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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY DE3 ItOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLU1 Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 8 1345 NO 53 EXPECTED JAP BOMBS ON US COAST ATOMIC POWER TOPS LIST AT BIG 3 PARLEY Byrnes Bevin Molotov to Convene b Moscow Dec 15 on Problems Washington UR The United States assuming bold leadership in the move to erase the threat of future atomic warfare rushed preparations Saturday or atomic energy discussions with Russia and Britain beginning next week end Extension of International atom discussions fo include Russia was announced simultaneously in Mos cow London and Washington Fri day night The announcement said the foreign ministers of the three countries would meet in Moscow Dec 15 to discuss matters of com mon concern to the 3 countries and also for an exchange of views on the subject of the control of atomic energy United States leadership in the the atom discus sions was evi dent in a state department an n o u n c e ment that the 3 power confer was sug gested by Sec retary of State James F Byrnes His action is a logical step in President Tru BYRNES mans atomic program as presented in a message to congress Oct 3 The president said then that in an effort to elim the threat of atomic warfare would discuss the question first with Canada and Britain partners in the atom bombs 11 and i Britain Canada and the XI S have talked it over They made l their views known in a joint dec laration Nov 15 saying they were willing to share atom bomb se lf crets with other united nations as j soon as enforceable safeguards could be set up j to prevent its use for destruc t i v e purposes They recom mended the creation of a commission un der the united nations organi zation to look into the ques tion Even while the matter waits UNO attention however the BEVIN U S has acted to extend discus UAW Refuses Wage Raise OfferbyGM Detroit General Mo tors Council of the CIO United Auto Workers union Saturday re jected the offer of General Motors Corp of a 10 per cent wage in crease to end the nationwide strike at GM plants The councils action was taken at a special meeting of the repre sentatives of GMs 175000 strikers who were convened for the pri mary purpose of replying to Presi dent Trumans appeal for an enfl to the strike Vice President Walter P Reuth er of the UAWCIO in announc ing rejection of the GM offer said agreement already had been reached on Mr Trumans request but that formal action would await a reassembly of the council Sat urday Beuther would not disclose the nature of the agreement Meanwhile a huge motorized picket line started out from Dear born composed of several hun dred automobiles but Senior In spector Ezra Johnson said at police headquarters that no serious traf fic jams had been created Johnson said police details at all General Motor plants had been supplemented by drawing officers from other beats and that an ade quate reserve was being held at strategic points By p m CST traffic at the corner of Second Avenueand Grand Boulevard one of the busiest intersections in the was materially slowed down as a line of cars carrying streamers and banners slowly circled the huge General Motors office build STORMBATTERED TVINTHROP HIT 3 times in 2 weeks by howling gales and raging seas the townspeople of Winthrop Mass are cleaning up a wrecked and littered shoreline that still is washed by angry seas Two workers above stand back from the battered sea wall as a hugh wave topples over the wall of what once was a shore drive AP Wirephoto mg Police cars and motor cycle of ficers endeavored to keep the cars moving LOW FOG HIDES GLUES i sion to Russia This ivas urged by many leading statesmen and sci entists in this country as a move Push Hunt for Missing Airmen Miami Fla low fog hid reported clues Saturday to the fate of possible survivors among 27 missing naval airmen as scores of planes hovered over the area be tween Orlando and Melbourne where flares and fires were seen Friday night Land search parties in jeeps Weasel marsh buggies and am phibious alligators were rushing to the scene in the desolate marshlands in north central Flor ida the navy in Miami reported We dont want to get any hopes up too high but we are moving everything up there to find those men if they are alive Commo dore H H J Denson of 7th naval district headquarters told the As sociated Press Once the sun burns through that fog well know what weve V to allay soviet suspicions that the Lj TJ S was holding out on the Abomb as a means of interna tional Scientists also have been warn ing that other nations including Russia could find out any im portant atom bomb secrets within as short a period as 9 months Some said Russia could outstrip us in an atomic arms race It was made clear in the big 3 announcement that the meeting will involve only the Russian British and American foreign min istcrs and is not a 2nd meet ing of the big 5 council of for eign ministers The council including France and China was set up in the big 3 Potsdam decla ration and met with very lim ited success at its first session in London 3 months ago There was Commodore Benson said weight was added to the possibility that some of the since last have landed in the MelbourneOrlando area by the fact that farmers in the vicinity reported having heard an explosion on the night the squad ron of 5 naval torpedo bombers vanished A Martin bomber which went out to hunt for the torpedo craft with 13 men aboard is also miss ing Says Death Not Caused by Head Blow Fort Dodge An autopsy performed on Ronald Miller 17 year old Eldora state training school inmate