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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 14, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VQL XLVI THE NJWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 14 1939 THIS PAPZH OFTWO SECHONS ONEi JJO 57 120 DIE AS 2 BRITISH SHIPS COLLIDE Oliio Relief Crisis Only tiature CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist GOVERNOR BRICKER of Ohio and Mayor Burton of Cleveland have been engaged recently in the same kind of row that everlast ingly is raging between the federal govern ment and the various state g 0 v e rnments whenever the question of re sponsibility of relief of the needy is under discussion The Ohio muss has been compara Governor Bricker lively in minia ture of the na tional one but the two are identi cal in principle Every time congress meets a yowl goes up from the repre sentatives of each of the 48 states to the effect that that particular delegations state has exhausted all its resources in aid of its distressed citizenry but still is far short of enough to meet its emergency therefore It must have federal financial assistance The theory seems to be that if 48 states each of them has taxed itselfup to the limit and each is stillshy of whatit needs the whole 48 of them must ante into the kitty for division among the whole 48 ofthem yi A Comparison Its as if 48 men had 50 cents apiece and wanted to raise a fund ot7 Obvibujsly ittrcouldnt be don by jfrfllfSvidnpl 5Qcent cou bufaons So what be the TlUJf according to our congressional economists the solution would be to levy SI upon each of them How with 50 cents apiece they could dig up a total any more than they could do it separately is a puzzle for an arithmetician Thats theldope though Naturally no states senators and representatives believe that such a scheme would work Theyre all quite aware that a billion whether levied upon all the states collectively or split up among em pro rata as per population and res o u r c e s amounts to the same thing so far as the taxpayers are con it federal taxes or slate taxes or county taxes or taxes or any old kind of taxes That isnt it The individual solons belief is that somehow HIS state will get a bigger diwy out of the common pool than the other states In short it will flimflam the other 47 True a single state may be stricken by a particular calamity arid have to ask for national char ity However when its on an aver Its sickish to listen to it in congress Ohios Case Governor Brickers contention has been that cities like Cleve land must tend to themselves lo cally I dont know anything about the Buckeye state but from my ob servations in Washington I cant but conclude that his arithmetic has a certain amount of sense in it Mayor Burton of Cleveland does make one substantial point He says that Cleveland has taxed itself up to its state laws limit for relief and has rot to hare the legislatures authority to LIFT the wants an extra session of the legislature to lift it Im skeptical looking on from Washington Incidentally Governor Bricker remarks that the Ohio city of To ledo had an election TO lift the limit and voted against it Mayor La Guardia of New York subsequently put the pan under Governor Bricker for the tatters attitude But its to be remem beredthat Mayor La Guardias a very local official and has that municipal complex Its Fun Its Simple Its Profitable The Chuckle Contest Turn to the WantAd Page Now for Complete Details DETAILS ABOUT NAVY DISASTER NOT REVEALED Second Warship Not Damaged 23 Saved in Duchess Tragedy LONDON admiralty reported Thursday the British de troyer Duchesshad collided with another warship and sunk with an indicated loss of 120 lives Only thf ee dealt by been more dis astrous to ihe British navy since he outbreak of the war They were the sinking of the aircraft carrier Courageous with a loss of 578 men the battleship Royal Oak with 786 men and the armed merchantman Rawalpindi with 265 men Details of where or bow the col lision occurred were not given but it was disclosed that it happened Wednesday The admiralty said the other ship which was immediately iden tified was undamaged Onty one officer and 22 men ivere saved it said The Duchess was commanded by Lieut Com mander R C H White The Duchess was a warship of 1375 tons in the Defender class and was completed Jan 24 1933 She carried a normal complement of 145 men X V It was believed possible the Duchess may have carried a larger than normal crew because of war duty The fifth British warship of that name since the seventeenth century she had spent most of her career in Chinese waters Last July 6 she assisted in re movingforeigners including chow Last May she fisrasl a Japanese cruiser to allow the Brit ish liner Ranpurato proceed near Hongkong She was damaged slightly in March 1938 in a collision with a Japanese steamer The Duchess arms included 47inch guns six smaller guns and eight 21inch torpedo tubes News of the disaster came as victories against German naval power in ttuNorth sea and south Atlantic were being marked the latter against the German pocket battleship Graf Spee The admiralty announced Wednesday night that the same British submarine it asserted refrained from torpedoing the German liner Bremen Tuesday had sunk a German submarine and torpedoed a German cruiser The