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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 20, 1933, Mason City, Iowa TEN MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE DECEMBER 20 193S Better Schools Better Social Life NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD Better Farming Better Roads PLAN TO SPEED PAY IN CORNHOG PROJECTS HERE Details of Program Given by Dr Black Chief of Section A plan to reduce by several weeks the time required for arranging payment of the first corn and hog reduction checks is announced by Dr A G Black chief of the corn liog section of the agricultural ad justment administration Under this plan the method of handling the contract will be simpli fied by means of a rider sheet which may be substituted for two of the regular contract sections The contracting producer will sign the rider under which he agrees in advance to accept any corrections and adjustments in his production figures as may be found necessary by the community committe and the county allotment committee In other words the contracting producer authorizes the allotment committee to make adjustments In his figures without submitting the contract to him for a second signa ture of approval and acceptance as is necessary to the case of contracts handled in the usual manner Can Be Forwarded After the county allotment com mittee in collaboration with the state statistician has made the pre liminary adjustments and correc tions signed contracts carrying the rider can be forwarded at once to the secretary of agriculture for acceptance First corn and hog re duction payments to the producer who signed the rider1 can then be made promptly Later the community committees and the county allotment commit tee will make a final check of all producers figures against available statistics of the United States de partment of agriculture If it is ne cessary to bring the aggregate re port for the county into line with federal statistics on corn acreage and hog production a final adjust ment will be made pro rata among all producers figures If payment under contracts carrying riders made on the basis of preliminary adjusted figures are out of line with the final adjusted figures later payments tan be reduced according ly Perini ts Earlle r Pay The main thing about this plan explained Dr Black is that it per mits payment at an earlier date than could otherwise be aranged It is recognized that in spite of every effort to hurray the procedure a complete and thorough checkup may take as much as several months Therefore the administra tion proposes to make first pay ments to producers who sign the rider on the basis of a careful preliminary checkup of their indi vidual records and to let the final checkup carry over for awhile The individual producer can take his choice as to how he wantshia contract handled All contracts re gardelss of how handled will be subject to careful check and adjust ment by the county allotment com mittee but payment on those handled without the rider c anno I be made until after a complete checkup Seen Through a Windshield By A P proposition seen in Iowa for pavement in North Iowa last week twelve year old boys hitch hiking to Mason City from Nora Springs to go to a show on a Saturday afternoon and very much in need of a chaperom whenthey got there boats gliding over glassy Clear Lake like giant birds th poetry of motion remains of rabbit whi through he could beat us to and didnt Very human in thl respect but even rabbits shouli use speed with good judgement of black muck most efficient bar to rural so ciabllity and big help to catalog houses place and blue ribbon fo finish on gravel road in county should go to road from Plymouth south Must be something in qualit of gravel used as same road whe it turns west Is much smoother winter mornings Weath er bureau missed it again bu what do we care even if we don get a white Christmas Local Breeder Joins Holstein Association Henry L Johnson R No 5 Ma son City is one of 381 new breeder of purebred Holste Friesian cattl to be recommended for memberahi in the HolsteinFriesian Associatio of America during November 1933 At the next meeting of the board o director his name will be added t the membership ror of over 32000 This Is five time the total member ship of the other four dairy breed combined There are 2150000 hea now registered COWS PAY COLLEGE BILLS x J Something like Mohammed and his mountain Clyde Wilson 21 of Green Forest Ark couldnt get a college education on his farm so he moved thef ami to the campus That Is he took his two pet cows But terfly and Ann shown above with their master to the campus of the University of Arkansas at Fayettevllle and they are paying his way through the law college He trades and sells fresh milk for his expenses and is saving a little on the side IT SEEMS TO ME A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Rep resentative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Im portant Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day How large is your farm and how do you operate it I have 160 acres and my two sons and I work It in a kind of partner hip way I was not brought up on a farm I worked eight years at oal mining and all my life until I vas 25 I lived