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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE I AM PAPER I Am Ammunition For Wor or TTirow Away VOL AtwcUud UniWd Frw Full Leued HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOfcS Onus a Copy F R Parley to Avert Rail Strike Resumed MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 21 15 UNIONS TO SET DATE FOR WALKOUT MOVE President Hopes for Formula to Provide Earnings Increases Washington house conferences designed to settle the railroad wage aver a scheduled resumed Tuesday fast on the heels of a presidential statement that the best Christmas present the Ameri can people could get would be an assurance there would be no gen eral transportation stoppage The operating brotherhoods have already set Dec 30 as the date for starting a progressive walkout and the 15 nonoperat ing unions planned to select their own strike date late Tuesday probably to coincide with that o their fellowworkers Leaders of the 5 operating rail road brotherhoods went back to the white house in the early atter noori to discuss with the president his proposal for settling theii wage case by supplementing a pre vious 4 cents an hour award with an additional 4 cents in the form of overtime compensation The brotherhood chiefs dis cussed the situation with theii executive committees for severa hours earlier in the day It was understood that the leaders were not prepared to pledge an out right acceptance of the proposal but would ask in addition an al lowance for vacations The exact method the president had in mind for calculating a sup plementary 4 cents an hour for overtime clarified was not immediately press by an emergency HoweverMr Roosevelt said he hoped that railway executives ami 3 employe representatiyes could gel a formula Which wouldprovide earnings increases The railway workers are not subject to theage and hour 40 Jiour work week law and those an hourly or day basis do not receive overtime until after 48 hours of in some instances 56 hours gineers firemen conductors and paid on a combina tion mileage and hourly basis and a strict application of the 40hour law would not help them Mr Roosevelt told a radio conference that discussions were under way toward Setting up some sort of system under which rail employes would get time and onehalf for overtime or the equivalent Mr Roosevelt said that he had learned only a few months ago that most industrial work ers railway employes do not re ceive time and onehalf for over time He said that while perhaps 150000 to 200000 operating workers of the carriers were paid on a mileage basis perhaps some plan could be developed to give them what would amount to time and a half He said this might amount to 4 cents an hour in addition to an hourly wage increase of 4 cents already recommended for operat ing workmen board The president said he honed an arrangement could be worked out within the framework of the sta bilization Jaw which would be fair and equitable He srJ a feeling existed that increases proposed for rail work ers in both nonoperative and op erating classifications by special emergency boards were not as great as might be necessary to compensate for increased living costs particularly in comparison with increases allowed in other in dustries Mr Roosevelt indicated he might see the committees repre senting the carriers and the broth erhoods Tuesday afternoon and said he hoped there could be an announceemnt by Tuesday night of an agreement or lack of agree ment Me said he had told both sides at Sundays white house confer ence that a stoppage of transpor tation would be the most serious blow that could be directed at the war effort It would affect not only production he said but also shipping and every man on the other side of the sea who has to be supplied from this country Twice he emphasized dial the Best news the country could have for Christmas would be news that there would be no transportation tteup Arc you satisfied a reporter inquired that there will not be a strike The chief executive said he did not know that he was waiting and thathe hoped to lind out Tuesday afternoon To a question whether there was anything he could say about spe cific proposals he had made to the railway negotiators he replied he could not go into details but that YANKS ENLARGE BEACHHEADSAmerican forces on Britain have driven back Jap troops and are now in undisputed control of the 3mile long Aiawe peninsula Liberator bombers dropped 232 tons of bombs on the Jap air base at Cape Gloucester Meanwhile in New Guinea Australian troops supported by tank and artillery units captured Lakona about 10 miles north of Finschhafen Land and Air Attacks Make Japs Retreat in New Guinea By MOKR1E LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor prfsure ofallietl land and air attacks forced the Japanese to etreat m the jungles of New Guinea and Bougainville amid indica ouganve a tions Tuesday of a possble attempt to open up a 2nd in vasio front there had been discussions of bringing rail wages above the levels of the awards