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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 28, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL tn MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pics and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents n Copy MASON CITY IQWA FRIDAY DECEMBER 28 1945 Russia Wins Voice in Control of Japs No Paper on New Years Because of the already pronounced and growing shortage of newsprint paper there will be no is sue of the GlobeGazette on New Years day aneousfy in the 3 capitals Thursdy CROVVD WAITS AT MINE MOUTH FOR WORD OF ENTOMBED MBNRelative and RESCUERS FIND 9 MINERS ALIVE Workers BringOut Men From Pit Trap BULLETIN PinevUle Ky of the miners trapped in a coal pit near here since Wednesday morning were brought out alive by rescue workers shortly after 2 p m CST Friday Fineville Ky ef forts in the Kentucky Straight Coal Co coal disaster took on the quality of desperation Friday but State Mine Inspector Harry Thomas said well not let up until bring those men out Thomas came out of the mine slope with a blackened face and streaming eyes to announce that his rescue crews were driving slowly ahead in an inferno of flame and smoke which grew worse at every yard gsiaed There were no senarate fires tunnel under the moun tain was being driven through glowing wreckage of smashed timbering and blisteringly hot slate The smoke was unending and found its way into smoke goggles of straining ventilationblowers at the surface The coal itself was on fire in many spots and itsflames in the vitiated air added to the misery the halfnaked men pulling at timbers and rockfalls fighting for every inch of progress toward the inner recesses of the mine Somewhere ahead were at least 31 men who came from their minetown homes the morning after Christmas and probably died in the single shattering instant of a gas explosion at a ra cen tral time Veteran miners said the entire crew probably had been wiped out in the blast Some of the wives and children had gone to their homes but many of them continued their cold vigil Mine officials said the rain was not hampering rescue work None of jt fcas seeped into the mine Thursday night one of the emer gency crews attempting to dig their way to the trapped men re ported they about 1200 feet away from the spot where an un explained explosion sealed the funnel and cut off its ventilating systemWednesday morning However shortly after midnight another crew was driven back by the outbreak of fire They esti mated that they were battling the blaze and choking smoke about 2500 feet away from the trapped men The 16 emergency crews work ing in groups of 20 on 5 hour shifts had gone more than 8000 feet into the sloping shaft Thursday 30 Iiours after the explosion 1 The necessity for a unified democratic and independent China under the national government now headed by Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek 2 The establishment of a pro visional government for longsuf fering Korea with prospect of complete independence for that nation in 5 years 3 Broadening the governments of Romania and Bulgaria and plans for concluding peace treaties with them along with Italy Hun gary and Finland Architects of these agreements were Secretary of State Byrnes Foreign Secretary Bevin of Brit ain and Foreign Commissar Molo tov of Russia They hammered them out in a conference in a sharp con trasf to1 the liSndoni meeting7 of foreign ministers last September Yet many vexing problems re mained unmen tioned Among them are the up rising in sovietoccupied northern Iran the issue of access to the Dardanelles straits Germanys western border and a common big 3 policy on the Franco govern ment of Spain Bevin told reporters In Moscow Thursday night the Iranfan issue had been discussed atlength but without final agreement He added however that the March 2 date for withdrawal of Russian and British troops from the little middle eastern country still stands The United States has promised to have its forces out by Jan 1 But for all the unsettled points B3Trnes enroute home by plane undoubtedly considers that the meeting called at his suggestion accomplished much Certainly it cleared the air in BritishAmerican relations with Russia and heightened chances for a successful first session of the united nations assembly in London next month Byrnes told newsmen before leaving Moscow that the confer ence had been very constructive in accomplishments and in restor ing cordial Whether Americans generally and congress in particular would accept that verdict remained to be seen Announcement of the 4OOCMvord communique found most senators and representatives away from Washington on a re cess which lasts until Jan 14 In disposing for the present of the touchy atomic energy ques tion Russia agreed to join this country and Britain in sponsoring a resolution in the united nations assembly which would establish a control commission responsible to the powerful 11meniber secur ity council The atomic commission would consist of representatives from the II nations holding council seats the