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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 18, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For Waste of Throw Me Awoy COllP OCPARTMCMT OF AMD ARCHIVES DCS KOIKES VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wii HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWAN5 NEIGHBORS fcive Ccnls a Copy F R TO MEET WITH RAIL AND UNION LEADERS White House Parley to Be Held Sunday to Avert Nationwide Strike Cleveland lead ers and heads of 5 operating brotherhoods will meet with President Roosevelt in Washington Sunday in an effort to avert a strike ordered to start Dec 30 the brotherhood of rail road trainmens president A F Whitney said Saturday house meeting will be at p m central war time and replaces a conference which the national mediation board had scheduled for Monday at Chicago Whitney added He said he and Presidents D B Robertson of the firemen and en Einemen and Alvanley Johnston of the locomotive engineers would attend and presumed that Presi dents H F Fraser of the railway conductors and T C Cashen of the switchmen also would go to Wash ington for the meeting The walkout would go into ef fect first on major systems serving vital industrial areas a strike blueprint sent members of the brotherhoods showed Saturday Union heads outlining plans for the work stoppage to enforce demands for wage increases in structed men on the larger roads to leave their jobs during the first 3 days of the progressive strike The walkout would be completed on the fourth day Jan 2 when workers quit on smaller lines The strike would hil on its opening day the New Vork Cen tral and Pennsylvania systems Also included in the first strikc call at 6 a m local railroad times Dec 30 are these promin ent lines The Atchison Topeka Santa Fe Canadian National Lines in New Central Rail road of New Jersey Chicago Bur lington Quincy Denver Rio Grande Western Lchigh Valley Lehigh New England Norfolk Western Northern Pacific Reading Southern Pacific South ern Railway The Virginian and the Wabashl Plans call for extending the work stoppage on the 2nd day to the Chesapeake Ohio Chicago Eastern Illinois Chicago North Western Delaware Hud son Lackawanna Erie GraYid Trunk Western Great Northern Gulf Coast Lines Illinois Central Kansas City Southern Missouri Pacific Nickel Plate New York New Haven Hartford Pere Marquette Texas Pacific Wheeling Lake Erie and nu merous others On Jan 1 it would extend to such lines as the Baltimore Ohio Chicago Great Western Chicago Milwaukee St Paul Pacific Gulf Mobile Ohio Pittsburgh West VirginiaSea board Air Line St LouisSan Francisco Railway Union Pacific and the Western Pacific Collier and 43 Men Are Believed Lost Boston Thirtyseven mer chantmen and a navy gun crew of six were believed lost Saturday as the Boston collier Suffolk re mained unreported after sending out two radio distress calls durin last Saturdays gale off Montauk Point Long Island Sole hope lay in the possibility that the men may have been picked up by a ship moving with her radio silenced Returning searchers reported they found no trace of survivors or rleons in the area and her owners C H Sprague and Sons of Boston listed her as overdue Claims Husband Put 3 Gallon Weekly Limit on Her Gasoline in 36 Oakland Cal Administrator Ickes didnt origi nate the 3gallon a week gasoline ration My husband did Mrs Mary Athens told the court She won a cruelty divorce decree from James Athens after she testified he started rationing her gasoline in J936 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy MASON CITV IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 18 S the AUantic Coast Line RAIL T i Ulan i it Ljiiit W stoim near Lumberton N Car Rescue workers are shown probing the wreckage foivie i Engineer States He Had No Chance to Avoid Accident icemen and civilians said day that he did not have Chinamans avert the wreck Frank Belknap 67 veteran of years of railroading said there were no warning signals set up lo nofify him of the earlier de railment ot the southbound west coast champion 3 cars of which sprawled across the parallel tracks of his speeding north bound train Wrecking crews still were searching the twisted mass of steel cars 2 of which still had not been pried apart more than 50 hours after the wreck for the bodies of 10 listed as missing and believed pinioned in the wreckage The known victims included 51 servicemen and 21 civilians in cluding a monthandahalfold baby Major S S Snider Mason air base officer who directed the re covery of servicemens