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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 20, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edifcd for Home LOBEUAZETTE VOL IN Associated and United tntewational FuULeaw Wim ff The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 20 1961 7o Thli Paper Consists o Four billion for atom rocket Big test in January By EARL UBELL New York Herald News Service A kiwi as nearly every New Zealander knows is a bird that cant fly So it may sound strange that the United States government oxpects to spend billion to get a kiwi off he strange until you learn that kiwi is a code name for an atomic rocket engine Should this huge investment pay its hopedfor dividend then or one of its descendants will open the gateway to the planets Mars and Venus With its enormous energy packed into a small package a nuclear rocket will be the longhaul engine of the future But a nuclear engine wont fly until 1966 at the earliest and probably wont pull any useful load into space until two years later Before that time the joint team of the National Aero nautics and Space Administra tion and the Atomic Energy Commission will build and test some thirty to forty engines in the course of Project Rover At this momenta KiwiBlA stands in the middle of a red sunbaked desert near Los Alamos By the middle of Jan uary it will undergo a crucial test a test that will determine in part if any nuclear engine will ever fly Actually a nuclear rocket engine seems so simple a boys metalworking class could put it together if they could get Uranium235 the nuclear fuel flticonsists of a nozzle a core of urahiumV a pump tank of liquid hydrogen at423 degrees below zero Fahrenheit The uranium core maintains i nuclear reaction atomic splitting releasing energy in the form of heat The pump shoots the liquid hydrogen through the core The heated high velocity hydrogen goes out the nozzle to give thrust the same thrust it would get if it had been heated by a chemical fire The amount of thrust is secret But up to now nobody has squirt ed liquid through a glowing core of uranium Will the expansion be great as to burst the uran detfm a Palm Flaospital dent John Atty Gen Their father Joseph P Kennedy is se Robert Kennedy and their sister Mrs riously ill following a stroke Y btephen Smith crowd into a car as they India drops a curtain around three enclaves NEW DELHI India dian forces tidied up their hold on Portuguese Goa Wednesday be hind an iron curtain Newsmen were banned from the tiny en claves seized in a 36hour blitz kreig The Defense Ministry an nounced that the remaining points of resistance in Goa had collapsed but kept dozens of reporters am photographers waiting outside o the biggest enclave of the Indian command post town of Belgaum The smaller enclaves of Damao and Diu north of Bombay fel earlier before the lightning at tack launched early Sunday ium Will the hydrogen inter fere with the atomic reaction Dr Raemer Schreiber who headsjthe test program at Los Alamos and who used to make atom bombs believes his engi neers can make the KiwiBiA work and then go on to other engine types Out of this test program will come the future flyable engines To convert the KiwiB test series to engines the govern ment has set up the NERVA Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application program which will turn out an engine capable of performing real work North Iowa Considerable cloudi ness with occasional snow flurries through Thursday Continued cold Wednesday night lows 515 Warmer Thursday Highs in the 20s Iowa Considerable cloudiness with scattered light snow Wed nesday night not so cold west and north central lows zero to 10 above Thursday partly cloudy and warmer highs near 30 Further Partly cloudy Friday Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 2 to 5 degrees below normal Wednesday night through next Monday with only minor daily changes Normal highs are from near 30 in the north to the upper 30s in the south Normal lows are from near 10 in the north to20 in the south Precipita lion will average 05 of an inch or less in scattered snow mostly around the weekend Minnesota Cloudy light snow Warmer Highs Thursday near 20 GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Wednesday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum t Minimum 28 Trace 14 0 N in space And the nuclear rocket can perform beautiful work can be made to fly if it For example To land a man on Mars and to returnhim to earth would require a rocket weigh ing more than 4500 tons at take off if it were an allchemical rocket Thats nine times as big as the Saturn Americas biggest space rocket Howevtr if you made the rocket a nuclear one it would weigh just as much as a Saturn possibly even less Even on lunar operations a nuclear rocket would pay handsomely ii nuclearloaded upper stage to a chemical rocket would reduce the total weight by half However before any nuclear engine flies many technical hurdles have to be surmounted For these reasons the govern ment is pushing forward with its chemical engines which burn kerosene and liquid oxygen These engines are much better understood than the nu clear ones Bulleti in PALM SPRINGS Calif Playwright Moss Hart died Wednesday at his winter home here He was 57 First reports did not indicate the of death Erbe commutes 3 life terms DES MOINES Gov Norman A Erbe com muted the hfe terms of three convicts including two convicted slayers The preChristmas commutations the first issued by Erbe since he took office in Jan uary were given to Edward Farrant 49 Springfield 111 Carl Hough 61 a native of Oakland Calif and C W Stuart 66 Council Bluffs Holiday toll may hit 500 CHICAGO The National Safety Council esti mated that 500 persons will die in traffic accidents over the 