n towns and cities How did you happen to come to owa A schoolmate of mine In Germany esiding In Sheffield urged me to ome to America He thought tlif pportunities here were better than iiey were in the old country and e was right What were some of your first 1m ircssions The country seemed large com iared with distances as I knew them n Germany Sheffield loked good to me but the country lookedrough There was so much wild pralrit and and such a lot of swamps and xmds that were nice for hunters ut It gave me a lonesome feeling Of course it took me some time to earn English well enough to make oiks understand me It is not easy or me to speak English today but get along How long did you work as a farm land Tell me about buying your arm I worked seven years as a hired land then I bought a piece of land There was to be a land sale at the courthouse In Hampton One of the pieces was in section 16 in Wisner ownshlp It was wet and swampy n 1891 There were no improve ments on it and I was the highest bidder at 51095 an acre It was what was called school land The state reserved a section of land in each township to be sold for the benefit of the schools of that township Then I had the work of improv ing it and it took us 25 years before we were out of debt for the and the buildings fences and drain age but we always met the pay ments Looking backwards what was the hardest time for you The hardest time in my career was the time between 1897 to 1907 Those were very wet years and the land was not tiled and my crops ADOPTED CITIZEN WILLIAM SCHMALE Born In the Province of West phalia In thenorthwest part of Germany In 1860 ho come to Iowa and to Sheffield In 1S8S He immediately found work as a farm hand although he had not been a fanner In Germany He bought a quarter section of land In Wlsner township Franklin county before ho was married It took 25 years of work to pay for it and the Im provements Ho was married In 1893 and there were three sons and three daughters in the fam ily The eldest son died in the World war were often drowned out In those years the prices were fair but I did not have much to sell so my income was very small Drainage may have been overdone in some cases Too expensive systems put in but drain age has made my farm Such pro jects cannot be Individual They must include large areas Sometimes they were put through at too high a cost How can taxes bo reduced or the funds made more effective The state has made some good reductions in land tax levies the county has not done so well It would help if they employed more efficient workers patrolmen and other employes and if salaries and wages were more in line with the income from the land What do you think Is the best way out of our present trouble To support and follow President Roosevelt Are you going to reduce your corn acreage and hogs Yes Those are my intentions What brought on this depression Several things The World war The high tariff barriers The ac cumulation of most of the wealth in the hands of a few persons The defrauding of the small Investor of his earnings and his stock by large stock promoting concerns Larke banks selling worthless for eign bonds to the investing public Are we on the np grade again The future is beglnning to look brighter thanks to the NRA CVVA and AAA If a young man hod a little cap ital would this bo a good time to be gin farming That is hard to say Machinery horses and equipment are too high as compared with what a farmer geta for his products Livestock poultry and grain are not high but BENEFITS FROM CORNHOG PLAN BEING MEASURED Jse Balance Sheet of Farm as Now Operated for Comparison AMES Dec simplest fay for a farmer to decide what lenefits he may receive by signing a cornhog contract is to compare a balance sheet of hi3 farm as it s now operated with a balance sheet if his farm as it would be operated mder the adjusted program using n both cases the same crop yields ivestocfc production and prices for iroducts bought and sold This method known as the udgeting method is explained in detail in a bulletin soon to be pub ished by the Iowa Agricultural Ex icriment Station It presents the acts needed and method used in adjusting the individual farm to the cornhog plan Gives Essential Steps Four steps are essential in mak ng such a comparison 1 Outline the cropping system showing the acreage in each crop and the yield in bushels or tons Di rect cash expenditures and the dis position of crops should also be giv en 2 Outline the livestock system similarly listing the number of live stock in each enterprise and the imount of each feed crop consumed by each group of livestock List cash expenditures for livestock 3 List the production of each Ivestock enterprise and receipts rom sales setting clown both quan Itles and values Livestock products used in the household however should be listed separately from hose sold 4 Summarize expenditures and receipts for the entire farm under ach plan and compare results Obviously the net benefit from he cornhog plan will vary between different types of farms and even Between Individual farms of the ame type The hog farm is in a po sition to benefit most from the cornhog plan although benefits to other types of forms are apparent Net Was Working out the two