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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTOBY AND ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL JTJI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires MAKES ALL NORTH lOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 26 1945 This Paper Consists ot Two Ono UNVEILING OF MOSCOW TALK NEAR RETURN COAST GUARD TO OLD TREASURY ROLE Transfer From Navy to Treasury Department Scheduled Next Month Washington coast guard which played an important war role as part the navy will be returned next month to its peacetime position as a branch of the treasury department it was learned Wednesday Preliminary details of the trans fer already have been worked out by the treasury and navy depart ments A conference may be held later this week between Navy Secretary James Forrestal and Treasury Secretary Fred Vinson to arrange a specific transfer date The shift will be announced formerly by President Truman The coast guard was transferred from the treasury to the navyby an executive order of President Roosevelt on Nov 1 1941 Since that time the coast guard partici pated in every major amphibious operatic h supplied invasion troops directed airsea rescue op erations guarded ports and super vised loading ot munitions Under the treasury the coast guard will resume its peacetime work of coastal and port patrol aiding ships in distress and provid ing aids to navigation The serv ice also will maintain navigation aids and will perform ice patrol during the winter months The coast guards peak wartime strength was 172000 personnel in cluding womens aux iliary organization By Dec 18 however coast guard personnel totaled little more than 100000 because of demobilization Many of its ships principally small fast cntters already have been decom missioned by the navy When the coast guard is trans ferred to Jhe treasury it will have its first new commandant since June 1936 Adm Russell H Waescbe who has directed its ac tivities since that date will retire Jan 1 He will he succeeded by Adm Joseph F Farley whose last assignment was chief of the coasi guards personnel office President Trumans nomination of Farley to become a full admiral was approved by the senate lasl Thursday He will be the ninth admiral to command the 155year old service Independence Mo Jf Presi ent Truman went merrily about elebrating the Christmas holidays Vednesday as his home folk bowed every disposition to al ow him to do it in his own way Uis round of yuletide calls pread to Kansas City where Mends were invited to drop into ils office in the federal building or an exchange of season greet ings Mi Truman covered plenty of srritory upon his arrival here uesday by plane from Washing cm through sleet and storm He vent immediately by automobile over icy pavements for a 25min ute visit with his mother 93 year ld Mrs Martha E Truman at learby Grand view His delayed departure from Washington putting him in Kan sas City at p m CST pre vented his customary appearance at 3 Christmas dinners Uuon his return to Independence from trandview he ate turkey and WARSAW picture was among several introduced at the war crimes teals in Nuernberg showing destruction in Warsaw in the spring of 1943 The pic ture was m a report of an SS commander charged with the destruction of the terror the 11 Japs Get Hanging for Murdering 96 Kwajalein Marshall Islands Two highranking Japanese naval officers and 9 codefen dants were sentenced to death by hanging by a V S naval court Wednesday for executing 96 American civilians on Wake is North Iowa Free of Serious Road Accidents on Holiday North Iowa had a white Christmas and a quiet one with no serious accidents reported although traffic was slowed up by a 6 inch snowfall on Christmas day Railroads and buses were back on schedule Wednesday after running late from heavy traffic over the weekend up to Christmas eve The Jefferson Transportation company reported its buses to Des unoc land in 1943 Japanese were sen iJorieo rougn going on unnstmas fenced to prison terms of o years day but there no blockades J and all routes were open Wcdnes Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sa da y morning kaibara former Japanese com I xuiuuuBii jo lucnes 01 snow was rnander on Wake and reported in the western part of Uve officer Lt rmrlRnirhi Tthe state and one way traffic the highway commission reported all roads in North Iowa open and MINERS TRAPPED BY EXPLOSION Blast Closes Exit in Kentucky Mine Pineville Ky to 31 miners were believed trapped mile to 2 miles back in a coa mine here Wednesday following an explosion which apparently closed their exit G E Lewis operator of the mine the Kentucky Straight Creek Coal company said rescue squads entered the tunnel shortly