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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 13, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOk THE HOME HOME EDITION MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE 1111iff THI NfWSPAMR THAT MAKfS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVH Associated Press and United Presi Full Lease Wlrea I Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 13 1950 This Paper Consists ot Two M Surprise Rail Strike Hits Chicago Area Army Says Wildcat Layoff Directly Hurts War Effort Chicago sudden un authorized strike by yard switch men Wednesday tied up much freight traffic iri Chicagos vast railroad yards slowing many war shipments The Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen estimated 10000 of its 15000 members in the Chicago area are out The 5000 still on the job are yard workers other than those engaged in switching operations San Vander Hei Chicago chief of the union said he had been in structed by W P Kennedy union president now in Washington to get in touch with the men at once and instruct them to return to service He said a similar appeal had come from the national railway mediation board in Washington Ive tried to contact some of the men Vander Hei said but I cant reach 10000 men indi vidually The army said in Washington the strike directly hurts our war effort in Korea during this criti cal time It said it will take all necessary steps to restorenormal service A spokesman for the railroads said the tieup was incomplete but serious It affected many im portant lines operating in Chi cago the largest railroad center in the world Want Quick Settlement An industry spokesman said the was an attempt to force settlement of a wagehours dis pute before any wage freeze or presidential declaration of a war emergency A spokesmen for the Western Association of Railroads said the strike was a serious threat to movement of freight passenger and mail traffic swollen by the war emergency and the Christmas season He added however that the traffic tieup is far from com plete The strikers are switchmen inembers of the Brotherhood Railroad in Washington jwere reported te yrhat they saidwas a wildcat without au thorization In Washington a spokesman for the union predicted the white house will have to step in to halt the strike because the army is running the railroads He blamed the walkout on what he said was white house failure to get the long dispute settled The union seeks 48 hours pay for 40 hours work Army Had Assurance Assistant Secretary of the Army Bendetsen said in Washington the trainmens union had assured the army that the unions members would remain on the job and con tinue work while the roads were in government possession Benetsen said the army expects the union to live up to that com mitment He said the army would take necessary steps to restore serv ice but he did not say what measures would be taken The tieup affected some but not all lines operating through Chica go The railroads were seized by the government Aug 30 during a crisis in the wagehour dispute still being negotiated The army has charge of running the lines Among lines reported affected were the Pennsylvania Santa Fe Monon Soo North Western In diana Harbor Nickel Plate the Elgin Joliet and Eastern The last two are short belt lines Lines reported not affected in cluded the Milwaukee Burlington New York CentralIllinois Cen tral Rock Island and Gulf Mo bile and Ohio Freight operations were hard est hit But some lines reported a few passenger trains tied up or delayed The Carnegie Illinois Steel Corp said it xvas preparing to shut down its South Chicago plant the nations 3rd largest But later the plant announced it would try to remain open It employs 15000 and is supplied by the E J E Marshall Aid to Britain Ends Jan 1 London of the Exchequer Hugh Gaitskell an nounced Wednesday the flow of Marshall aid recovery dollars to Britain will be ended Jan 1 British and American experts have been talking over the ending of Marshall aid for several weeks The American point of view was that Britain now has reached the point where no more aid is needed The announcement of the end of aid was made in the house of commons Britain becomes the first coun try to step out of themultibillion dollar aid program to war ravaged Europe Started in April 1948 the pro tram was designed to put Amer icas allies back on their feet by July AP Wirephoto ANTIRED CHINESE PICKET UNITED group of anticommunist Chi nese picket outside the grounds of the United Nations general assembly at Flushing Meadow park Long Island Tuesday protesting