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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HIST03Y AfiO ARCHIVES DES UOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 16 1942 HOME EDITION uimr TiUS PAPER CONSISTS Or TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 58 ROMMEL RETREATING AT TOP SPEED Longest Congress Session Ends NEW CONGRESS TO TAKE OVER DUTIES JAN 6 Tempestuous Record of PreWar Debate Action in Conflict Concluded WASHINGTON P Work worn and weary the 77th con gress came to the end of its legis lative life Wednesday after an his toric twoyear struggle first with the problems of a tremulous peace then with the robust job of arming the nation Cor global war The house and senate formally agreed o adjourn at the close of Wednesdays business furnishing a breathing spell until the new congress takes over on Jan fi V Longest in history the 77th congress was in session 715 days The house met on 104 legislative days Five senators and 14 rep resentatives died during the two years It leaves a tempestuous record of prewar battles over foreign policies of sharp skirmishes be tween isolationists and interven tionists and then of sudden co hesion on war measures as bombs T4iu Charles W Barlow Named Iowa Supreme Court Clerk Mason Cityan Succeeds Garrett Who Served for More Than 2 Decades fell on Pearl Harbor The shadows of war were Asia stretching westward already eastward from from Europe when the present congress first convened in January 1941 And as they lengthened there was fashioned lor the nation one the programs in all lawmakers opened wide the countrys purse strings to provide funds for a war machine All in all approxi mately 5205000000009 was ap propriated during the two years and of that total 5192000000 000 was earmarked for war By contrast about was appropriated in 191718 for the first World war Spending be tween the two conflicts reached its lowest point in 1924 and 1325 when the 68th congress voted a total of To help pay the bills new taxes were piled on both business and private citizens In 1941 congress found in new rev enue and this year probed even deeper to find an additional 56 881000000 Millions of new tax pancrs were called upon to con tribute to the cost of war as ex emptions dropped Appropriation followed appro priation in those early days of the session to convert the broomstick guns and the tin can cannon used by green troops in early maneuv ers into deathdealing weapons of modern warfare Major measures passed before the outbreak of war included the lendIease bill and legisla tion to permit the arming of merchant ships which then were authorized to sail into war zones supplies fur the countrys future allies Even the stcpup of defense legislation seemed slow alter con gress declared war in succession on Japan Germany Italy Ruma nia Bulgaria and Hungary and then threw the legislative machin ery into high gear In the face of the dictators challenge hat democracy is out moded congress provided for a two ocean navy an army designed to reach a strength of 7500000 men and an air force intended to achieve mastery of the sUy The drain of the military upon the nations normal supplies be gan to be felt on the home front With it came the potential menace of inflation so congress passed one price control bill early in the xvar later found it necessary to clamp down an even tighter lid Unprecedented powers were granted President Roosevelt to free his hands from normal peacetime reslriciions The ban against use of United Slates roops on foreign soil lifted Salaries and wages were stab ilized at home Laws were passed to protect the soldiers civilian interests to give him the right to vote away from home to boost his base pay from S21 to S50 The draft age was lowered to 18 Women were accorded a place In the ranks Ejrst congress cre ated the the womens army auxiliary their counterparts in the navy and the coastguard the WAVES and be h in dt helines service to relieve men for duty at the front DBS MOINES JP Judge Charles F Wennerstrum nounced Wednesday the appoint ment of Charles W Barlow Mason City attorney as clerk of the Iowa supreme court He will succeed Burgess W Garretl whose term expires Jan 2 Judge Wennerstrum said Gar rett was not a candidate for re appointment to the post he has The Busy BBBBs Charles W Barlow makes the fourth Mason Cityan called to the state house durrnp recent Hie fourth one with the initial B Barlow Bryant Bliss and Bagley The other tliree are Hughes J Bryant i deputy secretary of state W L Bliss