before noon while clouds of smoke were still pouring from the entrance He said he did not anticipate an immediate report on conditions in the vicinity of the explosion Lewis said it could not be deter mined at once whether the air shaft leading to the blast area had been closed by the blast It is possible the operator stated thaf the explosion may have blown in the top but of course we wont know until some one comes out of the mine The mine he said is 1 to 2 miles deep He added that the blast occurred so far underground that no con cnssion was felt and no noise heard on the outside It wasnt until huge clouds of smoke started boiling from the month of the mine that it was learned of the explosion Lewis said 5t was not known immediately what caused the Wast or whether it was set off by ex plosives ormine conditions The mine is a drift mine run ning straight into the mountain side rather than downward into the ground live officer Lt Cmdr Soichi Ta chibana Stood at attention in terpreters read the sentences Before the verdict was an nounced Sakaibara defiantly de manded that Americans who con ceived and carried out the atom bomb attack on Japan be tried As we are about to receive a decision by an American court he said through interpreters I would like to request that the people who planned and carried out the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan should be re garded in the same light as we The IB Japanese were con victed ot machine gunning Ihe Americans on a lonely beach of Wake island the night of Oct 7 1943 The victims employes of PanAmerican Airways had been forced to work for the Japanese for 22 months after the invasion of the island The Japanese claimed the Americans had become a men ace because they had outside radio connections with U S forces Lt William P Mahoney U S N R in summing up for the prosecution branded the execu tions as every bit as loathsome as those that took place on Bataan Describing the executions as pieced together from testimony of Japanese xvitnesses Mahoney said Just after sunset by the light oE a young moon the helpless Americans were led from their barracks solely on the order of one Then they began a march to ward the beach they never were to leave alive When they reached th beach their hands and feet were tied they were blindfolded and finally ordered to face the ocean Japanese soldiers 3 platoons strong stood 6 paces in the rear with machine guns and rifles Then the command was given that ended their lives The trials will be reviewed by higher officers before the senten ces are carried out Burglars Rob Home of California Sheriff Sanla Ana Cal Sheriff Jesse L Elliotts face red Burg lars took 30 gifts from beneath his Christmas tree In plain sight were Elliotts uni form cap and badge NORTH IOWANS ARRIVE IN USA San Francisco follow ing North lowans were scheduled to arrive on the Renville Gerald KcGrecvj Ackler First U Mtrwin Man Kicerlllt T Sft Wiltmr Ellcrs Elma The Exchequer was due I I Rites for lowan Cedar Falls serv ices will be held Thursday for Anna B Clark 91 who for 30 years operated a rooming house serving Iowa State Teachers col lege students She died Monday V V Moines encountered ice in the southern part of the state and travel was bad between Des Moines and Kansas City The Mason City Motor coach re ported tough going on Christmas Christmas Although 16 inches of snow was The Winne were stalled there was very little drifting The Iowa state safety patrol re ported no accidents over the Christmas holiday bago Lines buses twice during the Christmas storm but came through all right and were operating on schedule Wed nesday Railroads were back to normal Wednesday after heavy pre Christmas traffic Heavy snow falls rain and sleet which afford ed a variety of inclement weather preceding Christmas eased up Wednesday and no cold wave was in the offing according fa the weather bureau Little snow fell during the last 24 hours but the Christmas eve storm left Iowa covered with a thick blanket ranging up to 20 inches at Sheldon in the north west that impeded holiday trav elers within cities as well as on roads and highways Snowplows were busy throughout Tuesday and continued in many areas Wednesday One Iowa death was attributed at least in part to the snowstorm Alfred Cobb 69 retired fireman died of a heart attack at Sioux City after shoveling snow from his garage driveway and starting his automobile Depths of snow on the ground included 10 inches at Sioux City 9 at Atlanta 3 at DCS Moines and Creston 7 at Ames at Fort Dodge 5 at Charles City Burlington Davenport and Ottumwa 4 at Dubuque Cedar Rapids Iowa City and Lamoni Temperatures in Mason City over Christmas ranged from 15 to 26 degrees with 9 above on Wed nesday morning being the coldest 0 for the