bodies said he believed the 10 navy en listed women had been trapped and killed in the 2 cars which were smashed into one tangled mass Belknap who gave his version of the accident at his home in Rocky Mount N Car where is is ill with the flu said he was enable to see the 3 derailed cars because of the glare ot the other engines headlight I did not know that part rot No 91 the southbound train had been derailed he saul But when we passed the engine and got past the glare of the headlights I suddenly saw a man near the tracks trying to flag me Then f saw a second man waving some thing By that time 1 saw the ob struction and applied the emer gency brake but it didnt take effect I dont know why they didnt come down the tracks and put a flag out to warn me We have a 90 mile speed limit and I didnt have a Chinamans chunce to stop When struck he other tram it derailed roy S diesel en gine units Belknap said They didnt turn over but hit a bank and turned back under the de railed cars of the other train He said that because he was sick with the flu f didnt care to go back to the wrecked cars I knew he added I would just be in the way and that I would be vanother casualty on their hands Belknap explained that his ill ness had kept him off the job for a week but that he was called back to work before he had recov ered fully because of the man power shortage Investigations were started by the railroad company and the in terstate commerce commission to determine whether adequate warning signals were given after the first train was derailed Un der ICC rules the crews of stalled trains ore required to place tor pedoes on the tracks and station trainmen with red lanterns along the tracks to flag down approach ing trains Belknap said he heard 110 tor pedoes C G Siblcy general man ager of the railroad said the fire man of the derailed train had tried lo flag the approaching northbound express Passengers on the southbound train charged crewmen of their trainjwttlr laxity and with a complete lack of horse sense Capt army and navy war college in Wash ington said there was no excuse for anyone being scratched and charged that proper safeguards were not taken to warn the ap proaching train He maintained that rescue ef forts were inadequate and that at least a half dozen lives could have been saved if crowbars and handsaws were made available to pry into the twisted steel cars After the collision a conductor on the northbound train walked 3 miles through the 5inch snow to telephone to summon aid Dr H II Hodgin of Keel Springs was the first physician lo arrive reaching the scene about 3 a hour and a half after the wreck Hitler Wouldnt Understand This Denver Hitler wouldnt understand enlisted men and officers of Denvers Loxvry Field were urged Saturday by Chaplain Sidney M Berkoivitz to volunter for all detail and special duty Dec 24 and 25 so Protestant and Catholic personnel would have ample time to cele brate Christmas RUSSIAN WINTER OFFENSIVE NEAR Snow and SubFreezing Winds Sweep Front BULLETIN London Berlin radio repsfted Saturday night that a massive Russian attack by more than 200000 men in the Nevel sec tor east of Latvia had forced the Germans back in what was called a shortening of the front A nazi broadcast said the red army threw into the attack 14 infantry divisions 2 complete tank corps 2 cavalry divisions and 1 artillery division By SHAPIRO Moscow longantici pated Russian winter offensive which military experts have pre dicted will roll the Germans back to the Baltic states Poland and Rumania was believed imminent Saturday as snow and subfreez ing winds swept the front from Leningrad to the Ukraine An air of expectancy prevailed in Moscow and official reports of a lull in the fighting except in the Dnieper bend indicated that thefed army was massing strength in key sectors Tor the first of massive blows promised by President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin against Germany from the east west and south German broadcasts continued to tell of strong Russian attacks and even limited breakthroughs in the Leningrad area and near Nevel 35 miles southwest of Ve Hkie Luki on the central front It appeared possible that the Rus sians already had begun their winter offensive but were delay iiisr any announcement until the success of the campaigns had been assured All red army soldiers have donned their winter kits and transport columns were moving over snowcovered hills and plains on horsedrawn sledges Roads in the northern Ukraine which only 2 weeks ago were an impassable quagmire of mud and slush