who died Aug 29 showed no skull fracture no swell ing the brain no blood clots on the brain and no brain hem orrhage Dr R E Gray has testi fied in district court Dr Gray former physician for the school for 19 years wasthe first witness caUeaby the defense Friday In the trial of Carl Klatt former giiard who is charged with second degree murdfer in con nection with the death of Miller The doctor said that in his opin ion Millers death was caused by heat exhaustion with acute dila the right side of the heart The youth Dr Gray said was in very poor ly exhausted when he was brought to the hospital following his collapse on the school coal pile The state accuses Klatt ad ministering a terrific beating to Miller for his part in an alleged escape plot and alleges that Miller was sent to the coal pile the fol lowing day to carry coal on the im When Miller was brought to the school hospital the witness re lated he ordered immediate aid saying to an attendant this boy is dying right now Previously 3 doctors testifying for the state said that they be lieved Miller had died from a blow on the head Under cross examination Dr Gray said that a beating might have contributed to Milters death but if so was a secondary cause He said the autopsy did show a large blood dot between the skul and scalp deport Marines Shell China Town After Soldiers Death New York NBC report from Shanghai Saturday said hat American troops shelled a north China village near Asham after a U S marine was killed and another wounded in the vicinity The order to shell the Village was given by Maj Gen Keller E Rockey in charge of V S marines in north China The NBC report said that the marines fired 24 rounds of 60 MM mortar shells into the village when the natives refused to surrender MOLOTOV 1 some talk in London Friday prior tito the announcement that a meet it ing of President Truman Prime Minister Clement Attlee and Pre mier Josef Stalin was in prospect i However Mr Truman only re Vcently expressed his opposition to j conferences of the heads of state II as such And at any rate it was apparent that at the present stage Ithe big 3 heads were content to let their foreign itary of State James F Byrnes British Foreign Secretary Ernest and Russian Foreign Com Sjmissar V M Molotov do the i Balking for them Schools Back Bonds Jl Lafayette La schools fpf Louisiana are credited with pro Viding the push in the sale of J172al439 of Series E F and G bonds during the 194445 session was an average of S3092 per pupil ARMY BOMBER ON RECORD FLIGHT tong Beach Cal UR The armys newest bomber the twin engined Douglas XB42 with pro pellers in its tail took off at p m CST Saturday for Wash ington in an attempt to set a new transcontinental record Vets Want Schooling New Orleans young veteran returning to New Orlean definitely wants more schooling according to Russel A Ford loca contact officer of the veterans ad ministration KILLED IN FALL AT SUGAR PLANT Earl Kinney 33 Falls in Elevator Shaft Earl F Kinney 33 fell through ah elevator shaft to his death while working at the American Crystal Sugar company plant here early Saturday morning Fellow workmen believed that Kinney fell from the 6th floor as he was setting out of a skip car rying limestone and coke to the top ofa kiln Dr R E Smiley Cerro Gordo county coroner said Kinney evidently had decided to ride the skip when sent by Fore man Earl Pedelty to check the supply at the top of the kilns The accident happened at a m just before the night shift on which Kinney worked was to have gone off duty Pedelty who was operating the hoisting ma chinery said that he was looking for the mark on the cable which served as a guide for stopping the skip at the top when Kinney fell through the shaft Kinneys cap wasrfound on the 6th floor 52 feet above the pit The elevator shaft is open from the pit to the 7th floor the coroner said but is protected at each floor level by a pipe railing The skip moves only 30 feet a minute he stated and workmen frequently rode on it rather than to climb the stairway No inquest will be held Mr Kinney ivas born near Manly March 24 1912 He resided on a farm a mile west of Plym men suspected of the attack on he marines Names of the American casual les were not revealed but they were said to have been a corporal and a private first class Hockey announced that the 2 marineswere attacked last Tues day while rabbithunting near Anshan about 48 miles southwest of Shanhaikwan The private was killed in stantly but his companion sur vived a 2nd blast of gunfire after he had fallen wounded in the initial attack After attacking the marines the assailants the NBC report said fled to Anshan where they took refuge Rockey issued an order to the villagers demanding that those responsible for the assault be sur rendered But the order was ig nored Rockey said acting in accord ance with general orders from Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer he then ordered the village shelled The marine casualties were members oE the 4th platoon com pany B first battalion 29th ma rine regiment Their names were withheld pending notitication o next of kin THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy youis this week Bring the boys honn and fight inflation outh in which vicinity he had spent his entire life Surviving are his wife Irem Kinney and 4 children Delores Margaret Leroy and an infan daughter He was preceded in death by his parents Funeral arrangements are in complete The Patterson funera home in charge Shy Iowa Lawyer Rounded Up Nazis Name Mason City Site of Aeronautical Meeting Des Iowa Aero nautics commission announced Friday Mason City will be one of 4 sites for district meetings to