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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 15, 1944, Mason City, Iowa COUP AND ARCHIVE NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY 1QWA FRIDAY DECEMRER BRITISH BACK RED CLAIM IN POLAND Japs Convoy in Sulu Sea TOKYO EXPECTS BIG NEW MOVE IN PHILIPPINES Nipponese Think War Theater May Greatly Be Expanded in Isles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Tokyo radio Friday said powerful allied convoy passe westward through Mindanao stra into the Sulu sea Thursday Japa time as American carrierborn planes blasted Japanese jnstalla lions and air fields on Luzon Phi ippines The Sulu sea is west and north west of Mindanao andthe Philip pine islands of Mindoro and Lu zon are north of it This enemy surface unit nothing to make light of Dome the Japanese news agency warne the Nipponese in the broadcast re corded by the federal communlca tions commission There was no American con firaiation of the Tokyo broadcas of a fleet movement but Adrr Chester Nimitz announced tha U S carrier planes hammered th Luzon air fields Thursday Wed nesday U S time and destroye 91enemy in the air an 77 on the ground Continued raids on the Luzo fields Friday Japan time h some 400 U S carrier planes als was reported by Domei Domei said the allied convo moved into the Sulu sea despite a attack by Japanese landbase planes The agency asserted that th American carrier plane attack or Luzonwas for the purpose o protecting and the uniU attacking in the Sulu sea arii added Judging from the total strength deployed by the enemy the mag nitude of his hopes placed in this single operation is not hard imagine After warning that the convo was nothing to make light of Dome continued Whatever may be the exact ob jective of this new enemy opera tion it still remains unknown However there is not a shadow of doubt that this is an importan move by the enemy to turn thi tide of the Philippine battle on Leyte island in his favor by ex tending his lines westward while maintaining his present status quo on Leyte Thus the feeling is deep tha the Philippine battle is about to emerge from a restricted localizei lighting to a vast extensive the ater Domeis report of Fridays at tack on Luzon by 400 U S planes said that at least 100 aircraft hi the Clark field area near Manila at 10 a m Japan time and at least 300 other planes struck in elsewhere on Luzon and the yisayan area There was no Amer ican confirmation this secon series of Foryas HEAVY AERIAL ATTACKS MADE Fleets From Britain Italy Strike Blows London S heavy bomb ers from Britain and Italy struck Germany multiple blows Friday Fortresses and Liberators of the Italybased 15th air force bombed the Innsbruck raiiyards which make up the northern terminus of the Brenner pass route They also hit targets at Linz Salzburg Eosenheim and Amsfetten More than 650 Flying Fortresses from Britain hammered the west ern Germany rail and industrial centers of Hannover and Kassel with more than 2500 tons of bombs The bomber fleet from the Britainbased U S 8th air force was accompanied by 550 Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters Bombardment of the reichs bat tered and overburdened rail routes to the western front was resumed despite cloudy weather after a 48 hour lull Fake Story by Paper in Mexico Recalled Mexico City is the cus tom for Mexican papers to use stories each December 28 Mexicos AllFools day On Dec 28 1937 Grafico bannered a story that Actress Lupe velez had committed suicide bv poisoning inauguration meet again soon after the latlets officials said the time had been set DEFINITELY Th f fc was the earliest at which big 3 conference could take place The president will be inaugu rated on Jan 20 In London Friday Churchil called again for a 2nd parley wit the American and Russian leader as soon as possible So did Chair man Connally D Tex of th senate foreign relations commit tee here in Washington Where the meeting might tak place remained a subject of specu lation It necessarily must rema secret for security reasons But probably it will depend on how far Marshal Stalin might b willing to travel and whether b the rime of the conference h has launched another winter of tensive of the red armies Pressing problems of war am peace dictated another get to gether But plans of the presi dent argued against e meeting be fore his inauguration President Roosevelt has ar ranged for his customary Christ maseve broadcast to his coun trymen He must submit his an uual budget messages