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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa V f A DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINES A SAVE AM 1 Am Ammunition For HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL Prcsi and United fan Full Loud Five Cents Cony One Mans Opinion A Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MUM CUj Snrfv It5 f MUMO m KSCJ CHr m m WSLl Cilr WOI Amu Trl The Spiritual Front in This War OUR PRESIDENT has called on Americans to make the first day of the new year a day of prayer for strength and guidance for the problems of widening war fare and for the responsibilities of increasing victory Theres a sug gestion which should have the fullest support and blessing Its a matter that transcends petty partisanship Its an allAmeriean idea and so far as is humanly possible it should be translated into an alMvorld idea This old world stands In need of nothing quite so much as a session of good oldfashioned pray er We need the humility which is symbolized by bending the knee in prayer If there had been an acceptance of the true Godof the universe there would have been no war Trouble began for Ger many and for the world when its people turned to a false god and began deifying little men like Hit ler So it was with Japan and with Italy In many of these past weekly commentaries Ive dwelled on the necessity lor an association of na tions for the preservation of the worlds future peace More than a few have written me to say that the only hope of an enduring peace lies in an acceptance by the world of the tenets of Christianity In replying to those who have offered this suggestion Ive freely con ceded that an acceptance of the tenets of Christianity WOULD banish Avar from the face of the earth for all time Butthis is an ideal which can not be achieved other than by miracle within the lifetime of these of us now living Universal accep tance of Christianity something to be attained by slow evolution ary process Though the world has been exposed to it ahnnt More Beachheads Won on New Britain Island NEW FRONT IS SET UP AGAINST JAPANESE BASE Christian friction of the Thats a fact that must guide our thinking about the fu ture if were to be realistic and practicalminded Clearly there is going to be an interim perhaps an extended in terim during which the bulk of the world will not be accepting the tenets of Christianity To assume that it had when so obviously i hadnt would be to live in a fools paradise a course freighted wit mischief and harm My own the ory has been and is that the day when peace will be in the hearts ot all mankind will be hastenec and made the more certain if ii the meantime the nations of the world employ such human devices as they can evolve to promote peace and justice I HASTEN however to add tha its my studied opinion that in the days and years ahead there i going to be a neiy emphasis on religion Let me cite 2 or 3 bits of supporting evidence for thi point of view First in the current issue of thi Iowa Legionnaire not a religiou publication by any means is thi little excerpt in an editorial ask ing for fullhearted observance o Jan 1 as a nationwide day o prayer The more we bend ou knees before God the less likely we are to have to bend them un der a dictators lash Wecanno win without God on our side Second there is before me as prepare this commentary a liUl mimeographed brochure titled J Service of Thanksgiving It wa written by a Davenport profes sional friend of mine who ha giveri the subject a great deal o thought and worked out a most in t cresting plan of action He pre fersnottobe personally identi fied with the plan Ishall respec his wish as to this In what fol lows however I shall be drawin rather heavily on the brochure i question day the awful armed con flict in Europe will end and som later daj in the Pacific theater o war God grant it may be soon The service of Thanksgiving is plan for church services follow First the peace in Europ and second following the capitu lation of Japan The writerwill never forge Nov 11 1918 It was a day and a night of bedlam Crowds Mrad edthe streets noise and confnsio were everywhere many peo Pie and this included many who were not in the habit of so doing it was a drinking orgy I do not recall the day wit pleasure It was properly a day t celebrate but to me the celebra tion of Nov 11 1918 was lackin in something As 1 look back th shortcoming was in tlic spiritua significance of the day What character of celebration will we have when the carnage the slaughter is over in Europe and when peace again comes to a rage 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 27IMS One U S Ship Lost 3 Damaged 7 Yankee Planes Are Destroyed By ROBERT EUVSON Advanced Allied Headquarters New Guinea If United States marines swarmed ashore in 2 si multaneous