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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 23, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E T ason THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII1 F1VS CENiS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 23 1936 THIS PAPtm CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 67 WARNING ON BLOCS Buchanan Fears Split in Forces of Democrats By CHARLES P STEWART I T ASHINGTON CPA From a party poli ticians stand point C o n gressman James P Buchanan of the huge ma jority on Cap itol Hill recent ly sounded a very timely warning to his fellow demo crats against permitting their alignment to split into blocs As one of the oldest members of the house of representatives and chairman of its premier commit tee appropriations the Texas lawmaker speaks with a deal of authority More than twothirds the leg islators seats are occupied by statesmen professing the Lons Star veterans own JeEfersonian It is this onesided division that Buchanan fears Fear of Blocs His fear is that the dominant re organization swollen with power though he did not use exactly that will be intoler ant of the wishes not only of the republican minority but of spe cial groups within its own ranks One small disgruntled bloc of this sort may not matter so much But as small blocs multiply they have a tendency to form alliances among themselves And presently the combined blocs perhaps toot up a pretty formidable total Oc casionally they become so strong as to constitute a balance of power between the nominal majority and the nominal minority G O Experience The republicans had this ex perience when they were topdog It was more conspicuous in the compacter senate than in Ih house of representatives The G O P had more than an adequate senate majority but it was a majority which included a coterie of progressives whom the jinain body cori temptuously as it poohpobhed the democrats Thus poohpoohed by republicanism in due course the progressives became practically a third party The G O P continued to have a paper majority but on a vote the re publican progressives were as likely as not to join the democrats beating regular republicanism A Democratic Habit Heversing the situation this is what Congressman Buch anan wisely intimates that he fears speaking as a democrat politicians both parties rec ognize that the democrats ave more subject to disunion than the republicans For example In 1928 the democrats were so split up that they were licked seven ways for Sunday Many good judges said that the party was wrecked permanently At that time the late Speaker Joseph W Byrns was chairman of the seemingly hopelessly beat en democratic congressional com mittee Always Arc Split Whats tlic reason I asiced him that the democrats always ave split and the republicans al ways are solid on election day no matter how much republican quarreling there may have been between times The reason said Joe Byrns is that we democrats have prin ciples But among us our prin ciples clash We have southern democratic principles and north ern democratic principles And other miscellaneous principles But each group has principles and they vote varyingly The republicans have no prin to win They Stick Together they may fight over the spoils but they are unit in their determination to get the then fight over cm if to get em on election day Of course republicanism wont cpncur in this diagnosis I speak only of Congressman Buchanans warning It is not addressed to republi cans anyway only to his own party There are statesmen who be lieve more or less in bloc legis lation TCelftr to Blocs I have heard exCongressman George Huddleston of Alabama beaten for renomination but one of the ablest lawmakers who ever sat in Washington refer favor ably to the bloc system It means he says a comming ling and recommingling of groups alternatively as conditions representa tive government from epoch to epoch But that is not what partisan politicians want To heck will principles they want party solidarity SENATE PASSES JOB INSURANCE Three Day Armistice Halts Chinas Civil War WIFE OF CHIANG AND DR SOONG MAKE REQUEST Proposal to End Hostilities Follows Nanking Report of Victory NANKING three day armistice halted Chinas civil war Wednesday at the urgent request of Mme Chiang KaiShek and her brother Dr T V Soong after their flight to Sianfu to rescue the national governments captive leader Shortly after Generalissimo Chiangs wife and her brother ar rived at Marshal Chang Hsueh Liangs rebel stronghold Dr Soong telegraphed Nanking ask ing for a cessation of hostilities After a hasty conference with other nationalist leaders Dr H H Kung acting civil head of the gov ernment granted an armistice un til Dec 25 Victory Is Reported The proposal to end hostilities came on the heels of a reported strategic victory for the Nanking troops of the punitive expedition pressing to rescue Chiang Aid for the rebellion was seen