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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, December 20, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 20, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For Dont or Away DEPARTMENT Of HfSTORY ANO ARCH DCS t THE NEWSfAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L BOMBERS LASH GERMANY IN 2 WAY ASSAULTS Nazis Send 100 Fighter Airplanes in Futile Effort to Halt Raids London heavy bombers struck from the west at muchbattered northwest Ger many in daylight Monday in a quick follow up to Sundays Medi terraneanbased allied heavy bomber assaults on Innsbruck and Augsburg 20 miles northwest of Munich on the Brenner pass route The biff American planes were escorted by fleet fighters again in their renewed onslaught on their favorite recent Uboat nests and the shipbuilding ports of the North sea Specific targets were not named immedi ately Sundays first blow in two punch at German industry from the west and south was made through fierce fighter op position The Germans threw up more than 100 planes in a futile attempt to halt the liberator and t lying fortress formations winging in from the south Thirtyseven of the attackers were shot down in flames and 22 others probably were destroyed to a loss of 16 Mediterranean based allied planes during the days operations Some of the missing allied flyers were be lieved to have landed in friendly territory The Innsbruck railway yards were subjected to a great and ac curate said the allied communique from Algiers In addition to the blows at Inns bruck which lies just north of the Brenner and at Augsburg Medi terraneanbased planes pounded rail communications at Fbligno Peruoia and Arezzo in central NItaly the Terni railway junction and harbors and shipping in the Adriatic and off Italys west coast Cicitavecchia north west of Rome Pasman island in the Adriatic and the Jugoslav port of Split Other targets hit by the massed formations of allied bombers and lilhters streaming across the channelfrom British bases Mon day weire believed to nave been on coast since one groups of medium bombers streaked back across the channel in less than half an hour The sound of aircraft passing over the straits and the southeast coast became almost continuous as the day wore on indicating the aerial war had been stepped up into high gear again since the last heavy raids Thursday and Thurs day night Associated Press and United Presj Full Leased Wires I Five Cents a Copy Germans at Point of Ordering Complete Evacuation of Berlin Stockholm CUR German au thoiities are on the point of or dering complete evacuation of Ber lin to avert total destruction of the city by bombing neutral dip lomatic sources said Monday Only dissension between Ger man Minister of the Interior Hein rich Himmler and Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbels was de laying a final decision on wheth er to evacuate it was reported Goebbels reportedly hns de manded that the bombwrecked capital bo evacuated immediately to avert a threat of widespread epidemics For unknown reasons diplomatic sources said Himmler opposed the move According to correspondents re cently returned here Berliners are prepared to celebrate their 5th war Christmas more spartanly than ever With thousands offamilies broken up their children already evacuated and their homes de stroyed all thoughts of Christ mas presents candles and trees automatically cease to exist Olle Ollen Berlin correspondent for the Swedish paper SocialDem okraten reported MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 1945 FIGHT ON ALLIED SIDE Italian troops now fighting with the allies on the 5th army front are pictured in firing positions on rocky Mount Lungo Be cause of their knowledge of the countryside thev render great aid to their comrades in arms New Bolivian Government to Continue War Against Axis La Paz Bolivia proally Bolivian government of Presi dent Enrique Penaranda was overthrown Monday in a bloody 4hour revolution of young nationalistic army officers who announced at once that they would continue support the united nations hi their fight against the axis Indicating that the overthrow of the Penaranda government left Bolivias relations with the united Reveal U S Merchant Ship Sunk in Gulf of Mexico by Submarine Washington new foray by a German submarine into the Gulf of Mexico was revealed Monday when the navy an nounced that a medium sized United States merchant vessel was torpedoed and sunfc there early in December Only one other ship has been reported sunk in the gulf area this year That was a small Nor wegian ship lost in April Prior to that the last sinking in the gulf was in September 1942 The latest sinking brings to 40 the number of ships sunk in the gulf since the submarine offen sive started The navy gave no details about the latest sinking except to say that the ship was torpedoed by an enemy