the presence of communist Chinese rep resentatives at UN meetings Truman Near Emergency Call Complete Mobilization Indicated Washington Tru man told congressional leaders Wednesday of plans for a very rapid increase in military strength and won backing from republicans present They agreed the country is confronted with a dangerous emergency The white house issued a statement the two hour conference and also an nounced that Mr Truman will make a worldwide radio broad cast at p m CST Friday night It was indicated the address will be primarily a statement to the American people of the neces sity for sacrifices on the home front to support increased armed forces andsupplythi l Proclamation Likely address likely will be sup plemented by a proclamation de claring a national emergency al though the congress members said after their talk with Mr Truman that this was a matter still unde cided Senator Lucas DI11 and Rep Vihson DGa said they expect ed such a proclamation Senator Wherry RNebr said tie also expects one and that his impression is that Mr Truman is inclined to total mobilization of the home front The white house statement said there appeared to be strong sen timent among the republican and democratic leaders in favor of declaring a national emergency but that some withheld approval pending further study of the le gal effects Taft Agrees Senator Taft of Ohio acting as spokesman for republicans who attended the white house confer ence dictated this statement to reporters We agreed fully that a dan gerous emergency exists for the people of the United States We agreed with the presidents gen eral program for building up the armed services as rapidly as pos sible As to the proposed declara tion of a national emergency we did not feel we were sufficiently advised as to the legal effect of sucha declaration or the pro gram that must accompany it to take a final position on that ques tion If the declaration is legally necessary to advance the develop ment of our armed strength we would be for it Taft said the statement had the approval of other senate and house republicans present at the discussion with Mr Truman Go Slow From the statement it appeared the republicans may have sug gested a go slow approach to a declaration of national emergency which the administration was re ported to be about ready to make Administration men have said such a declaration would not have any important legal effect so far as increasing the presidents pow ers is concerned But they con tend it would have a great psy chological effect Senator Wherry RNebr told reporters he understands that Mr Truman will hold two or 3 more conferences before deciding about an emergency proclamation Cedar Falls Bus Fares to 70 Cents Waterloo City bus fares in Waterloo and Cedar Falls will be raised to a straight 10 cents a ride Sunday The Waterloo city council Tuesday night au thorized the Waterloo Cedar Falls Northern railroad to halt the sale of tokens for 3 lor 25 cents and establish straight 10 cent cash ffre f 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 A Gift From You Will Help This to Grow Into a Full Sized 600 Christmas Tree 400 ZOO PREVIOUSLY KEPORTED Senior Girl Scout Irnop 13 Monroe Junior High 4lh Hour English CumDable club Fertile Two Blrdi From YFiUwooil Muon City lodie 224 I OO P 30729 300 SOO Truman Letter Spurs Gillette Investigation Washington Tru mans assertion that election cam paigns in 5 states were as low as Ive ever seen quickened in vestigations underway Wednes day by the senate campaign com rtittee Chairman Gillette D Iowa old a reporter inquiries already nave been made in Utah and North Carolina two states men ioned by the president in a Dec 7 letter made public Tuesday night by Rep Hebert The Iowa senator said that Louisiana Illinois and the other states the president cited being covered in a nation wide survey by the committee ol campaign costs anobcirculatioa oi Junior Ulilt gth Grade EnflUh cldss 2 Otter troop 8 Muon City Rene SIK 5W THE1 DAKS TOTAL I iW20 TOTAt TO DATE f 33749 StJM STILL NEEDED 1C4251 Give Vent to That Feeling of Helping S YOU MAKE YOUE PLANS for the observ ance of Christ mas do you stop to think a little about how fortunate the most of us are in the midst of a world of tur moil A c o ntribu tion to the Christmas Cheer Fund is a most excellent way of giving expression to that feeling of thankfulness The money thus raised goes to help Mason City families our own neighbors as it were who are in need of help to put some joy into their Christmas The contributions Wednesday indicate the appeal of the fund is reaching an ever widening circle of good