to congres the first week in January H must be on hand Jan 20 for hi 4thterm inauguration Although it too may be un likely another meetingbetween the president and Churchill some where between these dates is no precluded The British prime minister spen his 1941 Christmas in this coun tryHe could get here easily in time for another And certainly enough purely AngloAmerican areas of disa greemeht have developed since the president las met m September to Justify thei hoping for some solutions in thei Christmas stockings Yet there are factors operating against another immediate meet ing of the 2 They would not for instance want Russia to get an impression they were ranging up or seeking a solid array of plans and opinions in advance of conference with Premier Stalin Furthermore there are indica tions lesser workmen already art rasping away with some success at rough edges of AngloAmerican relationships Simultaneously Britain and the United States bespoke their ap proval Thursday of a new Italian overnincnr And the emphasis tvas less on the approval than on the close contact and consultation oetween the British and American ambassadors in Rome Lack of advance consultation over earlier Italian plans to make Count Carlo Sforza premier or oreign minister had created An loAmerican friction The Brit sh didnt like Sforza and said so That prompted an American state ment of opposition to outside in erfarence in setting up European governments Sforza was left out of the new talian cabinet Many American officials re main convinced that British dab tlings in Italian and Greek poli tics added o troubles growing rom allied failure to supply all he needs of liberated peoples But in the field ot supplies too ttempts at improvement are un der way To discuss supplies and other problems fend policies on the ontincnt Richard K Law is hustling from London to Wash ngton As minister of state Law ranks 3rd in the British foreign iff ice But in the face of these signs of oelter allied cooperation plenty f problems still stood out that ould benefit from the personal ttention of Roosevelt and Church the not too istant future For example The allies have no complete ar rangements for control of Ger iany when peace comes The uestion of who shall govern a reed Poland is a disturbing cle ment for Russia is aligned behind ne faction Britain and the United tales behind another One ssue was left unsettled by umbarton Oaks conference on is to be done one of the great powers becomes i aggressor big the IOWAN AMONG VICTIMS Greenville S Car rmy announced Friday that five tien were killed in the crash of a bomber Wednesday night wo others were injured in the ccident The dead included Flight fficer Stanley S Stevenson 21 joux City Iowa Buy your War Bonds stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Cheer Drive Is Backed by Boys Girls PREVIOUSLY BEPOBTED An Ohio Ordnance Friend A Andergon Cheer Dollar Bleb School Hmt Boom Him School Home Boom No 111 Hlih Scliool Home Room So fit Hlrh School Home Boom jro sol H th School Home Boom No JIB Hjlth School Borne Boom no 108 School BomjJBim til 1071 Hlih School Home IB School Borne Ih School Home Room No 303 of Honor FrMcctlre Aim Parent Ednca tion Dick and William Moore No Name Please Old Timer Do A Lot Club Lincoln p T A Leo and Irene Sweeney Fupilj ot Junior Hlfh I JOJ Iris and Diane Mason Cltr Klnanli Club Friendly birthday Clab From Two Old Friend John Glllarfl Brotherhood or flM 500 100 209 200 200 aoo 5KJSO 200 100 and No Pa pcrb angers Local Union Lincoln Farem EdacaYian Groan l Italj ln Employes at Miion ClirWItwVrk Company m IOO 500 NEW TOTAL NE OP THE most hearten ing things about this venture in applied Chris tianity called Christ mas Cheer is its appeal to boys and girls and those who are interest ed in their edu cation This is reflected in the foregoing list of contributors High schoolers and junior high schoolers have come through in a generous way and there are several gifts from p T A and Parent Education groups Organized labor too is doingits ull share this year as it always las in the past A very consider able proportion of the total raised always has come from the unions From a number of plants and offices comes word that solicita ion for Christmas Cheer has started among employe groups The one thing most needed in this ndeavor is somebody to take the to start the ball rolling Maybe thats YOU The fund will be closed at noon on Saturday Dec 23 That means only 6 more GIVING days Send your contributions large or small