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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1 DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE HHES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI Associated Pitss United Press Full Leased Five Cents M Copy MASON CITy IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 14 1914 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS This Paper Consists of Two On consists 01 Two SectionsSection On Nt 57 BRITISH HALT EL AS DRIVE IN ATHENS Yanks Advance Mile in Cologne Plain Battle 1ST ARMY HAS SUNNY DAY TO DISLODGE NAZIS 3rd Army Batters Way Through 500 More Yards of German Pillboxes Paris southern wing of the first army seeking conquest of the rolling Cologne plain ad vanced another mile Thursday and overran a 4th hamlet near the upper Hoer where 2 almost for gotten divisions were fighting along both banks The village was Kesternich miles west of the river and 20 miles from the major Rhineland traffic center of Euskirchen Near ly alt Germans had been cleared before noon The town lies cast of previously captured Rollesbroicli Bickerath and Simmeratb Ninth array troops 20 miles to the north sprang into action and seized the Inde river town ol Vichhofen 2 miles south of Julich For once the first army had BRIGHT SUNNY weather which promised help from the air in budging the stubborn Germans from their trenches and bunkers The first army was on the ene mys side of the Roer headwaters in the area 4 miles southeast Monshau and moving toward the Hurrgen and Monschau forests Before besieged Duren Maj Gen Robert C Macdns 83rd dwi sioii advanced to the western out skirts oiGurzenich a suburbof the city of39000 and only a few hundred yards from the flooded river The U S 3rd army battered its way through 500 more yards of pillboxes in Endorf strengthening its wedge in the Siegfried line at embattled Saarlautern Indecisive fighting continued at the other Siegfried dent at Dillengen The Germans however appeared to be withdrawing artillery to deeper positions behind Saarland em and Dillingen indicating they expected a forced withdrawal deeper info the defenses which extend 30 miles to the Rhine Nine miles southeast of the Saarland capital of Saarbrucken the Germans knock ed out a footbridge at Habkirchen but failed to dislodge the 35th di vision from its latest foothold in Germany The U S 7th army plunged clear through another section of the old Maginot line northwest of Bitche to Kappelenhof 3Vj miles from the southeast corner of the Saarland and 12 miles south oE the shelled Palatinate city of Zwei brucken The 7th army at points was 2 miles or so from the frontier and was still fighting around the blown bridge at Seltz 14 miles southwest of the Rhine city of Karlsruhe Sunrcme headquarters said the fortified towns of Schophoven Mariaweiler and Gey had been cleared again of the Germans They formed a stout de fense arc for Duren on the Roer and the first army was virtually at the citys sates and close to the canal in the western outskirts All changed hands several times First army operations beyond Monschau posed a potential flank ing thrust to new German posi tions east of the Roer where defense lines have been observed between that river and the Erft flowing 8 miles from Cologne and the Rhine This headquarters section was the only place where the Ameri cans were across the Roer The fighting was in the northern spurs of the Eifel range in such diffi cult terrain that a swing north behind the main Roer river line would be 3 Herculean achieve ment Forests abound Just ahead were 3 large dams across the Boer the longest 900 feet at its base Headquarters did not identify the 2 new divisions in action on the upper Roer The suspicion increased that the Germans were artificially flood Ing the Roer through the dam sluices for the river rose 3 feet In 3 days on the 9th army front between Julich and Linnich U Gen William H Texas Bill Simpsons 9th army struck after 2 weeks of comparative lull in the campaign for conquest of the Cologne plain The newly captured Vicchofen is on the Inde river an affluent of the Roer 2 inilcs south of besieged Julich More Needed to Spread Yule Cheer PBCVIOUSLT BEFOBTED Lord Plnsh Bottom Ilanrord Ladies Aid Society Eleanor Faaborf Meservey A Doctor Roosevelt 5th Grade f T A tendance prize Athenian Club Jo Anne Futh No Name Uardinc Cab Pack wo a MM E H Beam Monroe Junior High P T A K B Circle First Methodist chu P M Club FloxsteDeLap Senior Home Boom 311 900 3000 500 100 200 LOO 100 Total W 1SS 315616 INCERE thanks are extended to the list of rcorii tributors to the Christmas