period On Christmas eve Sai nrs I rtPPr lii inches of snow fell 6 inches Veneer on Christmas and half an inch C D r I AJf Wednesday making in all 8 inches Ot INaVV ratlOl in North Iowa without a thaw On the black side of the picture holiday At least 245 persons were killed in traffic accidents over utvrtuwtiia wvui imeti tiiti euro arici lui icecoated highways but North cheered the streetcar operator Iowa remained comparatively free from tragedy on a really white CASEWORKERS OUT ON STRIKE Walkout Affects 4 Plants of Company Burlington and maintenance employes of J I Case companyhere went on strike Wednesday morning throw ing picket lines around the gates of the plant The strike was called by tin United Automobile Worker CIO and was scheduled to af feet plants also at Rock Island III Racine Wis and Kockford 111 No estimate of the number o workers affected here was avail able Office workers were permitted to enter the plant and there wa no disturbance on the picket lint Bernard Kraft president lo cal 807 of the union declared th union is seeking a new contrac well within the Case company capacity to grant He added any move on th part the company to incit trouble at the plants entranc gates by bringing in foreign la bor will be opposed by the union John Ferguson general man ager of the plant here made n statement on the dispute but sai day shift production was at standstill The night shift usual ly reports for work at 5 p m At Rock Island Case worker were reported on the job as usua but a union mass meeting wa called for Wednesday night Unio officials declined to comment o the situation T E Stahl works manager Rock Island said the plant ther was operating normally i Turkey With Home Folks trimmings with Mrs Truman his daughter Margaret and Mrs Trumans family He hopes to eat with his mother at Grandview and his aunt 90 year old Mrs Joseph T Noland who lives across the street from him in Independence before he leaves here for Washington Fri day His arrival at his Independence home Tuesday night was the sig nal for a hearty Merry Christ mas from more than 100 towns people gathered outside the lit tle white house As he entered his home carolers serenaded him concluding with the familiar Silent Night After dinner ho went by the home Mize Peters treasury de partment representative for west ern Missouri for a few minutes before returning to his home at p m tired but happy and ready for bed He had had a full day Expect ing to leave Washington at a m he had to wait until before weather conditions per mitted a takeoff Sleet was fall ing as the Sacred Cow his big C54 plane took to the air The president had told friends that he did not want to miss Christmas with the homefolks and ureak a cominehome record of 27 years He drove about Independence Kansas City and Grandview over icy pavements Newsmen photographers and ra dio commentators who came from Washington to cover the presi dents visit home arrived in Kan sas City almost 3 hours after the president Their plane was de layed at the takeoff by ice which had to be cleared from the wings Both planes fought headwinds over much ot the route as t h e y moved through leaden skies that showered sleet and rain a 3 Killed in I California Gas Blast Santa Barbara Cal Arsons were killed a 4th is miss ing and 5 others were injured none seriously when an explosion of a butane gas truck destroyed warehouse apartment building here Wednesday The dead were tentatively iden tified as air and Mrs John John son and Caroline Sue Stovall 10 all residents of the apartments on he upper floor of the 2story building Frances Watson another resi dent was unaccounted for but friends said they believed she was out of the city on a holiday visit The injured included Anthony Berta truck driver who ex plained the explosion I stepped on the starter and the butane just took Firemen reporter seeing 2 bod ies in the flaming wreckage All available ftre equipment fought the blaze and had it under control within a half hour Police regulars and reserves were called out to patrol adjacent blocks where the force of the explosion had shattered virtually every window A bank a block away was put under heavy guard Greeson said patrolmen re ported some residents of the 20 apartments had escaped to the street which was littered with broken glass metal window frames and fragments of brick The building housed the Santa Barbara Distributing companys beer and soft drink bottling works located at Chapala and Cola streets only a block from the main artery State street Police and sheriffs telephone exchanges were jammed with calls from residents many of them miles away inquiring about the blast POSTWAR Gis Fort Leonard Wood Mo The war may be over but in the army service forces training cen ter here are several