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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ui Press nod United Press Full Leased Wir THE THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cento Copyl One Man 9s Opinion A Radio Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Huon Cllr Sundty p m WSUL City IVednesday f m WOl Ames Friday p m WTAD Qnlner UI Frldiy p m KSCJ Sioor City Sturday p m Chiang KaiShek Merits U S Aid THROUGH the war America fought at the side of China and found her a gallant ally For a full 10 years before we came i actively into the war China had Americas admiration by reason of her courageous resistance to i the Japanese aggressor against heartbreaking odds Meeting at Cairo Egypt at a time when victory for the allied cause seemed for the first time to tie assured the beads of state of United States Britain and China pledged themselves to carry through to a complete crushing of Japans aggressive spirit Thatwas accomplished with out reservation Japans power to make war has been ended As sumedly China was free to re sume her march unhampered by outside aggressive force toward the establishment of a united na I tion THATS what was assumed But that isnt what has come to pass Actually before the Japa nese fighting men who had laid waste to Chinas cities and coun tryside were expelled from Chi nese territory another civil war had flared And the question dumped full Mown into this countrys lap is whether we have any interest la that civil war Is our only con cern in China getting our fight in men out of the trouble zone at the earliest possible moment My own belief is that the course of longrange wisdom is to regard China as our ally and friend in peace as wellas in war And its about that that I wish to visit with you in this commentary TO lay the background lor this discussion lets take a look at that jgreat sprawling country called China In area presentday China is almost exactly the size of we have 140 has 400 million plus 1 China hasbeen likened to the Balkans but the comparison isnt too good Chinas people are of the same racial strain and they speak a common language with only minor differences of pro nunciation in different territories There are 4 or 5 different major religions but they are not funda mentally divisive FOR some reason or other and the reason probably has been the countrys backwardness in transportation and communica tions there has been a tendency to resist national unification The situation has nurtured warlords each with dominion over a prov ince or some lesser area Graft and corruption and a holding down of the common people have been the rule About a half century ago under the leadership of a Christianized Chinese Dr Sun YatSen a revo lutionary movement against the Manchn dynasty took form Its objective was a unified China the elimination of local warlords and ultimately by evolutionary steps the establishment of a democratic government In 1912 this revolutionary movement brought about the overthrow of the dynasty and the process of extending the authority CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 10 1945 Consists ot Two SectionsSection One NO 55 Report Gen Pat ton Partially Paralyzed LAST leaders on trial at Nurenberg managed these laughs at a session of the international tribunal left to right front row Hermann Goenng Rudolf Hess Joachim von Ribbentrop Wilhelm Keitel Rear row Karl Doenitz Erich Kaeder and Baldur von Schirach AP Wirephoto Nazis Not Informed of Pearl Harbor Plan Nuernberff military leaders were urging Japan to get into the war in the spring of 1941 but had no idea the Japanese might strike an opening blow at Pearl Harbor according to a hitherto secret German command order disclosed Monday at the Nuernberg war crimes trial American prosecutors laid before the tpower tribunal a directive signed March 5 1941 by Field Marshal WUhelm Keitel chief of the high command proposing a Japanese attack on Singapore as a means of England to the ground Quickly and thereby keeping the us United States out of the war That Keitel was reluctant at that time to fight America was seen in his warning that Japanese attacks be extended to bases of Ameri can naval power only if entry the United States into the war cannot be prevented In a court session marked by the plea of innocence by Ernest Kaltenbrunner oncedread No 2 man in the gestapo American prosecutors turned to evidence of collaboration between Japan and Germany in spreading aggression throughout the world Kaltenbrunner recovering from a cranial hemorrhage which sent him to the hospital just before r China of the national under way government got AT Dr Suns side in the revolu tion was a young