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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AM ARCHIVE OES MOl NES I f THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL 14 Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased Wiru IFiva Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 18 1944 Tlus Paper Consists of Two NO 60 I One Mans Opinion A Kadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MIJOU City Sunday p m AVOI Anm Honda p m KUMO IJaanibil Tuesday p m KSCJ Sioux city Wednesday p m HSUI lona Citj Wednesday p m KICD Spencer Friday p m A Now it Con Be Told Story V FEU DAYS AGO I received one of the most welcome let ters Ive ever had Curiously enough it was written by about 3 months Lon don It was the 12th of the series of 51 articles I wrote during my 7 weeks in the European theater of war operations That letter and the even more interesting story back of it is go ing to be the subject matter for this commentary Lets start at the beginning TT was about 4 oclock one sunny September afternoon when my editorial colleague Fred Chris topherson of the Sioux Falls S Dak Argus Leader arrived at the Hells Arigels bomber base somewhere in England It was from this field that Clark Gable flew his first mission over Eu rope We were in a jeep assigned to us with driver by the divi sional commander As we sped through the beauti fulhedirerowed countryside Hie air above us was filled with sil very Flying of them heading for their home bases following a missionin force over synthetic oi plants at Merse bnrjr Germany The giant planes which had hopped pff at daybreak that morning from Hells Angels field what was left of LASH AT ADVANCING NAZIS B29 Fleets Blast Nagoya and Hankow were down just beginning to sit Reds Shell Inner Defense of Budapest Moscow big guns firing from newly won positions within miles of Budapest crashed an avalanche steel against the inner defenses of the Hungarian capital Monday while red army units reached the Slovak border at a new point 72 miles northeast of the city The scope of the red armys Hungarian offensive was empha sized by the official communist party newspaper Pravda which said that as many German divi sions were engaged on the south ern sector of the eastern front as against all the allied forces in the west Pravda repeated figures pur porting to show that 220 enemy divisions 200 of them German were tied up in the east as of Dec 1 The Pravda article was directed against the U S Army and Navy Journal for questioning whether Russia had fulfilled the military decisions of Tehran Hundreds of Germans were slain in the bloody fighting that resulted SHARP GAINS MINDORO BY YANK FORCE Japs Sight American Fleet jn Sulu Sea New Invasion Hinted By ELDON OTTENHEIMER Associated Press War Editor Superfortresses p o s si b 1 y 200 strong hit vulnerable Nagoya Japanese industrial city and Han kow China Monday as American doughboys on newly invaded Min doro in the Philippines made sharp gains while bloody fighting con Launch Athens forces launched a fullscale drive against left wing ELAS forces in Athens Monday and it appeared likely to be only a matter of hours before the Of the capital is lifted Within a short time as we arrived at the field I Sunday in the capture of Fot 5 About every 3rd plane we noted miles northeast of Budapest and Mogyorod 8 miles from the cap ital the Russians announced The Germans came back with dropped ared flare just before coining over the field That meant Theres at least one wounded boy aboard this ship From a point of vantage we saw those wounded boys being trans ferred to ambulances and hastened to field hospitals We saw the lads not wounded step grimy and carewbrrj and file downVa almost exactly seenK pictured in the movies Holly wood doesnt al waysachieve such a marked fi delity to the real thins AS the lads still in their flying gear munched their dough nuts and sipped their coffee I had from them a firsthand ac count of the terribly rough mis sion just completed by them Damn the Oak they were muttering On this occasion and subsequently I learned that giv en a clioice members of a bomb tinued on Leyte Lt Gen Millard eommander of the F Harmon strategic air furious counterblows by the luft waffe selfpropelled waves of infantry guns and ng crew prefer tion to flak You can see fighter opposi fighter planes The red army thrust to Slovakia with the captureof 40 towns in cluding Susa represented a gain of 15 milts northwest of Miskolc certain that remain in Kasssi the biggestcity sllll hold in southeastern Slo vakia for it is rapidly being out Hanked to the west in this drive As Marshal Rodion Malinovskys 2nd Ukraine army pushed relent lessly forward