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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 12, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OErURTWCNf OF HISTORY AND MOINES I A TH6 NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Proa United Prtsi Full Ltmitd MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 12 J9U British Forced Back in Fierce Athens Fighting SNIPERS PICKET ALLROUTESOUT OF GREEK CITY Several Hundred ELAS Troops Moving Toward City Strafed by Planes Athens Holand Sco bie Wednesday anounced exten rebel infiltration into th parts ofAthens cleared in the las few days and said snipers wer picketing all routes out of th city There has been ho slapkenins of rebel resistance and althougl some progress has been made in Piraeus and the central sector o the city the general situation ha improved little1 the commande of British forces iia Greece said in a communique The British and Greek govern ment forces in the center of Athen bad been forced to yield a dozen or more city blocks in what wa described at a military conferenc as very fierce fightine Scobie announced that rein forcements had landed to join in the battle against the antigovern mentforces Some progress has been made in the past 12 hours against heav resistance his communique said Several hundred moving toward Athens from the north were strafed by the roya air force i The government forces wftii drew from the military barrack in northern Athens and had to pull back from one block in the northeastern part of the aty un der heayy pressure The new lines were described in military terminology as more nearly conforming to a circle am therefore more easily defendei old Several Eres were burning around the perimeter of the Brit ish and Greek government forces Most were caused by ELAS dyna miting Within the last 15 minutes be fore this was writtenat least 10 projectiles apparently landed in the heart Athens They splintered masonry and sen billows of acrid smoke rolling down University street the prin cipal thoroughfare Censorship or other restrictive measures apparently prevented Roper from explaining what hat happened since oclock Mon day night when he filed a dis patch reporting that British forces Roper sur jounded in the heart of Athens and the situation was Athens broadcasts Tuesday said the insurgents appeared to be intensifying their efforts to force a decision before the British could move up reinforcements They were reported blowing up buildings in some parts of the city while the British and Greek gov ernment forceswere losing ground in others A British official photographer who visited the acropolis said many of its ancient structures were chipped by ballets The approaches to the acropoIU were under the machine gun fire of ELAS units of the EAM But the British apparently held the dominating height itself and were not hesitating to make more or less complete use of the advan tages it afforded The ELAS forces Monday cap tured or destroyed 200 drums of British gasoline and set fire to sevreal buildings in southern Ath ens A heavy column of black smoke towered several hundred feet over the city Tuesday morn mg The following section of Rop ers dispatch was filed Monday night The situation was the most crit ical since the startof the Greek civil war a week ago The British were confident of repnlsing even the heaviest ELAS attack but the fighting has reached interestingly high levels A Greek officer who arrived at headquarters from Salonikasaid armof the or national liberation front won complete control of that city at the northwestern end of the Aegean sea A dictatorship of the proletariat had been set up he said and 2000 EAM civil guards were patrolling the streets with 3000 to 4000 others standing by in reserve v London newspapers said Har old MacMillan British resident cabinet minister for the Mediter ranean and Marshal Sir Harold Liberal and Forward Looking Foreign Policy Sought Says Stettinius Before Committee and forward looking foreigi policy Testifying before the senate for eign relations committee in th jampacked senate caucus room the new secretary of state his un dersecretarydesignateand 5 as sistants told how they intend tc carry out their jobs if the senat confirms their nominations Their more than Z hours of tes timony was keynoled by Stet tmlus who outlined 5 major de parlmental objectives These included efforts to eri the war quickly to projectin steps to prevent Germany am Japan from acquiring power ti wage another aggressive war es tablishment of a united nation security organization expansion postwar world trade and en cpuragement of the democrati way of life in all nations Despite the senates action in sendmg back to the committw the nominations of Joseoh C Grew under secretary and Archibald MacLeish Nelson Rockefeller and W L Clay ton assistants there was little point ed questioning of them by com mittee members c recessed shortly before 1 p m until Wed nesday all of these with James C Dunn and Bng Gen Julius C Holmes had read statements ant faced questions except Clayton Last to take the tana Clayton read a prepared statement de R L G Alexander new allied supreme commander lor the Med iterranean have arrived in Ath ens for an llth hour attempt to restore peace ELAS artillery and mortars are ralnlner shells into the shrinking British island around British headquarters in the Great Britain hotel as I write this In the lobby ot the hotel At least one shell al ready has hit the hotel knifajf a soldier and wounding other per sons Sharp fighting is raging in the iyal palace gardens only 600 Jrds away British tanks are pounding away with assault guns backed up by 25pounder artil ry I can hear the screaming dives of RAF Spitfire fighters and the clatter of their cannpn as they