military man named Chiang KaiShek When force was needed Chiang Kai Shek applied it Another man prominently identified with the revolutionary movement was a young man named T V Soong Trained in America he took charge of Chinese finances In 1327 when Dr Sim died Chiang was his logical successor For 4 years he carried on in the program of national unification It wasnt an easy task but for trie most part there was progress to ward the Dr Sun goal Then In 1931 Japan struck in Slanchnria As the months and years passed these aggressions extended This meant that Chiang KaiShek had to abandon his program of national unifica tion atone the Dr Sun lines and devote his attention to protecting China against an external aggres sor Against a welltrained and wellequipped Japanese army China was seriously handicapped The general strategy had to be that of trading space for distance One coastal city after another fell to the Japs the capital was moved 2 or 3 times But eventually a line was established and held rpHE story of the war is too well known to need repeating here Against the common enemy China presented a common front The result was a national con sciousness such as China has never experienced While some say that the communist army in Continued on Page 2 the trial opened 3 brought before the bunal and declared I do not be lieve that I have made myself guilty The scarfaced gestapo man joined his codefendants as the Hitlerite leaders heard them selves accused in their own words of launching the invasion of soviet Russia in 1941 with the coldly calculated determination to starve the Russian people so that the Germans themselves might cat Hermann Goering and Alfred Rosenberg official nazi philoso pher and head of the partys for eign affairs bureau bore the brunt of the American prosecu tions attack at the opening of the 4th weekof the trial Disclosing the detailed German plans to strip captured Russian territory of food industries and raw materials prosecutors intro duced as evidence a speech made by Rosenberg on June 22 2 days before the which the nan leader declared We see absolutely no reason for any obligation on our part to feed also the Russian people with prod ucts of that surplus territory Goering according to official documents was the director of the ruthless economic policy which called for seizing raw ma terials and taking over all im portant policy de scribed by assistant U S Prose cutor Sidney S Alderman economic plunder PROBE SHOOTING OF RED SOLDIER Nuernberg se curity officers continued investi gationMonday of the fatal shoot ing of a Russian soldier allegedly by an American Saturday night The victim Pvt Del Bubenko 3 chauffeur for Russian official at the Nuernberg trials ran across the railroad depot square and collapsed at the feet of an Ameri can euard Before being taken to the Amer ican army hospital where he died Sunday morning he told a group of Russian and AngloAmerican correspondents he had been sho by an American American military police head quarters said no report had been received of any shooting fray GATES RESIGNS NAVY POSITION Washington UR Presiden Truman Monday accepted the res ignation of Undersecretary o Navy Artemus L Gates effecliv Dec 31 THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Bring the boys horn and fight inflation MAN KILLED BY GAR ON HIGHWAY Elmer Benson Struck by Auto in Snowfall services were o be heldTuesday for ElmerBenr on 60 who was instarrtrj1 killed t 10 p m Saturday when struck y an automobile driven by John leister of Osage on Iowa highway Vo 9 a short distance east of Helster was accompanied by Tctor Fox of Elma and the Misses fvonne Helster and Evelyn Mot and of Osage They told officials hey were unable to see the man walking on the highway because f the falling snow Benson and he car were both going west Investigating the crash were Dr S Westly of Manly Sheriff and Coroner Bernard Clein of Northwood and Marshal William Pinta of Manly The Benson family lived lanly for many years where Ben son did carpenter work and paint ng Two years ago the family went to Des Moines where Benson vas employed at the Solar Air craft plant Mr and Mrs Benson returned and were living in their lome a mile east of Manly At the time of the accident Mrs Benson was visiting in Des Moinea with her daughters Mrs Marian olk Mrs Jane Blocher and Miss Jean Benson Brides funeral home is in charge ot the services which wil held Tuesday at 2 p m at the Bethel Evangelical church the Rev H M Raecker pastor offi ciating Burial will be at Manly Dost Reward or Kidnapers of Patrolman tes Moines Robert Blue announced Monday the owa Bureau of Criminal Investi ation had identified the 2 men nd 1 woman who abducted