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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 22, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM t Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Mo Away DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OINCS 14 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 22 1943 GERMANS CALL ALLIED FLYERS HUNS OF AIR Hint Reprisals Over Kharkov Trials Yank Names of Fortresses London threats of reprisal against allied war pris oners came flying out Germany Wednesday as nazi propagandists worked up indignation against the Kharkov trials and Paul Joseph Goebbels called British and Amer ican aviators huns ol the air DNB the official German news agency said in a broadcast state ment on the soviet trials that nazi military courts would soon deal with those British and American prisoners who are guilty of a seri ous breach of international law Goebbels told Berlin police and air raid protection officials that further attacks on the German capital must be expected but that one day our evergrowing anti aircraft defenses and future re taliation w ill make an end to the of the huns of the air Ugly hints of measures to be taken against captured airmen were closely connected with a German press campaign against American flyers imprisoned aftei the Nov 20 raid on Bremen and accused of having Murder Incor porated written on their uni forms A Berlin dispatch to the Swiss newspaper Ncue Zurcher Zcitung claimed that the planes of an en tire squadron were so lettered anc that another squadron called it self Home Block Busters This referred to the practice of American airmen giving their bic bombers names often facetious such as Suiy Q Whodat am Wabbit The bombed and battered nazis are screeching that the names o soBie of the planes prove tha gangsters control the America airlorce In seizing on the Kharkov trials for further justification of Ger man brutality a nazi foreign oC fice1 spokesman claimed the trials were agreed upon in principle a the Teheran so the British and Americans share the s rpsponsibiliJsY Swedish press re ports said statement spc cifically accused President Roose yelt and Prime jiinister Church ill of associating themselves will the Kharkov proceedings and lik ened those proceedings to me dieval witch trials Three Germans and a Russian traitor who admitted at thei trial before a Kharkov military court that they had committe and witnessed numerous acts o atrocities against Russian civil ians and soldiers were hangec Sunday in Kharkovs publj The 3 Germans convicted un der a supreme soviet decree o April 19 1913 were Wilhelm Langheld a gestapo captain Han Ritz vicecommander of a storn troop company and Richar Ratzlaw gestapo auxiliary polic corporal The fourth member o the quartetwasMikhail Bulanov a Russian who served as a gestapc chauffeur Japs Putting More Planes in Marshalls By AtORRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The Japanese apparentJv decided to strengthen their ai power in the midPacific Marsh all islands possible invasion tar get and at Rabaul their batter stronghold on New Britain U S 7th air force liberators found that out when they raide ae oetv Taroa air base in th Maloelap atoll of the Marshal Monday They dropped 25 ton of bombs bat zeros rose to in tercept and knocked off 3 liber atom Tour zeros were shot down Seven others met destruction in an American raid the day before The enemy sent up 50 fightei against liberators and their cs corting fighters which attacke Rabaul harbor sank one mcr chant vessel and set 2 other afire The allies and the enem each lost 4 fighters in attack on a convoy off Kavieng Ireland to the northwest of Ri baul direct hits were scored o 3 Japanese cargo ships and a 41 also damaged Japanese planes pounced on a empty convoy in waters off Nei Guinea but managed to sink onl a 200 tonner at a cost of 14 air craft and 6 probables The Toki radio broadcast claims that Japa nese planes Tuesday had sunk allied transports and 2 cruiser off Cape Merkus the American held peninsula on New Britain The enemys air losses rase M with the destruction of rceon naisuaee planes by allied air pa trote In the New Britain sector Only patrol action was reporter en the 6th armys Arawe invasio front In New Guinea Australian pushed over Japanese stron points and advanced a mile an onehalf north of the Masawan This Paper Consist ot Two HOME EDITION iMiiir NO DESTROYER RETURNS MINUS stern blown off by a mine in the north Pacific this unidentified destroyer is shown as she came into the Piiget Sound navv yard at Bremerton Wash for repairs Note bulkheads which kept damaged end watertight ounterProposals Offered by 5 Railroad Brotherhoods Washington of 5 railroad operating brotherhoods Wednesday completed the draft of a counterproposal for settling heir wage dispute and averting a strike called for Dec 30 These brotherhoods which originally asked a minimum increase of S3 a day reduced this to cents 8 cents