landings at Cape Glou ester on the western tip of New Britain Sunday to establish a 2nd nvasion front on Japans island tronghold in the southwest Pa ific Within Z hours of both landings by veterans of Ihe Guadalcanal jpaijfn General Douslas Mac Arthurs headquarters announced londay both beachheads were irmly established without the loss of a man A heavy aerial and navat bom jardment accompanied the latid ngs One ship was lost and 3 dam Tged in the operations in addition o 7 planes destroyed The Japa nese however lost 36 bombers md 25 fighters in desperate at empts to stem the invasion tide The landings carried out in Uie early morning hours Sunday not only give the allies the first foot iod oh the north coast of New Britain but also secure complete lomination of the Vitiaz straits setween New Britain and New juinea V S 6th arm troops severed the western route of the enemy supply line from Rabaul Japans chief base on New Britain when they landed at Arawe on the southwest coast of the island about miles from Cape Gloucester The mainlanding onthe stra tegic cape was riiade near the loot f targetyiiU approximately 6 miles east of pe Gloucester and its aifdrome At the same time a 2nd marine force went ashore a few miles southwest of Gloucester American forces also occupied Song island in Vitiaz Straits Reports from the headquarters of Major Gen William S Ruper tus commanding the invasion troops said his men the major ity of them veterans of Guadal canal were systematically push ing through the jungle trails to Cape Gloucester The landings climaxed a se ries of aerial bombardments of a scale new to the Pacific theater Nearly 3500 tons of bombs were dropped on the vulnerable Cape Gloucester area in almost daily raids beginning Dec 1 In beating off Japanese aerial counterattacks allied flyers show ed the same superiority which marked heavy weekend raids on enemy bases on New Britain and elsewhere in the embattled Fa cifie area Allied planes shot down at least 71 and probably 90 Japanese aircraft in 3 attacks on Rabaul At Kavieng New Ireland north of New Britain the Nipponese lost one destroyer 2 large cargo ships and other smaller craft The one ship which the enemy managed to small escort caught by a direct hit The 3 others sustained minor damage from near misses General Douslas MacArthur in a special communique said the Cape Gloucester campaign pre sages the allies growing command BATTLESHIP German battleship Scharnhorst is shown above in days when the hoped to establish domination by a surface fleet of the outer Bismarck sea on the sea lane to Truk the Philippines and the Netherlands East Indies By advancing our airbases it increases the air threat to Ra bauls supply lanes and will shortly bring the Kavieng and Ad miralty islands area within the decisive reach 6E our landbased air attack The Admiralty islands arewest of New Britain The invasion was in much stronger force thanat Arawe The was said TObCcpliipirabeto ville operation in northern who landed at Bougainville Nov 1 have a beachhead of more than 8 miles long and the Japanese have shown signs of evacuating the southern hall of the island MERCURY WILL TAKE NOSEDIVE Zero or Below Forecast for Iowa on Tuesday Des Moines weather bureau Monday forecast that the mercury would take a nosedive in Iowa Monday night and early Tuesday dropping to zero or be low in some sections A possible minimum reading of 5 below was forecast for Mason City with zero at Waterloo Cedar Rapids and Iowa City The cold weather will continue Tuesday the bureau said Highest reading Monday was 46 at Sioux City and the mercury dropped to ID above at Spencer and Mason City early Monday GRAND JURY TO PROBE DEATH 2 Brothers Held No Charges Filed Yet A special session of the Cerro Gordo countygrand jury will be eallefl immediately to consider Erank 18 and Joe L Frank 24 in connec tion with the Christmas Eve death of James C Tenney 38 County Attorney M L Mason said that pending the grand jur report and further investigatioi he would not reveal the result o an autopsy performed Christmas day following the death of Ten ncy in a ioadhouse fight The 2 Frank brothers are be ing held without bail John in th county jail and Joe in the cit jail while the county attorney and Sheriff Tim Phalcn continu their investigation of the fight The 2were working as waiters a the Friendly tavern at the time o the incident Funeral services were held a St Josephs Catholic church her Monday morning with burial a Dougherty Tenney was a nativ of Dougherty He is survived b his widow and 3 children rsngin in age from 3 to 14 years Pallbearers were G Kephart J Hanson L Cimijotti Leo King F French and E Cornelius Thi Meyer funeral home in charge VETERAN 102 DIES Wyoming Iowa H Morse 102 Wyoming one of Iowas remaining civil war veterans died Saturday in an Anamosa hospitalwhere