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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 11, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM 1 Am Ammunition For War Dont Wosfe or Throw Me Away COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES MO INC HOME EDITION THE NEWSfAPER THAT VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a EISENHOWER IS GIVEN DETAILED REPORT BY FR General President Conduct Conference at Ancient Carthage By JOHN 31 HIGHTOUER Washington c s i d c n t Roosevelt gave Gen Dwight D Eisenhower a detailed firsthand report on the allies newly com pleted victory strategy during a 48hour stopover at ancient Car thage on his trip home from Teheran and Cairo This was disclosed by the white house Saturday in the latest of a series of dispatches from the presi dential party belatedly telling of places Mr Roosevelt visited on his historic journey At Carthage as the guest of Gen Eisenhower allied commander in North Africa and Italy Mr Roose velt stayed in a villa descriptively called the white sparse ly furnished euest mansion over looking the Mediterranean and in habited by the nazis until they finally were driven out of Africa last year General Eisenhower previously had met the president at Oran and accompanied him to Tunis on his way to Cairo The general also had participated in some of the strategy discussions at Cairo after Mr Roosevelt dispatched a plane to allied headquarters in Algiers for him He had not however joined in all the mapping of strategy nor was he present at Teheran Tor the meeting with Marshal Stalin Major George E Durno former white house correspondent travel ing with tiic president reported in Nazi Radio Says F R Is in Italy By THE ASSOCIATED PFxESS The German radio quoting dis patches from Lausanne Switzer land said Saturday that President Roosevelt is now reported to be somewhere in southern Italy He is supposed to pay a short visit to the front Rumors he is to meet Marshal Badorlio are de nied a dispatch released by the presi dents office here that Mr Roose velt constructed a final and com plete picture for Eisenhower at Carthage apprising him of the myriad details agreed upon by the joint staff Jo make possible exe cution ol the new overall strate gy Durno laid stress at the outset upon the presidents report to the general of the grand Mediterran ean strategy determined upon n collaboration with Prime Minister Churchill and the co m b i n e d BritishAmerican staffs An in dication of further offensives in the Mediterranean area had come from Teheran in A communique reporting that Germany would be hit from the east south and west Whether this will be under the direction of General Eisenhower is not known Informed persons in Washington had expected that the North Africa commander eventu ally would replace Gen George C Marshall as army chief of staff here after Marshall goes to Lon grand The date of Mr Roosevelts visit to Carthage was not given Dispatches from Valetla Malta Friday disclosed that he had visited that mostbombed island last Wednesday Later in the day a white house release also from Durno told of his flight from Cairo to Tunis over El Alamein Tobruk and other key battlefields of North Africa It seemed probable that the visit to Malta occurred after the flight west from Cairo but whether the Malta trip preceded or followed Ihe stopover at Carthage was not reported Neither was there any comment here on London specu MASOV CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 11 NAZI DEMOLITION demolition tac tics of the Germans when theyretreat are well known Be sides legitimate military installations the nazis also wreck civilian property and cultural objects This photo received from neutral Lisbon shows a German demolition squad in action before a retreat somewhere in Europe don as AngloAmerican commander lation that Sir Roosevelt visit the British capital might Durno said the president and his parly were raveling in 3 C54 cargo planes protected by squad rons of fighter craft As this air group sped over the western desert which British forces had won foot by foot from the Germans the air group sometimes swept low to in spect the battlefields The president commented par ticularly on the fortitude and de termination of the English New Zealand and Australian troops who drove the Germans 1500 miles from El Alamein to Tunis He was quoted also as remark ing about a litter of wrecked en emy planes near Tunis Some body seems to have been doing a rather grand job The villa in which the presi dent stayed at Carthage stands on the rums of the ancient city which was a great metropolis around 814 BC and was finally conquered by the Romans in their heyday of empire building From the villa Ranci said I looked again and he the president could see the ruins was gone of an amphitheater the cells of early Christians and the pits where lions were kept OHARE IS LOST BATTLING JAPS Planes Search in Vain Over Area Near Tarawa By EUGENE BUUXS Aboard a U S Carrier off Ta rawa Gilbert