submarine The survivors were landed at Galvcston Tex and at Key West and Pensacola Fla nations unchanged the central revolutionary command pro claimed by radio The new government which has the sympathy of a majority of the nation and the army will respect the international situa tion supporting the united nations in their fight against the axis The spark plug of the revolu tion was 36 year old Victor Paz Estensoro lawyer and politician who became chairman of the committee which took over from Penaranda The outgoing govern meritSigried a pact iwith the united nations last May and de clared war axis 2 weeks ago The revolutionary committee caused the arrest of the members of Penarandas government pre sumably including the president The full extent of casualties in street fighting in the capital was not available at once An an nouncement said only that some fatalities occurred Estenssoro told the press later that the new government would continue on the side of the united nations respecting all of Bolivias international agreements includ ing adherence to the Atlantic char ter He said Alberto Vjllarroel had been named provisional presi dent The rattle of machine gun fire awakened the city at 3 a m A radio then announced that a revo lution directed by nationalist leaders and young army officials bad been effected At 9 a m the revolutionary committee took possession of the presidential palace Groups of demonstrators paraded the streets cheering the revolutionaries In a brief manifesto the revolu tionaries affirmed that a regime of political and economic oppres sion had ended and the suc ceeding movement constituted the economic redemption of the Bo livian people Charge of Murder Is Filed in Marshalltown After Body Is Found Marshalltown charge of murder had 1 been filed Monday against Walter Baiey40 Negro in connection with the death ol William C St John 43 white whose body with the throal slashed was found in the yard at the Bailey Sunday It first der Chief of Police Harbia Block said Baileytold him he ioimd St John in the Bailey home in the company of Baileys wife and thai a fight ensued Baileys wife Wil lie Ann 38 suffered an arm wound Army Engineers Get Demolition Practice Junction City Kans The Kansas Power and Light company wanted its old dam on the Smoky Hill river destroyed an expensive and difficult job Army engineers from Camp Phillips wanted demolition prac tice Result No dam no expense Yanks Near Airfield on New Britain By MOBBIE LANDSBIRG Associated Press War Editor Capture of a bombedout Japa nese airstrip on the invasion front of New Britain appeared imminent Monday as U S 6th army troops made new gains on the besieged island with the support of artil lery fire and allied planes which ruled the skies above the Ameri can bridgehead Allied headquarters announced lhat American forces were ap proaching the Arawe airfield of ferine he prospect of an eventual 3way aerial squeeze against the fortress of Rabaul and other en emy positions along its weakened anchorbase in the southwest Pa cific The field made unservice able by preinvasion raids is 6 miles east of the tip of Cape Mcr kus peninsula on the southwest coast of New Britain Earlier the Americans turned on medium ar tillery fire to capture Umtingalu settlement for a total gain of about 3 miles since the landings last Wednesday On other fighting fronts the al lies continued to hold the offen sive Australian soldiers mopped up enemy remnants in a sector of the Huon peninsula of New Guinea across the Vitiaz Strait from New Britain Americans started a new push into the jungles of Bougainville last major Japa nese base in the Solomons And the Chinese captured several more villages in the battletorn rice bowl of central ChinaJ Japanese air attacks on 6th army positions at Arawe diminished but allied planes kept up the steady assault against the enemy on Nev Britain as well as in the Marshall Islands and the Solomons In one sweep 80 fighters flew from south Pacific bases to attack the Rabaul harbor Lt Gen Robert C Richardson Jr military governor of Hanail and commander of army forces in the central Pacific relaxed Hono lulu curfew and dimout regula tions with the statement recent military happenings in the Pacific have strengthened our positions here On the other hand the Berlin radio quoted the Osaka newspa per Mainichi as saying Japanese quarters do not deny the serious ness of the situation brought by invasion ot New Britain Rabaulit under all The Tokyo radio declared that 3000 Japanese troops and 1500 civilians in naval service died heroically to the last man in American conquest of Makin ami Tarawa in the Gilberts although American announcements indi cated some prisoners were taken Japanese losses included the Gil berts commander Read Admiral Kenji Shibazaki Admiral Lord Louis Mountbat ten allied commander in chief in southeast Asia acted to weld a more effective air weapon with tht