un hour in the counterproposal but added de mands for paid vacations over ime after 40 hours for yardmen and awayfromhome expenses or roadmen The overtime plan would add S391 a week to the lop bracket ardmen Roadmen estimate their awayfromhome expenses aver age as high as S25 a month Plans were made to submit the lew proposed basis for settlement o President Roosevelt as media tor of the dispute as soon as the white house would receive a dele gation Fifteen other brotherhoods rep resenting more than a million non operating rail employes have oined the operating unions in calling a strike for Dec 30 but up until early this afternoon here had been no government in tervention in the nonop case Mayor Fiorella La Guardia of SewYork conferred here during the day withleaders of both the operating arid nonopera tihg unions to survey the possibility of maintaining supplies of essential food and fuel tor his city in the event the threatened rail strike materializes The nonop strike call went out Tuesday as tlie white house the assumption that he would be chosen for the job is the only thing that keeps me from being panicky about the present situa tion As conferences went forward to keep 350000 operating employes on the job the leaders of an even larger segment of rail the 1100000 who perform the of fice shop arid track Dec 30 as the deadline for meet ing their wage demands Negotiations ivith the 5 opera ting brotherhoods engineers firemen conductors trainmen and s witch mtu were move Wednesday expected to into counter proposals providing for paid va cations a liberalized overtime formula and expenses away from home The operating groups Tuesday night rejected a plan put forward by President Roosevelt which wouldhave given them of overtime pay or expenses in ad dition to the straight 4cent rate increase recommended by an emergency board The operating brotherhoods would settle Cor the supplemen tary 4 cents a total of 8 cents as a straight rate increase one of ficial said but to call it overtime an automatic end lo the dispute involving the 15 nanoperating unions The nonops now have vocations They do not incur lay over expenses like the roadmen who are away from home a half dozen times a month They do want overtime rates lo begin after 40 hours instead of after 48 or more but they saj President Roosevelt had promised them that as a separate and dis tinct concession which was not to be confused with their basic wage demands Originally they asked an in crease ot 20 cents an hour An emergency board recommended 8 cents Stabilization Director Fred M Vinson vetoed that but ap proved a sliding scale of 4 to 10 cents which the 15 unions say would wreck traditional rate re lationships The carriers signed contracts to pay the 8 cents and thus the 15 unions have no dis pute with their employers Results of a strike vote taken last month were withheld until Tuesday when the 15 chiefs an nounced that 98 per cent of the ballots favored striking For more than 15 months said their statement these em playes have patiently sought to secure reasonable and long over due increases in wages but have unable an adjust ment The heads of these unions to day granted permission to the employes lo carry out their deci sion to strike at 6 a m Decem ber 30 1943 Winter Is j Officially HereBrrr Chicago Winter arrived officially Wednesday at p n with u cold wave that drove emperatures near zero in he northern midlands Subzeio readings were forecast for Thursday in the 2nd cold wave of the season Prospects for a white Christmas were slim for most of the country as the nation had what forecast ers termed a remarkable lack of snow for the time of year Lowest reading recorded by the weather bureau in the 12 hours ending at a m CWT Wed nesday was 16 below at Interna tional Falls Minn Bismarck N Dak had a high reading of 20 above in the last 12 hours which dropped lo G High at Escanaba Mich was 17 low 2 Williston N Dak 15 and 12 ancl Sault Ste Marie Mich 13 to 8 Winter came a day late this year because the astronomical year is 365 4 clays Ions O T Lay of the Weather bureau said In the 4 year interim between leap years a quarter day is held in reserve annually by calendar makers in order to give leap year its full extra day and with excesses ot threequarters of a day now ac crued the dale of the shortest day of the year was advanced from Dec 21 to Dec 22 Reveal Marshall Visited Battle Area in New Guinea attempted to avert a rail transpor or anything else he argued would impair their future bargaining tation tieup Government seizure ot the rail roads under the SmithConnally act is seen by Senator Reed R Kans unless averted Ihe strikes are have thought all along that the strike threat was more serious than some people believed Reed said Unless this thing is settled soon and the chances for a settle ment dont look very hopeful lo me the president will be forced to direct federal seizure of the roads under the Smith Connally law We are fast approaching tlie