he had beentaken Dec 16 after contract ing pneumonia TlU5 Paper Conabta of Two One MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS SCHARNHORST SUNK IN 8 HOUR ARCTIC BATTLE Nazis Reveal British Warships Closed in for Heavy Sea Attack London Germanys last sea vorthy battleship the 26000 ton Scharnhoret went down under lie combined fire of British battleships cruisers and destroy ers after a violent battle of more hail 8 hours in the foggy Barents ea the German DNB news agency disclosed Monday The enemy agency revealed hat the Scharuhorst precipitated he battle which ended in her de struction late Sunday by attack ng an allied convoy off the lorthern tip of Norway The battleship attacked tmdei cover of fog at11 a in and in turn was engaged by British ruisers and destroyers escorting he convoy Some time later British battle ships reached the scene anc added their big guns to the fire of the convoy escorts DNB said As in the case of the big German Mttleship Bismarck whose briei Battle career ended off the French coast with British warships con verging on her from all sides the Scharnhorst was driven into death trap and finished off by th fire of circling British menowav After several hours of heaij righting DNB said the Scharn iiorst was encircled She sank ibout p m The German agencys accoun said the Scharnhorst was sunk only afler her gunners had ex hausted their ammunition and claimed heavy damage was in flirted on the attacking British warships It did not list any Brit ish vessels as sunk however or identify any of the attacking ships DNB revealed that the battle ship was accompanied on her las raid by a supporting screen o destroyers and possibly other sur face units none of which it said was lost The battle was set in motion a lew days ago DNB said when German reconnaisance plane spotted theallied toMurmansk Russias Arctic sup ply Port DNB indicated there was n definite news of the of thi Scharnhorsfs crew announcing that next of kin would be riotifiec as soon as additional informatioi becomes available The triumph in apparently the greatest fight with the Ger man navy since the kill of lh Bismarck May 27 crippled Hitlers battle fleet leav ing as damaged kingpins only th great Tirpitz and the Scharn horsts sister ship the Gneisenau The Scharnhorst was sunk ii Ihe Barents sea off North Cape Norways northern tip It was no disclosed whether U S ships sometimes reinforcing the horn fleet participated Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser com manded the naval units whic Eisenhower Declares We WiU Defeat Nazis in 44 135000 Steel Workers Idle as CIO WLB Keep Silence on Urgent Plea Made by F R Pittsburgh number of idle steel workers passed the 35 000 mark Monday afternoon as headquarters of the CIO United Steel workers and the war labor board maintained silence about President Roosevelts urgent plea for a Johnson 63 Governor of Mississippi Dies Hattiesbnrg Miss Paul B Johnson 63 died Sunday at his summer estate where he had been recuperating from a heart at tack suffered on Nov 2 Johnson the 46th governor of Mississippi would have completed a 4 year term on Jan 18 when GovElect Thomas L Bailey will take office BISMARCK ARCHlPIiLAGO i MARINES LAND in the above map shows location of the newest land ings by American marines at Cape Gloucester in a general move against the Japanese base of Rabaul Germans Have No Capital Ships in Fighting Condition London naval spofces man revealed Monday that the destruction of the 26000 ton nazi battleship Scharnhorst in a run ning battle with British warships on the Murmansk convoy route cut he striking power of Ger manys once formidable surface activeiv Heel to 2 pocket battleships and same small cruisers Confirming unofficial reports hat both the 41000 ton Tirpitz and the 26000 ton Gneisenau had been knocked out by previous British attacks Adm Sir Wil liam James chief of British naval information said the loss of the Scharnhorst left the Germans without a single capital ship in fighting trim Only Ihe thinly armored and relatively slow ton pocket battleships Lulzow and Admiral Scheer are now left to oppose the allied navies James said The elusive Graf Zeppelin is the only known aircraft carrier from which the nazis can provide air speedy settlement of a contract controversy which led to the walkout Scores of warbusy plants in Pennsylvania Ohio West Vir ginia Indiana Illinois Michigan and New York failed to reopen after the Christmas holiday dur ing which contracts between the union and 211 companies employ ing about 350000 meu lapsed Philip Murray president ot the CIO and the steelworkers union remained in seclusion Associates said there was nothing at this time to add to his warning last Thursday that a grave situation would be created by failure ot the war labor board to approve theunions request that any