to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa AMERICANS ARE WITHIN 7 MILES OF KARLSRUHE Enters Reich 4 Months After Going Ashore in Southern France Paris U S 7th army invaded Germany Friday driving across thp northeast tip of Alsace into the old Bavarian Palatinate less than 7 miles from Karlsruhe and 35 miles from Mannheim and Ludwigshafen all great industrial cities the Rhineand The 7th was the 4th American army to trample German soil I crossed the frontier exactly 4 months after wading ashore on the French Riviera 425 airline miles to the south but much farther as it wound through the mountains of southern and eastern France The 1st and 9th armies first to break into Germany were drawn up along the Roer river 5 miles beyond Aachen where the Sieg fried line was first broken in Sep tember The bitter fighting a peared to be subsiding The 3rd army crashed into the industrial Saarland last month was hacking its way slow ly forward in the iirst works of the Siegfried fortifications on the 7th armys left The Siegfried line was being shelled at perhaps its weakest points The Germans said Ameri can artillery was cratering Karls ruhe itself In advances ranging up to 7 miles more than a dozen French townsfell eontman der of German G rushed reinforcements to his baf feted first 1Mb He alf pressure by mile Coltnar below Government n Exile Silent London Polish gov rnment in exile maintained of icial silence Friday on Prime Ulnister Churchills address but oles here expressed belief it meant that Britain would recor ize the sovietsponsored Lublin ommiMee n n 1 e s s exPremier tan is aw Mtkolajcxyk was roneht back into the London overnmenU The speech spread loom over Premier Thomas Ar tsezwsUs subordinates reinforcing the pocket aronnd Strasbourg His counterpart Li Gen Jacob Devers threatened unvelop ment of the Palatinate and the Saarland to the west from the rear Devers 14 or more Ameri can and French divisions stood on or near the Rhine for 105 miles from Switzerland to the lown of Lauterbourg against which the Americans Were charg ing The U S 3rd army of Lt Gen eorge S Patton Jr continued ts indecisive battering of the Siegfried fortifications in the Saarlandat Saarlautern and Dil engen This Devers left widened its frorit inside Germany by crossing the border 6 miles east of Sarreguemines The U S 1st army strengthened Is positions on the Roer river be ore Duren by capturing Birgel ess than miles to the southwest The 104th and 9th divisions Beared allthe west bank of the toer from Mariaweiler north to Shophoven deploying at places ithin 20J3 miles of Cologne The 7th army commanded by Lt Gen Alexander Jj patch and Jart of Devers 6th army group was immediately southwest of Laulerbourg and presumably was i closest to Karlsruhe on the Rhine just east of the town Karlsruhe 190000 is a strong ly fortified city in the Siegfried line 6 miles beyond the Rhine Mannheim 284000 is a great chemical and munitions center and close by the storied univer sity city of Heidelberg Ludwigs hafen 154000 is a twin city of Mannheim lying across the Rhine threatened familiar as and wire British Defensive Positions in Athens Pounded by ELAS in Bavaria All 3 places have become favored bombing targets Patch indeed had already opened his assault upon the Sieg fried line with 8 inch shells and 240 millimeter howitzers Allied planes bombed the west wall de fenses and rail lines supplying the German front and fnnneling in reinforcements Among the towns toppled by the 7th army were Riedscltz 2 miles from Wissembourg Sam bach a mile from the frontier corner Munchhouse S c h a f f house Wintzenbach and Nee wilier the last but a mile from the frontier The latest reports of 7th army progress lagged hours behind the action In the Karlsruhe corner be tween Wissembourg and the Rhine the Germans had been forced from French soil save for sacrificial rearguards The 7th was moving forward on populous industrial areas on a 35mile front Once he 7th crosses the Pala tinate border it will be against the Siegfried line But because of the speed of the advance the line likely will be less strongly manned than at any other place This was the situation which pre cipitated the shattering of the Siegfried line east of Aachen and led to the present battle for the Roerv Once Haguenau akey fcase and of de Tlie enemy however retired skillfully through northeastern Alsace and now ap parently plans to try to slow down the 7th army in front of the Sieg fried line so it will not be able to hit the line with full momen tum The 1st army