merger of the RAF and U S ail force in his sector The new single air force will be commanded by Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse with Maj Gen George E Stratemeyer as his American deputy Says Husband Wanted Her to Go to Fires Chicago Mary Louise Schwartz charging her husband wjth cruelty told Judge Robert 1 Dunne in circuit court that her husband hit her because she wouldnt chase off to the lire trucks with him ranted a divorce She was C RATION PARTY AT FRONTChief of the nutrition branch of the surgeon generals office Col Paul E Howe tries cold C rations with Pvt Arthur Lee Dixon I1L somewhere near the Italian front The colonel made the trip abroad to find out whether the boys were getting the right kind of food This is an official U S signal eorps photo This Paper Consists ot Tno One HOME EDITION mmr POUNDOUTNEW GAIN SON ROUTE TO SAN VinO RE 5th Army Advances Toward Next Strong Defense in Italy Allied Headquarters Algiers Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army which captured the heavily fortified village of San Pietro after 3 days of furious fighting ias hammered out new gains to ward San Vittore next strong de fense on the road to Cussino and in the mountains to the northeast hns registered gains up to 2 miles allied headquarters announced Monday Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys 8th army supported by tanks overran an enemy position in Jhe sector along the Adriatic coast inflicting severe losses while advancing about a mile further inland and capturing the village of Consalvi 6 miles from Orsogna Montgomerys artillery mer knocked out 5 German Mark IV tanks bringing to 43 the total of German tanks destroyed since the start of the Sangro river battle Of these at least 30 were Mark IVs the largest the Germans have employed in Italy Fifty German parachutists were captured from a group recently transferred from the central mountainous terrain to bolster the eastern defenses Fifth army troops north of Ven afro in the Italian peninsulas hilly backbone were blasting their way through the difficult terrain and forcing enemy forces to give ground in what a military com mentator characterized as a hur ried departure The advancing allies found many enemy dead unburied in the mountain passes where in tense American artillery fire had sprayed them wih steel French troops in the centra sector were said to be putting up a spirited fight tor one mountain pass Heavy losses suffered by the Germans 90th light armored di vision for the 2nd time threatened that unit with extinction A spokesman saidreports fronvthe 8th army front showed this di vision had lost about half its in fantry strength Two battalions of the divisions 3Glst regiment had been consoli dated it was said and U400 in fantrymen from the divisions 2 infantry regiments had been killed wounded or taken pris oner This division was a part o Marshal Erwin Rommels Africa corps until it was wiped out by the 8th army H was reconstituted in Corsica and transferred to the mainland NO Nevel Reds Crash Wall Near Outflank Vitebsk VICTORIES ARE MARKED UP IN WINTER DRIVE Many Help Cheer Fund 4 Days Left PREVIOUSLY REPORTED S Cpl Vanlleel Ft Monroe Va T A T Club Kmplnvci ol Inii Hardware Mulual Insurance Company V V Sohn From Kalliope Anlhonr Ulrkie Mrs lida Sanborn of Union Veleraiis Home Room nl Jloliroc Jr lliih Junior Department First Methodist Churrh Our Saviors Kebecca Circle C B IV Mrs C I Marstons Division First Baplit Church A friend Circle A ot S C S IVesley Melhodist Cliurch Child Study club Wilson School tith Grade From the GlobeGazette Women J C Kimm Linda and Judy Bu1I and All M D Friend WiUon Srbool rth Grade F E S Osajc In Memory ol Mcllys Ann Olson Britt M B S of Cialt Jnst Say From a Journalism club Monroe Jr uich Drnnjand Betsy Ellen WIIMD Parent Education ttronp Kenneth L Whitney port R 1 From a Friend M A B Home Room No Ill Kooievelt Jrl From Sloyles Press Clio Club Srace Evanretical Ladies Aid Union International Brotherhood of Llectrical Workers Xaoty 3nrcare IVXson U rsen San Francisco 2Ufl MM IIXI 1 00 1IMI I Oil 111 1 10IHI I 100 100 IUO 100 100 ion I DO UNI 7011 VI Trio VIM Demands That King Abdicate Throne in Italy Bring Cheers Naples crowd of 1500 persons held the largest political meeting permitted since the re occupation of Naples Sunday to commemorate the death of Gio vanni Amendpta a writer who was beaten to death by fascists in 1926 Clenchedfisl salutes hammer andsickle armbands and red stars were prominently displayed among the audience which cheered vociferously as the speak ers made repeated demands for the abdication of King Victor Emanuel The principal speaker was Al berto Cianca former editor of the radical newspaper Mondo who recently returned from many years of exile He described Amcndola as a martyr of fascism and the monarchy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday not much change in