judge of the Iowa su preme court and W G C Bag ley treasurer of state held for more than three decades The court clerkshipcarries an annual salary o Barlow 4U a native of Thorn ton attended Iowa Slate college and was graduated from the Uni versity of Iowa law school in 1917 Since 1919 he has been a member of the Mason City law firm of Fitzpatrick and Barlow Hehas been Cerro Gordo coun ty attorney and United States commissioner at Mason City and is now president of the County overseas during thefirst World war he since has been active in the Ameri can Legion and other veterans or ianizations as weil as in church civic and Masonic affairs He is married and has two chil dren Virginia 14 and Charles Hamlin II Garretl who will be 71 next February 24 has served years in the clerks office His remarkable memory and knowl edge of the courts affairs has made him the frequent consul tant of attorneys and state of ficials A republican who took an ac tive lead in party affairs for many years he still survived ap CHAELES W BARLOW pointments by democraticdomi nated courts in 1334 and 1938 The post originally was filled by election by the people Gar rett defeated Henry Bousquet in 1910 and the latter then invited Garrett to serve as deputv begin ning July 1 1910 He filled this post until his own term began half a year later The post wns changed to an appointive one during tho next term and Garrett has been named by successive courts each four years Born on a farm in Van county Garrett attended high school at Leon also Simpson col lege and St Joseph university He taught school in Pottawattamie county before becomingthe first of the Iowa board He fathered Iowas inde terminate sentence law He was keynote speaker and temporary chairman of the republican state convention in 191G chairman cf the partys judicial convention in 1928 and took an active part in many campaigns He also has beer a widelyknown church leader Mr Barlow was in DCS Moines Wednesday and could not be reached for a statement His part ner D H FitzpaUick reported that Mr Barlow had no inkling that he was being considered for the post until he received a tele phone call late Tuesday afternoon from a member of the court Reid of Manly Describes Rescue From Sinking Ship Didnt Know He Was Tossing Someone Elses Into the Sea DES MOINES K Reid 24 boatswains mate second class of Manly didnt know it at the time but he tossed S10 belonging to someone else into the sea when he jumped from a sinking boat Nov II Back home for a rest before returning to duty Jan 2 Reid told of his North African battle zone adventures while visiting his uncle and aunt Mr and Mrs J II Westbrook here before go ing to Manly He was a member of the crew of the transport Joseph Hewes one of the United States ships sunk in African waters early in November Discussing the sinking of the Hewes off Morococo he said I had just come or watch duty when a torpedo struck our ship I was knocked doivn but was not injured We had seen the big bombing show on the beach in which the allies captured the Mo roccan beach area and now I figured we were going to have a little show of our own I was wearing green commando coveralls borrowed from another fellow As the ship sank I was forced to move to a higher spot to escape the water I tossed overboard the cover alls and all other clothing ex cent a dungaree shirt a less Red Cross sweater and un derclnthin put on a life jacket and jumped The sailor who owned the coveralls later told me he left S70 in Ihe pocket I might have saved it had I known it was there but all lost practically everything we owned After three hours in the water Reid was taken aboard another transport Heid enlisted in the navy for a fouryear hitch in 1936 He worked as a brakeman on the Rock Island railroad between Des Moines and Manly from 1940 unti April 1942 when he reenlisted U S BOMBERS AREUNOPPOSED IN RAIDING BUIN Another Yank Attack on New Jap Airfield at Munda Is Disclosed WASHINGTON United States bombers raiding the Japa nese installations at Buin on Bou gainville island in the Solomons met no enomy opposition the navy reported Wednesday No explanation was available of the lack of opposition at Buin considered as one of the princi pal Jap air bases and located about 275 miles northwest of Guadalcanal The navy also reported a sixth attack on Munda airfield under construction by the Japanese on New Guinea and the wiping out of two Japanese machine gun crews on Guadalcanal in com munique No 221 which said South Pacific All dates are east longitude