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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 28, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME P DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY Af0 ASCKIVFj UOINE3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION JgWWLL WWSS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 28 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS REDS CLOSING NEW TRAP ON NAZIS Desperate Measure by Japs to Reinforce Troops Meets Failure By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The United States navy an nounced Monday that the Japa nese were attempting to supply their hard pressed forces on Guadalcanal island by air but declared that supplies which the Japanese dropped by parachute were discovered on the ground and bombed and strafed by army airacobras On the same day Sunday Douglas dauntless divebombers and airacobra fighters bombed and strafed a Japanese camp northwest of Kokumbona on Guadalcanal the navy reported The use of parachutes was the first such desperate and in adequate measure to deliver supplies io Japanese forces on Guadalcanal thus far reported by the navy here and a spokes man said it was the first known attempt of that kind The Japanese on Guadalcanal have beenvirtually isolated since midNovember when American naval task forces smashed the enemys greatest effort to cap ture the island Since that time Japanese have all but halted Jheir aerial activity over the yomr effort of any Consequence to de liver aid by sea That was Inter cepted and turned back with heavy losses io the enemy Tassafaronga where the para chute cargoes were discovered is about ten miles west of the Amer ican airfield on Guadalcanaland Js one of the principal coastal points used by the Japanese in the past In moving in reinforcements and supplies The Kokumbona area is about eight miles west of the airfield and has also figured in navy dispatches since the Solo mons campaign was started last August It said that oil Saturday Lockheed lighlninp fighters attacked Japanese shore instal lations on Kiska Two of the longrange planes were lost but Ihe pilot of one was re ported rescued Also on Saturday dauntless divebombers attacked the Japan ese airfield at Munda on Nev Georgia Island the navy said It reported that a second Japan ese vessel had been sunk in an attack last Saturday near Wick ham island An earlier commun ique had reported only one sink ing and gave the date of the attack as Friday 33 Jap Airplanes Are Shot Down Alliedair power on the offen sive across the southwest Pacific Irom Burma to the Solomon lands was credited Monday with down 33 to 36 Japanese airplanes damaging at least four ships and bombing eight or more Japanese bases in weekend at IflCivS Outnumbered more than three to one 12 of the swift American Planes a force of 2a fighters and 15 bombers A communique from allied head qnarters in Australia said the VI iTfs shot down 15 13 fighters and two bombers None or the lightnings was lost and only one was listed as dam aged Allied medium bombers shot down three other Japanese fight ers m this section and antiair craft fire downed another Other allied bombers heavily damaged a 15000ton transport and set three cargo vessels afire at ianeous Rabaul New Britain Also attacked by allied planes were enemy warehouses at Ma oang and Finschafen near Vitiaz strait in northeastern New Guinea supply depots and roaa transport near Laivai in Timor the air arome at Cape Gloucester and r schooner in Jacquinot bay New Britain I Allied ground forces were said v lo have made gains c The Chinese air defense head gumlers at Humming said eight fft 21 Japanese bombers were j to Aid Guadalcanal by Chute YANKEE FLYERS BOMB SUPPLIES DROPPEDBYAIR Ration Book to Be Needed u D With Can Opener Starting Was Born on Life Raft Blind for 22 FORECAST VISIT in February Wickard Says Years Evitable Now Can See Jesse Roper Mohorovicic the spellbound young gentle man at the right made the Christmas of the men aboard 4 T1 Mght with a of and c gaiets The youngster was born on a life raft after the ship bearing his mother to America was torpedoed Twen tytour hours after his birth they were rescued by Jesse Koper hence the gentlemans name This is an official U S navy photo 33 Killed When Engine Hits shot down Sunday in a new raid oil Yunnan province Brig Gen Claire L Chennaults American flying dragon fighter pilots also were said to have downed seven and perhaps 10 of 18 Japanese planes which at tempted to attack an American air base Saturday afternoon American bombers attacked Japanese advanced bases in Yun nan province just across the Chi nese border from Burma and the RAF striking from India bombed a Japanese airdrome at Heho in central Burma Japanese planes raided Calcutta again Monday morning but dam age was described as slight The British there were fewer than 10 casualties The Tokio radio said allied planes bombed and machine gunned Bangkok capital of Thai land early Sunday morning 413 LOSE LIVES OVER HOLIDAY 255 Die in Traffic Accidents Despite War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS At least ilS persons met death by violence in during the Icnj he United Slates holiday weekend as the nation observed its second Christmas of the war Wartime duties and restrictions sharply reduced motor travel yet highway accidents slowly mounted until no fewer than 255 lives were lost in the fourday period begin ing Christmas eve and ending irly Monday The traffic death rate was far under last year however when 334 such deaths had been reported by dovn of Dec 26 Mishaps in homes