alongside units of Marshal Ivan Petrovs 4th Ukraine army Ihe entire German salient ill eastern Slovakia was in extreme danger forces Pacific ocean areas holds no hope that B29 raids knock Japan out of the war quickly and says we expect Japan will be on her feet and fighting in 1946 But in Japan Tokyos influen tial newspaper Asa hi views the invasion of Mindoro with trepida tion and in an editorial warns vic tory there would give America full control of tomorrows military situation The Japanese news agency Domei in an unconfirmed broad cast said Nipp9nese planes sighted an enemyfleet of considerable strength in the Sulu sea south of Mindoro which may mean an other INVASION of a Philippines island is in the the fleet IOWAN DIES IN CRASH Oakland Nelson 45 was killed and Ted Anderson was injured Sunday when the car in which they were riding swerved off the road and rolled over sev rnniir A a eraUimcs Both men were Oak Contuiuefl on Page 2 iand residents LUCKY what Staff Sgt Phil Smith of Ot tumwa is saying to Staff Sgt Bob Jarvia of Pittsburgh Y as he examines the tetters leather jacket which was ripped in half a dozen places by flak in a rugged raid over Merseburg Germany s The picture was taken by a Hells Angels bomber base photographer somewhere in England and was con tained in a letter from the GlobeGazettes managing edi tor Earl Hall which is the basis of the One Mans Opinion commentary reproduced in full in this issue Because the letter involved an American bomber pilot wounded in action the No 12 in Mr Halls series lias been held up by censorship for more than 2 months The interesting story back of it is related in this commen tary A cap in Sgt pocket was pierced by one of the pieces of flying but almost miraculously the New York lad who like his Iowa comrade Sgt Smith re ceived his radio training at Sioux Falls S Dak escaped without injury Both lads were up at 3 oclock the next morning to hop off on a Flying Fortress bombing raid over synthetic oil plants at Anklan Germany 5 Superfortresses flyingfrombases in the Marianasbombed Nagoya for 2 hours with approximately the same number of planes as left the Mitsubishi owned Hatsudoki airplanes factory in flames Dec 13 In the previous raid it was in dicated at least 100 of the big bombers participated None was lost over the target but one was forced down at sea Its crew was rescued Vern Haugland Associated Press war correspondent with the 21st bomber command said after the planes took off Monday Brig Gen Haywood Hansell Jr revealed that photos of last Fridays Na goya raid showed the airplane fac torj1 one of Japan largest had been damaged more than previ ously supposed He said 4 large assembly buildings and 22 smaller structures in the factory area were destroyed and damaged Mondays raiders Haugland wrote had reports on clear weath er ahead out also faced he pros pect of heavier ackack fire Japanese headquarters admitted the Nagoya raid by approxi mately 70 B29s and as usual said we suffered only slight damage The Nagoya raid was announced by the war department in Wash ington which also disclosed a raid against Hankow China the first by B29s evidently operating from bases in India Yank forces on Mindovo were 11 miles from their beachhead es tablished Friday morning and meeting little resistance Engin eers were readying captured air strips which are only 150 miles or less than a half hours flight from Manila In some of the bloodiest battling to date on Leyte Americans out flanking the Nipponese Yamas hita line at the southern end of the Ormoc corridor killed 2012 Japa nese soldiers Tanks of the 77th infantry di vision drove 7 miles to within 2 miles of Valencia headquarters of General Suzuki commander of the 35th Japanese army To the north the American first dismounted cavalry and the 32d division made steady progress southward toward an ultimate juncture with the 77th and 7th after jumping off at dawn the British had captured an ELAS strong hold on the highway leading from Athens through the summer resort of Phaleron to the Kala maki airport The ELAS forces estimated at about 200 had bar ricaded themselves in a brewery and were equipped with heavy machine guns The Kalamaki airport already bad been cleared to a depth of 300 yards and British armored ve hicles were traversing the road from Athens to Piraeus Before the main attack began British forces took Sikelias hill due south of the Acropolis which had been strongly held by the ELAS The first goal of the British cleanup operations was to open the main highway between Ath ens the Port of Piraeus and Kalamaki airport Armored forces as well as in fantry participated A number of prisoners were taken in the first hours of the drive