new wage agreement be made retro active It was understood from good sources that union officials lelt they had asked no morethan the president outlined Sunday in his telegrams to the war labor board Murray and the steel companies but that they felt the board should first go on record official ly before an appeal could be made by Murray to the men nov idle A check with several other large producers including the U S Steel corporation whose contract also will run out between now and the middle ol January brought reports of normal operations with little more than usual postholiday layoffs Pickets were seen at plants in Pittsburgh Detroit and Columbus Some pickets at an idle Columbus plant carried signs reading no slogan oE coalminers in their 1943 work stoppages rTheplantshit hardest were those oLRepublic Steel corpora tion and Youngstown Sheet aric Tube which had 30000 out a Youngstown Ohio Republic and Timken Roller Bearing company plants at Canton and Massillon Ohio also reported 20000 idle while Ihe Wheeling Steel corpor ation with plants employing 20 000 in West Virginia and Ohio re ported a shutdown At Cleveland 7000 were out at the Republic and CorriganMc Kinney works and at Midland Pa fi500 quit at the Crucible Steel company plant and 6700 a Youngstown Sheet and Tubes In diana Harbor Ind works A crucible official reported his companys contract still had sev eral days to lone instance of a company with a contract re ported closing Union local of ficials however contended they had no contract It was the first serious strike in the industry since 1937 when widespread walkouts marked by rioting and bloodshed occurred in the socalled little steel plants President Rooseveli in his ap peal for settlement requested the companies and the union to con tinue uninterrupted production under old contracts with the un derstanding that any wage adjust ments in new agreements would be computed and applied retro ndorsement of the presidential ormula Emphasizing that the CIO sicel orkers petition for wage adjust ments in new contracts had not een finally disposed ol by the oard Davis said the proposal of ie president to guarantee ictro ctive pay to the workers as long s any future pay increases were vithin existing stabilization policy vas virtually the same proposal ireviously made by the public members but which was voted iown by the labor and industry members He said that public members oted against the steel workers ictition because it would have re juired the board to pass on un nedictable developments of the uturc regarding the stabilization program cover fleet for their puny surface brought the Scharnhorst to bay after months of a catandmouse game to lure the German surface fleet out to battle It was revenge for Ihe 55 year old Admiral Fraser for he form erly was captain of the aircraft carrier Glorious sunk by the Seharnhorst and Gneisenau off Nornay June 9 1910 with M74 of her crew missing and 131 knoun dead The fact that Fraser com manded suggested that heavy British ships were engaged pos sibly including a battleship of the 35000ton King George V class armed with 10 Hinch guns The ScharnhoVst bearing main armament of 9 11inch guns and normal complement of 1461 men had 1 speed ot 29 knots was launched Oct 3 1936 and went inlo service Jan 7 1939 At last reports she was hiding in Allen fjord in Norway near the Murmansk supply route The disputes he declared mus be settled under labors nations noslrike agreement by means o collective bargaining conciliatioi and final determination it neces sary by the war labor board The president warned that an pay adjustments must conforn with the economic stabilizatioi act and subsequent executive or ders with which he implementec the act This drew from WLB Chairman William H Davis the comment o complete accord with recom mendations of the boards publi members on retroactive pay anc continuance of present steel con tracts until a settlement i reached Mr Roosevelt held out a prom ise to employers for consideration of price revisions if any retroac live pay boosts agreed upon un der the economic stabilization ac should impose hardships upoi them This he said would be givci due consideration by the agencie of government concerned wit costs and prices WLB Holds Special Meeting at Night Washington war labo board Monday was summoned t a special night session starting a 7 p m to take further action i the steel labor situation marke by spreading work stoppages The session originally called to Tuesday was moved up afte President Roosevelt had submittc a formula for dealing with retro active pay and Chairman William H Davis told a press confercnc that public members of the boar were prepared to move for WL NEW BOMBERS SHOW VALUE Took Extensive Toll in Nov 1 Rabaul Raid Washington squadron of he navys newest into com at action for lie first