German high command communique Thursday reported an underwater explosion near one light cruiser The damage was unimportant The ship returned to a home Naval sources said there would be no more news of the subma rines exploits until she had re turned home NoziPocket Battleship Forced to Neutral Port Russ Forces Near Salmijarvi M X HEAVY AGAINST FfftMIJH RESISTANCE ACTlvnYjN ALL SECTORS lMiPiUCelri1 how soviet Russias attack on Fln Und U spread aUrar tte entire eastern border of the hapless little SO Killed 200 Hurt in Factory Explosion By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MONTEVIDEO Ger man and British warships fight first major naval bat tle of war pocket battle ship Admiral Graf Spee takes refuge in port badly damaged 36 Germans Wiled damage to three British cruisers undisclosed GENEVA ex pelled from league for in vading Finland league as sembly condemns Russia as aggressor and recommends aid to Finns LONDON British de stroyer Duchess sinks aft er collision 120 men lost Chamberlain accuses Ger many of aiding Russian drive into Finland BERLIN Germans ac cuse British of using gas in naval battle Britain de nies German Russian friendship treaty ratified M 0 S C 0 W Russian troops reported 65 miles within east central Finland Cellulose Plant Disaster Reported in Rumanian Town BUCHAREST per sons were killed and 200 others were gravely injured Thursday in an explosion at a cellulose plant under military control at Zarnesti Many of the injured were feared to be dyinsr Whole fami lies were wiped out in their sleep by the early morning blast of an overheated 1000gaHon kettle of chemical A high wind spread the flames and carried chlorine fumes over the village Many inhabitants fled to the woods but numerous families liv ing near the factory were wiped out The casualties included all of the plant workers Many townsfolk including small children were overcome in their sleep A railway train which pulled into its station near the factory aboutthetime of the blast was hastily abandoned by the passen gers The engineer and two station attendants who remained at their posts met death Firemen ofsurrounding towns and soldiers in gas masks battered down doors to drag hundreds of unconscious persons to safety They picked up scores of others from where they had fallen in the streets of the little Rumanian town Wiilc first reports of the ex plosion did not indicate sabo tage the disaster followed a se ries of train wrecks and oil Plant fires which have caused heavy loss and for which many persons blame foreign agents Following Thursdays disaster the government ordered a military guard over all oil fields The Weather FORECAST MINNESOTA Fair and some what warmer Thursday night ana Friday IOWA Fair and somewhat warmer Thursday night and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 39 minimum in Night 9 At 8 a m Thursday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum jg Minimum 12 LOOK INSIDE FOR PREiMIEK CHAMBERLAIN Lauds British Sea Victory Over Nazis PAGE 2 Plan Farm Event at Goldfield PAGE 8 Kinnick Speaks to Congregational Club PAGE 15 Thomas F Ryan III Elected President of Airlines Firm KANSAS CITY F Ryan III was elected president and A S Hanford vice president of the MidContinent Airlines at a directors meeting here Vernon A Donell former sales manager of the Vega Airplane company has become vice presi dent in charge of MidContinents operations Finn Forces Retreat on Arctic Road BULLETIN SVANIK Nonvay viet Russian troops Thursday night marched into Salmajaer vi Finlands second nickel man ufacturing city and found it a heap of ruins left by Finnish troops who set fire to Ihc city before they fled KIRKENES Norway At the Finnish troops neared flaming Salmijarvi Thursday night as Finnish forces retreated southward except for a rear guard detachment left to ex plode dynamite charges in valu able nickel mines As far as could be seen from the Norwegian frontier town of Pasvilc all villages on the Fin nish side were aflame The Rus sians were expected to reach Sal mijarvi some time Thursday night The Finns were preserving good order as they withdrew along the Arctic highway Norwegians laid dynamite on the frozen river Pasvik separat ing Norway and Finland to be exploded if necessary to safeguard their neutrality Salmijarvi and four other towns in the Tullevi Koivolahti and Kovoranta all were ablaze Thursday The entire district from Boris Glev to Salmijarvi was covered with black smoke The Petsamo district 13 a nar of Finnish territory on the Arctic ocean H Though Finland at this point is scarcely 30 miles wide it could not be clearly discerned how far theRussian troops have advanced Finns escaping from Salmijarvi to the Norwegian town of Svanvik just across the border said Salmi jarvi no longer could be held It was uncertain whether the burning towns had been fired by retreating Finns or by Russian bombers Three Russian bombing planes circled over Salmijarvi Thursday morning and were greeted by heavy antiaircraft and machine gun fire which continued into the afternoon FINNS PREPARE FOR COUNTER ATTACKS HELSINKI ob servers reported the Finns were in position Thursday to organize counterattacks after stopping the soviet Russian invasion on the Karelian Isthmus A Finnish army communique reported Wednesday night the red army had been brought to a