in reports that Marshal Chang had effected an alliance with commun ist leaders further to the north west and was actively cooperat ing with them The young marshal was said to have flown 200 miles to Sufhin important city of northern Shensi province for a conference with communist leaders bringing one Sianfu to grietMme Dr Soong Unofficial Emissaries The telegram from the unoffi cial emissaries was the first word since their plane nosed into the fog over the Yangtse river valley Tuesday for the flight to Sianfu Officials refused to comment on the sudden development or on Dr Soongs terse telegram which gave no details of conditions at Mar shal Changs headquarters ZEROlVEATHER FOR CHRISTMAS Temperatures to Take Big Slide Thursday Snow Flurries Seen DES MOINES day travelers will make their journeys in nearzero tempera tures the weather bureau fore cast Wednesday After rising to far above nor mal Wednesday night tempera tures will take a rapid slide and by Christmas morning will be down close to zero weather offi cials said Snow flurries and cloudy skies over the entire state also were forecast for Christmas A brief mild spell warmed Iowa Wednesday sending temper atures into the high but a wind shift to the northwest by Thursday night will blow in mucl colder marks Skies were clear over the state today Charles City reported 22 degrees for the coldest mark dur ing the last 24 hours William H Blank Dies INDEPENDENCE H Blank 70 vice president of the Farmers State Savings bank died suddenly of a heart attack Funer al services will be Thursday af ternoon Anton Leiser Dies DUBUQUE Leiser 81 president of the eastern Iowa Illinois Saengerbund died at his home here late Tuesday night BUY CHRISTMAS 5EANS HANG UP STOCKINGS Unionization for Entire Motor Industry Sought Collective Bargaining Goal of Automobile Workers DETROIT IP The United Automobile Workers of America announced as its goal the signing of collective bargaining agree ments with every unit in the motor industry from the smallest manu facturer parts to the big three Ford and General Motors We are going to have collective bargaining in all of the auto in dustry said Homer Martin inter national president of the union and we wont give up until we have it By federal legislation col lective bargaining is the law of the land and it is substantiated by public opinion Hight now we are trying to arrange negotiations with the General Motors corporation We are going to organize Ford too General Motors and Ford do not have collective bargaining Relations Satisfactory Our relations with the Chrys ler corporation have been vciy satisfactory Martin said There has not been a single case of union discrimination or discharge there Chrysler along with many others evidently is seeking to abide by the law and play fairly The unions objective is to es tablish collective bargaining agreements throughout the auto motive industry in the United States This announcement came as ex ecutives of automobile and related industries watched ap prehensively the effect strikes in several parts plants on car and truck production Ashort ng from walkouts called by the fed eration of flat glass workers and the U A W curtailed the opera tion of assembly lines in several motor plants and threatened fur ther inroads on motor car produc tion unless the disputes are settled soon Ford Took Steps The Ford Motor company triolc steps to make its own brake parts These formerly were supplied by the KelseyHayes company in whoso two Detroit plants sit down strikes called by the United Automobile Workers are in effect Ford officials notified the Kel seyHayes management that it was instituting replevin proceedings to obtain equipment which the Ford company owns but which has been used at the parts factories They said the machinery would be plac ed in operation at the Ford fac tory George W Kennedy president of KelseyHayes said his plants would be reopened as soon as the strikers leave and the minimum wage will be 75 cents an hour The union workers seek wage increas es and adjustment of overtime rates Recognition of the union as the collective bargaining agency of the workers has been another de mand in the strikes in the parts plants and also in General Motors subsidiary plants at Kansas City and Atlanta Career at End Presidents Son to Spend Christmas in Hospital in Boston BOSTON D Roosevelt Jr son of the president learned Wednesday he would cel ebrate Christmas in the Massa chusetts General hospital instead of in the white house Dr George Lpring Tobcy Jr his physician indicated a few days ago that young Roosevelt recov ering from throat and sinus in fections would be able to leave the hospital Thursday But today Dr Tobey said that while his patient had shown great improvement he believed it un wise to allow him to go to Wash ington He said thr young man would have his Christmas dinner and celebration in the hospital SIMEON D FESS FORMER OHIO SENATOR DIES Fess Succumbs at Hotel in