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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U One Mans Opinion A Kadjo Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mtion City Sunday p m KHMO Haunltt Tuesiny p m W01 Ames Wednesday p m KBCJ Slum Clly Wednesday p m WSUI Iowa Cily Wednesday p m Miracles Are Still Happening TT has occurred to me that this Christmastide might be an ap propriate time to talk about mir acles The era ushered in by the Christ is replete with stories of miracles Theyre set forth in the Book of Books The miracles about which I shall be talking in this commen tary are of a quite different character Maybe theyre not miracles at all Maybe they just seem to be miracles Ill let you be the judge of that Its the historians of this war who will be dealing with these Ive chosen to regard as miracles There will be a lot of them but in this commentary Ill confine myself to those in the field of military transport which came to my notice at first hand during a 2months visit to the British Isles and France last fall the first of these well stop off in the Normandy penin sula It has to do with the ship ping which permits us to main tain an enormous army on the western front of Europe and the miracle has several aspects or maybe its several miracles Again Ill let you be the judge of that When I axrived in Cherbourg itself I was impressed by the small extent ol the damage I had expected to find the city all shot to pieces But such was not the case The suburbs showed signs of shelling but downtown Cherbourg like downtown Paris had escaped with amazingly slight hurts This was In the evening But the next day when I went down to Ihe iraterfront visiting what had been the docks and the ar senal I found a quite different scene There the damage was com plete Nothing usable by Ameri cans had been left by the fleeing louts Magnificent demolition was aterm applied to it by Amer ican military authorities in Cher bourg HITLER and his associates had every good reason for be lieving that it would require 6 month to put those docks back into Along with the de struction of course the harbor had been filled rath a new and most difficult type of mine But Hitler and those who di rected the demolition of Cher bourgs docks hadnt figured on American ingenuity Exactly the type of demolition they found had been anticipated by American military authorities They had prepared against that day And the story of this is pretty well known Docks of the kind needed had been prefabricated in America and stored at a convenient place on that little island known as England At the appropriate hour despite the handicap of a bad storm they were floated across the channel and installed as wholly new docks IT wasnt a simple or inexpen sive operation Theres nothing cheap about this war I observed on more than one occasion For example if a breakwater is need ed RIGHT NOW those in charge dont hesitate for a minute to get it by sinking a Liberty or Vic tory ship I chanced to talk to a sailor who had been affected by one of these emergency sinking opera tions It was done according to command I was glad he told me that my dad wasnt on hand to see we were doing You see hes an American taxpayer Anything to get results is the guiding principle in the allied conduct of this warMeasured by that standard the miracle per formed in the Cherbourg harbor was abundantly justified It got how The effectiveness of the opera tion was reflected in the fact that oa the day I reached Cherbourg not so many days after the last nazi had been driven out that great French port city was actual ly receiving a greater volume of cargo than at any other time in its entire history UT I wouldnt want to leave the impression that the cargo being received through Cher bourg at that time or now for that matter constituted any large proportion of the total supplies necessary for maintaining the al B lied armies in western Europe That would be an erroneous im pression What the Cherbourg percent of the total was I cant say Maybe it was a tenth Maybe only a twentieth All I know for sure is that it was and is a very small fraction And the same general statement can be made with re spect to the more recently re opened Antwerp harbor up in Belsium The great bulk of supplies for our fighting men in Europe is be ing received over the beachheads Continued on Fact 2 DEPARTMENT Of 4ISTORY AND KOINES i AooclJlK Press and United Pros Full Leaded wir Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMB Paper Consists ot Two On NO 61 NAZIS PLUNGE FORWARD AGAIN Nearly Ton of Dynamite Is Found as Churchill Prepares for Athens Peace Conference ocwci uueutiy oeiore the Great Britain hotel British anrt government headquarters Tuesday only a few hours before Prfmt CANNED GOODS MORE MEAT PUT RATION LIST Bat OPA Emphasizes There Are Ample Food Supplies for All Washington No civilian food crisis is ample food for office of price administration