Cheer fund printed in this issue and to those who have been named in previous issues You have been good enough to open your hearts and your purses have carried forth a genuinely real Christmas spirit a spirit of shar ing with others some of the good fortunes that come to you in the past year Under a carefully mapped out program of spreading Christmas cheer to the places where it will do most good your gifts will do much to gladden the hearts of many in Mason City If you have NOT yet given to the fund and are considering a donation join with us at once in our effort to make this a MERRY Christmas for those who otherwise would be overlooked Send your donation to Christmas Cheer Fund Care GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa Canella Breaks Down While Testifying at Trial for Conspiracy Los Angeles testi fying concerning members of his family Col Joseph James Can ella formerly of Burlington Iowa burst into tears on the stand Wed nesday He is tried on charges of conspiracy to defraud the government while quarter master at Santa Ana Cal army air base CanelJa covered his face and wept quietly after reporting that his youngest son Lt Keith Can ella West Point graduate and fighter pilot was killed last June in the Normandy invasion With 2 Santa Ana dairymen Canella is accused of irregulari ties in connection with contracts and employment of civilian per sonnel at the base The colonel denied having had any conversa tions with James Martin Camp bell concerning reputed sale of jobs and award of supply con tracts at the base Previously Campbell had testi fied CanelJa had demanded pay offs on milk contracts and posi tions received by civilian person nel The village is a mile from the Hoer itself Front dispatches described the operation as a bulgestraighten ing action Scattered artillery and mortar fire came from German positions Beyond the river Ger man tanks were observed entering the Stuatforst a heavily wooded area southeast of Julich They probably were attached to the new German 5th panzer army Gen Von Manteufel 3 KEY JAP WAR CENTERS LEFT AFIRE IN RAIDS Direct Hits Scored on Nagoya Rangoon and Bangkock Targets Hashiiigrtou hits scored in daylight precision bombing left smoking destruction in 3 highly important Japanese war centers after Wednesdays Superfortress attacks on aircraft facilities at Nagoya in Japan mashalling yards at Rangoon in Burma and the transportation hub of Bangkok in Thailand the war department reported Thurs day Some 100 B29s from Saipan scored repeated direct hits on the Mitsubishi aircraft plant at Na goya a 20th air force communique said and a few hours later a substantial force of Superforls from Indian bases hit Rangoon and Bangkok One B29 failed to return from the Nagoya raid the communique said and must be presumed lost Nothing was said of any losses in the other attacks Of the Nagoya attack the com munique said Precision bombing by the siz able force of B29s was aided by clear weather with little or no cloud cover Crews returning from the daylight mission re ported good results Direct hits observed on thgMitsubishi aircraft planTfahS bursts were seen in the areas ad jacent to the main target Large fires were visible as Superfor tresses headed homeward for their Saipan base The raids 011 Bangkok and Ran goon were aimed at transporta tion targets Excellent results were reported at Rangoon where the railroad marshalling yards were attacked in clear weather Important military transporta tion facilities were the targets at Bangkok Good results were re ported despite considerable cloud cover Meanwhile Tokyo reported a new Superfortress nuisance raid on the Japanese capital Reconnaissance photos of Wed nesdays record blow against Na goya showed at least 40 direct hits on the Mitsubishi aircraft works Reports from 21st bomber com mand headquarters in Saipan in dicated that damage by more than 100 of the B29s on Mitsubishis Hatsukodi assembly and produc tion plant on Honshu island was extensive with fires and explos ions heavily damaging precision machinery vital to the enemy air craft production Photographs showed bombs scat tering debris and dust among the low essembly buildings Many near misses which would cause blast damage to the structures also were shown The water works and filter system were hit One picture alone showed 40 di rect hits indicating clearly where the bombs penetrated the roofs oE buildings and exploded inside Although the concrete and steel factory buildings packed with machinery probably helped to minimize the number of fires set by the raiders many photographs showed smoke funnelling sky ward