standstill and iliat fighting on the isthmus was localized On the eastern or middle front fhe Finns said the Russians con tinued fierce attacks but that counterattacks cost the Russians great losses Five Russian tanks five antitank guns four field guns and many machine guns were reported captured A Russian communique said an advance of between 65 and 66 miles into Finland had been made on the eastern front This would indicate a push of about 20 miles beyond Markajarvi where the Russians were reported Tuesday On the northern shore of Lake Ladoga the Russian com munique reported an advance of seven miles It added that unfavorable weather prevented aerial action The Finnish air force it said made successful bombing and machine gun raids on mechanized forces and infantry different sectors of the war area Coast artillery bombarded the Russians on the Karelian Isth mus and annihilated forces op cratingon coastal roads on Lake Ladoga the Finns said LEAGUE EXPELS REDS BECAUSE OF AGGRESSION Russia Is Ousted From International Body Unanimously GENEVA The league of nations by unanimous vote of its council Thursday expelled soviet Russia because of her invasion of Finland Four members of Ihe council including Finland abstained from voting On the expulsion motion The others were China Yugoslavia and Greece The vote was on a resolution which declared that as a result of Russias actions toward Fin land the U S S H no longer is a member of the league if Unanimous vote of the council is necessary to expel a member Abstentions do not affect unani mity This was the first time in league history that a nation had been expelled The council acted after the assembly had condemned Russia as an aggressor called on its members to ajd Finland and approved an invitation to non league nations such as the United Slates also to help the yttle republic The council and assembly both adjourned after taking action on the RussianFinnishissue 8 SHOPPING DAYS LEFT BUY CHRISTMAS SEALS delegate jusTTiefore The council vote declared that althoifgh France would give Finland all pos sible help and would vote for Rus sian expulsion she could not do so without recalling past aggres sions PaulBoncour told the council that aggressions which preceded this one made It possible PaulBoncour was followed by British Foreign Undersecretary H A Butler who also made slight changes in his prepared speech to meet his allys stand He empha sized that nothing was as import ant to fhe allies as the war with Germany v The council move to expel Rus sia followed action by the assem bly condemning Russian aggres sion and asking members to aid Finland The text of the council resolu tion said The council having taken cog nizance of the resolution adopted by the assembly Dec 14 regarding the appeal of Finnish government First associates itself with the condemnation by the assembly of the action of the U S S R against the Finnish state and Second for reasons set forth m the resolution of the assembly by virtue of Article 10 paragraph four of the covenant Finds that by its act the U S S R has placed itself outside the league of nations It follows that the U S S R no longer is a member of the league R A Butler undersecretary of foreign affairs said the assembly of the league may rest assured that despite the heavy burden which we in the United Kingdom in common with other nations of the British commonwealth and our allies arc bearing at the pres ent time in the major struggle for right and law in which we are engaged His Majestys govern ment will not thereby excuse themselves from giving the best assistance in their power to Fin land v High diplomatic quarters sug gested hat foreign roops idling in allied armies might become Sighting volunteers for the Finns The idea of an international brigade for Finland similar to that which Moscow supported in Loyalist Spain began to leak out of league corridor conversations France would be the main source of such volunteers as she is host to Polish and Czech units and many other foreign fighting men in addition to her own foreign le gion The French were reported to be listening with interest Military sources said they were eager to find a wide open battle ground in their war with Ger many and that the Baltic states and western Russia might be viewed in Paris and London as Ine longest but easiest way around Germanys Siegfried line HONOR Previously Reported Carfield School circle Mason dij junior Ulfh Teachers Association Jr HaJafsah Girls O Circle Trinity Lutheran Kxneds Hi Trl ot JUsoa Cjiy nijistlijoi Trinity Lutheran Brotherhood Mason Cllj Council Knlrhls at Columbus Mason City Little Mason City Rotary Club unnamed Friends Two Birds From trlscllia Club Monday Child Study R W G clio club Mason city Chapter Hadajsah F sirMaiim Glldners Mason City Correction Total Received Thus Far SSISM Amount Needed to Reach Goal S98ltr OLKS that old C h r istmas Cheer wagon is r e a 1 ly rolling Its velocity is reflected m the above UstoLdo Cheer Fund Wagon Now a Rolling 533395 200 500 iOfl IOU aoo 500 JOO IOO 500 2M ooo EOO 500 500 89 100 single twenty four hoiir pe Iiod almost t w othirds as much was add ed to the fund as in the week and a half since the campaign got under way on Monday Dec 4 Thats what you call moving And with the close of the campaign only eight giving days away there