Washington Soon After His Arrival WASinNGTONrOTli Simean D Fess 75 year old former Sen ator from Ohio died unexpectedly of a heart attack in a hotel room here Wednesday a short while af ter he had arrived from Cleve land Coming here to sisit his child ren during the holidays Fess who was defeated when he sought a third term in the senate in 1934 was seated on a bed talking on the telephone Suddenly he collapsed and was dead when a physician reached him A secrelary Mrs Margaret L Walsh was with the Ohioan She immediately summoned n son Charles S Fess who lives in the capital Word Spreads Quickly Word of Fess death spread quickly Speaker B a n U h c a d shocked at the news said he was deeply distressed as he had long appreciated the former senators fine qualities and courageous convictions on public questions Fess a republican and outspok en critic the Roosevelt adminis tration was first elected to the house of representatives where he served for ten years He was elected to the senate in 1022 anc remained there until 1934 when he was defeated by Senator Vic Donahey Commenting on the death of his former political rival Donahey said Wednesday Will Be nfoiirncd The death Simeon Fess wil be deeply mourned by Ohio peo ple He gave his best in every un dertaking and followed the bes lighthe could obtain He was my friend and I always spoke of him as a grand old plan Since his retirement from the senate Fess had been writing a history of Ohio and had spen much time in Washington It was after serving six year as president of Antioch college Yellow Springs Ohio that Fes entered the political field and rosi rapidly through party ranks In 192B he delivered the keynote ad dress at he convention whicl nominated Herbert Hoover for thi presidency Fess then was namec chairman of the republican na tional committee Michigan Special Session Approves Job Insurance Act LANSING Midi Michigan legislature meeting in special session enacted an unem ployment insurance law Wednes day after deliberating all night Senate and house fought over the provision for a one per cent tax on employes the senate for itthe house against it The house finally prevailed and the act contains no tax on em ployes Report That Lost Airliner Was Seen Proves Unfoundec LOS ANGELES Air Express officials said Wed nesday the report its lost transpor was seen making a forced landing about 12 miles northwest of St George Utah Dec 15 proved un founded M D Tallcy Los Angeles tur key buyer really anairplane in that vicinity but it was one oi the searching planes and was piloted by Jimmy James Western Air officials said The transport plane with seven persons aboard has been missing eight days BASIS OF PEACE AT CONFERENCE Roosevelt Dream Realized at Least in Part at Buenos Aires By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS President Roosevelts dream of d western hemisphere of nations moving toward permanent peace standing shoulder to shoulder against foreign aggression and sledged against a war of conquest found realization at least in part n the interAmerican peace con ference which ended Wednesday The Buenos Aires parley hrough G9 projects laid the foun dation for strengthening the American peace structure provid ng for joint consultation if general American peace is threatened from within or without noninterven ion by one American country in anothers affairs and removal of some of the horrors of warfare The representatives of the 21 American republics put into con crete form the general proposals laid down by President Roosevelt in his notes to the other Ameri can republics last January and in Ills address at the opening of the liistowc conference Dec I Minor Stumbling Blocks Argentinas insistence on nol completely severing her bonds with her mother continent Eur ope and the United States policy of remaining aloof from European entanglements proved only minor stumbling blocks and difficulties Seven major projects for Bol stering the American peace setup won unanimous approval and an eighth had the sanction of all bu the United States which re Trained from voting because the proposal was linked to the league of nations The seven peace measures are 1 A United States plan fo joint consultation among the American nations if peace in the new world is threatened from abroad or from within 2 A United Slates resolution to ratification of five existing American peace treaties by nations which have not made them effec tive To CnOrdinatc Treaties 3 A United States project to co ordinate these treaties and pro vide for consultation to decide on a common neutrality policy i war occurs anywhere 4 A protocol to the pact ap proved by the 1933PanAmorican conference at Montevideo Uru guay declaring intervention by one America country in anothers affairs is inadmissible 5 A Central American recom mendation for solidarity among tile American republics It pro vides for consultation if the rights of any American state are dam aged prohibits territorial