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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITI IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 19 1944 Vive Ccnti Copy Paper Consistsat Two SecUoiuSectioa Annotated Uniud fna Full YANKS STRIKE AT BIG NAZI DRIVE News Blackout Fails to Show If Yanks Checked 20 Mile Gain Superforts Hit Plant in Japan and Bombard Shanghai and Nanking Washington based Superfortresses Tuesday pounded an enemy aircraft plantat Omura on the Japanese home island of Kyushu and attacked targets Shanghai and Nanking on the China coast A war department communique said that results of the attack on the Omura aircraft plant could not be determined because the heavy cloud cover The B29s bombed through an overcast with the use of precision instruments Good to excellent results were achieved in the raid on docks and engineering works al ELAS FORGES CAPTURE PRISON Counter Attack Is Launched by British Shanghai and Nanking however Weather over the targets there xvas clear A medium force of the B29s from the 20th bomber command possibly comprising 40 planes carried out the raids Little op position was encountered from enemy fighters 5 of which were shot down by the B29 crews Three more enemy fighters were probably destroyed and 9 dam aged A Japanese imperial communi que reported that between 30 and 40 Superfortresses bombed Omura in the 5th reported attack on the city since last July The communique telling of the attacks followed shortly a report that serious damage had been in flicted on the Mitsubishi aircraft plant in Mondays raid at Nagoya Japans 3rd largest city Large fires were observed the wake of direct hits on a Mit subishi aircraft plant a communi que said The raiders numbering prob ably upwards of 100 apparently inflicted serious damage the department reported Superfortress crews reported they had destroyed 2 enemy planes probably destroyed 6 and damaged 3 None of the B23s was lost to enemy action the communique said War department spokesmen said the Mitsubishi plant struck in Mondays raid was not the Hat sudoki factory pounded in the first raid Dec 13 The raid at Nagoya on Japans principal island of Honshu was carried out simultaneously with a raid by China based Superfort resses on the Japanese occupied city of Hankow in China Tuesdays attack was carried ou in medium force against industrial targets on Kyushu one oE the main islands of the Japanese homeland Continue Gains on Mindoro Isle American ground forces ad vanced unopposed on Mindoro is land the central Philippines in sharp contrast to fierce fighting on Leyte Gen Douglas Mac Arthur announced the 26th divi sion has been annihilated in a crushing Yank vise on Leyte anc the U S 77th division has seized an airport near Valencia in the center of bloody Ormoc valley More than half of the 742 Japa nese planes knocked out last week in the Philippines were accounted for by fast carrier forces under command of Vice Adm John S McCainwho declared give me enough fighter planes and we can go up to the empire and do the same thing to Japan proper American planes will soon be taking off from newly bnilt air dromes on Mindoro within half an hours flying time of Manila Associated Press War Correspond ent Elmont Waite reported Only opposition to the invasion he said has been by Japanese aircraft Chinese turning the tables on the invaders in central China drove to within 6 miles of Chin ChengKiang golden city on the railway 81 miles west of the form er U S airbase at Liuchow in Kwangsi province Athens strong ELAS st ack on the Averoff prison has orced the British to abandon the astion Quisling Expremier Jean lallis who apparently escaped during the disorder was being sought Tuesday The attack on the prison was made late Monday Tuesday morn ng the British launched a coun terthrust to relieve the 115 police men 149 wardens and members of the British garrison A British communique said the British gar rison and 130 of the Greeks in the prison and some political prison ers were successfully withdrawn The ELAS immediately began to fortify the prison It was estimated that some 205 men and 30 women prisoners out of 475 persons held there escaped in the disorder Most of the in mates were awaiting trial on poli tical charges The fate of the remainder o the Greek prison attendants and the other prisoners was not im mediately known All cells werelocked when the westwing caught fire from mor tar shells The hunt for Rallis was taken up immediately by the British and Greeks and undoubtedly by the ELAS Rallis became premier in April 1943 and resigned by his own de cree the day the German com mander quit Athens Oct 13 the 67 year old lawyer was imprisonec by the government of Premier George Papandreou In an inter view then Rallis contended he took over the premiership during the nazi occupation to combat com munism British authorities said the re capture ol Rains was considered a highest level affair He was reported to have visited his wifes apartment briefly shortly after his escape Meanwhile RAF headquarters a Kifissia 12 miles northeast o Athens was subjected to a stiff ELAS siege with noncombattan RAF clerks and base officers thus far successfully holding ou against 600 ELAS troops seeking to halt strafing by rocketfiring Beaufighters and Spitfires The British communique sale ELAS troops were being clearec from the mam AthensPiraeus highway and