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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND OES UOIKES A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION WAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS MSD UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 261942 iiiiiir NO 67 FIRING SQUAD KILLS DARLAN SLAYER Nazis Retreat in Russia Tunisia and Libya REDS SCORE 2 15 MILE GAINS TRAP TIGHTENS British Capture Sirte Allied Forces Within 12 Miles of Tunis By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitlers armies fell back Saturday on three great battle fronts in the war in Russia Libya and Tunisia as allied troops were reported to have ad vanced within 12 miles of Tunis and the British army of the Nile captured Sirte after a 180raiie drive if On the soviet front the Ger mans retreated in half a dozen key sectors with the Russians scoring at least two 15mile ad vances and listing 180060 Ger mans killed or captured on the middle Dan steppes alone Dispatches indicated that the plight of nearly 1000000 axis troops faced with entrapment in southern Russia was growing hourly more critical On the North African front British headquarters announced that Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys triumphant British 8th army had captured the port Sirte 180 miles west of the old El Agheila line in pursuit of nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommels broken African corps Sirte lies about 210 miles east of Tripoli the last major axis Has That Morning After Feeling Now Oar troobs occupied Sirte at midday Friday and are in con tact With the enemy who are withdrawing to the west a British war bulletin said British vanguards were re ported to have pushed as far as 70 miles beyond Sirte Simultaneously the Algiers ra dio reported that vanguards of the allied expeditionary forces in Tu nisia had reached a point within 12 miles of Tunis the capital The key town of Tebourba which the allies captured and then lost three weeks ago lies about 12 miles west oE Tunis but there was no immediate specific indication whether that was the point the allies were storming Italian headquarters reported intense activity in Tunisia Earlier reports had said the campaign was bogged down anew in winter rains with the allies clinging fast to a newlycaptured height 30 miles southwest of Tu nis and six miles northeast of MedjezElBab after beating off axis counterattacks French troops driving toward the Gulf of Gabes coast below Tunis were reported to Have advanced within 40 miles of the solf port of Soiisse threatening to cut the land link between German and Italian troops fighting in the BizerleTunis zone alow the northern coast and those in Tripoli While the last days of the year witnessed an everbrighfenmg picture for the allies in North Africa Russias great war ma chine trampled roughshod over the nazis across a 1000mile bat tle line from Velikie Luki in the north to the snowblanketed Nalchik plateau in the deep Cau casus Bulletins from red army head quarters cited the following spec tacular gains achieved by he Rus sians 1 Recaptured 49 settlements and railway stations ns well a dozens of townp in the allim portant middle Don offensive 2 Drove back into the Ukraine in two different sectors north anci west of Millerovo 3 Recaptured one of the bi gest factories in the Stalingrad in dustrial district captured or dc stroyed 19 blockhouses and 5 dugouts and killed 500 German 4 Advanced 15 mites in the stra tegic Kotelnikovski sector 90 mile southwest of Stalingrad capturini eight villages killing 9000 Gcr mans and seizing or dcstroyin 300 tanks 268 planes and 160 gun in a 13day battle 5 Advanced 15 to 18 miles In a threeday push southeast of Nalchik in the Caucasus killing 2000 axis troops since Dec 22 6 Beat off tankled Germai counterattacks in the Velikie Lufc dugouts and blockhouses west o Rzhcv 7 Captured or destroyed at lea Rostov in a thrust to cut off the wholo great mass of Germans fighting in southern Russia the soviet command reported 15860 nazis were killed or captured in the past 24 hours Soviet dispatches pictured Gen eral Vatutins troops as steadily closing in around Millerovo key rail hub 120 miles north of Ros tov One column had reached Gre kove just 10 miles west of Mil lerovo and another column re captured Malchevskaya 10 miles north of the rail city Maj Gen Nikolai Zhuravlev soviet military expert declared in Moscow that Hitler was now con fronted with three desperate prob lems 1To save his armies in the tightening pincers at Stalingrad 2 To prevent nazi forces in the Hzhev district 130 miles north west of Moscow from being com pletely surrounded 3 To halt the Russian offensive sweeping