recommended by the emergency boards because of the feeling that they did not adequately cover increased living expenses The president said that the ques tion of giving rail workers time and onehalf for overtime could be settled either by legislation or by an agreement between em ployes and carriers If agree ment is reacted law would be unnecessary He said he saw no particular reason for discrimination which gives time and onehalf to indus trial workers and not torail work ers and said he hoped a method couldbe worked out which would not be held up for what he termed picayunish reasons Probably the whole issue would have been set tled in the first place he asserted if there hadnt been a stabilization program But an extra 4 cents an hour he said would have violated the stabilization law and would have been inequitable with respect to other trades The nonoperating groups clerks telegraphers etc have taken a strike vote but have withheld the returns so far Their growing im patience was reflected ina re mark of George M Harrison president of the brotherhood ot railway clerks after the president had called a conference without including his group of nonoperat ing leaders Maybe said Harrison it pays to get tough The house interstate commerce committee Monday postponed ac tion until Jan 10 on the senate approved resolution validating an 8 cent hourly wage increase which an emergency board recommend ed but which Stabilization Direc tor Fred M Vinson vetoed The carriers have signed a contract to pay the 8 cent increase The un ions originally asked 20 cents The operating brotherhoods were awarded 4 cents an hour or 32 cents a day instead of the S3 minimum increase they asked Mediation discussions now center around possibilities of supple menting the 4 cents by some con fessions other than increases in he base wage The president and War Alobilization Director James f Byrnes held a halfhour con ference with tlie 5 chiefs Mon day but no conclusions were reached The house committee ordered a subcommittee to draft an amendment to the railway labor act exempting railway controver sies from the stabilization act thereby nullifying Vinsons veto power in such cases Transportation Director Joseph 3 Eastman warned in a press conference statement that a rail road strike could do more harm o the war effort than anything he enemy might do He said the rail workers had a legal right to strike but in my opinion they could not strike and remain good citizens1 He snid however lie had a great faith in the railroad workers and believed they would lot ruin their record of helping o speed victory because they dont like wage decisions While asserting that travel con lestion this winter will be the worst weve had in the war Eastman said rationing of tickets would be avoided except as a ast resort The administering of ravel priorities would cause such demoralization he said that the cure probably would be worse than the disease Jon the enemys key base of New Britain In China Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks soldiers broke into the enemys forward bases in the rice bowl area and threatened en trapment of Japanese forces be tween Lake Tungting and the Fighting for control jot the stra tegic Hnon peninsula bayonet wielding Australian veterans routed the enemy south of the Masawjag rirer in northeastern New Guinea Then they forded and artillery across the stream at 3 places in pursuit of Nipponese remnants The drive has carried the Aussits more than 15 miles north of alliedheld Finschhafen The quickening battle for the northern Solomons brought an American push 5 miles inland from the Empress Augusta bay beachhead on Bougainville island and occupation of a high ridge overlooking Torokina valley Re connaissance reports led military authorities to express belief the Japanese are beginning to evacu ate the southernpart of Bougain ville The situation of the U S 6th armys beachhead at Arawe New Britain appeared static after cap ture of the enemys bombtorn emergency landing field for a 3 mile gain But the greatest bomb ing attack of the Pacific war car ried out 70 miles away on the southeastern tip pointed up the possibility of further landings on the 30mile long island Cape Gloucester is an important barge supply point for the Japa nese Its occupation would give the allies full control of the Vitiaz strait which separates New Brit ain and New would sever a ment route to Japanese garrisons at Madang and IVewak north of Finschhafen in New Guinea Gasmala on New Britains southcentral coast above Arawe came in for another aerial pound ing this time from Australian flown dive bombers and fighters which aimed for supply dumps and the airdrome Allied planes also gave strong support to the advancing troops on New Guinea and Bougainville and joined with PT boats in sinking 25 additional enemy barges Longrange bombers stepped up tne aerial offensive against the Japanese in the Marshall islands Army air force units in 2 days of attacks blasted Mili atoll with 30 tons of bombs Navy search planes raided shipping in the western