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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 20, 1939, Mason City, Iowa HARLON R H1ST WCU 4 if r DEPT Of fOrfi C NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALU NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PHKS3 FUU IXASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV ui MASON CITY THE BRIGHT k SPOT MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 201939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 62 GRAF SPEES SKIPPER KILLS SELF Hoover in Fore With Finns Aid By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist ALTHOUGH President Roose velt poohpoohs stories of rivalry between toe American Bed Cross and Herbert Hoovers Finnish re lief agency all the signs are that the two outfits ARE ri o t in tentionally but inevitably Red Cross Chairman Nor man H Davis hasnt said so in that many words but hes said in effect HOOVER that his outfit is fully competent to take care of the Finnish situation If that doesnt mean that the Hoover bunch is superfluous what DOES it mean Theres a kind of an implication that Chairman Davis suspects the Hooverites plan ning to use some of the money they raise to furnish the Finns with war supplies American proFinnish aid of a belligerent character which might be inter preted as unneutral Dr Julius Klein Hoovers chief lieutenant promptly sensed this hint and as promptly issued a counterstate the purport that not a cent of Hoover money will be used for military purposes In short despite denials pro and con it sounds very much as if Davis and Hoover were com petitors From all accounts the Hoover concern is scooping in contributions as to Finland re gardless of general world condi faster than the Red Cross js Does tfifs Make the Red Cross ealous Vourieatliberty to driw your own conclusion How About Politics Early in the RussoFinnish crisis it was suggested that it would be n good idea to create a Red Cross subdivision for Finlands benefit with exPresident Hoover at the head of it The Red Cross directorate turned that notion down on the ground that it would introduce politics into the equation Maybe it would have done so But it looks as if politics had been introduced into it anyway Herbert Hoover hasnt been 100 per cent unmentioned presiden tially in connection with 194C but certainly he hasnt been more than 1 or 2 per cent mentioned Now suppose he succeeds in de veloping a tremendous proFin nish campaign American sympa thy unquestionably is overwhelm ingly proFinnish How About Popularity Wont his proFinnishness if he makes a good job of it enormous ly inflate his domestic popularity Its a matter of guesswork Nev ertheless he not only worries democrats he worries some G O P possibilities THEY dont want him to score too formidably either Hes getting himself out of the twilight into the limelight Theres no doubt about it Perhaps he muffed the white house but hes a bird as an international reliefer His work in Belgium in the last World war was what got htm elected to the presidency Thats what today democratic and re publican presidential aspirants alike are afraid of relative to Fin land and the rest of Europe and Asia and elsewhere He isnt politically colorful but in his way hes assessed as dan gerous FRENCHlEPORT 50 SUBS SUNK Naval Experts State Nazis Losing Craft at Rate of 4 Each Week PARIS OP Official French estimates Wednesday placed at more than 50 the number of Ger man submarines sunk by the al lies since the war began Sept 3 The French estimated that when the war started Germany had some 60 Uboats and said that at least 12 had been accounted for by French destroyers The latest sinking was credited Tuesday night to the 1319 ton de stroyer Siroco which previously had sent two submarines to the bottom in one week Naval experts have said that they were destroying submarines at the rate of four a week twice as fast as Germanys capacity to re place them Crew of Scuttled Nazi Liner Brought to N Y FINNS CAPTURE Sacrifice in SCORES OF RED TANKS IN FIGHT Russian Army Launches Gigantic Attack in Karelian Isthmus HELSINKI Finnish of ficials announced Wednesday night that scores of Russian tanks had been destroyed and more than 20 enemy planes shot down when the red army launched a gigantic attack with hundreds of tanks on the Karelian isthmus The tanks were destroyed be hind the Finnish lines authorities said and several score within the Russian lines More than 200 airplanes par ticipated in the attack they added V y On the northeastern front near