Strong ELAS forces mean while made simultaneous attacks upon RAF headquarters and Averoff prison which was helci by a British detachment and Greek police The prison houses a number political prisoners RAF headquarters was defend ed by HAF forces and British in fantry Fighting increased following rejection by British Commander LtGen R M Sdobie ofjef T Britishheadquarters reportec that Scobie turned down thf peace offer because it did no provide for the immediate cessa tion of the 2weeks old civil war fare as a preliminary to fina roup Giving 3elp Boost heer Drive negotiations Meanwhile the American posi tion of strict neutrality in thi Greek political crisis was re affirmed by a high military spokesman who said America activities were strictly limited t relief and rehabilitation FIRE DAM AGES THREE STORES Firemen at St Ansgar Active Over Weekend St did consider able damage to 3 business places in St Ansgar Sunday and Mon day The Brook bakery and cafe was damaged by water in a fire Sun day morning and the entire stock of the Joe Gorth Jack Sprat gro cerjand considerable equipment belonging to the Miller cafe ad joining the Gorth store was lost Monday morning Firemen were still lighting the flames at the Gorth store at noon MondayPart of the grocery stack was covered by insurance but the cafe was without protection The entire story of the cafe was gutted although some of the kitchen equipment was sal vaged PHEV1OUSLV REPORTED S Mr and Mrs Tom Fatland Club Dick and Mary deny Carnes Oil Company Edltli R Carrlnilort Lynch bury Va Composing Boom Anonymous w FnrteVnaT CJaifriCant Keorramied Cburch of letter Day Satats Biverly Kay Lewis Mason CHr Chapter O A It O T Club Belly Floor Deckers GlobeGazelle Pressroom Employes Mason Cily M D Gary Brophy Rockwell Ladles Cemelerv Society M B S Gait la Croup 1 Jlrst Contretllional Church E T W Club GlobeGazelle Miilinr Room Employes Catholic naucblers o America Marshall Swift and Employes From a Friend of Children Womens Auxiliary to the Cen tral Ijibor Union Circle B ot Wesley Metbodlht Church toyles Press Employes DAYS TOTAL TOTAL TO PLANES SMASH RAILS LEADING TO NAZI DRIVE 1100 Bombers and Fighters Race to Blazing Front Line London IP Eleven hundred eavy bombers and fighters raced iom Britain to the flaming Amer can 1st army battlefront Monday nd smashed 3 German railheads upplying the German counterof ensive Five hundred American Flying dumped 2000 tons of lombs on Cologne Cobleuz and ifainz despite solid cloud which blanketed them from view The clouds robbed the fighter 3scort of GOO Mustangs of a chance to mix it with German ighters The daylight blows followed a night pummeling of Munich Ulm ind Duisburg by 1300 British heavy bombers 17 of which were ost The oiff RAF planes dropped an estimated 7000 tons of bombs on he 3 German cities all key points In the nazi railuay network American fighters with belly anks of extra fuel ranged ahead of the American heavy bombers Monday to meet any challenge in Ihe skies over western Europes flaming battlelines The triple blow Sunday one of the first struck by German Planes Armor Aid Attack Gains of Several Miles Made Paris AP Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges U S 1st army struck back at advancing German columns of infantry and armor in Belgium and Luxembourg Monday in a FIERCE BATTLE which may prove to be one of the most decisive of the war The allied command accepted the challenge of Field Mar shal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundsiedt who was attempting his greatest counteroffensive against American troops in Europe But the situation at the front was reported extremely fluid and for this reason supreme headquarters decided upon Nazis Claim Forces Near Belgian Line ROUP giving OH the large scale heavy bombers in weeksrrcame in of a day of bitter air combat between German and al lied fighters The Germans lost 108 fighters and bombers blasted out of the air Sunday in air battles accom panying the enemys ground at tacks Two RAF fighters were lost both due to flak and 31 American pursuit craft were listed as missing From all sectors allied fighter craft were the HAF Spitfires Tempests and Ty phoons from the a sudden break in the weather ex posed long columns ot German tanks trucks and troops moving slowly toward the battle raging in the American 1st army lines The break in the weather forced the German command to rush planes in the air in an attempt to provide cover for he attacking ground troops American bombers based in Britain could not get into the fray Sunday due to bad weather Fight erescorted American Flying Fort resses and Liberators from Italy however crossed the Alps and bombed railroads at