U S Russia Britain France and China hold permanent ones and Canada which shares atomic energy secrets It would work to ward the exact goals outlined Nov 15 by President Truman and the prime ministers of Britain and Canada These include international ex change of basic scientific informa tion for peaceful ends control of atomic energy to insure its use for peaceful purposes only elim ination of atomic and other weap ons adaptable to mass destruction and safeguards against violations and evasions the control ref lations For control of Japan the big 3 foreign ministers agreed to estab lish a 4power U S Britain Russia China council in Tokyo and an 11nation far eastern Policy making commission in Washington to replace the pres ent 10member advisory commis sion Loose Bombs Cause Danger to Transport New York Henry D Thoreau a Liberty ship out of Naples Italy for Cape May N J messaged the navy here Friday that 5000 tons of bombs were breaking loose and if they give way entirely nothing can save us The navy said it was not a troop ship The Thoreau reported she was about 4ZO miles southwest of the Azores the navy said adding she had a normalcrew Ttfaboat 40 nien The message received by the navy at 7 a m said the bombs had been stowed in a tween decks hatch The bombs prob ably were some of those unused by American air forces in Italy and were being returned to an ammu nition depot in the United States the navy said H M Singleton operating man ager for the Luckenbach Steam ship Co Inc agent for the Thor eau said bombs would not be fused while loaded aboard ship Singleton said he preferred not to announce the name of the cap tain of the Thoreau because it might alarm his family unneces sarily A naval bomb disposal officer said it would be very unlikely for unfused bombs to explode but that they would burst if shock were great enough A navy public information officer said all bomb shipments were packed for safe transport PORTLANDDOCKS WITH 2 DEAD New York U S S Portland was scheduled to dock here Friday with more than 900 troops included 2 who were killed in a stormy Atlantic cross ing The war department an nounced 1 other soldier was miss ing and 22 had been injured It was not immediately known whether any members of the cruisers crew were casualties The navy department had a re port from the ship that topside installations had been consider ably damaged by the rough seas Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and mild Friday night and Satur day withr considerable fog Fri day night Lowest Friday night about 15 Iowa Mostly cloudy and mild Friday night and Saturday with rather widespread fog Friday night in south and east por tions Minnesota Mostly cloudy with light snow northwest Friday night and light snow and occa sional drizzle north and central portions Saturday No decided change in temperature IN MASONCITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 2i hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 20 Minimum 9 At 8 a m Friday 20 YEAR AGO i Maximum 20 1 Minimum u below FactFinding Hearings WOMAN DIES IN AUTO CRASH ON ICY PAVEMENT F E Buckman From Thornton Seriously Injured in Accident North Iowas first traffic death during Ihe 1945 Holiday season occurred Friday on an icy curve of highway 18 opposite the Mason City municipal airport F E Buckman Thornton pool hall and tavern operator lay ser iously injured in a Mason City hos pital following he accident and the riding with him and be lieved to be his wife was dead Buckmans identity uas estab lished by papers in his wallet ant the car was registered in the name of F E and Blanche Buckman The attending physician said that Buckmans condition was serious and admitted that he might not live He was scious more than two hours after the accident which happened shortly after noon Details of the accident supplied to the sheriffs office by Warren Dale Vasey 208 S 7th Ave Marshalltown driver of a truck into which the Buckman car crashed after it had spun about 3 times after clearing the SEAGOING Phar macist Mate Edith Cramp of Chester Pa goes the honor of beingthe first WAVE to serve 011 a U S warship She sailed aboard the assault transport Hendry which departed for ports in Ihe central Pacific from San Diejro harbor AP Wire Pholo K A engr Strike Picture At a Glance 386000 Workers Idle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Nations continuing labor disputes keep 386000 workers off jobs Major labor developments Motors withdraws from presidential faclrindmg hearing with challenge to inclusion of profit as factor m settling CIOUAW wage demand board announces healing will continue without company unm wiu union official reports union prepared and Xnt T ke over Pennsylvania and Central Greyhound lines to relieve transportation difficulties wage ne1easesStateS employes on strike nearly 2 merlins for Electric company agrees to meet Jan 2 with federal labor conciliators to discuss threatened strike in electrical industry joining Westinghouse Electric in efforts to effifcsettlement of wage dispute with CIO Electrical Workers settlement Russia Is Only Major Power