Tuesday Minnesota Cold wave spreading over entire state Tuesday GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 amMonday Maximum 39 Minimum 10 At 8am 13 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGp Maximum 35 Minirmirn 2 with one minute of Demand Indemnity In a note to Sergei A Dengin Soviet commandant the Unitet States British and French com mandants demanded both that the Soviets punish the attackers and that anindemnity be paid The victims of the latest Sovie attack were Joachin Wozniak anc his 40yearold mother Idawho was wounded in the hip Adalbert Wozniak was driving his wife and son home to Berlin Saturday night in his little deliver van along the superhighway from Western Germany after a Christ mas visit to West German friends Russian soldiers bpened fire on the car fatally wounding Joachim While theboy lay dying the Rus sians searched the car and his clothing One of the Communists unbuttoned his overcoat to take out the bullet which had passed through his chest The fathers frantic appeal that his son and wife be aided were ignored Open Eyes Acting West Berlin Mayor Dr Walter Conrad in a letter to Mrs Wozniak expressed hope that the would open the eyes of the West to the Soviet nature West Berlin anger was intensi fied because a West Berlin police man Herbert Bauer was killed in a similar incident last Christmas The superhighway passes through the Soviet Occupation Zone to Berlin which is an island in Red ruled territory 136 Cabins Burned in California 2000 Evacuated in Fires Path vomen who were killed in a col isiori of cars on sixteen miles southwest of Cresco late Sunday afternoon Two others were critically injured in the accident The dead are Mrs Emmai Stim on 86 and her daughter Mrs Mildred Carter 52 both of Elma Mrs employed in the county engineers office at Cresco Injured were Bruce Carter 18 son of Mrs Carter a student a owa StateCollege who was driv ing the car and Wayne Colburn 36 of Tripoli theonly occupant o the other car FracturedSkull Colburn suffered a fracture skull and Carter a crushed ches and a fractured leg Both arc i St Josephs Mercy Hospital at Cresco The bodies weretaken to Elma where funeral services were pend ing Injuries Kill Mrs Watson A twocar collision late Friday at an intersection six miles south last of Rockwell Sunday claimed its second victim whenMrs Rhoda A Watson 88 of Albridge Mo1 died of injuries suffered in the mishap Earlier August Ermer 56 of Dougherty had died in the acci dent The body of Mrs Watson will be taken to Bolivar Mo where fu neral services will be held Wed ESTES KEFAUVER Ike Offers to Brief Democrats AUGUSTA Ga UP President lisenhower seeking bipartisan un ty on foreign affairs and national efense will give Democratic con gressional leaders a preview of his State of the Union message Jan 5 Announcing this Monday at Eis enhowers vacation headquarters here Presidential Press Secretary James C Hagerty said leading Re publican legislators also will sit in at the Washingtonconference then days before Eisenhower de livers the mesage to Congress in person Before the Eisenhower announce jEent Estes Kefauver D Tcnn had suggested that the min Leaders Meet WASHINGTON W The Re publican and Democratic party leaders of the Senate arrive in Washington Monday for confer ences that may largely decide whether controversy or coop LOS whipped flames roaring out control crackled less than a from famed Mt Wilson Observa tory Monday after presumably de stroying 136 cabins and forcing more than 2000 persons from their homes The largescale evacuations were from residences in half a dozen communities along the foothills of the San Gabriel mountains some 12 miles east of here TV x Transmitter Menaced along with the inval uable observatory is the four mil lion dollar television transmitter area which adjoins it All but one of the Los Angeles area television transmitters are located atop of 5887foot Mt Wilson About 20 miles to the east an other forest fire burned out of con trol It also is in the San Gabriel mountains and has forced the evacuation of 300 persons The late season fires havecon SAME BIACK FLAG MEANS TRAFFIC DKATH IN PAST 21 HOUHS nesday Burial will be the Baron Creek Church Cemetery Memorial services for relatives in this area will be held Monday aft ernoon at Charles City The sons R R Watson of Shef field and Jesse H Watson of Nora Springs both superintendents of schools were still in the hospital Monday both reported improving Besides these two sons Mrs Watson is survived by three other sons EE Watson Kansas City Mo Harold A Watson Charles City and Donald W Watson Wich ita Kan Three daughters also survive They are Mrs C W Farmer Nashua Mrs George Murray Bolivar Mo and Mrs Merten