Marshalls The Japanese retaliated with ineffective raids on Tarawa in the Americanwon Gilberts and on the main base of the 14th army air force in the central Pacific On the other end of the Pacific Guinea It also supplyreinforce SOVIET TROOPS ONLY 12 MILES FROM VITEBSK Smash Forward to Within 50 Miles of Old Polish Latvian Lines London The Russian Baltic anny steadily expanding its breach in the heavily fortified German line has plunged down the east side of the NevclVitebsk railway to within 20 miles of Vitebsk Reuters reported Tuesday from Moscow This represented an advance of some 15 miles for Gen Ivan C Bagramians forces from their last reported position His troops stand barely 50 miles from the old Polish and Latvian frontiers Bagramians success in northern Bussia threatening to disrupt the entire nazi defense system south of Leningrad had immediate reper cussions on other sectors of the long eastern front Dispatches in dicated that huge reinforcements the Germans are throwine into the Nevet battle were possibly being drawn from the ZhitomirKorosten front west of Kiev if not farther south Troops of the first Ukraine army who successfully balked nazi Marshal Fritz von Mann steins powerful tank drive in the Kiev bulge last week were bac in the Korosten secfor yesterday front dispatches said and had re pulsed a series of sharp enemy assaults Previous reports said fighting in the bulge was centered in the area below Malin Dispatches also revealed that the Russians were now exerting strong pressure from the south east on Kirovogiad Dnieper bend enemy base in an apparent drive to isolate that industrial center The Russian communique said the Germans lost 1200 men killed and 59 tanks destroyed in futile coun terattacks there yesterday A German military spokesman was quoted by the Stockholm newspaper Da sens Xyheter assay ing that the Germans had with drawn troops from the Kiev bulge southward suggesting toward Kirovogrxd Von Mannstein may have abandoned his drive on Kiev A Berlin broadcast meanwhile announced the Germans had evac uated bank of the icebouhi pad nn found Dnieper river opposite the city of Kherson far to the south and said an early assault against Kherson itself was anticipated by the German garri son Moscow did not mention any activity in the Kherson salient CBS recorded another Berlin broadcast early Tuesday in which the announcer was evidently pre paring his listeners for the possi bility of sudden changes of the situation on the eastern front He added that at Kherson there are German movements in progress which remind one of the develop ments at Cherkasy Cherknsy fell to Gov Ivan Konevs army last week Detailing action in the soviet drive south of Nevel the Moscow war bulletin said Bagramians army had wiped out 1800 Ger mans Monday and that the enemy is retreating abandoning a great quantity of arms and ammunition Bagramian was driving in mul tiple thrusts toward the rail cen ters of Vitebsk and Polotsk and his immediate objectives In less than a week his troops have re captured nearly 1000 square miles of territoryincluding 570 villages and have killed or captured nearly 24000 enemy troops along a 50 milewide front Gives Reason in Asking Deferment Fort Ieavemvorlh Kans A draftee gave this reason in writing for asking deferment Convalescing from a traumatic perrosynovitis of the flexor dig itorium subhmus in profundus muscle at the melacarpsophalan geal joint The army said no a sore finger wasnt a good enough excuse Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy front a American strong formation and RAF bombers raided docks and the enemy ar senal area in Bangkok Thailand 2 days ago in the first longrange operation or the new eastern Asia air command In Burma the USAAF attacked Japanese instal lations by day and the RAF by night Lt Gen Joseph V ells at Chungking dis closed an aerial attack on a 14th army air tone base in Chinas Hunan province had been repulsed the same day at a heavy cost to the Japanese Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps him your GlobeGazette carrier Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Tues day night lowest temperature in Mason City 5 Wednesday fair and continued cold Iowa Much colder Tuesday night with temperatures failing to near 5 above north and 5 to 10 above south portion by Wednes day morning Continued cold Wednesday Fair Minnesota Colder Tuesday night with temperatures ranging from 5 to 10 below north to 5 above south portion by Wednesday morning Continued cold Wed nesdayFair IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday At 10 a m Tuesday At U a m Tucsday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Only 3 More Days to Make Cheer Goal TIUl Paper Consist ot Two NO M 5IIU I If 2WI 21 1HI 500 HiV Club the V M f A run Club el IVainintlon School B P Kensington and Pinny Jones and Patsy Circle Urn MeYhodlsl JustBite Club A Firmer Friend J Employes of Western Grocer Co llixi Quee Hebekah Lode No nil M Circle S C S of Mm Meth odist Church 3 Theatrical State Employes aud Mo tion Picture Projectionists