toward Latvia in the Velikie Luki zone l seized huge 822 axis tanks and stores of booty On the middle Don steppe where ColGcn Nikolai F Vatu vmics are driving towan ith transportation difficulties and priorities added to his woes this vear good old Santa Glaus is badly in need of a long rest Here he is back home again after his Christ mas expedition with an icepack on his head and a few headache and nerve remedies close at hand But he did turn in a good job despite the tribulations Beat Off Jap Attacks in Burma Fear Small Boy Taken by Nursemaid ROCK ISLAND III UR Three old Kenneth Morrison was missing Saturday and his parentsfeared that his nurse maid Miss Edna Main 18 for mer mental patient at the Dixon III state hospital may have kid naued him The boy and the maid who had been left with him disappeared Friday night while his parents Mr and Mrs MelvuvE Morrison were visiting at Davenport Mrs Morrison told polite that the girl had a date Friday night but she asked her to break it in order to stay with the boy Morrison and his wife went to see his mother Mrs Eloise Mor rison in Davenport When they arrived the older woman said Miss Main had called and said she was leaving The Morrisons hurried home aniving just before midnight to find both the maid and the child gone Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasional light drizzle mixed with snow Satur day afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon not much change in day low 30 IOWA Rain changing to snow in west portion Saturday after noon and cast portion Saturday night occasional snow Sunday forenoon colder Saturday night and Sunday forenoon and in west portion Saturday after noon fresh to strong winds MINNESOTA Snow north and rain changing to snow south portion Saturday afternoon Much colder Saturday night with cold wave north and west por tions Temepraturc falling lo zero to en below northwest and around zero northeast a n d southwest portions Fresh to moderately strong winds slowly diminishing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 33 Minimum Friday 30 At 8 a m Saturday 33 Rain 15 inches Slippery conditions were caused during the night Friday when rain fell on ice and snow already on the ground YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 25 Precipitation 65 The figures for Friday Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum BRITISH LINES RECEIVE TEST Allied Column Drives Along Bengal Bay Coast By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen Sir Archibald P Wavclls British forces from India were of ficially credited Saturday with beating off two Japanese attacks in the Chill hills in Burma 110 miles northeast of the big Japa nese base at Akyab the target ot another British column driving along the Bay of Bengal coast British headquarters in India said the battle occurred the day before Christmas when the Japa nese attempted to dislodge patrols from positions previously cap tured by the British A communique said Japanese frontal and flanking attacks were repelled with losses to the enemy on both occasions This was the first flare of acti vity reported in the northern hills in some time and indicated that the Japanese were testing out British defense in that area RAF bombers and fighters Prcpipitation 22 8 22 12 27 trace blasted anew at Japanese aircraft at Toungoo airdrome and carried out widespread attacks on other enemy targets in Burma 24 JAP FLAXES AT MUNDA DESTROYED Elsewhere in the Far Pacific American flyers destroyed 24 more Japanese planes at Munda new enemy air base on New Georgia island 170 miles north of Guadalcanal and pounded barges attempting to land reinforcements and supplies Fourteen Japanese planes were shot down out of the skies snd 10 others destroyed on the ground without damage to a single U S plane On the New Guinea front trapped Japanese forces still held out on a milelong sector along the Papuan beach at Buna with American and Australian troops slowly moving in against the enemys strongly fortified de fenses Do Not Identify Overseas Men With Troop Unit On battle fronts every day men risk their lives to dis cover the location and strength of the military units of the enemy Yet at home too many of us are present ing the enemy with informa tion of the same military value the office of censor ship rays in a statement This is the information which newspapers and in dividuals are asked not to tell the enemy Do not tell the names of ships upon which sailors serve Do not fell the troop units in which soldiers serve over seas There is no objection to re vealing that Pvt John Jones is in Australia or that Sea man Tom Brown saw action in the Atlantic but there is mili tary information which en dangers