Salzburg near the old GermanAustrian frontier a target at Wels oil refineries at Belchhammer and Odertal in Ger man Salesia and Ostrava refinery London fP Berlin said Mon day night Ihe Germans had crossed the northern part ot Lux embourg on a broad front and were nearing the Luxembourg Belgium border The alliedcon trolled radio station at Eindhoven Holland went abruptly off the ail without explanation The northern tip of Luxembourg is at least 8 miles across A Ger man penetration there would place the naiis about 50 miles from Namur and in a position to threat en communication links between the 1st army and other allied armies to the south Fast German units and armored battle groups on the northern wing reached the Malmedy area Berlin declared bitter battles were fought inside towns and villages and some U S tank forces were wiped out the broadcast added a strict BLACKOUT on de tailed information concerning the extent of the enemy ad vances and the counter moves of the Americans However front line dispatches said Hodges had thrown armor against the German thrusts and that British Spitfires and Tern pests came dosvn from Holland to lend a hand to allied air forces The German air force continued to support the German winter strike on the BIGGEST SCALE since the allied landings in Nor mandy A new type of Vweapon was used by the Germans along the 9th army front both by night and day More nazi parachutists were dropped behind American lines Sunday night But these may have numbered no more than 10 Six were caught Tabulations from Sth tactical air command headquarters said 129 German planes had been shot down in 24 than 20 Report Hitler Visited Front 10 Days Ago London Daily Mail dis patch from the western front quoted captured German soldiers Monday as saying Adolf Hitler had visited the front 10 days ago The prisoners asserted Hitler told troops in the Roer river area to hold on till Dec 16 when he prom ised the Americans would be dealt a nasty surprise Weather Report FORECAST Mason city Partly cloudy with moderating temperature Monday night and Tuesday Lowest Monday night about 10 above a Mason City Iowa Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday with rising temperatures Shippers fore western half 10 above eastern half 5 above Minnesota Cloudy with light snow north partly cloudy south warmer Monday night Tues day partly cloudy warmer cast and extreme south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 15 above Min Sunday night 10 below At 8 a ro Monday 8 below YEAR AGO brightest hope that when 1944 solicitation comes formally to an end Saturday noon the to tal received will be well above the mark set as the goal Daily additions to the total on hand will have to be at a rate of more than S100 a day if that ob jective is to be reached That means there can be no resting on the oars If you havent yet sent along YOUR contribution do so at once The address is Christmas Cheer Fund Care GlobeGazette Mason City la the Moravska in Czechoslo vakia Allied tightcrs strafed transports on a rail line southeast of Munich between Roscnhcim and Wels In these and other operations 48 enemy aircraft were destroyed and 29 Italybased allied planes were missing per KILLED Oswald Wilson son of Mr and Mrs S A Wilson of Spring Grove Minn formerly of Mabel is reported killed in I action in France Maximum Minimum 33 15 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 29 Minimum Saturday night 19 At 8 a m Sunday 19 At p m n above YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 22 9 SUBS SINK 33 NIPPON SHIPS Cruiser 3 Destroyers 6 Escorts Are Included Washington if American submarines have sunk 33 more Japanese ships including a light cruiser 3 destroyers and 6 escorl vessels in their latest forays in the Pacific Monday the navy reported DEMOS PLAN DINNER Des Moines The Iowa democratic partys annual S25a plate dinner has been scheduled for Feb 20 at Hotel Fort Des Moines here but Democratic State Chairman Jake More said Mon day the speaker had not been se lected The dinner formerl known as the Jackson Day dinner this year will be designated as th Iowa democratic dinner 14 BELOW AT MARSHALLTOWN Rising Temperature Monday Night Forecast Des Moines mercury dropped to 14 below zero at Mar shalltown during the night to set a new cold mark for the season in Iowa Subzero temperatures were re ported in all sections Arnes Mason City and Waterloo had 10 below the same as the previous minimum for the season in the slate The weather bureau forecast continued cold during the day with rising temperatures Monday niRht Other belowzero temperatures included Iowa City 9 Cedar Rap ids 8 Fort Dodge and Charles City 7 Spencer and Ottumwa 3 La moni