fellows including children in the schools And this it must do if the required amount is to be raised Contributions can be brought to the GlobeGazette office or mailed to Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette City Iowa Russia Rejects Proposal for CeaseFire By MAX HARRELSON Lake Success Russia Wed nesday rejected an AsianArab plan for a Korean ceasefire on the ground that the United States and Britain would use a truce to prepare their forces for a new attack A statement by Jacob A Malik dashed the hopes of UN delegates for of the 13nation peace plan by the Chinese com munists who adhere closely to soviet policy Malik insisted there can be no peace in Korea until all UN troops are withdrawn My delegation objects to and will vote against the draft resolu tion before the committee Malik said We will object to theadop tion of any resolution which has implicit in it the maintenance of foreign troops in Korea Malik spoke before the political committee of the United Nations assembly which is considering an AsianArab proposal for a 3man group to work out a ceasefire ar rangement Hebert a frequent critic of ad ministration policies had written the president suggesting Mr Tru man set aside a Sunday before Christmas faiid Call on thepeople to p r ay iEutheir churches for guidance of the nation Iri the Gethsemane of our existence Mr Truman replied by sending Hebert a copy of his Thanksgiv ing proclamation saying he be lieved that effectively answers your suggestion Then in the latest of a series of letters evidently dashed off in a moment of annoyance Mr Tru man added I am extremely sorry that the sentiments expressed in your let ter were not thought of before November 7 when the campaign in your state Utah North Carolina Illinois and Indiana was carried on in a manner that was as low as Ive ever seen and Ive been in this game since 1906 Hebert wrote Mr Truman in reply that he was stunned and he added It is indeed exceedingly re grettable that you failed to grasp the real purpose and intent of my suggestion but it is even more re grettable that you saw fit to gra tuitously inject politicial distem per in your reply Capehart Responds Mr Trumans remarks about the level of the campaigns in the 5 states led Senator Capehart re publican reelected in Indiana to say the president must have been talking about the drive put on there by the defeated democratic candidate Alex J Campbell I dont blame the president for being ashamed of the campaign he and the new deal candidate carried on in Indiana Capehart told a reporter The president was correct in saying it was the lowest in the history of Indiana Senator Long reelect ed in November said he thought the campaign in which he was in volved generally was conducted on a high plane Killed Driving Car Into Side of Train Hawarden Edward Henry 62 retired farmer of Ha warden was killed in a traincar collision at a crossing here Tues day night Sheriff Harry Dykstra said Henrys car struck a Chicago and North Western freight train as it was leaving Hawarden for Huron S Dak Dykstra said Henry apparently didnt see the slowmoving train as he drove his car up a steep incline on to the raiWoad tracks SAME Hlick flue menus truftlo l ktiri 60000 Board Ships in Northeast After Battle Another Red Attack Feared Chinese Force in Yank Uniforms Repulsed by UN By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More than 60000 allied troops were streaming aboard ships at Hungnam Wednesday on a fighting evacuation from northeast Korea Chinese reds wearing American uniforms made a 3hour attack on the escape beachhead Wednesday morning The attack was repulsed but allied officers feared the hinese would try massive before the last United Nations troops get away by sea The disguised attackers were the vanguard of 64000 to 80000 Chinese troops massed iround the escape port on he Sea of Japan Heavy Blow Expected The allies at Hungnam were bandoning the last big United Nations outpost in North 30 miles deep in communist ter ritory Army Sgt George Burdick of Lakeport Cal summed up the mood of weary troops We want o get the hell out of here We verent exactly beat We were just fighting a lost cause against too damned many Chinese In the face of the Chinese men ace the surrounded UN force pouring aboard ships with field gear and many of their heavjf weapons stepped up the evacu ation pace American officers ex pected heavier blows possibly jWednesda3piiight commu nist troops usually attack in dark ness The defense force was preparec to defend the withdrawal will artillery mortars and long naval guns Field dispatches said the Chin ese reds