fires shoot ings and oilier miscellaneous causes brought death this year to 158 persons Highest toll was reported n alifornia where 55 persons were killed 40 of them in traffic acci dents Next was Illinois with 37 Deaths by states included Iowa G traffic Z miscellaneous Minnesota a traffic 2 miEccl 119 Hurt as Troop Train Plows Into Wooden R R Cars ALMONTE Out three holiday passengers were killed and 119 injured many crit ically when the locomotive of a Canadian Pacific troop train plowed through the three wooden cars of a local train standing in the station here Sunday night of ficials of the railway said Monday T1 V Virtually all the dead and in jured ucrc in he three coaches which were taking aboard men women and children al Almonte on the run from Pembroke Onl lo Ollawa The troop train was only slightly damaged It was moving from the Petawawa military camp Throughout the night in the flickering light of a bonfire built from the wreckage of the smashed cars rescue workers toiled to re lease trapped passengers and re move the dead Scattered in the deep snow were reminders of the recent holiday festivities torn bundles In the brilliant color of Christmas wrap pings Soldiers aboard the troop train coming from Petawawa Ont quickly formed first aid and rescue squads and still were cominsr o he wreckage hours later for additional victims All doctors and ambulances in nearby districts were summoned and hospitals as tar away as Ot tawa prepared to receive the in jured Railway officials at Montreal reported 23 persons were killed and 114 injured all civilians Delayed by he crush of Christ mas travel the local due at p m did not arrive from Tem broke until after p m The train was just starting out IULU I b W i the three rear cars Officials no one aboard the troop trainwas injured GIRL TAKEN TO HOSPITAL HERE An unidentified girl was brought o a Mason City hospital Monday nngs man U was reported that she flagged him on a highway just outside the city and fainted shortly after she got in the car LONDON MA dis patch from Chungking Monday said Chinese forces had recap tured the village of Hsihui on the half way between Hankow and Kmkiang Kiukinng is about 130 airline miles southeast of Han kow FORMER IOWAX DIES LA MESA Cal Luke McKinncy 88 year old lea der in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows died Saturday He formerly lived at Liberty Center Iowa DAVENPORT 22 years Mrs Edna Avise former Mason City schcol teacher now staying at the home of M Heptonstall in Bettendorf has been totally blind Monday as a result of a recent operation she can see again Although Mrs Avisos sight lias not been completely restored she is able to read newspaper head lines and distinguish the features of people After a second opera tion she expects to fully recover her eyesight REPORT NO RUN ON FOODSTUFFS Grocers Observe No Rushes of Buying By UNITED PRESS The common sense and patriot ism of Americas food merchants and housewives combined Mon day to prevent a serious run on foodstuffs which will be rationed under the point system in Febru ary One of the few exceptions was at Washington where grocers re ported a serious run on canned goods Several stores were jammed a few minutes after opening with customers demand ing canned tomatoes fruits and peas but grocers limited pur chases to one or two cans of each item per customer A United Press survey covering all sections of the countryshowefl aticesfCITUS lies on canned goods For the most part the public and storekeepers were taking the announcement by Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard in stride Retail grocers reported that limits on canned goods purchases voluntarily imposed several weeks ago were sening to restrain buy ers from hoarding in some cases The great majority of reports were there was no unusual buying Monday morning during the first business hours after the govern ment announcement The government requirement that hoarded canned goods be de clared before a ration book is is sued also served as a deterrent to selfish buying Bravery of Fireman on Train Keeps Toll in Crash Down to 2 DIXON III The bravery of a fireman on the Chicago and North Western mail train which plowed through the rear coach of the San Francisco Challenger Saturday night was credited Mon IN WASHINGTON BY DE GAULLE General Expected to Show FR Plan of New French Government LONDON Gen Charles De GauJle probably will visit Wash ington soon to lay the blueprint of a new French government be fore President Roosevelt then pro ceed to north Africa to see Gen Henri Giraud successor to Ad miral Jean Darlan wellinformed quarters said Monday Foreign Secretary A n t h o n y Eden received General DC Gaulle Monday for an Intelview y The creation of a new French government centered probably at Algiers based on the repudi ation of the armistice with Ger many and Vichys dissolution of the French republic was said lo be among Ihe aims of the Fight inp French leader De Gaulle is described as very anxious to unite all diverse French elements and bring about a general mobilization of the fighting forces of north Africa and other parts of the French empire His plan coincides with the re port that Albert LeBrim presi dent of the republic until the armistice has escaped to Switzer land a report that has been de nied in Vichy however It is understood that a number of members of the chamber ot residing in no rt Africa might be re called to service Although the departure of DC Gaulle for Washington has not yet been scheduled reliable in formants said they believed that the program for conferences with President Roosevelt and