strafe the far side of Lycavettos nilsupposed site of an ELAS 75 miUimeter gun 1000 yards north east of the hotel Big Wellington bombers also lomed in the battle during the day hitting ELAS positions in eastern Athens Report Proposals for Peace Drawn WSharp Bc echoed Tuesday through this Jattleground capital sendin homeless and terrified civilians scurrying out of the path of the fighting while rebel leaders were reported drawing up peace pro An impartial source described eaders of both the leftist politi cal party EAM and its militia army the ELAS as realizing now that they will eventually ose the bloody conflict with British and regular Greek troops Declaring the left wing leaders vere now relenting in their de mands that the government of Premier George Papandreou make vay for another in which thev would have control this source aid the ELAS troops would with draw from Athens and all the de partment of Attica in return for guarantees that none would be prosecuted In London the Daily Mail said icld Marshal Sir Harold AIcx nder new supreme allied com mander in the Mediterranean had een sent to Greece with personal natructions from Prime Minister Churchill to end the fighting as quickly as possible provided this an be done with the full assur nce of future peace and coop ration among the political par ties The Mailsaid Alexander was ccompamed by Harold MacMil an British resident minister to llied Mediterranean headquar The possibility of a peace or t least a truce also was strength ned by Publisher Dimitri Lam rakis who has been working vertime as a negotiator He re xirted EAM leaders as much more onciliatory than they were a ago 1 clarlne he was opposed to inter national cartels He is to be ques tioned Wednesday The absence of extensive ques tioning caused Sen Chandler D who is not a committee member to complain to reporters that other members the senate had not been given an opportu nity to make inquiries at the pub lic hearing Chairman Cormally D Tex told reporters he was firmly con vinced all 6 nominations would be confirmed There had been reports that MacLeish librarian of congress would be subjected to a vigorous cross examination but only Sen Clark D Mo had any inquiries to make Under Clarks questioning MacLeish said hewas strongly opposeo to communism in Amer ica and believed this country must cooperate with Russia in world affairs I am very strongly against T communism MacLeish said I have always fought it in this country I am against it in any society in which I live Testifying in the crowded sen ate caucus room in hearings hav ing a potentially heavy impact on world affairs Stettinius said the state department had these 5 ma jor JM tions for our armed forces so that the war may ba won at the ear liest possible moment Effective steps to prevent Germany and Japan after victory by the united nations from again acquiring the power to wage ag gressive war Establishment at the ear liest possible moment of a united nations organisation capable of building and maintaining the by force it generations to come Agreement on measures to promote a great expansion our foreign trade and of productive ness and trade throughout the world so that we can maintain full employment in our own coun try with the other united an era of constantly expanding prosperity and consumption and of rising standards of living Encouragement of all those conditions of international life favorable to the development by men and women everywhere of the institutions a free and dem ocrtJ way of life in accordance with their own customs and de Stettinius whose appointment as secretary recently was con firmed by the senate with only t adverse vote said in a prepared statement that the state depart ments task of building a lasting Jeace can be accomplished only n full cooperalion with the con gress and with the participation understanding and support ot the American people The new cabinet member look ftis place at the witness table with senators grouped in a big U around him The caucus room seating about 500 was jammed vith persons who had stood in ong queues for an hour before tfle doors were opened Plush rope barriers separated the audience from the committee and witnesses Joseph C Grew named as un dersecretary and the other dis puted nominees filed in at 1035 a m EWT behind Stettinius vho took the witness seat SUPERFORTRESSES VIEW OF HIROHITOS PALACE the heart of the congested city of Tokyo liesTthe moat ed palace grounds left center of Japans emperor as photographed for the first time by Saipanrbased Super i the palace is a IalSe railroad sta The Sumida river across the picture right passes what appears to be a large stadium AP wirephoto from iOtn air force army Yanks Take 6 Fortified Towns NOW HALF MILE FROM DUREN Reached Flooded Roer on 1000 Yard Front BULLETIN Paris first army infantry and tanks moved Tues day within a half mile of Duren Roer valley defense city captur ing 6 fortified villages on its ap proaches and reaching the flooded river on a 1000 yard front op posite the Hurtgen forest The U S 7th army in the cen ter of the western front broke clear through Ihe Maginot line and advanced hiore than 6 miles in 8 hours Reaching Seltz 15 miles southwest of the Bhine city of Karlsruhe Selti is 4 miles from the Palatinate border and a mile and a half west of the Rhine A dozen French towns alone the Rhine were captured The approach to the edge of the ruined brown city of 39000 20 miles southwest of Cologne was at and around Mariaweiler which was virtually cleanedout These towns fell swiftly to Lt Jen Courtney H Hodges army miles northwest of 500 yards from the at dawn after clearing the rail ana supply center of Hasnenau The troops encountered little re beat Microphones stood in front of each member of the