On December 13 U S pa trols on Guadalcanal island de stroyed two Japanese machine gun positions and killed both gun crews 2 On December 14lh the U S bombers attached the enemy air field at Buin on the island of Bougainville No enemy aircraft were encountered and no antiair craft opposition was met Results were not reported 3 On December 15th at noon a ot marine cbrp dive bombers from attached Japanese installationsa Munda on New Georgia island No enemy resistance was encountered Results were not observed JAPS ON NEW FOOTHOLD MAMBARE RIVER RAIDED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA Mac Arthurs air forces have cease lessly bombed the Japanese lodged in a new foothold near the mouth of the Mambare river while his land troops exerted pressure on the invaders heavy dwin dling Buna area shore positions to the southeast advices from th front said Wednesday Allied airmen also pounded anew the Japanese bases flank iiiE the Papuan sector the headquarters noon communique reported They dropped a number of 500 pound bombs on the airdrome Laeon the northeast New Guinea coast in the face of heavy anti aircraft lire and roared across the water strip to pock the Gas mata New Britain airfield with a dozen 500pounders A covey o 12 Japanese planes came up to meet them and they shot down three and damaged two others the communique said There were few details of Ifo ground action but a spokesman for General MacArthur said tha there was undoubtedly siill hcavj lighting at Sanananda Point broadcast reported northeast of Buna village and at Buna mission airstrip between which allied troops had driven a wedge To the northwest the Japa nese attempted to come oft landing barges let doivn near the mouth of the Mambare from cruisers and destroyers before dawn Monday Advices from the front indi cated that as many as 1000 Japa nese might have effected a shore hold An airforce beat back the war ships and dropped bombs Monday night among the landing force It returned to the attack after dawn Tuesday pounding the sol diers who had managed to reach Jap Admirals Decorated for Successes Nothing Is Said of Solomons By TJXITED PRESS A Berlin broadcast rci Wednesday that Emperor Hirohito had received and decorated Japa nese admirals for successes in the Philippines Netherlands East In dies and Australian zones but nothing was said of the Solomon As Marshal Envin Rommel axis African commander fled from his positions at El Agheiia the gap between allied forces iti the western and eastern North Africa buttle areas was again narrowed Meanwhile American bombers blasted axisheld Tunis and Eizertc in the heaviest air action of the Tunisian campaign shore aiming for landing barges and watertight drumsof supplies still floating in the sea At the end of the bombing op eration pilots reported that there was a decrease in the number or barges and supply rafts still afloat Japanese soldiers were seen swimming among them attempt ing to salvage fuel ammunition and food supplies the drums sup posedly contained The entire area is strewn with derelict barges wreckage and en emy dead the communique said SET NO BLAME IN WARDEN DEATH Officer Misundersood Post Location CREST ON coroncis jury placed no blame for tlic Icallt of Charles H Graby 61 assistant air raid warden who was killed when struck by a police car dur ing Monday nights blackout test Testimony at the inquest was to the effect that Officer William Danner who was at the wheel of of the car was driving at the time because of misunderstanding as to the location of his post for the blackout Funeral services for Graby who is survived by his wife and two children were held Wednesday Dies While Making Inaugural Speech LEEDS England Arthur Clarke 62 was lord mayor ot Leeds 15 minutes He collapsed and died Tuesday before lie had completed his inaugural speech Substantial Cheer Fund Aid Provided by Youthful Donors Boys and Girls Realize Fuliy the Tragedy of the Empty Stocking 20 STARS NEEDED a in I UK CHEER FUND PREVIOUSLY REPORTED NEW CONTRIBUTIONS Mrs C H S ft K The Double Twelve Cluu and VIoIel rth Iowa Navy Club t Joseph Mercy Alumnae Asso ciation n A Cummints Boy Scout Troop X Mason City ion City Womens Relief Corps Pet George Gordon eare rcsl masler San Francisco Wayne McCarthy is Kline Kae Odiven PorkTTrlalTniBij Home Junivr Hirh School V F W Itooseielt LlemenUry Varent Edu cation firoup Mason Cily Trades Uuur cmbly Just Me The Anuy anrl Sara Oswald The Midland Club B Class Methodist fhurcli Itcnard Motor Company Kro ison City Builders