finally reduced the northernmost pocket of Ger man resistance on the Roer front the Germans in the Mullenack castle The 9th division mopped ap the Mariaweiler factory area xss than a mile from Duren The 5th armored division pushed due east from Gey for 2 miles into Kufferath where bitter close quarter fighting developed SWAiEDIilFlS 1ST OVER TOP Creamery Purchases in War Bond Swaledale Swaledale is the first town in Cerro Gordo county o goover the top in the 6th War campaign with a total 341250 and sliil more pledges to come inaccording to R J Carr chairman ofSwaledale Its quota as 55000 The Swaledale Creamery how ever a branch of the Borden company purchased the amount of the entire quota 55000 worth of bonds jn one lump Subscriptions aside from this however had reached 50 by Friday Word wiisa wafted from King soaked fighting Unofficial reports persisted Hat George II of Greece on that the archbishop of Athens be come temporary regent The cleric was believed ready to attempt formation of a gov ernment acceptable to all pending a plebiscite to decide whether the country is to remain a monarchy or become a repub lic However in Athens there was no indication that King George would agree to the plan The king is in London Three additional classes ot Greek militiamen were called to the colors Friday by Premier George Papandreou as Athens re mained a battleground despite attempts negotiate an end to the bloody sivil strife The call went out for reinforcements as fighters of the left wing ELAS continued to filter into the city Seven age groups IOWAN NEAR BORDER With American Troops Nearinr Ihe German Border If pfc Frank Carsone of Hubbard Iowa was among American doughboys from a 7th army division which fought within 3000 yards of the German border Thursday in the heavily wooded area northwest of Haguenau Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy No Paper on Christmas No issue of the GlobeGa zette will be printed on Christ mas day this year This is a departure from our rule of printing on Christmas when it falls on either Saturday or Monday dictated by the ex istent shortage of print paper and the prospect of further paper curtailment in the months immediately ahead This announcement is made for the benefit of bolh readers and local advertisers now have been called up by Papandreous British supported government but it was question able how many men the latest summons would bring in Inas much asonly 5 square miles of Athens and about 20 per cent of the Port of Piraeus are under the premiers immediate control Whether the ELAS would at tempt another assault against British defended inner Athens re mained uncertain Rain and low hanging clouds hindered opera tions of HAF planes which at tempted to check on the regroup ing operations of ELAS elements their mountain hideouts oul ide Athens Thursday afternoon Rumors still were current that Gen Nicholas Flastiras who Jed the Greek revolution in 1922 might attempt to form a new gov ernment acceptable to all factions and brins an end to the strife but here ivas no confirmation Flastiras conferred for 2 hours Thursday with Papanflreou Later the premier conferred for 90 minutes with Harold Mac Millan British resident minister in the Mediterranean who ar rived here Tuesday It became apparent meanwhile that regardless of the outcome it will take several months to re store normal relief administration At present there are only 18 trucks available for relief work in the entire city and it has been necessary to cancel a plan for opening soup kitchens because of the transportation shortage Under a bilateral agreement with the FLAS Swiss and Swed ish Red Cross committees wers to issue and ration flour but the plan collapsed because bakers lacked fuel A limited distribution plan provides 4 ounces of Hour per head but so far only 75000 of the citys 1500000 people have been reached KLINE NAMED DIRECTOR Chicago Allan B Kline Des Momes was elected a director from the rnidwcstern region at the close of the American Farm i B u r c a federation convention Thursday CAPITOL HILL IS SURPRISED Taft Looks Like End of Atlantic Charter Washington Minis ter Churchills statement on Rus sia caught capitol hill by surprise That looks like the end of the Atlantic charter and a return to power politics commented Sen Taft Sen Pepper DFlnj a mem ber of the foreign relations com mittee said this posed the ques tion of what part the United States is to play in European affairs Two wars had proved that the United States had a major stake there he added