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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 11, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANSNIICHIORS HOME EDITION VOL LVII Associated Press and United Frew Full Wires Copy MASON CITV IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 11 This Paper Consists ot Two Allies Ready to Resume Fight in West One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Latin America for What It Is THE attempted assassination of our president by a couple of harebrained Puerto Ricans has caused quite a few Americans to cast a critical eye in the direction of Latin America And thatsas it should be Its high time we began taking that area of our world for what it is as contrasted with what in wishful thinking weve assumed it to be Some 9 years ago I spent 3 months in the land south of Panama on a factfinding mission Now I wouldnt want to set up the impression that I think this made me an authority on the subject of South America In 3 years I would only have scratched the top layer of the problem and in 30 years of constant study I wouldnt know all there is to know Such is the breadth of the subject But I did come home with some very definite convictions about South America almost all of which have been quite well borne out by subsequent developments By way of introduction to what I shall have to say about the con temporary situation it might not be amiss to recall some of these rather broad conclusions arrived at in 1941 just before we entered World war II Not a Democracy There First on my list was a consid ered judgment that there isnt in all of Latin America a single gov ernment which could be properly referred to as a democracy Re publics there are of course But not a democracy in which there is last Units of Trapped Yanks Escape to Port Tokyo MacArthur flew to Korea Monday for hard look at his heavilyhit United Nations command He aid it remains unbeaten relatively secure and able to bat e the Chinese hordes His secret visit to both the northwest and northeast ronts came as the last elements of 25000 bonecold un haven American marines and doughboys streamed down n to the Hamhung coastal plain from a series of red traps ear Changjin reservoir A huge fleet stood off Hamhungs port of Hungnam But hether it would evacuate the weary outnumbered U S Oth corps units in the north r GlobeGazette photo by Bryant COLLEGE SPECIALISTS of research and experimentation in the field of vegetable growing were featured at the opening sessions of the Iowa Vegeta ble Growers association convention Monday at the Hotel Hanford Pictured above are Iowa State college specialists who appeared on the program Left to right Doctor W H Bragonier Doctor D W Staniforth Doctor W J Hooker and P E Waggoner Rep resentatives from 10 states registered for the beginning session of the 3day conven tion See story on inside Traffic Deaths Above 1949 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Weekend traffic Iowa boosted the fatalities in years total rule by majority Not only is there no democ in Latin America but there wntijoingstp rbe one so as in no counter there sis much as 25 cent literacy That means that only 1 out of 4 or 1 out of 5 can read and write You cant have a true democratic ment under conditions sucfi as that People who cant read and write must have somebody else to do their thinking for them at least in matters at the level of govern ment Such a situation makes in evitable some kind of dictator ship Sometimes as in Argentina its a military man sometimes as in Brazil its a great promiser sometimes as in Russia it was a deaths on the highways and streets to more than the total for all of 1949 The figure for 1950 now stands at 575 two above the final toll for last year The dead were Barry Amick 2i year old son of Mr and Mrs Louis Amick farmers near Bronson Mike Mowrey 31 of Des Moines Frank Jirsa 61 switchman at Waterloo and Dwayne Atkinson 14 son of Mr and Mrs Clyde At kinson of Davenport Atkinson was injured fatally when an automobile knocked him under lhe wheels of a Davenport city lines bus Monday morning Jirsa was killed at a Waterloo crossing when he was struck by an autpmobaehejwas t ilagdpwn early Monday f200Q 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 A Gift From You Will Help This to Grow Into a Full Sized 600 Christmas Tree 400 200 PREVIOUSLY REPORTED Falricia Mmrvick Ate 7 Richard Jean A A Brijrs Mr and Mrs W F Oriner R 3 Mr and Mrs Darwin S Fry Bruce and Barbara Ulen Jtvtk Circle tlk All communist medicine No Shortage of Dictators But always in a situation where the people arent capable of self rule youll find somebody ready and willingto take over their lives Usually theres not just one but several And that explains why at such frequent intervals we have the