Islands Nov Butch this is Phil Butch this is Phil Butch this is Phil Again and again Lt Cornell1 John L Phillips spoke into the radio transmitter of his torpedo bomber He strained his eyes for aglimpsexof a familiar planejrT the night v But Comman der Edward H OHare 29 hard fly in hardfighting congressional medal of honor ace of the Pacific answered his pleading calls Butch had gone down fighting CTHare was lost Saturday night Jt was the 3rd successive jiight at the most enemy planes on this task force Exactly what happened no one knows But Butch with his boy ish smile and gay banter hasnt come back Already planes are being read ied against the dawn when a great search for the beloved shipmate will be launched In a later dispatch Bmns wrote that for 2 days carrier planes and aircraft from Tarawa crisscrossed 2000 square miles of ocean fruit lessly hunting for OHare The iiairy him missing OHare who won the congres sional medal of honor for shooI ing down 5 Japanese planes which attempted to attack the carrier Lexington in the south seas in 1942 reaped new glory in the fight Rear Admiral Arthur W Brad ford commander of the task force said Im sure that Butch and Phil lips broke up the Jap torpedo at tack plan and probably saved at least 3 of my ships from being hit Later the admiral said Butch with accompanying planes saved my formation from certain torpedo hits I am recom mending him for a 2nd con gressional medal of honor Hutchs hellcat fighter was last seen in the early minutes of a blazing 2hour battle against 30 to 40 enemy torpedo planes Commander Phillips 33 who went aloft in a tonwdo plane said he saw something drop straight off into he water He thought at first it was OHares parachute Later decided it probably was a Jap plane which Butch shot down Ensign Warren A Skon 24 of St Paul Minn who was flying wing on OHare when they started to join Phillips said he saw tracer Group Giving Will Help to Reach Goal PREVIOfSLV BKPORTFI 5 Kmplores of Prllchard Motor Com pany Kathleen M Clark Time Creek Xo 7 P T A Mr and Sirs Giles Charles Andrew Ftelund WaTanYe Club Fredrick frelund Alice 31 ae and Her 3 tot her U G L Club MM Glenn I Thome Athenian Clab For Father Paul J IaValcltc of Tama Mr and Mrs Henry X Graven Moreen and Ann Laird NEW TOTU VOTE TO RACE DEATH IN SPITE OF LONG ODDS Crew Renames Flying Fortress in Honor of Eagle Grove Pilot Washington crew of a United States army Sth air force flying fortress voted to a man to race death against long odds and then renamed the plane in honor of the Iowa pilot who gave his life that that plane and crew might fight again the war depart ment announced Snlurday Flying fortress 741 as it was known when it left its buse in Kuglaud on Oct 14 to attack the ballbearing plants at Schwein furt Germany now bears the name Corn State Terror as tri bute to the memory of 1st Lt Harold It Christensen of Eagle Grove Iowa Lieutenant Christensen who was wounded fatally as the badly damaged plane clipped tree tops in France during the desperate struggle homeward refused to surrender the controls until the plane was out of range of German guns the war departments ac count related Fortress 741 had fought off rocketfiring nazi lighter planes for an hour and a half on the way to Schweinfurt Over the tar get 1 of the 741s 4 engines was knocked out The propeller con tinued windmilling creating a heavy drag Lieutenant Christen sen stayed within protection of his formation for 20 minutes but as other planes began to climb would not go up Nazi fighter planes flocked in for the kill For protection Lieu tenant Christensen headed for some clouds but before he reached them 3 nazi fighters at tacked One MesserschmittlOB stayed on 741s tail with guns blazing The rear compartment of the fortress looked like a sieve Lieutenant Christensen whipped the ship around like a kite to evade the persistent fighters and eventually slipped into the clouds Safe for the moment the crew made a decision Down in the nose 2nd Lt Kenneth C Homutli of Lanrens Iowa C wasatudylng iteiiw of Switzerland Lieutenant Christensen discussed the situa tion on the interphone with his crew have the option of bailing out over Germany heading for Switzerland which means intern ment or trying to make it England Lieutenant Christensen told his crew To a man 2 of whom were slightly wounded but still at their posts they agreed to MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Sofia Raid Is Warning to Bulgaria By JAMES F KING London WVWith a mighty air blow on Sofia capital of Bulgaria the allies Friday drove home a warning to Adolf Hitlers Balkan satellites 10 get out of the war amid mounting signs that the pro nazi Bulgarian and Hungarian governments faced a showdown with their own masses The heavy Sofia radio said waves of allied planes dumped explosives for 105 min at the height of what appeared to be a Bulgarian gov ernment crisis A few hours after the raid it was announced that the parliament had been sent home for a week a move suggesting an attempt