olher American authorities al ready had been set and that the Fighting French leader might leave England soon The position of De Gaulle In the blueprint he will carry has not been discussed sources close the French leader 0 liullll was chiefly interested in iary post The main point Is lo to and unification under a singie lut HUL Iktlll Ul LI1C S I regime which the fighting forces arc the prospects for some of as well as the French people wili foods follow is the best way to achieve it said these sources The fusion of the French African forces the fighting French and other groups else where would he the burden of the coming conferences with Giraud IVVI 41KJ1I clay with preventing a possible Glraucl unanimously sc hcavier toll of dead and injured leclecl as hig commissioner and The crash killed two trainmen hiof mililalJ civilian author seriously injured a Ncro porter ltir m Nortl1 Africa by ihc im and injured 40 passengers perial council following the as The mail trains fireman Harrv B Bcisel 32 Mclrose Park Ill remained at his in Ihc engine cab immediately after the crash Io close the live steam valvns which threatened lo scald those e remaining in the wreckage He also closed a steam heating line that hampered rescue work Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Colder extreme east war mer north central and extreme west portions Monday Warmer west and central por tions Tuesday forenoon f JUJL oiaj Ujjy nuns iuesaav forenoon of the station when the troop train wienoon engine smashed into it wrecking MINNESOTA Not so cold Monday tne three rear mrc mom nnH onct iiiu iviunuiiy night and east and south portion Tuesday forenoon followed by slightly colder extreme north west portion Tuesday forenoon strong winds north and central Recapture SSS of Hsihui Monday lliEhL IN1 MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 21 Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday 8 river YEAR AGO Maximum g Minimum 2 Precipitation Trace The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 33 Min Saturday night IS At 8 a m Sunday 21 YEAR AGO Maximum 2S Minimum 15 Precipitation Trace per sassination of Admiral Joan Dm SM ssssrs North Africa some sources said Eqi of Limited Products Sought in New Action WASHINGTON will need a ration book with your can opener beginning in February In an extraordinary broadcast to the American people Food Ad ministrator Claude R Wickard outlined plans Sunday n i g li t to ration all canned dried and frozen fruits and vege tables and their juices includ ing soups as soon as the ma chinery can be set up The purpose as Wickard ex plained it is to insure an equi1VICKAKO table distribution on the home front while supplying the armed forces and OULfighting allics who together will need about 25 per cent of all lie food that we pro duce next year In a warning against hoarding the office of price administration emphasized that consumers must list stocks on hand when register ing for war ration book two the point rationing book which will be used for canned goods and later for meats and other com modities Stamps will be deducted ao cover the goods on hand before the ration book is issued f Heavy penalties said OPA are provided for any applicant who makes a false declaration of the amount of goods he has on hand Fresh fruits and vegetables and those preserved at home willnot Wickard declaring that nearly half of ncxt years production of canned and dried fruits and vege tables will be needed for military purposes said On the average 33 pounds of canned frozen or dried fruits and vegetables are expected to be available for each person in 1943 as compared with an average of about 46 pounds a year from 1337 to 1941 But that doesnt mean he said we will be poorly fed At that we meet t j lllilL U II1CLL But it was understood that he production goals and that military icndleaae needs stay in line with present estimates it looks as if we will have a civilian food cn arms back into the war supply about HS big as we had he last half of the Ts Here our DAIRY to 35 per cetit as much per capita for our civilian population in 1943 as was consumed in the 193539 pe riod to 105 per cent of the 193539 period to 160 per cent to 95 per cent POTATOES flr to 100 per cent FRESH CITRUS lo HO per cent FRESH to 95 per cent supplies Although his prestige is great they said some parts of liic French army arc still confined quarters under terms of the FrenchGerman armistice ALLIED PATROLS ROUT GERMANS U S Air Forces Pound at Axis in Tunisia ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa OP German de tachments have been routed by allied patrols along the Medjez clBab and Tcbourba road and shelled anci forced lo retire from a farm in the same area west of Tunis an allied communique re ported Monday Casualties were inflicted on the German detachment and several prisoncis were captured the com munique said Heavy rains which led roads a quagmire had stopped at last as these and other patrol actions en livened the front Rain or shine however Ameri can air forces continued to ham mer axis shipping docks and transport FIRE DAMAGES THEATER CHEROKEE of unde termined origin Sunday caused damage cstimaled at several thousand dollars to the American theater here While everyone will not get as much of every kind of food as he wants and while there may not be ns much pleasure in eating Wickard declared that there will be enough for an adequate anil healthy diet Rationing in this country he said does not mean substandard diets Speaking on the same program Elmer Davis director of war in formation ob served that some American food goes