temperature lowest Monday night Mason City 0 Iowa Increasing cloudiness and not so cold Monday night with light snow in west and north portions late Monday night cloudy and colder with light snow in forenoon Tuesday Minnesota Cloudy light snow Monday night and east portion Tuesday forenoon becoming fair in afternoon colder Tues day and north portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 36 Minimum Sunday night 10 At 8 a m Monday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 14 Minimum o Precipitation 19 Snowfall 6 inches The figures for Sunday jf FIFTH REACHES SAN PIETRO pincers on heavily fortified San Pielro the allied 5th army has reached the city in heavy fightingr On the 8th army front British empire fought off vicious nazi counterattacks Youth Killed and 4 Injured When Auto Hits Telephone Pole Des Moines Young 16 high school student was killed when the automobile in which he was riding crashed into a tele phone pole on a country road near here Sunday morning Four other boys were injured seriously They were Guy Stev ens 17 the driver Roger Bart lett 16 Jack Grossnickle 16 and Roger Daniels IT all of DCS Moines Dr A E Shaw Polk county coroner said the injured youths told him they had spent the night running around to different places before the fatal crash oc curred ROM T II E standpoint of the number of donors the list above comes close to being a record in the 17 year history of the Christmas Cheer Fund The total amount of money received h o w c v c r is slightly below the average that must be main tained in the remaining 4 giv ing days if the goal of 51500 is to be reached at 10 oclock Friday forenoon when the campaign comes formally to 1 close In this list is represented all types of individuals by clubs by school groups by church tjroups by parent groups TONIGHT IS CHRISTMAS CHEER ON THE AIR Monday nijfht is CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND ON THE AIR Have your ilial set at 1300 be ginning at oclock tontri butions will be announced at various times during the eve ning If you want to make a pledge just call No 2800 Then Wednesday morning cither mail or brins your contribution to the Globe Gazette office and it will be in cluded in the daily listing Heres the chance to give the 1943 Christmas Cheer Fund a lift which pat it over the goal of 51500 Be listening please Execution of 4 War Criminals Seen by 50000 By M S HANDLER Kharkov UR Amid cheers from some 50000 Russian men women iml children 3 German army officers and 1 Russian traitor in the first war crim inal trial of World war hanged Sunday in the market square of this warblasted city At a m 4 Ford trucks moved away from the gallows leaving the condemned men dan gling at the ends of the nooses to which they were sentenced for participating in the mass butchery of thousands of Russian prisoners and civilians A vengeful crowd pressed against a cordon of red ficers as the doomed ges tano captain a storm troop com mander a jiolice corporal and a Russian chauffeur for the were driven into the square in closed trucks Youngsters sat on the roofs of nearby buildings and others watched from the windows as guards made the i stand on stools mounted on the trucks lied their bunds behind their backs uncl fit ted the nooses The Russian traitor Mikhail Petrovieh Bulanov 215 lost his nerve and almost lost conscious ness Guards supported him on his stool The Germans wearing the uni forms of their rank und overseas caps and decorations appeared more composed They were Capt William Langheld 52 ges lapo Hans Ritz storm troop com mander and Police Cpl Reinhardt Itatzlaw 3B As the drivers of the 4 trucks started their engines Maj Gen A N Myasntkov presiding justice at the military tribunal stood on platform to their right and intoneci their sentence through a micro phone Then the Fords moved forward and the residents of the uncon trollable surging through the cor don to surround the dangling bodies of their one time oppres sors The 3 aazis and Bulanov were convicted at midnight Saturday The courtroom crowded with 1000 residents burst into applause when Myasnikov read the sentence bringing to a close one of the most dramatic trials in recent times Prosecuting officer Col N K Dunaycv previously lind empha sized that the trial was conducted strictly in accordance with the Moscow pledge signed by Russia Britain and the United States early in November that war criminals would he returned to the scenes of their crimes and tried according to local law The 3 Germans apparently under the illusion that by con fessing they would escape the death sentence maintained their composure until they were caller upon to speak their last words to the court Then they broke down and begged for mercy They confessed their crimes bu laid all responsibility at the clooi of the nazi government and the German high command Express ing willingness tu serve is traitor against the latter they