to stem growing demands for peace The Sofia broadcast said the as sault caused great destruction and killed many persons Balkan dis patches reaching Sweden said Ihe greatest damage occurred around rail troop barracks areas and that members of parliament inter rupted their session to take shel ter The rail yards are a mile from parliament For the last 2 days Dobri Bo jilov the Bulgarian premier has been trying to hold together his sagging regime after a vote of no confidence and is taking over the foreign portfolio for himself after the minister re signed it was said The Bulgars appeared to be caught in a whirling political and military mixup to which the coun trys relations with Russia with whom she is not at war may be a key In the opinion of foreign mili tary experts the Bulgarian army might oppose a Turkish invasion but would be unreliable even mutinous if asked to fight the Russians Sofia in the past fexv days has gone to some lengths lo publicize Ihe fact that military attaches have been exchanged by Bulgaria and the soviet union The London Daily Express expressed the opin ion that Ihe countrys peasants would welcome a Russian Inva sion pointing out that the Bul garian peasant is a warm Slav Fathers Will Be Called by Age Groups Hershey States 500 I t OU ARE RIGHT There really has to be some spirited action on the part of the communitys Order of Odd Fellows if in the remain ing H giving clavs the 1043 Christ mas Cheer Fund goal of 51500 is to be readied The sum so far realized is only slightly more than a fifth of the amount needed Along with YOUR contribution you may wish to send along the name and address of some seivlce mans family you have reasons to believe may be forgotten this Christmaslide Aliss Doris Bruce and her Social Welfare leaiuie Eociales administrators of this years Cheer Fund fire making special efforts along this line Largest contribution listed above is from the Pritchard Motor companys employes Maybe theres a suggestion in this for other groups All thats needed is somebody to take the lead in the solicitation effort H o w about bullets nround OHares plane I YOU in connection I saw it shear off and drop Contributions large or small quickly below us he said Aviation Ordnanceman Aiving B Kcrnan 20 of Saratoga Wyo gunner on Phillips ship said he saw OHares plane disappear in the darkness Then it reappeared and made an outside loop Then he was gone Kcrnan said Lt JG Hazen B Rand 25 of Avon Miss heard Phillips tell OHare Butch theres a Jap plane coming into your tail Then Butchs lights went off DEDICATE PIPE ORGAN Dfs Moinex pipe organ presented to the post theater and Buv Savings carrier boy chapel at Camp Dodge by the DCS and j Monies business and professional womens club will bi I a m Sunday should be addressed lo Christmas Cheer Fund Afason City Iowa I Meal Costs 5 Cents More Without Onion New York customer ordered chicken chow out onions The meal was satisfactory The check read Cliow cents Xo cents cents Asked to explain lie Chinese waiter said dash for home First Li Homer E Chalfield bombardier of Simsbury Conn lold the story of the race France we swept over one small hill and a city in the valley beyond it A nest ot machine guns and light flak opened up on us A lucky shot made a big hole in the side of the cockpit and hit Lieu tenant Christensen He stayed at the controls until the plane was over the next knoll and out of rane of the German suns which actually had been firing at us right through French homes we were so low Second Lieutenant Stuart B Mendelsohn ol Cleveland copi lot took over Visibility was get ting bad and 731 clipped off the top of a tree smashing Hie plezi glass nose As the fortress crossed ihe French const Technical Sgt Lloyci Ue ROUSSB of Portagcville Mo radio gunner picked oil sev eral German gunners standing along a cliff silencing their ground fire 741 crossed the Eng lish channel only a few feet above ihe water In poor visibility With 1 tire flat an engine on fire and 4 minutes ot fuel remaining the tough old battlewagon of the skies landed on a Royal Air Force air drome Lieutenant Christensen died the following day in a hospital in England 5 NAZI SOBS ARE DESTROYED 3 Others Attacking 2 Convoys Are Damaged London Five German Uboats were destroyed and 3 others were damaged recently when a strong concentration of at least 20 of the underwater marauders sought to attack 2 valuable allied convoys the ad miralty and air ministry an nounced Saturday The Uboats were prevented from launching any concerted attack and more than SD pel cent of the total number of escorted ships readied the port safely the announcement said No fewer than 20 submarines were estimated to be in the vicin ity of the convoys when the battle place between the wolf took pack and British and aircraft naval forces The battle fought intermittent ly for 2 days and nights place in the north Atlantic took Rocket Planes 6 Abreast Attack U S Air Fleets One of the big American heavy Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Alason