that imperial troop were consolidating their position astride the route Elsewhere in Greece the com munique said There is nothing to report JAP CRUISER DUCKS U S and cling at high speed this Jap heavy cruiser leaves a turbu lent wake in this photo just released by the navy as she tries to avoid dive and torpedo bombers The large circles at the left are near misses The action took place during a recent carrier attack on Manila Bay F R RETURNS FROM TRIP TO WARM SPRINGS President Tanned a Few Pounds Heavier After 3 Weeks Vacation Washington If President Roosevelt returned Wednesday rom a 3 weeks vacation at Warm Springs Ga Facing momentous months in the fields of war and allied diplo nacy plus the beginning ot a 4th erra and organization of a new congress the chief executive ame back to the capital sun anned and a few pounds heavier He arrived by special train and vent immediately to the white louse to start a routine day He returned from Georgia via Lejcune on New Hiver at Churchill Backs Troop Use Against Riots in Belgium London Minister Churchill blocked Tuesday a full scale commons review of the war and the strife in Greece but was forced into a new hottempered defense of British troopsin inter F R FIRM ON 6 NOMINEES Pepper Abandons Fight to Delay Confirmation Washington Claude Pepper announced aft er a telephone conversation with President Roosevelt Tuesday that he was going to abandon his fight to delay senate confirmation of 6 top state department nominations Pepper said the president told him that if the senate failed to act on the pending nominations in this session of congress the same list would be forwarded to the new congress which meets Jan 3 In view of that fact there is nothing we could accomplish by delaying senate action until the next congress we are willing to let the matter come to a vote immediately Pepper told report ers Pepper who had led a new deal revolt against the nomina tions on grounds that they were too conservative and out of char acter with the liberal record of the Soosevelt administration said he was authorized by President Roosevelt to say that if any of the nominees fails to carry out admin istration policies he will be dis missed vention in Belgium We were acting under Ameri can instructions he said in up holding use of armed force in last months riots in Keferrins repeatedly to Geh Eisenhower in hitting back at the acid criticism of opposition mem bers Churchill said a great bat tle is proceeding now He de clined to give a review of the gen eral war situationon the ground hat Eisenhower was right in im posing a temporary news black out on western front develop ments He reported the situation in Greece has greatly improved but refused to elaborate Churchill made it clear that if the house of commons wanted an immediate review of the Greek situation it would have to come on a vote of parlia mentary maneuver which would mean his government would stand or fall on the outcome The opposition did not appear disposed to accept the challenge of these forms Iaborile E m a n u e 1 Shimvelt sought to pin the prime minister down on the question of whether establishment of a regency in Greece is heing in any way frus trated or impeded by the attitude of Kins George n of Greece I said just now that I had no further statement to make at pres ent on Greece the prime minister said Would not it be wise to advise that all shooting should stop in Greece and that a debate should take place not here but in Ath ens asked Gallacher Communist William Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy am afraid you can not always stop shooting bjsaying you would I like to stop it retorted Church ill Opponents of Britains policy shifted then to Belgium challeng ing Churchills apcount of precau tionary steps taken in November when truck loads of armed insur gents were moving on Brussels from Mons Churchill said he checked the facts he gave last week with the best authorities Most ot the dis arming of insurgents had been done by Belgian authorities he 52id bat in a few cases Belgian civilians willingly approached British troops to surrender their arms and they were naturally helped to do so Then he added The attitude of the British military authorities was regulated by instructions received from the supreme military commander Those instructions were in full ac cord with views of British govern ment and we should be glad to share his responsibility Churchill said Gen Eisenhower himself visited Brussels and gave very decided and clear instructions as to the importance of preserving tranquility of communications Therefore he added far from withdrawing anything I said in my speech I may say that ma ture reflection apart from some small details leads me to reiter ate it Sir Richard Acland common wealth party leader suggested the YEAR AGO prime minister should check up j Maximum on his sources of information 1 Minimum which seem to be letting him down all over the world The sharp exchange continued as Churchill recounted his version of a demonstration at the Belgian parliamentary house I believe there was also an ad vance bya large crowd on parlia ment house or wherever it was he began A peaceful demonstration shouted Sir Hichaid A peaceful demonstration un Lil you get well mixed up with roops continued Churchill An unarmed demonstration broke in Sir Hichard Churchill answered You dont know who is armed or