have hardened facilitating tank operations and speeding the movement of supplies and rein forcements Red air force planes were cred ited with destroying 10 German tanks and 150 trucks laden with infantry Several trains were blown up and up to u battalion of infantry dispersed REACH EDGE OF SAN PIETRO IN GAINS IN ITALY 5th Army Pincers Closing In on Heavily Fortified Village Allied Headquarters Algiers 5th army pincers move ment closed in Saturday on the heavily fortified village of San Pietro 7 miles southeast of Cas sino as the 8th army reported capturing or destroying 15 Ger man tanks in a series of armored battles on the other side of the peninsula American troops reached the outskirts of Sail Pietro hand lo hand fighting continued for the 2nd straight day as the doughboys duff the Germans out of their pillboxes 1 by 1 The Americans now hold heights north east south and southwest of the village a military commen tator said leaving the Germans only 1 road to escape The attack on San Pietro was coordinated with an assault on 1000foot Mount Lungo lo the south of the Rome road Closing of the pincers would chop off a large section of the road near the entrance into the Cassino plain Further inland lioops captured Lagone a 2000foot mountain vil lage 2 miles west of Filignano in hard street fighting Three Ger man attacks northwest of Vena fro were repulsed but in central Italy on the 5th army front illied positions were driven back by a fierce German mountain lunge The critical nature of the strug gle on the 5th army front was evidenced by the fact that the Germans had reinforced their de fense of the hills with a new di vision the 5th mountain division which a military commentator said had come direct from Russia Around San Pietro the enemy was barricaded in innumerable concrete pillboxes and caves and all approaches to the village were guarded with mines and booby the progress of the Americans slow and costly despite the fact that the 5th army now dominates the hills on three sides ot the village Weather Report FORECAST Mason cloudy and warmer Saturday night and Sunday lowest Saturday night in Mason City 30 Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday slightly warmer Saturday night little change in temperature Sunday becoming fair Sunday night Minnesota Partly cloudy and slightly wanner Saturday night Cloudy Sunday Much colcler norlli and colder central por tions Sunday Moderately strong winds Saturday night and Sun da3 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 38 Minimum Friday night 15 At 8 a m Saturday 15 YEAR AGO PRESIDENT WELCOMEDLaughing heartily globe trotting President Roosevelt still wearing plaid shirt and sweater he traveled in is welcomed home to Washington from historic conferences by Representative Joseph M Martin R minority leader of the house Between them in background is Representative Sol Bloom Df i and directly behind president is Michael Reilly secret service chief at white house WITH A a beaming smile and dressed in fancy shirt and sweater President Roosevelt has a smoke and relaxes after his return to the white house SEE ON PAGE Z NO Yanks Gain in New Britain After Taking Cape Merkus Cheer Fund Is Half Way Toward Goal PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Infernos Club B L Alsbury S Norir Newcomers club uf Masor S 530 11 Okli tone aimed Dent Oecbers Circle C of S C S Wesley Methodist Cliurch i 00 In Memory of Mother Mrs Irt Hahtnn The llunlft Corita Penny David Jlramv KJUI Jtin Mn mills M Betniss Jimmy and Bobby MeCaramond Mason CJiy Button Club 200 Mr and Sirs Tom Falland irw It f Chapter P E O Sisterhood yo Senior High School Coys 1hysicsT Training Cfasies Masatt Cilr Association Group Con all on a Guild rvt Harm Menke Jr Camu Halt Colo From Elmer Xeva lies Moines Friend Cfaautauquii Club Madison P T A F E Smith Wilson School First Grade t ITJlsoa Kindergarten 314 Hljh Schoal AnairnFabojf Thr 2 Conxrecatianal Guild Mason Ctiy and Jrofes siona Womens Club Plumbers and Union From a Friend XEW TOTAI Gift Krom JrleiH Local past 24 but the IVING TO THE C H R 1 STMAS CHEER FUND has been really spirited in the hours tempo will have to be higher yet in the 5 remaining days if that stocking held by old Santa C I a u s in the picture above is to be filled to the top The goal is 51500 and just a little less thai half that amount has now been received The largest addition listed above was from the senior high school classes the GlobeGazette newsroom by Instructor Volney Hansen in a quart milk bottle which was filled lo the top with coins ot all