emphasizes in re turning vegetables to Tuesday Butter and sugar also will be under tighter restrictions Meats go on the ration list next Sunday This action is taken to insure everyone a fair share of scarce items Price Administrator Chester Bowles said Things that the housewife will want to remember about these latest changes affecting her shop ping day are A rise in red point value of but ter from 20 to 24 points a pound about 85 per cent of all meats will be placed under ration ing beginning Dec 30 That canned vegetables which will require points are peas corn green wax beans asparagus and spinach in addition to tomatoes which already are on the ration That air red and blue stamps which became good before Dec 1 and all sugarstamps andhome canning certificates except No 34 are cancelled Five new red through 5 through G2 will be validated Sunday Dec 31 Values in both cases will remain at 10 points each No new sugar stamps will be validated until Feb 1 Bowies announcement said that civilian supplies of sugar butter and commercially canned fruits and vegetables are at the lowest point since the war began and meat supplies are declining Restaurants hotels boarding houses and institutions will feel the cut in the use of sugar effec tive Jan 1 The reduction will be 10 per cent for users who do their own baking and 15 per cent for those who do not A reduced allow ance for industrial users was an nounced earlier The 4 week point allowance in meat will be cut from 60 to 50 per person while the sugar quota of 5 pounds per person will be stretched from 10 weeks to 3 months The blue point Quota of 50 per person will continue tnrougn January Meat stamps worth a total of 50 points per person will be validated in January compared with 30 in December because about 85 per cent of the civilian meat supply will be rationed compared to about 37 per cent now Explaining why broadened meat rationing is necessary the OFA said It is estimated consumers at present high income levels would buy 160 to 170 pounds of meat per person if available dur ing 1945 compared to the 12G pounds per person they consumed on the average in the 193539 period The prospect now is that only about 127 pounds per person will be available in 1945 The statement also said that Butter supplies for civilians re cently have been at the lowest point during the be less in 1945 than in 1944 Sugar stocks are low in many is estimated there will be no more than 5400000 tons available for civilians in 1945 compared with about 6100000 tons consumed in 1944 Ration coupons for no more than 700000 tons of sugar can be issued for home canning in the 1945 season compared with ration stamps and coupons issued for 1 350000 tons in 1944 Values established for vege tables Asparagus No 2 c a n 10 blue points green or wax beans No 2 10 vacuumpacked whole kernel corn 12 ounce can 20 all corn except vacuum packed ex cluding com on cob No 2 can 20 peas No 2 20 spinach No 2 Ifl DIES AFTER STROKE Knoxville 8 Ira Ward 67 Knoxville chief of police died here Sunday following a stroke suffered several weeks ago Mar Jon county sheriff in 193132 Ward had been associated with the Knoxville police force for 8 years Churchill was to con peace conference with Greek government i voke a ELAS and leaders British sources believed the ex plosives had been planted by left wine ELAS forces in an attempt to destroy be hotel and with U Churchill British Foreign Secre tary Anthony Eden U Gen Ronald Scobie British commander in Athens and Greek government officials It was learned that the explo sives were placed in the sewer which extends beneath the hotel during the night some time after the arrival of Churchill and Eden in Athens had been announced The dynamite had been fused but not lighted It was packed in wooden crates bearing the name of a German manufacturer and weighed approximately 1680 pounds Several wooden 2rnan cradles for carrying the crates also were found The cache was discovered dur ing routine patrol through the Athens sewers The runs beneath streetcar tracks on Uni versity street Athens main downtown thoroughfare It was believed that the assail ants bad cratvled along the seiver from the direction of the ELAiS stadium and Ardittes hill about 1000 yards from the Great Brit ain hotel The explosive was penthrite a German type of dynamite and was equipped with electric deto nators British engineers who re moved the cache were revealed to have followed wires leading from the detonators for some distance British sources have charged on several previous occasions that the ELAS rinks include German soldiers and perhaps saboteurs Whereabouts of Churchill and Eden time the dynamite wa found were not It also wasnot revealed where the peace conference among ELAS leaders Greek government offi cials arid British authorities would be held Detailed plans for the confer ence were being cloaked in secrecy However it was under stood that Churchill would