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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, December 24, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH AH I NE DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 24 1945 NO 65 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE RGLO Mason City Sunday pt m WO1 Ames Tuesday p m WSU1 Iowa City Wednesday p m WTAD Quincy 111 Friday p m KSCJ Sioux City Saturday p m The Split Atom and World Government THUMBING through my news paper exchanges the other day I came across these signifi cantparagraphs in ail editorial dealing with the atomic bomb Tapping the energy locked up In the atom may accomplish in finite good for the human it we last Ions enough to learn t how to handle it And we shall if we can concentrate brains upon the problem as good as or maybe better than those which wrested the secret from nature Indeed if we are smart enough to do it the atomic bomb may be a weaponto destroy not mankind but war itself It will do just that If all of us are as badly scared as we should be The views expressed in these quoted paragraphs provide me with the theme of this coramen rj tary I want to visit with you about the implications of those 2 bomb bursts over hastened the end of 1f this war and threw into the lap of civilization the greatest problem ft in history M conclusion be thatthej release ofatomic energy is an unanswerable argument for a worldgovernment in which the constituent nations including our own will be subject to about the same authority restraints as pre vail in our own country as be tween the individual states and our federal government When Wendell WHlkie hinted at this in his One World book he was cited as a dreamer by those not impressed by his pic ture of a small round and shrink ing world Minnesotas Harold Stassen too was set down as starryeyed when lie translated the Willkie concept Into specific terms His proposal was that the American plan of feileralization should be expanded to worldwide dimensions Academic objections were raised to the WillkieStassen proposals Some said the world just wasnt ready for any such revolutionary step Others contended that the United States couldnt stand for any such curtailment of national sovereignty Full answer to these academic objections was contained in those 2 atomic bomb bursts Its clear beyond mistaking that the weapon which we spawned will bring our own destruction unless we do something about it TTS shortsighted stupidity of course to toy with the idea that we can keep the atomic bomb secret The principle in volved is already known to the entire scientific world There Is universal agreement among scientists that any major theyre thinking spe cifically of have an atomic bomb at least as powerful as ours within a limited period of time Some say 1 year some say 5 others say 10 or 15 The only disagreement is on the lime requirement The most we could get out of a policy of secrecy would be a limited period of grace And then what A world on needles and pins from now how far development had gone in the competing nations in the field of atomic bombs For one thing its a recognized fact that in our own bombs only l1000th of the power potential was drawn from the little lumps of uranium and Plutonium over Hiroshima and Nagasaka TVed be wondering if the Russians had done better than this Can anybody estimate the neu rotic effect upon mens minds liv ing under such conditions as that The dispersal of industry and widespread resort to living under ground would take on a real plausibility The sword of Damo cles would be swinging over us at all times rpHEN theres the added fact that the atomic bomb by its very nature tends to give all the advantage to the aggressor na tion If Hitler could have had it he almost could have Continued on PaEC 2 C47 Crashes A fter Long Hop STOCKINGS WERE HUNG BY THE CHIMNEY WITH 9 oclock and all is well as little curly top stands on a chair in front of the fireplace to make a final inspection of the stocking she has craftily nailed up for Santa Glaus to fill with surprises Highways Open Trains Still Running Despite Ice Snow North Iowa received its snow for Christmas Eve but the storm which struck Sunday evening was not bad enough to stop traffic on rails and highways Monday All highways were reported open in North Iowa according to the state highway commission South of No 6 the highways are icy but in North Iowa most of the pavement is bare except for occa sional packed snow The Jefferson Transportation company reported buses were run ning practically on schedule although traffic is heavy The bus from the south was late not due to the storm biit from a combination of heavy traffic and icy highways The Winnebago Lines buses left on schedule Monday morn ing and the Mason City Motor Coach reported city buses run ning on schedule Although not affected by the storm railroads were slowed up by heavy traffic The Milwaukee station room Road reported its train west Sun day morning could not accom modate all passengers and for the firsttime in the history of the road passengers were left at the because there was no Traffic on railroads was begin ning to ease off now Friday and Saturday being crowded on all roads AH railroads into Ma son City reported trains running practically on time The Iowa State Safety patrol reported no accidents over the weekend although visibility was poor Sunday night For the first time in several days the mercury began to climb and 20 degrees above zero was reported Monday morning State highway patrol road con dition