begged foi a chance to take up arms agains the nazi regime Bulanov nsked the court foi leniency on the ground that lie en tered the service of the gcstapo only after witnessing for many months the torture and shootin of Russians at the hands ot th Germans by organized labor groups by mcn in service It is reflective of the universality of the appeal of Christmas Cheer Theres an interesting little story back of the largest item on the gift of from the GlobeGazette women Ordinar ily they kick in for an office party This year they decided to pass up the social fun and turn their money to Christmas Cheer The pots really boiling You can do YOUR part toward keep ing the flame under it If you are in a group of workers see that a collection is taken the fund If not just send along your indi vidual contribution to Christmas Cheer Fund ze He Mason City la Claim 2000000 in Berlin Are Homeless Bern Switzerland is now threefifths destroyed am nearly 2000000 persons an homeless the Basel National Zei lung quoted nn unnamed Swis eyewitness of the RAFs raids 01 the German capital as say Monday MRS DANIELS DIES Ralcixh N Car Ad die Baglcy Daniels 74 wife o To sephus Daniels former secrctar of the navy and ambassador t Mexico died Sunday night Bny War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I earrier boy Berlin Admits Loss of Bridgehead Across Dnieper Estuary Moscow UR Gen Ivan K Xngrarnans Baltic front army of ihcrian veterans swung south vestward and outflanked Vitebsk londay after crashing the Ger lan iron wall line below Nevel i a great breakthrough touching ff the long delayed Russian er offensive Paced by powerful armored mils and ski detachments lough ed shock troops who fought at Stalingrad before Moscow and on tie Don chopped a hole 50 miles vide and 19 miles deep in the hick network of defenses in which he Germans had set themselves ip for the winter In the first 5 days ot fierce ighting the Russians overran nore than 500 communities killed 0000 German troops and cap ured 2000 Berlin acknowledged the loss t the German bridgehead across he Dnieper estuary from Kherson at the other end of the front which ipparently meant that the nazis lad given up the entire eastern ank of the lower Dnieper except or a toehold opposite Nikopol A nazi communique reported letermincd red army attacks in lalf a dozen sectors of the t said the Russians were trying o break through east of Vitebsk n ai apparent extension of the Sevcl offensive and both south jnd northwest of Nevel strong so viet attacks continued A num jer of enemy groups which broke hrough were annihilated or cap tured it added First accounts of the Baltic front offensive said that after smashing formidable German de lenses on a wide front south of Novel he main weight swung down in a wheeling maneuver Timed at cutting the Vitebsk olotsk railroad and isolating Vitebsk vital junction of the Mos cowRiga and LeningradOdessa railroads To the south Gen Konstantir Rokossovskys army of White Rus sia was poised to strike at Ger man communications alone the MogilevorshaZhlobin Hne A Pravda military dispatch said Bagraman pulverized a veritable iron wall constructed below Mevel early last summer along the swamps rivers and forests renting the approaches to the German rail and highway trans port system The complicated system of for tifications was laid out in great depth and dotted with firing nests embedded in concrete the dis patch said Countless tanks and armored cars knocked out in a brief campaign last summer were drug in as permanent pillboxes Apparently confident that they would spend the winter there the Germans had installed Dutch stoves in comfortabledugouts fur nished with mirrors and arm chairs from the Minsk ballet the ater Bravda said A concentrated assault by Rus ian artillery tanks planes and infantry broke the German line and troops poured through the gap to deepen and widen the pocket The Germans hurled into the fight all available reserves coun terattacking as many as 15 times a day While the main Russian at tack was focused in the center neighboring units struck along a 50mile front and drove deep wedges into the enemy lines Rescues Wife and Children Loses Life Trying to Save Dog Chicago Kcsl 37 saved his wife and 2 children from their burning apartment Sunday night but was injured fatally when he returned to save the childrens dog Fcsl dashed back into the build ing when his II year old daugh ter Mary said We forgot Trixie Dont worry he assured her Ill get Trixie Inside his apartment he found his retreat cut off by flames and leaped from a third story window He died from a fractured skull Firemen who extinguished the biazc found the dog cowering un der a bed unharmed MANY WOMEN EMPLOYED Dfs Moines fP George D Haskell state war manpower di rector reported Monday that 46 800 af the 120009 lowans placed in jobs this year were women compared with 23040 out of 85 029 placements in 1912 ;