Not in Bretton Woods Pact dav world bank Ru5san mark cast its shadow Fri ycrealed international stabilization fund and Was e Onl3 major owcr 16 nations SEEK JERUSALEM MYSTERY BLAST TRUMAN LANDS IN WASHINGTON what Russia woudo Gunfire and Bombs Kill 9 1 1 Are Hurt Jerusalem Brit 11 it all happened I jsh Tommies enforced a light cur hivp timo i j few in municipal and Jewish resi have time to turn his truck aside dential qllarlels of this uneasy city Friday while investigations began of bombings and gunfire before the car swung into his path The truck was going west and the car east at the time and the truck ended up in the ditch on the north side and the car on the south side of the road both almost at right anglesto the paying The impact came on the right side of the passenger car at the door where the woman was sit ting and her body lay on the pav ing 17 feet from where the car rested after the accident The body was taken to the Meyer fu neral home in Mason City Dr J H Marston Clear Lake who happened past administered first aid to Buckman and he was taken to Mason City in an ambu lance which Thursday night killed at least 9 persons and injured 11 Business was almost at a stand still Thousands of persons in the curfew area were confined to thefrhbmcYTrocaIteWiihVne com munications went out after 6 a m and some morning newspapers did not appear Early in the day truckloads of civilians were seen rumbling up to detention barriers for ques tioning in connection with the bombings which destroyed the criminal investigation depart ment headquarters THE WORLDS BEST Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Bring the boys home and Hehl inflation SURVIVOR WAITSA little terrier which was riding in tne Hack seat of the Buckman car was uninjured in the accident which claimed the life of its mistress and left its master seriously hurt It is shown in the front seat of the death car where it climbed after the accident Its mis tress had sat there when the car spun into the path of a truck crashed into the car at the door which is shown m the picture The picture was taken through a hole m the shattered windshield Lock photo K A engr Sacred Cow Carries President From Missouri BULLETIN Washington fPj The plane bearing President Truman back to Washington from Missouri landed at Washington at p m CST Friday Truman left for Washington at a m CST Friday in the Sacred Cow ending a 3day Christmas visit with family and friends at his IndependenceMo home The plane took off from the ice covered runways of the Fairfax airport to fly directly back to Washington A previously planned stop atSt Louis to pick up Re conversion Director and Kirs John W Snyder and their daughter Drusie was cancelled due to the weather conditions Accompanying thepresident on the return flight wire Mr and Mrs James Pendergast and their daughter The press plane took off for Washington at p m nearly 4 hours behind the presi Trumon on Radio Washington resident Trumans radio report to the na tion will be made between 9 and p m CST Thursday Jan 3 The white house made this an nouncement Friday and said the speech will be carried on all net works from the first floor oval room of the white house she might delay action pend ing some word whether this coun try would be receptive to a soviet loan application None of the of ficials would permit their names to be used In any event the Monday dead line is not allimportant The agreements provide that any na tion desiring to participate in the fund and bank after December 31 may do so if its application is s approved by fhe governing boards of the 2 agencies These boards remain to be set UP ne last action necessary to bring the agreements into actual operation Twentyeight of the 45 govern ments that drafted the pacts at Bretton Woods N H in July 1944 formally signed them at the state department late Thursdoy A 29th Czechoslovakia became a member Thursday night with Am bassador Vladimir Hurbans sig nature at his embassy Hurban did not attend the department cere mony because of illness If all 45 nations sign eventually the fund will have a capital of 38800000000 to be used in sta bilizing international currencies The bank will have assets of 39100000000 for loans to help wardamaged nations get back on their feet physically and economi cally The United States will furnish dent after being delayed by bad weather and engine trouble Some airliners were operating in and out of Kansas City on de layed schedules Airline companies repp r t e cl conditions elsewhere varied from normal to poor The president arrived at the airport at a m after what was termed a slippery 18 mile drive from Independence and vis ited briefly with reporters before boarding the plane 1 thought you boys had al ready left he remarked when the newsmen approached WE car Mrs Truman and Margaret did not ac company the president to the air port THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yonrs l this week Bring the boys home I and fight inflation l capital of the two 32750000000 for the fund and tor the bank Rus sias contribution would be 51200 000000 to each agency