Salla 30 soviet combat cars presumably armored cars were captured the Finns said Salla is above the Arctic circle on the route of he main Russian thrust westward across midFinland Air raid alarms were reported at Turku Romma Purvoo and other cities but the extent of damage and injuries if any was not immediately available Earlier in the day Finland called to the colors all able bodied men Mercury Drops to 25 Below in Red Finnish Conflict KIItKENES NORWAY at the Finnish Blizzards and temperatures of 25 degrees below zero Fahren heit laid a paralyzing hand on RussianFinnish military opera tions in the far north Wednes day The Arctic winter set in with full force making outdoor ac tivity practically impossible No fighting ivas reported Wednesday morning and no movement of troop or supply trains was seen TJie Russian troops erected portable huts but inhabitants doubted wheth er hey will be sufficient pro tection against the Arctic cold of 40 years of age Previously all reservists up to that age had been mobilized Wednesdays call probably adds 20000 to the Finnish forces which were authoritatively estimated at 400000 at the start of the war Finnish reports have placed the strength of the opposing red army forces as high as 1500000 As the Kremlin sent new troops and mechanized unit5 into lie invasion loss of the 23256ton Russian battleship Oktaibrskaya Kevolutia October Revolution was reported in a Danish news dispatch Unofficial sources in Helsinki denied the warship had been sunk The battleship was completed in 1914 by the Czarist navy under the name of Gangut the warship had a normal crew of 1125 men and carried twelve 12inch guns King Georges Yule Card Features Plane Going Through Clouds LONDON Georges Christmas card this year features a picture of a royal air force fighting plane swooping through clouds with the legend In a World of Space Profits of reproductions sold to the public will go to provide com forts for air force personnel Queen Elizabeths card pictures a woman sewing on a union jack with the title For Freedom SHOPPING DATS LEPT BUY CHRISTMAS SEAIS HONOR BOLL PREVIOUSLY BEPOBTED S Court House Frit nds Bethlehem Lutheran Waliher League Mr and Mrs E J P r C and E Employes Clab Washlnjton Avenue Friend C Peiiney Company Granl p T A and Sirs Sanla Cla a aus Friendly Xeivcomerj Club ot V Woolworths Store llartlinc P T A Mason City Rainbow Auembir Unnamed Friend Denison Club William Lamer Clothltir Com pany The Hs Jack Fat and Al Just Friend Diet Ann and Mary Jean A Friend 300 100 00 sooo JtfOO oo 24 i iiOO 500 3500 100 100 500 500 100 r Total Distance to Goal S11S1 5 31B23 BIG SHIP FAILS IN DASH WHEN WARSHIP HEARS American Cruiser Is Bringing 579 Survivors to Ellis Island WASHINGTON burning and abandoning their luxurious 32000 ton ship at the approach of a British manofwar 579 crew members and officers of the German liner Columbus were being sped to Ellis island Wednes day by an American cruiser The blazing derelict onetime queen of the German merchant fleet was left to sink The Columbus which failed In a desperate dash for Europe from Vera Cruz Mexico al ready was settlingwhen the U S S Tuscaloosa completed a dramatic rescue at dusk Tues day 400 miles east of Cape Henry Va Only two German sailors were known to have been lost The survivors including nine women were due in New York harbor Wednesday afternoon lor to be so much by the v alue of the SiW sby st judged Press Ignore Loss BERIN German officials and the press and radio ignored of sacrifice in volved In other words how much is left after the giv ing For ex ample The Globe Gazette earner boys at this time are con tributing their nickels and dimes for a collective gift to the Christ mas Cheer Fund The total prob ably will not exceed But what a magnificent symbol of the true Christmas spirit it will constitute Wednesday saw about 5150 added to the fund There can be no slackening in thepace how THE SHOW BEGINS AT FOLKS Christmas Cheer will be on the air from oclock Wed nesday night until into the early morninghoars Thursday The following schedule will be approximated with frequent timeout periods for telephone reports on contributions band directed by Carlefon Stewart school carolers and trio under Miss Ellen of Commerce chorus under J J Fitz gerald Senneff with popu lar songs chorus under Mauritz Lundholm show featuring Macs Truckers Winifred Storcr and Accordionist Ernie Gurardi Contributions arc lo be re ported through the evening to Telephone Jso 3800 and deliv ered or mailed to the Globe Gazette next