Headquarters spokesmen said the raid undoubtedly was the most effective of 5 staged against military objectives ori Honshu the main Japanese home island Pho tographic coverage was of the best because of clear weather over the target Thursdays assault against mil itary targets in Thailand was by Superfortresses based in India Recovers 100 Gasoline Stamps From Rats Nest Moorhead Minn ja bian is on the prowl for the rat that stole about 100 gasoline stamps representing 400 gallons of gas from a drawer in his serv ice station Fabian reported the theft to police but later he found the stamps most of them intact in a rats nest in the bottom of a desk The rat however hasnt been caught RESTRICTIONS RELAXED Canberra Australia Minister Francis E Forde acting prime minister announced Thurs day the relaxation of 18 major wartime restrictions on the manu facture of clothing BY TRUCK AND the going gets too tough for trucks the army mule takes over aid carries ammunition to a battery of 155 mm howitzers high on the side of a mountain on the 5th army front in Italy Help get that ammunition there Buy at least an extra war bond today LupeVelez Found Dead Is Believed Sleep Pill Victim Los Angeles coroners office said Thursday that Luce Velez Mexican motion picture actress was found dead early Thurs day in her home in Beverly rt day Coroner Beverly Frank Nance quoted Hills police as saying that the actress apparently took aiioverdoseof sleeping powder Officers saiatfiey found a note beside the body they would not immediately disclose the con tent Miss Velez was 34 years old She was known for her tem pestuousness on and off the screen Her latest romance with Harold Ramond French actor broken off last week A short time before she had announced sheplanned to marry him soon because he is the only one who knows how to handle Lupe Miss Velez formerly was mar ried to Johnny Tarzan Weis muller Coroner Frank Nance ordered an autopsy to determine positively the cause of death Police and physicians said that when they arrived at Lupes home they found her clothed only in blue silk pajamas She lay on a sUksheeted bed Her features were composed and she appeared as though in a deep sleep Some of the sleeping pills offi cers said were scattered over the bed Her note lay on the pillow Beverly Hills police said they were notified by someone that Miss Velez was seriously ill and owtiwwoij ill UI1U they were asked to bring an am LUPE VELEZ bulancc a physician and an in halator Capt W W White of the detec tive detail expressed the belief that the actress was distressed at her romance and preferred deatrr to further grief STOP CHARGES With the U S 96th Infantry Di vision Leyte machine gun marksmanship of Pvt Glen don Lukehart Red Oak Iowa helped stop 2 charges of Japanese during a day and night battle in a swampy section the 9Gth divi sion s secto FLAMETHROWER IN CHINAChincse troops are mak ing excellent use of modem American weapons of war waS als in OUT joint battle to oust Japs 1 his Chinese soldier throws flame into a Jap pillbox while riflemen and tommy gunners stand by to rash the Japs APPROVAL FOR 6 NOMINEES OF F R INDICATED Guffey Switches Vote on MacLeish After Committee Hearing Washington IP Senate for eign relations committee approval of the nominations of Archibald MacLeish and 5 other state de partment appointees was indicat ed Thursday when Sen Guffey D Pa suddenly switched his vote Chairman Connally D Tex announced Guffeys changed po sition to a news conference in the committee room after re ceiving a hurried telephone call from the Pennsylvania senator The Guffey shirt made the committee vote 11 to 9 for Mac Leish altering the 10 to 10 tie which had existed previously Conally said that Senators Wag ner D N Y and Nye R N Dak who were absent would be allowed to vote later in the day Indications were that they would split their votes on Mac Leish Connally said that Sen Glass D who was absent was ill and Connally did not ex pect him to participate Four members of the commit tee sought to put the group 011 record as not satisfied with the nominations and as asking the president lo reconsider them The committee however swift ly struck down the resolution by a vote of 12 to 4 It was supported only by its authors Senators Pep per D LaFollette Prog Murray D Mont and Guffey D The nominations of 5 appointees were approved by the following votes Joseph C Grew named as under secretary 15 to 4 AV L jqjavtQnlLto7j NelsonBockefel ler 12 to 7 James C Dunn 13 to 5 Brig Gen Julius Holmes 15 lo4 The latter 4 were named as as sistant secretaries of state When the question of Mac Lcishs confirmation