State iighway Patrolman John Mahnke rom Denison Nov 28 Thegovernor said the Bureau f Investigation identified the idnapers as Felix W Kargol 29 Ihicaeo Robert Lee Robertson 24 it Louis and Mary Roe alias Mrs Sobert Lee Robertson St Louis ee unknown The governor said he is offering reward for the apprehen ion and conviction of each of the hree Two men and a blond woman kidnaped Mahnke from the Deni on business district in the early evening after he approached their parked automobile to question hem about some recent burglaries UAW Proposes Plan to Ford to Curb Illegal Strikers Detroit WThe United Auto Workers CIO Monday proposed to the Ford Motor company a company security plan providing for discharge of any employe found guilty of fomenting instigating or giving leadership in an unauthorized strike The proposal also provides for financial penalties against any worker participating in an unauthorized walkout The Ford company had proposed to the union that each day a member engaged in an unauthorized strike he be assessed So which would be paid to the company The union rejected this Mondays counterp r o p o s a 1 from the union marked the first offer to a company from a union to discipline unauthorized strikes in the opinion of Detroit labor observers At the same lime the union asked the company to agree that there would be no lockouts and o recognize that there can be what Union Leader Richard Leonard termed violations in the spirit of the agreement The union further asked the company to agree that it shall not engage in provocations lead ing to unauthorized strikes and that financial penalties shall be imposed on those responsible for such provocation Leonard head of the unions Ford department said that the plan he offered had the full en dorsement and support of the In ternational union but ndded that it would need to be ratified by the union membership The plan would make use of an umpire who would determine the guiltor innocence of the em ploye it charges were brought through the companys grievance committee In the event the penalty oC dis charge is invoked the local union shall conduct an investigation and if this substantiated the com panys charge no grievance would be lodged under Leonards pro posal Father 2 Sons Exemplify True Christmas Spirit PREVIOUSLY BEPORTED R W and W 1 n that vicinity Mason City Leads Shivering Iowa as Cold Wave Hits Mason Cityans shivered a little more than the rest of the state res dents Monday morning as the tem perature dipped to 4 degrees be pw zero and little relief was forecast by the Iowa weather man within the next 24 hours Charles City followed on the heels of Mason City with an official reading of 2 degrees be low zero and Spencer hit 1 below The cold wave which struck Iowa during the weekend sent the mercury tumbling to around the zero mark in all parts of the state Scattered snow flurries also were reported The weather bureau also warned shippers to prepare for tempera tures Monday night of 10 below zero in the northeast 5 below in the northwest and zero in the southern half of the state SUBZERO MARSHALL OKS ARMY FORECAST Says Main Jap Attack Was Aimed to South Washington General George C Marshall Monday up held the accuracy of the forecasts the armys intelligence division made regarding Japans major military attack plans in the criti cal prewar days before Dec 7 1943 Marshall told a senatehouse innuiry that the Pearl Harbor at tack was a slash but not a pro posed invasion at all He added that the main Japa nese offensive was aimed to the south just as the intelligence di vision had estimated Earlier the 5star former chief of staff had testified that he had held the opinion in November IJncoln 1 T A Lee and Rarbara MeNutl Nancr KajMulJcr Btislol Sunshine circle Art 3 IVesley Melbcdht ChnrcU MrsLcster Charlson Box JS3 Barbara Fillmore and Mabel EnerreticteJus i church V v Tom Kopache InsJ Arency CIO dance ItrfIs Kipper GENERAL FATTON Is Serious Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday nigh and Tuesday Continued col Monday night with lowest tern peratures zero to 5 below not s cold Tuesday afternoon Iowa Fair Monday night an Tuesday Continued cold Mon day night Not quite so cold i west portion Tuesday Shippers forecastr Northwest below northeast 10 below southern half zero Minnesota Generally fair Mon day night and Tuesday Contin ued cold not quite so cold southeast portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 21 Minimum minus 4 At 8 a m Monday minus 4 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 21 Precipitation 10 Globe Gazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 5 At 8 a m Sunday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 