committee Special tables were set up for ome 50 representatives of press radio Chairman Connally D Tex ailed the session to order at He warned Ihe audience notto applaud or show any igns of disapproval Stettinius said that with tha vise guidance of Cordell Hull1 Jis predecessor he intended to build up the strength the late department We need a state department vhich can carry out in the inter ests of the United States a liberal nd forward looking foreign pol cy with levelheaded and busi esslikc effectiveness he read from a prepared statement CUSTOMER SURPRISED tawton Okla iP ind queried the clerk when the man asked for cigarets What said the surprised cus tomer you mean you got kinds Hoven Duren and Roer Pier 5 miles northwest of Duren and 4 southeast of the central Roer bastion of Julich Patrols en tered the village Dec 6 Merken 3i miles northwest of Duren Merode miles southwest Gey 4 miles southwest of Du ren Heavy fighting continued around the town which finally was cleared Derichweiler less than 2 miles west of Duren Below Gey and almost due east of the forest town of Hurtgen the first army established its first firm jrrip on the banks of the Koer for 1000 yards south of the Obermanbach reservoir Supreme headqnarters estimated officially that the balk of the Germans had withdrawn east of the Roer leav ing behind only delaying forces Below Strass and Gey the Ger mans mounted a number of coun terattacks with considerable ar tillery fire There still was fighting at the northern end of the first army front at Schophoven Battlefront dispatches said there as every expectation Tuesday night that the Americans would be established along the west bank of the Roer in considerable force before dawn Wednesday espe cially in the sector facing Duren The civil population of Duren has been evacuated Recent fight ing on the Duren front was lik ened by officers to the battles m the Normandy bridgehead in many respects Dispatches from the Duren front said the battle was similar to those m Normandy because it was the type which exacts a heavy toll from the enemy and chews up his divisions so that they have to be amalgamated into new units or lose their battle identity The seventh army of LL Gen Alexander M Patch jnmped off the Sierfrted line re retrea doubts In their plunge through the Maginot line the Americans were able to travel as fast as fleet trucks could carry them The Ger mans simply did not have the per sonnel to man the old Trench for tifications dispatches from the seventh army front said Many civilians were found living in the Maginot forts secure from the war streaming past them The U S 3rd army finally cap tured Sarreguemines pulled up to the border ot the Saarland and started shelJinff the important German cities of Zwei Jnne ae000 St Jngbert o and 7 miles iriside Ger many The 3rd cleared out 5 fortified blocks in FraulaiUern a mile north of Saarlautern and a simi lar area in Ensdorf the same dis tance east Both are in the Sieg fried line It appeared that the Germans were quitting the west ern end of Fraulautern The Ger mans maintained pressure around the steel city of Dillingen 3 miles north of Saarlautern but at tempted no more counterattacks in the ruins of Saarlautern itself a city as devastated as Aachen The U S 7th army captured Ihe anem baS city of Haguenau skirted the dense forest to the north and reached to within 9 miJes of the German city of Karlsruhe behind the Rhine Supply dumps were seized al Haguenau The Americans were within 4 miles of the German palatinate above the city Farther south Strasbourg the 7th and the French first army were Avithin 3H miles ol Colmai checked more by floods than by Germans The French cleared 8 miles of the Rhine bank from the Swiss frontier to Kembs and faced the formidable German fortress across the river Help Give EJariy5B63 to Campaign PREVIOUS BEPORTED Parent and Shirley Allen Joe Daniels Auto Supply Alpha Clasa of Courre tlonal S S Tfoiinf Matrons club Barbara and Suiann Adami Bruce Girton R A C On Ihe Kilmer club Primary D e p Conrrejatjon nepl Coniretalianal s FEoberl James Brown Jr Freddie Simmer Elmer ana Neva and Ann Notary clttb First Methndisi Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday continued cold Tuesday night with lowest tem peratures about zero al Mason City rising temperatures Wed nesday afternoon Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday continued rath er cold Tuesday night slowly moderating temperatures Wed nesday shippers forecast west ern half 5 above eastern half zero Minnesota Partly cloudy and cold A few snow Hurries northeast portion Tuesday night Wednesday fair with moderating temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 21 Minimum Monday night 3 At 8 a m Tuesday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum 45 Minimum 300 lions are beginning to roll in and many thanks to the donors In cluded in the above listing are 2 large contributions which are Efany tunes yelcomi T Mr the Other too equally welcome aie many which repre sent little stories One i contri bution is from a boy Robert James Brown Jr who last year was the youngest donor weeks old His daddy was overseas at the time The lad now 13Vi months old whose father is now home is again listed as a donor and is looking forward to his first real Christinas Send your contribution lo Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette fllason City Iowa SNOWSTORM MOVES TO EAST Gale Warnings Given on New England Coast By UNITED PRESS The seasons first general snow storm moved into the east Tues day crippling traffic closing schools and war plants in some areas and bringing full gale warn ings to the New England coast A survey showed at least 39 im Persons died as a result of the I storm most of them in traffic ac cidents