Dec 30 deadline and the prob ability is growing that government operations is on the way much as I hate to see it Under the SmithConnally law the government is authorized to take over private industries when labor disputes threaten or cause an interruption in operation In event of government opera tion Reed saidhe hoped and ex pected the president would pick Joseph B Eastman transportation coordinator to direct it The railroads and the brother hoods have confidence in Joe Eastman Reed commented and position too much That is if they are going lo sell now their claims to vacations expenses andbelter overtime they feel the comprom ise rate should be better than 4 cents an hour One brotherhood chief remarker They want to trade us 1 jackrabbit for a thoroughbred mare President Roosevelts stabiliza tion advisers contend that the supplementary t cents given as a straight rate increase would vio late federal wage policy Vaca tions and expenses could be al lowed within the stabilization pro gram There is some controversy whether a change in overtime rates would be violalivc Railway employes are speci fically exempt from the fair la bor standards act under which most workers in interstate com merce receive time and a half after 40 hours a week Rail work ers have overtime formulas but they vary among the different The operating brotherhoods or iginal demands were a 30 per cent increase or S300 a day which ever was higher A settlement of the operating workers demands would not mean AFTER ENTOMBMENT BY GERMAN BOMB Pvt Sandile Jones of Manchester Ky mud spattered but unhurt srins as he is cleaned offby com rades who dug him out after a nearby bomb explosion buried him in 2 feet of earth somewhere on the Italian front YANKS CAPTURE NEW HEIGHTS British Fight Nazis in Streets of Ortona Allied Headquarters Algiers 5th army forces bolstered bv heavy artillery and mortar lire captured several new heights ancl reached the outskirts of San Vittore on the road to Rome Wednesday while the British 8th army battled the Germans with tanks and infantry in the streets Ortona American and French troops along the northern mountainous sector ol the 5th army front were reported attacking the villages of Acquafondata 5 miles west of Fil ignano and Cardito 4 miles north of Acquafondala atter occupying a high point in the Ml Casole re gion in their push westward on Cnssino The announcement that the French forces under Gen Pierre Juin were participating with the Slhs attack in this sector was the first disclosure of the location of the French whose presence on Italian soil was announced last week The French who have been struggling for the past 3 days for possession of a vital mountain pass were reported to have taken the southern half Other short gains in this area were reported In on San Vittore the Americans were methodically wiping outthe numerous pillboxes the Germans had built around the town vising every house and every natural obstacle to slow the allied advance Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys 8th army tanks meanwhile slugged it out with German Mark IVs in the streets Ortona tiny port town between Termoli and on Ihe Adriatic coast which has been the northern an chor of the nazi line fierce engagements were fought in the running street battle The united nations radio in Al giers said the Bin army held al most the entire OrlonaOrsogna highway The Germans counter attacked a force of New Zcalancl crs with the 8lh the broadcast added leading off the operation early Wednesday morning with a barrage of flamethrowers anc tanks in an attempt to dislodge the New Zealanders from the vi tal highway Southwest of Ortona British troops made slight advances aftei repulsing 2 desperate German counterattacks The British assault on Ortona spearheaded by Canadian troops was preceded by a heavy artillery bombardment Mercury Man Dip to 15 Below Zero Des Moines of it inty be all that loivans can do about a white Christmas this year but meteorologist Charles D Reed said it was still too early Wed nesday to make a prediction Cold was the Towa fore cast Wednesday with the possi bility that temperatures in the northern part of the slute may go as low as 15 degrees below zero at some points The cold will continue Thurs day at least with partly cloudy skies Wednesday and increasing cloudiness Thursday Mason City was the states cold spot Wednesday morning with a low of 1 below Burlington had a high ot 36 Tuesday j There was no precipitation PORK BONUS TO BE OFFERED Spare Stamp No 1 Good for 5 Points Washington reason and unintentional vhymc 3PA has made spare ration stamp No 1 good for 5 points worth oE spare an equal value ol other pork products Pork is glutting the market The OFA explained that the tempor ary validation of a special stamp in book 4 provided the simplest and most effective manner for getting the unexpectedly larerc ci vilian supply of pork into the hands of the housewife The extra ration is good only until midnight Jan 