denom inations One of the most cncouragin straws in the wind was the word Dial collections for the fund arc being taken up among dozens ot CHRISTMAS CHEER OV THE AIR FROM KGLO A considerable part of Mon day nighls program over KGLO beginning at oclock will be jriven over to the Christmas Cheer Fund cause If you have a jrift to make during the course of the eveninjr call 2800 Have your dial set at 1300 boys physical training II was brought to employe groups In the past con tributions from this source have meant the difference between success jmd failure and history promises lo repeat itself Persons with suggestions of worthy beneficiaries of this years fund are asked to contact the So cial Welfare league ndminislra The telephone Well what are we soing to do about it folks Can the remaining S7SO be rasicd in S days The addressfor contributions large and small is Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa tor of the fund number is 161 Weeks Flu Toll in English Cities 1148 London Ministry of health announced Saturday that 1148 persons had died of influenza in London and 126 other cities and towns during the past week the highest loll since the last week in January 1937 Buy AVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Nazis Testify to Horror Heaped on Kharkovs People Moscow German police corporal who upon his own testi mony achieved near perfection in the practice of torture and an al leged Russian traitor who worked foithe nazi police piled up details Saturday of the horrors inflicted upon the Kharkov population dur ing the nazi occupation The comt hearing Russias 1st war criminal case at Kharkov concluded its direct examination of Reinhardt Ratzlaw 3G nazi po lice corporal and Mikhail Petro vich Bulanov 20 Russian chauf feur and ordered the questioning of witnesses to begin Katzlaw testified that he re ceived 12 months of training in police procedure which included how to interrogate prisoners and how lo make them talk In our training said Ralzlaw were told the Russians be longed to a lower race than Ger mans and that they ought to exterminated You were also taught how to accomplish this extermination asked Presiding Jurist Maj Gen A N JMiasanikov of the 4th Ukrainian military tribunal Yes was the answer Ratzlaw then went into i de tailed account ot how he partici pated in beatings and other tor tures ot Russians such as pulling the hair out o their beards and sticking pins into women He added that he helped oper ate death automobiles where Rus sians were put to death from car bon monoxide gas Another German witness Hans Ritz was quoted as saylne Adolf Hitler was the man responsible for the reign of cruelty in the soviet union He then added according to the Moscow press account ot the trial that Heiiirich Himmlcr gestapo chief and minister o the interior had issued orders to execute ac cording to ones own Aryan feel ings The witness Hans Ritz is be ing tried with other Germans and 1 Russian traitor under the pledge NIPPON PLANES TRYTO HAMPER TROOPS OF US Route Followed by American Forces Leads Toward Vital Air Strip By ASAHEL BUSH General MucArthurs II e a d quarters New Guinea ofthe United States Bth army have occupied the entire Cape Merkus peninsula in the Arawe sector ot New Britain island and are con tinuing to advance General Mac Arthurs headquarters anounced Saturday night This gave the invasion farces which lauded 4 days ago complete control of the 3mile neck of land flanking the Arawe harbor on the southwest coast of the bir is land and leading toward the site of the presently unserviceable air striD The peninsula together with the offlying pilelo island wliich was overrun the first day of the attack were described as the prime initial objectives ot the seaborne strike against Japanese occupation of New Britain their major base in the southwest Pacific area Our force near Arawe contin ues to expand its position a headquarters spokesman said on the basis ot developments through Friday No distinct battleline has been established the spokesman said but Americans in intermittent combat eliminated scattered ene my resistance as it was en countered The Japanese were reported lo have continued their air activity over the sector in an effort to hamper American sains but there has beeu no indication of any dam age caused The enemysearlier aerial retaliation was beaten off by allied fighters On the 2nd southwest Pacific land front across the Vitiaz straits Australians pressed farther north and Great Britain that war criminals would be brought to justice at the scenes of their crimes