hundred men for whom military life is just be ginning They are men whohave been inducted since VJ day and are now training for possible oc cupation duty in Europe or Japan The training program has been modified since the wars end to in clude a stepped up athletic pro gram with less emphasis on strict ly military subjects rae Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thurs day Colder Wednesday night Lowest Wednesday night zero 5 above San Francisco streetcar f MlceujtlL the nation counted a total 460 crashed into a navy shore patrol dead in the wake of the Christmas wagon on a busy downtown street Dozens of sailors on the side walks lined the curb and lustily Find Missing Diamond Ring Says Yes to Soldier Philadelphia The missing diamond engagement ring ssn amon engagemen ng Wednesday was on the 3rd finger left hand of the girl it was destined and a Chicago GI had a Merry Merry Christmas Pvt William Sykucki stationed at the Frankforfl arsenal here had a novel idea last weekend He was going to pop the question by putting the ring in the center of a box of candy And when his fiancee Miss Mildred Onerman nf PhilarlolnMji n bring the following North lowans to Boston T4 Richard J Shellmrer Whittemon Prc Donald I Garrison Hampton mu ienicr ui a 01 canny wnen nis Due to arrive at Seattle on the ailcee Iss Mildred Operman of Philadelphia opened Etolin was the following North Bllt salesgirl accidentally dropped the ring while wrapping lowan the candy It wasnt noticed until the soldier had left the store Sft Xorbert J Tracy EwaTedale jukntiA uiiiil me iitiQ jeii ine siore Local newspapers and radio stations let the public in on the GIs secret m an effort to locate him But he didnt find out until his girl opened the box of candy at midnight Christmas Eve Oh Bill she said seeing the empty ring box is this a joke Then a phone call to ihe store Did I leave a ring the owners reply Ive been searching for you for 4 days Into the candy box went the ring It was rewrapped with new cellophane and pink ribbon Miss Operman opened it Then she said yes Iowa Partly cloudy Wednesday night Slightly colder east Thursday cloudy with occasion al light snow with slowly rising temperatures Diminishing winds Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday Colder Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 25 Minimum g At 8 a m Wednesday 10 YEAR AGO Maximum 7 la below GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending a 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 24 Minimum 20 At 8 a m Tuesday 22 Snow G inches YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum J3 WHITE CHRISTMAS FOR home to spend a few days with the home folks at Independence Mor President Truman conies out on the porch of the sum mer White House to view the snow blanketed scenery and listen to Christmas carols Coming up the walk is an un identified member of his bodyguard of secret service men Iowa AP Wirephoto K A engr GM Strike Walkout Threat of CIO Electrical Workers Hold Labor Rift Spotlight By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nations current major la bor dispute the General Motors strike and a threatened walkout of 250000 CIO electrical workers held front rank in postChristmas business along the countrys labor front In Detroit officials of General Motors and the ClOUnited Auto Workers planned to resume nego tiations but the wage unions demand for 30 per cent wage rate i n c r e a s not scheduled for discussion In Washington officials the ClOUnited Electric Workers whose 250000 members have au thorized a strike in support of de mands for a a day wage hike were scheduled to meet with la bor department conciliators The Detroit meeting said Wal ter P Reuther UAWCIO wage president was to deal only with procedure for handling local union grievances in the absence of a working contract Agreements be tween the company and the union were cancelled after the strike of 175000 last Nov 21 The principals in the lonff dis pute who last week met with the governments faclfindinc board arc scheduled to be in Washington Friday when the panel resumes studies of the controversy It was not disclosed whether General Motors would be represented at the meeting Last week the board in a state ment policy announced Gils ability to pay would be considered as one factor in connection with the unions wage demands Meanwhile picketing of the strikebound GM plants halted over the Christmas holiday was maintained only on a token basis Wednesday No date for a strike of the C1O electrical workers has been set although a union spokesman said it might be called after the first the year unless General Elec tric and Westinghouse at least meet the offer General Motors for 13 Va cents an hour increase Federal conciliators