time in the Nov 11 raid on Rabaul and was for the bulk ot the extensive damage toll taken on enemy shipping the navy re vealed Monday The squadron sank a light cruiser and a de stroyer probably sank a heavy rruiser heavily damaged another cruiser and probablyxlam aged a second NEED SUPPORT OF VERY MAN WOMAN TO WIN General Speaks Before Leaving for Britain to Lead Invasion Force By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters Algiers Dwight D Eisenhower new commander of the main European invasion force declared flatly and without qualification Monday that we will win the European warin 1944 Eisenhower made the statement at a farewell press conference be fore leaving for Britain to take command of the invasion of Hit lers European fortress from the west or north Eisenhower asserted The only thing needed for us to win the European war in 1944 is for every man and woman all the way from the front line to the remotest hamlet our 2 countries to do his or her full duty Eisenhower declared in making the prediction that the war in Tentative Plans Call for 11 Lbs Less Meat Per Capita in 1944 Washington ood and price officials disclosed Monday that tentative 1944 meat rationing plans for civilians en visaged an average annual pel capita consumption of 132 pounds 1 pounds less than this year The 1914 program now being worked out by officials of the war administration and the office of price administration would ive civilian ration bookholdcrs about 11 pounds of meat a month as against this years average of close to 12 pounds At the same time WFA of ficials said that the current 000000 a month milk subsidy pay ments would be continued into the new year pending a congres sional decision on the administra tions entire food subsidy program The payments designed to keep prices for consumers down by off setting increased producers costs with subsidies of about a cent a Qualification Put on Eisenhowers Forecast by Hull Washington Secretary ot Slate Hull Monday added a qual ification to General Dwight D Eisenhowers statement that the war in Europe will be won in 1944 Eisenhower the secretary said is those behind the lines promote greater unity Hull told his press conference that people in all the united na tions should be more unified in their effort to support re fighting and sounded a Vnew about overoptimism on up the war Me made it clear he felt too mch optimism would retard the utcomc quart otherwise Dec 31 would expire Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Mon day night lowest temperatures in Mason City 5 below Tues day fair and continued cold Iowa Fair and much colder with temperatures ranging from 2 above in the northwest to Ifi above in southeast portion Tues day morning Tuesday partly cloudy colder extreme cast por tion Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday Much colder east and south portion Monday night Warmer west portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 43 Minimum Sunday night 15 At 8 a m Monday 15 With only 03 of an inch pre cipitation recorded so far for De below roads arc reported to be dusty anc the wind picking up dust in sweeping across fields YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 13 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 42 Minimum Saturday night 26 At 8 a m Sunday 26 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 30 Precipitation 15 rain urope would be won in 1944 that ic temptation always arose to ualify it but that he was resist g this impulse In answers to questions whether had boon satisfied with the rogress ot the war against Ger lany during the past if the year had been up to xpectalions the general said the est way to answer that was for eople in Ihcir own minds to com are the position ot the allies in ctober 1312 with the position oday The general then reviewed the mnccs pointing out that last ear with the Germans almost at he gates of Cairo Malta hunt by thread and submarine warfare vas at its height Speaking of the campaign in laly the general pointed outthat ic surrenderpf the Italians had nabled the allies to seize the heel f Italy including the naval bases f Taranto and Bari with asmall xpcnditurc and dispose of the talian fleet for a big gain in allied aval fortunes lie said he had expected nothing ioie and had prepared for noth ig more although he may have oped that the surrender would ive greater military advantages Referring modestly to his new ppoinlment to lead the conti nental invasion he said only time vould tell whether he was the ight man for the job Asked whether French forces ioiild be used to attackEurope tsenhower said the French were be ins rearmed to fight the Ger mans and certainly would be in cluded in any such plans His main task he said would be o weld allied forces into one team without friction and he said he GENERAL EISENHOWER ;