originally was put Clark said the commit tee meeting in closed session voted 12 to 8 for rejection The Missouri senator who led the fight against MacLeish pres ent librarian of congress s a i d he then moved to make the roll call public When lie did so Clark said that Senators Murphy D Mont and Pepper D Fla who Clark said had voted against MacLeish changed their vote to produce the 10 to 10 tic Before the vole It was reported that James C Dunn one of the nominees had been subjected to an exhaustive grilling on admin istration forcigo policy Sen Clark D Mo who left a closed meeting of the senate for eign relations committee said Sen Hiram Johnson R Cal had questioned Dunn closely about policies of the state department Dunn long a state department of ficial was nominated for assistant secretary of state Clark told reporters he could not make heads nor tails of a report from Claude Bowers for mer ambassador to Spnin which was discussed in secret session by Sen Guffey D Pa Guffey previously referred to the document in question as a favorable report on the anti Franco republican government at the time of the Spanish civil war He said that it never reached the president or the secretary of state Secretary of State Stettinius was present for the hearing as was Nelson Rockefeller assistant secretary appointee who was to be questioned later EAM to Take AGGRESSIVE SELLING URGED Call on Bond Workers to Put Campaign Over Dcs Moiiics Towns series E bond sales total at S35 500000 or 58 per cent of its SB1 000000 quota in the 6lh war loan drive the state war finance com mittee urged bond workers to adopt more aggressive sales at titudes to put the drive over The committee reported days series E sales totaled only 3900000 the poorest daily show ing in more than a week Black Hawk county reported total bond sales of 57495716 or 5496716 over its quota in this campaign Waterloos sales reached compared to a quota of Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy By JAMES E ROPER Athens sources re ported Thursday that the EAM had decided to accept terms and evacuate Athens provided the British guarantee general am nesty for ELAS men and the in clusion of leftists in a new na tional government The report of a decision to end the H day battle of Greece lacked official confirmation It emanated from the ELAS armed forces of the leftist EAM faction and said the central com mittee of the EAM had decided to convey its decision to Lt Gen Ronald Scobie British military commander The peace report circulated amidst a lull in the fighting There was reason to believe the ELAS forces had lost their last chance of overrunning the British who were receiving constant reinforce ments some arriving in a spec tacular manner EAM acceptance of terms was reported conditioned on Scobies guaranteeing that a national gov ernment would be formed to take over from that of Premier George Papandreou and to include a proper proportion of leftists EAM left wingers reported the centralc o m m i 11 e es decision would be delivered to Scobie by the EAMs Secretary Gen Milso Eartsalides It was understood the EAM was not insisting on any particular representation in the proposed national government presumably leaving that to be worked out after the end of the fighting Ropers report of the arrival of the reinforcements in a spectacu lar manner was not explained but suggested Ihe possibility that the British might be rushing in troops by air in a bid for a quick decision in the Greek crisis Boost Output of Critical Munitions WashinKton of critical munitions jumped sharply in November Japanraiding B29 Superfortresses leading the way Hiland G Batcheller acting chairman of the war production board described it as a wonder ful month on the critical pro grams but disclosed that army demands had made it necessary to further expand present tiremak ing facilities The new tiremaking facilities which are in addition to various emergency steps already under way to step up production will have a capacity of 1000000 mili tarytype tires each 3 months No decision has been made as to where the new tire plants will be located but Batcheller said the availability of labor would be a major factor When the new plants come into production late next year the quarterly output is expected to be 6700000 militarytype tires This compares with the present rate 4100000 tires quarterly On an overall basis the output of critical munitions gained 11 per cent over the previous month but fell 4 per cent behind schedule King George Works as Usual on Birthday London George VI celebrated his 49th birthday Thursday without benefit of pomp and