reports about a Latin American revolution How pronounced this revolu tionary tendency is can be gath ered from the fact that in the 3 year period between 1945 and 1948 there were turnovers in the of Brazil Venezuela Haiti Ecuador Paraguay and an uncounted number of Central American and West Indian repub lics So much for my general view that democracy is a stranger to Latin America Now lets turn to the second of my convictions namely that a friendship pur chased with dollars is likely to be most transitory That of course is exactly what we were doing in those days under the guidance of Nelson Rockefeller We were trying to buy South America away from Hitler Bought and Paid for We not only tried but we suc ceededAlthough at that time there was a pronounced mani festation of nazism in Brazil Chile and Argentina all of these countries along with the re mainder of the Latin America countries lined up on the side of the allies against Hitler But as I foresaw it didnt last long The friendship ran out with the dollars Thats always true of what I sometimes refer to as a purchased friendship During my time in Brazil I heard Getulio Vargas squatty little president prof ess an undy ing friendship for the United this in spite of the fact that not so many years before he had been sleeping 3 in a bed with Mussolini Brazil under Vargas did come into the war on our side and paid rather heavily in mer chant ships sunk by German subs in the Caribbean or Atlantic in the months of the war But that isnt the end of the Lets look at what happened to Senor Vargas in the time since the war First of all he took a licking in one of those rare Latin Stick 1st Degree Murder Charge on Mrs Cassidy Waukon Mrs Cassidy 41 of Harpers Ferry was bound over to the grand jury Monday after an unsuccessful ef fort to have the 1st degree mur der charge against her reduced Justice of the Peace L T Her manson overruled a motion to re duce the charge and bound her over to the grand jury which will meet It will bethe 1st grand jury here in years Mrs Cassidy held in the coun ty jail without bond is charged with shooting to death Leonard Garin 46yearold bachelor farm er of near Harpers Ferry Garin shot through the chest with a 22 caliber rifle last Nov 19 on the back porch of the Cassidy home Sheriff William Huffman said Mrs Cassidy told him the shooting was the culmi nation of a love spat 100 200 200 500 200 2IMI Mason City Votes on Bonds Mason Cityans had cast 1683 ballots at approximately p m Monday in the election to de cide on two proposed bond issues for school building improvement and construction The vote was heavier than usual for that hour and compared with 300 ballots cast during the entire day at the regular election last March when Dr George M Crabb and Curtis Amen were reelected to the board without opposition It compared with 4215 votes cast at the same hour in the gen eral election two years ago when the balloting included a bondissue for enlarging Harding school In special school elections however there were only 143 ballots cast at the same hour 1 1940 when the voters turne down the purchase of the oli library building and 231 votes Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 24 High Tuesday 30 Iowa Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday except most ly cloudy northeast portion Monday night Not much change in temperature Low Monday night 10 to 15 northeast 20 to 25 southwest High Tuesday 20 25 northeast 25 to 30 south west Tuesday northwest winds 20 MPH Further outlook Low Tuesday night 8 above east and central 22 extreme west Con siderable cloudiness but not much change in temperature Wednesday possible snow flur ries east Minnesota Generally fair except for light snow northeast Monday night and snow flurries near Lake Superior Tuesday Some what colder extreme west Mon day night Low Monday night 5 14 High Tuesday 1622 except 2227 extreme southwest IN GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 20 Minimum 14 At 8 a m 18 Precipitation 06 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 28 Freeman HelenRoberts Mr and Mrs G 11 G DAYS TOTAL S TOTAL TO DATE S24202 SUM STltL NEEDED lltSIM Well Have to Speed Up Our Gifts IMES A WAST ING FOLKS And were only a seventh of the way along to ward the goal of this years Christmas Cheer Fund Its evident that too many are wait ing for some body else to carry the ball Less than two weeks remain be tween now and the formal closing of the solicitation on the afternoon of Saturday Dec 23 Early gifts have a special value for Miss Doris Bruce and her as sociates at Family Service Inc administrator of this annual ven ture in applied Christmas spirit There are some things they need to buy early So either bring your gift to the GlobeGazette office or mail it