really must be some speed The really big impetus to the campaign Thursday came from the Gildner store which turned over an extremely large consignment of clothing underwear flannel shirts sweaters jackets shirts ram cost pants suits socks caps overalls and union suits The value placed on the 164 items was de cidedly on the conservative side W W This fine merchandise as well as the cash contributions being re ceived each day has been turned over to Miss Doris Bruce of the Social welfare league administra tor of the Fund Margaret Moeh lenhof held this position the past uvo years and Mrs Mabel Blaisc for a dozen years before that Plans were almost ready for an nouncement Thursday for a spe cial Christmas shop where fam ilies selected for sharing in the Christmas Fund benefits will go for a picking of tlicir gifts This system was tried out last year and worked out so well that con tinuation suggested itself The reasoning is that shopping is one of the principal joys of Christmas In the listing of the contribu tion Wednesday from group 3 of the Congregational W o m a ns Guild the gift was stated as S3 It should have been A number of the contributions in the list above arc known by those in charge of the fund to represent real sacrifice All reflect the true spirit of Christmas Sev eral have explained that this is their way of saying how thankful they are to live in a land where homes are secure and where people can worship as they wish a land where war has not laid its clutching hand of a beUcr lime than NOW to get that contribu 5tarted s way Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa WPA Worker Shot by Deputy Sheriffs Dies OES MOINES OTCam Archi bald 41 WPA tractor driver shot early Tuesday when deputy sher iffs surprised two prowlers in a Fort DCS Moines residence died early Thursday Archibald was shot through the midsection when officers said lie ignored their commands to halt as he fled from the house THREE BRITISH SHIPS FOLLOW ADMIRAL SPEE German Raider Goes to Montevideo With 36 Dead 60 Wounded MONTEVIDEO Uruguay The German pocket battleship Ad miral Graf Spec her steel hull rent by British guns and 3B of her crew dead clung to her refuge Thursday in this neutral port while two of the three British cruisers which engaged her in a 14hour running battle Wednes day mounted guard out at sea The third cruiser the crippled Exeter which was knocked out of Hie fight after four hours of cannonading limped into the Rio dc la Plata to a position 12 miles off Montevideo As British legation officials boarded her reports were current there were many dead and wound ed aboard the cruiser but nothing official had been issued on casual ties either among the crews of the Exeter or her fellow fighters the Achilles and the Ajax all of which were damaged Internment tor the duration ol the war seemed the only prospect for the warship which Germany in the days of naval limitation built to outrun or outgun any other warship afloat Her other choice would be a desperate gamble at escape after repairs Besides the 36 Germans killed the included the which normally totals 926 Otto iangraann German min ister to Uruguay visited the vessel and renewed charges that crew Nazi Ship Given Stay of 48 Hours WASHINGTON tary Hull said Thursday he was jntormed that a stay of 48 hours had been allowed at Montevideo for the battlescarred German battleship Admiral Graf Spee The Uruguayan government according to information re ceived here may permit an even longer slay for the vessel if the commander requests it on the ground that repairs must be made even though those re pairs were necessitated by Brit ish hits on the German ship Reports reaching here indi cated that Uruguay did not in tend to apply a distinction made by the United States between repairs of damage caused by gunfire and repairs resulting from other causes such as a storm Edwin C Wilson American minister to Uruguay telephoned the state department that there were three separate engage ments between the Admiral Graf Spee and the British ves sels Achilles Ajax and Exeter men were suffering from lung and eye injuries resulting from cas shells fired by the British The admiralty in London and Prime minister Chamberlain be fore the house of commons denied as entirely without foundation German allegations that mustard gas grenades or shells had been used Neutral inspectors were not per muted aboard the pocket battle ship One of two gravely injured crewmen disembarked appeared to have lost his sight from wounds ine commander of the Graf Spee had a minor armwound It was believed the Exelcr was preparing to enter the har bor o disembark wounded but Ajax and Achilles and pos sibly other British warcraft hovered offshore waiting to re sume the battle should the Ger man venture oul The Admiral Graf Spee had un til midnight p m C S T to leave Montevideo or apply for an extension of her stay Far into the night she lay at anchor potential target of the guns of the cruisers Ajax and Achilles which were scarcely cool from Wednesdays battle With dawn however the Brit ish ships had moved out the Montevideo Roads Tt was presumed that the British warships had withdrawn to points oulsidc territorial wa ters off the Rio dc la Plata Daylight permitted closer in spection of the Admiral Graf Specs large holes in the bridge area another astern ;