Supply Com Fhoentcian CJab navy announced that Vice Adm Masao Kanazawa had been ap pointed chief of the bureau of naval installations succeeding Vice Adm Shiro Koike Nothing was said of Koikes fate Tapping on Manhole Cover Leads to Rescue of 3 Youths in Boat NEW YORK Sol Pollack heard a frantic tapping beneath a manhole cover on a Brooklyn storm sewer Raising it he discovered three youths in a 35 foot row boat and rescued them They had been fishing The tide had swept them from the bay 10 blocks up the sewer SEEK CHANGE OP VENUE OSKALOOSA for Clarence and Albert Wilson charged with murder in connection with the death last June of Harry Bolden have petitioned for a change of venue Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from ymr GlobtGazctte carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night lowest temperature Wed nesday night IB IOWA Occasional very light snow in east and central portions Wednesday afternoon and in ex treme eail portion early Wed nesday evening not quite so cold in cast portion Wednesday night warmer in cast portion Thursday MINNESOTA Not so cold Wed nesday night east and north por tion wartner east portion Thursday forenoon occasional light snow Wednesday afternoon and cast and n o r t h portions Wednesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 29 Minimum Tuesday night 9 At 8 a m Wednesday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 28 ftru uil TODAYS CONTBIBlTriOVSS TOTAL RAISED TO DATES MM TOTAL NEEDED FOB GOALSI03U1 A V E YOU NOTICED HOW MANY YOUTHFUL C O N T R I BU T O R S 11 a v e been listed day a ftcr day for this Christmas Cheer Fund cans c They cons t i t u t c a very large per centage of the individual don ors have been numerous and gifts there from clemcntary and high school grades and study groups Without their interest and support the fund probably couldnt succeed year attcr year ccived are turned at once to the Social Welfare League adminis trator ot the fund All donations should be ad dressed Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa NAZIS STRAFED 100 MILES WEST OF EL AGHEILA British Army Still Greatly Impeded by Extensive Mine Fields By ROGER D GREENE Associated press War Editor British headquarters reported Wednesday hat allied fighter planes had strafed Field Erwin Rommels retreating troops as far west as Zauta en Kofflia 100 miles beyond the collapsed El Agheiia front and declared that British vanguards wore now well west of El Aghcila British military quarters in London said British advance forces had probably reached point near Zauta en Nofilia close pursuit of the axis The presence of backtrack Inff nazi troops at Zauta en Nofilia indicated that Rommel was retreating at top speed A British communique said the attack was made tlicre Monday niglit anil Tuesday allied light bombers and fishierbombers resumed heavy blows on the axis columns Our leading forces though still greatly impeded by mines con tinued to harass the retreating enemy and are now well west ul El Aglicila the British war bulle tin said Reports Tuesday said British vanguards had already passed the Marble Arch air field 40 miles west of El Agheiia Pilots report a great volume of j traffic moving westward the British communique added Italian headquarters said axis uotorizadiormations captured 17 tanks in Tuesdays this was unconfirmed and the British declared officially that the fleeing Rommel corps was offer ing only weak rearguard resist ance Allied warplanes again inter cepted southbound axis trans port planes as Adolf Hitler still sought to pour reinforcements into the North African battle cauldron More realistically perhaps than their ciders boys and yirls arc able to comprehend what it would mean to rise to an Empty Stock ing on Christmas morning From experience or in imagination they sense the tragedy of such a thing and are determined that it shall not happen this Christmas season in Mason City In the above list is one particu larly interesting contribution that of Andy and Sara Oswald These two rural children sold their two pet pigs Porky and Daisy June and arc buying war bonds with the remaining proceeds Here was sacrificial giving for the Christmas Cheer Fund H should be an example for others We hope il will be All gifts rc Roosevelt Misspells Generalissimo in Note to Chiang Kaishek WASHINGTON cant very well tell the president of the United Slates to stay after school and write the word simo on the white house black board 1DO times Here is the way Mr Roosevelt addressed a letter to Chinas Chi