budgets on a representative hog farm in Iowa ve found that the net income under he old plan was while a net ncome of would be received f the cornhog plan were adopted This is a net increase of plus what may be received from in Teased production from other en erprises and increased production of vegetables etc used on the farm It Is a net increase of income for hat farm which amounts to abont twothirds of the total benefit pay ment As price levels rise the net benefit becomes smaller Thus farmers willing to gamble that hog prices will rise to 510 might wish to stay out of the plan Each rise in the market price of hogs will decrease the net benefits from the cornhog plan and each price decline will in crease them without considering of course what might happen if a pro duction control program were not adopted CORN KING FROM ILLINOIS C Worth Holmes of Joy HI who ended a long dynasty of Indiana corn monarchs when he was crowned corn king at the international groin show in Chicago is shown with a sample of his championship corn Associated Press High Average Reported for Year in Chickasaw Cow Test Association NEW HAMPTON Dec annual Chickasaw county cow test ing association report for 193233 shows the average cow in the Chick asaw county association produced 3127 pounds butterfat The average for cows in the CTA in Iowa is 311 pounds butterfat and for the United State 310 pounds butterfat Thirty five cows produced more than 400 pounds butterfat Walter Karnatz Fredericksburg had high cow in the association A nine year old purebred Holstein pro duced 17433 pounds of milk and 5544 pounds butterfat others with cows that produced more than 500 pounds butterfat are Eldon Noon Fredericksburg a grade Holstein produced 5143 pounds butterfat W F Blerce Nashua purebred Hol stein 5142 pounds butterfat and Rodman Cave Fredericksburg with a purebred Holsteia produced 5094 pounds butterfat The average income above feed cost was 3703 Twentyfour herds were tested It would he harder to start now than It was several years back Do you belong to any form organ ization Not any Whore have wo mode mistakes In the past Road building drainage systems and schools have all been overdone Many persons spent their earnings for things they could have done without or failed to pay off their obligations in good times Does It take a smarter man to succeed in farming now tlian when you began 1 No It is an old saying that the dumbest farmer sometimes raises the largest potatoes Do you feel that you get any benefit from the State college at Amea No You are In the black dirt coun try What have you to say about road building as practiced today Of course a road should be drained The grading does not fost as much as the graveling so I favor putting up a good erade and the higher it is the less snow will stay on it in winter Most of the grades are made with elevator graders and they leave the ditches in fine condi tion to mow They should not go too near the fence What do you have for social en tertainment In your neighborhood Very little In what way have you felt the depression Mostly in carrying around a de pressed pocketbook Would you trade places with any merchant doctor lawyer preacher teacher or mechanic of your ac quaintance No I havent the education to make good in those lines and if I had I would not care to trade It seems to me that most of them have their troubles also Our health has been better dur ing the depression doctors claim At least there has been less heyhey fever and whoopee sin State Journal 135 MILLION FOR IOWA CORN CROP Value of Crop on Farm I Sold at Present Price Fixed by Bureau WASHINGTON Dec 20 Iowas 1933 corn crop has a cash value of approximately 5135 000 OOC if It were sold at current prices on the farm The bureau of agricultural eco mimics crop report for the year se the Iowa production of corn fo grain at 405912000 nearly much as the combined production for Illinois and Nebraska two o the Hawkeye states chief rivals fo leadership in the com belt In addition to the corn for grain the state produced 1520000 bushel for silage The total corn produc lion for the United States wa placed at 2330237000 bushels 19 per cent below 1932 and except fo the production sine lyuj If the Iowa crop were used a collateral for loans under the fed era cornhog program it would b worth an additional above the cash value Most of the Iowa crop however is fed to hogs with a relative small percentage of it disposed o as grain In the other leading states Ne braskd produced 221985000 bush els of corn Illinois 200205 OOC Missouri 131016 000 The bureaus report placed th Iowa tame hay crop at 414100 tons at a value of th highest tonnage production In th midwest Boxing An Industry SYDNEY Australia union hours for boxers wrestler and trainers are the latest sugges tions of professional sports in Aus tralla One newspaper sarcasticall remarks that We may yet live t see a minister for boxing and wres ling in the cabinet PULSE OF THEFARM I was an interested observer on lie sidelines at the annual Farm Bureau meeting in the YMCA last klonday Here were possibly 200 busy men nd women taking a day off hav ng a good meal of their own cook ng listening to reports of what ad been accomplished during the ast year and planning for the fu ure