1941 that a movement Japanese into Thailand by and the the Gen Eisenhower Proposed as Republican Presidential Candidate Washington D Eisenhower has been proposed as the republican partys 1948 presidential nominee Describing the new army chief of staff as a statesmanexecu tive of the highest caliber Sen Arthur Capper R Kans made the proposal Sunday night in a radio address over station WIBW Topeka He said he had not dis cussed the matter with Eisen hower Eisenhower is not affiliated with any political party and it is not known whether he would be re ceptive to an offer Gulf of Siam area would involve the United Stales and Great Bri tain in war Ferguson noted that Marshall and Admiral Harold R Stark then chief of naval operations had senta memorandum to the late President Roosevelt on Nov 5 1941 saying that further Japa nese aggressive moves should bring retaliation if the Japs moved west of 100 degrees east or south of 10 degrees north of Thailand The Michigan senator brought out that on Dec 6 Ambassador John G Winant had messaged Washington from London that the Japanese were on the move lowan Recovers After Dunking in Storm Lake Storm Lake Walter Stock 16 Storm Lake high school senior football player broke through thin ice on Storm lake Saturday while duck hunting and had to be res cued by firemen He recovered in a Storm Lake hospital after a companion unable to pull him from the icy water had notified a nearby farmer and the firemen were called to the scene Reveal Japs Used Poison Gas Against US Troops Tokyo Brig Gen Charles E Loucks declared Monday that the Japanese had used poison gas against American troops in a few 1S 4iif lnstances notably in New Guinea late in the war chemical warfare officer on General MaeArthiirs staff said the most recent instance was March 5 1945 when a Japanese patrol set off vomiting gas candles in a single corps area at Biak N Guinea Loucfcs said several Americans were made severely ill but none killed Japanese officials he has talked to he added denied knowledge of this or other reported isolated use of gas but they conceded they were unable to say whether individual field commanders bad used it Loucks asserted that the Japanese also had tossed gas granades concentrations at Biak and had used gas against the Chinese in China THE DAYS TOTAL I luoo TOTAL TO DATE OTOO AMOUNT XET NEEDED HANKS TO A MOST GENER OUS GIFT from a Mason City father and his 2 sons the Christ mas Cheer Fund today takes a most gratifying lunge ahead This is one of the largest conlrib u t i o n s ever received in the 20 year his tory of the Cheer Fund It is most appreciated by all who have a part in the raising or the expendi ture of the fund Its to be hoped that others not yet represented in the list of don ors will be prompted to go into ac tion at once Theres still a long way to go to reach the before Dec 24 when the solicita tion comes to an end There canbe no resting on the oars Early gifts are particularly help ful because they make it possible for the Social WeKare league ad ministrators o the fund to do its Christmas shopping early for the needy of ourcommunity Send your Di Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette Ulason City BRING JAP SUB CHIEF TO TRIAL Washington Cmdr Ike Hasimoto captain of the Japanese submarine 158 reported to have sunk the USS Indlanapolis las July 30 arrived Monday to testify at the courtmartinl of Captaain Charles B McVay 3rd JlcVay who commanded the Indianapolis is charged wSlh n Off licence and inefficiency in the loss of the heavy cruiser Hashimoto in custody of Lt Allan Smith of West Haven Conn arrived by naval air trans port Smith said he left Japan December 7 Japanese time bring Hashimoto here Captain McVay is accused o negligence in faibng to order hi ship to maintain a zigzag through waters known to be dan gerous from submarine attack Hashimoto is expected to testify before the court martial when i resumes Tuesday Sopes Slump n Hunt for Lost Flyers Miami Fla IP Air rescu quadrons droned seaward for th th successive day Monday cage o scan more closely the are vhere floating objects Sunda tha urvivors among 27 missing nav irmen had been sighted At dawn 1S3 navy planes from acksonville and 24 long raiiR patrol bombers from Tensacol vere flung into the rencwe search for the crews of 5 torped bombers that wiiiffed out over Hi Atlantic Wednesday into tola ilcnce Navy air and surface craft were oined inthe hunt by scores of army planes based in the state It was an army bomber from Youth Killed Galesbnrg Ray mond Drayton 18 of Mineral III was fatally injured when he wa struck by a switch engine her Saturday His body will be sent to Sheffield where his parents reside MRS PATTON