Klaus Charles City eration predominates in the 1954 congressional session Aides said Senate Majority Leader Knowland RCalif and Sen Lyndon B Johnson of Texas the Democratic leader will hold conferences in advance of the congressional meeting date Jan 6 It is an election year session Voting in November on all 435 House seats and 35 of the 96 senatorships will determine party control of Congress Tension therefore is bound to be greater than in 1953 when Knowland and Johnson worked harmoniously on most legisla tion ority party seize the initiative in the coming session of Congress by offering a formal legislative pro gram of its own Eisenhower is working here on that message and two others which will go to the Capitol early next month He also is drafting a Jan 4 television and radio address on the administrations first year in office Earlier this month the President conferred for three days withRe publican leaders They held pre iminary discussions on the ad ministrations 1954 legislative pro gram Reduction of 10 Per Cent Americans Get Break This Week as Taxes Are Sliced t WASHINGTON 23year trend of steadily rising directand indirect federal taxation will end this will it merely be interrupted That question will re main unanswered for some time 50million person al income taxpayers will get a 10 per cent annual reduction after midnight Doc 31 Simultaneously the excessprofits taxon corpora tions will lapse Some 10million lower bracket taxpayers will be less fortunate They are mostly those whose net Income docs not make them liable to any payment to the Treasury or whose tax liability is only a few dollars They do pay Social Se curity taxes however and those rates are scheduled on Jan 1 to increase on employe and employer alike frpm IVi per cent to 2 per cent Tax relief for this latter group is not likely in 1954 unless Con gress does sometrimming among the excise and special taxes which arc levied on a loirig list of articles ranging from furs and jewelry to theater admissions Corporations may get another tax break June 30 1954 if all or part of a scheduled corporate income tax reduction is permitted to take effect It would reduce the regular corporate rate from 52 to 47 per cent The United States lax trend had been steadily down after World War I until the depression year of 1930 when Congress levied a series of excise taxes on a large variety of generally h a vie been continued and i n c r e a s e d through the years Income taxes began to go up in 1932 and continued through t he Roosevelt years Individuals paid a mere income tax in the boom time fiscal year 1929 sumed a total of more than 10000 acres of Umber and brush f Among those eyacuated from the Mt Wilson blaze were 40 bed patients from Pottenger Sanator ium and Clinic in Monrovia Chil dren at the north end of Sierra Madre also were removed from their homes as the flames crossed the city limits over brushcovered land j i PresumedLojfi US Forestry officials said cabins in big Santa Anita Canyon are presumed lost Intense heat from the flames prevented an in spection party from entering the canyon The Mt Wilson areafire started Sunday from undetermined origin Ashes fell as far away as down town Los Angeles and Hollywood Hollywood was more than 12 miles from the nearest ox the two fires The film capital was not endangered The fire fingers moved quickly up Mt Wilson and nearby peaks Fire and high winds destroyed the telephone and power lines in the Mt Baldy and San Antonio Can yon areas Roads were blocked and sightseers were told to stay out 600 to 1000 Men Between 600 and 1000men with more than 60 pieces of equipment manned the fire lines inthe tricky terrain Forestry officials and po lice ordered residents of Monrovia Canyon Hidden Canyon and the Gold Hill section of Monrovias outskirts Santa Anita Canyon and some houses in Arcadia to evac uate for safety This is one of the latest forest fires on record coming as South ern Californias severe drought continues Usually rainfall in No vember and early December dis pels the fire danger in these tim bered areas Strong Winds Meantime gusts exceeding 80 miles an hour uprooted trees broke windows whipped up dust storms which stopped traffic and caused othpr damage in Southern Califor nia Sunday night Road graders were required to clearsand from some highways At suburbanOntario Airport one gust of 88 mph was recorded The strong northeast winds wera abating Monday Nixons Father Is Off Critical List A Nixon father of the vice Presi dent no longer is listed as critical ly ill at St Josephs Hospital here He is recovering from a gastric hemorrhage On The Inside Big Last Quarter Lets Nip 17 Pint National Bank 254MMO National Lutheran Brotherhood Convene If ;