make the opening statement The state ment was expected to be released after the session It would not be surprising if the conference should take up the possibility of a temporary truce for the duration of negotiations Spasmodic fighting continued in Athens and Piraeus British forces completed capture of the Piraeus docks and moved up the PiraeusAthens road to within 700 yards of embattled Omonoias Square In northwest Greece right wing EDES forces were trying to hold out along a line running northwest of Preveza but already have yielded half the territory they held before superior ELAS units attacked last week Holiday Takes Toll of 356 Lives in US By UNITED PRESS Hundreds of accidents marred the nations Christmas holidays taking at least 356 lives a survey by the United Press showed Tues day Of the total 212 were caused by traffic accidents since midnight Friday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cold Tues day fair and not so cold Tues day night Wednesday incvas ing cloudiness and warmer Low temperature Tuesday night in Mason City o Iowa Clear and cold Tuesday fair and not so cold in west and north portions Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudi ness with rising temperature and not quite so cold Tuesday night Wednesday partly cloudybecoming colder again by evening IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 7 above Minimum Monday 15 below At 8 a m Tuesday 15 below At 2 p m Tuesday 6 Above YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Monday Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 am Monday The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 14 above Minimum Saturday 7 below 42 26 21 3 5 RUSSIANS PUSH INTO BUDAPEST NAZIS RETREAT Germans Fail Back to Doomed City After 25 Panzer Attacks Fail Moscow red army stormed into Budapest from the west Tuesday after apparently completing its encirclement in a spectacular flanking sweep that doomed thousands of German and Hungarian troops to death or sur render inside the tottering capital German panzers infantry and selfpropelled guns counterat tacked at least 25 times in the past 24 hours but finally fell back into the city for a lastditch stand The advancing Russians slashed across all railways and presum ably also had severed the last 2 secondary highways running northwest to Vienna At least 81 nazi tanks were knocked out in the breakthrough area Saturday and Sunday Front dispatches said some Germans charged the soviet lines drunk and singing only to be cut down to the last man by Russian machine gunners Marshal Feodor I Tolbukhins 3rd Ukrainian army broke open the western flank of the axis lines around Budapest Monday after a swirling 5day battle that cost the Germans and Hungarians almost 20000 men killed or captured Advancing as much as 15 miles through a 35 mile breach in the axis defenses the red army sealed the fate of the capital with a thrust to within 6 miles of the Danube crossing at Esztergom 19 miles to the north A communique said the enemy was in fun retreat abandoning huge quantities of equipment in a rushto escape the rapidlyclosing trap Thousands of nazi and Hun garian soldiers were hemmed in side the city itself however and it seemed certain that in a matter of dgys at most they would have an opportunity to make good their boast to turn Budapest into an other Stalingrad With little prospect of extricat ing more than a scattering of men and equipment from the city mili tary observers believed the nazis would use Budapests subways hills canals and tall buildings for a destructive and suicidal delaying stand PLAN HONOR TO NEW GOVERNOR Reception Banquet at Eagle Grove Thursday Eagle banquet and re ception honoring GovernorElect and Mrs Robert D Blue will be held at the Methodist church in Eagle Grove Thursday at p m The event is sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce and other civic groups as on honor for their fellow townsmen All state otficials with the ex ception of members of the su preme court have been invited and indications are that all will be there with the exception of Gov B B Hickenlooper who has other arrangements Atty John J Heiineberry of Eagle Grove will be toaslmaster Among the speakers will be Ward Barnes who was Mr Blues campaign manager Willis York chairman of the republican state central committee arid Mrs Lu cille Johnson Eagle Grove The program will conclude with a talk by the governorelect There will be musical numbers through out the evening The reception to the governor elect and his wife will follow the REINFORCEMENTS MOVE UP of the 1st army move up on a road on the outskirts of a town in Bel gium to reinforce troops fighting to halt German counter offensive Photo was made by Peter Carroll Associated Press photographer with war picture pool Yanks Write Virtual End to Successful Leyte Campaign By LEONARD MILLIMAX Associated Press War Editor Enemy forces in the Philippines have sustained perhaps the