to Husband WIFE DOCTORS HURRY TO SIDE OFGENPATTON Blood and Guts Hurt as His Sedan Collides With US Army Truck Mannheim Germany ondition Gen George S Pat on partly paralyzed from a frac ured vertebra in the neck was fficially described as critical londay by army medical officers An official bulletin released at rankfurt recording Pattons ondition as of p m used the vord critical for the first ime lie generals condition previous y had heen termed serious Patton commander of the U S 5th army is a patient at a Heid hospital as a result of the njuries suffered Sunday in an au omobile accident near here A previous bulletin said Patton vas completely paralyzed below he fractured 3rd cervical verte ra in the neck and was suffering from a dislocation of the 4th cer vical The latest bulletin said Dislo cation of vertebra is responding satisfactorily to extension Neuro ogical signs are unchanged His condition remains critical The official announcement also ndicated that PaUon still was conscious Brig Hugh Carnes neuro sur real consultant to the British army arrived here and was in consulta tion with Lt CoL Gilbert Phillips commanding the surgical division treating head injuries at British military hospitals Mrs Patton and a neurosur Sery specialist Col K G Spurling of Louisville Ky were hurrying to the federals side by lantic plane The earlier bulletin said the dislocation of the 4th cervical was being closely observed because of the very serious nature of the in jury although an Xray showed that the dislocated cervical bad been pushed back into place Patton was described as rational and was said to have spent a comfortable night Airs Patton was expected to arrive in Paris Tuesday morning and go from there to Heidelberc either by rail or air An official army bulletin issued at the hospital said the fiery gen eral had passed a restful night sleeping 5 hours v The accident occurred when art army ruck reportedly turned off a side road into the autobahn su per highway and crashed into rations sedan ration and his chief of staff MaJ Gen Ilobart K Gay had left U S 15th army headquarters at Bad Nauhelm Sunday morning to go pheasant hunting near Mannheim Gay and the driver Ffc Horace Woodring were unhurt A combat engineering unit commanded by Maj Charles Tucker of New Hamburg N Y Boca Raton field that Sunday sent vessels and planes speeding eastward with a report that crew members were almost sure they lad spotted 2 life rafts tossing on he ocean about 300 miles due cast ot Melbourne Hopes were exploded when the lavy reported that investigation proved Ihe rafls to be packing cases bobbing in the water A short time after the bombers the ianker Envin Russell flashed word it was standing by in the same area to pick up sur vivors from a liferaft but a cor rective message once again blasted iopes The tanker radioed it had been mistaken and that its find was merely a naval tow target used in gunnery practice Meanwhile the navy announced it had abandoned a futile land hunt in the desolate swamplands of north central Florida where flares and blinking signal lights were reported late Friday night THE WORLDS BEST B0Y Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours and fight inflation this week Bring the boys home V BUY SEALS was summoned by an unidentified Red Cross girl and found Patton slumped in the rear seat of his sedan An eyewitness said Pat tons face was covered with blood from cuts suffered when he was thrown forward by the impact of the crash Palton was reported to Ijave said that though his neck hurt ne felt no other injury Capt Ned Snyder of Texas treated Patton at the scene of Ihe accident after which the engi neering units ambulance rushed him 20 miles to the hospital in 25 minutes Patlon who reached his 60th birthday last month has been commanding the 15th army since Oct 2 when he was relieved of his command of the famous 3rd army which he led from Nor mandy to Czechoslovakia He previously had won fame in north Africa and Sicily The 15th has been a paper army primarily concerned with preparing reports on lessons of the war Patton has indicated that the command of the 35th army was not the sort of military job he liked and it is believed that he planned to retire at the end of his present assignment sometime within the next few months Old Blood and Guts the name by which Patton was universally known had declined to state out right whether he would retire but had said that when and if he did he would devote himself to sail ing fishing and hunting lowan Killed Betiendorf P Hughes 68 was killed Monday morning when he was struck by an automobile while crossing a street It was the second automo bile fatality in Bcttcndorf this year ;