to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa when voting on juniorhigh schoo bonds The polls close at 7 p m Votin machines were being used for th One proposal to issue to fi nance improving of the existin school buildings The 2nd is t issue bond of to financ the construction of new building at Washington Wilson Madiso and Roosevelt and the purchase o sites forthefirst 3 The vote and the polling places are as follows First ware school administration building 324 2nd ward courthouse 435 3rd ward city hall basement 537 and 4th ward S Rgarage 387 Spry May Fire 2nd Member on AntiFreeze Des Moines Secretary o Agriculture Clyde Spry indicated Monday he may fire a 2nd mem ber of his departmental staff in connection with the antifreez dispute Spry confirmed that he hai given a dismissal notice to Clar ence E Miller 33 a chemist in the department and said he may ast remained to be seen The front was relatively orthwest uiet There was ptimism in a note of guarded MacArthurs state ment to correspondents after he eturned to Tokyo from his quick rip to the warfronts He had con erred onthespot with his top enerals Confidence Hith The United Nations command spite of its recent heavy fight ng is in excellent shape with igh morale and conspicuous self onfidence the UN commander aid Although heavily outnum it has come through in a uperior manner The enemys claims of United Nations losses in men and mater al are fantastically exaggerated We are being forced to give ground but our fighting capacity las suffered little general impair ment He added that the Chinese reds had failed in a plan to encom pass our destruction by one mas sive stroke All our units are intact and the losses inflicted on the enemy nave been by local commanders in the field as high as 10 to one compared to our own MacArthur said It was the generals 1st state ment to correspondents on the Ko rean campaign since he personal ly directed the allied endthewar offensiveat daybreak Nov push turned into ar full retreat the There was no time for more ela borate arrangements Macbeth called the withdrawal one of the fightingest retreats in military history He said the leathernecks walked out of 12 days of freezing hell full of fight after a gory nightmare of death in Koreas icy mountains Temperatures at times plunged to 25 degrees below zero The marine retreat began Nov 28 from the fleabitten village of Yudam west of Changjin reservoir Marine Casualties 30 Per Cent Washington marine corps announced Monday that the 1st marine division suffered more than 30 per cent casualties in its desperate and successful fight to break out of a Chinese trap in Korea This implies possibly 6000 to 7000 casualties in the 3 infantry regiments making up the division although the marine corps gave no specific figure Includes Frost Bite The casualties include those Itrwas evident thatMacArthur was concerned seriously about the condition of his forces particular ly the U S 1st marine division and units of the armys 7th infan try division which battled through a frozenChiaeselined hell for two weeks on both sides and south of the Changjin reservoir in north east Korea Amarine spokesman said the last elements of the 25000man escape force completed the haz ardous winding descent from snowbound mountains ringing the big hydroelectric reservoir to the coastal plain leading to Hamhung Previously official estimates fixed the number of trapped troops at 20000 The retreating columns picked up additional units at Hagaru and Koto While losses were heavy a full marine 26000 two army regiments or about 12 000 men were involved in the withdrawal Security has prevented giving the exact size of the American force fighting in the Changjin taken out of action by frost bite Gen Clifton B Gates comman dant of the marine corps an have to replace Mrs Esther Johnston acting state chemist Mrs Johnston is said to have writ area before the Chinese reds at tacked It likewise has barred listing the full casualty count But in view of the listed strengths of marine and army divisions the new frontline estimate of 25000 4 breakout troops appears to be i Series of Traps The bitter 50 mile Mobilization of 34th Division Still Not Clear Des Moines Officials of the IowaNebraska national guard still do hot know whether the 34th division will be mobilized Brig Gen Fred C Tandy said Monday General Tandy Iowas adju tant general had just returned from the 5th armys annual con ference at Chicago over the week end He said representatives of the National Guard bureau in Wash ington attended the conference But they had no information on the outlook for the half a dozen or so guard divisions in the mid west including the IowaNebras ka 34th tenMiller following his receipt of the dismissal notice praising his work as highly satisfactory Spry had advised Miller he was