2 Agency sur veys show that the average per son spends between II and 12 o his 1G weekly ration points foi meats With the loins and othei choice cuts of pork at 4 points a family of a using the new spare stamp temporarily will be able to at a rate ot about 20 pounds a week Of the cheaper cuts such as shoulders the family could buy about pounds a week Buy Uar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair snd colder Wed nesday night Fresh winds di minishing Wednesday night Thursday fair and continued cold Lowest temperature Wed nesday night in Mason City 15 below Iowa Cold wave Wednesday and Wednesday night with temper atures falling to 5 lo 8 below zero by Thursday morning Con tinued cold Thursday Partly cloudy Wednesday Increasing cloudiness Thursday Iowa Shippers forecast North west and northeast 15 below southwest 5 below southeast zero Slightly higher in cities Minnesota Continued rather cold Wednesday night with temper atures ranging from 15 below north to 10 below south por tion by Thursday morning not quite so cold Thursday fair ex cept increasing cloudiness in northwest portion Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 20 above Minimum Tuesday night l below At 8 a m Wednesday 1 below YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 18 Precipitation 50 Snowfall 175 Sleet rain snow RUSSIANS ONLY 15 MILES FROM VITEBSK FORT Reds Baltic Army Surges Forward With Advance of 5 Miles London Russian Bal ic army surging forward un heckcd has advanced another niles and now stands only15 iiiles from the nazi fortress city f Vitebsk Reuters reported Wed lesday from Moscow Encirclement of this enemy tronghold thus became hourly more imminent This thrust and a companion Irive toward the important rail unction of Potolsk 60 miles to he west threatened the stability if the entire German line de ending the Baltic states A Russian communique earliei lad reported the forces of Gen van C Bagramian within 20 miles ol Vitebsk from the north hrough capture of Gribali anc oss than 25 miles away to the His troops storming down from ievcl Tuesday blasted their way hrough a 50 mile gap in deep Jerman defenses capturing more han 100 villages and leaving 1 600 German dead in their wake Other columns swinging out to he west were within 35 miles of Polotsk fall of which would seri ously weaken communications be ween the German northern and central armies and possibly force retirement of the nazis loftflank along the shores of the Gulf ot Finland from the Leningrad area At the extreme southern end of the 800mile long battlefront meanwhile Russian armies liqui dated the nazi bridgehead on the southbank of the Dnieperoppo site Kherson near the rivers mouth and dispatches said a full scale attack against the rity itself was expected momentarily In the center of the line the Germans were said to be counter attacking in 3 key sectors The Moscowwar bulletin said the nazis struck in the area between Zhlobin ancl the Berezina river in White Russia south of Koros ten in the Kiev bulge and in the Kirovograd sector in the Dnieper river bend All attacks were repulsed with heavy losses Moscow reported During liquidation ot the Kher son bridgehead more than 2000 Germans were killed in a 3day battle Moscow said Prison cages were filled to capacity ihe com munique added Khersons capture would render untenable the German position in Nikopol manganese center in the Dnieper bend Krivoi Hog and Nikolaev northwest of Kherson on the Bug river together with large German forces scattered throughout the area Freezing of the Dnieper along the southern front was expected to facilitate ihe Russian advance advices said Some of the heaviest tank fighting of the war was reported raging as Ihe Germans vainly tried to regain the initiative in central sectors The nazis wore jsaid to be using as many as 2000 tanks in some areas Moscow an lounced that 112 tanks were de stroyed in Mondays fighting nlone Berlin said 412 soviet tanks were knocked out Sunday and Monday Cheer Fund Needs Final Push to Goal FREVJOUSLY HEPORTKU Co F 2nd Htf luwa State iuard IKCI1O pledge s B II KGIO P ed cc rU r and Mrs J IS fence KGLO pledge Mrs L G Iencje iKTilO pleilro Betty Lou Jasper I K41LO pledge Mrs A II Jasper CKGLO pledge Nan KfiLO pledget Our Saviors Dorcas Circle ew and Visit Club ate and Sylvia Lcvinaon EUleich Levinson MiipJttf Room and Smoked Mrat Room Deckers Seventh Day AdvniUst Cliurrh loscoe Hugh McDonald KtiLO pledge Boy Stout Troop No t KGLO Pledge A J E K S Shepherd paiul and wall paper KGLO uleficr 31 C Mill work Com PAH y and R I IVimberly KGIO pledel Belly Floor Deckers Barbers Local I8 Larry and Tom KGIO First Methodist Church Youth Fellowship Junior Uijh and Senior Hirh Divtsiens Group 5 Chvrctf Mrs Ben F Randall aod Luey Inn Beverly Kay Leuis A Frfend Navy Mothers Ouh Vi Woodmen Circle Hard on And Rex Mjudr Trim Deckers Hardlnr Cah Pack KGLO pledge Sausage Cooler Gang Deckers KGLO plcdcc Just a Friend Jeane Larson tn Memory Women of