and tried under local law Detailed accounts of the pro ceedings the first since the 3 power pledge were given in aios cow newspapers Col N R Dun aiev of the justice department is conducting Ihc prosecution and the defendants arc represented by 3 Russian attorneys The newspapers gave these re ports of the trial Ritz who commanded a com pany of storm troopers said he was responsible documents which foi led fulsiiyinj to execu tions and declared that he him self took part in executions be cause I didnt want to behave otherwise before my commander His commander he said stood with him watching tommygun ners mowing down civilians in a village near Kharkov and told him show me that you loo know how RHz took H Run ind fired into the screaming ranks of people How dots a man like you with high legal education induce him self to liike part in such atroci ties asked the prosecutor 1 had to fulfill my orders Otherwise I wouid have been tried he answered Ritz testified he was responsi ble for the death documents of about 300 persons in Taganrog alone and said he witnessed the killing of about 3000 persons in a village near Kharkov Captain William Langhcld 52 of ccstapo another defendant estimated that about 30000 soviet citizens were killed by the Ger mans in Kharkov and Kharkov and about the same Kiev Some 15000 province number were slain in Poltava it was said Describing the operations of gas truck death chambers Langheld said he had seen Russians inside clawing at the windows as they met death After he told of how 5 women were executed one morning the prosecutor asked and what hap dencd to the Gth mother with the child a beating She died during Langhcld was quoted And her child1 The child began wailing and screaming and finally a corporal killed it Like Rilz Langhcld testified that he had to fulfill the orders of his chiefs because It I had not done this 1 would have been Declaring that nazi leaders and the German high command were responsible for war crimes a Moscow broadcast said they would be unearthed from wher ever they seek refuge from even the remotest corners the world and they will answer with their heads for all their crimes1 The broadcast was recorded in London by the Soviet monitor peninsula oC New Guinea and maintained contact with the ene my north of the Sanga river Keeping up their amazing rec ord American planes on the day after the invasion emerged with out loss from a series o battles in which 9 Nipponese bombers and 5 fighters were shot down when in tercepted on retaliatory missions No mention was made in Satur days reports of any Japanese ground action against the Arawe position 260 miles southwest of New Britains most important base Rabuul Even in the air the Japanese efforts were dwarfed by those farranging allifed planes While the fighters whose near est New Guinea land base is near ly 80 miles away protected the beachhead 2 waves of liberators went after the enemy air and sup ply base of Cape Gloucester 70 miles northwest of Arawe with 232 tons of explosives Wednesday and Thursday Other planes destroyed oir dam aged 25 of the barges on which the Japanese rely to supply their New Guinea and New Britain forces in the invasion sector A liberator sank a 2000lon enemy tanker 120 miles northeast of We wak On the Solomons approach to Rabaul Atlm William F Halsey reported 230 more sorties by planes which monopolized the skies over Bougainville pounding its 150 milelength with 170 tons ot explosives from Buin on the south to Buka on the north Far to the northeast of the Sol omons 7th army air force libera tors raided the midPacific Mar shalls 300 miles from the Ameri canheld Gilberts for the 8th straight day In the latest raid to be reported the big bombers pounded the enemy airbase at Wotjc atoll at dusk Wednesday opposed only by light antiaircraft fire Xorlhwest of Australia libera tors made a roundtrip light flf more than 2500 mites to hil Japa nese oil refineries at Balikpapan on Borneo Closer to Australia beuifightcrs sank a 4000ton transport off Timor These air operations from Bor neo to the Marshall extended over an ocean arc of roughly 4000 miles General MacArthur also an nounced a new ground success on New Guinea Australians captured the enemy coastal supply point o Lakona on Huon peninsula H miles north of Finschhafen The tankpaced Aussies killed many of the retreating foe Beggar Investigated Los Anncltjs Who arrested blind William Ramey on a charge of begging found a Bill more hotel room key in his pocket The hotel one of the citys most expensive said Ramey was a pre paid guest ;