and doing it quietly and in rder One got the impression that here was nothing frantic about iiem but there was a reserve of orce that could be counted on in mergencies I was especially pleased by the altitude of the group toward the iroposed separation of the Exten sion Department work from the Tarm Bureau It was bluntly stated hat every farm organization hould stand on its own feet and if t could not it deserved to fail They Are Builders Conversely when the reports of he activities of the boys and girls n club work and of the women In lome work were read I wondered vhat could be substituted for this tind of effort to better country life Take the 225 boys now in club work and needing leaders Who can estimate the good to future farmers and citizens that will come through that item alone 7 Most men and wo men can look back to their early days to some person who decidedly changed the current of their lives and these boys and girls are twigs that are being bent into shapes tha will be rather permanent Just now I can think nothing that is do tag this work for country life as well as the Farm Bureau and i such leadership can come from among the farm men and women It is a consumation much to be dc sired Women Want More Work In this connection it is interestinu to note that the women in the Fartr Bureau are insisting that theyd not want to be an auxiliary They want equal opportunities to wori for rural betterment and I hope they get recognition on all farm programs Battleships In Peace Times Some folks are inclined to into hysterics over the tremendous cost of this recovery program bu they will give but a passing glanci to an item that states that th government is going to spend 47 870000 in the next three years or five battle ships VIore Potatoes Are Stored in Insulated Houses This Season By insulating gable ends and oofs of banktype potato storage ouses some farmers in Maine are toring 50 per cent more potatoes n given floor spaces than is pos ible when they use only the base ments of uninsulated structures ays the V S bureau of agricul ural engineering These farmers re piling potatoes 16 feet high in tead of S to 10 feet as is the cus om when using only the basement or potatoes and the upper part to tore farm implements Insulated ouses if ventilated effectively af ord better control of temperature nd humidity than uninsulated ypea In building new potato houses of he usual oneandonehalf story leight farmers If they insulate the ipper parts are able to cut the engths of buildings 20 to 35 per ent without reducing the storage lapacity The savings in excava ions concrete and lumber for the ihorter buildings usually cover the costs of insulating No upper floors are used in the new houses and only enough framing to prevent spread ng at eaves and to provide run ways for handling potatoes brought in through the upper doors The practice of storing imple ments in tlie upper parts of stor age houses is objectionable because the moisture from the potatoes causes parts of the machinery to rust Hog Slaughter to Be Reduced in US Slaughter supplies of hogs in th United States during the remainde t this winters marketing seasoi will be much smaller than last win ter says the Bureau of Agriculture Economics reporting currently o world hog and pork prospects It i also probable that the averag weight of hogs marketed will b lighter than last year Domestic wholesale prices of por tended to be about steady durin November but prices of hogs de dined sharply Prices of hogs aver aged higher in Europe during th month and prices of pork advance in British markets Imparts of lar into Great Britain have been consit erably larger this year than las and Imports of lard into German have Increased In recent months The United States is the majn source of lard Imports for thes countries The bureau reports that the Dan ish government is trying to reduc hog production in line with the re duced outlet for Danish bacon Great Britain Sample of American humor hear In a streetcar She has a cold i her head but thats better tha State Journa Farmers Union Oil Group Protests Proposed Taxes DBS MOINES Dec station and tank wagon men of the Farmers Union CoOperative Oil as sociation of Iowa meeting in Des Moinegthis week added their pro test to statewide criticism of pro visions of the new Iowa motor ve hicle fuel tax bill now pending In the special session of the legisla ture Because the proposed law broadens the base of the gasoline tax structure to include kerosene distillate tractor fuel and other fuel oil W G Ashline state man ager of the Farmers Union CoOper ative Oil association declared it will add more than a year to Iowas tax burden most of which will fall on the farmers of the state More Information on Old Schoolhouses Given Farm Editor By MISS VIENNA GAYLOKD Editor GlobeGazette In your paper of Dec 14 I am misquoted as saying that the brick schoolhouse southeast of Nora Springs was the first schoolhouse in Rock Grove township Floyd county Instead I said that my information would list it as the third one after the two log ones That would make it the fifth The first one was east of our log house here about 20 rods The sec ond one about the same distance west These wire large houses and of good height Thcs winter