con quest intervention and collection of debts by force declares all dis agreements among American re publics must be submitted to ar bitration and expresses the lega equality of all the American re publics Bilatnral Agreements i A Chilean recommcndatioi for negotiation of bilateral arms limitation agreements 7 A Uruguayan resolution de nouncing use of poison gas liquic fire and bacteria in warfare The peace proposal to which th United States declined to adhen provided that nonmembers of the league of nations which signed thi KelloggBriand antiwar agree ment and the Argentine antiwa pact of 1933 cooperate with tin league in its attempts to prcvcn and end wars Unanimously Approved A major economic recommen dation which won unanimous ap proval of the delegates was that o the United States for lowering tar iff barriers and giving all the Am erican republics equal trade op portunities There were many resolutions foi the spread of peace propaganda for improving cultural relation among the American republics and for clarifying and compiling the facts of interAmerican Inter national law One general resolution left tin door open for Canadalo sign th conventions approved by the par ley if she wishes Resignation Is Received DES MOINES Clyd L Herring Wednesday rcceivec the resignation of E W McManu as relief administrator for soutl Lee county The governor said h has not yet decided on a succcs 3heer Fund Just Short of Its Goal Reported 57U1UI roop I Sirl lr Lnrions Class 1reshyterian Sunday School ififi Ir and Mrs unit EpentUnl It a k I n R Comiiany lilt ami mil Vovel Club he Merkel Company anil Seventh Grade II civs Plymouth M K Schunl A Uiax Tuialala Club rrleVan NCJJS Company No Name onyrntnis KritJid Best Wishes for Sncress Domhoiver HnrtUvare Bit of Christmas Cheer iSrcRjitinti Adas Israel Tliompson and Dean Smart Appitrel W S Wilcox the Court House Fcrteral Clothinr Compnny InbeGaTicttc Kniployes Ycllauil tt IlnTirs on ion lit III 3 ID VIHI luuu New Tolal Ueceilits Nerded lo Hcacb Coal 5 f1lll O U R E always safe w hen you stake your confi dence in the heart of Mason City From standing start three weeks ago the Christmas Cheer fund has been run up to within a hundrec dollars of the set as a minimum goa for insuring against a cheerless Yuletide in any Mason City home Who doubt that last minute donations will see the gap closed About the busiest place in Ma son City this week is the office p Bfaise adrmriistrat of this Christmas Cheer Fund With her helpers she has been en gaged in checking specific needs in the underprivileged homes of the community and trying to suppl the materials needed food cloth ing toys and other things For this task was set a the minimum Twice this mucl would not be loo much Nobody therefore should be dissuaded from giving in the thought that there s no need for go ing over the top Every cent given in this cause will perform a useful function Be as sured of that One Mason City reader c a 1 1 ed Wednesday fore noon to express a belief that Gods blessing Is upon With God all things are possi ble she quoted Cannot God se a table in the wilderness Wha cannot God do Failure she helc to be unthinkable And so do we A contribution especially grat ifying to those connected with thi fund is that oE from tin employes of the GlobeGazette in the business news press circula tion and custodian departments Earlier the composing room war ers gnve and the compan contributed making the tola gift from this office suggest ing a belief in our own product Only a few hours remain ii which to do your part in this un derlaking Are you on the honor roll this cause Two Truckloads of Christmas Mail for Former British Kins EN7ESFELD Austria truckloads of Christmas mail ar rived Wednesday for Edward Duke of Windsor although was represented as wishing only that the world would forget him So great was the interest o Enzesfeldcrs in he mail and s devious their efforts to get th stamps that it was announced th envelopes would be dcstroyec immediately after they were opened in the castle of the Baron and Baroness de Rothschild when Edward was a guest White to Contest Result of Recoun SPIRIT LAKE F White said Wednesday he w contest the action of the recoun board which declared Mrs Vir ginia Bedell winner of the Dickin son county attorneys office The board named Mrs Bedell I the office Tuesday by a margin o votes White said he will appea on the grounds that valid ballol for him were thrown out in th recount LOOK INSIDE FOR HAURY L HOPKINS Relief Head Reported in Threat to Resign ON PAGE 2 Preps Lose Trojans in Victory at Local Court ON PAGE Pair to Face Robbery Counts at New Hampton ON PAGE 8 Campbell NewPresident ON PAGE 14 APPROVES BILL 471 AND HOUSE DEBATE Lower Body Receives Acts on Other Subjects May Delay Adjournment DES MOINES Iowa enate Wednesday passed and sent o the house an unemployment ompensation bit to provide bene its for any of an estimated 250 00 lowans who might losetheiv obs The senate