ang Kaishek Tuesday My Dear Gcncrallissimo With two big bold looping 1s A photograph of the letter greeting the Chinese leader on the opening of radiophoto service to Chungking was transmitted over the circuit after the office of war information had discovered tile error and lixcd it up with ink eradicate A Cairo communique said allied fighters shot down at least four of Ihc big transport craft out n heavily escorted air convoy oft Liimpcdusa island which lies be tween Sicily and Tunisia While Rommel fled precipitate ly westward American and British vanguards were reported probing anew at the outer defenses of axis held and Tunis Wednes day amid indications that the longstalled battle for Tunisia might flare up again at any mo ment Allied patrols are pursuing their activity forward of lines the Morocco radio tersely our said Buy Christmas Seals Clendening Predicts U S Changes in Taste KANSAS CITY Logan Clendening physicianauthor who once attacked a street project with an ax has two ideas about what America is going to cat Mamey sapodilla ceriman pa paya sourtop star apple or guava may appear on your table about the time coffee returns the doctor predicts These foods grow mostly on trees in Central and South Amer ica and theyre very tasty despite the odd names he said Were going to have to rear range our food habits and forget some of our food prejudices he explains And the South Ameri can foods may come along with more coffee and ba the PanAmeri can highway will be completed to Panama by next June David D Duncan representing Nelson Rockefeller coordinator of i n t e rA m e r i c a n affairs dropped in the other day to an nounce that fact and he added that the new road doubtless will help solvethe coffee and food transportation problem Dr Clendening listened with more than usual interest because he grimaced drinking tea is like kissing your sister Clendening bulky mustachcd 58 year old medical school fac ulty member and physician who found much of his effort shunted into literature after I unfortu nately wrote a book one time achieved the national front pages in 193D An air hammer had been pounding paving outside his study window for months as part of a sewer project Finally he smashed the mechanism while workers fled There was quite a hubbub about it and policemen came Dr Clendening paid a S50 fine for disturbing the peace His second idea about Americas diet For breakfast you sit down and therell be a little a lamb chop Another liny pack orange Then a bowl of water in which you dip each dehydrated and wait a minute Then you can mix white odor less tasteless vitamin powders in jellies or jams and have a com plete diet Its already being done to some extent with dehydrated foods shipped to England Such a synthetic diet will sup ply everything we need he said dont know what in the world well do for bulk Why heavens By I960 it will take all the cascara in the stiitc of Cali I The broadcast said united nations airmen once more blast ed Tunis the capital and Ihe formidable Bincrle naval base while axis planesattacked the forward base of LieutGen Kenneth A X Andersons Brit ish first army at Bone in north east Algeria On the Libyan desert front Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys British eighth army picked its way through a labyrinth oC land mines and treacherous booby traps planted by Field Marshal Erwin Rommels retreat ing Africa corps in the El Agheiia defile 400 miles cast of Tripoli Frontline dispatches said that never before had the Germans sown so many hidden snares in the zigzag North Africa cam paign Thousands of deadly mines and other camouflaged explosives lined the desert and despite great caution the advancing British were reported suffering from them In the skies American flyers of the ninth U S air force joined with British and Australian air men in punishing attacks on Rom mels weary soldiers who were now reported heading for a new defense line 123 miles west of Agheiia It was not immediately clear how Rommel expected to make a stand elsewhere on the coastal plains of Italian Tripolitania es pecially since he had abandoned at El Aghcila the best natural de fense barrier cast of Tripoli Soinc observers expected the axis chieftain might quit Tripoli tania altogether regardless of the fact tiiat it is the last bauble of Premier Mussolinis African em pire and stake everything on a last ditch defense in Tunisia Dispatches from an Associated Press correspondent with U S forces in Tunisia said bolh allies and axis wererushing up troop ;