Burlington and DCS Moines 2 The highest temperature Sun day was 32 above at Burlington WEST COAST BAN ON JAPS LIFTED Still Exclude Those Considered Dangerous San Francisco IP Japanese removed from the Pacific coast early in the war will be permitted to return to their former homes in California Oregon and Washing ton after Jan 1 Gen Henry C Pratt chief of the western defense command announced Sunday that the war department had decided to revoke its security order under which the persons of Japanese ancestry were evacuated The move Gen eral Pratt said was because of favorable progress of the war in the Pacific as well as other de velopments Henceforth he said they will be excluded only when the army considers them personally dang erous All persons not specifically excluded will be permitted to re turn Reception of the announcement throughout the west was varied In Los Angeles outspoken Mayor Fletcher Bowron declared that if the government permits the Japa nese to return it should send troops to protect them If they come back and start moving war workers to get a place to live I dont know what the re sult will be Bowron said adding that because of inadequate police facilities we just cant guarantee them protection fully husbanded aircraft put over the lines by the German air force Lt Gen William H Simpson commander of the ninth V S N army on Hodges left flank praised the work of the allied tactical air men declaring that despite the great number of planes used by the Germans they are not able to bother us a great deal The Germans declared forward American positions along a 20 mile front had been overrun between Luxembourg and the Hohe Venn high marshland a swampy tract 2200 feet above sea level extend ing for 30 miles from Hotgen to Malmedy But the German command also adopted a cautious attitude and said it was withholding details of tlie action A blue network correspondent at the front said the American second division from Texas and the 78th division were among American forces opposing the new push Throwing hundreds of carefully conserved planes hundreds of tanks many divisions and even parachutists into a surprising winter counteroffensive Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt had achieved a pene tration of SEVERAL MILES in the American lines reinvaded Belgium in the Monschau area 16 miles south oE Aachen and re entered Luxembourg at 2 other points Monday the Germans were pushing their advance along an 80mile front from the Monschau 10 CARS DERAILED Beltendorf cars of a Milwaukee freight train left the tracks near here Sunday damag ing about a quarter of a mile of track after a driving rod on a lo comotive broke No one was in i jurcd Predictions of Violence Heard San Francisco of violence against returning Jap anese rumbled up and down the west coast Monday following the war departments announcement that persons of Japanese ancestry would be permitted to return to their former homes after 33 months of enforced absence in re mote inland relocation centers State Sen Huph P Donnelly chairman of a California state sen ate factfinding committee on Jap anese resettlement said he bit terly regretted the war depart ment order and warned that it might result in bloodshed and vi olence Pratt said he expected some minor incidents but nothing that will require military intervention Leaders of Legion posts and other groups opposed to the return of the Japanese to the west coast indicated however tha they would abide by the order area to the southern tip of the Luxembourg border with NEW and more violent attacks Allied military authorities di recting the battle said U had been decided not to make public speci fic Information now as to the exact places where the German columns were smashing through and how far they bad advanced But first army headquarters dis patches said the Germans had Sained several miles and Ameri can troops were locked in battle The penetration apparently had been AT LEAST 4 miles in one area 10 miles east oE Malmedy a Belgian town just north o the Luxembourg border This was a push by a strong German armored column support ed overnight by artillery and bombing and strafing warplanes on a 7 mile front Several German armored divi sions and infantry divisions were striking savagely and bending back the lines i of the fiercely struggling doughboys Elsewhere along the 80mile front the Germans were delivering stiff punches aimed at seeking soft spots and there were indications the supreme German effort would mount in intensity before it sub sided On many other army fronts there were signs of IMPENDING German blows U S 3rd army dispatches said the heaviest enemy rail movement ever seen behind the 3rd army ;