City Partly cloudy and farmer Saturday night becom ing cloudy Sunday lowest Sat urday night about 20 at Mason City Iowa Fair and wanner Saturday night and Sunday forenoon partly cloudy and colder Sun day afternoon wind 25 to 30 miles an hour Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and warmer Saturday night cloudy and much colder Sun day wih snow flurries north portion wind 25 to 35 mph London UR gcst fleets of bombers ever dispatched on any raid including both flying fort resses and liberators attacked northwest Germany bvdaylight Saturday Lockheed lightnings and Repub lic thunderbolt fighters of the Sth air force escorted the bombers on Ihe mission which threw the of fensive against Germany back into hijth gear after a weatherenforced lull The Germans laid a smoke screen over the target area threw up a moderately heavy ground barrage and sent rocketfiring fighter planes against the raiding force Germ n n Mcssersclunitt and IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday cl mixed up so fi cents more without onion Maximum Minimum statistics 32 13 21 2R 1 WHITE ZMLO1IN RUSSIA Gomel I1CHI1SA RUSSIANS MAKE IMPORTANT STRATEGIC ADVANCES HEKE SI KONG NAZI COUNTERATTACK GAINS IN THIS SECTOR CENTRAL RUSSIAN FRONT HEAVY attacks by both the Russians and the Germans are reported from the eastern front as shown on this map The nazis launched a series of tankled counterattacks that succeeded in gaining ground north east of Cheniyakov A new red army offensive was report ed under way in the Dnieper river bend Reds Enter Cherkasy Nazis Make Advance in Kiev Bulge London Ivan Konevs 2nd Ukrainian army has ex panded its Cherkasy bridgehead in the great Dnieper bend and has driven into Cherkasy itself where violent fighting is taking place in the town1 a DNB cast said Saturday To the Germans said soviet troops were making continuous attacks in heavy snowstorms in the area southwest of Kremenchuc where the Soviets were hammering at the approaches of Krivoi Rog and Kirovograd Moscow admitted serious re verses however in the Kiev bulge 200 miles to the northwest where massed German armor has driven Gen Nikolai Vatutins forces back to tiie area south of Malin 30 miles east of Korozcn and only 55 miles west of the great Ukrainian capital German capture of IMiilin on the KievKorostcn railway would pose a difficult supply problem for Russian forces reported still fighting near Chernyakhov 80 miles west of Kiev The fall of Znamenka central rail junction for German supply in the Dnieper bend to Konevs veterans after 3 days of man killing fighting was announced Friday night The Germans had dug their tanks into the ground and fought to the death front dis patches reported The Russians did not hail at Znamenka Konev pushed one col umn on to lake the town of Khi rovka junction of the Kirovoffrad and Smcla rail lines a few miles lo the northwest Another column raccil south and seized Chitbanov DEER ftT BOONE WILL BE SHOT Officials Seek to Reduce Crop Damage DCS Moiiics state con servation commission announced Saturday that beginning Monday it would shoot an indefinite num ber of deer in order to reduce the crop damage being done by herd of about 500 of the animals in the vicinity of the Ledges slate park near Boone Two or three conservation of ficers will shoot for a few days and then check up on results be fore going any farther Commis sioner Bruce Stiles said We want to reduce ordis perse the large herd to alleviate the crop damage being done both in the park and pn nearby farms If the doer clear out we have to shoot many of them The animals shot will be dressed at Boonc and the mea will go to Boonc county charitabli organizations and such places a the county homes and hospitals Stiles said If it is necessary to take more meat than can be uaec PLAN REVEALED TO TAKE YOUNG FATHERS FIRST Selective Service Director Testifies Before House Group Washington serv ce has directed all draft boards to delay induction oC prewar fa thers so long as possible and has plans in the making for call ing the fathers when that be comes neces s a r y by age groups Younger fa thers would be called first un der the arrange ment w h i c h Major Gen Lewis B Her shey director HERSHEY of selective service outlined Saturday to the muse military affairs committee lershey was called before the committee to explain what he proposed to do about the draft ing of fathers in view of legisla tion just approved putting them at the bottom of the list Ludcr the asegroup plan Her shey said first calls would go to fathers from 18 to 31 when draft boards could not meet their quo las from single men and nonfa thcrs Those up to 25 would he called second with those up to 30 probably gelling the next call Hershey told the committee that instructions had been tele graphed to all boards to use every possible menus to defer taking prewar fathers so long as they can fill their quotas ptherwise MayfbrKy said after a closed committee session ha was convinced General Her shey is going to