have in vited GE and Westinghouse repre sentatives to meetings Thursday and Friday Negotiations between General Motors and the union are to be resumed after the first of the year while in Pittsburgh a Westinghouse official said his company still was continuing ne gotiations with the union EXPECT STRONG AGREEMENTSON BIG PROBLEMS Big 3 Ministers in Accord on Procedure for Drafting Treaties Moscow foreign min isters of the United States Russia and Great Britain met Wednesday afternoon to clear up the last few details of their conference hoping to complete by night agreements on a number of details Agreements were reported reached on main questions In formed quarters said the area of agreement was greater than any one including perhaps the min isters had hoped when they met The hour of issuance of the final communique was doubtful A British informant said Tuesday the bulletin wouldbe issued at 2 a m Thursday 5 p m Wednes day but latest indications were that no definite time had been set French assent to the procedure on drafting peace treaties for European states still was awaited The French have indicated how ever they would not object China already has agreed to the formula Secretary of State James F Byrnes telephoned the French foreign ollice Monday afternoon but was informed that Foreign Minister Georges Bidault was out One of the issues that broke down the earlier conference of foreign ministers in London was French insistence on being a party to all European peace treaties Diplomatic sources said the at mosphere of futility which pre vailed after the breakdown ofthe Ixmdon conferences of Byrnes Foreien Commissar C M Molotov anfl Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin has been eliminated and the bfe 3 iiow were reunited Jn a spirit of collaboration The conferees were said to have struck up a more intimate ac quaintanceship between them selves producing a real measure of admiration for one another The 3 foreign ministers already have reached an accord on the procedure for drafting the Eu ropean peace settlement Authoritative quarters said U S Secretary of Stale James F Byrnes was highly pleased with the results his discussions with Soviet Foreign Commissar V M Molotov and British Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin Far more has been achieved these quarters said than was even contemplated when Byrnes left Washington The full extent of the agreements reached was not indicated but one of Byrnes aides said the results would not be disappointment One of the accords was said to deal with control of Japan which was hiffh on the list of compli cated problems on the agenda Whether agreement w a s reached on the number one prob lem control of atomic energy mained a matter of speculation It was reported however that the 3 foreign ministers had dis cussed the American British Canadian policy on world control of atomic energy during their meetings Another important question on the agenda was the withdrawal of British American and Rus sian troops from Iran outcome of discussions but the of this REPRESENTATIVE IS FOUND DEAD Joe Ervin Commits Suicide at Home Washington fP Clutching a pistol and a razor Rep Joe W Er vin 44 year old North Carolina democrat was found dead in the gasfilled kitchen of his home here Christmas day Coroner A Magruder MacDon ald issued a certificate of suicide by asphyxiation Ervin n firsttermer had com plained Monday night of an old leg ailment which had been com plicated by a fall last week and of a recent heart disturbance He had just been released from Wal ter Reed army hospital after 2 days of treatment His death left the house lineup at 240 democrats 190 republi cans 2 minor party members and 3 vacancies problem also was undisclosed The already announced ac cord on procedure for drafting European treaties regarded by observers as close to the com promise formula proposed by Byrnes at the 5 power foreign ministers conference in London has been submitted to France and China for their approval China was reported to have ap proved the agreement already but no word has been received from the French government Byrnes hoped to be able to get away from Moscow sometime Wednesday His advisors ex pressed doubt that he would ba able to do so but his plane was being held in readiness however for immediate departure as soon as the business of the confer ence was completed Find Battered Safe With Inside f Oklahoma City I breaking into a 5 and 10 cent store j here knocked off the combination I knob of a safe battered its door i and finally carted it away to a park where police found it Officer Lee Mullinbc after checking it for fingerprints cas ually turned the handle and tho j door opened disclosing in side j He said the safe apparently had never been locked ;