the lives of American fighting men in stating that Pvt John Jones Company C 600th Infantry is in Aus tralia or Seaman Tom Brown aboard the U S S Wiscon sin is in the Atlantic The office of censorship says We ask editors not to publish these troop identifica tions and we osk parents and relatives not to reveal them Dont give the enemy any thing that may lengthen the war FOOD NEEDS OF TROOPS ALLIES ARE FULFILLED Slice Deeply Into Domestic Larder of Americans in 42 WASHINGTON JP Feeding the fighting men overseas and putting some food on the tables of our needy allies has sliced deeply into the nations domestic larder this year a checkup on Ameri cas foodstuff shipments for 1942 revealed Saturday To the average housewife con fronted with many a shortage on her shopping trips it meant thai she was giving her neighbors across the seas aproximately the equivalent of Onethird of her bacon and other pork products onefifth of her beef and veal two out of each dozen eggs and an ounce from eacli pound of butter and cheese and a small glassfull from each quart of milk And the fact that one ot the g i r I o v c r there eating with the neigh bors couldnt prevent that from meaninff smaller portions for the folks at home Government buying for Jencl lease shipment to our allies and fpr the armed services toot just about those proportions from food available for civilians in 1942 Some of the lendlcasc food was made available to our soldiers stationed abroad There are shortages of other foodsxjnthis other factors than shipments to bur al lies and purchases for the armed services figure in them Lendlease shipments have gone principally to Russia and Great Britain including shipments to Malta the British forces in North Africa and garrisons at othei points around the world Food lias or soon will be sent to Nortii Africa for the civilian population S if if In the first war CS per cent of food shipments were srain and grain products To day we have a surplus of wheat but the shipping situation calls for less bulky highly nutritive foods X From April 1941 through last September shipments were di vided ns follows Dairy products IG per cent pork products 24 pel cent grains 20 per cent The re maining 40 per cent included eggs fruits vegetables fats oils fare not included in pork products canned fish and vitamin concen trates It is difficult to break dowi government purchases betweei the armed services and lend lease Then too figures on ship ments or purchases can be mis leading DeGaulle May COUNCIL MEETS Declare for Tn uyr yCUJ French Unity U NAHIt NtW LONDON Gen Charles do Gaulle may formally declare him self for unity among all proallied French elements if Gen Henri Giraud is appointed successor to Admiral Jean Dnrlan ns head of French North Africa persons fa iar with the Fighling French voders policies said Friday night De Gaulle one of those who disapproved most strongly the arrangement by which the as sassinated French admiral look over African colonial leadership remained silent on Darlahs slay ing and on the possible devel opments his death may bring in proallied French circles Detecting Axis Mines on Desert Two British engineers with land mine detecting equipment advance to clear the way tor pursuit of axis forccsin African desert Both IcndIcasc and the mili tary authorities must build up re serves of foods in warehouses ii advance of shipments in ordc not to keep vessels waiting Hence some of the purchases ma never leave the country Here however are some figure on actual deliveries to shipside in 1942 all figures in Butter 8440117 cheese 246 688161 dried 107061536 shell eggs 2589120 dry skim mi k 104387325 evaporated milk 303644802 condensed milk dried whole milk 2557 G77 meat fish and fowl 957878 870 fruits 403053207 grain an cereal 710847314 lard fats nni oils 561823687 other foods 598 305801 Here arc the estimated total gov ernment requirements of meal milk and eggs in 1942 as compared with production j Meat Gi billion pounds out of 22 billion milk 7 billion out of 120 billion pounds eggs 77792000 dozen out of 4576000000 dozen Othershortage causes include the heavier eating habits of the five pounds a day compared with the civilians four pounds And the soldier cals twice as much of meat and dairy prod ucts and onethird more of eggs and other proteins In Beni dispatches said some saw Darlans death as bearing away principal obstacle n tlie path of dc Gaulles follow rs They said however that much apparently depended on the clcntity and motives o the as sassin and that possible he act might even widen the di isioh among French elements In one broadcast the German attributed the assassination to he British and Paul Schmidt icacl of the foreign press section