who is not in these days when a small pistol can be producec from a packet At any rate there was firing and very regrettable loss life With tempers taut and the house turbulent Aneurin Sevan bitter and frequent critic o Churchill openly scoffed at the prime ministers account of th Belgian situation and demanded Will he desist from deceiving the house in this irresponsibli manner Ajnid cries of withdraw Churchill snapped back I cer tainly do not ask Mr Sevan tc withdraw Insults from him an compliments Then he asserted I repeat that supreme Ameri can authorities and British au thorities on the spot were ex tremely anxious about the posi tion in Brussels for 4 or 5 days surrounding these events I have not tried to deceive the house Why should I try to deceive the house I should certainly not think Mr Bevan worth trying to deceive Busy Getting All Set to Spread Cheer Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Little change in temperature JLowest Tuesday night about 10 above at all points Iowa Increasing cloudiness with light snow beginning over west portion Tuesday night and cov ering entire state Wednesday Becoming colder in west portion Wednesday Moderate to fresh winds Shippers forecasts Southwest 20 other sections 15 Minnesota Fair becoming cloudy with light snow late Tuesday night colder northwest Tuesday nightWednesday snow flurries and colder fresh to strong winds Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Jacksonville N Car where Mon day afternoon he made a 2 hour nspection tour of the vast marine combat reservation This was his only side trip outside of Georgia during his absence from Washing ton On the drive through he camp with its commandant Maj Gen John Marston he saw among other things a group of 64 ma rine war dogs parade with their trainers while TNT blasts went off in simulation of combat ex plosions Mr Roosevelt planned to hold riis regular news conference late Tuesday It will be the first since the special one he called Nov 27 the day he left for Warm Springs at which he announced the resig nation of Cordell Hull as secretary of state For5ecurHy reasous news the Irlp was wHnheld president was back in the white house Representatives of the Associated Press United Press and International News Service accompanied the parly The chief executive transacted official business during his trip much as though he had been at his desk in Washington His little white cottage atop Pine mountain overlooking the Warm Springs foundation for the aftertreat ment of infantile paralysis fairly hummed with dictation and the comings and goings of secretaries with war reports and congres sional news During his absence he signec more than 75 bills and vetoed a few kept promptly informed o the European political develop ments and reorganised the whole top level of the state department All of the executive actions how ever were announced at the house in Washington Despite the heavy routine Sir Roosevelt slept 10 to 12 hours every night sunned himself on his cottage terrace drove his lit tie touring car around the coun tryside on sunny afternoons and bathed in the warm waters of the Foundation pool He made 2 informal speeche while away As is his custom on such trips he spoke to the polii patients at a turkey dinner the night of his arrival Nov 28 Al though lie talked about half an hour to some 300 people th speech was officially classed a oft the record He spoke again a few moment from the rear of his train just be fore it pulled out Sunday after noon for Camp Lejeune He re called to the villagers what h called his joking in similar speech in the spring o to the fact that he woulc be back the following year there was no war All the papers in the countrj he said got excited over that re mark But there was a war h added and continued that thi time war or no war he hoped t be back in the spring Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday A1 4 Gasoline Coupon in A Books Will Become Valid Friday REPORTED t 02599 lie ills on Club Fat a nil Al Jecketji Trim Dtp at I men I Levmsoit JlolicGaiclte C5rl Employes tarn Raizes Department Slore iam RafzcH Department Store cmrar nilsa Con Icy pi oyes Harvester Em Bonnie and Gzyle t y W OHice Force O L Clot U and Mike McCoy au Class Ord Period Mason City II S A C of Grace Kranfelieal Church Amy and lon Trinity Lutheran Ladies Atd From Lt Eloise Rittledre Some where in France Sirs Iavid Burlington Wash ivaleilale United Service Club Class First Congrega tional Church 5ubarbiui Friends First CttlslUn thurch Mission ry Fund GG Business Office Spares THE BATS TOTAL TO DATE 00 300 iono lOD Heavy Costly Fights Raging Along 60 Mile Western Front Sector n American doughboys and tanks STRUCK at the German armorpowered counteroffen sive tliat bad cut 20 miles into Belgium while to the north Urst army patrols crossed the Roer river barrier into Duren American blows to stabilize the front were thrown in as the bold nazi push probed into Belgium and Luxembourg on a 60 mile front The first army maintained pressure on the Cologne front despite the menacing counteroffensive Just before noon patrols of the 83rd di visions 329th regiment crossed the formidable Roer river arid pushed into Duren stronghold city 20 miles from Cologne Supreme headquarters imposed security silence on the powerful German counteroffensive but a FLYING FORTS RAID NEAR LINE Tackle Targets Close Behind Nazi