great est defeat m the military annals of the Japanese army Gen Douelas MacArthur announced and Emperor Hirohito said the plight of Nippon in her sacred war is becoming more critical In a double amphibious land ing Christmas day coupled with 2 overarid pushes American di visions seized the only Crcmainihg Japanese escape ports and wrote a virtual end to the Leyte island campaign The 67 day battle MacArthur said cost Gen Tomoyuki Yama shita 113221 men 2748 planes 41 transports and 27 warships This destruction has been par alleled in the history of warfare MacArthur said American casualties totaled 11 217 including 2623 killed 8422 wounded and 172 missing In Mondays smashing climax the 77th division captured the port of Palompon in a surprise am phibious landing under cover of a land based artillery bombard ment by long range guns The 7th division stormed ashore from landing barges to seize Puerto Bello to the southeast and the 24th division cleaned out Japanese around San Isidro a port northof Palompon The 32nd division and the first dismounted cavalry re lentlessly pressed in from the east What Japanese survive are sur rounded by these 5 divisions The defending force has been practi cally annihilated MacArthur said and only mopping up re mains Tokyo radio reported American planes attacked Clark field again Tuesday Twentyone Japanese planes were shot down Monday as Yank squadrons blasted through more than 50 interceptors to at tack his Manila field Bomb carrying China based Mercury Dips to 22 Below DCS Ajfoines The tempera ture dropped to a new low for the season in Iowa Tuesday morning with a minimum reading of 22 de grees below zero at Decorah The numerous subzero recordings also made Tuesdays cold the most widespread of the season The only city reporting an above zero reading Tuesday morning was Council Bluffs with 2 degrees No new snow was reported Monday night The maximum reported Monday was 26 degrees at Bur lington The weather bureau said clear and cold weather would prevail Tuesday with fair and not so cold weather in the west and north portions Tuesday night The fore cast for Wednesday was increas ing cloudiness and rising tempera tures Ames reported 17 beloxv while Fort Dodge and Iowa City re ported a minimum of 16 below Mason City had 15 below Other minima for Tuesday morning all below zero included Charles City 14 Cedar Rapids 13 Sioux City 12 Atlantic 11 Spencer and Dav enport 9 Dubuque 8 Des Moines 6 Ottumwa and Lamoni 4 and Burlington 3 Germans Only 4 Miles From Meuse Wipe Out Wedge Near St Vith ii7 Two German armored columns by Sunday night had plunged 50 miles into Belgium reaching within 4 r Se riverThe enemy wiped out the caii ht Vith salient and formed a SOLID FRONT 35 miles wide Supreme headquarters disclosed this information Tues Two and possibly 3 nazi armies have been flung into the battering counteroffensive believed at supreme headquar ters to have been planned by Hitler himself in an effort to shatter allied forces in the west Backed up by infantry the twin German tank pushes had careened 11 more miles into Belgium since the last previous headquarters report They had pinched out the American stand west of St a jutting salient that had split the German offensive and formed a single bulge 35 miles wide and now 50 miles or more deep Punching due west one nazi tank column neared Celles only A miles from the Mouse at Dinant and just 8 miles northeast of the French border Another column hit west and north reaching Ciney in a 10 Report Hitler Planned Nazi All Out Drive By JA3IES McGLINCV Paris headquar ters reported Tuesday that Adolf Hitler personally conceived and planned the present allout Ger man offensive during the rumor clouded months when the world was swamped with reports that he Was dead gravely ill or insane After Hitler had set up the grand attack now beating at the ap proaches of the Meuse line and the French border region he turned over its execution Mar shal Karl Von Rundsledt and the marshals chief of staff Von West fall a SHAEF spokesman said The overall nazi strategy was reported whipped into shape un der cover of Ihe smoke screen of Hitler rumors craftily thrown up by nail propagandists the first au thoritative appraisal of the plan ning behind the offensive indi cated It was an audaciously brilliant as well as fundamentally simple operation which Hitler was de scribed as mapping with the aim of destroying the allies in the west Already committed to it were one infantiy army one panzer army and possibly a 2nd panzer army SHAEF reported The im mediate objective ot the original plan was the line of the Meuse river as defined by the great for tress cities of Liege Namur and Dinant The original plan was reported frustrated in its initial phase by the failure of the American first army to collapse but more Ger man gains are to be expected be fore the full picture of one of the most confused military situations of the entire war