of the German foreign office was quoted by the Vichy radio as say ng When two allies such ns America and Britain can only set lle their political differences b murder we cannot but rejoice At Dakar in French West Africa given over bloodlessly to the allies through Darlans in fluence news of the assassina tion saddened many supporters o the French admiral who hat warmly welcomed him on a visi there several weeks ago German broadcasts sought to make capital of the assassina tion using it in an effort to create a rift between Amcri cans and British Berlin broadcasts said the Pari press was unanimous in chatgin the British intelligence servici with responsibility for Darlan death The admirals dying words tin reported from any other source were said by the nazicoiitrolle Paris papers lo have been Ther is nothing more for me lo do Britain has reached its objective CHARLES DE GAULLE make sliitcnici Montgomery Elected Iowa Miner President DES MOINES fJi Charles Montgomery of DCS Moines is the new president of the Iowa district United Mine Workers of America it was announced David G Crowe of Albia was reelected vice president and Car M lohn son of DCS Moines was chosen secretarytreasurer Frank n Wil son of Albia was reelected in ternational board member FRENCH CHIEF Assassin Reported to Be French Youth With Mother in Italy BULLETIN WASHINGTON tary of State Cordell Hull des cribing the assassination of Admiral Jean Darlan as an odious and cowardly act said Saturday that the all important consideration now is that we be not diverted for a moment from Ihc supreme objective of ffainiiiff control of the African continent LONDON reported from Algiers that a firing squad to death Saturday morning he 22 year old assassin of Admiral Jean Dnrlan quickly carrying out the sentence of a court martial for the Christmas cvc slaying The assassin previously had been lo face the firing squad at dawn CBS Correspondent Charles Jollingwood also reported to Wcw York that the sentence of death had been executed Neither the name nor the mo tive of the assassin as yet had been divulged He was described however as of French nationality with an Italian mother still living in Italy Jollingwood said Darlans fu neral was hold with considerable military ceremony Saturday morn ing and was attended by the high est allied officers including Lieut Generals Dwight D Eisenhower and Mark Clark who stood with Mme Darlan around the cof fin atter the services in the Algiers cathedral as American British and French troops marchedpasfv The body which Had lain in slate in the fort of Ihc government palace was moved into a chapel where it now lies he said Believe Path to Unity Is Cleared ALGIERS Imperial council named by the late Admiral Jean Darlan was called Saturday to choose his successor as high commissioner oL the French Afri can colonies The Morocco radio said all five surviving members of Darlans imperial council would be present at the meeting to pick a successor They are Gen Jean Marie Bergcr ct Gen Henri Honore Giraud and the three governorsgeneral ol French North and West Africa Pierre Boisson ot West Africa Yves Chatcl of Algeria and Au guste Nogucs of Morocco Police powers in French North Africa were taken over Friday by Gen Henri Honore Giraud French military commander now regarded as one of the possible successors to Darlan political leadership in Hie colonial empire The connequciKCs of this violent removal or Darlan whoic assump tion ot African colonial leadership brought bitter protests fiom di vided French factions and other quarters still were unclear It ap vearcd however that the way now was open for greater unity amonR the French fighting beside he allies Gen Jean Marie Bcrgerct close associate of the dead admiral urged ail Frenchmen to unite for the only fight that liberation of France New Taunt1918 LONDON Brit ton the BBC broadcaster who led the V sign campaign which net Christmas Cheer Fund Total Hits With the last precincts heard from Saturday morning the 1942 Christmas Cheer Fund cash and up to the 5286394 mark Of this amount S234531 was in cash and S31863 was represented by mer chandise This total is within S150 of the amount raised last year when some 600 packosnacks were sent to Cerro Gordo county boys in uniform The final con tributions to be included in this years fund follow FREVIOVSIV ncronirn tied the Germans for months adj v vocates now the use ot the symbol frj V 1918 to taunt the nazis Briltoal urged his listeners in Gormancc cupicd countries Friday night lol GII1 chalk up the figures on wails say itriiy sLoti ing they would be a reminder n n to the Germans of their tradition i nf riofoiT Dick anri An 01 acicai P11 lnd like 11EXFU GIRAUD Commander ;