be held during January and Febru ary at which municipal authori ties will be invited to discuss their airport problems Spencer Cedar Rapids and At lantic will be the sites of the other district meetings Dates were not announced pending completion of hotel reservations Nuernberg shy Iowa lawyer who served as a major in the U S armys judge advocate department is the man who brought 7 of the 20 nazi defend ants to the war crimes prisoners dock He is Major B D S Hitman of Cedar Rapids Iowa one of the cbief behindthescenes men in the painstaking preparations for the trial Silliman now enroute home interviewed witnesses and Elect lowan Rockwell City Luella Condon Rockwell City extension home economist in Calhoun county bas been elected first vice presi dent of the National Home Dem onstration Agents association meeting at Chicago this week in conjunction with the National 4H club congress Mrs Condon was president of the Iowa Home Dem onstration Agents in 194345 Trial in Recess Nuernberg trial of 20 nazi leaders before the interna tional war crimes tribunal was in weekend recess Saturday after the British prosecutors concluded presentation ot their case collected evidence In all parts of Germany and Austria as an in terrogation officer for the Ameri can prosecution By jeep plane and combat re connaissance vehicle he brought the nazis to Nuernberg His pris oners were Ernst Kaltenbrunner Walther Funk Hjalmar Schacht Admiral Karl Doenitz Baldur von Schirach Fritz Sauckel and Al bert Speer all thedefendants 1 brought MAJOR SILLXMAX I consider Speer the most intelli gent SiUiman said Sauckel was the most stupid and scared Von Schirach was the best dressed and the best looking His largest single haul was Kaltenbrunner Doenitz von Schirach and Sauckel whom he brought in a Douglas troop carry ing plane with 2 guards to as sist him I found Doenitz very silen and contemplative he said H was extremely bitter and sar castic about everything He is ruthless naval officer and has hard face which shows the com plcte contempt he holds for th prosecution or for any other foi He believes completely in de fense on the basis of superior or ders Silliman said Tie found Funk i a German hospital where h claimed to be suffering bladde and prostate trouble Funk sai he planned to have an operation 1 thought at first he was try jng to avoid trial so I had him transferred to an American arm hospital for treatment Sillima said He claimed he was too i to get out of bed But one day visited the hospital and foun him strolling in the garden So took him into custody and brough him here When Funk was captured he was carrying in American 50 dollar bills He refused to say where he got the money or why Help Him Must 5e Had in 13 Giving Days PREVIOUSLY SEPOBTEn slber Ambrose Giannaultos lascm City Firefighters Association Birthday Club lislory Club i R rjirtwcll W Chapter P E O Carila Penny and Jimmy Itanki Chapter p E O Sam Raizes Department Store Athenian Club Mr and1 Mrs Tom Fatland THE DAVS TOTALJ 3700 TOTAL TO DATE S0300 AMOUNT YET NEEDEDJl30700 HE CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND will open its second week confronted with the necessity of Truman Acts to Bolster Construction Washington Unseasonal gains in construction activity were reported Saturday as the white house worked on new controls in tended to guarantee small homes a share in the building boom In addition to restoring prior ities over building materials 1res ident Truman said Friday some sort of price controls over real es tate are needed Otherwise he foresees inflation especially in the cost of smaller residences This swing to controls which were scrapped less than 2 months ago gained impetus from a report the bureau of labor statistics It showed that a surge of city building got under way in Oc tober the month when building controls were lifted but that new dwellings accounted for little more than a third of the total new construction The report added Since there are no longer any restrictions on home construction more houses are being built in the higher price brackets Mr Truman told his news con ference he did not yet know just how the restoration of priorities would be applied but that the plan was to see that building materials were used principally for resi dences Other government officials have stated that most materials and building labor are going into fac tory and commercial construction They suggested the priority plan might apply only to low and mod erately priced those costing less than 58000 the wartime ceiling Other types of construction would get what was left over The labor bureaus report show ed that 5262000000 worth of building construction was begun in October The in crease over September was the biggest monthly gain since mid 1942 when war plant construction wasat its height This upturn ran counter to the usual building slump when fall weather sets in Work was begun on 19480 new family dwellings an increase of less than 5000 over September when the construction controls were in force The increase in residential permit values how ever was 501 per cent partly be cause of the house higher value per joo 20Q lM 500 1000 200 200 Factory store commercial and other nonresidential building climbed 401 per cent to an Oc tober total of Work on repairs alterations and addi tions increased 165 per cent to a total of 17 KILLED IN PLANE CRACKUP raising almost 13 giving days before the solic itation conies to an end on Dec Whether that result is not depends on you and You and YOU Up to this time a majority of the contributions both in number and in total have came from organiza tions This may give some the im pression that group job its primarily