enroll ment was enlarged by pupils of ma turity After about two years the first house was one night sup posedly by sparks from the fire place The walls this house were standing trees in he morning but volunteers cut them and raisec them into walls by night of the same day Nov 14 1853 This is of importance because this was the first building for public use in the two north tiers of coun ties in Iowa I have the original rec ord of the meeting on Oct 27 1853 when nine householders and six transients agreed to build such i house on Nov 14 Also I have tin sworn statement by John M Hunt first judga of Floyd and Cerro Gordo counties that the house was built that November He remem bered because when he started on a 100 mile trip eastward to sell ven ison there was no schoolhouse bu it stood there when he returnee from McGregor Editors Note The account of thi school as written by him stated tha Miss Gaylord could only say tha this schoolhouse was not the firs schoolhouse built in Rock Grov township Somewhere between hi copy and the printed page the not dropped out but the lines that fo lowed indicated that there was a earlier log schoolhouse Largest Chickasaw Corn Loan Check Is Received NEW HAMPTON Dec A Sargent New Hampton farmer Monday received a check for 2 47185 from the commodity credit corporation Sargent is the largest corn loan borrower in this county with the money that he received Monday he paid bills and said that be would invest the balance in feed ing hogs He still has more than 2 000 bushels that will be sealed as soon as the sealer has time Eleven applications for com loans were filed in the county recorders office Monday Seventyfour Chick asaw county farmers have asked for from the commodity credit corporation Packers Run to Captains GREEN BAY Wis Green Bay playerr half of the en tire Packers squad were captains in college Bob Monnett led Michigan State Lavie Dilweg Marquette Wuert Engelman S Dakota Gus Michalske Pcnn State Cal Hub bard Geneva Roger Grove Michi gan State Hank Bruder North western Milt Gantenbein Wiscon sin Clark Hfnkle Bucknell Art Bultman Marquette and Lon Evans Texas CARL M SHEIMO AUCTIONEER Farm Sales a Specialty Phone IS or 6003 Fertile Iowa We Pay More for HIDES and FURS CARL STEIN Before You Sell DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed Mason City Rendering Co pay phone calls Phone 1096 ORA BAYLESS AUCTIONEER Mason City Phona 3082 SPECIAL COURSE GIVEN AT AMES erdsmen Can Get Training on Their Profession Says Kirk EDITORS NOTE Mr Kirk attended the Herdsmans course at Ames in 1928 and feels that it is distinctly worth while for any farm boy who cannot nf ford a more extended course By HORACE KIRK Fertile Few folks know that at Iowa tato college there is a farm course ffered especially to boys arid young men who are interested in farming ut who find it impossible to spend wo or four years in college There re many such persons on the arms who have very little to do throughout the winter months and vho could find time to take up this ourse and thus better their condi ion The herdsmen course as It is nown Is held during the winter emester and to complete It one nust go two winter semesters nf ifferent years This winter the time rill be from Jan 2 to March 21 aud he expense would not have to ex eed 5125 Anyone Can Enroll Anyone with an eighth grade diploma is eligible to enroll and may pecializein either beef or dairy attle The study of beef cattle cov rs everything pertaining to the eed care and management and tlso a study of market conditions Those choosing dairy cattle have a hoice of studying for cow testing association work or to take charge f a dairy herd possibly their own erd at home Those wishing jobs rl are reasonably assured of one after jj finishingthe first winter In addition to this the course alsf akes up the study of soils farq livestock sanitation carip or milk and cream newspaper wr ng and editing and a few claj on other farm animals The sect year takes up practically the sai vork but it is further advanced Get Wide Acquaintance 1 Besides acquiring knowledge from ok3 and instructors they are af i forded the opportunity to get ac quainted with others from different sections but with intersjts in mon In all it is a wonderful oppor tunity for young men aud boys who can to secure a change in their daily routine of work and at a prov fit to themselves Agriculture will always need efficient and sive farmers and whether one can feed livestock in a profitable and economical way will be one of Important factors in ones success or failure as a farmer 3 j Those desiring more information should write the Husbandry departlij mcnt Iowa State college BAHEEMTSMA AUCTIONEER Specializing in Farm Sales Phone 53F36 Bt 1 Ventura lu W J MURPHY AUCTIONEER Phone 1977 Mason City Iowa YOUR BEST MARKET HIDES AND FURS Wolf Bros 310 FIFTH ST S W GIVE SANTA CLAUS A HAND MAKING EVERYBODY HAPPY IS A BIG JOB AND CHRISTMAS IS NEARLY HERE If a SMALL bill for a BIG repair job on the ignition system of your car would make you happy then be sure to have the work done at the Central Battery Electric Co We are authorized United Mo tors Man for Mason City since 1920 and our G S policy assures your satisfaction Square Deal PHONE 494 117 119 SODELAWARE AVE ;