Sen Austin another member of the committee said he thought the wiser course would be to postpone such boundary settle ments until a world peace organi zation is set up with authority to deal with these questions on their merits WINS HONORABLE MENTION Washinston An editorial by Rubye Hintgen of the Sioux City Iowa Journal won honor able mention in an Americanism contest sponsored by Bnai Brjth its national Americanism commis sion announced Thursday Buy your Stamps from carrier boy War Bonds and your GlobeGazette Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Friday night and Satur day with light flurries Friday snow or snow afternoon and Friday night Fresh to moder ately strong winds Lowest Fri day night about 15 at Mason City Iowa Snow flurries Friday night and Saturday Colder in west portion early Friday night and entire state late Friday night and Saturday Fresh to strong winds Shippers northwest JO southwest and northeast ID southeast and lo cally 20 Minnesota Light snow Friday aft ernoon and flurries Saturday Colder Strong winds diminish ing Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 31 Minimum Thursday night 18 At E a m Friday 26 YEAR AGO Maximum o Minimum Minus 7 US ASKED BY CHURCHILL TO REVEAL VIEWS Greater Part of East Prussia Would Be Awarded to Poland London Min ister Winston Churchill Fri day INDORSED the soviet unions claim to a postwar buffer state carved out of eastern Poland and tacitly in vited the United States to make public its stand on the explosive Russo Polish dis pute In a farreaching definition of the British policy on post war European settlements Churchill told the house commons that Great Britain will support Russia at the peace conference in demand i n g territorial concessions from Poland in the east In return the GREATER PART of East Prussia would be ceded to Poland he said suggesting also that there would be NO objection from Britain or Russia if the Poles also pushed out their western borders into Germany proper The Britishbacked Russian plan Churchill said envisages the virtual extirpation of the Prus sian state with the forced re moval from their homeland of most of the Prussian junkers who traditionally have been the heart and soul of the German military machine The prime minister revealed that the United States is fully aware of the agreement reached between Hussin and Britainon the Polish question andthat to date it has not voiced any objection He inipUed however that ihe time has come for definite American statement on the prob lem and announced that he would welcome a conference with President Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin at the earliest possible dae and preferably in Britain It had been hoped that the lead ers of the 3 major allied powers would meet before Christmas he said but this proved impossible As a result urgent decisions on host of vital matters vstand at the bar and wait Churchill indicated the decisions awaiting action by the big 3 lead ers involve not only the Polish question but also the pcosecution of the war in which he Hedicted can be expected to con inue into next summer with the heaviest and costliest battles still ahead He estimated that 8000000 to 000000 Germans already have CONTINUED ON PAGE Z Churchill Makes 5 Main Points n Commons TaSk By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Six main points were made by rime Minister Churchill Friday n his house ot commons speech on the Polish question They were Virtual abandonment of sup port of the Polish government n London Churchill indicated he had little hope the reconstituted overnment in exile could reach an accord with Russia A new map of central Europe to which he said Britain and Russia had agreed Poland would give a large section of her for mer eastern territory up to the Curzon line but win that part of East Prussia southwest of Konigs berg and a section of eastern Germany Russia presumably would win the part of East Prus sia northeast of Komgsberg 9 Proposed a huge shift of sev eral millions of the popula tions to match the changes in frontiers 4 Declared President Roosevelt had been kept informed of these policies but the attitude of the United States has not been defined with precision toward them C Appealed for a meeting of President Roosevelt Premier Marshal Stalin and himself at the earliest possible moment in Britain or elsewhere C Warned that the largest bal ties fought in this war will occupy the spring and summer and reported that 6000000 or 7000000 Germans already have been killed 1 i ;