a That isnt true If the goal is to theres going to have to be agood bit of individual giving Thats where YOU come into the picture Send your gift large or small to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa Billings Mont Fifteen army men several of them under discharge orders and 2 Northwest Airlines pilots were reported killed early Saturday during a snow storm when their west bound plane a C47 crashed and burned 1 mile west of Billings in a field Northwest Airlines headquar ters in St Paul Minn said the pilot was George D Miller 34 of St Paul and the copilot Vernon Pfannkuch 24 of Breda Iowa Their next of kin have been noti fied Army authorities withheld names of the military personnel pending notification of next kin Eight men were taken to a Bill ings hospital where 2 them the planes pilot and copilot died shortly afterwards Of the 23 on the plane 6 escaped death but were said by hospital attendants to be in critical condition GEN MARSHALL CLAIMS HAWAII BLOW NOT SEEN High Command Foresaw Attack on Coast Cities Instead of Pearl Harbor Washington U S high command expected the Japa nese to bomb airplane factories in Seattle Wash and San Diego Cal rather than Pearl Harbor in 1941 Gen George C Marshall dis closed Saturday Questioned by the joint con gressional Pearl Harbor investi gating committee the wartime chief of staff testified that he and other high officers thought this way early in December 1941 I assumed Guam would be tak en probably Wake though taking Wake Island would be more dif ficult There was a possibility that an effort would be made to strike at the Panama canal our air plants in Seattle and San Diego Marshall said he thought the most improbable form of the Japanese assault would he what actually blow at Ha waii At that time the aircraft indus try on the west coast was starting to reach high production although quantity output had not yet reached the armed forces Marshall told of his prewar views under questioning of Hep Gearhart RCal Gearhari repeatedly asked why Marshall did not take more no tice of Lt Gen Walter C Shorts message that he had placed the Hawaiian garrison on only a sab otage alert Nov 28 1941 Short gave this information in replying to a message on Nov 27 that hos tile action was possible That was myopportunity to afant tateit Marshall replied frankly Jnst why I dont know He observed that Lt Gen Leon ard T Gerow former chief of the war plans division had assumed full responsibility for any war department failure to send addi tional warnings to Short I greatly admired his alti tude Marshall commented I too admired his generosity Gearhart remarked Later when Senator Ferguson RMich took up the question ing the subject of responsibility came up again It was in Gerows division where the details of the situation rested Marshall said but the re sponsibility was mine as well as General Gerows Gearhart also asked a number of questions about the informa tion former Secretary ot State Hull gave Marshall on diplomatic maneuvers Marshall replied to most of these that he could not jecollect details He did say he had a firm remembrance that about Nov 25 1941 Hull declared that there was no chance for an agreement with Japan and thai the situation was in the hands of the army and navy Gearhart asked how the army and navy felt during Oct 1941 and thereafter about the need of gaining time to build for the eventuality of war Naturally ve hoped to avoid war Marshall replied but we knew every effort must be made to gain time if war was inevi table He said he believed Adm Har old R Stark then chief of naval operations thought the navy need until Feb 1 1942 I thought we might or should be ready by Dec 5 Marshall said IXFAOT DIES LeRoy services for Jerry Mensink were held Fri day at Martzs funeral home con ducted by the Rev J A Blair and burial in LeRoy cemetery He was born to Mr and Mrs D Mensink Dec 28 1944 and died in the Cresco hospital Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Decidedly colder with moderately strong northwest winds and snow flurries Satur day night Lowest temperature 5 degrees above Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday be coming cloudy with snow flur considerable colder Sat hs had it SiUiman called Kaltenbrunner one of the ugliest characters he ever met He makes Boris Kar loff seem attractive and could play horror pictures in Hollywood without makeup TOUFT BUY SEALS urcfay night Sunday cloudy and colder mostly Minnesota Decidedly colder with snow blowing snow and strong northerly winds northwest por tion overspreading remainder of state Saturday night Low temperature Sunday morning ranging from 5 below zero northwest portion to near 10 above southeast portion INMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 6 oclock Saturday morning Maximum 44 Minimum 30 At 8 a m Saturday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 23 REJECT APPEAL OF 6ELSEN GANG 1 1 Nazi Guards and Officials Face Noose Tlerford Germany Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgom ery Saturday rejected all appeals of Belscn concentration camp de fendants and ordered Commander Josef Kramer blonde Irma Grese and 9 other officials of the Belsen and Oswiecim camps to be hanged In addition to Kramer the 38 yearold Beast of Belsen and the 22yearold pistolpacking Miss Grose the defendants o die are Dr Fritz Klein Peter Wein gartner Ansgar Pichen Karl Francioh Wilhelm Dorr Franz Starne Elizabeth Volkenrath Ju ana Borman and Franz Hoeszler They were among 30 former of ficials and guards at the torture camps convicted of atrocities THE WORLDS BEST BUY Victory Loan Bonds Buy yours this week Bring the boys home and fight inflation ;