morning Hank Hook man on the street will be the principal master of cere monies with important help from all other members of he KGLO announcing and engi neering slaff Keep iuned to KGLO Wednes day night wont you please ever if the goal is to be reached Saturday Last year the final total was Certainly Mason Citys order of Good Fel lows is not going to be satisfied with a lesser amount this year Miss Doris Bruce Social Wel fare league secretary and admin istrator of this fund has let it be known that could be used to a good advantage among those who except for this fund would find Christmas just another day Interest Wednesday centered on the toy shop which opened its doors to a specially chosen group of beneficiaries of the Cheer Fund Thursday and Friday the shop will be open for another group of deserving folks under a new staff of workers each day A pic ture of a section of the shop is presented on page 6 Gifts should be mailei to Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa ofetheGerman examination by Jmrnigratidroffi cials It they are found to be oona fide merchant seamenthey can remain at liberty in the United States for GO day But if an inquiry should deter mine that they are navy men or that the liner was armed tempo rary detention or even internment for the duration of Uie war might be ordered The Columbus foundered out side the American neutrality zone although the Tuscaloosa was on neutrality patrol when she sighted the ship ablaze from bow to stern Capt Harry A Badt of the Tuscaloosa reported that the liner was being scuttled and that a British destroyer was nearby al though there was no evidence of any fighting The crew already had pulled away fronrthe sinking vessel in 23 lifeboits and the American cruiser stood by until all the occupants were picked up The Skipper Who Committed Suicide liners sea valves were open hasten her sinking The Columbus was found only a few hours alter the German ilreighter Arauca outran a British cruiser arfdfsteOTedirifotherhar tiin Stengler of thV 334ton Arauca said that a warn ing shot was tired across the bow when his ship was within United States territorial waters The Araura left Vera Cruz last Thursday shortly before the Co lumbus sailed openly for Europe laden with oil and with enough food Tor a 50day voyage Their departure took place the day after the German pocket battleship Graf Spee was driven into the harbor it Montevideo Uruguay by three British warships The belief was expressed in marine circles that the Colum bus was ordered back lo Ger many because nazi officials were elated over the Bremens suc cess in eluding the British blockade News of her scuttling shocked New York officials of the North German Lioyd Lines which owned the ship John Schroeder New York manager said Oh nfy God Its one blow after tlic other 11 Interim Group for Special on Office Building 5 LUXURY LINER COLUMBUS Off U 5 Coast Mental Hospitals DES MOINES legis lative interim committee went on record Wednesday favoring a spe cial session of the legislature to act upon a proposal to construct an office building on the state house grounds The committee also suggested that action be taken at the pro posed session to alleviate the overcrowded conditions7 at the states mental hospitals Gov George A Wilson in whose hands rests the final de cision of a special session pre viously has expressed himself in favor nf a new office build ing but has said he would op pose calling a special session of HID legislature for lhat purpose Governor Wilson would not comment when informed of the committees action Estimates have indicated that a satisfactory building could be constructed on the statehouse rounds for about 32000000 Vote on the committee resolu tion which was offered by Sena tor A J Shaw RPocahontas was 7 lo 2 with Representative O N HuHman RStanton and Earl Fishbaugh Jr RShenan donh dissenting Those favoring the idea were Senators LH Doran Shaiv Lester Gillette DFosloria and Max Geske DMcGregbr and Representatives David Bancer W J Johannes D Ashton and William Yaser D Spirit The resolution said the com mittee has made an extensive study of and has found need for a stateowned office build ing and also declared it has found conditions in our men ial hospitals deplorable by rea son of overcrowding of such nature as lo warrant immediate correction II aecommenried that the gov ernor be urged to call a special session for the express purpose of enacting legislation to meet these needs Senator Shaw declared the states six mental institutions need