do his best to carry out the intent of congress in passing legislation just signed by President Roosevelt designed to halt tlu induction of fathers His explanation of what he is doing was satisfactory to me May said adding that the director seemed to feel relieved lo have total responsibility for the selec tive service program Hershey May said has been trying o do heretofore what he is now to do He has been trying to effectuate the pur by hose institutions Boone ka miles nnrlh of Krivoi KOR j county the remainder will go k and Chrchclevka 19 miles furlhcr similar places Capture of Bolinovko 20 miles still further south would effec tively outflank Krivoi Rog from the west The red army advance was flowing inexorably along strategic rail lines and appeared to be threatening the entire German po sition in the Dnieper bend where railways provide the only depend able supply routes In the Kiev bulge Field Mar shall Fritz Von Mamistcin was blasting stubbornly away at lUis stan defenses using upwards of 2000 tanks in his thrust toward counties neighboring King Not to Go Back to Greece Until People Have Expressed Will clas taro George II or ficl Greece announced Saturday that I in the interests of Greek unity he j is willing to put off his return to Athens after his country is lib erated until the people have ex pressed their will regarding him pose of the act but he did not have a specific directive from congress behind May added however that course if they cannot get men any other way they are going to have to take fathers He said Hershey explained that when necessary fathers would be drafted in groups by age first calls going for men from 18 lo 21 next for those up to 25 and third if necessary for those probably up to 30 In all such calls however order numbers would continue to prevail Describing Saturdays confer ence ns a perfectly pleasant ses sion Chairman May said the di rective issued by selective service Friday night answered ninny ciuestions in Uic committees mind May indicated that Hershey ex pected lo dig promptly and as vigorously as he could into the possibility of recalling some 4 Fs May said he understood General Hershey felt that the armys phy sical standards were in some re spects loo rigorous and the 4F classification offered a l for manpower if relaxed saVl here was no question Kiev He has alreadv advanced 30 I Tllc gesture was believed lo have been prompted by the dc milcs cast from the Leningrad Odessa railway to outflank Chcr nyakhov but Valutin has so far avoided a major German break through Junkers fighters flying abreast swept in against the bombers to launch their rockets then peeled off in single file Crewmen said more twinen gincd fighters were seen than had tl been in action for some time They described the fighter attacks as vicious The Germans came up at the bombers in a steep climb launching rockets which whizzed Washington h e navys through the formation before exgiant flying boat Mars which plotting j crashed and burned on its maiden I Giant Flying Boat Mars Sets Record on Trip to Brazil sire of united nations leaders to remove the causes for clashes bc iwcei Greek guerrilla factions Reports of internecine strife in Greece have prompted assertions in high quarters that any allied I action in the Balkans might be im peded seriously by ihe factional warfare mission said their own losses lished a record for cargo trans Second Lt Carl Podlasky Los portation Navy Secretary Knox Angeles navigator on his Hth said The craft covered 8 972 miles in 55 hours and 31 minutes The fighter opposition was parflying time and toted as much as liculnrly strong There were both 10 standard cargo planes could twin and single cngincd planes The j carry at an average hourly speed main wave that hit us came from of 161 miles Knox said tiic navy ocncalh and that was a new probably svill build more airships wist I of the same type T in his mind that Hershey was go ing along with congress and knows what congress wants Fathers were ordered put at the bottom of lie draft barrel tinder legislation just signed by the presi dent The same law divorces Paul V AIcNutt from any authority in adtninislralion of selective serv ice giving all the power to Her shey as director a post heretofore subordinate to McNiuls war man power commission Scleclive service officials said meanwhile that only a change in physical standards for inductees could materially reduce the pres ent rate of induction of fathers The new law provides for ap pointment of a 5doctor board lo review present physical require ments If they determine that standards are too high it may re sult in making a considerable pool of men now classed as physically unfit HF available for lion The other provisions of the new law will have slight effect of ficials said on the call for fathers lo fill draft quotas Instructions were seat out t7 local draft boards requiring that 1 The prcscnl 3A classifica tion be abolished and 3A regis trants be reclassificd They are lo be placed in one of the follow ;