No 5 IK Byron Zick S Seabec South west Pacific IM In Memory ot Don Rogers liini Catliolic ot America u a V lor the Cheer Fund1 3 N From Triple IV Z Tit Olde Philosopher Veckert Box Room fjanj Vll necfceri Sliced Bacon Uay ranr ll Initeo Packing House Workers lool No as Cub Scout Pact No m Kenny Dour and Borer Moll Mil Deer j w United Cement Lime and Gyosiim Workers Local No Hw Children 1 Alsbnrys Pic Siebard J Fox Eleanor Jean Fox Mrj s X For S X For A Friend E J O T Club Mion Cily Rotary Lakeside Suctdar School XEW TOTAL f SlOOWlf NEEDED FOR GOAL 49105 OW ABOUT IT FOLKS W j th only 3 more i tfiiving days left and Just ghort of S500 to he raised can the 1943 Christ mas Cheer Fund goal be reached The answer to that is in your hands and your pocket book or check book One thing is certain The ob jective will not be achieved mere ly by wishing The office of the Social Welfare league administrator of the fund is just about the busiest place in Mason City these days A sincere effort is being made to see that there will be no empty stockings among the needy of our commu nity this Christinas Families of service men are being given spe cial consideration The publics attention was di rected to the Christinas Cheer cause most effectively by a spe cial broadcast from KGLO ijlonday night War censorship rules pro hibited mentioning the name of donors as pledges were received but notwithstanding there was a sizable addition to the fund Names of all will be listed above as the money is received at Cheer Fund headquarters Time is running out If you plan to give do it now Address your contribution large or small to Christinas Cheer Fund Mason Cily Iowa Plan No Observance of Stalins Birthday London w a s Marshal Josef Stalins 64th birth day anniversary but Moscow ap parently planned no special ob servance The soviet monitor here said no special broadcast had been scheduled RAF BLASTS FRANKFURT FRANKFORTAMMA1N TITO SETS UP JUGOSLAV RULE Peters Government May Be Forced to Quit London reports dis closed the formation of a su preme Jugoslav government by paitisui Marshal Josip Tito Brozovich Tuesday as Jugoslav monarchist circles heie predicted that King Peteis provisional gov ernment would be forced to resign shortly becaause ot internal dis sension Unofficial Jugoslav quarters did not comment on the Cairo reports but admitted that the Bozhidar Puritsch regime set up by King Peter last August had reached an unsolvable crisis They said the situation hod been precipitated by reports that certain members of the provision al government were plottingto replace Puritch with either Gen Peter Zivkovic assistant comman derinchief of tlie official Jugo slav army or Bagoljub Jcftic Jugoslav London ambassador The Cnairo reports said Brozo vich had announced the establish ment of a Jugoslav committee of national liberation at the insis tence of the Jugoslav peoples Thus Brozovich in Egypt for ilitary discussions with allied army officers confronted them with a fait accompli the re ports said Japs Fleeing South End of inville Oldest Enlisted Man 75 Suffers Broken Leg Struck by Taxi Lonjr Beach tal oldest enlisted man in the U S army Sgt John W Westcrvelt 75 was hospitalized Tuesday with a leg broken when a taxi struck him The driver was not held Westervclt w h o continually passes his physical examinations is stationed with an air transport command ferrying group licrc Soviet Government Abandons Internationale Anthem London broke further with the cause of world revo tionale would be abandoned as the soviet national because it docs not with the socialist principles of the soviet state Ban Arise ye prisoners of sfnr 40 13 10 15 17 19 5 Radio Moscow revealed thn a new anthem proclaiming that the great banner of the hammer leads the way to victory and freedom had been adopted with words by Sergei Mikhailov and music by V V Alexsandrov The step was believed calcu lated like the dissolution of the 3rd international last spring to remove the stigma of world revo lution from the soviet govern ment at a time when it was en tering into full collaboration with the democratic nations especially the United States and Britain vation arise ye wretched of the earth and ended with the cry that the international soviet shall free the human race had be come a symbol of international communism sung by its adherenu from Moscows Red Square to New Yorks Union Square and on battlefields from Karelia to Spain The Internationale docs not reflect in its contents the funda mental changes which have taken place in our country as result of the victory of the soviet regime and does not express the socialist essence of the soviet slate the marines to army JIaj Gen Oscar Washinitoh ot the Navy Knox reported Tuesday that the Japanese apparently are fleeing from the southern part of Bougainville in an obvious effort to concentrate their forces fur ther north un that island There is some evidence he told i news conference that tlie enemy is evacuating the southern part of Bougainville and moving up to the north by land The secretary added that it seems