not less than 51250000 a year for the next two or three bien niums in order to furnish sleep ing room for the inmates He said the Cherokee state hos pital designed to house 1140 in mates now has a population of more than 1700 Shaw declared that action by a special session was the only way out because every new legislature coming in here is pledged to economy Senator Geske terming the cost of the session a mere bagatelle compared with the amount the state now is paying for downtown office space here declared the in terim committee was in position to sell such a program to the legislature LOOK INSIDE FOR ERNEST KEHLER Brought to New York for Killing Engelberg PAGE 2 Connie Mack Near to 77th Birthday Party PAGE 11 Fire Destroys Small Animal Hospital PAGE10 Birmingham Store Is Damaged by Bomb BIRMINGHAM England A bomb attributed to terrorists of the socalled Irish republican army exploded at the entrance of a big down town store Wednes day and did some damage There were no casualties The Weather FORECAST Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday slightly colder in extreme cast and ex treme northcentral portions Wednesday nifflit MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday slightly colder Wednesday night except in extreme southwest portion Forecast for Wednesday niglit Northwest Iowa 10 degrees northeast and southwest 15 southeast 23 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 32 Minimum Tuesday nijeht 20 At 8 a m Wednesday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 10 ETTER TELLS HOW HE SHARED SHIPS DESTINY Debonair Captain of Scuttled Battleship Found Dead in Hotel BUENOS AIRES Tall debonair Capt Hans angsdoiff shared the ctes hiy of his pocket lie scuttled Admiral Graf shooting himself to death Wednesday with a re olvei1 Rigidly true to the harsh code of the sea on which he had served as one of Adolf Hitlers ablest naval com manders Lnngsdorff wrote a letter in which he said that from the moment he followed nut instructions to blow up his pocket battle ship off the Uruguayan toast he had intended to share the destiny of his vessel He had delayed lie said in a letter addressed to German Ambassador Dr E d 111 u n d FreiheiT von Thermann only long enough to make sure that the thousand young sail ors under his command were safe and that Hitlers orders to destroy the Graf Spee rattier j Jthan let her fall into the were carried out The end came Tor the 45 year old commander in his room at the Immigrants hotel rather than on the shellswept steel decks ot the battleship that he luid guided through three months of naval raiding and through u battle with A Fine Gentleman When Not Fighting of Foe BUENOS AIRES slight alert sailor Capf Hans Lanssdorff made up in personal ity what he lacked in size He was llie kind of a scafieht cr who could sink nine merchant number attributed 0 Ihe Graf Spce before her raiding was ended by last weeks naval then declare with delight that he was thankful no loss of life had resulted from the sinkings One of his enemies in the war at sea had this to say ot him There is no mercy from LaiiRsdorfT when he has fight ins to do but when he is not fighting he is a fine gentleman It was Capl Patrick Dove captain of the tiny British tanker Africa Shell who said it Dove knew for he spent three months as an enforced guest aboard the Graf Spec after the Africa shell was sunk three British nt which the Graf Spee put out of ac 1orOltj1 her big guns before being disabled and forced into Monte video Friends said there was no Ques tion as to the fate he would have chosen fov himself that he would nave preferred to point the nose 01 the Graf Spce out into the At lantic and turn her weakened guns on the British warships awaiting him there Langsdorff fought iii the batlle of Jutland they rc ca led and he knew the ancient rules by which battle command ers live and die in wartime But orders from portedly from Adolf Hitler him his course and on Sunday evening he took the battleship out and louched off the blast that exploded her in flames He saw all ot the wounded men from the Graf he had commanded since ashore he saw the dead buried and the remainder taken aboard rescue vessels and transported to Buenos Aires He stood at attention as he Graf Spec burst into flames and he came ashore at the Argentine na val port with a grim smile on his lean face and a firm handshake lor those who greeted him at the pier Then he and his men were interned There were sonic hostile com ments There were newspapers in Pans and London which won ;