Besides this country the other big nation signers Thursday were Britain which will put up a total of S2600000000 China 51150 000000 and France S900000 000 STUOfRElEST TO DROP ACTIONS Remaining Eldora Cases May Be Erased DCS MoiHes state has made no final decision whether it will proceed with the prosecution of 4 remaining Eldora State Training school cases Attorney General John M Rankin indicated Friday Rankin received a letter from D W Dickinson Hardin county attorney recommending that charges against 4 former officials of the institution be dismissed Carl Klatt 33 former discip linary officer at the boys school was sentenced to 30 days in jail at Fort Dodge Dec 19 on a con viction of assault and battery The state had sought a second degree murder conviction in connection with the death of an inmate which set off a dining halt riot and a series of mass escapes re sulting in the resignation or dis massnl of a number o school of ficials and employes Scheduled for trial Feb 4 on a charge of assault with intent to inflict great bodily injury on an other inmate is Harold Nelson a former cottage manager Second degree murder charges against him were dismissed after the Klatt verdict Also awaiting trial are O S Von Krog former superin tendent Darrell T Brown assis tant superintendent and Harold JMartin dean of boys all on a charge of conspiracy UNION LEADER DIES Indianapolis lift Jack Gill 53 of Cleveland secretary of the international typographical union AFL died suddenly late Thursday night apparently of a heart at tack i WITHDRAWAL IS OVERHUNG PROFIT IN TALK Board Will Continue Hearings Regardless of Absence of GM Washington General Mo tors Corporation withdrew Friday from President Trumans fact finding proceedings in the GM automobile strike The factfindius hoard promptly announced it would continue its hearings resardless We have withdrawn perman ently and Im going back to New York Walter Gordon Merritt GM attorney told reporters General Motors withdrew be cause it challenged Ihe inclusion of Us profits as a factor in setlling the 30 per cent wage increase de mand of the CIOAuto Workers Union Merritt flatly announced GM had withdrawn from the hearing after first submitting a tenpage explanation of the companys pos ition on the fact finding proceed ings Chairman Lloyd D Garrison of the presidents factfinding panel immediately assorted that GMs withdrawal would not halt his boards investigation of the wage dispute between GM and the CIO Auto Workers union The corpora lions intention to withdraw if profits become in volved was announced by Walter Gordon Merritt company attor ney in a 10 paste statement lie presented this summary of GMs position at the reopening of the facdfindinff hearinsr which had been in recess over Christies Thechairman said HjeriacS finding board has no intention of receding from or modifying in any way its statement of Dec 21 in which it declared GMs ability to pay would be one factor to be con sidered After the recess Garrison said we will be prepared to proceed with the taking of evidence Asked whether this meant the board could proceed without Gen eral Motors Garrison replied with an emphatic certainly In outlining GMs belief that it has no choice but to from these proceedings if the board considered profits Merritt accused the UAW of infringing on management rights As Merritt finished his long statement Waller P Keuthcr UAW vice president vigorously accused him of deliberately mis stating the facts of the unions position because lie hopes to gain some propaganda advantage Merritt listed 4 reasons which he said supported the companys position They were 1 The company does not plead inability to pay in rejecting any wage recommendation based on I the customary tests applied to de termine what is a fair and equit able wage 2 Profits and prices for the fu ture involve forecasts and assump tions together with other variables as to cost upon which this fact finding board could not compe tently pass 3 The question of prices and profits involved in the union re quirement that wage increases not result in price increases must rest alone with OPA 4 Since the board has said It would hold profit information con fidential neither disputant would know what led to board findings on an ability to pay re sult not likely to promote confi j dcnce in the minds of the parties Merrill contended thai the issue in the case was broader than the issue of wastes between the com pany and the union and tras a broad attack on American Indus try and free enterprise In its decision on DEC 21 the GM factfinding board had ruled that 1 U would regard ability to pay as one factor in deciding the wage demand 2 That ability to pay would not be the only or controlling fac tor 3 The board would decide later on the basis of developments whether to call upon GM to submit books or records 4 The board would be governed by President Trumans wageprice policies 5 The board would ask the com pany for detailed information on factors or reduced takehome pay cost of living increase and any other grounds which may be urged as equitable reasons for aa ;