to the nllies and said that lo hear some people talk you would think that most of it is going io our allies That is not so he cl c clarcd What goes to our al lies is less than our own armed to DAVIS what goes to 11 rfl I forces and dont forget that n some extent this exchange of food works both ways Some British food and a great deal of Aus tralian food is supplied by the governments of those countries to our troops who are stationed there x x x The total sent to our allies is less than what is supplied to our own armed forces it is small com pared to what is left for us at home Prior to the broadcast Donald E Montgomery retiring con sumers counsel in the agricul ture department issued a state ment protesting against advance announcementof plans for food rationing He called for the rationing of all foods excent cereals and perish able fnnls mid vegetables but de clared that no previous announce ments should be made in order to tipping off trade specula tors pantry hoarders and pocket book patriots Wickard and Davis said advance announcement was necessary to give he public time to become fa miliar with the point rationin system which OPA explained as follows With a few minor exceptions such as individuals living in in stitutions every member of he civilian population from the new born infant to the oldest inhab itant will have exactly the same number of points to spend during each ration period These periods will be announced in advance Point values will be identical in every store in Ihe country and a housewife mny shop for the fam ily in any store she likes The new poinl currency for processed foods will be repre sented by the blue stamps in war ration book two which con tains both red and blue stamps There are a total of 06 blue stamps and a numeral on Ihe face of each shows its point value Each stamp also bears a letter of Ihe alphabet These let ters designate the ration period when stamps may be used V For example all blue stamps bearing the letters A and B or A through F or any other combina tion might be designated for use during a specific period Since each letter of the alphabet appears on stamps totaling 16 8 one 5 one 2 and one letters made valid in any one pe riod determine the number of points that may be spent to buy the rationed foods If only A and B stamps were validated only 32 points could be spent during the first ration period while if stamps marked A through F were des ignated the holder would have 9G points to spend There are three important facts to be remembered in this connec tion I The lota number of points that will be allotted to each civil inn has not yel been determined nor has the specific point value or any of the foods to be rationed Points will be set for cadi com nounccd You must pay for the rationed merchandise as usual in dollars and cents 1eCCW1U Usc P hc points faster PINCERS JAWS 45 MILES APART ON LOWER DON Russian Offensive Surges Ahead on All Four Major Fronts By JAMES M LONG Associated Tress War Editor The red army was reported Monday swiftly drawing shut a second and still larger circle of entrapment around the nazis in the salient to Stalingrad threat ening uncounted new German lor ces with the Cate ot the 22 di visions already declared hemmed in and doomed The jaws of the new trap were said to be only 45 miles apart northeast or Tsimlyansk on the lower Don midway Rostov and Stalingrad between As Ihe Russian comeback of fensive surged ahead in the bit ler cold on all four major fronts on Hitlers eastern Hank the correlated allied sweep across north Africa pressed to within 180 miles of Tripoli where Marshal Rommels retreating columns were reported stream ing on into Tunisia for a last stand In every phase of fighting on land and in the air from the Rus sian front lo north Africa the al lies were keeping o the attack and the axis battled for time on the defensive The continued British advance upon Tripoli was announced in a Cairo communique which said our troops were in con tact witli the enemy in the Wadi Bei El Chebir area 40 miles of Sirlc Trialrepresented a UirustoT al most half the distance to Tripoli from El Agheila since Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys British eighth army overran that Libyan defense line two weeks ago From both sides allied bomb ers battered the axisheld ports of Tunisia in hard weekend blows Flying fortresses pounded Bizcrte and Sfax Only two of Die bijr bombers were and two ships at Sfax were reported sunk The Cairo communique announced raids Saturday nifht on Tunis and Sousse On the mudclogged Tunisian land front Gen Henri Honorc Gi rauds French north African I VMIII renc nor frican modity according to Us supply at troops were proving their worth in the time the ration period is an the allied balUeline They announced an important aiitj announced an important 2 Possession of points merely advance south of entitles you to buy your share some 30 miles south of Tunis where they hold the southern flank of the allied line with Americans in the center and Bril rr 1LI1U1 III UK 3 The housewife has complete ish to the north freedom of choice She can spend her points any way she wishes al though of course the items that ulUuB1 snucning ucrman de are scarce will have a higher point fenscs to positions roughly 35 This was one o two French for ces reported to have thrust through stiffening German do the Gulf of Hammamet Top arrow shows extent of soviet middle Don offensive winch is knifing deeper into the rich Ukraine Center ar rows indicate the Stalingrad offensive In the Caucasus the reds pushed toward Nalchik against stiffened naxi defenses ;