the very obvious thing for the enemy to attempt to com bine all ot his forces on Bougain ville where the task of cleaning up opposition has been turned over by the forces Under Griswold None of the enemys once stroiiR aiv fields on Bougainville is usable now Knox said They arc being kept nut of action by con stant U S bombing Knox also reported in a com pilation of aerial activity in the Pacific during the week ending Dec 20 that a total of 71 missions were carried out Nine were made upon Japanese positions in the Marshall islands where Ifl enemy planes definitely were shot down and 9 probably wore destroyed American losses were 3 planes The navy secretary said 01 mis sions in which MflO planes par ticipated were carried out in Ihe South Pacific urea and ranged from strafing attacks to large scale niicls in one ol which 12 planes look part They reported hat Japanese air opposition in the Pacific is ncli gible and very veak is difficult to understand the lack of Japanese counter work Knox said air Stewart Leads Group in Raid on Bremen London UR Cnpt Jimmy Mewart former actor led one Rroup of American liberators in Mondays raid on Bremen There was lots of stuff up Stewart told an air force public relations officer The boys really had a good look at all types of enemy fighters The raid was Stewarts second mission in the European theater ATTACKS START HUGE FIRES IN CHEMICAL CITY Allies Lose 90 Craft in 24 Hours of Raids on Many Nazi Targets By JUDSON OQUINIf London ll Hundreds of RAF bombers gave Frankfurt its most crushing blow of the war Monday niglit raining 2000 long tons of incendiaries and explosives on the German chemical and arma ment center In this and subsidiary attacks the RAF lost 42 bombers The great uir offensive against Germany reached a new intensity with these additional attacks dur ing the past 24 hours 1 ItAF subsidiary formations attacked Mannheim Ludwjgsha fen mosciuilos stabbed at western Germany and Belgium and mines were laid in enemy waters 2 Heavy formations of Ameri can liberators and fortresses in daylight struck heavily at the Ger man Uboat campaign by bomb ing Bremen 3 American bombers based on tlie Mediterranean for the Sth time in recent weeks blasted the rail yards of Sofia capital of war weary Bulgaria and Elevsis air field near Athens 4 American and British me dium bombers spread destruction on targets in northern France The allies lost more Jlian 90 planes in the 24 hour operations This includes 33 S3 heavy bombers over Bremen 42 in the RAF sweeps including an unspecified number of heavies 11 in the ItalianBalkan area and 6 fighters over northern France Monday nights RAF attack probably placed Frankfurt in the category with Bedin Cologne Hamburg and Knssel as Germany s most bombed cities It was car ried out in near top strength by a orct which possibly numbered 800 or more heavy bombers Huge fires were left burning in the city of more than a half mil lion which already had been so badly devastated in 41 raids that a large proportion of the populace had been forced to leave Cunliiiuiiifr the air offensive a steady stream of medium and lifflil bombers winced across the southeast coast towards tYance in dayjighl Tuesday backing un heavy assaults begun Sunday on what may well lie German rocket gun emplacements MannheimLudwigshaf en twin cities on the Rhine where I G Farbenindustrie chemical works i wi LI 1C OUVIVL Internationale which beI Moscow announcement said has the latgest in the world have been subjected to at least bombardments ot 500 tons or more since the start of the war They have been well up on RAF bomber commands list The tonnage dropped on Frank furt Monday night approached the heaviest raid of thu war more than 2300 tons rained oil Berlin the night of Nov and its ef fect on a city less than an eighth the size of the German capital must have been terrific Frankfurt has been target for British bombers on numerous occasions but Monday nights raid was the 3rd major attack more than 500 tons by the RAF The city important inland port cod rail center also has been heavily attacked in daylight by American heavy bombers The Frankfurt attack was the KAFs fourth major operation of a month which has seen Berlin bombed twice in strength and Leipzig once Losses to date for December total 136 aircraft American fortresses and liber ators had a big day Monday in stabbing a body blow at the nazi Uboat effort by loosing a cargo of high explosives and incendiaries on the port of Bremen in north west Germany The American bombers escorted by swarms of fighters knocked down 40 nazi planes while losing 25 heavy bombers and 8 fighters The American airmen flying 4 miles high in temperatures 50 de grees below zero found visibility excellent over Bremen it was an nounced despite German attempts to shroud the port under a rolling smoke screen CHARGED WITH ROBBERY Fort Dodge George P Johnson 35 who was arrested Sunday at Webster City after he had lied last week from the Schick army hospital at Clinton has been brought here to be tried on charges of robbery with aggravation ;