Snow was falling in Ohio and Indiana but the storm appeared to have passed over the rest or the 2 no 7IX 100 100 200 ICM SM3IB ARLY contribu tions to the Christ mas Cheer fund are doubly blessed They give impetus to the giving at mosphere and they help to case the wor ries those who a re plan ning to spread cheer and are dependent on this fund to supply their support When you make your contribu tion early you help get the movement into the swing you en courage others who may have been wavering in their decision on the time and amount to be come more generous The Christ mas giving spirit is infectious and you can do a substantial part in boosting the campaign it you have not already done so by sending in your gift AT ONCE The goal for the campaign is this year Nothing short of that will suffice to spread the cheer under a fully supervised and completely mapped program to those for whom it will do the most good It is indeed heartening to see the speed with which contribu midwest The coldest spot in the nation was Yellowstone National park with n below Among the cold est cities was Mason City Iowa with a reading of 3 above the xveather bureau reported Kansas and Missouri had subfreezin temperatures Eastern states had temperatures in the 30s midwestern states from 27 to 32 and the plains stales from 10 to 20 above The south reported unusually low temperatures with freezing on the east gulf coast and below freezing in northernFlorida U was 21 above in parts of Texas but the fruit region escaped the cold wave Louisiana reported a low of 34 unusually low for that state There were 15 inches of snow in the Great Smoky mountains in North Carolina while Ihfc weath er in Georgia was reported clear ing after snow flurries NEW ASSAULTS BYSUPERFQRTS ARE REPORTED Aged Ailing Persons and Children Taken From Nippon Capital BylINITED PRESS The Japanese reported Tuesday that they were stripping Tokyos 7000000 population down to es sential defense personnel in a mass evacuation preparatory to a full dress American aerial siege foreshadowed Tuesday evening by a Superfortress bombing which set fires in the city Tokyo reports relayed through Berlin said 20000 Arsons were leaving the Japanese capital Tues day alone as the grenerarevacua Uon continued They were de scribed as mostly aged and ailing persons children and expectant mothers who in great numbers asked for evacuation Amid the evacuation and the steady recurrence of Superfortress flights over Japan the advices said buildings in Ibe city are be ing torn down to create fire breaks andimpede the spread of blazes kindled by American bombs The German Transocean news agency in a Tokyo dispatch quit ing the controlled AsahL Shimbun said that workers employed in armaments industry transport and journalism may be evacu ated only by special permission disclosing how deeply the move was biting into the ranks of Tok yos millions The same dispatch gave a tip off that the evacuation is at least In part compulsory It said that ail persons connected with air de fense were exempted from the evacuation measures as well as utility workers doctors Ms according to lions given oat for greater Tokyo on Dec il Both the Tokyo radio and axis relayed dispatches from the capi tal reported new American Su perfortress flights over Tokyo Some were reconnaissance and nuisance flights with bombings interspersed The Japanese domestic radio said B29s based in the Mari anas made 3 flights over the Jap anese mainland between midnight and 5 a m Tuesday A Transocean dispatch from Tokyo said several planes swept over the capital Tuesday evening dropping incendiaries The ac knowledgement that fires were started was contained in the claim that they were put out immedi ately The broadcasts stirred specula tion that the evacuation might also have been prompted by the severe earthquake that rocked central Japan last The Japanese have admitted that the tremor which observatories around the world describedas catastrophia proportions had caused damage in a number of areas near Tokyo but they made no reference to the capital itself Radio Tokyo admitted doufly that the Superfortress strikes on the Japanese homeland have be come vigorous operations and warned he people thai more raids are on the way including ma chine gun strafings of their titles An even gloomier Tokyo dis patch broadcast by the German Transocean news agency acknowl edged that Japan is very vulner able to air raids and that every effort is being made to reduce that vulnerabiliiy A great number of Tokyos in habitants have been evacuated to the country Transocean said Certain houses have been pulled down to creat wide gaps and pre vent fires from spreading World War II Now One Year Longer Than World War I London IVF The European war has passed another milestone having lasted exactly one year longer than the first World war World war 1 ended in 4 years 14 weeks and 2 last shot being fired just 6 hours after arm istice terms were signed nt 5 a m on Nov 11 1D18 The current war was 5 years 4 weeks and 2 days old Monday Uses Telephone to Call for Aid When Fire Pins Him Down With American Troops In France telephone proved an effective weapon for counter attack when Sgt Cloyce King was pinned down by German snipers in the Ilsalian underbrush King whose parents live at Ce dar Rapids Iowa was out in front of his 45th division mortar squad establishing an observation post to direct lire on enemy entrench ments Bullets started whizzing over his head as he was laying wire Dropping into the underbrush King suddenly remembered the telephone he had with him My fingers were all thumbs he said as I conected the tele phone to the line Someone back there got busy and did some real shooting Mortar shells dropped on the German position silencing their guns ;