wearing lull Americmr parka uniforms struck in com pany strength or less Army Counter Attacks A U S 3rd division infantry company counterattacked and drove off theChinese A spokesman identified them as part of a newly reported division ihe 81st That brought the num aer of Red Chinese divisions pressing against the beachhead to 8 The Chinese were trying to smash through the rearguard shield to make a kill before the last of the allies could escape The loading of troops and material began two days ago and is ex pected to continue some time Among the 60000 or more men moving at an orderly but fast pace across Hungnams docks into the ivsrcuation fleet were long unre pprted doughboys of the U S 7th Jivisionss 17th regimental com bat team and South Korean army regiments They were safe at last on the Hungnam coastal plain after re treating for nearly two weeks from extreme North far up as the Yalu river boundary of a security blackout Destination Secret The destination of the forces embarked on the Sea of Japan was a top secret for security rea sons Field dispatches said thousands of Chinese were massing nearby for a final blow Troops from 5 allied divisions manned a stout defense line stretching for a 14mile radium around Hungnam and the inland twin city of Hamhung AP Correspondent Tom Stone with the evacuating 10th corps said the withdrawal was being carried on rapidly but quietly It was pushed under protection of the long guns and carrier planes of the UN fleet Much of the allies arsenal in northeast Korea was slated for sea movement There were two big questions arising out of the evacuation Could the allied ing Puerto Ricans and British royal out before the Chinese swept in from the frozen mountains in sight of the harbor What was the destination of the still strong 10th corps Would it go to the Seoul area where the 8th army still is massed on defense lines to Pusan port in the old southeast Korea beachhead or to Japan The have failed to follow through quickly on their several smashing attacks in North the answer to the fate of the evacuation Reminder of Anzio AP Correspondent Stan Swin ton reported from Hungnam that the allied beachhead was reminis cent ol Anzio scene of bloody World war II fighting in Italy ex ept for the silent guns Swinton vho is a veteran of Anzio said Roads are jammed and so is he harbor in the rear Americans re dug in on the flatlands Com nand posts are separated by min utes Shoulder patches mingle as hough it were a rear echelon eadquarters Thousands of pathetic refugees trearned down from the north jut were turned away from the aeachhead The danger of 5th col umnists and disguised troops urked in their midst In the west the 8th army ap parently had withdrawn south parallel 38 the old border between North and South Korea lor a defenseline jutting i jshor distance into communist territory Highways jammed Refugees still jammed highways secondary roads an trails leading southward from re Korea AP Correspondent Waugh reported one column o possibly a half million persons stretched along 25 miles of moun tain roads between Chaeryong anc Haeju 75 miles northwest o Seoul Trains were blanketed with Ko rean civilians riding through the winds to some hopedfor se curity in the south Frozen dead weretaken off at every stop Wherever the migrating masses came in with UN troops hey were checked for weapons and ammunition which might be used against allied troops The checks turned up bullets and even rrenades in the packs and dresses f women with babies strapped to heir backs At some points pamphlets and even bullets fired over their heads warned the refugees to turn back Swiss Airliner Shears Light Pole Lands 31 Safely Sydney N S big Swiss airliner sheared off a guide light pole at the nearby reserve airport Wednesday and then skipped half a mile into a bog with only minor njuries to several passengers among the 31 persons aboard Coming in for refueling on a Jlight from Switzerland to New York the 4engined DC4 struck he pole bounded into the marsh md burst into flames 15 minutes after passengers and crew mem Ders had been taken to safety There were 20 passengers and a crew of 11 aboard as the plane came in for a landing on the fog hrouded field Weather Report FORECAST llason City Cloudy with light snow Thursday Low Wednes day night near 12 above High Thursday 28 owa A period of light snow in northeast half light snow or freezing rain or drizzle south west half moving across the state from the northwest Wed nesday night ending temporar ily but beginning again Thurs day over most of the area Somewhat colder extreme northeast Wednesday night Low Wednesday