being discharged Dec 31 because his work was not satisfactory Spry asked whether he had any intention of removing Mrs Johns ton replied I hadnt thought so but after the statement she I dont see how I can avoid it Inview of there apparently will be no cooperation between her and the department arid we cannot stand for that Both Miller and Mrs Johnston declined to recommend a saltbase antifreeze whichSpry recently approved for test purposes only A controversy arose over Sprys ac tion and Miners removal has been one of the results Miller has said he will not ac cept his discharge without a hear ing and that he will ask for one Spry said he had no such request but one would be granted if asked GlobeGazette weather statistics fojthe 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 1 Minimum 23 14 M 27 20 HOTEL MANAGERS ELECT Waterloo ff Merritt Hamil ton manager of the Bayless hotel in Elkader has been electfjd pres ident of the Iowa Hotel associa tion Other officers elected are Joseph Whelen general manager of the Hotel Savery Des Moines vice president and Harold Schal ler owner of the Martin hotel Des Moines reelected secretary Rent Control Bill Goes to President Washington bill extend ing federal rent controls until next March 31 cleared its last congres sional hurdle Monday and went to President Truman He is expected to sign it The house completed congres sional action by shouting its ap proval of a compromise of differ ing senatehouse versions The senate gave its okay Friday longest and one of the few in the listory of the spirited marine Nov 28 The spokes m estimated the leathernecks alone killed 15000 Chinese in breaking through the series of traps With the marines were the 31st and 32nd regiments of the 7th division and abput 100 British royal marines They joined forces Sunday with a northbound task force of the U S 3rd division after a vital bridge blown by the Chinese was repaired One grimy bewhiskered leather neck huddled in his tattered parka probably expressed the feelings of all of them with this Shep herd commanding general flee marine forces Pacific that he visited the division on Dec 9 and That they are In 3iigh spirits from the commanding genera down and the troops have their tails up The marine communique issued here said All were confident that the AP Wirephoto END RETREAT TO from Chang jin reservoir indicate the successful retreat of marines and army units trapped in the area by communist forces in North Korea The retreat started at Yudam Five days later they reached Hagaru 2 to join up with other units from the east side of the reservoir A 24hour push brought them to Koto Friday morning the retreat to the Majon area 4 and the coastal plain started Other al lied units are retreating from the northeast Openarrow indicates communistdrive from the northwest aimed at5 the Hamhung area Indian Government Shifts to Intensive Arming for Defense By DeWITT MACKENZIE move down to Hungnam would be completed in successful and orderly manner with the bulk of their supplies and equipment in tact Only through the most aggres sive and determined efforts by all units was the job carried off Incomparable Performance The task was one of incom parable difficulty hazard and hardship This includes the per formance with outstanding com petence by the 1st marine air wing working day and night to provide support for the ground column All of this has not been with out cost The marine infantry regiments now average less than 70 per cent strength Other units of the division are not badly hurt A marine spokesman added that the casualties reported in clude all categories such as weather cases mostly frostbite and injuries as well as those kill ed wounded and unaccounted for due to enemy action The 3 infantry regiments are the 1st 5th and 7th tough Thats comment It was tough A marine medical officer com pared the leatherneck casualties to those the corps suffered in tak ing the tiny atoll of Tarawa in World war men But total marine and doughboy casual ties were higher AP Correspondent Jack Mac beth the only wire service news man who was with the trapped force said more than 4000 wounded were flown from the snowmantled airstrip at Koto until two days before the final breakout drive Many Dead Most of the wounded were ma rines There was no estimate of American dead but Macbeth said the number would be high Two days ago he wrote I watched nearly 200 bodies nosed into a big grave by a bulldozer Moslems Try to Kidnap Dutch Girl By LARRY ALLEN Singapore Thousands of violent fanatic Moslems raged through Singapore Monday night in an effort to kidnap 13 year old Maria Bertha Hertogh raised as a Moslem but recently returned by court order to her Dutch mother Hundreds of armed police lin ing all roads to the Catholic con vent where Maria and her