emerges The nazis have acknowledged that the Hitler plan for a sudden great victory has gone wrong a primary factor being the first THIEF MAKES PLEA thief stole iem which veered the enemy S120 from a Denver hotel and south away from Licgc GOV ELECT ROBERT D BLUE Be Honored freighterand probably 4 other ships in Christmas eve raids along the China coast Japanese claimed they bombed the Superfortress base on Saipan Christmas night in retaliation for thecombined American naval and air bombardment Sunday of Iwo Jima Nipponese airbasc island 750 miles south of Tokyo Emperor Hirohitos admission that the war situation was becom ing worse was made in formally opening the 86th session ot the imperial diet Nevertheless he lauded his army and navy for de stroying the powerful enemy wherever he is confronted with their death defying gallant fight ing The mikado shut his eyes to such facts as the destruction in the last 2 months of 1521 Jap anese planes and 89 ships by fast U S carrier forces under Vice Adm John C McCain Nintytwo other ships Were damaged Most of these planes but none of the ships were included in MacArth urs report Tires Available for Civilians Cut Sharply Washington avail able for civilians in January will be pared sharply below the De cember figure OPA says military demands for rubber have slashed the January allocation of passen ger tires to 1800000 in December Small truck and bus tires to 216 000 from 280000 heavy truck and bus tires to 110000 from 120000 Hung over his shoulders at the clerk as he departed Give me a I have a sick mother At least 2 of the armies commit ted to the German drive were identified as the olh panzer army i and the 7tli infantry army GERMANS MAKE GAINSGerman troops have envel oped Rochefort for their closest approach to the Meuse nver Since the above map was made the nazi forces have out an American wedge hear St Vith mile gain Cincy lies 9 miles from the Meuse and 14 from he jutting of France Cincy and Cedes are 6 miles apart The security news cloak cov ered any further progress these thrusts have made since Sunday night At latest reports a battle was raging inthis general area with the Germans building up forces west of Rochefort and south of Marche The deep Sun day gains came after the invaders had been held almost to a stand4 still for 48 hours 1 Allied planes hit again Tuesday at the German columns and up to neon the 9th tactical air force alone had destroyed 6 laiiks 6 armored vehicles and 235 motor vehicles besides downing 22 ene my planes In the heart of this bulge a surrounded American force sev eral thousand strong fought dog gedly fo hold the important Bel gian road hub of Basiogne after rejecting a surrender ultimatum It is under incessant nazi armor and infantry attacks The whole hope of this isolated force focused to the south where General Eisenhowers counter assault had beaten back up the Arlon road within 5 miles of Bastogne and still was gaining ground The American wedge west of St Vith had kept Field Marshal Karlo von Hundstedts drives split German stabs had veered north of Laroche through to Grandmcnil and Lierneux threatening to cut off Americans dug in on ridges west of St Vith and keeping von Runtistedts assault prongs from merging These forces had to be palled oul in rearguard fighting Ihe last 2 or 3 days supreme headquar ters said and the German junc tion had been formed by Christmas morning There were no reports wheth er this withdrawal was complete ly successful or if some armor and infantry that had held the pocket for almost a week had been left behind The northern line ot the Ger man bulge now runs from north of Rocheforl Jo miles from the Mcusc northeast through Lorche Hotton and Grandmenil then northwest of Lierneux to near Stavelot then 14 miles cast of Bullinger and on to Monschwu in Germany A field dispatch declared von Rundstedt apparently now was socking a breakthrough toward Namur rather than Liege 34 miles northeast of Namur The Germans were more than 30 miles from Namur by Sunday Besides pounding into Rochefort 15 miles from the Meuse German armor and infantry farther south cast also had taken Libramont Only 23 miles from Sedan and 6 from the French border prisoners said the German timetable called for Paris by Jan 17 Even as the German offensive bit deeper into Belgium Ameri cans to the northeast at Duren 20 miles from Cologne had entered Windem 1 miles below Duren Sun day and cleared Obcrnaubach a mile farther down While the huge ground battle in Belgium costly In both sides raged on the eighth air force got in its fourth straight day of at tacks Thousands of German ve hicles and 500 enemy planes have been knocked out by allied flyers since the start of the counter of fensive For the first time the main Ger man pressure in Belgium appeared to be turning from the west where there still were slight gains to the northwest or north A field dispatch dated Monday however said the tide seemed to ;