78hour Christmas holiday weekend and 23 000 will be injured Pope receivesBaptist leader VATICAN CITY Pope John XXIII received in private audience the Rev J H Jackson president of the National Baptist Convention of the United States It was the latest in aseries of meetings the Pope has had with Protestant and nonCatholic churchmen and in line with his attempts for the unity of Christian chuiches Postal rate hike likely WASHINGTON The last major obstacle in Congress to a postal rate increase apparently has been removed by a reported agreement between the administration and Sen OHn D Johnson DS C This was expected to enable passage next year of legisla tion raising the first class letter rate from four to five cents the air mail postage from seven to eight cents and increasing other rates Radiation within limits7 exposure to humans from all nuclear tests since the So viet Union s recent bursts will remain within ac ceptable health limits the US Atomic Energy Com mission says Defense Minister V K Krishna Menon en route to the United Nations in NewYork reportedly said prior to his departure that the military government had to organize and clear roads of mines and that it would be some days before journalists al lowed to enter The news ban left the outside world dependent on official Indiai reports of the capitulation of Portuguese rule in the city Menon told newsmen during a stopover in Cairo that he was re turning to New York toplace In dias case clearly before the Unit id Nations Diplomats at UN headquarters in New York were puzzled by Mcnons haste The General As sembly planned to recess Wednes day until midJanuary and the So viet Union vetoed a Western cease ire resolution in the Security Council Tuesday as India was completing its conquest No fur her arraignment of India in the council or the assembly was ex pected The Communist bloc and the AsianAfrican nations acclaimed he action by Prime Minister Nehrus forces The United States Britain and other Western na tions strongly condemned it Menon said India had been rorced to liberate the three en claves because 14 years of nego iation with Portugal had proved utile Nehru tofd newsmen that the ease with which India took over he three enclaves and the lack of government said t lost eight dead and that Portu guese casualties were proved the correctness of the In dian assessment of the situation The colonial administration had cracked up and the people wanted and welcome india Neh ru said He said UN critics of India were obviously ignorant of the facts now as well as in the last dozenyears or more Robs tavern takes hostage OTTUMWA A young man wielding a borrowed knife robbed a tavern of about Wednesday and drove off with a hostage authorities said The hostage Hale Chidester about 50 Ottumwa salesman was forced from his car at Albia 23 miles west of here Officials said he was shook up but apparently was not harmed A few minutes after Chidesters release the Highway Patrol forced his car off a highway north of Albia The driver of the car was identified as Harold Thompson Hood 27 of Ottumwa On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 121314 Clear News J617 1920 North towa News 24 Ualest Markets Mason City News Comics i 28 24 30 Kennedy to attend talks British leader arrives JFKs dad better WEST PALM BEACH Fla Kennedys ailing father hospitalized with a stroke that caused partial paralysis was somewhat improved Wednesday And there definitely wilk be a meeting between the President and Prime Minister Harold Mac millan of Britain Thursday White House press secretary Pierre Salinger told reporters however that there is a possibili ty the conference may be shifted from Bermuda to Palm Beach He said Macmillan who arrived in Bermuda Tuesday has been in touch with the chief executive and places himself at the Presidents disposal A decision on the site of the conference will be reached Wednesday on the basis of a report at that time from physicians at tending 73yearold Joseph P Kennedy onetime ambassador to Britain One doctor said the patient has a slight paralysis of the left side but he said the elderKen nedy was better than when he en tered St Marys Hospital and bet ter than he was Tuesday night President Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline arrived at the hos pital at am and went quickly to a third floor suite where he Presidents ather is con fined in an air condit i o n e d room This was their third visit to the hospital since elder Kennedy J P KENNEDY was stricken The elder Kennedy was reported able to recognize his youngest son in his hospital room Tues day morning and also his young niece Ann Gargan Both had spent the night at St Marys Hospital vhere Kennedy was rushed by am julance Tuesday afternoon after he was stricken while playing golf Salinger talking to reporters at am said only that the am bassador spent a good night He is somewhat improved Doctors said Tuesday night that t would be 24 to 48 hours before hey know more about the elder Kennedys chances Dr William T Foley a New York specialist on blood vessel obstruction arrived at the hospi al shortly before 9 am to exam ne Kennedy a second time He had examined him the first time shortly after flying from New York Tuesday night Members of the family includ ng the President and his wife gathered at the hospital They prayed in its small white chapel Four doctors were attending he elder Kennedy SAME shopping days left ARCHBISHOP B1NZ to St Paul diocese DUBUQUE bishop Leo Binz of Dubuque has been named the new archbishop of St Paul The announcement was made in Washington by Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi the apostolic delegate to the United States The new archbishop succeeds the late William OBrady who died last fall Archbishop Binr who was or darned in Rome