ceremony The king planned to spend the day quietly working as usual on slate business Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerably warm er with sunshine and thawing Thursday afternoon fair Thurs day night and Friday warmer Thursday night lowest about 22 loiva Fair and warmer Thursday night becoming partly cloudy Friday with moderate tempera tures Shippers forecast Mini mum temperature about 20 in all sections Friday morning except J5 in the southeast Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday except snow flurries north and central portions Friday Warmer Thurs day night colder north and cen tral portions Friday Winds in creasing to fresh to strong Thursday night and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 18 Minimum Wednesday night 2 At 8 a m Thursday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum Minus 9 Trace snow ONLY SPORADIC FIGHTINGHEARD ALONG STREETS English Leaders Claim Most Dangerous Phase Has Apparently Passed Athens drive ot ELAS forces of the national liberation front on the center of Athens ap peared Thursday to have been halted and British leaders said the most dangerous phase in the 12 day turmoil apparently had passed Heavy firing which shook the city earlier this week gave way to sporadic machinegun bursts and the last 24 hours were the quietest of any like period sincethefight inff broke out between the leftists on the one hand and Greek forces and British troops on he ilher Military authorities however banned civilians from lie streets except between noon and 2 p m British and Greek mountain brigade forces held an area ap proximately 3 miles square in the center of Athens and extended their holdings in Piraeus to about 5 square miles despite local ELAS attacks Reinforcements made the British position more secure Rumors persisted that ELAS leaders would attempt lo reach an agreement with Maj Gen R M Scobie British commander and would send a representative with counterproposals but it was un derstood that the British terms re mained unchanged The British demands included evacuation of Attica by the ELAS surrender ot their arms and the disbandment of private armies British authorities expressed belief the ELAS had planned to take the center of the city with a 2promred drive from the north west and southwest andhow that might have decided to seek terms Gen Nicolas Placteras who re turned from abroad at the invita tion of Premier George Papan dreou conferred for 2 hours wilh Papandreou Indications that the ELAS still were militant came from the ELASheld Athens radio which broadcast Greeks defend your fntnerland in the towns and ports To the barricades Everyone is to take up arms These reports said the ELAS were ready to accept British terms on condition that they would not be prosecuted as a parly and that Scobie would agree to formation or a new national government Headed by someone other than Premier George Papandreou it was said the ELAS proposals would be carried to Scobie by Al exander Svolos former leftist fi nance minister in Papandrcous cabinet British troops Wednesday suc ceeded in clearing the Kallipolis peninsula and most Piraeus the Port of Athens where the British Greek naval headquarters had been isolated Sharp fighting however cen tered around the British barracks northeast of the center of Athens which ELAS forces stormed early in the day Some of the attack ers penetrated the walls of the before thev were driven back with considerable losses Tension continued In the Sa lonika and Patras areas and con siderable movement of Kuerrilla formations was reported through out the country In London the labor party called for an immediate armistice with the ELAS and establishment of a representative government in Athens While adopting a reso lution avoiding criticism of the government policy to date in the Greek crisis the annual labor party conference heard James Griffiths spokesman for the partys executive council Declare we want an armistice with the ELAS not unconditional surren der means an agreement be tween the parties concerned he added not an ultimatum Labor will insist upon a representative government and no government which excludes EAM political faction of which ELAS is the armed branch can be representa a Report Only Military Transport Operating on Nazi R R Lines Twentyfirst Army Group Head quarters aerial blows have so paralyzed German rail traffic that virtually no passenger trains except military transport are now operating in the reich an RAF spokesman said Thursday By the end of October he said German locomotives had been re duced to 42 per cent ol the 1939 figure Y ;