night ranging from 8 to 15 above extreme northeast 25 to 32 southwest High Thursday from 32 to 38 west 25 to 30 extreme east Further outlook Cloudy with occasional snow north rain or snow south Friday and Sat urday Somewhat colder like ly Saturday Low Thursday night 22 to 27 High Friday 31 to 33 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 26 Minimum 15 At 8 a m 17 Precipitation trace AP 5Virephofo ALLIES EVACUATING NORTH a mass evacuation of UN forces from northeast Korea in progress Wednesday rearguard troops perim eterin the HamhungHungnam area sawtooth re pulsed a light attack by Chinese troops dressed in Amer ican uniforms Destination ol the 60000 or mor6 troops beingevacuated was not disclosed for security reasons Cockiness Gone as American Troops Head Into Japan Sea By WILLIAM CHAPMAN United Press Staff Correspondent Huiiffnam Korea ng on the main pier of this ori ntal port town in a cold Siberi n wind I can see a transport eavily loadedwith retreating Jnited Nations troops and equip ment heading out into the Japan a I am looking at the 1st phase of heUnited Nations Dunkerque in ortheast Korea There is no band to play mar al music for the troops They ont smile and they dont look harp and confident They are red and cold and disgusted And iany are sick with colds In Contrast You hear the chugchug of inch motors on the decks of the ust flecked freighters and the irill scream of winch cables as nother load of equipment is wung into the holds And you remember another cene near here two months scene in sharp contrast to Wed esdays picture Two months ago Istood on a eviewing stand in miles north of watched roops of the Republic of Korea apitol division swing through the ity and onward up the coast I had watched them take Ham ung and Hungnam the night be ore And on that warm sunny ay in midOctober with the outh Koreans swinging smartly hrough a canyon of welcoming anners and South Korean and nited Nations flags there was no bought of retreat in North Ko a Wednesday the dock area is cov red with the slop churned up by aboring trucks and plodding feet snowy trucks and eet pointed toward the flotilla of hips waiting in the harbor to ake the UN force away Dropped in Retreat The mess is littered with emp Cration cans and boxes of quipment dropped in the rush f retreat and covered with the oot of hundreds of tent stoves It is bitterly cold and no one is ressed in his Sunday best Both roops and civilians are dressed in attered rags dirtstained GI par as ancient Mongolian mountain aps and mudcoated overshoes All the troops slog through mud ith their heads down and shoul ers bent But the South Korean roops present the saddest sight These are the same cocky sol iers who marched smartly hrough here on their way to hongjin and to within 40 miles f the Manchurian border Today they only huddle quietly their cockiness gone their young beardless facel immobile in the cold Sad Roll Call The roll call aboard ships is m sad one The 1st marine division that fought its way to frozen Chosin reservoir and then fought its way out again on pure guts The 7th infantry division that drove all the wayto Hyesanjin on the Yalu river only to have fight its way back to safety The 3rd division which had to fight guerrillas near Wonsan and then helped protect Hamhung while the marines came home The South Korean 3rd and Cap itol divisions All of the divisions are made up of battletested all remembered today that many of their best Mendsare buried in the frozen North Korean hills they are leaving Scott Says He Turned Down Kickbacks Des Moines George Lt Scott Iowa liquor control com missioner testified Tuesday that he had beenoffered kickbacks by liquor companies and had turned them down The testimony was givetf at a hearing by the Iowa legislative interim conimittee V The committee hearing charges which Scott has made in the past against the commission and Gdv William S Beardsley was sched uled to hear the other two com mission members Charman Arthur Coburn and Russell Swift Did any of commis sioners accept kickbacks Scott was asked I dont know he replied Not Accusing The commissioner did say in reply to a question that he was not accusing the commission of graft and corruption Making reference to Scotts ob jection to the commission order ing 1900 cases of wine the order was later Rep Clif ford M Strawman RAnamosa asked You said if the commission had gone through with that order it would be graft and corruption who would have gotten it I said it would be graft or just dumbness Scott answered In a lengthy opening statement Scott reiterated many of his earlier accustom that Bcardsley ;