in 1924 is 61 yearsold and has spent most of luscareer in the Midwest He became an archbishop when he was transferred to Dubuquc in 1949 from 1942 until 1049 he iervedas coadjutor bishop at Winona Minn Archbishop Binz born at Stockton 111 Oct 30 1900 studied two years at Lor as Allege Dubuque then spent our years in seminaries at Baltimore and Washington be fore going to Rome in 1921 He remained there until 1926 In 1926 he became pastor and chancellor in the Rockford 111 diocese serving there until 1932 when he became secretary to the apostolic delegation in Wash ington He held the latter post until 1942 He is credited with promoting the construction of Catholic high schools in the Dubuque diocese Since 1954 10 large high schools worth about million have been built in he area includin Dubuque Wahlert which has 1 770 students Regis at Cedar Rapids Columbus at Waterloo and Newman at Mason City The Dubuquediocese has about 180000 Catholics TheSt Paul diocese has about 450000 The vacancy in the Dubuque archdiocese will be filled in a fewweeks church sources said Friendly meeting in Congo But snipers still loose LEOPOLDVILLE the Congo Katanga President Mois Tshombe and Congolese Premie Cyrille Adoula opened their long awaited negotiations to end th secession of Katanga Wednesdaj after warming the icy political at mospherc with friendly embrace and reminiscing The two political enemies go down to business in a conferene room of the hospital of the UN Kilona military base near th mouth of the Congo River In sec ret conversations they hoped t resolve the explosive issues sep arating Tshombes wealthy prov ince from the impoverished res of the Congo Adoula and Tshombe met Tues day to make preliminary arrange ments It was their first meetin in months They astonished ILK and American diplomats as the sat together on a couch for 2 minutes laughing swapping stor ies and slapping each other o the leg Diplomats in close events at Kitona were unwilling t predict what the talks will pro duce Tshombe confided to associate that what he is most eager for i a ceasefire between his batterei forces and the United Nations But Adoula has insisted tha here be no halt in the military initiative until a political solutioi or ending the Katanga secession s assured In Elisabethville the Kafang capital there was a new flarcup of fighting Tuesday The Unitet Nations said sniping by civilian and mercenaries had forced it iroops to occupy several instal lations of the big Belgian minim company the Union Miniere di Haul Katanga With UN forces in nomina control of Elisabethville after tw weeks of battling Tshombe whiteled Katangan troops Act ing UN SecretaryGeneral 1 Thant had ordered his soldiers t hold their fire for the duration o the talks between Tshombe an Adoula He said they would shoo back if fired on When last quoted Adoula wa adamant that Tshombe must eiv his secession and submit to th central governments authority The Katanga president was equal ly insistent that his province b far the Congos wealthiest be cause of rich mineral deposit must get a large degree of auton omy Merchandise gifts While merchandise gifts are welcome for the Christmas Cheer Fund they do not count against the cash goal If you have something to give please report it to Doris Bruce Family Service Jnc Tel GA 35864 The Family Service office is on the sixth floor of the First National Bank Building Be prepared to place a cash value on your contribution of merchandise for listing at the close of the campaign expression of the support given the Cheer Fund by employes of this newspaper A siance at the list will re veal many other generous gifts from churches a minister unions veterans organizations clubs and individuals With the contributions come expressions of encouragement and best wishes for success of the fund I enclose to help a needy child to have a Merry Christ mas wrote a donor who signed herself A Helper The post mark had been partly blotted out but the letter came from one of our surrounding commu nities 4V Kfester Minn Brooklyn holds her net cat Starv a and a box of tovs ROOoLsecond KfLSgVtiC ft Tffi make some boys happy for Christmas1 A number ot gifts came in 1901 CIHUSTMAS CHEER FUND COAL 000 W PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks Lodge No t71 10000 GlobeGazelle newspaper boys GlobeGazette composing room 0J VerdunPearl Harbor Chapter DIsahled American Veterans Mason City Grandmothers Club Pleasant Ridge Club A minister In memory of Cathy and Joan SI SI Hi Tri Club of he YWCA Beryl Lark Kelster Mltiii D L and Amanda Cross George Patton A friend T J Karnan llawkeye Cycle Club A helper In memory of iramlna Keunison Mason City Printing Pressmen and Assistants Union Mason City Fire Fighters Association Warehouse Xo s State Brand Creameries Mrs lilanclie Fallows Hearthstone Club Kmployes of Diisans Super Market Ernies Trees1 Ernie Alien 500 200 1000 1000 2IH 5UO itm odo 100 liUO 2 tO 300 1001 500 lW Frank Arnold Seventh Day Adveniist Church n Brownie Troop 3J THE DAVS TOTAL S Jil r TOTAL TO DATE STILL NEEDED GMag clays left Cheer Fund closerto its goal ENEROUS gifts Wednesday from many sources brought a cheery note to the Christmas Cheer Fund which now approaches t h c twothirds mark with only three more giv ing clays in which to reach the goal of From the Mason City lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks came a check for From the GlobeGazette news paperboys the young business men who deliver our newspaper came a contribution of This came out of the savings of these boys who have on other occasions demonstrated their generosity and their enterprise From the members of the GlobeGazette composing room came a generous another Cecile P ciivUK xoi sPhe Ks s nojiogs i art of the winnings will go toward happy for Christmas ;