vote on the measure vas 17 to 1 The no vote was ast by Senator George Patterson of Burl The house might now some louse members said try to com plete its action on the biil to ad ourn the special legislative ses ion late Wednesday or early Thursday At the same time however ob tacles were arising in the house vhich some believed might slalc nate the special session until aft r Christmas Ilcferrcd o Committee First of these was the introdiic ion a bill to repeal the per capita tax for support of old age pensions Introduced as the house BILL IS PASSED IN MINNESOTA Job Insurance Approved by State Legislature in Special Session ST PAUL Minnesota legislature mccling in special scs sion early Wednesday passed ai unemployment insurance bill It comply with the federal Socia Security law Both the house and senate ap proved a conference committee re port after lengthy debate calling for contributions from of eight or more persons for 1031 and all employers beginning in 1937 The measure now goes k Gov Ifjalmar Peterson for signn lure and then to Washington fo approval of the Social Secuiitj board Trotzky to Spend Christmas on Seas Bound for Mexico OSLO Norway embil tcred and wandering Leon Xrolzkj will spend Christmas on the higi seas bound for onl nation willing to sliclter the cxiloc Russian boishevist after hi asvlum in Norway was termin alcd and his wife wore spir ited out of Norway and pu aboard an unidentified slcame Saturday it was disclosed afte news of their departure had been withhheld for several days avoid demonstrations The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair not miitc so culd in extreme north and extreme west ptrlions Wednesday night much colder Thursday night and Friday unsettled Friday MINNESOTA Becoming im scttlcd Wednesday niglit or by Thursday possibly snow in northwest portion and by Thursday in northeast much colder Thursday mid probably in northwest Wednesday night Friday more or less unsettled and cnlcl IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette wcnlher figure for 24 hour period ending at oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday Minimum in Night At R A M Wednesday 21 WOULD REPEAL TAX A bill was introduced in the special session of the Iowa leg islature Wednesday to repeal the per capita tax tor old age pensions Story on page i opened its session Wednesday the measure was referred to the wnya and means committee over the protest of several who believed the session should consider only the unemployment bill Would abrogate he lax at the end of the current year and was sponsored by three house members who fell it was working unjustly in that 565000 lowans escaped the lax in 1936 That introduction of this pro posal might let down the bars for inlimitcd consideration of legisla tion was quickly visioned by house leaders Onen for Any Bills Representative Arch W Mc Farlane republican of Waterloo taking the floor as soon ns Speak er Mitchell had consigned the measure lo a committee said he assumed we now have the privi lege of introducing any proposals we sec fit At the same lime it was indi cated McFarlanc and others would sponsor a homeslcacl cxcmplion l embodying provisions for the transfer of for thai purpose from the sales and income tax receipts I b clicvc Speaker Mitchell quickly answered McFarlanc that you are correct Represent live 1 W Irizzcll democrat nf Brooklyn hastily oughl lo lable the repeal measure sponsored by Representative Charles F Putnam democrat of Council Bluffs J K Cundy dem ocrat of Cedar Falls and W A democrat of Spirit Lake but the measure went on to the standing committee as the speaker advised the assembly he was of the opinion it was incumbent upon the house and senate to de termine tlie extent of its own pro gram Appropriation Approved Without debate the senate passed the bill to appropriate 52500 for establishing the unem ployment insurance setup Sena tors said they believed the sum sufficient to last until action by the regular session of the legisla ture The sennlc earlier had struck from Ihc bill a section appropria ting so that Ihc bill as a whole would not have to be re ferred lo fie appropriations com mittee Minor changes adopted without argument md upon agreement between republicans and demo crals included limiting salaries of the unemployment commission di rector to annually and the board of review to each Another minor change exempted employes performing services oulside of all the places of busi ness of the enterprise for which such service is performed House Takes Up Biil Senate file No 1 the compen sation bill was received by the house shortly alter2 oclock and immediately taken up for deliber ation Before that house bill No S the anticipated homestead lax exemp tion act made its appearance but was shunted off to the ways and means committee It bore the sig natures of 10 members of the house The homestead bill would pro vide for tax exemptions on dwell ings up to and carried an ;