mother are sheltered prevented the mobs from approaching the building which the rioters said they would burn down if it took all night The mobs ranged the city bat tling police overturning and burn ing automobiles with Dutchmen as their prime target A policeofficer said he had re ports several European women had been attacked with bottles and clubs in the streets There were also unconfirmed reports he said that an unspecified number of European children had been kid naped as hostages until Maria Bertha is returned to the Moslem faith and her Malay foster mother At the convent the mother supe rior said Maria Bertha and her mother Mrs Adeline Hertogh were still there Indian Prime Minister Nehrus middleoftheroad policy in the eastwest struggle apparently is undergoing a sharp overhauling India suddenly has shifted to intensive arming for defense Red Chinas invasion not only of Korea but of which lies up against India Burma and Pak given the New Delhi government a jolt Tibet could be used as a base for air attack on these sister states The writing on the wall cant be ignored and it proclaims that communist China isnt going to let moral suasion stand in the way of its program of expansion Top Priority So we see Nehru exponent of peace and a potential leader of Asia making the abrupt and dra matic move of giving top priority to the strengthening of Indias defenses And this great ideal ist displays his practical side by declaring that defense consists not only of large armies and many guns but industrialization self sufficiency in food and mainte nance of high morale among the piople This development must be cost ing Nehru much heartburning He has been pursuing the princi ples of peace taught by Gandhi whose faithful disciple Nehru was for many years The prime min ister like the little Mahatma has been stubborn in his peace stand The reaction of Indias sister state Pakistan hasnt yet been announced These two big new nations have had some bitter difT f erences which at times have come close to dangerous blows How ever peace negotiations have been going on between them and good results have been reported Anyway in the event of attack by an outsider of either of these nations one would expect them to stand together Between them they have a population estimated at more than 430000000 India 360 185000 and Pakistan almost as big as Chinas estimated 463500000 The partition of the Indian peninsula into two states in 1947 resulted in a division of the armed forces which had been created by Britain Approximately twothirds went to India and the rest to Pakistan The Army of 500000 strength of the Indian army hasnt been announced of late but the figure in 1948 was given as 500000 plus a small navy and airforce Pakistans figures are her own private affair However what we do know is that India ranks 8th among the industrial nations of the world She has the greatest steel mills a factor of tremendous importance Armies are helpless without industrial backing and India has that support in a big way Pakistans contribution apart from manpower if she were Indias ally would be in agricul tural products They should make a good team in Asia This is MickeyCohens Lawyer Found Shot to Death Hollywood Rummel 52 prominent attorney who repre sented Gambler Mickey Cohenin many of his legal entanglements was found shot to death on the of hishome Monday Detectives listed Rummels death as murder under mysterious circumstances The coroners office after a cursory examination said the death was a possible homicide Rummel was shot in the neck aid investigating detectives The jullet came out the back of his lead Informed of the slaying Cohea declared excitedly My God Its not so The suave Rummel long had jeen a close associate of Cohen is occupied a home a densely wooded estate in fashion able Laurel canyon which runs rom Hollywood through Holly wood hills into the San Fernan do valley He was credited with getting Cohen out of trouble last when the gambler was accusedof using abusive language to two 3olicemen who came to his door 3e also represented Cohen and several of his henchmen wlien hey were charged with conspiracy n the beating of a radio repair man A J Pearson Cohen 4 as sociates and two police who were accused of helping Cohens gang go free after a pair of rookie patrolmen picked them acquitted Woman Injured When Car Skids Into Train Alta V i s t car driven by ICenneth Boehmer of LeRpy VHnn skidded on the ice into1 a Chicago Great Western freight train a mile north of here Sun day night Boehmer escaped un njured but his wife suffered a cut on the forehead that required stitches Their 8 months old daughter Dianneescaped unhurt The injured were taken to a hos aital at Elma but were released ater Sunday night The car was sadly damaged SAME Slack fUf to fkrt M ;