reports as of a m Mon day Chinese Reds Urge Date for U S to Leave Chungking communist New China Daily News urged General Marshall Monday to set a time limit on the disarmament of Japanese troops in China and the withdrawal sf American French Government to Recognize Tito Paris French govern ment has decided to recognir Marshal Titos Yugoslav regime but formal recognition has no yet been extended the ministr of information said Monday soon this would be done was no disclosed Cheer Fund Hits Total of PREVIOUSLY REPORTED H L It tinkers Iluys Vtiysical Tcaitiii SeniorHigh School Jim CaldMell Government Employes 200 JHM General Patton Is Buried Amid Graves of His Heroes Luxembourg George S Patton Jr was buried Mon day amid the graves of many of his 3rd army heroes in the United States army cemetery at Hamm 5 miles east of Luxembourg Representatives of 8 nations whose victory Gen Pulton had helped win or whose freedom he had helped regain were in the cortege which wound through the crowded streets of this little capital on the way to the cemetery Pattons body was guarded by troops of the mighty 3rd army which he had led in smashing down Germanys fierce counter drive out of the Ardennes across Luxembourg just a year ago Mrs Patton accompanied the procession and stood beside her husbands grave during the mili tary ceremony The generals body arrived at the Luxembourg station before dawn from Heidelberg by special train which passed through Mainz and Saarbrucken and across the scarred battlefields of Metz and Thionville scenes of Pattons vic tories Crowds of Luxemboureers had gathered around the station and lined the streets leading cast from the city by the murks rainspat tered daybreak to pay last tribute to the commander they had made an honorary citizen Special military police Metx were on up Sunday night from France because all United States military installa tions have been moved out of little Luxembourg In the funeral cortege were representatives of France Russia Britain The Netherlands Yugo slavia Belgium Czechoslovakia and Italy Led by Prince Felix the highest officials of Luxembourg were at the cemetery for the burial With the prince were the prime minis ter and members of the cabinet the chairman of the house of rep resentatives the bishop of Luxem bourg and representatives of the councilof state the court of jus j lice and officials of the city of GHOST PLANE FLIES ALONE ON 1000 MILE HOP Crew Bails Out in Nebraska Airplane Crashes in Ohio Chillieothe Ohio air force officials Monday began investigation of the crash of a C 47 transport plane which piled up in a field 12 miles of here Sunday night after flying ap proximately 1000 miles without a crew The plane was abandoned by its G man crew near Dwighl Ncbr at from 1 Luxembourg at Dtck Xavy Mothers Relief Fund Rarry and Ronnie Orcutt Clftar Lake Local Union Journeymen Plumb ers and Steam Fitters Monroe Junior High p T A Jay and Gaeann Lee Beverly Kay Lewis Hgnnie and Gayle Evans Spirit Lake Freeman Ladies Aid John Gillard 500 5IH1 200 THE TOTAI forces The newspaper asserted tliat Central 20 Light freezing drizzle falling light fog some drifting highways cov ered with ice hills and curves be ing sanded 17 to 21 Overcast highways covered with packed snow slippery except the Dubuque area highways al most normal drifting in spots N o r t h w e s IT Light freezing mist highways generally icy Sioux City area visibility limited 5 o n t h w e s 20 Overcast light freezing mist high ways icy most hills and curves sanded 15 to i any American help o Chungking political financial or a coalition gov ernment was established would aggravate the current civil war The statement of the newspaper which has been speaking authori tatively for the communist side came at a time when Marshall was plunging into his mission of peace for troubled China After conferring with Chiang KaiShek Premier T V Soong and 3 communist leaders of the peace delegation assigned here Marshall had admitted It will be some time before I can hope to get a picture of China This statement by President Trumans special envoy to China coupled with government suspi cion of a communist truce pro posal strengthened doubt that the civil war would be halted quick ly The communists had suggest ed immediate cessation of hostil ities and freezing of troops in freezing fog highways icy present positions mean government This forces would would halt their movement into Man churia Marshall said it was unneces sary to restate Americas policy toward China as President Tru man had made that clear THE WORLDS BEST BUY 15 to i Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours I 22 Light freezing mist visibility i this week Bring the boys home Precipitation i threefourths mile highways icy and fizht inflation Snowfall Weather Report FORECAST Sfason City Light rain and sleet mixed with snow changing to snow Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy No important change in temperature Lowest Monday night 1520 Iowa Snow and sleet with some freezing drizzle north and freez ing rain or drizzle south Monday night causing light glaze north arid moderate glazing south Tuesday cloudy west and occa sional freezing rain or snow east Slowly rising temperatures Monday Minnesota Cloudy Monday and Tuesday with snow Monday night and in extreme east por tion Tuesday forenoon Addi tional snow accumulating 5 to 8 inches southeast portion No decided change in temperature Moderately strong easterly winds Monday night and Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 21 