Offensive London Three hundred 1 T H the dol lars rolling in at a rate which presag es success for the 1944 C h r i stmas Cheer Fund the Social Welfare league o f f ice in the old city hall is just about the bus iest place in Mason City these final days be fore Christmas Judicious use of the money poured in by a gen erous community is vastly im portant While needy homes are not as nurnerous this year as in some previous years there is added de termination on the part of Miss Doris Bruce and her associates that none shall be missed Organizations planning to give baskets of their own can insure themselves against an undesira ble duplication by clearing names on a confidential basis with the Social Welfare league Every year the list ot donors to this cause includes many outof Mason City such as the Hanford Ladies aid society This is to say that their generosi ty has been greatly appreciated The generous contribution list ed above from the GlobeGazette girl employes came about through canceling plans for the annual Christmas party planned for themselves Each gave her share of the cost of the party to Christ mas Cheer for somebody else Four giving days remain in this years solicitation It will come formally to a close Saturday noon The daily addition is igoing to have to exceed S1QO if the cash goal is to be reached If YOU havent yet given per haps RIGHT NOW youll want to send your contribution to Christmas Cheer Fund Care GlobeGazette Mason City loiva Flying Fortresses spread nearly 1000 tons of explosives on Ger man supply lines immediately be hind counterattacking nazi groups Tuesday It was the first mission ot its kind in the European war The British based heavyweights crammed with fragmentation bombs and high explosives struck at 3 rail and 5 road junctions on a 50 mile front stretching from Trier north to Gemund The daylight blows followed an attack Monday night by some 300 RAF Lancasters on German war ships sheltered in the Baltic port of Gdynia north ol Danzig Other British bombers struck Nurhberg and Munster J Tuesday wasthc fgst time 4 engincd dreadhaughts had been dispatched in the European war to tackle targets so close behind an enemy counterotfensive That precision task usually is left to medium or dive bombers The Forts however were called in with their trainloads of bombs to carpet the vital German trans portation network directly serving Fielfl Marshal Karl Gerd von Rundstedts powerful thrust The U S 8th airforce bombers nccompanied by a small force of Thunderbolts made the emergen cy mission through thicfc clouds and released their loads at the usual operational altitude about 4 miles First reports said there was no aerial opposition 1 Washington is Scrub Walls to usc Remove Slogans On Friday 6 A14 coupons in XT each basic A book will become 10 INaZlS valid Each of the new A14 cou pons will be good for 4 gallons of gasoline They will remain valid through March 21 1945 IS KILLED 21 Madera Cal Officer II Paul M Harper 22 son of Mrs Alice K Harper Malvern Iowa was killed Sunday when a Ham mer Field twinengine 44 j plane crashed 25 i cdrii airport London the German army driving back into Belgium Belgian civilians are hurriedly scrubbing from walls and build ings slogans derogatory to the nazis front dispatches said Tues day One correspondent told oi seeing a man hastily washing from the side of his home a pic tufe of Hitler receiving a kick in jnciigme fighter I the pants The Belgians he said near the old Ma1 were stunned by the turn of i events Buy your Stamps from carrier boy War Bonds and your GlobeGazette 1st army dispatch said 1 German tank thrust below Monschau had some success in a frontal push with the Germans being contained on some sectors The Germans were striking from above Monschau to near Echternach The deep plunge into Belgium carried a broad flanking threat to Aachen The German onslaught was powered by massed reserves and supported by a new vengeance weapon of an undisclosed type Sn preme headquarters was silent on details of the battle But the Germans at 1 point were 20 miles or more inside Bel gium and 25 miles south and slightly west of Aachen An air report told of British Typhoons shootingup naziarmored vehicles west of Stavelpt which lies 18 airline rriilfs and road from the German border The 1st army line had been wedged back 15 miles or moreat this point The enemy assault gouging in at Stavelot may have been launched from somewhere west of the rcich border itself The first army patrols sent into Duren felt out one of the main strongholds on the Cologne plain The Germans had pulled back to the east bank of the Roer on a broad front above and below Duren after weeks of long costly battle Heavy German artillery fire fell on the first and ninth army fronts Ninth army men in the Linnich area above Duren mopped up the towns of Wurm and Mullendorf Along the southern sector of the long western front the U S sev enth army hacked at stubborn German resistance along a line running 20 miles northwest from the Rhine German artillery was WHERE GERMANS LAUiN7CH COUNTERATTACKS German counterattacks struck on the American 1st army front overrunning Yank positions in the area of Honsfield Belgium and also hitting south of Hecknuscheid south west of Vianden and south of Echternach The U S 3rd army gained near Dillingen and beyond Sarreguemines Seventh army men took 5 German villages including Bobenthal ;