the Moose Chapter Alumni Committee Women of the Moose Chapter Xti Know Vour Neighbor Club Lin coln Ton nsfiip ick Vvrii and Jr UiUriTm B F Baker ferhard OUon Ir xnd Mrs Hunt Looiex Itarber and IJeauU Shop Ideal American Laundry and f P II and Gus Levlie Dry Cleaner Krnptoves nd vttf Rtih KGIO pledge J J Straw KGM pWccl i Loyal Order of Moose Employes of Ihe P G and E No KQ8 Denison Club Employes Plants No 3 atid No n Mason Cttv Brick and Tile Company Office of Defense Transportation Employes NEW TOTAL Amount Needed S FIRE LOSS Huron S Dak in ex cess of 5100000 is estimated to have been incurred here spectacular predawn fire which razed the 4 story Royal hotel Two adjoining buildings occupied by a bakery and a hamburger stand were demolished when brick walls of the 53 year old hotel collapsed DOMING ahead the Chrismns Cheer hind is ncaring its goal needing only i climactic CITY DRIVE ON RATS Silvcrlon Ore city of Silverton has begun a campaign lo rid itself of rats Free poison will be furnished citizens and town officials are placing the bait themselves 2 days ot iug Help push it over the top and make sure thai there no empty stockings in Mason City Ihis Chrislmas sea is impressive in I its list and total It is representa ive of many generous Mason Cityans who have tome to the aid of a good cause To each and every person rep resented in the above listing is due warm appreciation Many of these donations indicate the en Ihusinsm with which collections have been taken among groups of workers Among notable repre sentations arc those of various units at Mason City industrial and business establishments and clubs and organizations A perusal of the list is indicative of the uni versal desire to spread good cheer by local residents But the fund is not yet at its goal There are only 2 days left for giving The final announce ment will be made up at 10 a m Friday If you have been planning to send in a donation and have been putting it off the time to act is the scheduled time for the arrival of Santa Claus Send contributions to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa PACIFIC BATTLE LINE EXPECTING MAJOR ACTIONS Chief of Staff Back in U S After 35000 Mile Global Trip Army Headquarters Central Pacific W The long Pacific battle line was tense with expec tancy Wednesday after a dra matic visit from Gen George C Marshall United Slates army chief o staff and under indica tions oC resurgent Japanese air activity Marshall participant in recent allied military councils held at airo and Teheran flew along he entire line from the southwest Pacific to the central Pacific but only the generals and admirals American and Australian knew what he iiad said marshal was present at Cairo when President Roosevelt Prime minister Winston Churchill and Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek pledged to hammer Japan into unconditional surrender and to strip it of all wargotten gains With the chief staff safely back in the United States alter global trip Gen Douglas MatArthur announced Wednesday that Marshall had Marshall Leaves for Washington Los Angeles George C Marshall chief of staff of the U S army left for Washington Wednesday after arriving here from a tour of the southwest Pa cific vwar theater where he con ferred with senior military and naval leaders army officials an nounced Gen Marshall arrived from Honolulu Tuesday and white here conferred with officials of the film and aircraft produc tion industries expressing to them his appreciation of their wartime services been at advanced allied head quarters in New Guinea Dec 15 when the American 6th army units invaded New Britain at Arawe This invasion prompted Tokyo radio o comment that Japanese quarters lo not deny tile serious ness of the situation and that Rnbaul Japans most important southwest Pacific base on New Britain must be held under all circumstances Japanese air strength recently badly hit and reduced in that area showed signs of revival South Pacific headquarters said that when American bombers and fighters assaulted Rabaul Sunday doing heavy damage to shipping 50 enemy lighters jumped the at tackers The Americans and Japa nese each lost 4 fighters Marshall also conferred with the staff of Adm William F Halsey south Pacific commander and It Gen Willard F Harmon chief of army forces there whose ground sea and air forces are driving the Japanese from their last Solomon islands holdings on Bougainville The chief of staff stopped for 2 days at Honolulu to see Adm Chester W Nimitz commander in chief of the Pacific and Lt Gen Robert C Richardson Jr com mander of central Pacific army forces Nimit and Richardsons army and navy units took the Gilbert islands from the Japanese Nov 20 and their air forces have been hammering enemy airdromes and bases in the Marshall islands 300 miles north of the Gilberts ever nee The attacks on Ihe Marshall is ands at first attracted little Japa Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier GENERAL MARSHALL ;