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Monday 20 Precipitation 12 Snow iii in YEAR AGO Maximum 14 Minimum 7 below GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum ORAXO TOTAL 1111141 AMOUNT OVER GOAL 31141 HEN THE 1945 C H R ISTMAS CHEER FUND came formally to a close at noon Monday the total had mounted to This was 531141 more than the amount asked for when the annual solicitation got under way a little less than 3 weeks ago The funds record of never having failed to reach goal is still clear The offices of the Social Welfare league Saturday and Monday were just about the busiest places in a busy town Miss Doris Bruce secretary and her associates were trying their hardest to see that no needy homes were forgotten Spe cial emphasis was placed on the families of service men All were pleased too with the prospect that with the balance over goal it would be possible to stretch Christmas into the months ahead for many a home The ex tra money will be used to provide little niceties not ordinarily on the fare of unfortunate homes Again everybody connected with the fund in the raising and in the administration takes occasion to thank all who have had a part in its grand success 4 Nations on Drafting of Italy Treaty London Moscow ra dio said Monday that the Big 3 foreign ministers had agreed that the conditions of the peace treaty with Italy would be drafted by the foreign ministers of the United States Britain Rus sia and France The end of the big 3 foreign ministers conference is in sight in formed sources said Monday and good news may be expected to be announced The informants stated that ac complishments had heen achieved and probably would be announced simultaneously in Moscow Lon don and Washington Although the conference has reached its final stage both U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes and British Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevin will be in Moscow until Christmas morning at least it was said Meanwhile it was reliably re ported that Russia had not been let in on any secrets about the atomic bomb although the foreign ministers were said to have dis cussed the United StatesBritish Canadian policy on world control of atomic energy FORT DODGE MAN SAW Gl BEATING Fort Dodsc John R Atwcll would be happy to return to Japan where he was a pris oner of war 33 years to testify against Tatsuo Tsuchiya Little Glass defendant in the first war crimes trial in Japan he said Monday His testimony apparently isnt p making m CST white it was routine training flight needed Little guard Glass Eye who was a L the Mitsusbima prison camp is charged with the fatal beatinff of ftc Robert Gordon Teas of Streafor 111 Atwell said he sasv the guard administer the beatings that re sulted in Teas death and was himself the object of Little Glass Eyes brutality for 17 months He declared Tsuchiya began beating Teas with a knotted rope for unsatisfactorily answerini questions about a shirt the Ameri can was wearing The beatings continued for 5 days until Teas died Atwell said Atwcll also accused Tsuchiya of forcing an American prisoner to stand naked in the snow un til he died of exposure He said the guard on one occasion beat him 3 times in a day for maki a cap out of a scrap of cloth and beat him on one pretense or an other at every weekly inspection for 17 months from Denver Colo to Lincoln Ncbr army air field It crashlanded on the farm of Milton McCutcheon near Bourne villc Ohio at about p m after a pilbnessTligTitof about 4 hours Several persons living near the McCutcheon firm said they heard the plane flying overhead then heard it clip some trees and crasls S B Mark Ross county sheriff was notified and lie immediately called airforce authorities at Lockbourne field Columbus A military guard was sent and placed around the wreckage The plane was found near an uninhabited house on the McCut chcon farm with a wiiiff and mo tor apparently torn off when it hit the trees Sheriff Mark thinking that the crew might have parachuted somewhere in the vicinity organ zcd a searching party The G crewmen of the plane es caped serious injury when they were forced to bail out of the plane The flyers suffered only minor bruises in landing Worried air force officials at Lincoln air field were trying all night to locate the ship They had been notified that the plane was flying without a crew Crew members told officials that the plane became uncontrol lable when ice formed on the wines anil they were forced to jump at about a m This was approximately 4i hours before the crash here They said that when they left the ship it was flying at about flOOO feet headed northwest and with fuel left for about 8 hours of flying Air force officials at Lock bourne field said that evidently the plane had been put on auto matic pilot as was customary in sucn cases 16 minus 2 15 2 minus S 07 1 inch Belsians in Germany Brussels e 1 g i a n War Minister Leo Mundeleer said Monday that Belgian and Dutch troops would occupy territory in Germany early next spring The territory to be occupied has not yet been decided Reminder As previously announced there will be no issue of the GlobeGazette under date of Dec Christmas day An extra set of comics is being used in this paper as a matter of preserving the contin uity of the stories 1000 MILE CREWLESS FLIGHT the fuselage remains partly intact after this C47 army transport crash fancied late Sunday night 12 miles west of Chillieothe Ohio without its crew The plane flew 1000 miles alone after the crew parachuted to safety over Dwight Nebr Iowa AP Wirephoto K A etigr ;